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Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Senior  Editor 

Brian  C.  Shipley 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
Linda  E.  Endersby 

David  A.  Ranzan 
Indexing  Editor 

Janette  Pardo 
Richard  Mizelle 
Peter  Mikulas 

Paul  B.  Israel 

Director  and  General  Editor 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Smithsonian  Institution 

A  UPA  Collection  from 

fjf  LexisNexis- 

7500  Old  Georgetown  Road  •  Bcthcsda,  MD  20814-6126 

Edison  signature  used  with  pennission  of  McGraw-Edison  Company 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers 

Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
endorsed  by 

National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission 
18  June  1981 

Copyright  ©  2007  by  Rutgers,  The  State  University 

All  rights  reserved.  No  part  of  this  publication  including  any  portion  of  the  guide  and 
index  or  of  the  microfilm  may  be  reproduced,  stored  in  a  retrieval  system,  or  transmitted  in  any 
form  by  any  means — graphic,  electronic,  mechanical,  or  chemical,  including  photocopying, 
recording  or  taping,  or  information  storage  and  retrieval  systems— without  written  permission  of 
Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey,  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey. 

The  original  documents  in  this  edition  are  from  the  archives  at  the  Edison  National 
Historic  Site  at  West  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

ISBN  978-0-88692-887-2 


Director  and  General  Editor 
Paul  Israel 

Senior  Editor 
Thomas  Jeffrey 

Associate  Editors 

Louis  Carlat 
Theresa  Collins 

Assistant  Editor 

David  Hochfelder 

Indexing  Editor 

David  Ranzan 

Consulting  Editor 
Linda  Endersby 

Visiting  Editor 

Amy  Flanders 

Editorial  Assistants 

Alexandra  Rimer 
Kelly  Enright 
Eric  Barry 

Outreach  and  Development 
(Edison  Across  the  Curriculum) 
Theresa  Collins 

Business  Manager 
Rachel  Wcissenburgcr 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
Richard  L.  McCormick 
Ziva  Galili 
Ann  Fabian 
Paul  Clemens 

New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Marc  Mappen 

National  Park  Service 

Maryanne  Gerbauckas 
Michelle  Ortwein 

Smithsonian  Institution 
Harold  Wallace 


Robert  Friedel,  University  of  Maryland 
Louis  Galambos,  Johns  Hopkins  University 
Susan  Hockey,  Oxford  University 
Thomas  P.  Hughes,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Ronald  Kline,  Cornell  University 
Robert  Rosenberg,  John  Wiley  &  Sons 
Marc  Rothenberg,  Joseph  Henry  Papers,  Smithsonian  Institution 
Philip  Scranton,  Rutgers  University/Hagley  Museum 
Merritt  Roe  Smith,  Massachusetts  Institute  of  Technology 


We  thankfully  acknowledge  the  vision  and  support  of  Rutgers  University  and  the 
Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers  Board  of  Sponsors. 

This  edition  was  made  possible  by  grant  funds  provided  from  the  New  Jersey  Historical 
Commission,  National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission,  and  The  National 
Endowment  for  the  Humanities.  Major  underwriting  has  been  provided  by  the  Barkley  Fund, 
through  the  National  Trust  for  the  Humanities,  and  by  The  Charles  Edison  Foundation. 

We  are  grateful  for  the  generous  support  of  the  IEEE  Foundation,  the  Hyde  &  Watson 
Foundation,  the  Martinson  Family  Foundation,  and  the  GE  Foundation.  We  acknowledge  gifts 
from  many  other  individuals,  as  well  as  an  anonymous  donor;  the  Association  of  Edison 
Illuminating  Companies;  and  the  Edison  Electric  Institute.  For  the  assistance  of  all  these 
organizations  and  individuals,  as  well  as  for  the  indispensable  aid  of  archivists,  librarians, 
scholars,  and  collectors,  the  editors  are  most  grateful. 


Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited. 
In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected 
items  contained  on  these  reels 
may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 
The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 



Edison  General  File  Series 

1911.  Battery,  Storage  -  Foreign  -  Bergmann,  Sigmund  (E-11-21) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  commercial  development  of  Edison's  alkaline  storage  battery  in  Germany 
and  Austria-Hungary  under  the  auspices  of  Sigmund  Bergmann,  head  of  the 
failing  Deutsche  Edison-Akkumulatoren-Co.  in  Berlin.  Among  the  items  for 
1911  is  a  24-page  synopsis  of  events  and  agreements  regarding  the 
manufacture,  sale,  and  organization  of  Edison's  storage  battery  interests, 
through  the  German  concern,  during  the  period  December  1903-May  1911. 
Also  included  are  documents  pertaining  to  an  inspection  of  the  German 
factory  conducted  by  A.J.  Doty  of  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Co.;  the 
resignation  of  H.  H.  Meno  Kammerhoff  and  his  subsequent  employment  by 
the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Co.  in  West  Orange;  Edison's  visit  to  Germany  in 
1911-  and  his  controversial  opinions  about  German  industry  and  business 
integrity.  In  addition  to  Edison  and  Bergmann,  the  correspondents  include 
Emil  Rathenau  of  Allgemeine  Elektricitats-Gesellschaft;  electrical  engineer, 
illuminating  company  executive,  and  longtime  Edison  associate  Charles  L. 
Edgar;  and  electrical  importer  and  Edison  associate  Philip  H.  Klein,  Jr. 

Approximately  90  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  consists  of  unsolicited  correspondence  and  duplicates  of 
selected  items. 

Machine  Department 
<55/  „pA/  /»!»« 

|  Bnn/%H 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq  jy  j  | 

Llewellyn  Park, 


Few  jersey. 

Hy  dear  Edison, 

The  time  has  now  come  when  I  can  go  no  further  with  the 
Deutsche  Edison  Co.,  and  I  am  at  the  end  of  ny  tether.  Kammerhoff 
has  resigned,  as  he  has  also  given  up  ail  hope  of  ever  being  able  to 
make  a  success  of  the  concern  over  here. 

Te  have  been  compelled  to  spend  our  time  making  nlokle 
oxide,  as  we|had  taken  contracts  for  the  supply  of  old  cells  which  had 
to  be  fulfilled,  and  we  have  not  even  yet  finished  with  them.  The 
new  battery  requires  muoh  oapital,  and  we  have  reached  our  limit  of 
three  millions  without  any  prospeot  of  obtaining  more ,  as  our  stock* 
holders  have  refused  to  put  any  more  money  Into  the  undertaking. 

Tou  will  have  seen  from  our  last  Balanoe  Sheet  bow  we  have 
Invested  the  money,  and  shat  Is  the  tangible  value  of  what  la  left. 

The  buildings  and  ground, of  course,  have  the  same  value  as  when  they  j 


. ; . . . .  _■  ...  ■  ;  ,7 


BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 


Thomaa  A.  Xdleon  Bsq  .,  Orange. 

were  first  'bought,  and  represent  about  t  500,000.-.  The  rest  has 
been  spent  In  manufacturing,  tools,  machinery,  and  a  good  deal  has 
been  swallowed  up  In  the  loss  we  have  incurred  through  having  to  keep 
the  plant  going.  Rogers  can  report  to  you  as  to  the  condition  of  the 
tools  and  plant,  and  I  wish  you  would  let  me  know  what,  you  think  would 
be  best  to  do  with  It. 

Unless  you  help  ub,  the  only  thing  for  us  to  do  Is  to. 
liquidate  and  shut  down  the  faotory,  sell  out,  and  Just  save  *hat  we 
can.  Have  you  any  Idea  whether  this  whole  plant  could  be  sold  out¬ 
right  to  your  Bnglish  friends?  Or  do  you  yourself  feel  Inclined  to 
found  a  new  Company  In  Germany,  for  the  purpose  of  pushing  your  battery 
all  over  the  whole  Continent,  taking  over  the  plant,  Including  tools 
for  the  new  battery  for  certain  outputs,  which  we  have  nearly  finished, 
but  which  It  scarcely  seems  worth  while  to  complete,  as  we  are  not  In 
a  position  to  oompOte  with  the  lead^attery. 

In  the  latter  case,  of  course,  I  shall  be  only  too  glad  to 
help  you  all  I  possibly  can,  but,  although  I  have  kept  up  my  oourage 
until  now,  I  see  hp  way  out  of  the  difficulty,  and  am  going  to  quit 
making  batteries.  it  certainly  seems  a  great  pity  that,  after  the 
last  six  years'  hard  struggle  and  work,  we  have  come  to  this  result,  and 
I  of  course  did  not  for  one  moment  expect,  when  I  took  over  the  con¬ 

tract  with  you,  that  matters  would  end  like  this.  In  any  oase,  I  oan 
comfort  myself  with  the  thought  that  I  and  my  colleagues  are  in  no  way 
to  blame  for  the  present  state  of  affairs,  as  we  have  all  ilong  spared 

BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 


ThomaB  A.  Xdiaon  Xaq Orange. 

no  effort  and  money  to  make  this  undertaking  a  good  oommerolal  eucoess, 
tut  our  tank  vaa  like  that  of  shovelling  mud  against  the  tide. 

Thin  continual  etruggle  and  worry  hae  made  me  haggard  and 
grey,  and  I  am  tired  of  It,  aa  thla  ie  the  first  time  In  all  my  career 
that  I  have  undertaken  anything  that  1  did  not  bring  to  a  successful 
Issue;  hut  I  do  not  care  so  much  about  this,  my  first  failure  -  for 
I  went  into  this  matter  with  my  eyes  wide  open,  when  you  first  proposed 
It  to  me,  and  am  prepared  to  hear  the  oonsequenoes  as  far  as  I  person¬ 
ally  am  concerned  -  as  about  the  responsibility  I  took  over  when  I 
reoommended  this  undertaking  to  my  friends. 

Hind,  I  do  not  intend  this  to  be  a  fault-finding  letter  -  as 
stated  above,  I  am  prepared  to  bear  the  consequences  of  my  own  action  - 
but  I  do  wish  you  would  let  me  know  openly  whether  you  can  suggest  any 
solution  of  the  difficulty,  otherwise  nothing  remains  for  us  to  do  but 
to  shut  down.  1  shall  be  glad  to  consider  any  proposal  you  have  to 
make.  Perhaps,  as  I  understand  you  are  Increasing  your  plant  continual¬ 
ly,  you  would  be  willing  to  take  over  this  plant  in  its  entirety,  and 
it  would  then  be  no  trouble  to  ship  It  to  America.  As  I  said  before, 
Bogers  can  give  you  details  as  to  the  condition  of  the  plant. 

Please  let  me  hear  from  you  by  return  of  mall,  for  the  matter 
Is  most  urgent. 

Tofu's  sincerely, 


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Machine  Department 

jiew  jersey. 

My  dear  Bdison, 

I  have  youra  of  January  21st,  and,  aa  you  wrote  me  that  you 
would  talk  to  Rogers  about  taking  over  our  tools  and  Jigs,  I  have 
waited  until  now  for  a  proposal  from  you  in  this  matter,  hut,  as  you 
have  trot  written,  I  thought  it  better  to  answer  your  letter,  because, 
as  I  wrote  you  before,  we  cannot  go  along  any  longer  as  we  are  doing. 

I  am  somewhat  aurpriBed  that  you  Bhould  write  me  that  it  1b 
not  adTl sable  to  manufactured!  Europe  at  all,  but  that  it  would  be 
cheaper  to  bw  the  cells  from  you  direct.  Of  courBe,  this  all  de¬ 
pends  on  the  price  you  will  quote  us.  Please,  therefore,  send  me 
prlceB  for  all  the  cells  you  now  have  on  the  market  immediately  on. 



Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq.,  Orange. 

receipt  letter,  together  with  the  guarantees  which  l  oan 

give  purchasers. 

Up  to  now,  I  havebeen  constantly  under  the  impression  that 
the  only  way  to  obtain  the  cells  cheaply  In  Europe  and  to  make  some 
money  would  he  to  manufacture  In  Germany,  and,  perhaps,  later,  in 
England  or  Prance.  As  you  will  »oolU8t.  1  g°  * 

with  the  expensive  machinery  for  f  illin^and  the  o  '  * 

until  you  wrote  me  that  you  could  not  supply  me  with  the  plates/Tas 
per  your  letter  of  June  21st,  1910,  in  which  it  is  stated  that  1  should 
make  the  flakes  far  cheaper  here  than  you  could  do. 

I  should,  of  course,  he  only  too  glad  if  I  could  see  my  way 
clear  to  work  under  better  conditione.  Before,  however,  I  stop 

manufacturing  entirely,  I  must  have  an  answer  from  you  to  the  moBt 
important  question!  Will  you  he  able  to  deliver  sufficient  cells 
in  due  time,  ifaspite  of  your  beihg  10,000  cells  behind  your  orders 
(as  you  have  written  me),  and,  if  so,  at  what  price  can  you  sell  us 
same  and  batteries  f.o.b.  Hew  York,  including  packing? 

With  regard  to  the  small  celle  for  lighting,  Bparklng  etc., 
your  Company  writes  me  in  a  letter  of  Eebruary  10th  of  this  year  that 
it  will  be  impossible  to  fill  our  orders  for  positive  plateB  for  some 
300  cells,  type  B  4  before  a  long  time,  because  you  are  a  thousand  of 
these  email  cells  behind.  Our  order  was  placed  as  early  ^  September 
1910,  and  we  have  not  yet  reoeived  •  single  plate  .  We  have|aaked 

BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 


A.  Edison  Es*. 


you  again  and  again  to  Bend  ub  some^but  without  any  reoult. 

If  x  any  cells  from  you,  it  would 

only  he  a  very  abort  time  before  we  should  have,  not  only  to  liquidate 
hut  also  to  go  into  bankruptcy;  it  would  practically  mean  going 
from  fire  ihto  hell. 

The  Italian  wavy  18  positively  prepared  to  give  us  an 
order  for  610  big  cells  of  a  capacity  of  4350  ampere  hourB.  As  soon 
as  the  tube  cells  which  we  sent  down  for  a  trial  this  month  have  been 
tested,  and  there  is  no  doubt  they  will  prove  satisfactory,  then  we 
are  sure  to  get  the  order.  We  shall  then  need  two  million  tubes. 
Please,  therefore,  let  me  know  at  once  whether  you  can  furnish  us 
these  tubes,  as  we  cannot  possibly  produce  them  ourselves,  as  we  have 
not  the  necessary  facilities  even  for  a  much  smaller  quantity  of  s  ame. 
Please  also  write  me  what  they  will  cost.  The  price  you  have  given 
us  for  the  small  quantity  you  have  sent  bo  far  is  much  too  high,  and 
no  doubt  you  can  do  better  if  you  get  such  a  Big  order. 

As  there  will  be  a  meeting  of  our  Shareholders  next  month, 

I  shall  be  obliged  to  explain  the  present  situation  fully,  and  show 
the  Stockholders,  especially  the  Deutsche  Bank,  how  matters  stand;  and 
unless  I  show  them  that  I  can  accept  your  offer  in  buying  batteries 
from  you  and  keep  the  Company  alive,  they  will  force  me  to  shut  down, 
liquidate,  and  get  out  of  business.  Please,  therefore,  let  me  know 
by  return  what  tools  and  JlgB  and  special  machinery  you  can  take  off 
my  hands,  and  I  can  then  make  you  a  price  for  the  same.  What  you 
can  take  over  is,  I  think,  all  the  punches,  dies,  the  flat  pocket 

BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 


Thomas  A.  Bdison  Esq.,  Orange. 

filling  machines,  the  few  tuhe-filling  mnhihes  which  we  have,  the 
tube- drawing  machine,  the  rollerB  for  perforating  the  stock,  the  canning 
machines,  the  rolling  apparatus,  the  perforated  strip  plating  machines, 
and  the  drums  for  flake  plating.  All  these;.  ,  I  am  sure,  you  can 
use,  and  Rogers  can  tell  you  that  they  are  all  very  carefully  made. 

Your  suggestion  to  Bhut-  down  and  only  Bell  the  batteries 

strikes  me  very  favourably,  only  we  have  to  be  sure,  as  I  said  above, 
that  you  can  furnish  the  cells  we  sell  here  at  Buch  prices  as  will 
enable  us  to  sell  them  and  still  make  a  little  profit. 

1  assure  you  once  more  that  the  situation  is  very  precarious 
and  is  becoming  very  uncomfortable  for  me  personally,  and  it  must  be 
decided  definitely  one  way  or  the  other  at  once.,  as  I  cannot  pacify 
the  people  interested  in  this  concern  any  longer. 

Sincerely  yours. 

N .  Y.  Maroh  13  /  11 

Hr.  T.  A.  Edison 

Dear  Sir: 



I  would  like  to  have  a  few  minutes  conversation  with  you 
on  a  subjeot  in  whloh  Mr.  Bergmann  is  interested  and  about  whioh  he 
has  written  me  that  perhaps  you  can  put  him  oh  the.  righ/ft  track . 

I  will  therefore  be  obliged  if  you  will  let  me  know  by 
mail  or  by  telephone  when  I  may  call  on  you  about  this  matter  and 
meanwhile  remain. 


Stf-  .  ”\  / 

My  dear  Edison, 

Mr.  Doddy  has  now  teen  here  for  some  time,  iftvostigatifcg 
the  plant  of  the  Edison  Accunulatoren-Co. ,  and  I  think  we  have  shown  • 

him  that,  as  we^stand  at  present,  we  cannot  go  on  any  longer. 

I  wish,  therefore,  you  would  make  us  a  proposition,  ae  to 
how  we  can  get  out  of  this  dilemma.  I  and  our  shareholders  are  of 
course  willing  to  lose  a  oertaln  amount  of  our  Investment,  aB  it  iB 
only  a  question  of  whether  you  will  help  us,  or  whether  we  shut  down. 

1  have  given  Ur.  Doddy  a  list  of  toolB  and  machihery  which  j 

are  available,  and  whidi  you,  or  any  concern  who  Is  willing  to  manu-  ; 

facture  these  batteries,  can  use,  and  Mr.  Rogers  can  check  and  corro¬ 
borate  this  list,  aB  he  aleo  knove exactly  what  the  condition  of  the 
vdiole  plant  ie.  \  ' 

BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 


Thomao  A.  Edison  Esq.,  Orange. 

We  have  had  an  open  talk  with  Mr.  Doddy,  and  he  can  report 
to  you  exactly  how  matters  stand. 

As  far  as  I  myself  am  concerned,  and  I  think  the  shareholders 
of  the  Deutsche-Edleon  will  agree  with  me  lh  thlB,  I  have  no  objection 
to  your  taking  over  this  plant  yourself,  or  to  anyone  else,  whom  you 
may  designate,  doing  so.  At  all  eventB,  we  all  want  to  get  out  of 
this,  and,  as  I  have  written  you  before,  I  cannot  pacify  the  share¬ 
holders  any  longer.  I  hav^been  pacifyitig  hhem  now  for  the  last  six 
years,  and  they  claim  -that  neither  you  nor  I  have  fulfilled  our  pro¬ 

I  think  that  you  and  Mr.  Doddy,  who  now  understands  the 
vhole  situation  thoroughly,  together  can  form  a  plan  to  make  our 
Company  some  proposal. 

The  total  loss  so  far  on  the  whole  capital  Is  $  275,000  — , 
and  the  available  assets,  special  machinery,  tools,  and  special  plant, 
are  t  116,000.-  This  only  Includes  the  special  buildihg  which  had  to 
be  put  up  for  the  chemical  plant,  but  not  the  ordinary  factory  build¬ 
ings'  and  the  ground,  the  value  of  which  you  can  Bee  from  the  Statement 
and  Balance  Sheet  which  we  send  you  every  year. 

Al*  the  I  750,000.-  has  been  paid  In,  as  you  will  Bee,  with 
the  exception  of  15^. 

Now,  Edison,  I  wish  you  would  take  this  up  in  earnest  and 

help  me  to  get  out  of  this  dilemma  as  soon  as  possible,  as  nobody  wants 
or,,,  rnmev  In+.n  t.he  concern,  and.  If  YOU  do  not  help  me,  it 


BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 

Thorns  A.  Edison  Esq  .,  Llewellyn  Parte ,  Orange. 

mean*  simply  shutting  down  and  a  bigger  Iobb  than  if  we  could  come 
to  some  solution  of  the  difficulty  quickly,  and  do  something  one  way 
or  the  other,  for  the  plant  1b  worth  more  in  operation  than  if  it  1b 
diut,  down,  even  if  only  for  a  short  time. 

I,  of  course,  should  have  Bhut  down  long  ago,  if  it  had  not 
been  that  I  was  still  hoping  that  we  should  he  able  to  pull  through, 
and  if  it  had  not  been  for  your  and  my  reputations,  as  this  is  really 
the  first  time  in  my  life  that  I  have  undertaken  anythihg  which  I  did 
not  bring  to  a  successful  issue. 

As  you  are  aware,  my  concern  (not  the  Deutsche  Xdlson  Co*^ 
took  up  the  manufacture  of  automobiles  for  the  purpose  of  introducing 
the  Edison  battery  on  to  the  market  .  This,  of  course,  goes  lb  con¬ 
junction  with  the  battery  business ,  and,  if  no  more  batteries  are  made, 
mo  more  eleotrlc  cars  will  be  built. 

I  am,  therefore,  sending  you  a  complete  Bet  of  the  drawings 
of  the  con struot ions  of  the® electromoblles,  which  I  think  are  superior 
to  anything  you  have  over  there.  You  can  make  use  of  these  drawings 
freely  at  your  own  will,  and  in  fact,  if  you  wish  it,  I  can  also  send 

you  patterns  for  same,  as  soon 

3  1  have  collected  them  from  the 

foundry  and  fixed  them  up,  and  you  can  also  use  these  without  any  ex¬ 
pense  to  yourself. 

We  have  altogether  built  about  one  hundred  of  these  waggons. 
With  regard  to  the  big  battery  for  submarines,  Mr.  Doddy  has 
seen  the  first  two  cells,  and  will  bring  photos  and  data  with  him. 

BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 

SShomaB  A.  Edison  Esq 

the  two  cells  which  we  have  Unlit  are,  as  I  have  already  written  you, 
intended  for  the  Italian  Navy,  and,  If  we  are  successful  in  obtaining 

the  order  I  mentioned  In  my  last  letter,  v^nust  see  If  you  can  perhaps 
or  the  Italian  Navy 
furnish  us^wlth  the  cells  direct. 

Hoping  to  hear  from  you  by  return  of  post,  I  am, 

0S  /  \  /  p  C«^^,wu3 

,  V  23- 3z  QywJjiAAsasiJsin/  'Mr~ 

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March  24,  1911* 

S.  Bergmann,  Esq., 

23-32  Oudenarder  Str. , 

Berlin,  II. ,  Germany. 

My  doar  Bergmann: 

Perhaps  you  had  hotter  have  Kline  come  over 
and  see  what  wo  ore  doing  in  tho  battery-  To-day  we  aro 
12,000  cells  bohind  ordors,  notwithstanding  we  make  365  cells 
per  day.  By  April  15th  we  will  turn  out  BOO  colls  per  day, 
and  1  am  making  machinery  to  run  it  up  to  2,000  oells-  This 
is  no  romance:  Kline  con  verify.  We  aro  replacing  lead  bat¬ 
teries  at  $800.00  when  the  same  people  can  buy  the  lead  at 
§210.00  and  these  people  have  used  both  load  and  Edison. 

There  is  no  use  giving  you  the  reasons  why  they  do  so;  it 
would  take  too  long-  Perhaps  X  could  sum  it  up  in  tho  remark 
made  by  the  Superintendent  of  Hearn  &  Go.  that  "A  few  hundred 
dollars  more  or  Iobb  prioe|botweon  two  types  of  battery  was  of 
no  onnsequence  to  them  if  they  got  reliability  end  mileage, 
whioh  they  did  with  tho  Edison  battery,  and  he  believed  that 
the  Edison  battery  was  much  ohoapor  in  the  end  than  a  load 
battery  any  way." 

How  Bergmann,  I  think  X  had  bettor  not  advise  you 
what  to  ao  in  connection  with  the  German  battery  situation, 
beoauBe  I  do  not  know  all  the  conditions. 

I  havo  not  ohanged  my  mind  in  the  slightest  partiou- 



3.  Borgmonn-  2. 

lar  as  to  the  future  of  the  battery — its  ubo  will  ho  onormous. 

I  havo  sent  you  oolls  and  tubes,  lithia,  oto.,  to 
help  you  out,  hut  Klino  will  learn  that  wo  had  to  ao  it  hy 
withholding  shipments  to  others. 

I  have  had  figures  gotten  out  so  as  to  make  you  a 
prioe  on  iron  pookots  and  niokol  tubes,  which  1b  the  most  dif¬ 
ficult  part  of  tho  whole  business. 

By  not  oharging  any  ovorhoad  expenses ,  I  could  ship 
weekly,  if  taken  in  quantity,  at  the  following  prices: 

lubes  complete,  A4  typo,  $43.20  per  thousand. 

Iron  Pockets  complete,  A4  typo,  §15.36  per  thousand. 

Those  prioos  include  royalty,  f.o.b.  Factory  Orange, 
paoking  extra. 

At  these  prices  I  only  charge  repairs  on  tools, 
depreciation  on  tools  and  interest,  labor  and  material,  to 
which  I  add  12?S  profit — no  general  expense-  In  time  we  will 
probably  bo  able  to  materially  roduoo,  as  we  are  constantly 
experimenting  to  'reduce  costs. 

Making  those  tubes  horo  will  requiro  a  very  consider¬ 
able  inveBtmont  of  monoy  on  my  part,  should  your  ordors  roaoh 
large  proportions. 

If  you  buy  tubes  and  pockets,  tho  work  in  the  Borman 
faotory  would  bo  a  more  nothing. 

I  havo  talked  to  Rogers  and  he  says  we  could  not  use 
tho  tools  or  machines  you  have,  as  our  maohines  have  been  so 
oonBtantly  improved,  as  well  aB  methods  and  dies,  that  they 
would  not  work  in  our  system. 


S.  Borgmann-  3. 

As  to  shipping  completed  cells  instead  of  tube  s  end 
pookets,  wo  would  supply  a  limited  numb or  untJl  such  times 
as  our  oapacity  is  brought  to  1000  cells  daily,  which  will 
be  about  August* 

Yours  very  truly. 






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.  .  . 



1  NY  H  79  Collect 
CB  New  York  Apl  34- 
T'nos  A  Ndison  , 

r,,1Harm  Wpw  York  wire  when  did  you  send  answer  to  my  letter 
March  33rd  Is  very  urgent  Am  now  positively  compelled  to  give  up 
making  batteries  and  shut  down  factory  after  you  in 
24  th  Have  raised  price  for  tubes  over  fifty  »e^nM^sfiyenicentf 
instead  of  helping  us  If  you  supply  tubes  for  two  point  five  cents 
could  accept  orders  for  submarine  batteries  and  try  to  keep  up 
little  longer.  _  , ■ 

Bergmann , Berlin  - 

813  AM 

(2,$.  O»r^iY«0-nin 

Cable  Aoorcbs*  "  ZY  MOTIC .  N  EW  YO 



l^motnaft  Cl  CdiOon-, 



.  Hiller, 


rate  for 

In  accordance  with  your  instructions,  I  have  forwarded  the  follow- 
to  Hr.  Bergraanh;—-  . 



Bergmann:-  The  prices  quoted  on  tubes  are  the  lowest  possible;  leaves 
no  profit.  We  got  hundred  twenty  five  dollars  kilowatt  hour  throe  hour 

submarines  eighth  inch  tubes.  V  .  . 

You  will  note  the  first  sentence  has  been  slightly  changed,  in  order  to  code 
a,  but  I. am  sure  the  sense  has  not  in  any  way  been  destroyed. 

I  return  to  you  Hr.  Bergrmum's  cable  addressed  to  Hr.  Edison. 

Yours  very  truly. 



Dear  Sir, 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favour  of  the  27th  ult.,  and  am 
pleased  to  note  that  Mr.  Edison  le  having  some  samples  of  tungste 
wire  sent  me  . 

I  would  ask  you  to  convey  my  heet  thankB  to. Mr.  Edison 
for  same  ,  sndjremain, 

My  dear  Edison, 

I  enclose  you  herewith  synopsis  of  the  whole  hiBtory  of  the 
•Deutsche  Edison  Company,  with  the  short-comings,  contradictions,  and 
non-fulfilments  of  promises  which  you  have  made  during  the  last  six 
years.  This  summary  has  been  asked  for  hy  the  Executive  Committee  and 
principle  Shareholders  cf  the  Deutsche  Edison  Company,  and  has  been 
drawn  up  hy  Mr.  Kammerhoff  • 

How,  Edison,  if  you  really  mean]to  help  me  out  of  this  scrape, 
you  must  do  so  at  once,  as  I  am  placed  in  a  very  ugly  position.  As 
you  are  no  douht  aware,  I  have  exchanged  the  following  telegrams  with 
Mr.  Doty,  who,  I  presume,  is  your  representative  and  is  acting  in  your 

BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 


ffrom  Doty 

26.4.  Bavourabl e  proBpectB. 
Purchase  propoeal  Satur¬ 
day  -  Doty 

3.5.  $  X0000,  now  $  90000, 

possession  60  days  -  Doty 

5.5.  Propose  purchase  capital 
stock  company  name  price  -  Doty . 

To  Doty. 

1.5.  Have  not  received  purchase 
proposal.  Our  Stockholders 
want  to  take  final  steps. 
Answer  ty  cable  -  Bdisoncell 

4.5.  Refer  to  your  cablegram 
3rd.  Can  read  your  tele¬ 
gram  by  code,  but  do  not 
understand  It.  What  do 
you  expect  lo  buy  for 
100  000  Doll.?  Bdisoncell. 

9.5.  We  have  Invested  #  750.000 
Including  all  property  and 
whole  plant.  Are  willing 
to  lose  I  250.000  and  tunr 
over  whole  capital  stock 
of  $  750,000,  Biibject  to 
approval  of  Deutsche  Bank. 
Make  a  definite  offer  for 
my  negociations. 

Unfortunately,  I  have  not  yet  received  a  reply  to  this  last  telegram, 

and,  until  I  do  eo,  my  hands  are  naturally  utterly  tied,  as  1  have  no 

definite  proposal  to  lay  before  my  Shareholders.  1  trust,  therefore. 

that  this  reply  will  soon  come  to  hand,  as  the  position  here  1b  becoming' 

more  serious  every  day.  Iam  not  the  man  to  squeel;  but  it  is  not 

bo  much  for  my  own  loss  that  I  am  fighting  now  -  although  X  am  not  so 

rich  as  to  be  able  to  bear  such  losses  with  equanimity  -  but  it  is 

more  for  the  Shareholders  and  for  your  and  my  reputations  in  the  eyeB 
of  the  Deutsche  Bank  aid  their  asseiates  an*  other  influential  people 

over  here. 

You  no  doubt  remember,  when  I  returned  to  Germany  from  America 
in  1904,  with  the  scheme  for  starting  an  Bdison  Battery  Company  over 
here,  that  it  was  only  on  the  strength  of  the  figures  you  gave  me  in 
your  own  handwriting  that  I  was  able  to  persuade  the  Deutsche  Bank  and 


BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 


others  to  come  in  and  form  this  Company.  Your  estimate  of  the  coat 
and  profits  of  the  battery  and  its  manufacture  reads  as  follows 
"I  figure  out  the  prdfts  which  the  German  Coi:  will  in  all 
■probability  make  - 

"If  the  factory  makeB  300  cells  <18  plate)  per  day,  costing  we 
fwlll  say  *  6. —  per  cell  and  selling  for  $  10.—  ,  which  iB 
■the  price  we  sell  in  America,  the  gross  profit  for  one  year 
"of  300  days  should  be  1360  000.—  Deducting  the  royalty 
"of  60  cents  per  cell,  amounting  to  *  54  000.,  there  remains 
"•  306,00.  Deducting  six '.per  cent  dividend  to  the  Shareholders 
■on  the  capital,  which  is  *  45  000.,  there  remains  $  261  000., 
■One  third  of  this  amount  going  to  German  Co.  is  S  87  000.- 
"Therefore  the  gross  profit  to  German  Co.  is 

6^  Dividend . •*  45,000  — 

Proportion  surplus  profits  . *  87.000  — 

*132,000  — 

"Approximately  17-J-  per  cent  on  the  stock.  In  my  opinion,  the 
■proposed  capital  is  sufficient  for  a  factory  including  chemical 
■Works  for  mfg.  600  cells  daily  in  that  case  the  surplus 
"profits  going  to  the  German  Co.  would  be  twice  as  great: 

Dividend  6# . *  45,000  — 

Proportion  of  Surplus  profits  .  - *174.000  — 

*  219,000  — 

■  or  approximately  29/£  on  the  Capital  Stock. 

Thos.  A.  Edison, 

BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 

I  „  you  thl.  Juul  in  c...  you  InU  no.  »  copy  to  you, 

„d  .hop*.  h»  forgotten  to  «...  »  ...  n,.o  .  ...«« 
hopes  at  the  t ime* 

You  will  doubtless  also  remember  that,  beyond  the  money  X  am 
losing  on  this  Deutsche  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company,  there  Is  also 
*  40,000.oo  to  *  50.000.oo  which  I  paid  you  and  Mr.  Dick  for  the 
interests  I  hold  in  the  European  Patent  Company,  which  has  also,  up 
to  the  present,  been  a  co^lete  failure  .  X  have  never  mentioned  this 
deal  to  you  since,  nor  have  I  ever  heard  a  wont  mor^regarding  same, 

or  any  result  of  the  investment. 

Now,  Edison,  I  am  very  sorry'  to  have  to  bother  and  worry  you, 
but,  as  X  have  written  you  before,  I  do  not  know  what  to  do,  so  I 
sincerely  hope  you  will  see  your  way  clear  to  help  me  out  of  this  hole. 
As  I  know  that  you  are  a  flm  believer  in  your  battery,  and  as,  in 
fact,  I  am  myself  sure  that  you  will  in  the  end  come  out  on  top,  you 
ffiust  surely  be  able  to  make  use  of  our  plant  here;  the  prop^and 
buildings  I  can  possibly  dispose  of,  even  at  somewhat  les^than  the 
original  cost,  if  you  or  your  party  do  not  want  to  carry  on  manufactur¬ 
ing  over  here. 

Will  you  please  telegraph  me  immediately  oh  receipt  of  this 
letter  what  you  can  do,  or  that  you  will  send  somebody  over  at  once, 
with  your  instructions  and  with  power  to  settle  this  matter  up,  and  I 
should  be  very  thankful  to  you  and  not  forget  that  you  h a, e  helped  me 
out  of  this  scrape. 

^urs  sincerely, 


o  f 

Correspondence  and  Verbal  Negoclations  with  Mr.  EdiBon 
before  and  after  the  formation  of  the 
•Deutsche  Edison  Akkuraulatoren-Company,  O.m.b.H. 

— — — “O0o-— —  — — 

Mr.  Edison  wrote  to  Mr.  Bergmann  on  December  7th,  1903, 
that  the  last,  and,  at  the  same  time,  the  worst  existing  difficul¬ 
ty  had  been  overcome.  The  machines  for  filling  the  pockets  had 
been  put  into  operation  on  the  day  the  letter  v/as  dated,  and  in 
the  following  week  It  would  be  possible  to  proceed,  with  the  oon- 
vlctlon  that  everything  was  In  beBt  order,  and  that  every  defect 
in  the  battery  had  been  removed. 

In  the  meantime,  up  to  the  summer  of  1904,  verbal 
negociatlons  took  place  between  Mr.  Bergmann  and  Ur.  Edison,  the 
result  of  which  was  that  Mr.  Edison  authorised  Hr.  Bergmann,  by 
letter  dated  September  30th,  1904,  to  form  a  Company  In  Germany 
to  manufacture  the  Edison  battery  and  exploit  the  patents  In  that 
country.  Thie  authorisation  was  to  the  effect  that  Mr. 

Bergmann  should  start  the  German  Company  within  seven  months, 
dating  from  September  30th.  Mr.  Edison  detailed  the  general 
terms  and  the  Btyle  of  contract  he  would  be  willlhg  to  make  with 
the  Sennan  Company.  At  the  same  time,  Ur.  Edison  remarked  In 
his  letter  of  Beptenfcer  30th,  1904  that  he  was  In  a  position  to 
supply  the  active  material  for  a  oell  of  115  empire  hours,  l.e., 
type  l  tor  >  US.  ■  M«  B«4*»  that  ta  a  “hort 

time  to  be  reduce  this  cost. 

Baaed  on  the  above-mentioned  price,  the  corresponding 
price  for  the  standard  cell  type  H  27  made  later  in  Germany  would 
anoint  to  M.  8.19.  In  addition,  Mr.  Edison  remarked  that  he 



wouldbe  prepared  to  supply  the  act  immaterial  to  the  German 
Company  at  25^  above  manufacturing  cost,  and  for  as  long  a  period 
until  the  German  Compaq  should  he  In  a  position  to  manufacture 
tho  activ^materlal  themselveB. 

In  a  letter  of  the  next  day,  in  hlB  own  handwriting, 
dated  October  1st,  1904,  Mr.  Edison  expressed  In  detail  his  ex¬ 
pectations  with  regard  to  the  prosperity  of  the  Germai  undertaking. 

This  letter  reads  as  follows  :- 
"Bergmann ! 

I  f  igure]out  the  profits  which  the  German  Co .  will 
"lh  all  probability  make 

"If  the  factory  makes  300  cells  (18  plate)  per  day 
"costing  we  will  say  $  6.  per  cell  and  selling  for 
■$  10.  which  is  the  priccjwe  sell  in  America,  the 
"gross  profit  for  one  year  of  300  days  should  be 
•*  360  000.-  Deducting  the  royalty  of  60  cents 
"per  cell  amounting  to  t  54  000.,  there  remains 
»|  306  000.  Deducting  six  per  cent  dividend  to  the 
•Stockholders  on  the  capital  whidi  is  t  45  000., 

■there  remains  $  261  000.  One  third  of  this 
•amount  going  to  German  Co.  is  $  87  000.- 
■Therefore  the  gross  profit  to  Germai  Co.  is 

dividend . *  45,000 

Proportion  surplus  profits - - - -  >  87,000, 

•  132,000 

"approximate  17 on  the  stock.  In  my  opinion  . 
•the  proposed  capital  iB  sufficient  for  a  factory 
•including  chemical  Borks  for  mfg.  600  veils 
•daily.  In  that  case  the  surplus  profits 
•going  to  die  German  Co.  would  be  twice  as  great 



»  Dividend  6^ . •  46,000 

Proportion  of  sutq>lus  profit  .  .  ■  t  174,000 - 

$  819,000  — 

■or  approximately  29/  on  the  capital  stock. 

ThOB.  A.  Edison." 

The  turnover  mentioned  ih  thlB  letter  corresponds  to 
the  manufacture  of  200  and  400  cells  respectively  of  the  type  H  Zff. 
Mr.  Edison,  therefore,  assuned  that.  In  all  proh ability,  the 
estimated  results  could  he  commercially  obtained  in  Germany,  and 
stated  that  a  capital  of  M.  3.000.000  --  would  suffice  to  obtain 
this  end. 

On  the  basis  of  this  information,  Mr.  Bergmann  was  able 
to  interest  the  Deutsche  Bank,  aB  well  as  Bank  Director  Eritz 
GUnther,  and  other  smaller  Shareholders,  sufficiently  for  the 
formation  of  a  German  Company,  so  that  they  declared  their  read¬ 
iness  to  acoept  the  agreement  submitted  by  Mr  .  Edison.  In  order 
to  expedite^natters  as  much  as  possible,  Mr.  Bergmann  had,  in 
th^meantlme,  before  the  end  of  the  year  1904,  leased  the  factory 
and  ground  Drontheimerstrasse  35/38,  whidi  was  later  purchased, 
and  at  the  same  time  had  commenced  to  lnstal  machine  tools  and 
also  to  make  the  necessary  tools  for  the  manufacture^  the 
batteries . 

The  latter  was  possible  after  Mr.  Edison  had  allowed 
the  foreman  engaged  by  Mr.  Bergmain  to  £±udy  the  manufacturing 
methods  in  the  Shops  In  ITew  Jersey. 

Mr.  Edison  stated  in  letters  dated  November  28th  and 
29 til,  1904,  that,  in  the^batterles  made  up  to  that  time,  serious 
defects  had  developed  and  that,  in  consequence,  he  felt  compelled 
to  stop  manufacturing  the  type  E  cell  and  to  close  down  his  Shops 
as  far  as  the  manufacture  of  further  cells  was  concerned.  The 
defects  in  queetioh  consisted  mainly  ih  leakage  of  the  cans,  and, 
further,  the  oapaclty  of  the  cells  differed  considerably,  and  also 
short— circuits  occurred  between  thej?lates,  but,  in  the  opinion 



of  Hr.  Edison,  these  defects  would  he  avoided  in  the  Improved 
type  H  cell,  which  was  to  he  manufactured  in  Germany. 

In  a  later  letter,  dated  December  9th,  1904,  Mr. 

Edison  again  reiterated  that  he  did  not  propose  to  manufacture 
further  hatt’eriee  before  the  cause  of  the  defects  had  been  dis¬ 
covered,  and  removed,  and,  further,  remarked  that  he  expected 
every  day  to  overcome  the  difficulties  in  question. 

In  a  number  of  letters  written  between  October  up  to 
the  end  of  December  1904,  Mr.  Bergmann  kept  Mr.  Edison  continually 
informed  that  the  factory  in  Germany  was  working  on  the  preparation 
of  the  tools  and  that  good  progress  was  being  made. 

On  January  11th,  1905,  Mr.  Edison  wrote  that  he  hoped 
to  find  the  cause  for  the  losejln  capacity  of  individual  cells 
shortly.  He  recommended  that,  for  the  time  being,  only  the  tools 
be  made,  but  no  cells  manufactured,  and  expressed  the  opinion 
that  the  tools  which  were  being  made  in  accordance  with  drawings 
supplied  by  him  would  need  no  alteration,  and  that  the  new  cell 
type  H,  as  it  would  be  manufactured  in  accordance  with  his  wishes 
in  Germany,  would  fulfil  itsipurpose . 

On  March  21st,  1905,  Mr.  Edison  stated  that  he  was 
having  new  patent  applications  worked  out,  aid  that  all  parts  of 
the  cell,  as  manufactured  up  to  then,  would  remain  unchanged,  with, 
the  exception  of  the  positive  plates,  which  were  being  altered. 

On  January  23rd,  1905,  Mr.  Edison  was  requested  by  let¬ 
ter  to  Bend  active  material,  in  order  to  enable  teBts  to  be  made 
with  filling  pooketB.  He  replied,  however,  on  March  28th,  1905, 
that  he  was  not  able  to  send  active  material,  and  that,  apart 
from  this,  he  would  not  do  so,  even  if  he  could,  as  he  wished  to 
prevent  similar  mistake  also  being  made  in  Germany. 

Naturally,  as  a  result  of  this  refusal  on  Mr.  Edison's 
part  to  send  active  material  for  experimental  purposes,  it  was 
impossible  to  proceed  with  despatch  with  the  work  lh  Germany. 



On  April  19th,  1905,  Mr.  EdlBon  wote  that  he  was 
making  good  progress  with  his  work,,  and  that  he  hoped,  In  a  few 
dayB,  to  report  on  the  alterations  that  were  necessary  to  the 
new  oell. 

At  the  same  time,  Mr.  Edison  again  pointed  out  that 
he  could  not  possibly  eend  active  material  for  tiie  preparation 
of  cells  io  Germany.  In  consequence,  nothing  further  could  be 
done  but  to  await  the  development  of  affaire  In  America. 

On  June  22nd,  1905,  eeveral  gridB  and  perforated  stripe 
for  making  pookete  were  sent  to  Mr.  Edison,  In  order  to  show  him 
the  progress  that  had  been  made  with  the  tools  In  Germany.  On 
July  26th,  Mr.  Edison  wrote  with  regard  to  tests  made  at  that 
time  with  the  new  type  of  cell,  and  pointed  out  that  the  cell 
was  much  stronger  and  had  a  longer  life,  as  compared  to  the  former 
oell  type  E.  The  oost  of  producing  a  cell  of  150  ampere  hours* 
oapaolty  he  said  to  be  only  M.  4  —  more  than  for  the  older  type, 
having  a  capacity  of  115  ampere  hours.  Mr.  Edison  wrote  further 
that  the  tools  made  in  Germany  could  be  used  without  alteration 
for  the  manufaotureof  the  new  cell,  and  that  it  would  only  be 
necessary  to  make  BOme  additional  tools. 

The  tests  made  in  Germany  went  to  Bhow  that  the  welding 
machines  sipplled  by  Mr.  Edison  for  welding  the  oanB  were  not  up 
to  the  mark.  In  consequence,  we  adopted  the  acetelyne  method  of 
welding,  vhlch  had  considerable  advantages  ae  oompared  to  the 
eleotrle  welding  machines,  so  that  the  latter  were  discarded. 

Jurther,  the  completion  of  the  tools  had  advanoed  to 
such  an  estent  that,  in  order  not  to  stop  work  altogether,  it  wae 
neoeeeary  to  receive  further  particulars  from  Mr.  Edison. 

At  the  same  time,  the  patent  action  Edison  versus  Jungner 
had  been  definitely  concluded  by  the  declaration  of  invalidity  of 
the  fundamental  patent  of  Jungner  in  Oermany.  It  thus  appeared 
neoeeeary  to  take  energetic  steps  to  prooeed  with  Ihe  manufacture 



of  the  Edison  battery  In  Germany. 

In  aonsoquence,  Ur.  Bergmann  deeided  to  go  to  America 
In  Jebruary  1906,  In  order  to  convince  himself  pereonally  udiat 
could  be  done  in  order  to  avoid  further  loss  of  time  and  money. 

On  the  ocoaelon  of  this  visit  in  Amerioa,  it  was  evident  that  the 
production  of  the  new  type  cell  on  a  manufacturing  scale  wae  at 
that  time  not  to  be  thought  of.  The  machines  for  filling  the 
round  pockets  used  in  the  new  cell  were  not  ocnplete,  and  many 
questions  in  connection  with  the  tools  required  therefor  still 
unsettled.  In  view  of  Hr.  Bergmann' s  remarks,  Hr.  Edison  then 
deoided  to  give  his  consent  to  the  manufacture^  the  type  H  cell 
in  Germany.  Upon  this,  the  work  still  remaining  to  be  done 
was  hurried  forward  as  fast  as  possible,  and,  in  consequence,  in 
August  1906,  it  was  possible  for  the  first  time  to  prepare  a 
schedule  of  the  probable  manufacturing  costs  in  Oermany. 

This,  however,  went  to  show  that  they  would  be  consider¬ 
ably  higher  than  the  manufacturing  costs  assuned  by  Mr.  Edison 
in  his  letter  of  *ctober  lBt,  1904.  The  main  oause  of  thlB  lay 
in  the  fact  that  Mr.  Edison  charged  so  much  more  for  the  material 
supplied  by  his  chemloal  Works  than  he  had  assumed  in  the  first 
lnstmce.  He  had  assuned  the  price  of  M.  8,90  for  active 
material  for  a  cell  H  27,  while  the  amount  aotually  charged  by 
him  was  M.  16.32.  On  the  other  hand,  it  was  not  possible  to 
settle  li.  63  —  as  the  selling  prioe  in  Oermany  for  the  H  27  cell, 
although  this  would  present  no  difficulty  for  American  conditions, 
and,  in  consequence,  we  were  very  soon  compelled  to  be  content  with 
a  grass  sslllng  pries  of  M.  45  —  for  the  H  27  csll.  In  con¬ 
sequence, ose  a  serious  discrepancy  between  the  manufactur¬ 
ing  cost  and  the  Bailing  price,  so  that,  owing  to  the  higi  prices 
that  had  to  be  paid  to  Mr.  Edison  for  the  aotive  material,  the 
manufacturing  ooet  of  the  oell  H  27  amounted  to  rihout  M.  4  1  — . 



There  could,  therefore,  he  no  question  of  profit,  hut  only  of 
supplying  the  market  to  a  limited  degree  with  cells  at  a  loss, 
in  order  not  to  keep  the  factory  and  Its  staff  Idle,  and  to  lose 
time  U8ele8ely. 

According  to  Mr.  EdlBon's  opinion,  It  had,  further,  to 
he  takBn  into  account  that  the  new  cell  could  he  manufactured 
within  a  short  time,  so  that  condition b  would  then  he  considerably 

It  was  duly  taken  into  consideration  whether  it  would 
he  possible  to  stop  manufacturing  in  Germany  altogether  until  the 
manufacture  of  the  new  cell  could  he  taken  up.  Such  a  proceeding, 
however,  did  not  appear  opportune,  as  i^vas  to  he  feared  that, 
in  consequence,  the  reputation  of  the  Edison  battery  in  Europe  would 
suffer  to  an  irremediable  extent. 

On  addressing  Mr.  Edison  on  the  subject,  he  replied  on 
October  26th,  1906,  that  he  was  well  aware  that  the  prices  charged 
for  active  material  were  high,  hut  that  he  could  not  alter  this 
statejof  affairs,  as,  owing  to  the  Chemical  Works  not  being  fully 
occupied,  the  establishment  charges  were  very  high,  hut  that,  at 
a  later  date,  considerable  improvement  might  he  expected  in  this 

On  Hovember  19th,  1906,  Mr.  Bergmann  wrote  to  Mr.  EdiBon 
that  matters  oould  not  he  continued  in  the  present  faBhion,  as 
this  would  simply  mean  ruin  to  the  German  Company.  Mr.  Bergmann 
pointed  out  that  the  establishment  charges  were  very  high,  and 
that  something  must  be  done  in  order  to  prevent  further  lose.  Mr. 
Bergmann  propessd  that  the  German  Company  should  take  up  the  manu¬ 
facture  of  elsetric  ears,  in  order  to  improve  the  situation.  On 
Deeeniber  Bth,  Mr.  Edison,  hoaevsr,  replied  that  he  oould  not  give 
hie  consent  to  the  proposition  that  the  German  Company  should 
take  up  the  manufacture  of  other  articles  then  batterlee. 

On  DecWber  16th,  1906,  Mr.  Bergmann  wrote  to  Mr.  Edison 



acknowledging  receipt  of  hie  letter  declining  to  give  hie  consent. 
Mr.  Bergmann  pointed  out  that,  even  If  manufacturing  were  to  be 
stopped,  nevertheless  heavy  expenses  would  continue.  Mr.  Berg¬ 
man  further  asked  whether  Mr.  Edison  could  not  Bend  particulars 
for  making  the  tools  for  the  new  Battery,  in  order  that  the  staff 
and  workmen  of  the  Herman  Company  might  he  occupied,  as  they 
could  notfae  dlacharged.  On  Aprll27th,  1907,  Mr.  Beremann  Informed 
Mr.  Edison  that  he  could  not  possibly  wait  any  longer,  and  that 
he  would,  therefore,  come  to  America,  In  order  to  negooiate  with 
Mr.  Edison  personally;  and,  further,  that  he  would  bring  Mr. 
Kammerhoff  with  him,  in  order  that  the  latter  might  study  the  de¬ 
tails  of  the  new  cell  on  the  spot.  In  connection  with  the  inves¬ 
tigation  s  made  in  June  and  July  in  Orange,  Mr  .Edison  then  wrote 
on  July  22nd,  1907,  that  he  considered  the  new  cell  sufficiently 
advanced  to  advise  us  to  commence  manufacturing  same  slowly.  In 
addition,  Mr.  Edison  gave  the  German  Company  permission  to  sell 
batteries  everywhere  ih  Europe  and  also  in  England,  for  the 
petiod  of  one  year. 

The  actual  manufacturtjof  the  new  cell  in  the  simmer  of 
1907  was,  however,  out  of  the  question,  as  neither  the  toolB  nor 
the  special  machines  were  sufficiently  developed.  At  Mr.  EdiBon* s 
suggestion,  on  the  other  hand,  the  necessary  tools  for  the  new 
cell  were  taken  in  hand,  and,  in  addition,  the  manufacture  of  the 
old  type  H  cell  web  continued  in  order  not  to  leave  the  factory 
and  Btaff  unoccupied  until  the  new  cell  was  ready  for  ihe  market. 

In  addition,  it  waB  arranged  with  Hr.  Edison  that  he  should  send, 
as  soon  as  possible,  a  tube-filling  machine  to  Germany,  so  that 
similar  machines  could  be  taken  in  hand  on  this  side. 

The  plan  to  improve  the  unsatisfactory  commercial 
position  of  the  German  Company  by  making  dectric  cars  in  addition 
to  the  batteries  could  not  be  consummated,  as  Mr.  Edison  declined 
to  give  his  consent  to  euch  extra  work  being  undertaken. 



On  October  15th,  1907,  Mr.  Bergmann  enquired  by  telegram 
and  By  letter  whether  Mr.  Edieon  had  despatched  the  filling 
machines.  0»  October  29th,  1907,  Mr.  Edison  replied  that  he 
had  had  a  filling  machine  packed  on  the  same  day,  aid  that  he 
believed  that  he  would  be  able  to  give  Mr.  Bergipann  the  order  for 
making  the  necessary  machines  for  a  battery  factory  in  England. 

On  January  8th,  1908,  Mr.  Bergmann  wrote  to  Mr.  Edison 
that  he  had  as]®d  several  times  for  nickel  flakes,  but  had  not 
received  them,  and  at  the  same  time  Mr.  Bergmann  asked  for  per¬ 
mission  to  be  able  to  continue  the  sale  of  Edison  batteries  in 
Europe  and  England  until  about  December  31st,  1908,  or  longer. 

On  January  23rd  1908,  Mr.  Edison  replied  that  Mr. 
Bergmann  appeared  to  think  that  rapid  progress  was  being  made  in 
America.  Mr.  Edison  said,  however,  that  he  had  only  just  been 
in  a  position  to  erect  the  apparatus  for  preparing  nickel  flakes, 
and  that  it  would,  in  consequence,  take  ten  or  fourteen  days 
before  he  would  be  able  to  send  several  pounds  of  these  flakes. 

On  the  other  hand,  however,  he  stated  that  a  small  cample  would  be 
sent  at  once. 

On  January  27th,  1906,  Mr.  Edison  wrote  to  Mr.  Beremann>' 
that  he  had  received  a  telegram  in  which  Mr.  Bergmann  asked  for 
several  sanple  cells  of  the  new  type  with  round  pocketB  .  Mr. 
Edison  remarked  that  he  had  not  completed  any  new  cells,  and, 
further,  did  not  know  when  they  v/ould  be  ready.  Ab  soon  as  the 
new  type  of  cell,  however,  should  be  sufficiently  advanced,  he 
would  send  a  sairple  to  Germany,  and  believed  that  tie  first  cell 
would  be  ready  in  *out  four  weeks. 

On  March  6th,  1908,  Mr.  Bergmann  wrote  to  Mr.  Oilmore 
that  he  had  received  no  reply  to  his  letter  to  Mr.  Edison  dated 
January  8th,  and  that  the  illness  of  Mr.  Edison  at  the  time  was 
doubtless  the  cause  of  this.  Mr.  Bengmees  requested  Mr.  Oilmore 
to  approach  Mr.  Edison  with  a  view  to  obtaining  permission  for  the 



Oerman  Compnay  to  sell  batteries  In  the  whole  of  Europe  for  a 
lengthy  period.  Mr.  Bergmann  pointed  out  that,  In  view  of  the 
high  prices  at  which  the  old  type  H  cell  had  to  be  sold  in 
Germany,  it  would  never  be  posBlble  to  do  a  business  in  this  in 
Germany  alone.  In  this  letter  of  March  6th,  1908,  it  1b  further 
recorded  that  up  to  December  31st  1907,  1344  cells  type  H  27  in 
all  had  been  sold,  and  that  a  royalty  of  t  1223.04  due  to  Mr. 

Edison  had  been  credited  to  him. 

On  July  17th,  1908,  Mr .  Bergmann  Bent  Mr.  Edison  the 
new  lists  that  had  Just  been  published,  showing  that  the  German 
Conipany,  in  addition  to  the  electromobile  cells  type  H  18,  H  27, 
and  H  45,  was  also  making  smaller  cells  type  P  9,  P  18,  P  27,  and 
0  18.  Mr.  Bergmann  pointed  out  that,  up  to  then,  the  turnover  in 
standard  eleotromobile  cells  type  H  27  had  been  very  small,  ®  we 
were  not  in  a  position  to  reduce  the  prices  sufficiently  to  meet 
competition.  The  letter  further  stated  that  a  small  experimental 
plant  for  active  material,  built  according  to  the  so*called  "old" 
process,  had  bem completed  and  that  jfr.  Bergmann  had  decided  to 
increase  this  plant  to  such  an  extent  that  active  material  for 
about  50  eelle  H  27  per  day  could  be  mde  .  it  was  further  stated 
that  we  hopeddto  produce  the  active  material  for  cell  H  27  for 
about  M.  8. 40.  as  compared  toK.  16.32,  which  latter  amount  we 
had  to  pay  at  that  time  for  material  procured  from  Amerioa. 

Mr.  Edison  wae,  in  addition,  requested  to  end  the 
Chemist  Mr.  Arbogaat  to  Germany,  in  order  that  the^atter  might 
advise  us  in  the^nanufaeturcjbf  the  iron  raasajfor  tho  negative  sldaof 
the  cells.  Mr.  Bergmann  also  drew  Mr*  Edison's  attention  to  the 
faet  that  everything  possible  was  being  done  in  Germany  to  find  a 
market  for  the  Edison  cells,  as  could  be  dearly  seen  not  only 
from  the  lists  of  the  Edison  Company,  but  also  from  th^Lists  of 
the  Bergmann  Electrical  Works  issued  by  the  eleotromobile  depart¬ 
ment.  This  letter  also  placed  on  record  that,  up  to  the  1st  July 



1908,  2544  0011  e  type  H  27  in  all  had  been  Bold  and  that  the 
royalty  due,  amounting  to  $  2315.04,  had  "been  placed  to  Mr. 

Edison's  credit. 

On  July  30th,  1908,  Mr.  Edison  replied  to  the  above- 
mentioned  letter  that  he  could  not  possibly  send  Mr.  Arbogaet  to 
Germany,  ae  he  had  no  one  to  replace  him,  and  that  hie  own  work 
would  be  Interrupted  if  he  were  to  allow  hie  chemist  to  go.  Mr. 
BdiBon  suggested  that  a  young  man  from  the  Technical  High  School 
in  Charlottenburg  should  be  sent  to  America,  whom  he  would  instruct. 
Mr.  Edison  remarked  that  his  new  processjfor  producing  the  iron 
material  was  very  cheap  and  that  it  would  be  poBBlble  to  make  the 
iron  in  Germany  for  20  cents  per  poundl  He  further  stated  that 
he  would  probably  be  In  a  position  to  supply  act  immaterial  for 
half  the  price  charged  up  to  the  present  as  soon  as  the  plant  for 
the  manufactureTof  active  material,  which  was  then  in  processjjf 
construction,  was  completed.  Mr.  Edison  also  said  that  the  new 
cells  whioh  were  then  being  completed  were  satisfactory,  and  had 
already  been  run  for  3000  miles  in  a  car,  and  that,  although  the 
@  chassis  had  to  be  continually  repaired,  the  battery  had  developed 

no  defect  whatsoever. 

Mr.  Edison  further  stated  that  he  ecpeoted  to  complete 
twenty-five  filling  machines  for  tubes  in  Bix  weeks,  and  then 
would  commence  manufacture. 

On  September  16th,  1908,  Mr.  Bergmann  wrote  that  ho  had 
engaged  a  Chemiet ,  Dr.  Harold,  and  that  he  would  send  him  to 
America  for  the  purpose  of  studying  the^attery. 

On  January  8th,  1909,  the  German  Company  wrote  a  lengthy 
letter  to  Mr.  Edison,  stating  that  It  would  not  be  poeelble  to  con¬ 
duct  the  bualneee  In  Ihe  present  faahlon  any  longer.  It  was 
pointed  out  that  the  manufacturing  coet  for  a  battery  of  sixty-four 
cells,  H  27,  amounted  to  $  480. oo,  without  taking  aatabliahment 
oharges  Into  account,  while,  ae  compared  to  thl  e  manufacturing 



coet,  the  nett>elliiig  price  was  only  *  BOO.oo.  The  German 
Company  hollered  It  could  reduoe  the  manufacturing  ooet  to  t  416. oo 
ae  Boon  ae  the  aotlve  material  ooul  d  he  produced  In  Germany  for 
half  theories  of  that  which  the  German  Comp  aiy  waB  then  compelled 
to  pay  for  Amerloan  material. 

These  figures  were^ased  on  the  assumption  that,  In 
Germany,  about  100  cdLls  type  H  27  would  he  manufactured  per  day, 
hut  that  if  less  were  made  the  manufacturing  cost  would,  of 
course,  increase,  and,  further,  the  general  situation  would  he 
serious  should  the  cell s  have  to  he  sold  at  Btill  lower  prices, 

Mr.  Edison  was  therefore  requested,  In  order  to  enable 
the  business  to  he  continued,  to  ®ree  to  an  alteration  in  the 
agreement  made  with  him,  to  the  extent  that  the  German  Company 
should  not  pay  royalty  until  the  new  cell  had  been  placed  on  the 
market,  and  until  the  money  loet  had  been  regained.  Jurther, 
that,  In  addition  to  the  new  Edison  battery,  other  articles  might 
he  manufactured  in  Germany,  and,  finally,  that  Edison  batteries 
might  he  sold  all  over  Europe,  with  the  exception  of  England,  dur¬ 
ing  such  time  as  the  cells  were  not  being  manufactured  in  the 
particular  countries  in  question.  It  was  further  pointed  out 
that,  up  to  that  time,  a  Iobb  of  approximately  M.  1.000.000  had 
been  incurred,  and  that  the  present  situation  was  unbearable. 

Mr.  Bsrgmann  Bent  at  the  same  time  a  covering  letter  to 
Hr.  Edison,  in  ifclch  he  wrote  that  Mr.  Karamerhoff  was  going  to 
America  to  dlscuBB  the  matter  verbally  with  him.  Mr.  Bergmam 
stated  that  he  was  no  longer  In  a  position  to  pacify  the  Company 
in  Germany,  more  especially  as  the  loss  incurred  was  critical 
with  reference  to  the  capital  paid  up»  and  that  steps  must  be 
taken  to  put  the  business  on  a  solid  basis,  and  Mr.  Beremann  hoped 
that  Mr.  Edison  would  give  these  representations  his  serious 

In  view  of  the  representations  made  both  by  letter  and 



verbally,  Mr.  Edison  wot#  on  February  11th,  1909,  to  the  German 
Company  that  he  would  he  prepared,  under  the  existing  olroumetancee, 
to  alter  the  oontraot  of  8eptenfcer  28th,  1906,  In  the  following 
manner  S- 

Prom  Maroh  let,  1909,  up  to  8 lx  months  after  the  date 
upon  which  the  American  Company  begins  to  manufacture  the 
new  cell  on  a  commercial  haele,  no  royalty  Bhall  he  paid. 

Mr.  Edison  to  write  ae  soon  aB  thiB  period  bad  elapsed,  after 
which  the  p^rment  of  royalty  should  reoamnence. 

This  tenporary  stoppage  of  the  payment  of  royalty  to  he 
agreed  to  on  the  condition  that  the  Germany  Company  should 
it  once  commence  to  make  the  necessary  machines  and  toolB 
for  the  manufacture  of  the  cell  Type  A,  in  order  that  the 
manufacture  of  the  new  cell  might  he^roceeded  with  as 
quickly  as  possible . 

Mr.  Edison  declared  that  he  was  now  satisfied  with  the 
new  cell. 

On  August  13th,  1909,  Mr.  Edison  wrote  that  he  would 
he  in  a  position  in  a  few  weeks  to  Bend  all  particulars  for  making 
the  machines  necessary  for  manufacturing  the  nww  cell.  He  stated 
further  that,  at  that  time,  he  was  turning  out  and  selling  eighty 
cells  daily,  and  that  in  a  further  six  weeks  the  number  of  oells 
would  he  Increased  to  260.  Mr.  Edison  further  remarked  that  he 
had  approached  Mr.  Pierpont  Morgan  with  a  view  to  his  withdrawal 
from  the  English  Company,  and  that  Mr.  Morgan  would  not  consent 
to  withdraw.  The  same  applied  to  the  French  Company.  Mr. 

Edleon  further  said  that  Mr  .  Sergmann  would  probably  receive  a 
large  amount  of  work  In  connection  with  the  English  and  Trench 
faotoriee  .  Mr.  Edison  also  wrote  that  the  Italian  Navy  had  pur¬ 
chased  a  battery  of  standard  size  for  experimental  purposee,  with 
a  view  to  using  large  cellB  for  submarine  boats,  according  to  the 



On  December  17th,  1909,  Mr.  Bergmann  replied  that  he 
would  be  very  pleaeed  to  receive  orderB  for  making  the  tools  and 
maohln ea  for  the  English  and  French  Factories.  He  enquired  at 
the  came  time  at  what  price  Mr.  Edison  could  supply  nickel  flakes. 

On  Sep  tester  27th,  1909,  Mr.  Edison  Informed  she  German 
Company  officially  that  the  Edison  Storage£?attery  Company  had 
commenced  manufacturing  the  new  cell  type  A  on  July  1st,  1909, 
and  that,  in  consequence,  the  original  agreement  of  September  28th, 
1905,  would  oome  into  force  again  on  January  1st,  1910. 

This  meant  that  Mr.  Edison  required  that  from  January  1st 
1910  the  Germany  Company 

1.  Should  manufaoturejstorage  batteries  only; 

2.  Should  pay  the  royalty  stipulated  In  the  Agreement. 

Ab  a  result  of  Mr.  Edison's  attitude  in  this  question, 
it  is  self-evident  that  he  wished  the  German  Company  by  all  means 
to  take  up  the  manufacture  of  the  new  cell  at  the  earliest  possible 
moment,  without,  however,  taking  into  account  that  considerable 
time  was  required  in  Germany  to  make  all  the  necessary  tools  and 

^  On  September  30th,  1909,  Bdison  wrote  that  he  was  pre¬ 

paring  all  the  necesBary  particulars  and  drawings,  etc.  for  the 
manufacture  of  complete  factory  equipments  for  England  and  Erance. 
Mr.  Edison  wrote  that,  as  soon  as  these  particulars  were)ready,  he 
would  submit  the  plans  to  Mr.  Plerpont  Morgan.  He  again  repeated 
that  probably  Mr.  Bergmann  would  have  to  build  the  larger  part  of 
the  machines  necessary: 

Mr.  Bdison  further  stated  that  his  factory  terned  out 
100  cells  per  day,  but  that  in  the  naast  few  days  he  would  be 
making  200  oells  par  day,  and  that  he  was  preparing  suffbient 
machines  in  order  to  manufacture  800  cells  daily.  He  further 
wrote  in  detail  that  the  amortisation  of  his  cell  would  be  lose 
than  that  of  lead  batteries  during  the  course  of  years .  With 
reference  to  the  manufacturing  cost  of  type  A  4,  Mr.  Bdison  was 



o f  the  opinion  that  this  would  he  cheaper  to  manufacture  than 
type  I  ie,  and  that,  In  addition,  a  ouhetantlal  reduction  of  the 
manufacturing  coet  would  he  possible.  Mr.  Edison  finally  eald 
that  Mr.  Bergraain  might  possibly  think  that  he,  Mr.  Edison,  might 
he  too  sanguine  In  regard  to  the  future  of  the  battery,  hut  that 
he  would  refer  him  to  previous  experience  In  this  respect,  whldi 
went  to  show  that  muoh  better  results  had  been  obtained  from  his 
Inventions  than  he  himself  had  expected. 

Mr.  Bergmann  replied  on  December  18th,  1909,  that  two 
weeks  before  the  General  Meeting  of  the  Edison  Company  had  taken 
place,  and  that  on  this  occasion  the  Deutsche  Bank  and  also  the 
other  parties  interested  commenced  to  become  Impatient  and 
demanded  positive  particulars  and  information.  Mr.  Bergmann 
stated  that,  In  view  of  the  favourable  information  contained  in 
Mr.  Edison's  letter  of  September  SOth,  he  had  been  able  to  instill 
courage  into  the  Shareholders.  H«  further  wrote  that  he  would 
be  glad  to  receive  the  orders  for  the  Prench  and  English  factories, 
and,  In  connection  therewith,  again  requested  that  particulars  in 
the  form  of  drawings  for  making  the  filling  machines  and  for  the 
new  flakes  apparatus,  etc.,  should  be  sent  him,  and,  further , 
asked  for  several  cells  A  4  and  A  6. 

It  is  evident  from  the  above  letter  that,!  although 
Edison  had  again  put  the  original  contract  into  force  from  January 
1st,  1910,  he  had,  nevertheless,  not  even  given  the  Oerman  Company 
sufficient  Information  to  enable  them  to  proceed  with  the  tools 
and  machines  only. 

On  November  5th,  1909,  Mr.  Bergmann  eent  a  translation 
of  an  article  by  Dreyer  in  the  "llektroteohni  echo  Zeltsohrift" 
regarding  an  electric  locomotive  with  Edison  batteries  .  Mr. 
Bergmann  pointed  out  that  the  Oeraa  Company  were  occupied  with 
the  design  of  a  cell  of  larger  dimensions,  and  at  the  same  time 
confirmed  the  receipt  of  Mr.  Edison* e  telegram,  In  whife  he  stated 



that  he  would  Bend  drawings  and  tube  oells  in  the  course  of  the 
week.  Mr.  Bergmann  further  stated  that  It  was  Of  vital  Importance 
for  the  Oermen  Company  to  commence  makine  the  new  "battery,  as 
with  die  old  battery  the  Company  could  neither  live  nor  die. 

In  January  1910  (no  date),  Mr.  Edison  wrote  Mr.  Bergmann 
privately  that  Rogers,  who  had  in  the  meantime  (beginning  of 
January)  come  to  Germany,  was  not  in  a  position  to  run  a  large 
factory.  Rogers,  however,  had  all  the  necessary  experience 
with  regard  to  the  battery,  end  would  be  of  great  value  in 
bringing  out  the  new  cell  on  a  commercial  basis  In  Germany.  Mr. 
Edison  further  stated  that  Mr.  Bergmann  could  be  cdnvinoed  that 
the  new  cell  would  be  a  great  success. 

On  January  24th,  1910,  the  Deutsche  EdiBon-Akkumulat.oren- 
Company  wrote  to  the  Edison  Storage  battery  Company  in  confirma¬ 
tion  of  the  telegram  of  January  11th,  that  Rogers  had  brought 
blue  prints  for  tools  and  machinee  with  him,  but  no  new  cells, 
however.  it  wae  pointed  out  that  we  rauBt  havejkt  least  six  cells, 
in  order  to  make  tests,  and  the  Edison  8torage  Battery  Company 
®  was  requested  to  send  further  70  cells  A  6  for  testing  in  an  elec- 

tromobile.  further,  the  German  Company  requested  that  25  lbs. 
of  nickel  flakes  be  sent  for  experimental  puiposes. 

On  March  24th,  1910,  Mr.  Edison  waB  asked  to  say 
whether  he  intended  to  start  manufacturing  in  England  during  the 
year  1910,  and  Mr,  Bergmann  expressed  the  hope  that  Mr.  Edison 
would  then  give  him  the  orders  for  the  neoeesary  machines,  as  he 
had  repeatedly  premised. 

Mr.  Edison  wrote  on  May  6th,  to  Mr.  Bergmmn  that  he 
could  not  see  the  possibility  of  sparing  any  nickel  flakes  for 
Germany,  and  that  he  had  to  work  night  and  day  in  order  to  make 
sufficient  flakes  for  himself,  and  In  order  to  send  flakes  to 



Oermany  he  would  have  to  reduoe  hie  own  output  In  celle.  'Edison 
etated  In  addition  that  the  apparatus  for  manufacturing  the  flakeB 
wae  very  cheap  and  easily  made,  and  that  Rogers  oould  give  all 
the  neoeesary  partloulare.  Willi  regard  to  the  English  faotory, 
Mr.  Edison  wrote  that  the  expert  had  Bent  in  his  report,  and  that 
in  all  pr oh ability  something  further  would  he  heard  concerning 
thlB  matter  in  a  few  weeks. 

On  May  29th,  1910,  Mr.  Edison  wrote  that  the  Railroad 
Companies  in  America  were  interested  in  locomotives  equipped  with 
Edison  hatter lee.  Mr.  Edison  further  Btated  that,  in  order  to 
reduce  the  time  for  charging  and  discharging, tubes  of  l/fi"  diameter, 
would  he  used,  the  present  type,  having  such  of  l/4"  diameter. 
According  to  his  remarks,  Mr.  Edison  appeared  to  attach  great 
importance  to  the  business  with  the  Railroad  companies,  811  also 
appeared  to  regard  the  cells  with  the  thinner  tubes  as  an  impor¬ 
tant  feature. 

On  June  21  et,  1910,  Mr.  Edison  again  wrote  to  Mr.  Berg- 
mann  that  he  could  not  Bend  any  flakes  to  Germany,  and  that  the 
flakee  could  he  made  more  cheaply  here  than  in  America.  Mr. 

Edison  etated  that  the  manufacturing  cost  for  flakes  used  in  an 
A  4  cell  amounts  to  60  c.,  hut  that  he  would  reduce  the  cost  in 
time  to  50  c. 

On  July  12th,  1910,  Mr.  Bergnamn  replied  that  he  waB 
very  glad  to  hear  of  the  cell  with  thinner  tuheB,  especially  as 
the  competition  with  the  lead  batteries  was  made  so  difficult 
because,  on  account  of  the  time  taken  in  charging  and  discharging 
with  the  older  type  of  cells,  these  had  to  he  taken  much  larger 
than  was  necessary.  Mr.  Bergi|ann  asked  for  the  necessary  par¬ 
ticulars  In  order  to  he  able  to  proceed  with  the  manufacture  of 
the  thin  tube  in  Germany  as  fast  as  possible.  In  oonneetlon 
herewith,  Mr.  Kamnerhoff  wrote  a  report,  dated  July  7th,  to  Mr. 
Bergmann,  in  whi*  he  polntsjout  that  the  Information  reoslved 



from  Mr.  Ed loon  with  regard  to  the  thin  tube  cells  was  of  great 
importance,  ae,  by  shortening  the  time  required  for  charging  and 
discharging,  It  would  he  possible  with  the  tube  cell  to  do  busi¬ 
ness  on  a  healthy  basis. 

On  July  21st,  1910,  Mr.  Edison  wrote  that  the  thin  tubes 
of  l/e"  diameter  are  only  to  be  used  for  cell s  In  railroad  cars, 
and  eUbmarlne  boats,  and  that  the  present  t*pe,  with  l/4"  diameter 
tubes,  are  to  be  adhered  to  for  all  the  other  cells,  and  that  he 
was  unable  to  send  any  information  with  regard  to  the  thin  tubes, 
as  those  existing  had  only  been  made  by  hand. 

On  July  12th,  1910,  Mr.  Bergmann  informed  Mr.  Edison 
that  he  was  Tory  glad  to  hear  such  good  news  with  regard  to  the 
new  battery,  but  that  hlB  duty  towards  the  shareholders  would  com¬ 
pel  him  to  convince  himself  how  matters  actually  stood.  He  re¬ 
marked  that,  without  further  information.  It  would  be  Impossible 
to  expect  the  Shareholders  to  pay  up  the  remainder  of  the  capi¬ 
tal,  and  that,  for  this  reason,  he  had  decided  to  send  Mr  .  Kammer- 
hoff  to  America  ,  In  order  to  make  the  necessary  Investigations. 
Mr.  Bergmann  further^tated  that  the  Shareholders  were  beginning  to 
get  very  disagreeable,  and  spoke  of  taking  action  igalnst  him  ,  as 
falsejstateraentB  had  been  made  to  them  vhen  the  German  Company  was 

Mr.  Kanmerhoff 1  s  investigations  in  America  in  August 
1910  showed  that  the  manufacture  of  the  tube  cell  with  thin  tubes 
was  not  to  be  thought  of.  In  a  report  to  Mr.  Edison,  dated 
August  31et ,  1910,,  Mr.  Kammerhoff  place*  on  record  that  the  manu¬ 
facture  of  cell*  with  thick  tube*  was  being  proeeded  with  without 
a  hlteh,  but  that,  in  order  to  work  with  a  profit  in  America,  the 
dally  turnover  would  flret  have  to  be  raised  to  about  BOO  celle 
type  A,  while  at  that  time  the  turnover  actually  amounted  to  200 
celle  type  A  per  day. 

In  this  report  Mr.  Edleon  wae  requested  to  extend  the 



rights  of  the  Qerraan  Company,  in  order  that  Mr.  Bergmann  might  he 
in  a  position  to  show  the  Shareholders  something  tangible,  in 
order  to  Induce  them  to  subscribe  further  capital. 

It  is  also  recorded  in  thiB  letter  that  Mr.  Edison  wub 
prepared  to  supply  nlckBl  flakeB,  nickel  hydrate,  and  iron  mix, 
also  lithium,  at  fixed  prices. 

In  the  different  interviews,  Mr.  Edison  still  maintained 
his  derand  that  the  German  Company  should  manufacture  the  new 
cells  as  quickly  as  possible,  and  also  make  the  nickel  flakes 
themselves.  Mr.  Edison  also  advocated  the  manufacturer  lithium 
in  Germany.  He  declined  absolutely  to  extend  the  rightB  of  the 
German  Company,  and  wrote  a  short  note  to  Mr.  Kammerhoff ,  in  which 
he  advised  Mr.  Bergqiann  to  bear  the  cost  of  carrying  on  the  busi¬ 
ness  of  the  German  Company  himself. 

After  Mr.  Bergmann  had,  both  by  letter  and  verbally, 
received  reports  upon  the  exact  poBitlbn  of  the  business  in  America 
at  that  time,  he  wrote  to  Mr.  Edison  on  Septenber  15th,  1910,  that 
he  felt  extremely  disappointed,  as  it  was  evident  that  considerable 
time  and  large  sums  of  money  would  be  required  before  a  final 
commercial  success  could  be  expeoted  from  the  battery  business. 

Mr.  Bergmann  drew  Mr.  Edlsorfs  attention  to  the  fact  that  he  would 
never  for  one  moment  have  entertained  the  idea  of  taking  up  the 
battery,  had  he  possibly  been  able  to  foresee  that  Buoh  diffi¬ 
culties  would  arise,  and  that  Buoh  vital  alterations  would  have 
to  be  rade.  It  was  mentioned,  further,  in  the  letter  that  the 
(Shareholders  and  more  especially  the  Deutsche  Bank  had,  after 
waiting  five  years,  lOBt  all  confidence  ,  but,  nevertheless,  Mr. 
Bergmann  stated  that,  having  regard  to  both  hie  own  and  Mr. 

Edison's  name  and  reputation,  ho  oould  not  let  the  business  drop, 
further,  that  it  was  absolutely  out  of  the  question  that  Mr. 
Bergmann  should  entertain  Mr.  Edison's  suggestion  and  put  more  of 
hie  own  money  into  the  undertaking,  but,  on  the  other  hand,  in 



order  to  wold  further  ode  of  capital,  Mr.  Edison  *ould  Bend 
the  neoeeeary  mater lalB,  In  the  form  of  nickel  flakee  and  positive 
plates,  to  Germany.  Plates  euffiolent  for  twenty  batteries  of 
72  cells,  type  A  6,  were  required  at  onoe,  which  were  to  he  taken 
Into  eeryloe  at  the  end  of  the  year  1910. 

On  September  2lBt,  1910,  the  German  Company  wrote  to 
Mr.  Edison  with  regard  to  the  small  oell  made  In  America  type  B  4, 
of  76  ampere  hours  capacity,  and  Mr.  Edison  wae  requested  to 
send  as  qulokly  as  possible  drawings,  and  other  particulars,  In 
order  to  enable  the  manufacture  of  this  apparently  favourable 
small  type  of  cell  to  be  taken  up  In  Germany.  Mr.  Edison  was 
further  requested  to  send  the  positive  plates  for  200  -  300  cells 
B  4,  in  order  that  the  cells  might  be  assembled  in  Germany. 

On  septeriber  28th,  1910,  Mr.  Edison  telegraphed  that  he 
would  send  one  thousand  positive  plates  for  a  cells  pare  week,  Be¬ 
ginning  on  October  10th,  1910,  and  also  that  he  would  send  nickel 
flakes  and  nickel  hydrate  .  This  telegram  was  followed  up  by  a 
further  one,  on  October  16th,  1910,  in  which  Mr.  Edison  stated 
©  that  he  was  unable  to  send  any  plates  before  the  end  of  October. 

The  German  Company  confirmed  these  telegrams  in  a  letter 
t»  Mr.  Edison  dated  October  31st,  1910,  and  special  attention  was 
drawn  to  the  fact  that  both  the  plates,  sb  well  as  the  nickel 
flakes  and  nickel  hydrate  were  urgently  required,  as  otherwise 
it  was  impossible  to  proceed.  It  was  further  pointed  out  that 
Mr.  Edison  had  already  been  requested.  On  September  21et,  1910, 
to  send  drawings  for  the  small  B  4  and  B  2  types,  and  also  positive 
plates  for  200  -  300  cells  B  4. 

In  a  letter  dated  Beeember  1st ,  1910,  Mr.  Bergmann  in¬ 
formed  Mr.  Edison  that  the  preparations  for  manufacturing  the 
new  cell  were  being  proceeded  with  at  full  speed  in  Germany,  and 
that  eight  filling  machines  for  tube  boxes  were  being  made.  Mr. 
Bergifsnn  furthe^stated  that  the  Italian  Havy  had  sent  in  enquiries 



for  large  cellB  for  submarine  'boats,  and  that  we  were  to  make 
several  cells  In  Oermany  of  about  8000  ampere  hours  capacity  for 
Italy.  Enclosed  in  the  letter  was  a  report  of  the  last  Board 
Meeting  Of  the  German  Company. 

On  Deoemher  15th,  1910,  Mr.  Bergmann  wrote  to  Mr. 

Edison,  stating  that,  as  the  tools  for  the  new  cell  A  4  and  A  6 
were  almost  ready,  and  aB  the  work  on  the  eight  filling  machines 
would  alBO  be  completed  shortly,  Rogers’  assistance  was  no 
longer  required,  and  that  he  would,  ir.  consequence,  return  to 

On  December  19th,  1910,  Mr.  Bergmann  informed  Mr. 

Edison  that  Mr.  Kammerhoff  had  resigned,  and  that  he  (Mr.  Bergmann) 
felt  himself  compelled  to  seriously  consider  liquidating,  in  view 
of  the  hopeless  condition  of  the  business,  unless  further  consid¬ 
erable  sums  were  invested.  Mr.  Edison  was  ashed  whether  he 
would  make  any  proposition  with  a  view  to  taking  over  the  tools 
and  machines,  to  be  used,  possibly,  for  a  factory  in  England. 

This  letter  was  despatched  on  January  9th,  1911. 

On  January  ?lst,  Mr.  Edison  replied  that  he  had  not 
yet  started  manufacturing  in  Europe,  as  he  had  no  time  to  occupy 
himself  sufficiently  with  the  matter.  Mr.  Edison  advised  Mr. 
^ergmann  not  to  liquidate,  but  to  stop  manufacturing  and  sell  the 
factory  building  and  ground,  that  is,  to  turn  everything  to  money 
and  to  invest  the  remaining  capital  at  suitable  interest,  and  to 
solely  concentrate  his  efforts  on  the  oale  of  batteries,  which  Mr. 
Edison  would  supply  from  America.  Mr.  Edison  expressed  the 
opinion  that  he  could  supply  from  America  Just  as  cheaply  as 
could  be  manufactured  in  Oermany,  and,  as  a  matter  of  fact,  that 
it  is  a  mistake  to  assume  that  the  batteries  can  be  produced  at 
a  cheaper  rate  in  Oermany  than  in  America.  Mr.  Edison  said  he 
had  received  large^rdere,  and  was  10,000  oells  behindhand.  With 
reference  to  the  question  of  taking  over  some  of  the  toolB,  Mr. 
Edison  stated  that  he  would  discuss  this  matter  with  Rogers. 



In  the  meantime,  the  Italian  Navy  had  ordered  two  sub¬ 
marine  boat  cells  of  4500  ampere  hours  capacity.  In  order  to 
ensure  that  no  mi  stale  should  be  made  with  regard  to  the  tubes,  a 
telegram  was  sent  to  Mr.  Edison  on  January  24th,  1911,  to  send 
15,000  tubes  to  Germany. 

This  telegram  was  confirmed  on  January  25th,  and  Mr. 
Edison  again  requested  to  despatch  the  positive  plateB  for  200  - 
300  small  B  4  cells,  which  had  already  been  ordered  on  September 
21st,  1910. 

On  January  28th,  1911,  Mr.  Edison  telegraphed  that  he 
vould  despatoh  15,000  tubes  on  February  4th. 

On  March  7th,  1911,  Mr.  Bergmann  wrote  to  Mr.  Edison, 
stating  that  he  was  surprised  at  Mr.  Edison's  letter  of  January 
21st,  In  which  the  latter  advised  him  to  Stop  manufacturing  In 
Europe.  Mr.  Bergmann  remarked  that  the  possibility  of  selling 
cells  in  Europe  that  had  been  made  in  America  depended  upon  the 
price  which  Mr.  Edison  would  demand,  and,  also,  the  ddtss 
of  delivery  he  could  give.  Mr.  Bergmann  enquired  at  what  prices 
Mr.  Edison  would  supply  the  tubes  if  Mr .  Bergmann  were  to  give 
him  an  order  for  2,000,000  of  these.  Mr.  Bergmann  again  approach¬ 
ed  Mr.  Edison,  asking  him  to  make  an  offer  to  take  over  the  tools 
and  machines,  in  order  to  enable  Mr.  Bergmann  to  disouBsIthe 
necessary  steps  to  be  taken  with  the  Deutsche  Bank  and  the  other 
Shareholders.  Mr.  Bergmann  remarked  that  he  considered  Mr. 
Edison' s  proposal  a  favourable  one,  in  which  he  suggested  that 
the  cells  sold  in  Germany  Bhould  be  made  In  America. 

In  the  meantime,  Mr.  Doty  came  from  America  to  Germany, 
and  aeted  Mr.  Bergmann  whether  he  would  care  for  him  to  try  and 
obtain  financial  people  In  America,  who  would  be  Interacted,  in 
order  that  the  business  in  Oermaiy  might  be  continued.  Mr  . 
Bergmann  disclosed  his  vlewe  on  this  sub J sot  in  a  letter  to  Mr. 
Edison  dated  March  23rd,  1911.  This  letter  reoorded  that  Mr. 



Bergmann  expected  to  receive  an  acceptable  propoBal  from  Mr. 

Edison,  ae  otherwise  he  would  be  compelled  to  close  down  the 
factory.  Mr.  Bergmann  again  pointed  out  that  it  was  solely  on 
account  of  Mr.  Edison*  s  and  his  Own  reputation  that  he  had  kept 
the  factory  running,  and  that,  if  It  had  not  bean  for  this  consid¬ 
eration,  he  would  have  given  up  the  battery  business  lone  ago. 

In  a  letter  dated  varch  24th,  1911,  Mr.  Edison  wrote 
that,  after  due  consideration,  he  could  not  take  over  the  tools  and 
machines.  The  situation  in  America  was  at  the  time  so  favourable, 
he  still  having  orders  for  12,000  cells  unexecuted,  that  it  would 
be  best  if  Mr.  Bergmann  were  to  send  Mr.  Klein  to  the  factory  in 
Orange,  in  order  that  he  might  personally  convince  himself  of  the 
favourable  position  of  affairs.  Mr,  Edison  further  remarked 
that  his  Opinion  with  regard  to  the  future  of  the  battery  had  not 
altered  in  the  least. 

WUh  reference  to  Mr.  Bergnann' s  enquiry  with  regard  to 
the  prices  of  tvibes,  Mr.  Edison  rttfLied  that  he  could  Bupply  same 
for  *  43.20  per  1000,  in  which  price,  apart  from  the  depreciation 
of  tools,  he  had  only  included  12^  profit,  but,  on  the  other  hand, 
nothing  for  establishment  charges.  This  quotation,  however,  re¬ 
presents,  aB  compared  to  the  invoices  received  up  to  the  present, 
an  increase  in  price  of  about  50^.  While  Mr.  Edison  formerly 
charged  2.9  o.  per  tube  when  15,000  of  these  were^upplied ,  he 
now  demands  4.3  c.  each,  and  remarks  that,  in  the  latter  price, 
the  royalty  is  Included.  As  all  the  german  quotations  had  been 
based  on  a  price  of  2.9  c.  per  tube,  this  offer  was  of  no  use  to 
the  German  Company. 

Ae  no  replies  were  reoeived  to  the  last  letters  within 
the  next  four  weeks,  Mr.  Bergmann  teiegrajhed  on  April  24th,  1911, 
to  Mr.  Ed 1 eon,  and  enquired  when  Mr.  Edison  had  replied  to  hie 
(Mr.  Bergmann* e)  letter  of  March  23bd  1911.  Mr.  Bergmann  cabled 
that  he  must  shut  down  the  factory,  as  Mr.  EdiBon,  in  accordance 



with  hi8  letter  of  Maroh  24th,  had  raleed  the  price  of  tubes  hy 
5<$.  Mr.  Bergmain  further  wired  that,  at  a  price  of  2-J-  c. 
per  tube,  he  might  try  to  keep  the  business  going  a  little  longer. 

In  reply,  a  cable  was  recoived  from  Mr.  Edison  on  April 
25th,  stating  that  the  price  quoted  for  tubeB  was  the  lowest 
Mr.  Edison  could  give,  as  It  Included  little  or  no  profit. 

Erom  the  last  letter  and  exchange  of  telegrams  results 
that  Mr.  Edison  at  the  present  time  Insists  on  an  Increase  of  the 
price  for  tubes.  This  renders  It  Impossible  to  maintain  the 
quotation  to  the  Italian  navy  for  complete  batterieB  for  submarine 
boats.  If  Mr.  Edison  also  Increases  the  prices  for  oomplete 
positive  plates  for  the  type  A  In  the  Bame  proportion,  the  result 
would  be  that  In  Germany  the  same  prices  would  have  to  be  asked 
for  electromobile  cells  as  in  America.  Eor  a  battery  of  72  cells 
A  6,  such  as  would  be  used  In  a  two  ton  truck,  the  gross  price 
would  then  be  M.  6048  as  compared  to  a  gross  price  of  M.  2000  - 
for  a  lead  battery. 

Experience  up  to  the  present  has  shown  that  It  is  hope¬ 
less  to  offer  electromobile  batterieB  at  such  prices,  and  the 
only  question  still  open  is  whether  batteries  for  submarine 
boats  would  be  purchased  at  such  increased  rates. 

A  quotation  based  on  Mr.  Edison's  latest  price  of 
4.3  c.  per  tube  was  submitted  a  few  days  ago  to  the  German  Nacy, 
and  future  negociatlons  will  show  the  attitude  the  Authorities 
will  adopt  with  regard  to  the  offer  In  question. 

3rd  May,  1911. 



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Rathenau  Director,. 

Allgemeine  Elektrioitats  Gesellschaft, 

Berlin,  Germany. 

"Bergmann  made  failure  my  storage  battery,  ma*e 
large  investment,  wants  to  give  up,  would  not  take  my 
advice,  has  no  conception  of  its  value  for  the 
future.  Wish  you  would  cable  your  agent  here  make 
investigation  of  works  and  business  here.  Have 
thousand  men,  way  behind  orders,  prospects  for  a 
business  twenty  million  dollars  year.  Have  made 
great  improvements,  it's  an  epoch  making  device, 
performs  functions  impossible  with  Lead  batteries. 
Believe  your  Company  should  absorb  the  German  Co. 
Please  answer  if  you  will  investigate. * 

(Signed)  Bdison. 

Sent  May  25th  1911.  W.  U.  Tel.  Co. 

*8  <3|  <ht 

3^-^-|o-«a.  [*.cmt2-  cma.  •EjcjiAni'  cx-jj-GL-tA^ 

ie_«.  <^OC3Ct_<L^  §L*Jkj2--  ~t^» 

.  oJ-o-w.c-'S. 

l\  «-trg.  6-cui-  \Ajuti~. 


VS  'Kceyft* 


___  iQr' 

yO^-  ^ 







i  Si.,  Qranga,  N.  j.  I 


30  NY  N 
Berlin  May 26-19 11 
Edison,  Orange  NJ 


W278II  Time _ _ 

have  transferred  all  accumulator  interests  to  the  well 
known  german  . .  tudor  company  who  is  financially  strong 
and  to  whom  J  gave  knoweledge  of  your  cable  there  are  well 
disposed  to  send  over  experts  at  convenient  time  to  investigate 
thoroughly  into  the  matter  . 


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SIEMENS-SCHUCKERTWERKE  Berlin  SW„  .tar,  2?th  May  1911. 

JUN  7-  ;sn 

Dear  Sir, 

Th.  E  d  i  s  o  n  Esc., 

Orange  .i  ; 

New  Jersey 


We  beg  to  confirm  receipt  of  your  telegram  of 
yesterday  and  in  answering  we  wired  you  to-de,y, 

"  Jansen  New  York  in  absence  of  our  agent  Doctor  Frank  will 
visit  you  at  once." 

Yours  faithfully 

Dear  Ur.  Edison 

^  W*.  <*  EXPORTERS 

Through  an  accidental  inquiry  made  of  myself  a  day 
two  ago,  I  have  learned  that  Mr.  Bergmann  will  reach  the  age  of  60  on 
June  9th  and,  while  you  probably  know  it,  I  take  the  liberty  of  send¬ 
ing  you  this  reminder  as  no  doubt  S.B.  would  be  greatly  pleased  to  re- 
oeive  a  letter  or  oablegram  from  you  on  the  oooasion. 

Q^cAciTe  cy^r 



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R^fs-ctcT*" £i>*fevCfs  ja>c*-«r^ 

Machine  Department 

J7n  *'/'(/  pfe***  yuok 

|  Bnn/WH 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 

A  Llewellyn  Park, 

1  y>  n  *•  a  n  c  e 

My  dear  Edison, 

I  duly  received  your  cable  of  the  1st  ihst.,  readlng:- 

"Bergmann. Trying  to  find  purchaser  who  will  Buy  your  German 
"Como anv  I  have  approached  Rathenau,  Siemens  and  Morgan 
«5im“7  You  will  make  the  most  gigantic  Blunter  on  record 
"if  you  sellout,  recent  events  prove  Battery  opens  up  new 
"and  enormous  field  and  Is  certain  Be  an  ep°ch  in  to® 

"electric  Business  .  Will  write  result  rf  negotiates. 

This  telegram  does  not,  of  course,  help  me  out  of  the  fix 
here,  and  it  is  not  an  answer  to  my  letter  of  May  11th.  As  I  have 
written  you  Before,  if  you  do  not  take  immediate  and  positive  steps 
to  help  us  out  of  this  trouble,  it  will  end  very  soon  in  a  very  Big 
scandal,  and  I  know  that  neither  you  nor  I  can  afford  to  Be  dragged 
into  a  lot  of  lawsuits  Brought  By  stockholders. 

I  note  you  say  in  your  cablegram  that  you  have  approached 
Rathenau  and  Siemens;  you  are  no  doubt  aware  that  Siemens  and 

BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 


Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq.,  Orange. 

Rathenau  om  the  Tudor  lead  battery  and  are  ,  In  fact,  practically  the 
owners  of  the  Tudor  Company,  and  that,  further,  they  havqbeen  the 
■Biggest  opponents  of  your  battery  in  Europe.  These  are  the  very 
people  who  have,  from  the  start,  all  along  prophesied  this  commercial 
disaster  and  ridiculed  your  battery'. 

I  now  await  a  positive  reply  from  you,  one  way  or  the 
other,  and  remain, 



Telegraph-Cable  Company  (Incorporaied)iran 

5  caolejram  subject  to  the  let 

.  Berlin  June  10-1911 

Orange  lW.  M  13 

Bid  members  of-  the  staff  of  the  bergmann  works  assembled  to 
slebrate  the  sixtieth  birthday  of  their  respected  chief  send 
thier  heartiest  greetings  to  the  nestor  of.  electricity 



§  1  NY  N  13  '  814A 

Berlin  June  14-11 
Edison  , 

Orange  NJ.  " 

Referring  your  cablegram  ninth  have  nothing  to  say  any  more 



-V y./t_  - 

V"  4  ay  C"  ■* 

,f  o  > 

j  SIEMENS  &  HALSKE  a.  g 


?  .eJ 

„  v  i  > 

r*  ,m 

CjX'  ^  p&i,  K/J.  C.  V.  U.  103/ 

/ilEW  YOR^/-.Iun«14t_iail.- 

,  Thomas  A.  Edison,  «lH  t  O  ■  1 
Vallsy  Road, 

West  Orange,  H.  J. 

Bear  Sir:- 

Rsfsrring  to  the  writer's  visit  of  the 
87th  ult.,  heg  to  say  that  m  hmrs  just  received 
a  short  oable  in  answer  to  our  report  of  your 
proposition  as  outlined  to  the  writer,  to  the 
effeot  that  we  are  willing  to  consider  suoh  a 
preposition,  our  final  deoision  depending  on  de¬ 
tails  and  future  negotiations. 

Besides  giving  us  the  above  information, 
the  cable  contained  the  following  addition:  «J>ur- 
1,  ohae  Bergaann  excluded".  We  do  not  know  exact¬ 
ly  how  to  teke  thle  stateasnt,  and  before  being 
able  to  explain  sane  to  you,  we  will  have  to  malt 
written  oonf  ln»tlon,  *»1<*  ws  understand  has  already 
been  mailed  to  us. 

Vs  t«  you  to  tabs  this  os»sanioatisa  sim¬ 
ply  as  prellaiaary  information  te  Ike  offset  that 


our  firm  Is  favorably  inolined  to  take  up  the  Manu¬ 
facture  of  your  naw  call,  Aa  aoon  aawa  have  ra¬ 
ce  lvad  the  detailed  information  the  writer  will  taka 
the  pleasure  of  earning  to  Orange  and  visit  you  la 
order  to  diaouaa  the  Matter  further  with  you.  In 


Hy  dear  Edison;- 

I  have  placed  your  favor  of  the  27th.  ult.  before  our 
friends ,  and  now  learn  from  them  that  you  are  also  negotiating 
with  Messrs,  siemens  Schuclcert  through  their  representatives  in 
your  city . 

Our  friends  are  obtaining  from  someone  in  oloee  touch  with 
you >  more  detailed  information  in  regard  to  your  invention  and 
its  present  actual  position,  and  by  making  tests  of  your  batter¬ 
ies  and  cells,  will  form  for  themselves  an  opinion  as  to  the  merits 
of  same.  They  will  then  communicate  with  you  in  regard  to  the 

With  kind  regards , 

Believe  me. 

Machine  Department 

o%  />*»» 

|  nnn/Va  j 

"i\us  u£«.v  ft—*—*-*-  - 

J*  £lu  Li^,  ^  l' 
f,  jiV  <2«H.(  I' 


My  dear  Id Ison, 

{ A>\.  "f“£u  a  ~  ^  ‘tV^f  „  «xp«  ««,. 

Bncl.ead  P1M~  V^'V 

r  Itself,  Jyjr  y«\ir^^rST»l^  ,  lp 

Mr.  Doty,  which  speaks  for  itself,  3MW 

1  ■“*•  M*rd  tr°*  S^-riS-V*- 

your  daughter  are  on  th.1T  "W^urop.  .IB.  B»  ^“XAff  “&-» 
Victoria",  and  am  very  pi. aseji  ihde ed  to  heai}  thegood  nbwB^^IJia^ 
written  her  that,  If  I  can  he  of  'any’asflstanoe  to  her,  *  ““  entire: 
at  her  disposal,  and  I  hope  we  sh^aitwhir  ln^Oermeny  before  lone^ 
even  If  only  for  a  short  time.  , 

Are  you  perhaps  comine  over  tater  on?  it  so,  when?  I 
should  he  very  glad,  if  oOme  to  Hamburg  or  Bremen,  to  meet  you 
there  If  possible.  I  am  sure  a  good  holiday  In  Xurepe,  end  an 
automobile  tour  through  Trance,  Swltaerland,  and  Germany,  would  do 
you  pllea  of  good.  I  can  arrange  for  motorcars  for  you  over  here. 

.  -  iZ* 

ae  I  wrote  you  last  year. 


BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 

Hoping  to  he  able  to  greet  you  iti  Oermahy 

Thomas  A.  *4  la  cm  Se*., 




New  Jersey,  U.S.A. 

Bear  Sir, 

I  ara  in  receipt  of  your  favour  of  the  12th  Inst.,  addressed 
to  Mr.  Kammerhoff ,  and  in  connection  therewith  heg  to  remark  as 
follows :- 

In  the  general  statement  sent  you  we  had  inserted  for  special 
machines,  tools,  chemical  plant,  and  special  plant,  the  sum  of 
$  11.1,952.00,  this  sum  including  the  new  -building  for  the  chemical 
plant.  Your  people  are  willing  to  pay  3  100, 000. oo  for  the  plant 
without  the  building  for  the  chemical  plant,  the  latter  costing  *  IS, 23a 
Beducting  the  cost  of  the  building  from  3  114, 952. oo  leaves  *  99,714. oo, 
which  sum  is  nearly  equal  to  the  3  I00.000.oo  which  you  are  prepared  to 
pay.  in  this  way,  however,  we  should  get  absolutely  nothine  for  the 
business  Itself,  and  I  think,  therefore,  that  you  should  increase  the 
sum  to  at  least  $  120, 000. oo.  It  should  furthermore  be  taken  into 

consideration  that  the  whole  plant  for  nickel-plating,  consisting  in 
addition  to  the  usual  accessories  of  four  machine  baths  and  seven  eta- 
tionary  baths,  is  not  shONvn  in  our  statement  at  all,  but  would  never¬ 
theless  be  included  and  handed  over  to  you  for  the  sum  of  8  120,000. oo. 
The  value  of  the  nickel-plating  plant  and  the  above-mentioned  baths  is 


Mr.  A.  Doty,  Orange. 

about  ft  14, 000. oo. 

In  addition  to  the  items 
there  are  the  following: 

1. )  Land  . 

2. )  Building  . 

3. )  Factory  equipment  . 

4. )  Office  Equipment  . 

mentioned  In  the  general  statement, 

$  169,8l0.oo 
$  109,048.oo 
ft  14,095.oo 
3  l,381.oo 

5.)  Raw  material  . 

a)  for  new  type  cell: 

sheet  iron  for  grids  and 

tubes  . . S  500. oo 

hard  rubber  parts  .  8  1714. oo 

flakes,  150  lbs . ft  303. oo 

hydrate,  about  1200  lbs.  ..  ft  87iuoo' 

lythium  hydrate  . . .  ft  1429. oo  ft  4, 917.00 

b)  for  old  type  cell: 



sheet  iron  &  hard  rubber 

half-finished  parts  of 

old  type  cell .  *  24167, 

old  type  cells  ready . >  8736_. 

Standard  machines,  such  as 
lathes,  presses,  eto.,  inclu¬ 
ding  steam  engines  and  boiler 
plant  . 

Items  as  per  general  statement  .... . 

ft  58.548.oo 

ft  43,452.00 
ft  114.952.oo 

ft  516,203 .  i 


Mr.  A.  Doty,  Orange. 

If,  therefore,  you  take  over  the  whole  of  the  business,  as 
shown  in  the  above  statement,  you  will  have  to  pay  $  516, 803. oo,  hut 
we,  on  the  other  hand,  should  rece  lve  no  compensation  whatsoever  for 
the  trouble  and  work  of  building  up  the  business  during  the  laBt  six 
yearB.  I  would  further  point  out,  as  mentioned  in  the  letter  of  the 
.Edison  Co.  of  the  16th  of  )■'  >.y,  that  there  is  a  mortgage  of  $  142. 860. oo 
on  the  land  upon  which  the  factory  is  built. 

As  you  aret  well  aware,  we  have  spent  about  3  750, 000. oo  on 
the  business,  of  which  amount  at  least  $  275,000. oo  has  been  lost 
through  continual  alterations  in  construction  of  the  cells,  experiments 

With  regard  to  the  general  prospects  of  the  business  at  the 
present  time,  I  beg  to  remark  as  follows:— 

Owing  to  the  fact  that  we  entered  into  negociations  with  the  Ital¬ 
ian  Navy  and  supplied  two  trial  cells  which,  after  being  sub, looted 
to  a  series  of  tests  for  several  months,  proved  to  be  satisfactory, 
in  every  respeot,  the  interest  in  the  Edison  accumulator  has  increased 
to  a  very  great  extent.  Prom  Information  we  have  received,  It  would 
appear  that  the  Italian  Naval  Authorities  in  Sjezia  have  recommended 
to  She  Naval  Department  in  Rome  that  Edieon  cells  should  be  used  in 
the  two  submarine  boats  which  are  now  being  built. 

Yte  have,  W  the  meantime,  supplied  two  further  cellB,  each 
having  a  capacity  of  4350  amp. -hours,  to  the  French  Navy,  and  these 



!Ir.  A.  Doty,  Orange. 

are  being  tested  at.  the  present  moment. 

The  merits  of  the  Edison  cell  were  explained  to  the  German 
Naval  Authorities  hy  means  of  a  personal  interview  in  Kiel,  and,  as 
a  result  of  the  discussion,  their  views  on  the  BUbjeot  were  entirely 
changed.  The  Authorities  in  Kiel  have  submitted  an  application  to  the 
Naval  Department  that  Bums  should  he  granted,  in  order  to  enable  them, 
in  the  first  instance,  to  order  several  cells  for  testing  purposes, 
and  they  propose  further  to  alter  the  design  of  the  new  boatB  in  such 
a  manner  that  the  Edison  cells  can  be  installed  therein. 

The  Dutch  Government  also  sent  one  of  their  Engineers  to  us, 
and  have  further  asked  for  a  quotation  for  cells  for  submarine  boats. 

A  representative  of  the  Russian  Navy  called  upon  us,  and 
received  full  information  and  details  v/ith  regard  t.o  the  cells. 

As  you  can  see  from  the  above  brief  summary,  the  business  in 
large  cellB  for  submarine  boats  is  now  assuming  definite  shape,  and 
it  is  to  be  expected  that  the  Italian,  Drench,  and  German  Navies  will 
very  shortly  plaooorders  for  complete  batteries. 

The  price  of  a  storage  battery  of  this  nature  would  amount 
to  at  least  $  200,GG0.oo.  The  Drench  Navy  have  at  the  present  time 
about  sixty  submarine  boats,  the  Italian  Navy  ahou!  twenty,  and  the 
German  Navy  about  five.  All  NavieB  are  doing  their  utmost  to  develdp 
and  increase  the  number  of  submarine  boats,  and  it  can  safely  be  said 
that,  aflter  the  first  order  for  a  battery  for  a  submarine  for  one  of  the 


Mr.  A.  Doty,  Orange. 

European  Navies  has  been  placed,  other  orders  will  follow,  amounting 
to  millions.  In  fact,  the  development  of  this  particular  business 
Is  not  to  he  gauged. 

In  addition  to  the  above-mentioned  large  cells,  our  clients 
have  also  shown,  during  the  last  few  months,  great  interest  for  the 
standard  small  oellB.  AmongBt  others,  we  rereived  yesterday  an  order 
for  500C  colls,  having  a  capacity  of  P.  Amp. -hours  for  mining  lamps, 
further,  within  a  few  weeks,  we  have  received  orders  for  forty  batteries 
for  wireless  telegraphy. 

It  may  appear  strange,  in  view  of  the  favourable  prospects 
of  the  business,  that  I  should  bo  Inclined  to  3t,op  work  on  the  Edison 
cell,  but  I  would  ask  you  to  take  into  consideration  that  I  havesuf- 
fe red  bo  many  d i s.ipp o in traen t s  and  such  continual  worry  and  annoyance 
during  the  laBt  six  years  that  I  am  completely  discouraged  and  tired 
of  the  whole  business. 

Furthermore,  our  capital  is  exhausted,  and,  finally,  the 
other  two  principle  shareholders,  with  the  Deutsche  Dank  at  the  head, 
are  so  disappointed  at  the  length  of  time  they  have  had  to  wait  that 
they  have  declined  to  put  any  more  capital  in  to  exploit  the  Edison 

Unfortunately,  Mr.  Edison  sent  ue  a  few  days  ago  a  cablegram 
In  whloh  he  positively  prohibits  our  continuing  our  negooiatlOns  with 
Italy  and  other  European  Navies,  apart  from  Germany  and  Austria.  This 



V.r .  A.  Doty,  Orange. 

step  la  of  oourae  of  moat  vital  importance  for  me,  and  1  am  utterly 
at  a  loaa  to  underBtand  how  .Edison  can  have  come  to  such  a  decision. 

The  proposition  contained  In  this  letter  la,  of  course, 
subject  to  the  consent  of  Edison  and  of  the  Executive  Committee  of  the 
German  Edison  Co.  that  you  and  your  friends  should  take  over  the 
business.  X  have,  however,  no  doubt  whatever  that  the  Executive 
Committee  will  agree  to  the  Bale  of  the  business  being  effected  in 
the  form  suggested  by  me,  as,  up  to  the  present,  any  measures  I  may 
have  adopted  have  always  had  its  approval* 

Kindly  lot  me  hoar  at  the  earliest  possible  moment  what  you 
think  of  my  present  proposal,  and  1  sincerely  trust  that  we  shall  bo 
able  to  come  to  an  arrangement,  so  that  the  parties  interested  can 
take  over  the  German  Edison  Co.  on  terms  which  will  be  accep¬ 
table  to  me,  and  thus  continue  the  business,  the  prospects  of  which 
are  so  favourable. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Charles  L.  Ehoar  t 

,  M  1  ■ 

(^  u^U 

.  7  il) 

.Boston]!  July  i-Srgl®11*  , 

:  ,  ..Boston,  July  ib^ 

•j,.,-,  X«  U<  iliXiA  LL.  «rr- 

■nxl  ki  »WT  lie  &&,  S.SU 

i.  Edison,  Esq. ,  :.  ..  .  » _ J Herm*&ir~  •'  ■ 

a  4c>  .#-' 

My  deal1  Mr 

jssq.,  :  (  Vcu«uAeu«. 

Lleweil^Park.  Orange.  ^J. 

r.  Edison,-  1  f  «*  ►*??  **  '  f 

^  ^3 

I  happened  to  he  in 

Berlin  about  thtfW  "fcSS^  &go  when 

you  cabled  Mr.  Rathenau  about  your  German  battery  situation.  As 
you  may  remember.  I  have  always  been  extremely  intimate  with  the 
Tudor  Battery  people.  Mr.  Mttller  and  Mr.  Roderbourg  being  two  of 
ny  warmest  friends.  Mr.  Rathenau  is  a  director  in  their  Company 
and  I  understand  that  there  is  some  general  arrangement  by  which 
the  Allegemeine  Company  and  the  Siemens-Schuckert  Company  turn 
over  all  their  storage  battery  interests  to  the  Tudor  Company. 

Knowing  my  relations  with  you.  Mr.  Muller  immediately 
told  me  how  he  felt  about  the  German  situation  and  said  that  he 
had  no  objection  to  my  telling  you  how  he  felt  if  it  would  be  of 
any  interest  to  you.  Their  general  feeling  is  that  they  would 
like  to  control  your  battery  if  it  is  what  you  think  it  is.  They 
are  naturally  skeptical,  always  having  been  interested  on  the 
other  side,  but  I  think  they  are  surely  open  to  conviction  if 
approached  in  the  proper  way. 

I  do  not  know  whether  or  not  this  interests  you  but  if 
it  does  I  should  be  glad  to  tell  you  the  whole  story  at  any  time 

Thomas  A.  Edif 

Esq. ,  2. 

July  13,  1911. 

which  would  suit  your  convenience.  1  feel  under  very  great  per¬ 
sonal  obligations  to  Kr.  lluller  and  his  friends  for  their  many 
courtesies  shown  me  in  Germany  and  anything  I  can  do  to  get  them 
into  pleasant  relations  \7ith  you  will  he  a  great  satisfaction  to 
me.  As  I  go  over  to  Hew  York  every  week  or  two,  X  could  run  out 
to  see  you  at  almost  any  time  which  you  might  name. 

Yours  very  truly. 

When  I  had  the  pleasure  of  seeing  you  at 
Prag,  you  were  so  kind  as  to  promise  to  give  me 
some  information  regarding  your  storage  battery 
for  motor  cars.  -  * 

Will  you  kindly  arrange  that  some  catalo¬ 
gues  and  other  printed  matter  be  sent  to  me  , 
eventually  a  sample  cell  be  sent  and  adressed 
to  my  company,  as  I  have  considerable  Interest 
of  making  some  arrangements  regarding  the  sel¬ 
ling  of  these  batteries  in  Austria.  - 

To  your  information  I  may  mention  that  my 
company  is  now  working  with  a  fully  paid  in 

share  capital  o f  6  millions  Kronen,  equal  to 
1,200.000  DollarB  and  has  extended  connections 
throughout  Austria-Hungary.  - 

It  would  $1bo  interest  me  to  learn, wether 
we  could  obtain  the  exclusive  right  of  selling 
your  batteries  for  Austria-Hungary.  I  may  add, 
that  a  company  working  from  Berlin  could  n6t  do 
any  bussiness  at  all  in  our  country,  owtog  to 
the  great  national  contrast  existing.  - 

I  hope  that  you  arrived  safely  and  in 
perfect  health  at  Orange.  - 

With  kind  regards  believe  me,  dear  Mr. 

very  sincerely  yours 

My  dear  Idison 

I  hope  that  you  and  your  good  family  h*ro  liad  a 
pleasant  trip  aoroBB  and  reached  home  in  good  health  and  Bpirit. 

It  iB  with  great  pleaBure,  indeed,  that  1  reoall  your  Tieit.  It 
was  really  one  of  the  finest  treats  1  hare  had  in  my  life  and  will 
always  mean  pleasant  recollections.  I  only  hope  that  you  will  re¬ 
peat  your  trips  to  the  "did  World*  more  often. 

The  Booh  on  the  "Beach  Car"  I  Will  eend  to  Jlr.  Rathenau 
to-day,  with  a  few  lines  and  ask  him  to  kindly  turn  this  matter  ower 
to  someone  who  is  not  opposed  to  the  Bdison  Battery  and  report  to  you 

The  Deuteohe  Idison  Oesellsohaft,  hare  sent  a  substantial 
remittance  to  your  company  for  hills  due  and  hare  also  forwarded 
another  order,  according  to  our  understanding,  for  4000  more  plates. 

-  1  - 


BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 

Thomas  A.  Bdison.  Saq. 


Please  see  that  theae  are  executed  promptly,  ao  that  we  can  keep 
things  moYiRg  here.  I  should  he  much  obliged  if  yourcompany  would 
let  us  know  immediately,  when  these  plates  hare  been  shipped,  as 
it  is  most  important  for  us,  in  order  not  to  get  into  extreme  dif¬ 

Also  please  advise  me  what,  you  can  d0  regarding  prices, 
how  much  cheaper  the  plates  and  tubes  will  be,  when  you  deduct  the 
general  expense,  as  we  talked,  when  you  were  here. 

Thanking  you  for  an  early  reply,  I  am,  with  very 

best w ishes 

very  truly, 



1 1 

B  ©  r  1 1  a .  w.— gg.1^. m 

Machine  Department 

<V,  f,r,™ 

Bnn/emr  | 

00:  ?4l: 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 

Llewellyn  Park,  Orange,  H.J. ,  U.S.A. 

My  dear  Edison: 

I  have  asked  Mr.  P.  H.  Klein  Jr.  to  endeavor  to  see 
you  on  hoard  the  S.S.  •Aaerika"  immediately  on  her  arrival  in  Hew 
York  Bay,  concerning  certain  articles  published  in  the  Hew  York 
World,  alleged  to  have  been  based  on  statements  mads  by  you,  criti¬ 
cising  and  ridiculing  German  industrial  enterprises  and  business 
methods  most  sharply.  All  the  German  newspapers  are  up  in  arms 
about  these  statements  and  there  is, throughout  Germany,  a  great 
deal  of  agitation  and  oonsternation  on  that  account. 

I  would  appreciate  it  vexy  much,  therefore,  if 
you  should  authorize  Klein  to  cable  a  denial  of  these  statements 
to  me,  so  that  I  oan  pacify  the  people  here,  who  are  looking  at 
this  matter  very  tragioally.  I  am  oonvinoed  that  these  publications 
are  merely  signs  of  animosity  on  the  part,  of  the  individual  repor- 

-  1  - 

BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

10/  5/11. 

ter  of  the  "Hew  York  World*  and  have  no  foundation,  so  far  as 
you  are  concerned. 

In  order  to  calm  the  people  over  here,  it  was  neoessary 
for  me  to  issue  a  statement,  saying  that  you  could  not  possibly 
have  made  such  remarks  and  that,  considering  the  short  time  you 
spent  in  Germany,  you  would  not  he  in  a  very  good  position  to 
thoroughly  and  finally  pass  a  verdict  upon  the  conditions  here. 

I  also  requested  that  the  entire  affair  he  considered  less  tragic, 
the  same  as  is  done  over  in  the  States.  I  was  compelled  to  do 
this,  in  order  to  protect  our  interests  in  general,  especially 
the  Deutsche  Edison  Gesellschaft,,  and  for  your  own  sake  am  ex¬ 
pecting  a  denial  of  the  publications  made  in  the  "World",  which 
I  am  convinced  are  not  in  accordance  with  the  actual  facts. 

With  best  wishes, 

Yourd  very  sincerely, 

/M/4- am., 

l  y  ToutBoho  "diBon-Akkumulrtoron  Company,  O.ra.b.H., 
1  Drouth elmorDtroano  06/38 
Berlin,  I!.  Qcrmrny. 


P.eralt fonoe  of  *4-,ono  nr.nounofld  in  yours  of  tho  28th  ult., 
gratefully  ackrowlodgod.  Thin ,  together  with  the 
expenditures  Of  $1®00  (Auto  Hire)  nnd  ?140.6O  (1'ronaco) 
reduces  your  Indebtedness  to  §6, 620, 68.  Plor.uo  remember 
to  Qonc.  ub  your  bills  for  thcoo  two  items  so  soon  bb 
possible  thi.t  wo  mey  properly  credit  than  to  your  aocount. 

Mr.  Saloon  hna  oonBonted  to  fill  your  present  order  for 
4,000  pooitivo  plnton  at  tho  old  price  of  90?  each,  with  . 
tho  undorstunding,  however,  th<-t  thin  is  to  bo  tho  lent 
Bhipmont  of  pletoB,  Hereafter,  only  tntoet?  end  pockets  ore 
to  be  supplied,  nnd  et  the  pricos  of  $3»972  j>ve£  100  end 
$1,160  por  100,  reenootlvoly,  communicated  to  Mr.  Bergeron  in 
onro  of  tho  12th  intrt.  The  extroacly  oloee  price  a?  do 
by  Mr.  Mdlnon  on  tho  pockets  will  oonvinoo  you  of  tho 
impossibility  of  our  continuing  to  supply  you  with  platoe 
at  the  90o  figure. 

We  can  chip  2000  of  these  plates  by  Ttovfmbor  lot  and  tho 
remaining  2000  by  tho  latte  pert  of  th/t  month.  If  this 
In  agreeable  please  ifivi  bo  at  the  earliest  possible  moment, 
nnd  obligo 

Very  truly  your 


Off ioe  Manager. 


_ _ 

_ L»U±fM 

_ :r.  ^  • 


_ ■ _ 

pjLatZj  _ Utr^cUL — dJ&ctsm*c*. 

- - - - - — 

_  -  - 

My  dear  Edison:  - 

I  have  just  cabled  you  as  follows s- 

"Telegraph  how  many  plates  shipped  what  steamer  I  have 
sent  check" 

which  I  herewith  beg  to  confirm. 

As  I  told  ,you  in  my  letter  of  the  29th  of  September 
the  Deutsche  Edison  Co.  sent  you  a  substantial  payment  on  that  day 
and  placed  an  order  for  4000  plates,  type  A.  I  have  also  paid  your 
auto  bill,  amounting  to  about  $1100. — ,  and  a  bill  if  or  dresses  for 
Mrs.  Edison  for  about  680  frcs.,  bo  that  our  account  has  recei-red 
a  substantial  credit. 

In  order  to  keep  things  moving  here,  it  is  of  the  greatest 
importance  that  the  type  A  plates  be  sent  us  as  quickly  as  possible, 
and  I  would  ask  your  kind  assistance  towards  this  end,  as  otherwise 
we  shall  be  in  a  very  bad  fix.  You  will  recollect  my  telling  you  that 
I  am  now  personally  responsible  for  the  payments  of  the  Edison  Co.  here 

-  1  - 


BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 

ThomaB  A.  Edison  Esq. 


and  appreciate  the  gravity  of  the  situation. 

The  hook  you  left  with  me,  on  the  Beach  car,  I  Bent  to  Mr. 
Bathenau  and  he  has  promised  to  turn  it  over  to  one  of  his  engineers 
who  is  familiar  with  the  battery  business.  I  am  afraid  though,  that 
he  will  turn  this  matter  over  to  the  Hagen  people  and  then,  of  course, 
there  will  be  no  tangible  result.  This  only  emphasises  the  importance 
that  our  orders  must  receive  prompt  attention,  bo  that  we  can  make  a 
good  showing. 

In  my  letter  of  Spptember  29th,  I  also  asked  that  you  notify 
me  when  the  above  plates,  type  -A-  will  be  shipped  and  am  now  awaiting 
your  reply  to  my  cablegram  of  to-day  requesting  the  same  information. 

^  ie  also  have  orders  on  hand  for  B  4  cells  and  as  we  have 

no  tools  for  this  size  of  cell  here,  I  am  enclosing  herewith  our  re¬ 
quisition  for  10a  cells,  type  B_J,  and  I  trust  you  will  gire  instruc¬ 
tions  that  these  be  shipped  as  quickly  as  at  all  possible.  In  fixing 
a  price  for  these  B  4  cells,  we  kould  ask  you  to  kindly  take  into 
consideration  that  we  will  supply  the  lithium  and  electrolyte  and 
also  form  the  cells  ourselves. 

Awaiting,  with  interest,  your  news  concerning  the  above 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Llewellyn  Park,  Orange , 



My  dear  Edison? 

I  have  received  your  wireless  message .explaining  what 
you  hare  said  regarding  the  German  industries  and  business  integrity. 

I  have  given  this  to  the  press  here  and  things  have  quieted  down  here, 
the  explanation  being  perfectly  satisfactory.  I  really  had  quite>  a 
hard  time  trying  to  pacify  the  people  over  here,  as  they  considered  the 
artiole  first  printed  a  great  insult  for  the  German  commercial  world, 
but  everything  is  o.  k.  now.  It  seems  to  me  that  Mr.  Valentine  tried 
to  be  a  little  too  smart  and  issued  statements  against  Germany  at  your 
expense . 

I  have  sent  Ur.  Rathenau  and  Geheimrat  von  Siemens 
a  photograph  in  your  name  and  they  will  no  doubt  thank  you  for  same 
direct.  If,  by  mistake,  anyone  should  send  you  any  bill  for  photo- 

-  1  - 

BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 

Mr.  Thomas  A, 

graphs,  etc. 
please  send 



,  taken  during  your  stay  over  here,  I  would  ask  you  to 
eame  to  me,  so  that  the  hills  will  not  he  paid  twice. 

I  hope  that  you  have  derived  a  lot  of  good  out  of  your 
■old  World"  and  with  hast  regards  to  Mrs.  Edison  and  your- 

trip  to  the 


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Machine  Department 
•'Mr* «» 

|  Bnn/KMR  >S 

m  ■*- 

I ty  dear  Edison? 

1  have  received  a  letter  from  your  Office  Manager 
dated  October  12th,  giving  ue  new  prices  for  hatteriee  as  follows? 

100  tubes - 1 - -#3.97 

100  pockets- - - - ---#1.163. 

This  is,  of  course,  somewhat  lower  than  the  former  rates,  but  even 
with  these  reduced  charges  we  cannot  see  our  way  clear  to  sell  the 
batteries  and  make  expenses.  Is  it  not  possible  for  you  to  let  us 
have  these  tubes  for  3  cents  each,  until  your  new  battery  iB  placed 

on  the  market? 

Your  price  for  iron  pockets  is  entirely  too  high  and 
we  can  produce  them  much  cheaper  here,  and  besides,  we  still  have 
a  lot  of  material  on  hand,  which  we  must  use  for  this  purpose. 

However,  there  is  another  way  to  help  us  out,  if  you 
should  find  it  impossible  to  furnish  us  the  tubing  at  3  cts.  each, 

V:  \ 

BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison. 


i.e.  make  us  your  lowest,  possible  price  for  crushed  nickel  hydrate 
and  nickel  flakes,  in  order  that  we  can  fill  the  tubes  ourselveB. 

We  have  twelve  tube-filling  machines  ready  and  alBO  a  machine  for 
rolling  the  tubes,  so  that  it  would  not  take  us  very  long  to  fill 
the  tubes  ourselves. 

1  know  perfectly  well,  that  you  are  not  making  any  money- 
no  matter  what  prioe  you  quote  ub,  but  you  will  appreciate  that 
we  will  have  to  main  age  somehow  to  linger  along  until  your  new,  small 
tube  battery  appears  on  the  market.  I  should  be  much  obliged,  therer 
fore,  if  you  would  please  let  me  have,  by  return  of  mail,  price  for 
1000  lbs.  of  nickel  hydrate  and  the  necessary  nickel  flakes  for 
this  quantity,  and  also  adviBe  me  whether  you  will  be  able  to  fur¬ 
nish  us  the  tube  complete  at  3  cents  each. 

As  I  have  already  written  you,  I  turned  the  "Beach"  car 
literature  over  to  Mr.  Rathenau  and  he  has  now  requested  us  to  give 
him  particulars,  concerning  three  different  sizes  of  batteries.  We 
have  given  him  prices  which  do  not  include  any  profit  whatsoever  for 
us  and  only  just  about  cover  our  general  expenses.  I  an  very  much 
afraid,  though,  that  Mr.  Rathenau* s  automobile  company  have  a  con¬ 
tract  with  the  Tudor  Co.  and  that  this  inquiry  1b  merely  a  matter  of 
form.  They  will  probably  reply  that  the  prioe  is  too  high,  at  any 
rate,  I  am  eagerly  awaiting  their  news  in  this  matter. 

Also  kindly  arrange  for  the  new  cells  to  be  sent  us,  at  once 
as  promised,  with  small  tubes,  having  l/B"  diameter. 

Thanking  you  in  anticipation  fbr  your  favorable 
consideration  of  the  above  -flours  sincerely. 



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Machine  Department 

c%  ,'fi/i, /,/ha,  r,«t, 

I  Bnn/gigt.  1 

'  [hi?' 

Vy  dear  Hdison! 

As  I  have  written  you  in  ny  letter  of  yesterday's  date, 
I  am  very  much  astonished  that  the  details  of  the  manufacture  of  your 
hattery  has  been  given  to  the  public  at  large  in  the  magazine  entit¬ 
led  "The  Auerioan  Machinist"  and  would  ask  you  to  kindly  let  me 
know  whether  this  has  been  done  with  your  consent. 

I  beg  to  point  out  to  you  that  your  patent  rights  in 
Surope  are  very  meagre  and  1  always  believed  that  it  was  understood 
betweenyou  and  pie.  that  even  if  the  patents  did  not  offer  a  great 
stronghold,  the  thorough  experience  and  experts  required  for  the 
manufacture  of  the  battery  would  offer  ample  protection  in  itBelf. 

How  if  these  processes  are  described  in  detail  and  broadcast,  as 
is  done  in  the  articles  I  refer  to,  X  am  afraid  that  when  the  time 
comes  for  you  to  reap  the  fruit  of  your  labors,  that  the  competition 
will  be  very  keen.  As  you  doubtless  know  there  is  a  German  edition 
of  the"American  Machinist"  and  I  am  sending  you  copy  of  a  German 
translation  of  the  first  article  published  about  your  battery , 

-  1  - 


BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison. 

I  have  not  got  a  copy  of  the  original  article  printed  in  English, 
and  also  copy  of  the  second  article  published  in  English,  which 
will  appear  in  the  next  issue  of  the  German  edition  during  the 
coming  week,  I  understand . 

I  8  hould  be  pleased  to  have  your  views  in  regard  to 
this  matter  and  remain,  with  best  wishes, 

Yours  very  truly, 

I  lut 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
IieWellyn  Park, 
Orange,  E.J. 



SUrgOnyczIm :  EGYENARAM. 
TELEFON  3-52,  3-63,  3-54. 

November  15th. 1911 

Hr . Thomas  A»Edi3on, 

Edioonb  Laboratory, 

Orange, New  -Tersey.U.S.A. 

Hy  dear  Sir;. 

y  Co*  / 

>  tv*-  *  x 

V""  .^t<r 

.yj*  J:,yFV\ 


<y>,  •< 

'  ,*  ^  " 

iav©  put?  mysblf* 

I  beg  bo  inform  you  tAat  I  havfe  put?  ^ 

in  touch  with  the  German  Edi3on  Storage  Battery  Go.  regarding  tfie  \f  ^ 

adaption  of  your  storage  battery  in  place  of  the  Tudor  lead  ones  we 
use  in  our  automobiles, and  they  have  made  us  a  proposition  that  is 
not  practical  or  feasible  to  carry  out  with  our  type  of  autos. 

Instead  of  the  44  lead  cells  that  we  have  in 
each  of  our  autos, and  which  are  all  placed  in  one  trough  that  has  its 
place  in  the  front  of  the  auto,  as  you  will  well  remember  and  which 
we  showed  you  while  here,the  German  Co.  have  proposed  to  us  YO  cells 
of  your  type  A  6,  of  which  only  28  find  room  in  the  trough.while  the 
rest  they  ask  us  to  place  underneath  the  chauffer's  seat  and  under  the 
seat  in  the  coupe'  which  is  simply  impossible.  The  chauffer,!  may 
mention  needs  the  box  under  his  seat,  while  it  is  out  of  question  to 
put  anything  under  the  seat  in  the  coupe. 

The  one  great  advantage  of  the  battery 
disposition  in  a  trough  at  the  front  of  the  that  by  a  single 
manipulation  the  whole  battery  can  be  taken  out  or  replaced  again.and 

it  ia  not  necessary  to  handle  tiny  other  part  of  the  auto. thus  in¬ 
suring  the  coupe'  against  all  risks  of  damage  or  excessive  usage. 

In  conclusion  I  may  state  that  the  question 
of  finding  a  suitable  bunk  in  existing  automobiles  for  the  disposition 
,*of  Edison  cells.which  require  much  more  3pace  than  the  lead  type,mu3t 
be  studied  better, and  ways  and  means  must  be  found  so  that  trials  can 
be  made  in  automobiles  that  were  not  expressly  built  for  them. 

I  remain. 

Your3  very  truly 


h£szv£hy  TARSASASl 

<3r  _ uir 

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Not. 20/1911. 

Nr.  Harry  Uilleri- 

In  aooordanoe  with  your  instruction! 

s  we  have  to-day  cabled  to  Kr. 

Bsrgnarin,  Berlin,  as  follows!  \ 




whioh  translated  reads i  * 








fhf/crr  * '  J 





Thomas  A  Edison  Inc, 

Orange  HJ 

Edison  New  York..  Can  secure  definitely  contract  fifteen 

hundred  ceils  paris  orrnnitusses  listprice  twenty  percent 

let  me  make  this  contract  .  Wire  when  you  can  furnisl 

Bergmann  Berlin 



°nw£e,  At,  A 

i  tuhing 

”2)  £CCG*|  r7< 

Mr.  Generaldrektor,  S.  Bergmann, 


Dear  Sir:- 

In  consequence  of  your  letter 
written  to  Mr.  Edison  on  the  6th  inst.  and  a 
letter  of  the  Deutshe  Edison  Accunralatoren  Co. 
written  to  me  on  the  8th  inst.,  Mr.  Edison 
gave  order  that  the  following  should  be  sent  to 

1  cell  A-8;  1  cell  A-10;  1  cell 
A-12;  1  tray  for  6  A-6  ,  without  cells,  including 

For  the  new  construction  of  the  trays 
it  is  necessary  that  the  cells  are  dipped  in  an 
insulating  material.  Besides  that  the  holders 
for  the  cells  must  be  made.  Regards  information 
for  making  the  insulating  stuff,  Mr.  Edison  decided: 

"And  say  that  we  will  send  over 
the  formula  for  the  black  dope  soon  as  we  are 
making  a  change  in  its  composition  and  application." 

Therefore  it  is  not  possible  today 
to  give  you  final  information  regards  the  new 
trays  or  the  kind  of  insulating  dope,  but  this  is 
to' be  done  after  Mr.  Edison  decides  so. 

I  want  to  draw  your  attention  to  the 
faot  that  it  will  be  simpler  and  include  less  loss 
of  time  if  you  give  a  formal  order  in  case  you 
want  any  samples  like  the  above  mentioned  cells 
and  tray.  If  such  an  order  does  not  go  with  your 
letter,  some  loss  of  time  is  unavoidable. 

Regarding  the  question  how  much 
lithium  should  be  put  in  the  "A"  type  oellB, 

Mr.  Holland  already  wrote  you  a  letter  and  I 
furthermore  gave  him  your  letter  of  the  6th  inst. 
on  request  of  Mr.  Edison. 

Mr.  Holland  said  that  he  wants 
to  v/ait  for  an  answer  from  you  on  his  letter  and 
that  he  then,  if  necessary,  will  take  this  matter 
up  again. 

Mr.  Holland  thinks  it  absolutely 
impossible  that  your  cells  should  have  suffered, 
because  the  renewing-solution  contained  instead  of 


15  gr.  of  lithium  per  liter  only  11.2  gr.  and 
he  explained  that  the  cells,  which  are  running 
here ,  have  been  treated  according  to  the  former 
description  nearly  two  years  and  no  doubtful 
results  whatever  were  experienced. 

As  far  as  I  am  informed  myself 
T  can  only  confirm  Hr.  Holland's  view.  It  is 
of  the  greatest  importance  that  the  first  filling 
of  the  cells  be  made  in  the  right  way.  If 
that  is  the  case,  it  is  not  possible,  that 
the  amount  of  lithium  can  become  so  poor  as  to  cause 
a  falling  out  of  the  hydrat ,  as  long  as  there 
exists  only  a  difference  of  4  gr .  lithium  in 
the  solution  which  serves  for  the  renewal. 

Hot  only  the  innumerable  trials  in  the 
laboratory  but  also  the  results  of  practical 
use  speak  against  such  a  possibility. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Signed:  H.  Kammerhoff. 



€dison -jdkkumulatoren  -  Company 

g.  m.  b.  Jp. 

Jfy  dear  Bdieont- 

I  teg  to  confirm  our  exchange  of  cablegrams 

•Can  secure  definitely  contract  fifteen  hundred  cells 
Paris  omnibuases  listprice  twenty  percent  discount 
let  me  make  this  contract  wire  when  you  can  furnish 
tubing"-  Bergmann; 

•We  cannot  do  as  requested  have  closed  with  Paris 
parties  to  work  Prance  and  England  -  Bdison  - 

and  am  also  in  receipt  of  your  letter  of  Bovember  7th. 

As  you  will  have  noted  from  ny  cablegram,  we  had  an 
opportunity  of  securing  a  contract  for  1200  to  1500  cells  for 
automobile  busses  for  Paris  and  this  would  have  been  a  good 
chance  for  us  to  make  a  Dollar.  Perhaps  you  will  still  see 
your  way  clear  to  permit  us  to  work  Prance  for  a  few  years  ? 
Itis  with  great  regret  that  I  have  stopped  our  Paris  negotia¬ 

Enclosed  please  find  a  translation  of  a  letter  from 
Mr.  Rathenau's  concern,  which  speaks  for  itself  and  from  which 

j)eutsche  €dison-JIkkumu/atoren-Compan y 

g.  m.  b.  f>. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison.  -  2  -  11.29.11. 

you  will  see  that  they  are  not  interested  in  your  battery .  I  never 
heard  a  word  from  Mr.  Rathenau  personally  since,  except  what  I 
wrote  you  before,  simply  that  he  turned  the  matter  over  to  his 
Manager  Wolff,  who  is  in  charge  of  the  Automobile  Department.  I 
am  going  to  write  Mr.  Rathenau  to  return  the  Beach  catalogue  and 
will  ibrward  same  to  Mr.  de  Rodor  in  Budapest,  in  compliance  with 
your  wishes.  I  have  already  written  Mr.  de  Rodor  in  regard  to  this 

You  are  quite  correct  in  stating  that  we  do  not  need 
the  hydroxide  and  we  only  desired  to  use  this  in  order  to  work  up 
our  materials  on  hand.  We  now  have  several  orders  for  Austria  and 
Hungary  and  are  sending  you  herewith  our  requisition  for 
200.000  tubes 

to  be  shipped  in  four  consignments,  during  a  term  of  three  monthB. 
Kindly  arrange  that  this  order  is  executed  promptly,  as  this  is 
of  the  greatest  importance  to  us. 

1  have  noted  your  remarks  with  regard  to  the  iron  very 
carefully  and  as  the  difference  in  the  cost  of  this  if  produced 
here  or  procured  from  America  is  so  slight  1  have  given  orders 
that  a  requisition  for 

3000  lbs. 

iron  mix  be  sent  you  and  should  he  obliged  if  you  would  see  to  it 
that  this  is  sent  along  promptly. 

We  are  also  sending  you  by  registered  mall  a  check 
for  $  4411.38  in  settlement  of  our  account  outstanding, Up  to 

October  1st. 

-  2  - 

Deutsche  €dison-Jtkkumulatoren-Company 

g.  m.  b.  n.  _ 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Jdisor 


Further,  we  heg  to  call  your  attention  to  the  fact  that 
up  to  the  present  date,  we  have  not  received  a  conflrmation^’rora 
you  for  the  order  for  50,000  tubes,  contained^i'our  letter  of 
November  :  7th.  Ve  trust,  however,  nevertheless  that  this  order  is 

well  in  hand  i 
all  possible . 

w'and  that  shipment  willbe  made  as  quickly  as  at 

r  should  esteem ,i"t  a  favor  if  you  would  issue  instruc¬ 
tions  that  our  orders  receive  prompt  attention  and  trusting  to 
hear  from  you  when  delivery  will  he  effected,  X  am 
s  very  truly. 

A  %% 
44* A  *  4 


A  f 

Please  telegraph  me  what  has  been  shipped. 





Deutsche  Edison-Akkumulatoren-Comp . 

z.Hd.d.Herrn  Generaldirektor  Bergmann, 
Berlin  N.  20. 

9  Drontheimerstr .  35/38. 

Sehr  geehrter  Herr  Generaldirektor l 

Ich  besitze  Ihre  gafl.Offsrte  von  23.V.H.  und 
hahe  die  in  derselhen  au^afUhrten  Daten  einen  genauen 
Vergleiche  mit  den  von  uns  hislang  verwendeten  Blei- 
hatterlen  unterworfen.  Hierhei  hat  sich  horausgestellt, 
daes,  ahgesehen  von  dem  hedeutend  hoheren  Anschaffungs- 
preise,  die  Grundflache  der  Batterie  bo  groese  Dimen- 
slonen  aufweist,  daes  as  unmoglich  1st,  eine  passende 
Batterie,  z.B.  In  unaeren  Droschkentyp  einzubauen.- 
Ich  sehe  nioh  daher  zu  meinom  Bsdauern  gezwungen,  von 
einem  Versuche  abzusehen. 

Die  welteren  Ultteilungen  tiber  die  ArbeitBweise 
der  Batterie  hahen  mich  in  hohem  Masse  lnteressiert  und 
ich  sage  Ihnen  hlerfGr  meinen  verhindlichsten  Dank. 


Hit  dam  Ausdrucka  meiner  vorzuglichstan  Hocha^- 
tung,  empfahle  ich  mloh,  aahr  gaahrtar  Harr  Genaral- 

als  Ihr  ganz  ergetener 




5 sue  Automobil-Oesellschaft , 

Berl in-OberschSneweide , 

Bovember  24th,  1911. 

Deutsche  Bdison  Akkumulatoren  Comp. 

Attention*  Hr.  Bergmann,  general  Director. 

Berlin  H.  20. 
Dromtheimerstr .  35/38. 

Dear  Kr.  Ber  gaannt- 

X  am  in  receipt  of  your  quotation  of  the  23rd 
ult.  and  have  had  a  careful  comparison  made,  between  the  data 
contained  therein  and  the  lead  batteries  used  by  ub  up  to  the 
present.  Brora  this  we  have  ascertained  that  apart  from  the  much 
higher  cost,  the  area  of  the  battery  is  such  as  to  render  it  im¬ 
possible  to  find  room  for  a  suitable  battery  in  our  type  of  cab. 

I  am,  therefc  e,  to  my  regret,  compelled  to  desist  from  making 
a  test. 

The  other  particulars,  concerning  the  mode  of  opera¬ 
tion  of  the  battery  have  interested  me  immensely  and  I  wish  to 
express  my  best  thanks  for  seme. 

With  the  expression  of  ny  v«iy  best  respects,  X  beg 
to  remain,  Bear  Ur.  Bergmann, 

Yours  very  Ihithfully , 

(signed)  -illegible- 



Hr.  Thoaao  A.  IUhb. 

X  did  Mt  npiit  that  Mr.  lathonau  wold  «rdor  any 
battorlaa,  but  thought  that  cat  iof  gratltada  an*  nipiot  far  you, 
ho  would,  at  loaot,  hato  tabaa  tho  tradblo  to  giro  tho  battaiy  aao 
fair  trial.  X  iaforaad  hla  partita  that  if  thoy  daairod  ta  aaka 
tidal,  I  would  ha  willing  to  faavlah  thaai  a  battery  and  thay  would 
nut  have  to  pay  a  oaat  for  it  ad  aould  ratura  aawa  ta  at,  if  wot 
aatlaf notary ,  hut  thoy  would  not  aroa  do  that  ta  aoat  you. 

I  hin  juat  aaea  tho  aueloaad  plotura  ia  oaa  of  tho 
aacaaiaaa,  illuatratluf  tha  groat,  oroat  whoa  you  wura  With  your 
jrlaaA  Bathoaaa  and  thought  it  would  probably  lataroat  you. 



Friedrich  Kerl-Ufer  2-1. 


J.1J073 .2319.  BERLIN  NW.,  de^.*,D«a«B(ber  1911. 

3ehr  gaehrter  Herr  Oeneraldlr ektor .  , 

in  WJflioAer  Brledlgung  Ibrea  Oeehrtea 
Tom  80.  M.  reloAe  ioA  die  nir  a.  Zt. 
traundllohat  ttberlasBenan  Unterlagea  Aetr. 
die  Bdieoa-Batterl#  att  varAladlioAem  Dank  . 
aobei  wieder  aurtiok  and  Aegrttaae  Sie 
mtt  ergaAaaar  HooAaoAtuag 

H#rr  Gaaaraldlrelrtor  3.  Bargxaaan 


muri i  *uhtrheitaetB-oeeeiiaai»ft, 

i. a.». 

vrletrieh  Karl  Ufer  t  -  4 

HrUn  It,  PeeeBber  6th,  1911. 

Zb  aply  te  year  eel 

ult.,  1  hag  ta  return  herewith ,  with  heat 
aeneeml«g  the  atlacn  battery,  Ml*  re 

rat  letter  ef  the  80th 
;h*ka,  the  papa 

klBtly  furnlehe*  ■ 


hr.  8.  Mpue, 
OeBeral  Ureeter. 

Perils  18. 

Mo  cm 

.  Bachman  fr.  Boo :  - 

am  today  advising  Mr.  Borgmann 
i  their  order  41152  of  Novemhor 


,7.  IKOHABD. 


.  'A 

fiV  ,  ,  Deutsche  Edison  Akkumulatoron  Co. , 

y;i  !  35  DrontheimerBtrasse, 

a1  Berlin,  Germany. 


We  Beg  to  confirm  formal  acknowledge¬ 
ment  of  your  order  #1153,  November  30th,  roferrod 
to  in  youra  of  the  29th  ult.,and  wouia  adviBe  that 
instead  of  dividing  200,000  tuhoB  in  4  shipments 
during  a  period  of  throe  months,  wo  will  Bhip  100,000 
on  January  13th,  an  additional  50,000  on  February  3rd 
and  the  remaining  60,000  on  February  24th.  This  will 
Bring  it  well  within  the  throe  months  period.  1,000 
lBa.  of  the  3,000  lBo.  Of  Iron  Mix  was  shipped  By  the 
Edison  Chemioal  Works  on  the  16th  inst. ,  ana  the  Balance 
of  the  order  will  Be  forwarded  vory  shortly. 

The  prioe  on  the  Nickel  TuBob  will  Be  $3,972 
per  hundred  as  quoted  you  By  Mr.  Edison  in  letter  of  Oct. 
12th,  and  price  on  the  Iron  Mix  will  Be  »8/!  per  IB. , 
paoking  and  freight  to  How  York  extra.  The  advance  on 
the  prioe  of  Iron  Mix  over  the  oia  prioe  of  34 p  represents  a 
proportion  of  the  royalty  of  Mr.  Edison,  of  40fS  per  A-4 

In  your  remittance  of  $4411.38  rooently  re- 
oelved  you  failed  to  enclose  the  Bills  oovoring  auto  hire 
of  $1100.00  inourrea  By  Mr.  Edison  <m  his  European  trip 
and  Bill  for  §148.60,  drosses  for  Mrs.  Edison,  Both  of 
which  items  you  oharged  to  our  account  os  of  September 
28th.  We  requested  that  these  Bills  Bo  sent  us  in  our 
letter  o-r  OotoBer  12th  ana  expooted  to  receive  them  with 
the  next  remittance.  You  will  appreciate  the  necessity 
of  our  having  them  Before  proper  erndit  can  Be  made  to  | 

your  aooount  and  disposition  of  the  items  at  this  end.  j 

We  assure  you  that  prompt  attention  will  Be  i 

given  to  the  order  now  in  our  hands,  as  well  as  future 

Youra  very  truly, 




Office  Manager. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Battery,  Storage  -  Railroad  (E-11-22) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  use  of  Edison’s 
alkaline  storage  battery  in  railroads  and  locomotives.  Most  of  the  letters 
pertain  to  the  electrification  of  terminals  in  Chicago.  Several  items  concern 
visitors  to  West  Orange  and  experiments  with  Edison's  locomotive  battery. 
Among  the  documents  in  Edison's  hand  are  draft  letters  to  consulting 
engineer  Horace  F.  Parshall  and  to  Louis  A.  Ferguson  of  the  Commonwealth 
Edison  Co.  in  Chicago.  Other  correspondents  include  Edison's  chief  engineer, 
Donald  M.  Bliss;  C.  Pickard,  a  developerfrom  the  Canadian  Maritimes;  Gibbs 
&  Hill  of  New  York,  consulting  engineers  for  the  Chicago  Chamber  of 
Commerce;  and  representatives  of  the  Baldwin  Locomotive  Works. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 

How  York,  January  17,  1911. 

I,lr.  D.  M.  Bliss,  jb^V  <4uv  - 

Chief  Engineer,  Edison  Laboratories ,  '  '&■ 

Orange^  £  - £ 

,  Ui-ea-  v®  , 

""  i^Lfe  «  A~-JU  ifeTKaa,.  U^tfc 

“  1  vOX  h™’  *° 

a, ora  «to  to  to 

ami'  — 


Prinoo  Edward  Island,  ir 
sidorablo  advantage  to  3 
that  ho  had  discussed  ti 
the  easy  grades  on  the  line 
lie  fools  that  it  would  ho  p 

wife  i 


occurrod  to  me 

iMpernor./ft.  letter  from  Hr.  Edison  stating  j 

i  «Av  <m  »Lr„  wuy-te.  Ka. .cwUuAa 

rith  me  and  talcing  into  consideration 

'VVA-  «!>«***■*•(  ^  C-  *  s 

. . .ville  to_Ca]jo  faraen||Ji«g»^”“"'' 

mat?Gi*  If: 


You  can  quite  readily  understand'  that  "this  is  very 
X  state  that 

no cos Gary 

>  of.,  tho  leading  and  very  influential  promoters  in 
Montreal,  and  who  is  vory  largely  interested  in  electric  propositions  in 
Couth  America,  Morel oo  and  California,  lauglied  at  the  idea  of  storage 
batteries.  ^  *.  •  f^L 

If  you  will  leindly  tall:  this  matter  over  with  I.Ir.  Edison  and, 
if  possible,  have  him  write  a  personal  letter  boaring  on  the  subject. 
Phis  with  tho  information  which  tlio  otlior  departments  aro  going  to  send 
mo  will  vory  materially  aid  in  carrying  out  the  undertalcing. 

X  will  bo  at  tho  Manhattan  V/ednosday  and  Thursday.  .Again 
thanking  you  for  your  kindness,  I  am, 

llr,  Thomas  A.  Vdlaon, 

Orange,  New  Jersey, 

NT.  rr,KA!J(? 

Dear  SJjm* 

kindly  peter  to  our  conversation  of  the  16th  regard¬ 
ing  heavy  storage  hattery  locomotive  for  terminal  work,  ffe 
find  It  mecmmamps  -te  *ork  up  jutm/s  ^rcllnlnary  flats  on  the  com¬ 
plete  elect vt&eglAfm  **  flniofcljr  *a  possible,  and  will  thank  you 
for  anything  y«n  ean  flot«pa»as  hurrying  the  necessary  figures 

on  the  battery- 

"Thanking  yoa  la  advance.  »  are, 
Wary  truly  yours, 

BAl.OWtN  |  nroMoTivF^ 
CLtu «... ; ... 


4c  (L^  fccR. 


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therein  seems  attractive  from  pur  point  of  view.  Jt  yet  remains 
for  us,  however,  to  -do  more  Retailed  figuring  whichwill  Involve 
the  approximate  weight,  alee,  and  number  of  flells  of  battery  re¬ 
quired.  If  year  engineers  are  not  ^already  working  on  this*  will 
you  kindly  Bee  that  we  nrp  supplied  with  at  least  .appPOifliBBte, 
figures  of  this  kind. 

It  now  looks  an  though  It  would  be  deal  rob  la  to 
carry  the  whole  battery  on  e.  separate  tender  phloh  pould  then  be 
entirely  disconnected  and  a  new  fully  charged  one  aubetltptddt- 
This,  of  course,  would  havev*i>e  ndyant 0(C\  Hoping  ^ho  «SW» 
locomotive  and>"  engine  creb  Jn  pprvloe^ 

Awaiting  your  further  advices  upd  thawing  ?9F  th» 
useful  information  so  far  given,  we  prp, 

Very  truly  your  a. 


ELECTfflC  LOCOMuKy^tojEfflENTi 

jforb,  iiSacon  &  ^avie, 

JUN  ±2  ,?  1 1 

New  York,  May  31,  1911. 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Thinking  that  it  may  be  of  interest  we  are  sending  you 
under  separate  cover,  copy  of  the  report  which  we  have  made  upon 
the  service  and  equipment  of  the  Philadelphia  Rapid  Transit  Company 
for  the  Pennsylvania  State  Railroad  Commission. 

Very  truly  yours, 

iUc  ^ c  P— 

y  wc^ia  clu  -  -cc. 

„rdU  y 

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M  10  il 

Commonwealth  Edison  Company, 


JU2U3  8t]l,  1911. 

Mr.l’honas  A.  ECU b on, 

Edison  laboratories. 

Yfest  Orange,  Her/  Jersey. 

lily  doer  Ur. Edison; 

E oil owing  our  conversation  of  last  Eriday  at  your  lab¬ 
oratory  in  relation  to  the  use  of  storage  battery  locomotives  in 
connection  with  our  branch  line  from  the  main  lino  of  the  03iicaSo 
a  northwestern  Railway  to  our  now  northwest  Station.  I  am  sending 
you  enclosed  ah.  abstract  of  specifications  for  two  60-ton  loco¬ 
motives  which  are  already  upon  order  from  the  General  Electric 


I  should  be  glad  if  you  would  loot  these  over  and  ad- 
viae  me  what  battery  you  would  propose  to  usefor  this  purpose, 
giving  weight  of  battery;  oar  end  trucks  to  carry  it;  ovor-all 

ata.bblob.  01  .»»!  «■*>•  0“*  °f 

tovy  and  housing*  oomplcto,  ready  for  the  rails. 

I  should  be  glad,  also,  if  you  would  advise  me  whether 

^  «.  A—  -  —  p—  *-  *£  r tM;:  r 

vtbloli  jou  had  lb  Blr-il  tt*  P«P«“  “  •  “ 

Pl«..  6lv.  «  «» 

«.  b.««y.  -a  1“4i  "*  ”™“1 

•>  of  oharging.  >, 

ary  trulj 


Abstract  of  specifications  for  Two  60-ton  locomotives 
Commonwealth  Edison  Company 

1.  General  Design 

Steel  platform  carrying  a  steel  cab  cold  mounted  on 
two  articulated  truoks  equipped  with  standard  geared  rail¬ 
way  motors.  G.E.  Company's  outline  drawing  T-844160. 

2.  Running  Gear 

Pour  driving  wheels  and  steel  frame  of  locomotive 
typo  carrying  draft  gear  at  one  end  and  connected  at 
other  end  by  hinge  to  second  truck,  the  whole  completely 

3.  Voltage 

600  volts  direct  current. 

4.  Collecting  Bovices 

Both  underrunning  third  rail  and  pantagraph  trolley. 

5.  Motors 

Pour  typo  UK. -207  standard,  box  frame,  commutating  polo, 
geared,  railway  motors. 

6.  Control  Equipment 

Type  "M"  single  unit,  two  master  controllers,  seven 
steps  in  series  and  five  steps  in  parallel. 

7.  capacity 

A.  At  rated  load  of  motors,  tractive  effort  15,000 
pounds;  the  speed  8.2  miles  per  hour;  total  input  460 
amperes  at  600  volts. 

B.  Maximum  instantaneous  tractive  effort  for  start¬ 
ing  possibly  30,000  pounds,  input  425  amperes  por  motor 
assuming  26$  co-officient  adhesion.  The  tractive  effort 
is  equivalent  to  1020  kw.  at  moment  of  starting,  and  aftor 
that  an  average  of  probably  300  kw.  normal  operation. 

.  65-  (ft./?* 




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Orange*  Hew  Jersey*  jy|<;  :iQ  ^  4 

Dear  Sir:-  f  fe  .J 

Kindly  refer  to  our  letter  of  May  87th  and  advice 
to  approximately  when  we  nay  expect  the  Information  reque&ed^  j 
therein.  He  can  realize  that  this  may  require  some  consBLar«S  \  J 
able  figuring,  but  we  are  anxious  to  proceed  with  our  laySpt  %  >> 

66  rapidly  as  poeaible.  ^  ^ 

Thanking  you  In  advance,  we  are. 

Very  truly  yeura, 




UiSu  Ckjrvc.  | — Jt^j 

(3U»  147S. 

tfAVT<t*nu»  C*-4  ^ 

/^.r.  <n  •j* 

0*  ^ 

Ur%*  J 

41  Vrf'ft- 

Baldwin  J.oconotive  vjorfce, 

Philadelphia,  Fa. 

V/e  hawe  data  on  storage  Battery  for  loconotive.  r^ggeet 

your  electrical  engineer  cone  to  Laboratory  to  get  explanation.. 



0&»2niJX%lS £jLt*+v&*rG-(it 





1U  ^  «• 


Ginns  &  Hill 



PKXSSYI.VASI.V  Station  December  7,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomas^.  ££.  **  ^ZZ 

Dear  Sirs  XW  f 

Aa  oonaultlnG  engineers  for  the  Chioago  Chamber  of  Come  roe 

Committee  on  smoke  abatement  we  are  considering  the  uae/t  ngjrar  for 

operating  railway  terminala,  both  freight  and  pasaengefr,  aa&/tttej  J  BP®^5'1 

consideration  to  the  lateat  development  in  storage  bafrfS£iea 
electric  locomotives,  eapeoially  for  yard  snitching  purposes. 

in  a  largo  freight  classification  yard  there  are,  of  course, 
difficulties  in  the  way  of  installing  third  rail  or  overhead  trolley,  and  the 
storage  battery  locomotive  if  commercially  practicable  for  this  class  of  service 
would  possess  many  advantages. 

We  are  writing,  therefore,  to  ash  that  you  advise  us  as  to  the 
feasibility  of  your  improved  type  of  battery  for  this  class  of  service,  and  that 
you  give  us  some  general  figures  on  capacity,  weight  and  cost,  which  nay  safely 
be  used  in  our  present  preliminary  study  of  the  question. 

Such  a  looonotive  of  the  type  Indicated  should  be  capable  of 
the  same  performance  as.. a"  steam  switching  locomotive  with  four  pairs  of  driving 
wheels  end  having  -a  ■  weight  of  about  80  tons  on  the  drivers.  The  speed  of  the 
locomotive  would  be  from  eight  to  twelve  miles  per  hour,  depending  on  the  load 
handled,  and  it  should  have  a  maximum  draw  bar  pill  of  approximately  40,000  lbs. 
The  average  load  would,  of  course,  he  small  as  the  service  would  vary  from  light 
engine  movements  to  the  maximum  train  above  indicated,  the  majority  of  the  move- 


/  U  .  <*Ei»  W~of  ^  |  „jU  ,v^— 


u:^  «->-»  ^  “*  'x 

3  v  ■  a,t^  <ms^-^*-~~ 

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^  »^>r  ,Alr  dw 

....  „.,tc«/c. 


Lei-v  <«  ewv**»  Cr 

Cc?«.<  AA.^a( 

L  ^%^^l,Luv 

X!Z:zh^t^  "  -2 

T.  A.  B. 


peoenber  7,  1911. 

menf  being  not  mow  than  ten  or  twelve  oare.  In  the  preeent  case  the  average 
conditiona  would  he  equivalent  to  level  track.  hut  grades  of  from  .6  to  1  percent 
would  be  enoountered. 

Will  you  kindly  adviee  as  to  whether  you  are  in  poeition  to 
furnish  batteries  to  meet  the  service  conditions  above  indicated,  and  if  so  lot  u, 
have  full  particulars  as  to  weight,  cost,  rate  of  discharge  and  charge,  time  re¬ 
quired  for  ohargine  and  other  Information  bearing  upon  the  subject.  ' 

Very  truly  yours. 

Consulting  Engineers. 


/.)/,  ///'/!//  r'r>y//w 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 
West  Orange 

Dear  Sir:- 

rf/t/Jy/V/VY//,  December  B,  1913 

,  tr»-e-^'  .  -  .  , 

CLcJ*^ .  ^  * 

1/  Q^_«c,w_  V-K'r  / 

Last  July,  in  company  vith^our^.^ile,  ^1  ^Ji^af,l.4v,.c. » 
your  plant  and  had  a  very  int^ting  ^ ^ •f' 

your  new  storage  battery  whi Jh^e^ere'' considering  usin|)in^ 

»u>  crw.  tXZX  i 

—  -  -  time  you  gave  ui 

ar  - 

rates,  - 

■*  o-u-%! 

iticed  that  these  batteries  were  be- 


s  you  gave  uej  a^diagram 
es^w^th  temperatures,  etc.,| 

an  electric  locomotive .  At  thi 
showing  the  charge  and  disjoin^ 
for  the  c-8  cell. 

Recently  I  have  i 

ing  used  very  successfully  for  running  street  cars,  and  I  i 
now  asked  by  the  Chief  Engineer  of  the  Chicago  Electrification 
and  smoke  Abatement  committee  to  find  out  from  you  whether 
there  are  any  late  developments  regarding  this  battery,  and  whether 
you  have  any  more  positive  and  complete  information  as  to  the 
actual  working  of  these  bitteries  instead  of  the  test  cells  up¬ 
on  which  your  experiments  had  been  made  last  July.  If  there  are 
any  later  developments  or  any  further  tests,  we  would  be  glad 
if  you  could  send  us  a  record,  as  we  wish  to  make  a  report  to 
the  Chicago  Commission  on  this  subject. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Consulting  Engineer . 


^December  15th  11. 

Baldwin  Locomotive  Works, 

Philadelphia,  Penna. 

Attention  Ur.  GeoyjR.  Henderson-Consulting  Engineer. 
Bear  Sir:- 

Your  letter  of  the  8th  instant  regarding 
storage  hWeries  X  electric  locomot  Wreceived. 

The  only  nwWloplnt  to  date  is  in^e  manufacture 
of  special  ap&^W. \  to,  the  couU  of  construction, 
for  our  15<5«npere  hohAstorage  capacity  cell,  and/ 
of  whic now  -o\,W  400/celle  per  day. 

Some  improvement^  ha^e  also  Been  a 
mechanism  of  the  cell,  and  lumber  of  ezpei 
on  test,  show  great  poBsiblii\ies  for  furljJ 
in  rapidity  of  charge  and/discJ 

Mr.  Beach  ha/ cars  running  at  j 
hour  and  he  is  now  Building  some  to\ 
case  the  cells  are^mder  the  seats  < 
of  the  car. 

i  the 

J the  body 

■/  / 

e/eeems  to  1 

irs  tp-^railw^s  *o  wr-*” 
s  their  branchiliiHte  • 

-ed  saie 
rd  steax 

Yours  very  truly, 


■  (c®^  c 

1L  ^  vu>  ^co  ji^o^C^^rXT^c,-^ 
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<*,(*«>  ^rvtcc  y<XHiaTi  ftT  CCCt jl>-L6'd%m 

Ub&J'-les-bZ^  evorj' C.  c  4. 

r  "  x 

.1M-  «c_<£,  (L  ;d) 

S)KL«_.X^lt^Cu.^  c.c~C?  ®-  vCl 

.  Ce.^.  c LeuJ-u  cl-  ^ ■ts'°'ri*— 

OCJ^.  dPyud  fi  <y£r>^  UA  ^  ^cOL-* 


Y^~  ^  '?/(v 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Battery,  Storage  -  Submarines  (E-11-23) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  use  °f  Epson's 
storage  battery  in  submarines,  torpedo  boats,  warships,  and  other  naval 
vessels.  Although  there  are  a  few  items  in  Edison  s  hand  or  bearing  Edison 
marginalia,  the  documents  consist  primarily  of  typewritten  letters  to  Edison 
from  his  chief  engineer  and  representative  in  naval  matters  Miller  Reese 
Hutchison  Some  letters  are  addressed  to  Frank  L.  Dyer  in  his  capacity  as 
“  prudent  o,  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Co.  Other 
include  foreign  associates  Sigmund  Bergmann  in  Germany  and  Maunce  E. 
Fox  in  Russia.  Most  of  the  documents  concern  attempts  to  elicit  decisions  by 
the  U.S.  government  and  foreign  governments  regarding  the  purchase i  and 
adoption  of  storage  batteries  for  naval  vessels.  Some  items  pertain  to  the 
comparativeperformance  of  Edison's  and  competitors'  batteries  Also 
included  are  articles  from  foreign  newspapers,  which  were  translated  on 
Edison's  behalf  during  his  trip  to  Europe  in  1911. 

ADDroximately  90  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  mater  Jconsists  of  unsolicited  correspondence,  routine  letters  of 
acknowledgment,  and  duplicates. 

January  10,  I?*II 

fly  doar  iir.  Ediuon, 

An  n  nuisriary  of  r.iy  calculatione 
T  bop  to  •mi'iimit  the  following  approximate 

It  •.■ill  I 

Cell,  eonniotinp,  of  I?-'  P  Pooitiveo  and 
i^,  filled  with  electrolyte,  a?p.  e-OS  Iho 

,bn  Cuttle! 

hi  ttitiJui,  i 
niioh  an  v< 
l  bul Inn t 

;  will  tra 
nt  Kano 

hi  h.Hdti 
;nSriut  :iC 
i.  or  70;: 

On  the  throe  hour  rate  the  irs-d  does  3f»  oto  J  ■ 

ivid  we  ear.  do  3ft  Smote  nuro  u;id.  4 3.  S>  -knots  ’.ouwoiy, 

5  Of  6ft?'  and  Wfi  respectively. 

pr*H*pt'novb*n rlne  boats  o'f  the  U.S.Vavy,  wo  will  nail-  0 ,8*.5  o. 
SSTb  16  Cells,  equivalent ,  at  fcXOO.QO  per  K.W.Hr.  t,  d  ir.  mt. 

If,  within  the  next  five  years-  the  life  mxivm  of  Send 
in  riot:  bont.0-  we  pet  the  battery  buainone  ui  -.he 

will  msll'8,8Ift  of 

theft  If.  Cells,  equ&vr.. . ,  -  - 

(  t!u*  ri’to-oharpo  of  lend  cello  J-te  . 
t!io  promt  buninoBH  of  Pv>, 7X0,000. ui 

!  :>xr>.  M  HI  Colls  will  of 

37. 361. 00ft  ft"  tubes,  . ,, 

I  06JJ,»S8  hicV.el  plates  havims  the  •>"  tuxia,(  A  uUo) 
iJisa’.XttO  Iron  pint. os ,  (A  t'ir.o)  ,  .  ,  . 

"{auiveient  to  360,90A  A-4  Cells,  the  labor  and 

rate  rial  of  mounting  the  plutso  on  large  e.i  ids 

arterial  of  mounting  the  plutso 

;  ft.'ho m%  c oui va.l cn t ( *i }  to  r rtru i. c 
plates  of  pooltivo  and-  5  of  nor* 


li al  Horse 

ton  are  selling  A-4  ' Colls  at  a  price  par  i 
Power  «*ur  tt00iQ0  por  K^.Hr.  of  tUo  13-19  cell,;  you  got 

turning  tiv 
out  down  y 
the  .mine  o 

e  S-I9  cell  out  in  quantity,  your  production 
our  overhead  oxponbo  no  that  the  v  tube  can 
ij.  j.ooiilhly  lout  than  the  tube  plain  now. 

will  have 
he  i-iado  for 

Vhe  equivalent  of  ^.VP'S  !!  "I0'; i^nn+irrated  CellB 

iu  about  860,904.1b  antorinl  and  labor .  ""'gg-  "day*  it*  would 
On  y-r  vninent  ^aei^u^e^^  cell.^  JV,  * 

It1  iB  thorn^ore “^parent  that  the  .huuineun  iu  worth  a°ine 

It  h^u  the' additional  advantaBo  of  being  Rood  pay  and  no  bad  oolloo 

tion  account. 


My  dear  Mr.  Moadoworaft, 

I  am  enclosing  data  sheets  re.  Submarine  Cells. 

I  will  appreciate  it  if  you  will  have  three  Bets  type¬ 
written  about  as  arranged  on  the  "Adder"  sheet  with  which  I  took 
more  pains  than  with  the  rest.  One  Bet  goes  into  a  book  for 
Mr.  EdiBon's  desk,  with  the  other  data  1  gave  you.  The  other  eet 
goes  into  a  book  for  my  Submarine  files  together  with  a  copy  of 
the  data  I  gave  you  today.  The  remaining  Bet  of  these  hfee  pageB 
I  would  like  to  have  for  my  pocket  book,  as  mine  are  made  out  with 
pen  and  ink. 

I  may  not  get  over  to  the  Laboratory  today  unless  that 
data  comes  in  from  Washington.  1  suppose  they  are  sending  it  by 
mail  instead  of  telegraph  and  I  am  anxious  to  check  up  on  these 
figures  as  quickly  as  possible.  If  those  Navy  fellows  did  anything 
in  a  hurry  they  would  faint  from  over  work. 

I  will  be  at  my  office  practically  all  day  after  II  A.M. 

•//  try  t  S'/ori-rt,  •  SnA>.-> 

January  13,  1911. 

Mr.  Frank  L  Dyer,  Vice  Pres., 

Edison.  Storage  Battery  Co., 

Orange ,  N .  J . 

My  dear  Mr.  Dyer 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  letter  of  the  10th  instant, 
and  it  will  afford  me  a  great  deal  of  pleasure  to  keep  you  posted 
as  to  developments  in  my  Navy  end  of  the  battery  business  iron 
tine  to  tine. 

The  next  move  is  to  build  one  of  the  S19  cells 
and  subject  it  to  actual  submarine  cdnditicns .  The  loading  machine 
fo -r  l/e"  tubes  will  soon  be  finished,  and  the  rest  of  the  work 

UrP-ss  the  foreign  submarines  operate  at  different 
voltages  and  have  different  battery  tank  capacities  than  the 
America’-'  beats,  I  think  I  have  one  size  of  cell,  whicn  in  height 
and  width,  will  fit  all  of  the  boats.  Tt  may  be  necessary  to  nake^an 
eight  positive  type  S  for  the  "Adder"  clans  type  of  submarines  for 
the  United  States  Navy,  unless  I  can.  get  the  Department  to  put  120 
volt  motors  in  them,  in  place  of  the  240  volt  motors  they  have 
now.  This  is  the  oldest  type  of  boat  built,  but  there  a^e- seven 
of  them,  and  therefore  the  battery  renewals,  in  which  we  a_e  very 
much  interested,  are  long  since  due. 

At  >!ihespnfisno  new  batteries  are  being  bought  for 
submarines  by  this’  Navy.  Tho  present  batteries  are  being  patched 
up  and  made  to  do,  until  our  battery  comoo  out. 

I  must  say  it  has  been  a  very  difficult  job  to  break 
up  the  political  influence  and  lead  pipe  cinch  the  Holland  Boat 
Company  has  enjoyed  up  to  the  present  time Heretofore  the  govern 
ment  had  to  take  a  boat  with  any  kind  of  a  battery  the  .-lolland 
Company  wanted  to  put  in,  provided  the  boat  would  come  up  to  her 
mileage  per  charge  and  speed  on  the  trial  trip.  Also  renewal 
parts,  such  as.  plates,  separators  etc.  had  to  be  purchased  from  the 
Holland  Company,  or  if  purchased  from  the  Electric  Batte: 
the  Holland  people  got  their  rake-off.  The  pr^ce  of  such  partB 
both  companies  was  the  same. 

X 1  f,t±st  succeeded  in  pointing  out  and  proving  the 
alliince  between  the  Holland  Boat  Company  and  the  Electric  Storage 
Battery' Company.  I  followed  this  up  by  putting  it  up  to  the  Depart- 

Mr.  Frank  L  Dyer, 

1-13-11 i 

raent  whether  they  wanted  to  continue  under  this  yoka  or 
the  voke  o**f,  and  specify  whatever  battery  they,  wanted  to  use  in  zne 
boats!  It  was  put  up  to  me  very  plainly  by  the  Holland  Company, 
that  if  we  did  not  tie  up  with  them  and  supply  submarine  type 
batteries  exclusively  in  this  country,  that  we  could  not  sell  any 
batteries  to  the  Government,  I  disproved  this  assertion  bj  Going 

to  Washington  and  sailing  a  complete  submarine  battery  equipment 

for  the  Cuttlefish,  at  an  unnamed  price,  indefinite  delivery, 
and  indefinite  capacity.  I  also  burrowed  the  Cuttlefish  for  two 
or  three  months  to  experiment  with,  after  the  battery  eqiilpm.nt 
goes  in.  These  ejsperiments  I  will  conduct  myself »  1 °£  and ifterh 

these  tests  have  been  finished,  specificatio: 
which  all  submarine  batteries  moat  come  up  , 

rand  crew,  and  after 
>  will  be  drawn  ,  to 
>r  they  will  not  ba 

After  I  had  sold  this  battery  equipment  and  was 
playing  safe,  I  told  the  submarine  people  (U*  "°t  °are^to  consiai 
tvinp  uo  v/ith  them  at  the  present  time,  "-a  -tr*  J5d.  son  is  ..vexse 
to  doing  business  on  anything  which  he  has  not  finished  ana  thor¬ 
oughly  tested  to  his  satisfaction,  I  therefore  l‘-f t  r.Lo  , 

open,  and  their  representative  departed  dlr.iippc-.n-ed  bu  .  hopeful . 

I  did  this  without  committing -ourselves  in  any  way  bu  -  * 

rio  that  if  wo  need  any  information  regarding  detdils  of  -hJ  B£h 
marines,  which  we  might  net  succeed  in  getting  otherwise,  -hat  we 

etty  apt  to  get  them  from  1 

I  am  now  star tir 
submarines  in  the  seme  manner,, 
at  an  early  date  as  to  the  numt 
ine  type  cells  needed  by  each  c 
U.  S.  conditions. 

Rverv  time  I  hear  fnom  Washington,-  or  visit  the 
Department,  the' request  is  earnestly  reposed  that  we  do  all  in 
our  power  to  finish  the  Cuttlefish  battery,  so  th*-.  the  tee-e  can 
be  completed  a*l specifications  drawn  at  the  earliest  possible  date. 
We  are. all  bending  our  energies  to  this  end  now, 

I  have  been  confined  to  my  desk  figuring  over,  and 
checking  up  on  this  submarine  data ,  to  the.  extent  fenat  1 
been  to  call  on  Mr.  Dyer  Smith  for  further^conaiUtation  ragardlng 
patents  Mr.  Edison  wants  filed.  I  hope  to  be  a  little  easier  next 
week.  i..< 

Yours  sincerely, 

Jan.  24,  I9II. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison, 

Herewith  draft  of  reply  to  the  Electric  Boat  Oo . 

When  Spier  reads  this  he  will  he  interested. 

I  want  to  keep  their  friendship  without  allying  ourselves 
with  them,  and  have  shown  how  we  are  being  encouraced  by  the  various 
Governments  and  the  interest  and  confidence  that  exists  in  the 
success  of  the  final  outcome. 

Polite  way  of  saying,  "we  esteem  your  friendship  but  dont 
need  you  to  sell  our  batteries". 

Having  failed  to  land  us,  they  will  next  adopt  the 

battery,  when  it  is  ready,  and  advertise  that  fact,  to  stand  in 

with  the  various  Governments  .  I  have  already  gotten  the  U.S.Navy 
Dept,  under  the  impression  that  the  battery  is  much  bigger  than  the 
boat  in  importance,  and  now  they  are  considering  building  their  own 
submarines • 

If  we  only  had  the  time  to  get  out  a  submarine,  it  would  be 

an  easy  job  to  clean  the  E.B.Oo.  up  in  a  short  while.  They  have 

got  to  make  a  hit  in  some  way  soon  or  lose  all  their  friends,  They 
see  in  the  Edieon  Battery  what  they  are  looking  for. 



January  24. 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange  ,  N .  J  . 

My  dear  Hr.  EdiBon,- 

By  the  enclosed  clipping,  you  will -see  that 
Mr.  Flint  is  interested  in  a  new  submarine  boat  proposition. 

Knowing  that  you  and  Mr.  Flint  are  friends, 

I  am  drafting  the  enclosed  letter  which  I  thought  you  might  wish 
to  s  end  to  Mr •  Flint . 

Yours  sincerely. 

January  26,  Iflll. 

;,’y  dear  Hr.'  13d j  non, 

V/o  are  .about  to  cone  into  possession  of  details  of 
submarine  wul  other  -raval  mtteru  portaiiiine  to  storage  nati.ory 
adaptation,  from  the  leading  Powers. 

It  is  miite  an  extraordinary  position  to  bo  placed,  in. 

It  is  necessary  that  v;o,  boinK  placed  on  honor  to  preserve  tee 

While  1  have  no  doubt  but  that  each  and  all  of  your  trussed  men 

we  ne  d  if  nore  than  yourself  and  one  other  person  as 

2*1;  ^7 

there? o re ^be  nllLllry  for  no  to  get  the  information  we  need  and 
assist  all  I  can  in  the  application  oi  it. 

I  have  had  considerable  dealings  with  ifavy  men,  and 
thaw  wot  it  straight  from  you  that  they  can  talk  to  me 
as  ?hoy  mat;  they  are  going  to  hold  back,  and  we  are  Roxng  to 
run  chances  of  falling  down  somewhere. 

I  have  therefore  drafted  the  enclosed  letter  which  we 
can  send,  with  your  signature  and  approval  in  eat. ..i  case ,  to  th« 

S’S/SSSS  detLlf  and’aaaistanoe  of  pfeparition  of  the  reports 
they  will  have  to  send  to  thoir  Oovermnents. 

apKov-  {■ 

s^f&sunstfsjs  »  swas  o.x. 

on  copies  retained  for  reference. 




r^/wr/wd  c  0^  1 

Lieut.  Cora;  land  or.  Carlo  FfiBtbr, 
1400  liow  Hampshire  Avenue 
Y.'asiiircton,  1.  5 

—  Icy  a  oar  Sir: 

.  January  27,  1011. 

I  luive  your  .value 
I  wish  to  tnlviuc 

renresent-"-- .  - ,  -  - 
tors  here  and  .-t  hie  privttc  o^lco. 
is  in  -charge  of  tho  «u«ptf.ti or.  of  r.y 
'  roquirorMciiti"  o*T  vlie  Uniljcu-  ^’tritcs  otj 
■  transact  all  business  in  connection 
’  He  is  nooted  in  submarine  anu.  other  j 
‘.•/battery,  v-Au  is,  therefore,  in  a,  pee: 
-  ’combinations  arid 'Sizes  of  battery  to 

t  ifeii  . 


i  full  realir.r.ti 

i.vnts  ir.  ; 

■:ion  of 

-.■'nts,  thr 

It  is  bo'c an 

the;  confidence  imposed  ey  ~r-c, vrrroue  ■ 

:  -gw-v--  •  necessary  information  to  enable  us  to  meet  .  . „.  . 

■  fer  all  matters  pertaining  thereto  to  pass  ,nro..fc.. .  .u 

I'S-  'he  can  be  defended  upon  to  maintain  neutral w  an  ,  ..o.  n  ■ 
vp.  confidence  any  and  all  information  linear  ;eu  a, 

v'  '  : .When  we  receive  orders  from  you  for .  ha+t or iee^ for  c .u 

or  individual  as  you  may .  designate  for  delivery  to  be  n.  -  o. 

)  .  ■  *  LIr.  Hutchison  expects  to  viBit  ’fashincto: 

>*,  and ’will,  if  you  desire,  call  and  discuss  d  eta.  3  so 

jlf,,'  Battery,' 

■  Very  truly. 

""j  i/w  will  yfiviff  trlfacMtcf 
Shi-^'f  ^  Cnwjxmsw  b$fonM\  <&v^- 
lU^w  ewwJ{  Qa#fat*j  <u^'(  A~ 

~T~iA^d  (ty  SudnviaMvJt 

tf-vuv  Iht  S^r^M  for*#? 

UutuuQ  ttv-n/h  CH-  a*%  fc  T’v' 

&_  C?7 yU^K 

~3/(asC*  (Aits*  (LA'tLi.o.'ui^  /%rr  ittmtf  ~t^~ 
Sj>6&*s  (^  OmA[  IS  Zc-rrzc/h 

'j (pA>  will  5*i-  tta  cti^ xvuvcc  -4t-\  drzi~ ’frt' 
t^uaJi  ^  3 -nZrns  tW 

Tfcfci  Ttvlrf' 

Thsu  Tti'drr  /j^hiti  cndyv>  SAyiMj  ‘^/uj 

t*MJ  fi.'yiuv  ftaJfcuj  twy  ~juus  ^rr' 

Irtviu, i  fjj-  riw  3^^  ^A.OAm’h**  ffr$6/> 

try  dt^fu(  cWLsuAj .  ^  ^n- 


kttnU^  bjwv-  w-aM.  'iw  h/tfw 


Cfr^PA  fllZdi'f  OF  Tuoofi,  An  o  F D/Son  Ratterx,. 
\  "  for  design  4vi-  A  Qo+t  / 

E  L  (•  C  T  R  )  C  13  o  A  T  Co  A i  FA  /vy  / 

Tuoor  type  12-A— 30^*1  it h  insulation  /  ~ 

Edison  type  S-ts-p'xQ  in  sulati/n 

cell  -  Tudor.  ed/sun  / 

HFl^hT,£XCLU\  t*e  Tolc i  ■  3Siy>~"  30,  *T#.  \  /  2 

length  [*‘jr  „  ■9‘  \  / 

VllOTH,  wi7“M  JTISULA  TtoN  \r,lS  IJ.Ot’l*  1/ 

Mean  V01.T3  M*3haRats  !,&’]  !•* 7  / 

Hm  Cu.Fr.  l>~)  /•  trpATSNG;  /.IZL^cruA 

C  U.  Fr,  Pfk  ;  F  W,  ■  •  fry  / .  o  w  u  »  •  ? *  K,  XN> 

\NElG,HT  P&l  k.W'fiK  N'S]  (o  /V-2.  „  11  lit*' 

TRicc-  pei?Kn’^iH^ATl  433-,(*b  ^/2T  »  a 

^  T 5  A  'VoLIJiyi£  afr  834 •  Cl/.  FT.  IN  TANK./ 

Number  of  Cells  l  zo 

KM,HR5<$ihR.  iftsTE  loT.* 

Final  V/ji.Ti  | 

/»iAx/Mi/A-i  PEtuiii}A/rce  jenr. 

ON  v  a  CHARGE 

673-7  ArfaT'NS.  Actual 

-22*/.  <f  2W.£  S/ 

//a  Faok  Uo°Fahr  rc/vm. 

iNElGHT  of  Feus  6nly.  UMOSdm  <i6ooo  m. 
pfUce.  0  f  .  Cells  for  : 

EmT<*£  Cf  PAc.or  TANK.  rV-  *3-V-0 

fkiCE  Fur  Bj/nuAL  K,  W.//A  I  J 

CAPAcJry-  r  2.34*4^  #7 l^+f 

I  A)  A  GlV^N  TANK  -space  the  EOisoN  HRo  fjcesUf  ACTUAL 

0APAa.irl  I,  IJ  timis  TUT  Of  ^YtTZ  Tpu^Ar/ AjfO  T U\J Eo ISO /V  / Ji  tf/V *.y 

87%  0fT«e  3/»/o  Tupor.  »+mmm*rr  wf/jf/i/ 

F0 £  rw  e  sa  av f  /r.  wr  <? ap a c.  / rv  fr/e’  Edison  /js 



Dear  Ur.  Edition, 

Commander  Vaauilieff  ia  an  enthuaiaBtic  convert.  H8  had 
been  loaded  up  pretty  well  by  the  lead  people,  and  wan  aociewhat 

Bho?t-c^cuMnKBah  A-l  lofialMnuteHnd  letSSng'hto  watch  the 

call  on  the  lead  people  and  pet  then 
a  150  A.H.  cell.  He  aniled. 

before  he  left  he  aaked  rae  to  send  him  a  complete  ej<M- 
bition  ceil  for  nutting  on  hio  desk  in  Washington.  Also  anotner 
c»u  arid  a  complete  exhibition  board  for  him  to  send  to  Huosia 
to  be  hung  tip  in  the  War  Soilage,  for  the  naval  i&dtoipmon  .o  be 
taught  from.  He  will  utart  a  couruc  of  instruction  at  once. 

When  I  offered  to  write  his  report  for  him,  rcaay  for 
trantO  ation  ax- A  forwarding  to  Rucaia,  he  was  enthuaiasticall 
grateful.  Enjoined  me  to  secrecy  about  it,  but  wall  be  glad  .o  „ct 

I  ha/re  got  the  Jlrassilian  Attache  coming  in  a  few  days. 
Wiuh  thoue  fellowe  could  talk  English  better.  Hence  of  a  joo  .o 
explain  a  battery  to  such  a  nan. 

i  would  never  get  tired  of  looking, 

'.Thought  he  would  never  get  tired  of  looking,  110  .. 
made  Mm  walk  to  the  top  of  the  phonograph  building  and  into  that 
wax  room  before  he  got  hio  wind,  and  that  finished  Mm.  Then  took 
him  to  Forest  Hill  on  the  Reach  car  and  Beach  took  him  on  to  hew 
York  on  the  train. 

Ho  asked  me  especially  to  express^ his  high  appreciation 
of  the  photograph  and  inscription  thereon.  Harveled  at  the 


March  let,  1911  > 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  .Edison, 
Orange ,  N .  -T . 

Dear  Mr.  Edison, - 

I  have  just  returned  from  Washington. 

I  interested  the  Bureau  of  Steam  Engineering 
in  Edison  Battery  for  portable  and  stationary  telegraph  afiflar- 
atus,  and  sold  them  two  B-2  and  two  B-4  ignition  outfits,  which 
they  are  going  to  test  and  find  which  size  is  best  suited  to 
their  requirements.  There  is  every  indication  that  only  Edison 
Batteries  will  be  used  in  future  for  this  work. 

Had  a  long  talk  with  the  Ordnance  Department, 
and  find  they  are  very  anxious  to  adapt-  the  Battery  to  gun 
sighting  and  gun  firing.  1  advised  tan  cel 1b 

and  they  asked  me  60  design  up  a  box  that'^rpuld  bW^tnnHyytd 
put  our  trays  into.  The  immediate  market  is  for  forty  sets,  and 
with  a  visible  market  of  five  hundred  sets  within  the  hear 

I  asked  Ammunition  Department  Officials  what 
nrovision  they  are  making  toward  supplying  light  in  the  raag- 
azonos  in  case  the  ship  light  circuit  goes  off.  When  you  stop 
to  think  of  it,  whan  preparing  for  battle,  all  boilers  are 
being  brought  into  .commission  hurriedly,  and  suaden  spurts  of 
speed  when  maneouvering  for  position,  tends  to  lift  thnwater 
in  the  boilers,  /commonly  known  as  priming)  especially  if  they 
liave  to  use  sea  water  in  emergency.  This  priming  will  effect 
a  small  engine ,  such  as  is  used  to  run  a  dynamo ,  much  more 
than  a  larfee  engine,  causing  sylinder  heads  to  be  blown  off, 
and  the  lights  to  go  off.  I  suggested  that  they  install  one 
hundred  A-8  cells  to  supply  their  one  hundred  16  o.p.lanps 
for  six  hours,  and  i^sue  orders  for  the  magazine  lights  to  be 
thrown  onto  the  storage  battery  circuit,  when  the  order  Clear 
decks  for  action",  temgt .  They  immediately  grasped  the  sig¬ 
nificance  of  the  suggestion  and  unanimously  decided  that  Ed- 
isoh  Battery  would  be  par  excellence  for  such  use,  because 
of  the  ability  to  re$H n  charge  for  long  periods. 

Thera  is  every  indication  that' every  Warship 
will  he  equipped  with  Edison  flattery  for  magazine  lighting. 

All  torpedo  boats  and  torpedo  boat  destroyers 
are  compelled  to  carry  storage  batteries  to  sight  and  fire 
guns  at  night.  These  batteries  are  not  used  except  for  such 
purpose,  1.  e.  once  a  year  in  battle  practise,  it  becomes  nec¬ 
essary  for  them  to  discharge  and  charge  the  batteries  once 
a  month  to  keep  them  in  condition,  and  this,  in  the  limited 
room  aboard  such  a  craft,  is  undesirable.  The  ability  of  the 
nattery  to  reatin  charge,  commendB  it  for  such  work,  and  the 
Ordnance  people  tell  me  I  am  pretty  sure  to  get  all  this 
business.  • 

I  am  going  after  every  department  where  .Edison 
Batteries  can  be  used  in  the  Navy,  and  only  regret  that  I  am  noh 

at  liberty  to  work  the  Army  end  as  well,  as  I  am  sure  I  can 

Bhov;  immediate  results.  As  I  understand  it  from  Mr,  Bee,  there 
is  some  young  man  in  Washington  who  is  trying  to  interest  the 
Array,  but  whose  progress  has  beeR  slow.  I  do  not  wish  to  tread 
on  anvone's  toes,  but  I  am  on  this  Job  with  a  full  head  of 
steam",  and  am  in  as  close  touch  with  the  Annie s  uMI  as  with 

the  Navies  of  the  various  Oountries .  I  also  realise  you  axe 

supplying  stock  batteries  at  a. loss ,  and  do  not  feel  aB  if  I 
should  expect  a  commission  on  small  battery  work,  while  you  are 
working  at  a  loss.  Hence,  ray  efforts  in  this  line  are  at  present 
a  labor  of  love,  which  I  am  very  glad  to  do  for  the  good  of 
the  cause.  But  when  I  do  sell  batteries  to  the  Army,  ifidyon  you 
want  me  to,  I  think  it  would  not  be  right  for  someone  else  to 
stick  you  for  commission  while  I  am  working  to  save  you  from 
paying  such.  After  a  while,  when  your  production  enables  you 
to  make  a  profit  on  this  class  of  work,  I  will  of  course,  ex¬ 
pect  to  receive  a  commission.  But  I  am  primarily  after  the 
Submarine  end,  the  batteries  for  which  will  be  sold  at  a  prof¬ 
it  from  the  first.  There  are  a  laree  number  of  batterieB  usea 
in  Signal  Uore  and  various  other  Departments  of  the  Army,  and 
they  seem  to  have  a  much  freer  T&tp  in  Giving  orders  for  supplies 
than  the  Navy  Department  has . 

Dear  Sir, 

Since  your  letter  to  us  of  the  30th  October  last, 
when  you  were  good  enough  enough  to  mention  that  you  were  build^  . 
ing  a  large  cell  for  submarines,  to  give  heavy  discharges  an aw<v 
t  a  large  radius  of  action,  for  the  United  States  Government, 
we  have  not  heard  anything  from  you  although  we  again  wrote  to. 
you  on  February  33rd. 

We  trust  that  your  experiments  have  been  successful¬ 
ly  carried  through,  and  we  shall  be  pleased  if  you  would 
communicate  with  us  at  your  earliest  convenience. 

This  matter  has  been  on  the  tapis  for  our  Admiralty 
since  September  last,  and  I  am  really  anxious  to  talk  business 
with  you,  which  you  express£>your  willingness  to  do  in  your 
last  letter  to  us. 

Trusting  that  we  may  have  the  pleasure  of  a 
communication  by  return  of  mail. 

We  are,'  dear  Sir, 

Yours  very  truly, 

kixon  d  Man  nock,. 

Thomas  Edison,"  Esq., 

The  Laboratory," 
New  York. 

March  25,  I9II. 

Messrs  Mixon  &  Mannock, 

No.  I  Victoria  Street,  S.W. , 
London,  England. 

Your  letter  of  the  3rd.  inst. ,  addressed  to  Mr.  Edison, 
has  been  referred  to  me  for  attention. 

At  present  we  are  Aot  in  position  to  take  up  the 
natter  of  representation  in  England  on  the  Submarine  business. 
The  manifested  interest  in  the  Submarine  Cell  has  been  so  great 
on  the  part  of  the  United  StateB  and  Beveral  European  Navi 68 
that  we  have  decided,  for  the  present  at  leaBt,  to  take  care  of 
this  business  direct.  Quite  a  few  of  the  Haval  Attaches  have 
visited  the  Laboratory  and  Battery  Works  and  have,  as  a  result, 
unanimouslv  decided  that  the  Edison  Battery  will  be  used  to  the 
exclusion  of  all  other  types  in  Submarines  in  future. 

The  orders  already  in  hand  are  necessitating  a  very 
large  addition  to  our  manufacturing  facilities,  and  the  outlook 
is  most  encouraging. 

Should  we  feel  in  need  of  assistance  in  Great  Britain, 
we  will  certainly  bear  you  in  mind. 

Thanking  you  for  your  interest  in  this  matter,  and 
regretting  I  cannot  make  any  definite  arrangements  with  you  at 
present,  X  remain, 

Very  trply. 

Personal  Representative  of 
ThomaB  A.  Edison, 
in  Naval  Affairs. 

May  2§ 


Eleotrio  Boat  Company, 

Now  London,  Conn. 


In  the  matter  of  supplying  you  with  One  Hundred  and  Nine¬ 
ty  Two  (192)  Type  S-4B  Edison  Celle,  for  uee  in  a  certain  subma- 
rine  boat  ae  outlined  and  dieousBed  with  your  Mr.  Edgar  on  thla 

If,  in  oharging,  the  temperature  of  the  pilot  cell  does 
not  exceed  One  Hundred  •  ( 100)  Degrees  Fahr. ,  and  if.  In  discharging 
said  oell  temperature  does  not  exceed  One  Hundred  a«d  Thirty  Jive 
(136)  Degrees  Fahr,(the  location  of  said  oell  to  he  at  the  most 
disadvantageous  place  In  tank  ,  as  to  cooling)  we  will  guarantee 
that  each  of  said  One  Hundred  and  Ninety  Two  ( 192)  Cells  will  show 
an  outpdt  of Eighty  Nine  Hundred  and  Ten  (8910)  Ampere  Hours  when 
discharged  immediately  after  full  charge  and  down  to  One  Volt  per 
oell,  at  the  two  hour  rate  of  discharge. 

If  the  battery  is  indtalled  and  operated  in  a  manner  appro 
ved  by  us,  we  will  further  guarantee  that  the  oells  will  he  oapableg. 
of  delivering  Ninety  (90)  percent  of  original  guaranteed  rated 
capacity  above  referred  to  ,  at  the  two  hour  rata,  for  a  period 
of  Thirty  Sis  (36)  months  from  the  date  of  initial  oharge,  and  if 
within  suoh  period  of  thirty  six  mouths  the  oells  fall  below  ninety 
peroent  of  said  guaranteed  capaoity,  we  will  replaoe  the  positive 
plates  free  of  oharge. 

If,  at  any  time  after  thirty  six  months  and  before  sixty 
months  from  the  date  of  initial  charge  the  capacity  has  gone  down 
to  ninety  percent  of  the  guaranteed  capaoity  of  eighty  nine  hundred 
and  ten  ampere  hours  we  will,  if  you  desire^  provided  the  cells  are 
to  be  used  in  the  samo  boat,  renew  the  positive  platee  at  a  coet  to 
you  of  fifty  (60)  peroent  of  the  original  price  of  the  battery, 
you  to  furnish  the  common  labor  to  enable  our' engineer  to  make  suoh 
replacement  at  suoh  Navy  Yard  where  the  boat  may  bo  looated. 

The  price  of  this  battery  of  one  hundred  and  ninety  two  (I92-) 
Type  3-48  Edison  Cells  is.  Two  Hundred  and  Fifty  Six  Thousand  Jive 
Hundred  Dollars  ($266, BOO),  f.o.b.  Orange,  N.J.  This  will  include 
the  service*  of  one  of  our  engineers  to  supervise  installation  of 
battery  in  the  boat,  you  to  pay  his  travelling  expenses  and  keep 
from  time  of  leaving  the  factory  until. his  return,  not  to  exceed 
ten  dollars  ($10.00)  per  day  . 

The  eleotrolyte  will  be  shipped  in  separate  drums,  whioh 
remain  our  property,  and  whioh  are  returned  to  us  at  your 
expense  as  soon  as  they  have  been  emptied  into  the  oells. 

f  1, 

E.  B.  /.  (2) 

Wo  oan  rna&e  delivery  of  the  above  mentioned  cells  in 
Eight  (8)  mo nth 8  from  receipt  of  order,  provided  Buoh  order  in  placed 
within  six  months  from  this  date. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 


My  dear  Edison, 

I  confirm  my  to-day's  telegram  as  follows:- 

"Can  get  order  for  two  submarines  for  Italy,  one  for 
"Germany,  990  cells.  Our  estimate  based  on  tubes  at 
"two  point  nine  cents  each,  as  you  offered  ub  first  .  At 
"what  price  can  you  furnish  three  million  tubes  for  this 
"order?  If  we  materially  lhcrease  price,  cannot  obtain 
"order  and  lead  batteries  will  be  used." 

I  think  this  telegram  i  s  plain  enough,  but  would  once  more 
impress  upon  you  that,  if  you  really  wish  to  obtain  these  order^for 
submarine  boats  and  thus  introduce  your  batteries  into  the  marine 
branches  of  the  business,  it  is  absolutely  essential  that  you  should 
keep  to  your  old  price  for  tubes,  as  there  is,  lh  any  case,  an  enormous 
difference  between  the  price  of  the  lead  battery  and  your  battery, 
which  people  over  here  are  not  very  ihollhed  to  pay.  On  the  other 
hand,  I  think  it  essential,  if  your  battery  is  to  be  introduced  for 


BERGMANN  ELECTRICAL  WORKS  (machine  department). 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq.,  Orange. 

marine  work,  that  we  should  not  allow  these  orders  to  pass  us,  as  this 
seems  to  me  to  he  the  last  and  only  chance.  If  once  the  lead  bat¬ 
tery  gets  in,  it  will  he  a  most  difficult  matter,  if  not  altogether 
impossible ,  to  dislodge  it  again. 

All  other  circumstances  are,  of  course,  favourable  for  the 
introduction  of  your  battery;  the  tests  on  the  batteries  we  placed 
at  the  disposal  of  the  Italian  Navy  gave  very  good  results  for  the 
Edison  battery  as  compared  to  the  lead  battery,  the  German  Naval 
Authorities  have  promised  us  an  order,  provided  the  Italian  batteries 
are  satisfactory,  and,  if  the  French  tests  turn  out  well,  as  they 
are  sure  to  do,  we  shall  also  probably  obtain  another  order  from  that 

In  order  to  obtain  the  sorters  it  is,  however,  as  I  have 
already  remarked,  absolutely  essential  that  you  should  adhere  to  your 
old  price  of  2.9  cents  per  tube,  for  which  price  you  have  already 
supplied  us  with  tubes  and  positive  plates,  type  A,  as  the  increase  from 
2.9  to  4.3  cents  would  be  absolutely  fatal  to  the  business. 

As  it  is  positively  necessary  that  we  should  give  the  Italian 
Navy  a  final  answer  sb  soon  as  possible,  I  would  ask  you  to  cable  me 
immediately  on  receipt  of  this  letter  (if  you  have  not  already  done  so 
in  reply  to  my  cablegram)  whether  you  agree  to  the  price  or  not. 

Yours  sincerely,  , 

P.S.  If  you  cannot  supply  the  tubes  for  2.9  cents,  please  state 
your  very  lowest  price  for  same. 

(  10  HY  »  ^  Collect  1  EX 

CB  New  York  June  8-11 

Edison  New  York  Can  get  order  two  submarines  for  italy  one  tor  £3 
Germany  990  cells  our  estimate  based  on  tubes  at  two  point  nine  1^4^ 
cents  each  as  you  offered  us  first  at  what  price  can  you  furnish  \V  j' 

three  million  tubes  for  this  order  if  we  materially  increase  price  W 

cannot  obtain  order  and  lead  batteries  will  be  used.  '<<t 

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fdoOQU-  <#-<%«*  9? 

($cUM^~  ■ 

<Z^JsiS&? 7\j 

Memorandum  for  Mr,  Dyer. 

June  22nd,  1911. 

My  dear  Mr.  Dyer,- 

Oonfirming  conversation  had  with  you  yesterday: 

give  their  names. 

Statement  was  made  hy  Courtney  to  Admiral  Oone,.  in_ 

foTfweeh.^UMn  a\ery° lew  minutes  it  starts  to  operate, 
it  will  gat  down  to  business. 


was  put  entirely  out  of  the  running* 

j&tussMft!  rsstsf^JSsXL 

.  ss.\js: ■fi.iLdi.'ssfji? 

.  J.  4.V4  M  winfffiY*  .  BA  fhflSS  flli.J-1 

ignorance  in  this  matter,  am  these  fill  S'  referred  to, 

to  remain  open  mgaw  cells  while  n  9iectrolyte,  with  con- 
sequent^eduction^in  oapaoity  o?fthe°oell.while  the  carbonised 
eleotrolyte  remained  therein. 

Mr,  Dyer, 

Jims  22nd,  19X1  < 

The  next  remark  madd  in  the  outer  office,  was  to 
the  effect  that  the  Adame  Express  Company  were. disappointed  . 
in  the  Edison  Cell,  and  were  putting  on  lead  cellB  muoh  more 
rapidly  than  the  Edison. 

v^..  The' next  remark  was  to  the  effect  that  the  tests 
and  what^else  Courtney  had  heard  of  the  Edison  cell  had  robbed 
him  of.  ail  interest  in  the  matter,  and  that  he  did  not  consider 
it  would  be  worthwhile  to  devote  further  time  and  effort  to 
investigating  them  for  the  purpose  of  putting  them  on  Submar¬ 

I  have  heard  from  several  Departments  that  Courtney 
had  taken  the  trouble  tocall  and  talk  with  the  various  men 
connected  with  each  Department  regarding  the  Edison  Battery. 
Hlssstatements  were  all  detrimental  to  the  battery,  and  it  has 
become  a  standing  joke  in  the  Navy  Department  that  Courtney 
has  his  hatchet  out  for  the  Edison  Cell. 

Inasmuch  as  this  young  man  came  to  the  laboratory 
and  spent  all  of  two  hours  only  investigating  the  Edison  Cell, 
whereas,  other  Navy  men  who  have  come  down,  have  spent  anywhere 
Mw&m-eQ  to  four  or  five  days  investigating  the  same,  at  the 
end  of  which  ttoe  they  state  that  they  could  spend  ,o  a  great 
advantage  three  or  four  weeks,  I  do  not  think  that  he  is. in 
possession  of  sufficient  information  regarding  the  battery  to 
express  any  opinion  whatsoever  regarding  it. 

As  to  any  statements  which  I  have  made  to  Courtney 
or  others  in  the  Navv  Department ,  I  have  never  made  a  statement 
which  has  not  been  tklked  over  with  Mr.  Edison  prior  ry  departure 
for  Washington.  The  great  trouble  seems  to  be  that  the  Edison 
Cell  is  such  a  great  departure  from  the  lead  0411, .and  bids  fair 
to  overcome,  so  many  objections  to  the  lead  cell,  that  we  cannot 
expect  to  have  anything  but  skepiddin^, (Obtain  for  some  time  to 
come.  What  I  object  to  is,  however,,  statements  being  nadewhioh 
are  not  backed  up. by  a  fact,  and  X  do  not  think  it  is  considered 
good  Naval  practice  to  either  condemn  or  boost  anything  tha,  has 
not  been  properly  tried-;out.  Nlother  do  I  consider  it  just  that 
reports  coming  in  from  the  lead  battery  people  be  ^fioved,  whereas 
reports  coming  from  us  do  not  seem  to  be  ->hi8  par-y. 

If  he  would  take  the  trouble  to  come  over  hore  and 
spend  four  or  five  days  in- looking  into  the  matter,  and  would  . 
advise  us  as  to  these  r.ejSc-b&s  he  is  hearing  asking  for  a  rebuttal 
or  acknowledgement  of  the  atrocity  of  the  same,  we  would  give 
him  the  straight  of  it  without  fear  or- favor  . 

I  do  not  consider  it  judicious  to ,8*^  .h^mthis  nutter 
in  a  way  that  would' bring  this  man.  to  court -mar 
to  have  him  instructed  to  keep  his  mouth  closed  on  both  sides  of 
the  bensh,  until  we  have  had  the  opportunity  of  proving  that 
what  we  say  is  oorreot, 

I  have  made  no  olaime  of  the  Edison  Battery,  which  have 

Mr.  Byer, 

June  23nd,  1911. 

not  >spn  lustlfied  by  extensive  teats  made  here  in  the  Lab or¬ 
ator?.  V  efforts  in  Washington  cannot  ty  charao.erized  aB 

s  * 

large  number  of  tests  in  the  Baooratory. 

I  also  have  no  feeling  in  the  matter,  a°  • 

I  like  Cou'r+ney  very  much:*  He  is  simply  erratic,  and  not  well 
balanced  in  exercising  edition  regarding  his  statements. 

In  taking  the  matter  up  further  with  Mr.Townsend, 

i  sss  w^Mjes  S"  s'. 

Y-d  open,  when  I  called  a  few  days  ago.  It  may  get  .he  Brooklyn 
over  there.. 

Yours  sincerely, 

Memorandum  for  Mr.  Edison. 

June  28th,  1911. 

We  have  in  our  possession,  a  number  of 

sjys&gtSs  s’j.s'sss  {.n. bS 

possibly  fall  Into  other  hands. These  prints  cover 
details  of  Submarine  boat  construction,  and  were 
given  us  in  strictest  confidence. 

I  am  referring  to  these  drawings  continually. 

It  would  therefore  seem  that  it  will  Do  necessary 
for  me  to  have  a  safe  of  at  least  48"  clearance i  in^ 
size,  in  order  that  these  drawings  and  new  drawings 
Sh  w?  ire  receiving  from  time  to  time  from  the 
Navy  Department,  can  be  locked  up  at  night, 

Inaemuch  us  I  am  usl&g  these  drawings  sometimes 
late  into  the  night,  it  would  not  be  feasible  to  look 
them  in  some  other  safe. 

Ho  doubt,  a  second  hand  safe  can  be  acquired 
in  New  York,  which  will  fill  the  bill. 

M,  R.  Hutchison. 



August  4,  1911. 

About  two  weeks  before  Pox  left  for  Russia  I 

wrote  Commander  Vossilieff,  Russian  llaval  Attaoho,  Washington, 

who  visited  the  laboratory,  asking  for  a  lettor  to  She 
frontior  officials  so  that  Pox  might  go  through  unmolested 
with  his  suspicious  looking  batteries.- 

I  received  no  reply,  end  got  such  a  letter  from 
the  Consul  here  in  Hew  York. 

When  Pox  arrivod  he  found  the  Russian  officials 
very  much  prejudiced  against  Edison  Batteries  because  of 
Bcrgnann's  failure  in  manufacturing  them. 

I  rooeivod  a  cablegram  from  Vossilieff  on  the 
25th  ult.  acknowledging  rooeipt  of  my  letter,  forwarded  to 
St.  Petersburg,  and  asking  that  Pox  oall  on  him  at  once. 

I  oablod  Pox  to  do  so. 

I  received  a  cablegram  from  Pox  on  August  1st 
saying  that  I  should  look  out  for  Vossilieff,  as  he  is 
causing  a  lot  of  trouble.  Pull  particulars  by  mail. 

Surmising  that  Pox  had  not  colled  on  Vossil^ff 
bocauso  of  antagonism  from  rumors  he  had  heard,  I  immediate¬ 
ly  oabled  Pox  to  call  at  once  on  Vossilieff  and  hand  him 
a  copy  of  our  Submarino  Battery  guarantee,  with  tho  sugges¬ 
tion  that  he  try  to  duplicate  it  from  any  other  battery  man- 

by  cable. 

Also  instructed  Pox  to  report  conditions  fully 
1  have  just  reooived  cable  from  Pox  as  follows: 

"Condition  cannot  be  condensed.  All  complications 
at  an  end.  Officials  here  interested.  Am  Getting  co-opora- 
tion.  Mailed  you  a  letter  giving  full  particulars .  All 
Trouble  with  filler 

oells  filled  and  show  good  capacity. 

Ur.  Dyer  -  8. 

oaps.  Elootrolyte  creeps  badly." 

1  therefore  surmise  that  ?ox  did  call  on 
Vessilieff  as  instructed,  with  copy  of  Subraarino  Guarantoe, 
and  that  this  turnod  the  tido  in  our  favor. 

Tho  troublo  he  mentions  as  having  v/ith  filler 
oaps  is  occasioned  by  our  having  to  put  the  A-8  filler  cap 
on  the  colls  instead  of  the  A- 12,  because  of  the  foot  that 
the  tools  were  not  completed  on  the  A-12,  and  to  turn  thorn 
out  by  hand  would  have  been  very  costly  and  consumed  more 
time  than  wo  oould  spare.  This  troublo  is  of  no  conse¬ 
quence  ,  as  it  simply  means  a  fow  drops  of  oleotrolyte  on 
the  tops  of  the  cans,  which  will  not  affect  tho  capacity 
at  all. 

Thought  you  would  like  to  know  fully  j^st  what  is 
going  on,  and,  finding  you  occupied,  am  imposing  on  Ur. 
V/alkor  to  transcribe  this. 

il.  E.  Hutohinson. 

My  dear  M*.  JWispn,- . 

I  sent  you  a  wireless  aa  follpwaJ 

*Hau  Mauritania  followed  your  exaaplo 

lii  going  tt>  the  bottom  of/thlnga.  Oongrat-  . 

'uXatlone  Charle*1-  birthday.*  .. .  .  , 

I  would  hare  giVen  #8OO.<D0  to^hKTb  'fceen 
fro^Vo?!  thrSddle  of 

let  pass  hy,  bo  I  raked,  thfa  old  record  up  and  prepared  the  aurpriae 

for  ytfu.; ‘ ' .  ,••  -  r  -  w;  v  "  1  i 

Sissaffssearisrtd. s*w»JSB2S«^ 

thereformfty-threo  ounces  of  good  flaie  oUt  of  a  theoretical, 
eniir.  TTnnAiess  to  eay  1  am  delighted. 


is,-  v  .*,ii  to  thinklie  over  a  Cablegram.  Co  oabled  him  OTi 

ifa-nf&f  r4t  '*i'%S±*  ,t?%eli  at  ohoo  W.  ^«gg"»g  fJ^JJ^dSo, 
oopy  of  our3pbaanneBatteryguar^e^and^o  manufacturer 

ly&Ktrli:  rffifffitXS?^^?^  at  onoy.  and  full* 
the  oonditKyw  obtaining  tl^ero  now.  , 

,’>;,•  J.i  ;,.y-'i  rgogiT34.  this  mo*nihg  a  cable^raw,  'whioh.  being  ,.., 
tranel-ated;  rea^  **  ;«$pwV-V  '  ./  -  \]  .\.,.*..v,>,  .  ;>■■.» 

I  -^ndftiond^ ^  dam»bt  W  odhdiWWod/ All  acm^loatioM 

ai  the  pi  eotrolyte.  .oreepp^  Wly** 

Heedloee  to  say  that  I  am  delighted  that  the  oompli- 
eatldhs'  have  boW'ewept  aaide . 

],.  The  t  trouble  he.  U  having  with  the  filler  cap#  J.**1” 

t  ^°lpalfed>'  02p&ifhtoo  Su 

filler  cape  to  he  ineerted.  Tfi»  A-B  fill «  oap  ^  ,0ry  rapldxy. 
oare  of  the  gae  from  thee#  cell  «*  w?*„. ^.ixy  oomlng  out,  hut  thie 
Therefore,  some  of  theeleotrolyte  Un^raJM  •  *J»a4  t0  then  that 

doee  not  materially  ^f^^.^^^^in  the  hoaf  huilt  hy  the  Jlleotrio 

all  thie  trouble, 

■  wail  a° great*1  deal^  of* inter# •  t°  i n* the ir  *wo  rk , 
Bverybody  eeeae  to  betaking  a  «*■«»'  “•**  lald  0ut  for  them  before 
with  a  deelre  to  J[  at  thie  epirlt,  beoauee  ueually 

obtain  here.  : 

t  z  ob  very  much  eworpr  lead  to  hear  of  the  ball  Dr.  Oreen 

tried  to  put  have\ad°hiTup°to  ttobSS"' 

and  above  any  such  a°ti°nB '  ? a  perfect  Gentleman  and  far  above 

:s iSi;  w“~» « «“■ 

I  t.u «.» I  «w»f »  « ;;$**  SoS™  w“K«,S " 

up  a  notice  In  the  Latotatory,  that  no  tlsh  Dyer,  Mr.  Bnclpnan  or 
unless  orders  were  given  In  each  o  -xoellent  scheme,  and  so  has 
Mr.  Miller.  He  thought  it  would  never  been  able  to  under¬ 

tacked  up  a  notice  all  over  ^  permitted  to  go  through  th°  *?laceJ*;ny- 
stand  why  so  many  ^isi^e  have  lost  a  good  many  things  b„ 

«w«~  “*  ‘~ 

.ill  be  non, 

^•srj^ss'&.’S.w-u  By  »yo„  -u- 

Hope  ,.«  »1H  hove  «  Wily  ti/""* 

mind  to  be  a  blanl  Wenwer  thought  «1~  *•  »•* 

Laboratory  and  what  is  going  on  here. 

self.  I  remain, 

With  my  very  best  regards  to  all  the  family  and  your- 

Yours  sincerely. 

St.  Petersburg,  Russia, 
August  6th,  1911. 

I  received  your  cable,  telling  n 
Vassilieff 'affair,  but  as  you  will  see  by  my  last  letter, 
have  cost  a  fortune  to  have  transmitted  3uch  an  explanatic 

Dear  friend  Hutchison, - 

There  have  been  ho  more  important  developments  since 
my  last  letter.  Testing  is  now  going  on  smoothly  ana  the  cells  seer, 
as  good  as  can  be  expected,  taking  into  account  their  nev/ness. 

i  explain  the 


■  cost  a  fortune  to  have  transmitted  3uch  an  explanation,  and 
would  have  been  unwise  also,  as  the  telegraph  lines  are  owned  by  the 
Government,  and  the  officials  are  able  to  read  messages  at  their  own 
sweet  will.  You  no  doubt  will  agree,  therefore,  that  I  acted  for  tne 
best,  as  X  allayed  your  anxiety  at  Orange  by  a  few  cabled  words. 

When  I  cabled  previously,  it  was  with  the  conviction 
that  the  affair  was  going  to  assume  greater  proportions  than  i* 
subsequently  did.  This  was  because  the  chief  of  the  Submarine  Dept, 
happened  to  have  been  an  old  friend  of  the  Marquis  de  Passano,  and 
thev  patched  the  matter  up  between  them.  Whan  we  show  cur  tests  to  the 
Government,  however,  we  are  going  higher  than  the  Department,  straight 
to  the  Minister  of  War,  their  superior.  We  are  sure,  therefore,  of 
receiving  the  fairest  treatment  possible  in  this  Country. 

After  I  gave  the  cells  their  first  discharge,  I  noted 
that  the  new  electrodes  were  not  quite  up  to  scratch,  so  I  gave  them 
the  reversal  treatment,  with  the  consequence  that  iiaan  the  discharge 
curve  is  now  much  smoother*  We  are  not  yet  receiving  sufficient  capacity 
however,  but  after  more  forming  runs,  they  will  probably  improve, 
interesting  fact  is  that  the  voltages  are  in  favor  of  thor* 
received  the  most  runs,  Sp.  12  highest,  Sp .  13  next, 

'  those  cells  which 

and  15  the  lowest.  This  is  exactly  the  order  in  which  they  were  made. 
,  is  seen,  then,  that  they  only  require  more  runs  to  affect  tneir 
rnt,  both  in  capacity  and  voltage. 



I  have  had  some  trouble  with  the  separator  caps, 
electrolyte  boiling  over.  As  this,  however,  is  apt  to  occur  when  ci 
are  new,  I  have  not  attached  much  importance  to  it,  as  it  has  now 
largely  disappeared.  I  would  advise  however,  that  if  possible,  the 
filling  aperture  on  the  new  cells  be  of  large: 

You  have  1/2”  to  spare  to  the  top  of 
the  overall  height  of  the  cell. 

I  started  charging  at  150  amperes,  but  this  caused 
excessive  heating  and  makes  3mall  efficiency.  I  now  intend  uO  give 
series  of  runs  at  130  at  increasing  lengths.  Results  to  da^e  are  an 

August  11th,  1911, 

Mr,  Thomas  A ■  adlson , 

Morgan  Harftfw  and  Company, 

Paris,  Jranos. 

Soar  Mr*  Sdlson,- 

Th»  deltrn  of  ths  Typo  B-19  Csll  has  been  finished,  and 
null  now  in  work*  Am  making  up  pawts  for  thraa  oellai  axcap^ing 

subsequent  two  oello,  without  undue  delajt, 

1  see  from  clipping  of  "Pall  Mall  Oasstta"  of  London, 

ssjsrAssi  sva 


igorsihl.T^u^rine  ^ 

In  charging  at  the  high  rate,  that  is  necessary  with  the  UStuhss, 

one  set  of  19  positives  can  he  charges  first,  then  the  nex*  set,  ana 
lastly,  the  third  set.  Then  hy •jwitohhoard  oonneoticns,  all  three  sets 

would  K..- p««»lMa  tl  oharw  it  If  oharging  as  A  .whole-*  ^  '  ■ 

'  ,r,i  r,"  j  I  thinJe-this- sWf ioiantly  and  novol'to  apply  for 
paisOts,  sadism, doing  so.  ’>  >  -  r‘ , 

SreryWing  is  running  along  smoothly.  Wo  haws  made  such 

SEE  s  3s  “>.* 

oCt  ho oks ,  and  haws  aho»t  1*00  pounds  of  flaks  ahead  now. 


The  eons  separator  that  I  put  up  in  the  Laboratory 
did  good  work*  It  baft,  very  small  percentage  of  bookB,  and  these  are 
held  together  by  dull  knives,  The  bar*  from  outting  with  a  dull  knife 
naturally  tend  to  bind  them  together,  but  the  little  reoiprooating 
separator  breaks  them  up  in  a  few  minute*  time.  We  are  putting  in  some 
new  knives  with  heavier  base  plates,  to  prevent  the  occasional  bad 
outting,  which  we  attribute  to  springing  of  tho  baeo  Plate  under  the 
loa<L«  r  : 

I  am  sending  you  a  oouple  of  clippings  whioh  X  think 
will  interest  you. 

,1  hope  you  are  having  a  •bully"  good  time,  and  that  ' 
you  will  keep  your  mind  off  of  this  outfit  here, 

tv  1th  beet  regards  to  all  the  family,.  I  remain, 

Yours  sincerely. 

August  18th,  1911, 

Mr,  Thomas  A,  .Edison, 

Morgan  Harjes  Company, 

Paris,  prance. 

My  dear  Mr.  Mi  son,  - 

X  am  enclosing  herewith,  translations  of  various 
clippings  fron  foreign  newspapers  on  the  subject  of  Submarines. 
Thought  you  would  like  to  look  them  over.  They  show  conclusively, 
th#  tremendous  interest  in  Submarines  on  the  part  of  all 
Governments.  We  seem  to  have  come  into  the  game  at  the  right 
time,  as  Submarines  have  had  owe u^jp^ul^h^retof o r e , 

We  are  reading  with  great  interest  the  various  cabled  inter¬ 
views  with  you  on  the  part  of  the  New  York  World  man.  I  have 
not  seen  any  interviews  about  Submarine  Battery  yet.  I  trust 
you  will  not  lose  an  opportunity  to  pump  these  newspaper  men  full 
of  the  Bubmarlne  Battery  when  occasion  arises.  It  will  hwlp  a 
a  great  deal,  as  these  oable  despatches  are  circulated  all  over 
the  World  when  they  eminate  from  you. 

Yours  sincerely, 


Dresden,  Ge -many, 
June  27,  1.911,, 

In  Copenhagen,  nenmarlc ,  the  Submrine  DIKKRRKW  naught 
fire,  which  seemed  to  he  destroying  the  whole  boat.  Two  men  of  the 

C"ew,  being  in  the  machine  room,  were  hardly  able  to  escape.  The  cr, 

first  tried  to  get  the  fire  under  control  by  the  use  of  water.  As, 

however,  it  was  to  be  feared  that  explosions  might  arise,  the  fire  v 

extinguished  bv  the  use  of  sand.  Considerable  damage  was  done  to 
the  boat. 

Paris,  ■s.rance, 
June  24,  19X1. . 

Cherbourg,  June  2Xra ,  191 l,  rest* 
o'clock,  the  Submarine  RUBIS  ^an  against  t 
terrible  that  several  of  the  accumulators 
daces,  and  the  solution  overflowed  into  t 
boat.  The  first  engineer  was  thrown  by  the 
and  severely  hurt  on  the  head. 

dock.  The  shook  was  so 
■e  thrown  from  their 
surrounding  rooms  of  the 
took  against  the  wall. 

The  Submarine;,  in  spite  of  the 
special  docks  for  Submarines.  The  wounded 
ho  sp ! tal . 

officer  was  brought  ! 

One  ho  at  is  on  the  way  to  get  the 
for  that  purpose,  the  boat  will  go  tomorrow 

accumulators  out ,  and 
to  the  repair  basin  to  be 


r-\  \  Prance ,  July  23rd,  1911. 

Nothing  ' a  more  interesting  these  days  than  aviation  and 
navigation  of  Submarines.  One  will  learn  with  great  pleasure  the 
history  and  present  state  hy  reading  the  book  of  Radiquer.  It  is 
difficult  to* speak  better  and  more  clear  about  all  those  scientific 
and  special  matters,  as  does  this  Prench  engineer.  He  surely  is  able  to 
talk.* He  himself  has  constructed  several  of  the  heat  prench  Submarines 
and  he  has  made  some  greatly  admired  trips  with  these  boats.  His  last 
chanter,  "The  Submarine  Commercial",  which  shall  travel  through  the 
seas,  sounds  like  a  chapter  of  Jules  Verna,  but  is  on  the  other  hand 
of  astonishing  quality,  because  it  is  the  Jules  Verne  of  realiijy. 


Berlin,  Germany, 
Ani.  1st,  1.911. 

The  Submarines  in  Future  War 

A*  i o.ui  of  i.'ne  Russo-Japanese  War,  : 
around  that 'submarines  would  thoroughly  chan; 
;he  Nations  on  the  sea.  While  England  and  wai 
itime  built  up  complete  Plot tilas  of 
low  to  follow*  the  same  example* 

-ience,  however,  proves  that  the  Submarine  is  U 
avoid  attach  of  shores  and  harbors,  etc,,  tea 
■e  its  nossibilities  for  use  on  high  seas  are  lit 
was  at  the  time  of  the  lest,  war  not  compelled 
because  the  Russian  Navy  did  not  attemp-,  -o  1< 


very  best  help  to 
for  the  near  future 
The  Janan  flotilla 
use  its  Submarines, 
the  shores. 

By  looking  the  pri 

with  its  55  boats  in  the  1 e< 
nossession  of  IS  boats,  but  _  _ 
in  the  year  in?,  to  35.  If  it  is  really  so,  of  course,  nobody  -moos 
i"  exactly,  only  thaTthere  will  be  a  large  demand  for  Submarines 
Batteries’ in  Germany  next  year.  This  shows  that  Germany  now  commences 
to  acknowledge  the  value  of  the  Submarines.  It  may  shortly  Lr^s-ated 
that  foe  alliance  of  Germany,  Italy  and  Austria-Hungary  nave  /  and 
4*  rooT)oct1v»lv ,  The  tonnage  of  Submarines  is  continual  ly  increasing. 
Vrnile*  'he  fir"st  of  these  boats  built  in  Prance  had  only  146  tons,  one 
n-»w  boats,  for  instance,  GUSTAVE  7.ERE,  being  under  construction  since 
1910,  has  740  tons.  The  size  of  the  Submarines  has  increased  in  me 
last  ten  years  about  five  times.  In  Great  Britain,  were  seems  o  oe 
the  same  intention  Tor  an  increase  of  size.  Tne  boa  os  built  in  1901 
and  1302  had  an  over-water  displacement  of  104  tons,  and  submerged 
a  disolacement  of  IP-4  tons.  Eor  those  built  in.  1910,  the  same  terms 
ar.,  410  tons  to  95,0  tees  displacement. 

In  regard  ' 

i  bull t  for 

trial  i 

;  200  t 

ttle  is  1 

,  Germany 

In  Prance  and  England,  it  is  an  import 
passage  between  Calais  and  Dover  is  watched  by  1 

. . .  ..  .  _ ;li»h  and  3  French 

A  second  French  line  is  on  the  lookout  in  the  harhor  of 
Cherbourg.  Therefore,  it  will  be  difficult  and  almost  impossible^  _ 
in  time  of  war  to  go  through  the  Channel.  Germany  is  little  touened  oy 
undertakings  of  these  two  Nations.  In  case  of  a  war  between  Germany  anrt^ 
Great  -pritAin,  the  former  has  far  too  weak  a  Navy  to  attack  Grea-  Rritain 
with  its  strong  riottila  in  the  open  sea.  Should,  on  tne  o  trier  nand, 
it  hao o»n  that  a  v/ar  between  Germany  and  -irance  break  out,  it  will 
be  fought  on  land  and  not  on  the  sea* 


Hamburg ,  Germany , 

August  first.,  1911., 

r,»e  German  Wavy  is  now  ready  with  13  Submarines ,  and  there 
has  hern  erected  a  school  for  Submarines. 

The  new  Submarine  call'd  U-3,  made  an  especially  tl<>o& 
trip,  but  it  is  not  possible  to  state  details,  because  every. .nine  is 
kept  secret. 

Lvon,  trance, 
Aue.  3',  1911. 

Yesterday  afternoon  at  Z  o’clock,  the  r 
according  to  the  svstem  of  the  engineer  Laubeuf , 
the  Submarine  being  built  for  the  Greek  Navy.  It 
meters  anil  a  displacement  of  300  tons.  Its  outfi1 
petrol  met or s  for  sailing  on  the  surface,  and  of 
for  sailing  when  submerged. 

IX,  SE00L0 
Milano,  Italy, 
June  lfi,  1911. 

One  of  the  yranoh  Submarine  boa* 
ing  experiment,  in  that  it  has  remained  i' 
13  hours  underneath  the  surface.  The  crew 
throughout  this  time. 

is  made  a  very  interest- 
i  harbpr  of  Tolone  for 
b een/ splend  id  co nd i  t ion 

Mexico , 

June  19,  1911, 

Ab  we  have  reported  already,  the  new  Submarine  BERMOUILLI 
v;ns  launched  on  the  first  of  June  at' the  yards  of  Mourillon.  This 
Submarine  was  floated  bv  having  its  whole  crew  on  board,  under  Lieut. 
Dumont.  It  has  gone  by  its  own  power  to  the  station  for  Submarines, 
where  it  will  get  it.3  outfit. 

It  in  especially  characteristic  that  this  new  Submarine 
had  all.  its  mo  to '•s  on  board,  and  this  has  been  the  first  time  .ha,  a 
boat. of  this  type  was  able  by  its  own  power  to  reach  its  station. 


Bern,  Germany, 
August  4,  « 

Since  several  weeks, 
Mai/;/  1  n tends  •.  o  build  a  new  typ 

As  we  now  hear,  they 
or  ve~y  Jarse  alas. 

;  ’nas  been  known  "Vial 
ol*  Submarine. 

•e  in  fac  t  building  s: 



f  .'iio  s’rjal  1  Be  about  ZOO  Ions  lw 
they  will  be  about  70  tons  lar, 
ir,  to  the  present,  the  larges  .. 

It  is  a  Go not' ess  r act  that 
v  £  in  last  few  years.  In  Ge 
anv  news  about  the  Submarines  no’ 
ir."  that  15,000,000  marks  heve  he 
year. '-The  Naut  ions'  state  s  the  nu 
to  12,  hut  Goes  not  mention 

Submarines  have  keen  considerably 
rman'v  it  ia  not  possible  to 

v,  in'  construction".  It  is  however, 
on  laid  aside  r0r  new  boats  for 
nb-r  of  Submarines  ready  for  ser- 
nv.wker  of  kr-ats  that  are  under 

f  lot,  tila  ' 
Russia  30 

AIT  the  power  f; 
than  Germany,  i 
,  United  States 

,  8, ,  Great  vv: 
19  and  20  und* 
l  has  12  and  si 

have  a  ’ 
3  boats, 

jral  under  way . 

[nos  62  , 


Paris,  franc e , 
July  29,  1911. 

Aeroplane  and  Submarine. 

^  onno  rmiupst  of  the  Government,  has  been 

•  *■> 

r„l.  »«rilne,  .t  ;  IZ'i 

The  aviator"wa«  imposition  to 'find  two  of  the  Submarines  which  were 
underneath  the  surface. 

the  morning8  bu't 'did^no  tV“;etnany'11exactl5answer1i'°becauseethfi  ''matter”should 

i^fPLrS"ablLh»d1hat°anVaviato^  fro^^heleht^f^everaf Humlred 
meters  will' be  Ible  to'  folios/ up  the  evolutions  of  these  admirable 
engines,  the  so-called  Submarines. 



July  15  th,  1911. 

.Vf>  been  made  at  Portsmouth  some  time  ago  by 
ro  been  Sent  three  meters  under  the  water.  In  that 
distance,  the  gunboat  was  able  to  shoot  LycUUt  shells 
The  Submarine  had'  been  sunk  by  the  shells.  As  it 
.  with  every  means  to  raise  it  up  again  to  the  sur- 
d  in  a  short  time.  It  was  stated  that  an  indiret 

Trials  1 
Submarines  that  h 

at  the  Submarines 
face,  the  boat  war  -  .  -  „ 

force  of  the  shell,  but  direct  hit,  exploding  near  the  boat,  made  e 
leak  in  it.  If  this  report  is  true,  it  is  sure  that  Submarines  laying 
in  !}ow  shallow  water  would  not  be  as  safe  against  gun-fire  « 
generallv  believed.  It  greater  depths 
safe  against  artillery  fire. 

trine  would  be  entirely 

A  number  of  battle-ships  anchored,  would  be  able  to  keep 
the  Submarines  off  by  mines  and  sea-level  apparatus,  but  in  every 
respect,  its- position  would  not  be  a  dangerous  one.  A  flottila,  while 
sailing,  would  be  lessVin  danger  ir.  regard  to  Submarines,  but  would, 
on  the  other  hand,  hardly  be  in  a  position  to  fight  those  boats.  The 
best  way  to  keep  the  Submarines  off,  will  al  ays  be  for  battle-ships 
quick  sailing,  changing  of  course,  and  not  sailing  in  a  straight  line 

Lvon, , 
Julv  19,  1911, 

A  war  specialist  of  the  Arsenal  de  Rochefort,  who  has  already 
invented  an  apparatus  which  brings  Submarines  from  the  bottom  of  the 
sea,  when  sunk*,  to  the  surface,  and  keep  them  there  long  enough  to 
save  the  crew,  has  invented,  after  long  searches,  an  invention  which 
enables  o"r’icers  and  >nen  to.  leave  the  Submarine  and  reach  the  surface. 
This  apparatus  is  direfctly  fastened  to  the  bridge  of  the  boat,  where 
it  is  held  by  special  fastenings,  which  are  absolutely  strong  and 
steady,  in  order  to  resist  every  force  of  the  waves  and  of  the  sea. 

Berlin,  Germany,  June  29,  1911,- 

The  Minis ter v  of  Marine  intends  to  construct  or  buy  several 
Submarines  for  the  Wavy ,  which  shall  form  two  flottilas,  i/«  e.,  one 
for  the  Blaok  Sea  on  the  entrance  of  the  Bosphorous,  and  the  other 
for  the  Dardanelles. 

August24th,  1911 • 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, - 

Morgan  H?.r  j  es  Company, 
Paris,  France, 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison ,e 

I  am  enclosing  herewith,  translations  of  several 
foreign  Submarine  clippings , 

I  ain  also  enclosing  clipping  from  the  " 
Herald",  dated  today.  If  you  will  offer  a  re-ward, 
you  -where  Mrs.  Edison  is:  "but  I  will  have  to  find 
you  the  exact  spot  on  the  earth  your  Daimler  has 
before  I  can  have  my  information  accurate. 

Mew  York 
I  will  tell 
out  from 
taken  you, 

I  called  up  my  friend,  the  City  Edith#  this  morning, 
,y anting  surprise  Ahatushch  a  foofc^nessage  should  be  taken. 

'  /5e  doesn’t  seem  to'  know  how  it  got  through. 

Everything  is  going  beautifully  here .  HafeFBHsfBn 
Warren  of  the  Reserve  Submarine  Fleet  with  us  for  a  day  or  ato, 
studying  Edison  Battery, 


IB  TEMPS,  Paris,  Prance, 
July  9th,  1911. 

In  Cherbourg  someone  has  started  building  the  new  Submarine 
JE/  which  is  the  sister  ship  to  the  GUSTAVE  ZKJ5E,  and  these  snips 
are  '•^markable  insofar  as  this  is  a  new  method  of  construction  of  Sub¬ 
marines,  the  dimensions  showing  a  growing  tendency  continually .  The  two 
new  ships  have  a  displacement  of  740  tons,  length  73  meters,  with  a  width 
of  6  meters  and  a-e  going  to  be  4.38  meters  deep.  When  submerged ,  they 
a  A? cole cement  of  1000  tons,  i.  e.,  about  200  tons  more  than  the 
1 1 AROKtMKDB ,  the  latter  being  up  to  the  present  the  largest  of  the  French 

The  enlargement  of  tonnage  corresponds  v/ith  the  tendency  to 
realize  a  Submarine  which  will  be  offensive  also,  and  that  means  a 
Submarine  which  is  able  to  go  far  out  to  sea  and  at  the  same  .ime  f-gh t 
o-  to  enter  into  a  combination  of  the  great  Kavay  forces.  At 
ti-re of' the  beginning  of  the  construction  of  Submarines ,  these  boats 

now^taken  from  the  list  of' the  Favy.  From  the  first  type  of  small ^oubmarine* 
there  has.  been  built  a  number  of  about  40  boats  welch  *e’e  o  a  "i-'e 
’••’nring  from  70  to  20C  tons.  After  that,  trials  were  maue  with  aor-e  larger 
boats  with  a  displacement  superior  to  the  first  40  boats,  and  then  came 
to  the  tvTie  IT/^IBATOW  having  390  tons,  and  to  the  LAUBJ3OT  of  398  tons, 
it  whi ch*V t y pe^  nearly  5  hale  been  constructed.  Ir  remembering  the  a^rience 
_app  Wi+h  th°~e  two  boats,  it  was  decided  tc  go  still  rartner,  ~na  in 
1907,  t^ere  were  in  fact  constructed  the  l'AHOHIPEDE  with  577  tons, 

ADMIRAL  SO G0I8  of  555  tons,  the  FCAEIOGTE  of  530  tons ,  and  the  OHABLES  BRUN 
of  355  tons.  Of  these  four  Submarines  only  ^e  firs,  and  Aieiast  have 

been  finished,  and  the in  tests  have  b-en  very  interesting  and  of  g-ea,vax 

but  this  type  is  not  to  be  taken  as  a  Submarine  for  offence,  Thc>  ore  oniy 

several  days  under  normal  circumstances,  and  no.  Leco  .e  cJlarge 

the°tonnage,Cbut  o^th^other^andt  the  "development  of  the  dimensions 
have  had  the  consequence  that  the  speed  has  a  radius  of 

different  from  there  shov.-n  by  the  older  types,  here  „ro  some  figures  prov 
ing  the  growth  of  Submarines: 




2 .000 


Lffi  JOURNAL,  Par 1b,  Franoe, 
August  third,  1911. 

With  every  success?  a  new  Submarine  of  the  Submersible  type 
Gustave  Laubeuf, 'constructed  by  Messrs .Schneider  and  Co.,  has  been 
launched  for  the  Royal  Navy  of  Greece.  The  new  forms  of  this  type  assure 
better  qualities  for  navigation  and  better  conditions  for  the  crew,  as 
compared  with  the  old  types  of  Submarines.  The  DEL™IH  ie  similar  to  the 
submersible  LAUBEUF,  adopted  by  the  French  Navy,  which,  about^boats, 
since  1904  have  b  ~en  built  from.  The  ship  has  an  inside  and  an  outside 
shell,  which  construction  gives  the  ship  great  resistance  against  shocks 
and  accidents. 

The  3paeebetween  the  two  shells  is  destined  to  contain  water 
ballast  of  a  total  weight  of  160  tons,  and  this  construction  permits  the 
boat  tomreturn  in  a'few  seconds  to  the  surface,  when  the  water  ballast  is 
driven  out  by  means  of  compressed  air  kept  on  board  the  ship.  The 
length  of  the  DJ3LPHIN  is  50  meters,  and  its  displacement  on  the  Biirfaoe 
is  300  tons,  and  submerged  460  tons.  The  speed  arrived  at  hn  the  surface 
is  1<3  knots,  and  underneath  the  water  9  knots. 

The  armament  consists  of  5  torpedoes.  It  is  fitted  with  two  motors 
driven  by  petrol  for  cruising  on  the  surface,  and  two  electric  mo  .ora 
for  navigation  underneath  the  water. 

After  the  Benediction  of  the  boat  by  the  Bishop,  and  on  a  given 
signal  by  the  engineer,  the  cable  which  held  the  boat  on  land  was  cut, 
and  the  Submarine  slid  into  the  water  in  about  ten  seconas. 


NREISINNIGE  ZEITUNG**,  Berlin,  Germany, 
August  6th,  19ll. 

An  English.  Engineer  Thomas  Sladen  has  come  to  several  o.  '.iia 
Naval  authorities  with  a  new  invention  which  he  calls  the  Liberator,  and 
which  is  intended  to  save  men  in  Submarines.  A  trial  made  in  Devon, 
England!  with  two  "dummies "has  given  satisfactory  performance.  The 

22-^lss sr 4  /si. 

circumstances  and  in  the  dark,  it  is  said  that  '.ho  men  c  m  go  0,1.  of 
the  boat  in  not  mere  than  45  seconds. 

So  fa-  as  one-  is  able  to  learn  from  tho  details  of 
it  is  safe  +o  pay  that  the  invention  came  by  his  ideas  and  itscons  .. action 
through  the 'accident  that  occurred  last  Winter  with  the  Submarine  in  Kiel. 


LB  MATIN,  Paris,  prance, 
August  6th,  1911, 

An  accident  of  which  we  learned  ver*  latcyastorday  in  Uherbourg, 
hut  whioh  almost  developed  into  a  real  disaster,  has  happened  to  the 
RUBIS.  We  give  herewith,  a  description  which  v/e  got  from  some  of  the 
crew  of  the  Submarine. 

"It  was  30  minutes  past  3  in  the  afternoon.  The  boat  was  busy 
diving  on  the  shore  of  Bouailes.  The  ship  navigated  on  the  surface  with 
the  water  at  a  depth  of  90  meters,  the  boat  being  about  BOO  meters  from 
the  s^ore.  The  Oommander,  psnault,  the  second  officer  and  10  men  of  the 
crew  were  on  the  bridge.  The  weather  was  splendid  and  the  boat  ®£ead 

on  normal  conditions.  At  a  certain  moment,  however,  one  could  see  that 
tL  bowt  commenced  to  go  deeper  into  the  water  than  ordinarily.  First 
we  did  not  care  about  thiB,  but  after  several  seconds,  the  how  went  under- 
nnatvi  the  water.  Then  we  could  no  doubt  any  longer  that  something  was 
wrong,  and  the  SuSine  was  forced  to  go  further  into  the  water ,  because 
the  font  still  was  going  further  into  the  water.  It  was  a  moment  of  terrible 

"On  the  bridge,  the  Commander  gave  his  orders  without  losing  his 
coolness,  and  following  his  orders,  the  second  officer  went  into  the 
interior  of  the  boat.  After  that,  the  commander  said  to  his  men  who  were 
still  on  the  bridge  'Take  your  coats  off  my  friends,  and  go  into  the  water, 
and  those  who  know  how  to  swim  may  help  those  who  do  not.'  There  were  four 
between  us  who  did  not  know  how  to  swim,  hut  were  helped  by  l nose  who  did. 

In  the  meantime,  the  boat  disappeared  rapidly,  the  bow  was  19 
moters  underneath  the  surface,  and  was  touching  bottom.  The  center  of  the 
ship  was  nine  meters  deep  and  the  stern  was  still  ever  water.  There  was 
no-one  else  to  he  seen  on  the  boat  hut  the  commander,  who  was  on  his  post 
with,  his  hands  caiapqped  to  the  ship,  av/aiting  his  doom* 

Suddenly  we  remembered  that  the  stern  went  up  again.  Gradually 
wo  noticed  the  PUBIS  coming  up  again.  Then  those  of  us  who  °?^dswim  went 
to  the  ship  and  stuck  to  the  sides  of  the  boat.  But  now  we  thought  how 
might  it  ho  with  those  within,  and  what  had  happened. 

The  first  second  after  we  went  down,  there  was  a  great  panio  on 
board,  and  a  rush  to  the  openings. 

"Everybody  on  his  post",  was  ordered  by  the  second  commander, 
"nothing  is  lost,  keep  quiet". 

All  obeyed  orders.  'The  water  entered the boat , ^ill&d  it 
■  up  rapidly.  The  first  moment,  the  quarter-master  had  stopped  Re  moter. 

Ah  the  water  went  higher  up,  the  security  weights  consisting  of  lead. 

were^out^freev  and  -th^  quaiter-master  closed  the  outlet  which  was  left 
t  opened  cao.ol-dentallfry  ciftjtha*,.  way,,  saving ,, in 

turhirie8>o^c:iPut;into  action,; -and  stW;ting.Jn  pui^^n;g  but  t^c  CTadually 

and  therilt  Was  noticed  that  the  »hip  slowly  went  up ’'htoin.  ooming  gradually 

to  the  surfaoe.  This  is  the  report  which  we  got, and  which  shows  that  our 
crews  by  facing  danger,  do  not  loee  their  sang-froid. 


W»  might  »d4  that  It  was  not  necessary 
repair  dock.,  but  she  could  go  by  her  own  power 
she  will  ho  examined. 

to  tW^the  RUBI8  to  the 
to  the  Arsenal,  where 


Wo  hove  already  reported  about  the  accident  of  the  ™®IS.  Following 
we  give  a  declImUon  whicfwas  made  to  our  correspondent  in  Oherbour* 
by  one  of  the  officers  of  the  Submarines. 

■bavins'  dived  we  were  on  the  surface  of  the  water,  and 
i-  n  the  ship  *  "being  about  500  meters  from  shore*  Suddenly 

the  department  of  ^e  machines  -f^'^the^ BehaaM;,,. 
on  board.  Tne  ship  continued  .o  go  aov,  through  his  men  to  throw 

who  was  with  eight  men  on  the  bridge,  gave  ora  -  s  &f  thoir  weights. 

Very8soon%he+"RnBIS  disappeared^under  the^waves  j^and^the^men  had^to  fight^ 

s  a?  LiHwSfcjd  froi  Mr 

£■ sus: 

could  see  that  all  the  men  were  safe  and  sound.  the  £hlp 

SS  £3*3™  or Lr s°todnlf thfmen  to  r “J1"  *t  \heir  ^ut^he^^ 

ofeth%^^tsnorSd!  '^n^he  sSbSne  went  to  ’ ^^thelccident , 

A  commission  has  been  appointed  to  invcstisate  the  cai >««  “or  of  the 

"  which  ar  1. s e^ fram_^ho_aoid 

from  the 



}'YVv  ftKor; 

(p}J CfcuL dTvr 
ttittte  sy"  YMZm/  ^-lUitdiy 
n  a  &&r£fL  ^ 

c£tl  sUv/hr*  y  ^Tr 

4t  <±~M/Aurfr  'try-' 

JUA^O  .£^MMxZh\  4  ~^R) 

t&ufi-  in  '/'M>  -  Wufwy'K  Wuftfit 

/fir  l *JX/-(d^  l/T  ik*r  7t~ 

sWTYK,  fazSAjSU^ 

^A  iztuh  oai  fa 

fi/y-  (w-pry  nrrctC  ou^^t j  4/r-  h~ti4 
Am  d-s^XCt^  ^ 

C )aJSKA^Y^  Iv^gi/A  XCQX  6*  h*W 

''Y&t'  4- 

i^rtAl  cxJLQ^  J 

syjiu^.  A  yr4vf*%L  <f/y  i%&\ 

2,  U  t«E C.  ^  Mp 

'XrtdAr*  'fozir* 
(ftwvil r*  3^  !^'CS/YApXKlA\ 

W\  pr^MX^A,  'T/A'jj/h 

(f^tr?/Y  Cat  JkX, j  cut* — - 

teXTa**  fc  A-v#t*rs  ****3 

W  V.A.  A  4^  'VrL, 

M\a  • 

Sr  Js&jhJL  ^4kr  4tuS^ 
C\  ^'X<zX^, 

c^ua{  icz^rzftrf 

<£t  '^yy^MJhr' 

Sap  tamper  1,  1911. 

r  hy  ; 

Mr.  Thomas  feo.'.Bdigon, 

Morgan  HarJ os  *wjA  Oo., 

Par is,  ^rance. 

My  dear  MT-.  Edison, - 

Analyzing  the  results  cahle<i 

... ...  ^-jssrg = EBEFa’Iis 

for  two  hours.  This  divided  hy  B4o  gives  us  j7./  i 

Vv<.n  at  '•ho  average  voltage  as  low  as  1.1  volts 

«  ell.  .iuoi.t;.;;  *»s&w  ?«<  »•>«  o5-’  >»r” 

oovver  per  hour  for  two  hours.  . 

I  expact  the  order  to  eor.e  aovoos  for  these  boat* 
equipments  in  a  few  days  now. 

'  liri  Thomas  A >  Edison^-  ;■[ i"-*.  >y.v-  ' 

’/organ  Harjes  and  Oo.,. 

i  Paris-,’ fcranco’.  <-”y  ; 

<My  :dear:  Mr V.-Edlson  ,-v  '  ....  ..  ...  . 

'  ■Not  from  fox  in-  over:  twor weeks,.  It  c'ableB  yesterday , 

■;  asking  what1  Is;  going  on,  I  received  a  oable  this  .morning  in  .reply, - 
i  and?  whioh  being'  translated,-”  reads'  as  follows:  v  „ 

y"  -  ■  ■  M  Have'  reported  weekly.  Betters'  lost  ;or  : 

stoieh  in’  transtosion.vM'  getting:  380  ^  v  C 

ampere  hours  at  .two  rate, discharge. out  ofi 
:  ;•  .  ,  ■  the  0-14 ‘Cells  .  'In  good!  condition  :nOWi  . 7  ‘ 

.i  '  .Everything  is : 'ready  .for’  .officials,*  ■  ‘  -.  "‘4 

V  '  :  He  dobs  not  state- whiit'hio  average -volthgef  is  on  diBCher'gs^ 

two7  hour  ;rat'ey  but  from  report.- 'hp;  sent  after-  the  Ji^t  three 

"rrUnfe:  ih'Huss  ia\‘  r'.'$ave-worked:”ou+J  some  .r*a_ul£s'  as-  embodied  in  blue 
1  print  1-  am:  s  end  ink'  ryou:  her  ewi  thv1  THeisei|reBtit  s  wer  e  A -^?n8how 

•’JSnBlgn  Warren','  the  commander  of.  the-  VIPER,  whioh  we  are -to  .  equip 
■  with'  -the  battory,-  when  he  wao  »  re  laot-week.  -  •  ••  ■- -  .  •-  ..r.-.iv- 

>  -  c.-;-.3.  .  I  v;eht:  up;  'to.' .-the  Electric' Boat'  Company's  Plant-  on"  Wednesday, 

1  ’and  -putifin'  the-dajr-With-  Mr'.l  Edga*'.-  -Took Vup-  assembly'  blud ■  prl-rits  ‘of  ■  - 

the-  8-19  cell;. and  of ‘the  -Sf-17- -cell7^  Iir-crfB^  yotK-have^forgotten^t^ 

each  of  the  positive  plates  of  the  batteries  i that 
o  oonsistv  of  fifteen'  type7® ■  grids’,  ■  arranged. flje/hlgh;^*  . 

In  a  oan  having7  a  -  maximum,  allowable  length-  of  ^8“l/2^7|nd  y/idth  •  ®*  . 
'16-3/8",’  to  go  into  this  tank",'  we  want  get.-nlneteeirSfla^twentv  nega-iveB. 
Suoh  'af  oell'  should  develop-  actually  3819-  ampere  hohrBi  at  3"3/4 .hours  » 
discharge  ,t  being -equivalent1  -to  471-KW'  hours  forthe_  entire  battery  of 
102  cells,  to  go  into  the  same  space  as  the.  lead.  The.lead  battery 
.  -in1  thid 'boat, 1  when  brand'.new.,  only  Bhcbfe'1179uampere  hours,  and  136.64 
/Xf 'hours  ;oh  thS11  one'  hour-irate'  oft  dl  soh urge, ’’.  and  a"  maxlmum  of  333-Kpf  _ 

■  hours  , 0-2860’  amp er»’  hours1  on!  the'  ^hrebVho.ur  .disohargd.^^refor^from 

■  results  achieved  after  -  only-  three!  ruhs  ,, **  ' 13®JJ?411i  or 

o-hourd’ more  out’  of  Vthe  Jdison’  Batterya^l^ -they^hn>;flfi>ssibly  ;8«®:.»ut  of 
; .  the i"  -I*hd  ®at t ery<  when 1  brandt. new..d^ :  ** ^ 

Oni<op~Vf  this  otfmer  P«*»i%abie?:that'-diei;'ls- getting: zaOKTT  ■  , 
ampere  hours  at  the  two  hour  rate.  This  you -will  no  t  e->  is  the  m  aximum  ho 
got  out  of  any  of  the  wells  in  the  first  tabulated  result .and  as  r 

.  shown  under  output  to  one  volt  of  ®o»  S  p.  14. , Therefore  the  calls,  aro 

improving.  If  he  gate  380  ampere  hcure  at  th  two.  hour  rate,  he_  will 
.T.J.  'A..-*.-  __A  rn-.«  .  +v.n  AM.  V./S11Y*  v«+«.  Afllilvalunt  t,Q  375  watt  hours 

prohaoly  get  .381  ampere  'nourB,:  -anu  ... 

at- •  the  -  one; ;hour;  rate .  of  .  di  soharge , }mind>you.  :Thlb  will  be  equivalent/ 
to- almost  2.9  ,timasasbiuchoapacIty';in!’KfhourB  at  “  the  -  one'hour  rata 
thaB'is  possible  to  got  out  of  the  leaff  whan  brand  new,  T 

^■•o'^l.l;';i^  ^^et^380'!^8re  :haur8liAt'>tlia,;tiito.  hour  rata,  we  will 
odrtainly  get : 400;;'amp9re'Th6ur'a'  .at  Tah  average"  of  1.3  volte  at-^he'  threa 
htfur-.rata.  .Thi'a  will1  beVaqulvalent'  tb '17yl^w£^ 

to.  ’500  'Kff  hOurs*  capaoitydf  102  Syi'9  oellsper.,  tank.  .Thie  is  all t tie 
over  L~l/°  times  the  KV  hour  capacity  of  the  lead  ’hen  brand  ne*. 

•  •  ..-T  •  All  of  the  'above  figures  are  based  on  our  using  S-19  -Celle' 
in  the  VIPBR  tank;1  But  the  'VIPBR  motor -when  aotingas  a  dynamo,  rodnnot 
save  over  650  ampereeV  rThee e  'sinall •  .'tube'delle  inUeti  ’be., charged  in  ■ 
IproStely  Z"  bours,for  they  will  go  "Dopey*  on  a  longer  charge, 
atPa  ;lower  'rate  .•  ’Therefor^,  ilt  ’beobries-.inOooSBary  to  ;S-17 

'  "  iritb  too. 

rate  ."msanirig^that'  it- totiit'-be  ohar^ed  at>  -the  ratehof  ;l2I3yfl-. dmperesv^ 
when  char aed  a  e  a  whole  battery,  but  when  divided  up  into  two  groups, 

:  ehch  group  to.  •  be  ’  Q)itogbS;;flibn'eB.out^ve3^^at^;WdhtgOOTi  aaperee »  Ihie-  pha^g- 
lng  rate  ia  within  the’ ’capacity  of  the  dynamo  oh  *tlie  boat. 

capacity,  would  fall  down  to  probably  a  little  lower  than  the  lead,  owing 
to  th'e':d'i8tanoe’.;that‘ -has  to  exiet  between  cells. 

I  ;am  having  the'  oells  mde  up  as  followBt 
•7.-  -...1.  ' .  ••  ,  orie  S-19  with  two'  terminals  and 

Two  S-l?:  with  . four  terminals  eaoh. 
yie  hope  •  to  have  those  oelle  finished  by  the- time  you  get  back.  . 

It  hae  been  .raining  for  a  week,,  and  has  oleared  off  today. 

Ve  read  of  am  automobile  aooident  in’Bwi'tseriandV  One  paper 
turned  completely  over,  and  was  a  total  wreck.  Another 

said,  the  oar  turned  completely  overhand  was  a  ^tStffhr9RtiiiI1another 
■aid  that  you  have  fallen  down  a  cliff  fifty  f  e  a  t  hi gh . _ S t i -1  ano ther 
that  you  had  baoked  into,  eoft  Bround,  and  had  to  be  piaied  out  by  one 
cow  and  one  mule  hitched  .tandem.  This  proves  the  'w  racity,  . of  the  •  ... 

‘  Youre.  slnoerely,  -  ■  '  ■ 

Sept.  23rd,  1911. 

My  dear  Mr.  Dyer,- 

I twill  interest  you  to  know  that  I  wub  honored  by 
a  visit  from  Lieut,  Courtney  today.  He  arrived  about  ten  o'clock  and 
remained  until  after  lunch.  I' treated  him  with  every  courtesy,  and  ' 
avery  politeness,  of  course,  frankly  told  him  that  he  has  been 
erroneously  posted  on  Edison  Battery,,  and  aBkod  him  to  put  up  to 
me  the  questions  that  he  would  like  to  have  answered  correctly.  He 
proceeded  to  do  so,  arid  in  answering,  I  produced  curves  of  testa 
covering  the  various  points  raised.  I  wound  up  by  showing  him  the 
life  test  in  the  Laboratory,  in  which  we  have  charged  at  normal 
rate  and  discharged  at  l-l/o  times  normal  rate  A- 4  cells  for  over 
1100  times.  After  each  charge,  the  cells  being  short-circuited  to 
zero.  I  showed  him,  where,  with  the  $p Id  type  E  colls,  the  E  cell 
went  out.  of  business  after  275  cycles’  of  this  treatment.  I  also  showed 
him  where  type  E  cells,  are.'iri  use  today  on  electric  vehicles  of  .  .  . 

Tiffany  and  Oo.  He  remarked  that  a. wagon-  in  Washington  was  equipped, 
with  E  cells  five  years  ago ,  and  is  still  in  service .  He  talked  with, 
the  driver  of  this  wagon j  who  reported  very  favorably  on  the  cells.  ... 

I  then  procafided;  toshovr  him  where,  If  the  Edison  Cell  of  the  A-4  typ®^: 
will  stand  1X00  of  these  cycles  .and  still  he  above :'cuajp.anteed  y 

chphcity  at  the  end  of  .aho;ut  tv/o  years  of,  such  treatment,,  that  on  : 
the  same  basis  ,  even  ,  if  they  are  no  bettor  than  E  cslla  in  actual 
performance  in  vehicles as  compared  with  results  shown  by  this 
brutal  treatment,  that  a  set  lofjgjjJdiBon  Cells  -in -an  electric  vehicle 
in  daily  service  will,  last  , for  about  20  years.  He  saw  this  point  ' 

.  very  quickly.  .  ■  -  .  •  ,  ..-  ■ 

I  then  Showed  him  results  .obtained  .on  the  thin  tube 
cells,  with  very  highj^  average  voltage  and  exceedingly,  low  i&iternal 
resistance.  In  other  words,  I  converted  I  feel 

.quite  sure.  -•  .  “*'•**•.  , 

He  then  raised  the  point- of  price,  saying  that  if  he 
could  get  a  lead  cell  for  §15,000,00  that,  would  last  for  500  cycles, 
or  for,  five  years,  that,  he  would, 'prefer  putting  lead  cells  in  at  1/3 
the  p^ice  of  Edison  and-  replacing  thom.  at'  .tho  erid.  of  every  five  years* 

even  if  our  cells  would  last  for>: fifteen-years  He  entirely  lonttraok 
of  the  fact  that  wo  provide  about  .twice  the  capacity  in  ,-tha-  same 
r  epaefc  and 'for  retire  earii&  weight1!  arid  *  when  Iv  called  hi  a  at-tehtion  .to.  the 
fact  that  we  are  delivering  for  J45 ,000,00i.twioe -f  the '  capacity  he i: can., 

.  get. for  |l5, 000 .00,  arid  with  the  very  good  assurance  that  the  cells ' .  ■ 
-wlll'i outlast  any1  Submarine  boats  they  are;  placed,  in,,  he  commenced  to 
see  the  light.  /  M  ‘  ‘  ^  ;  *'  -'r  (“’JJ  ^  ^ 

Vhen  I  had  finished  with  him',  I  took  him  home  to'  "/,< 
lpnch,  and  finally  to  the  train  In  my  maohlne .  I  think  he  will 

to  ub  in  the  future,  as  he  hae'nt  a  leg  to  stand  on  > 
all  props -knodked  from  Under  him  with  that  aotual  gu< 
anceias  shovm  hy  curved.:  •  i'!  f  • 

•  Thought  you:  would  llk<4'  to  know  of  thii 
this  letter  rather  than  take  utf  your  .time,. to  tell  y°' 

and  am.  writing 
rerhally,  ; 

Beptember  30,  I9II. 

Dear  Mr.  Dyer, 

I  was  looking  over  the  teste  made  on  Edison  Battery  in  the 

cold  room  of  the  Electrical  Testing  Laboratories,  and  understand  from 
Mr.  Holland  that  you  contemplate  havlngtiieresulte  |f^0Betes  s 
embodied  in  a  letter  or  paper  to  be  read  «J® Electrical 

Vehicle  Association,  and  otherwise  published  broadcast. 

Permit  me  to  urge  careful  consideration  of  thJB 
ouarter  inoh  tube  cellB  will  show  up  far  greater  than  suoh  effect  on 

an  average  voltage  of  1 .2  volts  per  cell  when  discharged  down . 
one  volt  per  cell  only.  These  14  pkates  are  contained  in  a  standard 
A-8  can. 

A  standard  A-8,  when  discharged  at  twice  its  normal  rate,  or 
at  only  120  amperes!  shows  only  300  ampere  hours  down  to  I  volt,  at  an 
average  of  only  1. 137  per  cell. 

As  far  as  active  material  quantity  is  concerned,  we  figure  the 

for  three  hours  and  to  one  volt,  at  average  of  X.2  volts  per  oell. 

An  A-8  discharging  at  146  amperes  to  one  volt  would  |ive  only 
about  235  ampere  hours  at  an  average  voltage  of  1. 106  vol  s. 

In  other  words,  from  an  equivalent  amount  of 
in  the  a  C-I6  (  eighth  inch  plates)  we  get  521  watt  hours  or 
work,  when  discharged  to  one  volt-  the  lowest  practioal  voltage 
and  from  an  A-8  we  get  only  259 .9  watt  hours . 

Henoe  we  have  twloe  the  watt  hours  from  the  0-16  as  from  the 


In  my  opinion,  nothing  but  one-eighth  inoh  plates  will  be  used 
in  Edison  Battery  at  the  end  of  two  years. 

When  the  Exlde  put  up  cells  for  test  they  furnished  the  thin- 
very  thin-  plate  cells .  We  should  have  deferred  this  test  until  we 
could  furhish  our  thin  plate  cells . 

In  other  words,  the  Davy  and  Army  people  will  immediately  bectoe 
prejudiced  against  the  oell  until  we  prove  the  thin  plate  cell  is 
hot  similarly  e*f acted-  to  the  same  extent-  by  cold. 

for  lj»w  temperatures  is  also  good  for  concision  prdventative . 

I  doubt  if  I  oan  soil  a  single  submarine  battery  with  that 
temperature  curve  in  the  hands  of  the  Governments. 

The  Public  in  general  wont  stop  long  Jn0US^  read  the 

are  asked,  but  keep  quiet  meanwhile. 

As  a  master  of  fact/  that  curve  dont  mean  anything  in  practical 

through.0 the^cold  capacg/e X^t  shown 

hj^these  curves  would  have  put  a  crimp  in  our  ribs  two  years  ago. 

But  the  prospective  customer  wont  listen  to' this' very  much, 
and  if,  when  becoming  enthused  it  after  he  has  his 

will  be  apt  to  read  no  further .Whereas  if  he  ge ts  it  af^er  “oS5l0gi0»: 

operafionffioVf°f  customers  mind,  which  I  Aave  been  up  against  a  good  many 
times • 

Slncer ely, 


December  31,  I9II. 

Talk  with  Mr.  Spear  of  Submarine  Boat  Co.  yesterday  * 
very  ajatinfactory. 

All  he  wanted  to  know  was,  if  he  pitches  in  and  trlea  hie 
uT,inoBM  uo  have  our  battery  adopted  in  boats  of  their  manufacture 
for  foreign  Nations,  if  we  will  safeguard  our  reputation  and  theirs 
by  not  installing  batteries  on  inferior  boats  where  they  would  get 
a  blacjk  eyo.  I  replied  affirmatively. 

,  While  he  would  naturally  like  to  .get  .  the.  exclusive  right 
for  thla  battery  lii  all  foreign  countries,  he  sees  our. position  and 
respects  it.  He  is  a  business  man.  The  other  follows  he  has  sent 
-  ■■‘V talk -the  matter  over  are  mot.  \ 

r  to 

l'  iiil’i 

. i  told  him  wo  have  -the  opportunity  of  installing  batteries 

ana  jl4  he  wants  to  actually  forestall  any  competitor  from  forging 
ahead  -of  him,  he  had  .better  pile.  up.,prder8  , with. us.  of  ..sufficient 
magnitude  to  take  our  output  up  so  we  cannot  fill  the  orders  of 
anyonejel^Oi  So  he  la  proceeding  along  lines  that  will, . I  think, 
be  productive  of  considerable  business in  the  near  future. 

Is  in  negotiation  with  this  Government  to  install  an  Edi- 
.«,tery  in  one  of  tho  new  boats  they  are  building.  Think  that 
tooted  oo -operation  between  Navy.  Dept,  and  themselves,  the  former 
luting  funds  from  reserve  and  the  latter  taking  less  profit 
boat,  they  can  rake  up  enough  to  buy  a  battery  for  one  new 

son  Bat 
by  exp 
oontrl  >1 
on  the 

Agrees  with  us  that  any  combination  between  us  would 
unfavorably,  beoauBe  as  soon  as  Navy  Dept.  flund  it  out 
luld  object. . . .  - 

Ae  to  Great  Britain:  He  expects  to  install  our  battery . 

.r  or' five  boats  soon.  When  so  installed  and  value  demonstra¬ 
ted.  ;he  Government  would  demand  that  the  cells  he  capable  of 
manufoiLturo  iji  Great  Britain  in  event  of  warn  They  have  an  inviolable 
rule  t:  Lat  all  war  material  be  available  within  their  own  Country 
in  event  of  hostilities.  Therefore,  in  looking. ahead,  Vickers, 

;  :  .ioenBees  in  England,  expressed  willingness  ^o  convert  a 
u  o:’  thoir  plant  to  assembly  of  Edison  Batteries  in  case  we  want 
them  to.  They  can  import  tubes  and  pockets  as  Germany  ie  doing, 
and  asi  lemble  under  our- direction.  Can  carry  chough  stock  of  tubes 
and  pookets  to  satisfy  the  Government  ae  reserve,  or  do  anything 
else  they  can  for  ub,  to  indure  a  large  business.  The  condition 
ia  not  intended  to  ooerce  ub.  in  any  way,  but  to  demonstrate  their 
willingness  to  aoBiat  in  case  we  want  them  to  later.  Spear  prefers 
.1  cells  be  nade  in  Orange  for  the  first  three  or  four  boats, 
—  ■  chances  of  improper  assembly  before  stand- 

lat ion 
build  A' 

Edgar  has  been  ordered  to  Orange  to  close  order  for  the 
i  mall  boats  using  C-I4.  cells,  and  .to  go  over  with  me  the  instal- 
i  of  the  celis  in  the  boat.  We  are  to  select  the  best  one  of 
i  rrangements.  They,  of  course,  do  the  installing,  Spear 
.1  ordors  for  about  sixty  more  of  these  boats.  Ho  refused  to 
1  hem  unleus  Edison  Battery  is  used,  and  after  Eox  got  in  the 
he  did,'  the  coast  was  clear  and  the  order  placed  for  the  , 

first  three  boats. 

By  telephone  request  I  lunched  with  Geo.W. Young  at  his 

He  reports  that  the  outside  Hoving  Picture  people  have 
oome  to  him  to  fora  a  large  company  to  take  all  of  them  ih  and 
put  a  large  amount  of  working  capital  /behind  them.  He  felt  them 
out  and  find  they  will  sell  out  all  their  rights  for  81,500,000 
net.  His  objeot  in  taking  up  his  time  to  talk  the  matter^  over  was 
to  he  able  to  tell  us  what  is  in  the  wind  and  to  be  able  to  handle 
the  situation  for  you  in  case  you  h  ave  any  ideas  on  the  subject. 
They  are  evidently  trying  to  get  from  under  on  this  reoenjt  decision 
in  your  favor,  of  which  Hr.  Young  knew  nothing.  If  you  Wave  any 
ideas  on  the  subject,  Mr.  Young  will  be  very  glad  to  be  off  any 
friendly  sorvioe.  Very  nice  of  him.  I  BUggeBt  a  note  of  phanks  to 
him  in  case  you  desire  no  further  efforts  on  his  part. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Birthday  Greetings  [not  selected]  (E-11-24) 

This  folder  contains  letters  congratulating  Edison  on  the  celebration 
of  his  sixty-fourth  birthday. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Book  and  Journal  Orders  (E-11-25) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
books  sent  to  Edison  or  ordered  by  him,  along  with  items  pertaining  to  his 
book  collections  in  West  Orange  and  Fort  Myers  and  his  subscription  to  news 
clippinq  services.  In  addition  to  correspondence  with  publishers  and  book 
dealers,  there  are  letters  from  authors  such  as  Edgar  Chambless  Robert 
Grau,  Hiram  M.  Hartwell,  and  Elbert  G.  Hubbard.  Also  included  is  a  letter  by 
Rev.  James  Luke  Meagher,  recalling  his  visit  with  Edison  at  Menlo  Park 
during  the  early  1880s. 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
material  not  selected  consists  of  routine  orders,  letters  of  transmittal,  and 
unsolicited  correspondence. 



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NEW  YORK  CITY  fl  ! 

■mdno  l*t.  1910. 

Ur.  Thou.  A.  Edison, 
Fort  Uy*rs,  Fla. 

Dwr  Slrl 


Hew  York  Feb.  10,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edit) on. 

Orange , 

H.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

Sorry  you  were  too  busy  to  see  me  when 
I  last  called.  I  will  try  to  get  time  to  run  out  again  some 
time  soon,  and  hope  by  that  time  you  will  have  read  Roadtown. 

Enolosed  is  the  copy  of  a  letter  from 
Mr.  Burbank  which  I  trust  will  stimulate  you  toward  some  se¬ 
rious  thought  on  the  subject. 

•  Many  of  the  most  prominent  men  in  the 
country  have  already  shown  a  very  serious  interest  in  the  sub¬ 

When  I  last  talked  with  you  you  prom¬ 
ised  to  keep  your  eye  on  Roadtown  so  I  trust  you  have  seen  a 
of  the  hundreds  of  articles  which  have  been  published. 

Yours  cordially) 


i  Experiment  Farm. 

Santa  Robb,  Cal.  Jan.  S3,  1911. 

Mr.  Edgar  ChambleBB, 

New  York,  W.  Y.  !Q(  - 

Dear  Sir:- 

Yours  of  Jan.  11th,  and  the  highly  absorbing  book, 
"Roadtown"  received  in  due  season,  and  although  i  have  very  little 
time  to  read,  I  have  read  every  word  of  "Roadtown"  and  am  deeply 
interested  in  the  proposition  which  I  am  sure  is  not  only  thprough- 
ly  practical  but  an  absolute  necessity  for  the  existence  of  our 
present  civilization.  To  me,  it  seems  that  "Roadtown"  will  solve 
a  hundred  perplexing  problems  which  are  agitating  the  people  at 
the  present  time.  That  "Roadtown"  should  come  to  pass,  seems  to 
bo  a  matter  of  course. 

You  have  my  heartiest  good-will  in  your  wonderful 
project.  I  thank  you  for  "Roadtown"  and  millions  of  others 
will  probably  thank  you  in  the  future. 

Yours  respectfully, 

Luther  Burbank. 


Schenectady  Store  ,  (i— < 

tfi  ( 

Thomas  A. Edison, 

Orange, N.J. 

Dear  Sir,- 

We  recall  that  you  favored  us  with  an  order 
for  Dr.Steinmetz’  GENERAL  LECTURES. 

If  this  book  has  proved  of  interest  we  would 
appreciate  a  statement  concerning  it  from  you. 

This  we  will  use  only  as  you  approve. 


309  State  Street 


(py,v  O^Uyrvi 

February  18,  1911. 

W.H.  Meadowcroft,  Esq. , 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft 

I  am  sending  you  today,  by  express,  the  promised 
complimentary  copy  of  my  new  book,  "The  Science  of  Poetry 
and  the  philosophy  of  Language."  I  am  also  taking  the 
liberty  of  sending  in  the  same  package ,  the  copies  of  the 
book  promised  to  other  members  of  your  establishment . 

Scientific  men  all  over  the  world  have  given 
the  book  a  most  cordial  welcome.  I  have  received  many 
letters  from  some  of  the  greatest  men  of  our  time,  which 
are  highly  appreciative  of  the  work  -  some  of  them  enthusi¬ 
astically  bo.  1  enclose  you  copies  of  a  few  which  are 

This  is  the  first  time,  I  believe,  ifaat  the 
subject  of  pootry  has  had  sol.atific  aM  i.p.rti.1  trcst«.»t. 
!  that  the  loo*  discovers  vary  importert 

truths,  a»d  that  it  .ill  short.a  the  ]»th  losses  ‘bo 
labor  aad  c»p»=e  i»  tho  «o,«i  .ceat  of  a.-e  vo«y  us.fl 
pledge  to  »d  of  letters,  teachers  aad  *»blio 

spe alters,  sad  .ill  1-  -  -  «  «  °f 

After  yon  *,11  hove  read  the  booh.  I  should  be 

very  glad  to  know  how;  you  like  it. 

Yours  jP8.A*bli£ttHy » 


The  Stage  in  the  Twentieth  Century 

<=— -» 

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^  -  Pt-  ■%<« 

/A-XZ.  *U2~*cS—' 

6ts-c^C-£.  ^  *; 



/^WER  eighty  per  cent  of  the  subscribers 
I  J  to  Mr.  Grau’s  previous  works  have 
ordered  the  forthcoming  Volume  in  advance 
of  Public  Announcement. 

The  following  are  extracts  from  letters  Bent 
to  the  Author,  after  he  had  informed  the 
writers  of  his  plans  for  a  third  volume. 

enclosing  my  check  for 

.  _  _ osmg  my  cnecit 

$50.00  as  a  contribution  to  your 
new  volume,  and  hope  it  will 
aid  you  in  your  fine  purpose. 

“I  take  pleasure  in  sending  you 
a  check  for  $50.00  as  my  con¬ 
tribution  to  your  third  volume. 

“1  am  glad  to  contribute  $50.00 

towards  your  efforts.  _ 


“I  am  sending  you  herewith  my 
check  for  $25.00  as  evidence  of 
my  interest  in  your  forthcoming 

“I  am  pleased  to  enclose 
$50.00,  and  hope  your  third  vol¬ 
ume  will  be  as  worthy  as  the 
others  from  your  pen." 


“Enclosed  check  for  $25.00,  be¬ 
ing  my  contribution  to  your 
forthcoming  issue, 


"I  am  happy  to  hear  you  are 
preparing  another  volume,  and 
you  can  count  on  me  for  $25.00, 
befoie.  LEO  FEIST 

“Counton  me  to  any  extent ^de- 

sired  for  your  rmmberNth^e6RN 

"Am  contributing  $1 00.00  toward 
your  third  volume,  but  this  does 
not  represent  by  'any  means  the 
total  resources  from  this  end. 


“Enclosed  find  $25.00  which  I 
gladly  contribute  toward  your 
third  volume.” 


Note.  The  third  volume  “THE  STAGE  IN 
timately  of  every  phase  of  modern  theatrical 

Amusement  World. 

SnW.riDtion  Edition  de  Luxe  $5.00  the  copy. 

-■rrrc  ========= 

ROBERT  GRAU,  53  Elm  Ave.,  Mt.  Vernon,  N.Y. 


The  Stage  in  the  Twentieth  Century 


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t~w  T.  __ 

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PERHAPS  the  most  important  evo¬ 
lution  for  the  stage  in  this  decade 
is  the  now  absolute  certainty  of  a 
perfect  synchronism  between  the  motion 
picture  ami  the  phonograph,  by  which 
science  anil  artifice  will  combine  to  pre¬ 
sent  a  counterfeit  interpretation  of  the 
great  works  of  playwrights  ami  compos¬ 
ers,  without  the  aid  of  players  ami  sing¬ 
ers  even  dispensing  with  orchestia  or 
piano  accompaniment. 

Moreover,  by  reason  of  a  recent 
achievement,  it  is  possible  to  obtain  the 
most  diversified  color  effects,  thus  per¬ 
mitting  of  realistic  reproductions  of 
scenic  illusions.  It  will  soon  he  possible 
to  bring  to  our  very  doors  "The  Passion 
Play"  with  the  Obcramergau  peasants 
figuring  in  the  rendition  and  with  sound, 
motion-picture  and  color,  all  reproduced 
in  a  conquest  fully  as  remarkable  (and 
equally  important)  as  any  that  history 
to  this  day  can  record. 

It  has  already  been  possible  for  an 
audience  to  hear  at  the  Eden  Musee.  in 
N'cw  York,  an  act  from  "I.ucia  di  1-arn- 
ermnor”  with  Caruso,  Semhrich,  Piaucon 
and  Scotli  in  the  cast.  And  this  audi¬ 
ence  was  enabled  to  hear  the  superb 
sextette  with  the  same  illustrious  singers 
heard  at  the  Metropolitan  Opera  House. 
The  writer  was  among  those  present 
and.  while  perfection  had  not  been  yet 
achieved,  no  great  wrench  of  the  imag¬ 
ination  was  necessary  in  order  to  pro- 
pheev  that  the  day  is  not  far  off  when 
the  workingman  will  lay  down  his  dime, 
and.  upon  entering  the  model  moving 
picture  theater  of  the  near  future,  hear 

( I  rand  opera  sung  hv  the  world's  great- 
cst  singers  with  every  artistic  requisite 
at  hand.  And  lie  will  be  able  to  take  his 
entire  family,  and  occupy  the  best  seats, 
tor  one-half  the  sum  necessary  to  per¬ 
mit  one  person  to  sit  in  the  top  gallery 
of  the  Metropolitan  Opera  Mouse. 

In  Paris  the  leading  members  of  the 
famous  Comedie  Erancaise  have  been  in¬ 
duced  to  pose  for  the  film  makers — Ue- 
jane,  Jane  Hading.  Mound.  Sully  ami  the 
Coquelins,  as  well.  We  will  not  have 
to  wait  long  before  great  plays  and  spec¬ 
tacles  too  costly  to  transport  to  this 
country  will  he  revealed  to  American 
plavgoers  by  reason  of  the  accomplished 
synchronism  Hwixt  sound  and  motion. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  from  whose 
brain  both  the  cinematograph  ami  the 
phonograph  originated,  places  no  limit 
on  the  possibilities  of  modem  artifice. 
He  also  is  intensely  interested  in  every 
phase  of  the  progress  as  it  develops  and 
has  promised  that  every  obstacle  to  a 
perfect  ensemble  in  musical  and  dramatic 
reproductions  shall  he  removed. 

In  Chicago,  Mr.  George  Klcino  has 
devoted  the  lictcr  part  of  his  life  to  ef¬ 
forts  by  which  the  artistic  level  of  the 
moving  picture  theater  is  being  con¬ 
stantly  raised.  "The  educational  film"  is 
his  hobby.  Like  Mr.  Edison,  lie.  too. 
believes  that  we  are  emerging  to  an  era 
of  the  marvelous  in  cinematography, 
aided  and  abetted  by  the  greater  phono¬ 

What  will  he  the  effect  on  the  players 
and  singers  when  science  anil  artifice 



combine  to  make  unnecessary  their  par¬ 
ticipation  in  stage  presentations  of  plays, 
operas  anti  spectacles?  Who  can  tell? 

We  know  that  the  great  Caruso  earns 
quite  as  much  from  the  preservation  of 
his  vocal  records  as  he  does  from  his 
operatic  achievements.  And  this  state¬ 
ment  applies,  in  proportion,  to  his  col¬ 


The  writer  believes  that  time  will  ad¬ 
just  even  this  delicate  problem,  for  sure¬ 
ly  these  great  artists,  by  lendiug  their 
aid  and  accepting  tremendous  compensa¬ 
tion,  have  made  possible  the  conditions 
which  have  brought  about  the  most  in¬ 
teresting  and  unique  situation  since  the 
art  of  public  entertaining  was  inaugu- 


Marred  and  battered,  it  lies  unused 
The  spirit  of  melody  it  diffused 
time  brings. 

I  close  my  eyes,  as  in  thought  of  return 
To  a  long-dead  Summer,  a  tropic  night, 

A  moss-grown  tree,  by  a  rippling  burn. 
And  a  lassie  with  eyes  that  arc  full  of 

I  lie  at  her  feet,  while  her  song's  glad  notes, 

Sweet,  and  far  through  the  night  air  floats, 
Like  the  scent  of  the  flowers  that  the 
fairies  bring. 

And  silvering  the  strings  that  her  fingers 

The  love-light  quenched  in  the  sweet, 
She  sleeps  where  we  laid  her  with  blinding 
Under  the  drooping,  tropical  skies. 

And  back  from  the  past  fond  memory 
The  words  of  a  half-forgotten  song. 

01,1.  Code.  Om.  Obi.  Co..  "VICTORIMP" 

Telephone  S358  MURRAY  HILL 

Imperial  Machine  Co. 




Vegetable  Paring  Machine 

Principal  Office  and  Salesrooms 

41  WEST  33rd  STREET 

NEW  YORK.  N.  Y..  U.  S.  A. 


Mr.  Tho 8 .  Edison, 

7,’est  Orange,  H.  J. 

March  2lst/ll. 

Dear  Sir:  — 

I  am  sending  you  by  mail  under  separate  cover,  copy 
of  my  booklet  entitled  "INVESTORS  and  IKVETTTIOITS 

I  have  taken  the  liberty  to  insert  your  photograph 
among  other  celebrated  inventors  and  scientists.  I  have  also 
referred  to  you  in  another  part  of  the  book,  which  I  trust 
will  be  satisfactory  to  you. 

Should  you  find  time  to  look  my  little  book  over 
vvhioh  I  have  published  at  my  own  expense,  and  fatfor  me  with 
your  opinion  on  the  same,  I  will  be  extremely  grateful  to  you. 

Very  respectfully  yours 



Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 
Orange  II .  J . 
My  Doar  Mr.  Edisonj 

X  called  yesterday  and  was  sorry  not  to  see  you. 

Would  you  kindly  advise  me  when  X  can  have  a  few  words  with  you  on 
the  subject  of  Roadtown. 

I  have  been  hoping  you  would  read  my  book  before  r  saw  you  again 
and  become  thoroughly  conversant  with  all  my  ideas,  but  I  fully  realize 
that  reading  any  book  may  be  postponed  from  time  to  time,by  such  a  busy  man 
I  also  realize  that  your  wonderful  mind  can  follow  the  ramifications 
of  the  Roadtown  principle  without  ever  reading  what  I  have  written  on 

the  subject. 

I  wish  to  discuss  a  phase  of  the  Roadtown  movement,  which  T  beleive 
to  be  of  vast  importance  to  the  public,  and  of  the  keenest  interest  to 
you  personally. 

In  our  last  talk  you  promised  to  keep  your  eye  on  Roadtown  develop¬ 
ment  and  on  mo.  I  can  assure  you  that  I  naed  your  counsel  and  encour- 
agment,as  well  as  that  accorded  by  Mr.  Burbank  and  dozensof  other  notables 
If  you  had  a  hard  struggle  to  get  your  first  big  idea  started  right,  you 
can  readily  appreciate  my  need  for  moral  suupcrt  and  enoouragmont. 

trusting  that  it  will  be  convenient  for  you  to  see  me  early  next 
week,  I  remain  with  beat  wishes. 


..  A.K' 

Telephone,  5358  M 

*ray  hill 

Imperial  Machine  Co, 




Vegetable  Paring  Machine 

Principal  Office  and  Salesrooms 

41  WEST  33rd  STR 


Kr.  Thomns  Hklisoh, 
’.Vest  Orenge 

range,  - 

Dear  Sir:-  fa  » 

Will  you  Mly  advise  me  if  you  hove  received 

my  letter  of  tor.  SS/ll  end  cony  of  my  hoc  1-let  .which  X 
hnve  sent  you  in  connection  with  tfee  semo  fo^view  end 
greatly  oblige, 

Yours  very 


Christian  Press  Association  Publishing  Company 

Instituted  by  ordef  o(  tbe  Apostolic  Delegate  and  compslslog  over  1,500  Priests  ol  the  United  States 


ufacturcre  and  Impotlet.  ol  Church  Goods,  Chalices,  Vestments,  Statues,  Bannets,  Regalia,  and  Religious  Article,  ot  all  kinds 

PURE  ALTAR  WINES  mission  supplies  a  specialty 


.  at!  llAltCI-AY  STREET,  \  A 

|  NEW  VORK.  Jpril  I0tb,I9II.  )  ✓ 

►  l” 

TO  THOMAS  A.  EDISON.  '  L  '  f  \jS 

THE  6-REAT  INVENTOR  H  ^  .  WfV  J 




>  v 

idesent  i, amp 

After  yoj*  bad  invaded  you  tynog»nde  sent  1 
about  1881, I  had  foe  Honor  of  calling  on  you  in  Menlo  ParK  and  w. 
tallied  a  Ions  tfm.  that  evening  on  scelnoe.Tbe  next  day  you  went 
with  me  to  your  bouse,took  one  of  the  lamps  out  of  tbe  cbamdlier 
and  gave  it  to  me^biob  I  have  treasured  since  as  a  mark  of  your 
kindness, W*  met  later,  but  I  did  not  want  to  take  up  your  time  . 

For  over  forty  years  I  have  made  a  special  study  of 
science,  and  read  all  tbe  works  on  that  subject  in  different 
languages, I  combined  all  in  a  work', THE  «.RS  of  THE  UNIVERSE , 
wbiob  I  took  tbe  liberty  to  send  you  some  weeks  ago.  Tbe  work  I 
tbink  gives  tbe  fundamentals  of  all  tbe  discoveries  to  our  day, 

I  would  like, if  you  cun  spar,  tbe  tim./tbat  you  would 
read  tbe  book  .You  will  find  that  it  contains  a  university  Course 
condensed  into  529  Pages. and  I  tbink  it  will  be  useful  to  you. 

No  man  of  any  age  put  into  practical  use, as  you  have, 
tbe  discoveries  of  our  time, I  have  always  bad  a  warn  spot  in  my 
heart  for  you  since  tbe  time  w.  first  met , and  I  bop.  you  will 
live  long  and  bring  forth  many  inventions  for  the  bettering  of 
-  After  you  read  the  work  will  you  kindly  let  me  know 


The  Stage  in  the  Twentieth  Century 

The  scope  of  my  new  volume  .being 
.he  final  volume  of  the  stage  series  in  such, 

,hat  I  have  to  tell  you  something  about  its  < com 
ilex  character.  I  am  treating  in  this  volume  of 
Several  phases  of  industry  in  which  you  and  your 
ichicvements  figure  vitally.  Of 
jn/r  picture  and  phonograph  phase  I  am  familiar 
trith, though  in  this  book  both  will  ficuro  J1 
Larrer  way  than  X  ever  expected, but  it  is  the  el 
ictrical  phase  of  progress  on  the  stage  and  in 
theatrical  construction  that  1  .^provided 

and  I  presume  that  you  will  nee  that  I  em  provide 
;vith  data  as  to  the  part  electricity  is  playing 
in  solving  stage  problems.  . 

The  scope  of  my  new  work  has  grown  consider-^ 

of  ^my**  subjects  who"figure  conspicuously  in  the 

^tlJnTo  ^o^^^^^all^ennou^93 

cause  of  your  kind  contribution  this  of  "ourse 
would  be  helpful.  But  do  not  hesitate  to  pass  this 
up, if  you  are  not  impressed  with  the  idea. 

P  You  have  been  so  good  to  me  in  *;ho  past  that 
T  have  not  hesitated  to  tell  you  of  “  e 

condition  herein  described.  X  may  add  that  my  ne 
book  will  provide  at  least  a  score  of  magazine  ar 
tides, especially  the  phonograph  phase, which  has 

X  ought  to  tell  you  that  your  confreres  in  this 
field  have  sent  me  records  from  Caruso  to  ragtime  , 
and  this  has  inspired  me, though  it  is  *n_ 

congruent  to  be  without  a  few  Edison  * 

Can  you  suggest  some  place  where  I  could  go  some  aay 
and  hear  some  of  the  representative  '.dison  records 
T  hope  you  will  excuse  the 
length  of  this  letter, for  probably  I  ah?uld  ^  ad" 
dressed  some  one  other  than  yourself, but  I  am  hoping 
that  you  approve  sufficiently  of  the  work  I  am  doing 
to  bear  with  me  in  ray  effort  to  make  The  .vtage  in  the 
20th  Century  a  work  worth  while. 

Yours  very  sincerely, 


Hay  Slat,  1911 

Hr.  Horry  Miller, 

Edison  nati oratory 

ll  I^menti one d° this  natter  to  you  perhaps  you  hove 
already  tahen  it  up. 

tj:  V)  1IIPPCHIS0IT. 



I,lr.  H.  F.  Miller:  Uay  6’  1911, 

Referring  to  your  inquiry  as  to  price  we  are 
paying  for  preBs  clipping  service,  would  say  that  we  pay 
2*5  per  clipping  to  the  Rational  Press  Intelligence  Co.  for 
unlimited  service  and  unlimited  territory  on  phonographs. 
We  pay  the  Manhattan  Press  Clipping  Bureau,  334  Fifth 
Ave.,  Row  York,  3  *5  per  clipping  for  the  same  hind  of 
service  on  moving  pictures,  so  that  tho  rate  you  pay 
of  3  l/ 3  *5  would  appear  to  he  high. 


Newspaper  Clipping  Bureau. 

11  Bast  24th  Street. 

3Cew\ork.,  July  21,  i9ii. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

'%  -4  - II 


Following  out  our  oonvoraation  of  yesterday,  have  endeav¬ 
ored  to  get  an  average  of  the  number  of  clippings  sent  monthly  so  that 
we  might  quote  a  flat  monthly  rate.  We  should  he  pleased  to  serve  you 
on  the  monthly  basis  at  the  rate  of  $6.00  per  month  oovering  all  per¬ 
sonal  mention  of  Thomas  A.  Bdisoa  and  his  Inventions  or  at  the  pleoe 
prioe  basis  of  per  dipping.  As  I  explained,  the  pieoe  prioe  basis 
gives  the  oonoern  a  great  deal  better  servioe,  every  clipping  being 
looked  over,  whereas  the  monthly  rate  is  the  way  we  serve  trade  papers, 
less  oare  being  taken  on  account  of  the  cheaper  rate. 

On  the  monthly  basis  of  $6.00  per  month  we  would  guarantee 
a  minimum  of  860  clippings  taking  the  average  by  the  year,  if  they 
run  lose  than  this  we  should  be  pleased  to  make  a  suitable  rebate. 

Thanking  you  for  past  favors,  we  beg  do  remain. 

Very  truly  yours, 




The  Stage  in  the  Twentieth  Century 

■■  SS3  ” 

1  Xp  'Mount  Vernon,  N.  Y., - 

C  cyC^o 

2-^ — *7 

-J,  ^ 





v*  Z  * 
S <h 

tv*'  r. 

Sfcgtgteti u*  (Eflmapflttitettte*  Aistfimatunt 


or  :tni  a 


ffcfc —  Ejtfs*'*  s*  ivauffo  K  ^  j 

Br-  ,hoo“  *•  *““•  „/ar(-«.MpS  c^cuv/  . 

Bear  Sir:-  ^  C/‘v'“  ‘  I  j  % 

„,  ,.,..^£feSF£#-S^- 
::  — adSjKSs»as«er 

««» « -  ^  ‘■"“••Ji81; *  >*hfP£h“i!i°^xrcytU- 


ing  uhysician.  (  /  > 

« .. pH? »«. 

country  afterwards4*!  constructed  Perfect  math- 

.  ematical  lenses  for  optical  pJposes-Photograp^^ronoj, etc^,  rhich 
if  properly  patented  and  protected  could  bring  miTlionSr  fn-  r efttrn 
good  management,  and  I  think  you  are  the  proper  gentleman  for  that 
purpose.  I  am  authorized  to  negociate  with  a  responsible  party  on  a  reason¬ 
able  division  of  the  profits,  which  you  certainly  will  not  deny,  if  the 
thing  seems  to  you  practical  and  having  certainly  a  proof  on  hand,  vhich 
justifies  all  expectations.  My  brother  came  by  acci4ence  to  the 

discovery,'  having  a  talk  with  a  progressive  photographer,  who  claimed  that 
the  photography  was  not  yet  up  to  date,  not  giving  the  exact  result  as  a 
portrait  made  by  an  artist  or  a  drawer  dons.  Hy  b^hcr  proposed  to  construct 
a  3ipKie  lense,  but  he  said  this  was  an  impossibility,  because  there  are 
four  collecting  lenses  necessary.  How  X.  myself,  do  not  understand  much 
about  the  subject,  being  only  a  journa^but  X  have  great  faith  in  my 
brother  as  a  mathematician,  who  showedvas  a  young  man  a  great  talent  for 
this  knowledge  which  was  proved  when  he  passed  the  maturity  examination 
and  got  a  prise  of  50  Thaler,  a  great  sum  at  that  time,  from  the  city  of 
Graudens  in  Prussia.  Later  he  studied  mathematics  at  Zoenigsberg  for  two 
semesters  but  had  to  give  up  and  select  a  breadstudium  and  that  was  at 
that  time  the  studium  of  medicine,  but  he  always  stuck  to  his  first  love- 
I  also  enclose  a  copy  of  the  rules  for  his  plan  and  ask  you  to 
give  the  matter  your  full  consideration  and  let  me  know,  what  you  think 
of  it. 

Very  respectfully  yours, 

87  Sumpter  Street, 

Brooklyn, H.  V. 

f.l  <jf  ‘7*. 

Hovember  3rd,  1911. 



Dear  Mr.  Edisont- 

M»re  are  two  reasons  why  I  am  writing  Jon  this  latter. 
First  -  you  are  an  American  and  a  good  Hoyorofter. 
Second  -  we  have  Just  published  -An  American  Bible." 

^  •  jsxt  s 

^ttXm^thl^hl  Power° that6 car e s  for  us  hare  will  never 
desert  us  there. 

There  are  a  few  of  our  subscribers  whom  I  am  anxious 
t0  have  see  a  «,py  of  this  «-t  edition^^dison,  and  you  are 
them.  May  I  send  you  a  copy  in  Oxford  binding? 

Please  write  me  personally. 

With  love  and  blessings  over. 

Your  sincere,.  _  .  J 

The  I^ycrorteMi  EeJt  Aurortt,NY 

Tke  Irtv.Tvvo  DoHot* 

TKe  Pfcdbti- ne.Qh*  Oolite 

tnrv^  S 


3tn  Itnmran  BiWf 

Many  able  men  believe  that  this  American 
Bible  is  the  most  important  book  ever 
printed  in  America.  In  order  to  secure  an  instant 
circulation  of  the  first  hundred  thousand  copies  . 
which  we  have  printed,  it  will  be  given  away 
absolutely  free  to  every  new  subscriber  to  The 
Fra  Magazine,  and  to  all  old  subscribers  who 
now  renew. 

If  you  are  already  . a  subscriber  to  The  Fra, 
we  will  extend  your  subscription  for  one. 
year,  or  you  can  have  the  Magazine  sent  to 
some  one  else,  and  the.  Bible  to  yourself,  if 
'  you.  so  desire.  1 

The  Fra  Magazine  is  an  exponent  of  The 
American  Philosophy ;  it  is  the  journal  of  the 
thinkers,  the  doers,  the  creators.  The  Fra  stands 
for  the  divinity  of  business— for  health,  happi¬ 
ness,  reciprocity,  mutuality  and  co-operation.  It 
believes  in  the  hands  that  work,  the  brains  that 
fhinlf  and  the  hearts  that  love. 
grr  The  Fra  and  a  copy  of  An  American  Bible, 
^J,four  hundred  pages,  both  for  Two  Dollars. 

Oxford  Binding— Certainly  1 

Bwroftm,  lEaut  Bnwra, 


East  Aurora,  New  York 

You  may.  send  me  for  my  inspection, 
express  prepaid,  a  copy  of'  An  American  Bible, 
also  a  sample  copy  of  The  Fra  Magazine. 

'  If  I  am  pleased  with  these  when  received, 
I  will,  at  my  convenience,  remit  Two  Dollars 
in  payment  for  a  new  or  renewal  Fra  sub¬ 
scription  for  one  year  for  myself  or  friend,  and 
retain  the  copy  of  An  American  Bible,  gratis. 


/z /&/// 


tZ&JurZcj  -  IS  *'''"" 

^  Aw4  ^4  ^e^-U? 

<^i/~^-l_  cP'Z'*"-  <=-^ 

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a 0^.  mr/ /f// 

Chicopee  Falls,  Mass. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Mis  on. 

I  am  sending  you  one  of  my  BookB,  entitled  "The 
High  Cost  of  living". Would  like  to  have  you  read  it, and  let  me 
know  what  you  think  of  i$. 

Should  it  strike  you  favorably, and  you  oould  conscientious¬ 
ly  say  or  do  any  thing  in  its  favor, I  would  appreciate  it  very 

I  am  sorry  to  say  the  Publishers  dia  not  do  a  very  good  job. 
The  next  lot  will  bo  Publiohoa  in  o  more  thorough  oouuor. 

Very  truly  yours, 

H.M. Hartwell, 

f  U-r*.  'flCw-~r£/ 

ohUr  c *•£ 

.1  ....  A  : 

juc  ~ 

hjLAv-'<  ***  ^ tj"" 

I  <U  — -t  \tz  'VW“*A“ 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Business  Propositions  [not  selected]  (E-11-26) 

This  folder  contains  unsolicited  correspondence  asking  for  Edison's 
support  or  endorsement  of  a  business  venture,  invention,  or  idea. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Cement  (E-11-27) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  business  of  the  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co.  and  to  the  manufacture  and 
sale  of  cement.  The  correspondents  include  Edison,  Walter  S.  Mallory, 
president  of  the  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co.;  and  Emanuel  Meyer,  manager 
of  sales.  There  are  numerous  letters  regarding  Edison's  widely  published 
plans  to  manufacture  concrete  furniture,  a  sample  of  which  has  been 
selected.  A  letter  by  C.  B.  Knott,  manager  of  the  Dakota  Apartments  in  New 
York  City,  contains  reminiscences  about  Edison's  winter  holidays  at  the 
Magnolia  Springs  Hotel  in  Florida. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
items  not  selected  include  additional  semimonthly  dealers'  records;  financial 
statements  and  calculations  that  duplicate  the  information  in  selected  items; 
and  unsolicited  correspondence. 



March  8th  11. 

m  .*•* 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Co . , 

W.  E.  Horne,  Esq.,  Sec., 

Stewartsvllle,  Hew  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir : - 

Replying  to  yours  of  the  6th  instant 
I  enclose  list  of  notes  consolidated  in 
February  which  omitted  note  of  February  24th 
for  $1,828.25.  After  you  are  through  with  the 
list  please  return,  aB  it  is  part  of  our  records. 

YourB  very  truly. 

Riohard  W.  Long. , 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 


Dear  Sir:- 

By  this  mall,  under  separate  oover,  I  send  you: sample 
of  iron  Oxide.  This  produot  contains  64.48?,  Iron  Oxide.  Could 
you  use  this  product  in  connection  with  any.  of  your  many  indus¬ 
tries,  and  if  sc,  can  you  set  a  value  on  it  at  whicjj  you  could 
use  it.  Possibly  there  is  One  hundred  thousand  tons- of  it. 

It  has  ocoured  to  writer  that  possibly,  you  might  use  it 
in  connection  with  your  cement,  to  give  same  a, tile  coloring. 
Awaiting  your  hind  reply,  I  am 

I  very  truly  yours 

*/'V  ^ 

Mar  oh  24th,  1011 

West  Orange.  H.J. 

he  ^f^oYAL  American  'Portland 

CAPITAL,  $3,500,000.00  i. ««Z»  “  < 

\JUPiJta  “  ■ 



Rapid  City,  South  Dakota,  Apx*il  3d  01811.  ■ 



talc*  pl*asur*  On  nailing  y*u  t*  day  *n*  j 

•f  th  Pr**p*Otua*a  *f  THE  ROYAL  AMERICAN  PORTLAND  CEMENT  COMPANY  OP  j  J  T| 
RAPID  CITY  S  D  OP  Nioh  I  an  th*  S*or*tary  and  Tr*a*u*r  .  \  ^  ^ 

ff*  haw*  th*  gr*at*»b  Cenant  Pr*pi*it*n  that  y*u  *<rer  *aw  and  It  ^  \ 

1*  n*w  juat  a  qu**ti*n  *f  ratting  it  Pinanoad  and  th*  plant  huilt,  \J  ^ 
MR  Edi..n  aan  y*u  put  n*  in  touoh  with  *o»«  on*  that  wa  can  intwr*^  _ 
with  Capital  *r  that  *an  int*r*at  Capital  . 

I  an  o*rtain  that  y*u.  will  h*  pl*aa*d  with  thi*  . 

I  haw*  nad*  allu*i*n  t*  y*ur  C*»*nt  iiausas  in  our  Boak. 

„  .  «...  «,  ■»PW  *<•  »"•  B“‘  *“  “t,~1  “* 

1.  > 

ua  a«n*  Inf*mati*a  that  will  h*lp  ua  , 



i.  Obis' 

Icoa*  WavT  <*■  > 

3  -t*' 

[H.  YeUKtJ  Vtni  »™u.. 


C.  C.  Cralbtree 

Tkae  ILand  and  ILonm  Man 








DEAR  SIRS:- Wishing  to  avail  myself  of  your  offer  of  one  share  of  Com¬ 
mon  Stock  FREE  with  every  two  shares  of  7  per  cent  Cumulative  Preferred,  I 

hereby  subscribe  and  agree  to  pay  for - Shares  of  Preferred 

Stock  of  your  Company,  with  the  Common  free  par  value  of  shares  $100.00 
each.  Enclosed  find  draft  or  money  order,  or  the  request  that  the  shares  be  sent 
to  your  bank  with  draft  attached. 

r  :  * 


Address  - - - - 


State _ Street - 

Riohard  W,  Long. , 

50  Chur oh  Street 
Hew  York. 

Apl  Sth. ,  1911 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Y/est  Orange.  N.J. 


Dear  Sir:- 

On  the  34th  ulto  X  addressed  you  regarding  Oxide  cST.  Iron 
and  under  seperate  cover,  on  same  date,  mailed  you  sample  of  Ihe 
product ,  hut  have  not  had  the  pleasure  of  hearing  from  you  in  reply. 

Would  very  muoh  like  to  know  whether  you  oan  use  this 
product  in  any  manner,  and  if  you  oan,  what  value  it  might  have  for 

Hoping  to  he  favored  with  your  ear ly  reply,  X  am 
Very  truly  yours 

.  Richard  V.’.  Lone. , 


Apl  21st ,  1011. 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. , 

West  Orange.  N.J. 

Dear  Slr:- 

On  the  24th  ulto  I  wrote  you  regarding  Iron  Oxide,  and 
by  same  mail  sent  you  samples  of  the  product;  On  the  6th  inst  I  ^ain 
addressed  you  on  the  subject,  hut  have  received  reply.  It  does  seem  to 
me  that  if  my  communications  had  reached  you  I  should  have  received 
the  courtesy  of  a  reply,  I  beg  therefore  to  repeat  the  substance  of 
mine  of  24th  ulto. , 

Have  you  any  use  for  Iron  Oxide  (64.48'/,)  in  its  natural 
condition  ?.,  Could  you  use  the  same  for  a  coloring  effect  in  connec¬ 
tion  with  your  Cement,  or  in  any  of  your  other  industries  ?.  If  you 
are  interested  shall  be  pleased  to  submit  you  further  samples,  and  to 
have  you  mahe  a  bid  on  the  product. 

Awaiting  your  reply,  for  which  I  UhaiiK  you  in  advance 

For  Ur.  Edison' a  desk. 

W.  S.  U. 


AUGUST  15,  1911. 

Active  Dealers 
"A"  "B" 

Alabama,  . . 


Canada ,  . 

Disct.  of  Columbia, 

Delaware,  . . 

Florida,  . . 

Georgia,  . 

Indiana,  . 

Kentucky,  . 

Louisiana,  . 

Massachusetts,  . . . . 

Maryland,  . . . . 

Maine ,  . . . 

Hiohigan,  . 

New  Hampshire,  .... 

Hew  Jersey,  . 

New  York,  . 

North  Carolina,  . . . 

Ohio,  . 

Pennsylvania,  . 

Rhode  Island,  ..... 
South  Carolina,  . . . 

Tennessee,  . 

Texas,  . . 

Vermont,  . . 

Virginia,  . . 

WeBt  Virginia,  .... 
Wisconsin,  . . . 

Total  No.  of  aotive  dealers  8/l5/ll  -  850 

Total  No.  inactive  dealers 


August  18,  1911. 

semi-monthly  dealers  record. 

Old  Dealers  Hew  Dealers 
Re-instated  Secured^ 

Total  "A"  "B"  "A" _ 

2Q 19ii 

Total  Total 

11  a"  "b" 

Alabama,  . 

Connecticut,  . 

Canada,  . .  •  *  • 

Disct.  of  Columbia, 
Delaware,  ...•••••• 

Florida,  . . 

Georgia,  . 

Indiana,  . 

Kentuoky ,  . 

Illinois,  . 

Louisiana,  . . 

Massachusetts,  .... 

Maryland,  . 

Maine,  . . 

Michigan,  . . 

New  Hampshire,  .... 

New  Jersey,  . 

New  York,  . 

North  Carolina,  ... 

Ohio,  . 

Pennsylvania,  ..... 

Rhode  Island,  . 

South  Carolina,  . . . 

Tennessee,  ,. . 

Texas,  . . 

Vermont . 

Virginia,  . 

West  Virginia,  .... 
Wisconsin,  . 


































































































































_ 0 





























_ 1 


l’otal  8/l5/ll| 



Old  Dealers  New  Dealers 
Re-Instated  Secured  Total 

Total  "A"  "B"  "A"  "B  A  _ 

Alabama,  . 

Disct.  of  Columbia, 

Delaware ,  . 

Florida,  . 

Georgia,  . . 

Indiana,  . . 

ICentusky,  . 

Illinois,  . 

Massachusetts,  ... 

Maryland,  . 

Maine,  . . 

Michigan,  . 

New  Hampshire,  ... 
New  Jersey,  ...... 

New  York,  . 

North  Carolina,  . . 

Ohio,  . 

Pennsylvania,  .... 
Rhode  Island,  .... 
South  Carolina,  . . 

Tennessee,  . 

Vermont ,  . 

Virginia,  . 

West  Virginia,  ... 
Wisconsin,  . 























































Total  9/15/11,  ....  891 

"Old  Dealers  Re-instated"  comrpises  such  old  dealers  we  have 
shipped  to  during  the  month  as  had  previously  been  eliminated 
from  our  list  as  being  inactive. 

OCTOBER  15,  1911. 


Old  Dealers  New  Dealers 
Re-instated  Secured 

"a"  »n"  "a"  "B" 

Alabama,  . . . 

Disct.  of  Columbia, 

Delaware ,  . 

Florida,  . 

Georgia,  . 

Indiana,  . ■ 

Kentucky,  . 

Illinois,  . 

Massachusetts,  ... 

Maryland,  . 

Maine,  . 

Michigan,  . 

Hew  Hampshire,  ... 

New  Jersey,  . 

Hew  York,  . 

North  Carolina,  . . 

Ohio,  . 

Pennsylvania,  . . . . 
Rhode  Island,  ■ . . . 
South  Carolina,  . . 

Tennessee,  . 

Vermont,  . 

Virginia,  . 

West  Virginia,  . . . 
Wisconsin,  . 











.  18 
,  48 
.  13 

.  11 
.  5 

. _ 1 














































































































Total  10/ 15/11,  ....910 

or  \>o 











































"Old  Dealers  Re-instated"  comprises  suoh  old  dealers  we  have 
shipped  to  during  the  month  as  had  previously  been  eliminated 
from  our  list  as  being  inactive. 

Hr.  E.  Meyer, 

Mgr.  of  Sales, 

llew  York,  If.  Y. 

Dear  31  r:- 

In  connection  with  the  letter  which  I 
have  written  relative  to  the  Bradley  natter,  I  want  to 
state  that  I  commence  to  see  indications  of  a  change  in 
the  condition  of  general  business,  which  has  been  growing 
poorer  and  poorer,  as  you  know,  for  a  considerable  time, 
and  while  I  am  not  as  yet  ready  to  go  on  record  as  to  the 
business  conditions  of  1912,  I  an  commencing  to  believe 
that  the  total  volume  of  1912  business  will  be  quite  a  little 
bit  better  than  that  of  1911. 

If  the  indications  which  I  now  see  con¬ 
tinue  up  until  January,  I  will  then  be  willing  to  go  on  • 
record  as  strongly  as  I  did  lost  year  as  to  a  change  in 
conditions.  Please  note  that  I  am  writing  about  general 
business  conditions  and  not  specifically  about  conditions 
in  the  cement  industry,  os  it  is  a  question  whether  some 
of  the  cement  manufacturers  would  hove  sense  enough  to 
take  advantage  of  the  better  conditions.  You  will  remember 
that  we  had  them  in  1909,  but  Mr.  J.  Rogers  Maxwell  would 


not  let  ue  take  advantage  of  them. 

In  making  this  preliminary  prediction, 

I  do  it  with  the  full  knowledge  that  next  year  iB  a  Pres¬ 
idential  year,  alao  in  the  knowledge  that  Presidential 
years  do  not  necessarily  mean  a  slowing  up  in  business, 
and  the  only  reason  that  makes  me  hesitate  at  the  present 
time  in  being  more  sure  of  the  conditions  next  year  is 
the  possibility  of  tariff  agitation.  I  will  not  go  into 
details  in  this  letter  as  to  the  reasons  for  my  assertion, 
but  if  you  are  at  all  interested  I  will  be  glad  to  give 
them  to  you  some  time  when  I  am  in  New  York. 

You  will  remember  that  the  latter  part 
of  1910,  and  particularly  the  early  part  of  1911,  when  I 
I  was  predicting  a  poorer  condition  of  business,  that  I 
practically  stood  alone,  and  it  did  look  in  January  and 
February  of  this  year  as  if  ray  calculations  were  at  fault, 
however,  while  I  could  not  understand  the  spurt  in  business 
it  did  not  change  my  opinion  of  1911  business,  which  you 
know  proved  to  be  correot,  and  my  preliminary  calculation 
now  is  baBed'.upon  the  same  statistics  and  reasoning  bb  it 
was  last  year,  and  haB  been  for  the  past  eight  or  ten  years. 

Yours  very  truly, 

President . 

Lowei.i.  H.  Brown 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

West  Orange, 

Mew  Jersey. 

Dear  Mr.  Edi3on:- 

It  has  been  about  ten  days  since  I  spoke  to  you  about  the 
maps  of  your  magnetic  survey  of  New  Jersey,  and  I  am  writing  t. 
ask  if  they  are  ready  for  us  to^look  over  as  vou  so  kindly  i 
)  do  when  I 

LO  uvJ  _ _ _ _ _ you  so  kindly  per- 

you  in  your  laboratory  on  Monday , 

The  Board  of  Directors  of  the  Company  meet  here  on  Mday 
discuss  plan,  for  ™T  Kj 

at  Oxford  for  the  treat- 
of  your  concrete 
furnace  will  be  ad- 

to  dii - - - 

vou  will  see  fit  to  arrange  with  la¬ 
ment  of  our  slag  to  use  in  the  manufacture  of  your  c 
furniture.  I  believe  the  location  of  our  furnace  v 
vantageous  for  you,  and  you  may  be  assured  we  will  do  all  t-  --- 
to  assist  you  in  any  experiments  you  care  to  make  on  this  si  g. 

As  soon  as  we  have  decided  about  the  time  of  blowing  in  the  furnac 
I  will  let  you  know. 

convenient  for  you  to  let  us  come  to  your  1— - — -  « 

as  will  Is  some  Sunday?  Mr.  Peckitt,  Mr.  Nason  and  myself  desire 
to  thank  you  very  much  for  this  opportunity. 

yours  very  truly 



The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

nn.n  o!  Board  Telejraph,  Freight  and  Paucnjar  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J.  riiinaDnirina.  PA., 

L,  Trcaa  P.  O.  ADDRESS.  STEWARTSVILLE.  N.J.  s“Ta°»a"A“a., 

Mov  24th,  1911. 

Mr.  H.  S.  Miller, 

De^x  Sir:-  -"// 

'.Ye  have  your  favor  of  the  23rd 
instant  in  reference  to  statement  of  adjusting  notes 
held  hy  Mr.  Edison.  We  arc  enclosing  herewith  state¬ 
ment  showing  how  we  arrive  at  our  unearned  interest 
charges.  Ycu  will  note  that  in  cases  where  the  notes 
are  written  with  interest  included  in  the  face  of  same , 
for  instance  those  of  July  11th,  August  14th.  September 
15th  and  October  14th,  we  have  allowed  earned  interost 
on  the  amount  of  the  note  not  including  the  interest  up 
to  ltovember  first  and  this  we  have  deducted  from  the  in¬ 

terest  which  we  had  allowed  and  added  to  the  note  at  the 
time  the  note  was  written,  the  balance  being  the  unearned 

We  appreciate  the  fact  that  on  suob 
large  amounts  it  will  malce  some  difference  in  the  interest 
item  if  calculated  on  the  exact  number  of  days  or  for  month 
ly  periods,  and  in  view  of  the  foot  that  the  interest  added 
to  the  note  was  calculated  in  round  months  we  considered  it 
to  be  more  equitable  to  determine  the  unearned  interest  by 

Hr.  H.  2.  Miller.  #2. 

method  above  outlined.  On  the  notes  written  with 
interest  at  6#  per  annum  namely;  March  25th  and  Sep¬ 
tember  20th,  we  calculated  interest  on  the  months  and 
days  as  shown  on  the  statement. 

We  trust  that  on  rechecking  this 
you  will  find  it  to  bo  correct  and  that  our  method  of 
making  the  interest  adjustment  will  meet  with  your  approv¬ 


V/e  are  returning  the  original  state¬ 

ment  herewith; 

Yours  truly. 


Stcwartsville,  N.  J., 



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in  full  of  the  above  account. 

f . 

This  Receipt  Must  NOT  be  cut  off  from  the  body  of  the  Voucher. 



JJcW^OTk.  Citjr. 


Thomas  A.  EdiBon,  Esq., 

%^A<  W-  i  Vfis*'  ^  ^  r^,: 

Dear  Sir; -  C&&-'  * 

V.'hen  I 

Hotel  years  ago  and  y°U(J|e3^^^^!l^ 
to  run  pretty  fill,  and^ere  were^gi 
wanted  which  could  not 


s(  spending^- the_  winters  there,^  t:^e^houp 


H^e  hou^jp  used 

d^h (^wereta^P od'many ^qoxn er  rooms  up  one  flight" 
'TS^c^ucedi^T, /firelume^ th^t ' you1  refSrll^the  pict¬ 
ure  you  drew  of  a  P^oteLotg^U^^  -If  a 
this  want  could  he  met.  ^^T^ucl}  as  an  introductior^^^.  ' 

\?e  see  a  lot  in  the  pipers  the  onfjTTn^is  of  which  is 
the  very  fertile  imagination  of  reporters.  But  the  flowing  might  he  of 
interest  in  concrete  work  even  if  there  is  no  truth  VfT  the"  concrete 
furniture"  item.  Prof.  Carpenter  of  Cornell  made  pure  white  and  ahsolut* 
ly  hydraulic  Portland  Cement  from  the  lime  rock  I  sent  him  when  I  was 
General  Manager  of  The  Florida  East  Coast  Hotel  Co’s..  Hotels.  This  rock 
is  every  where  about  Miami  and  is  98.6  pure  carbonate  of  lime.  Vie  looked 
all  over  that  section  of  Florida  for  the  proper  clay,  silica  and  fuel, 
but  found  neither.  Now  that  Miami  harbor  id  open,  coal  barges  and  coal 
schooners  returning  from  Southern  and  Island  ports  could  bring  Miami 
rock  to  Jersey  cement  works,  and  I  should  think  that  the  white  cemert 
could  be  produced  therefrom  a  very  little  over  the  cost  of  the  present 


«  2  ".  A.  E.  12-12-11. 

dark  product.  *here  is  certainly  a  great  need  for  a  pure  white  Port¬ 
land  cement.  I  give  you  this  just  as  a  matter  of  information  and  as 

a  good  thing  to  know  even  if  of  no  use  to  you.  I  now  have  no  interest  in 
Florida.  With  regards  and  test  wishes  I.  am 

Yours  very  truly  .  ^ - — - - **' 


I  am  enclosing  under  separate  cover  a  recent  .copy  of  the 
Ohio  Architect,  Engineer  and  Builder  containing  an  abstract  of  your 
New  York  Times  interview  on  European  architecture  whioh  has  attracted 

attention  here. 

1  have  -before  me  a  copy  of  the  New  York  Evening  World  of 

recent  date,  declaring  your  faith  in  the  future  of  concrete  furniture 
It  strikes  me  that  this  subject  is  also  interesting  to  the 

home  builder, 

I  would  like  to  ask  therefore,  whether  it  would  be  convenient 
to. you  to  have  my  brother,  Mr.  B.  A.  Lloyd  of  New  1 
artistic  furniture  designer  run  over  to  see  you  anc 
on  the  possibilities  of  the  "Concrete  bed  room  £et; 

If  you  can: kindly  communicate  to  him  at  428  State  Street ,  Flushing, 
conoeming  your  desires  in  this  matter,  I  .will  regard  it  as  a  personal. 



Very  truly  yours, 


Ca^J'  >q/f 







sMarUcnut  %,'  (/■ 


0fyu/ctde/'/i/det,  Dec.  15,  1911.  '/!Wp 

Ux.  \jf2"'v'  (5 

0 <4. Ce~ " "c" 

.  <, 

a  c  *  r —  . 

•”-J-  O  /  -  ,>c,„  ^—*7 

■  ■  '< 

a  papers. 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Co  . 

West  Orange,  N.J.  s'  \  / 

Gent  lemon:-  4-  t’’1|Af' 

Having  seen  the  onclosedln  one  of  our  'Philadelphia 
and  being  large  users  of  furniture,  the  writer  would  like  to  ^now  If  It 
would  be  possible  to  see  your  new  product  and  get  an  Idea  as  to  the  styles, 
qualities,  etc.  We  are  always  looking  for  something  new,  and  If  It  would 
be  agreeable  our  buyer  would  like  to  go  over  to  your  factory,  and  take  th  e 
matter  up  with  you., 

Very'  truly  yours. 



HI  LA  p  E  L^HIA,  -SAT 




$200  Worth  Will  Furnish  a 
House, ’and  the  Goods  j 

Wear  Well  i, 

‘  $6  FOR  A  BEDROOM  SET  1 

i  Home  Moving-Picture  Outfit  Will  c 
’I  Soon  Be  on  the  :  v 


Dec.  18th,  1911. 

Mr.  W.  Eckert:-  ' 

Please  issue  requisition  to  the  laboratory,  cover¬ 
ing  labor  and  materiel  to  design  equipment  neoessary  for  the 
manufacture  of  the  new  cement  oabinet.  This  requisition 
should  also  oover  the  superintendence  of  installation  of  the 
outfit,  as  Mr.  Edison  has  detailed  a  man  from  the  laboratory 
to  lay  out  and  take  charge  of  this  work. 

IbJfj  /  VI. 

ru ) 


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^A-—  ^  «« 

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^4*^  ^*^__ 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Cement  House  (E-11-28) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  widely  publicized 
development  of  Edison's  poured  concrete  house  and  its  patents I  as  a  low- 
cost  dwelling  for  workers.  Most  of  the  material  consists  of  unsolicited  requests 
for  plans  a9nd  descriptions  of  the  projected  house  and  for  ,nforrnat,on 
regarding  its  expected  date  of  availability.  There  are  also  letters  seeking 
opportunity  to  exhibit  Edison's  model  of  the  house,  which  had  been  displayed 
atPMadison  Square  Garden  in  1910.  Many  of  the  items  contain  Edison 
marginalia,  usually  indicating  that  a  prepared  circular  should  be  sent  in 
response.  A  few  documents  concern  the  independent  promo t'on  °f  P°ur 
concrete  houses  in  Europe  by  George  E.  Small  and  Henry  J.  Harms  Jr 
mechanical  engineers  and  former  Edison  employees  who  had  assis ted  i n  the 
design  of  iron  molds  and  machinery  for  his  concrete  house  construction. 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  With  the 
exception  of  a  few  samples,  unsolicited  inquiries  have  not  been  selected. 

Y&^'%  — *7 

7*6.  o' 

■Y^y^  o^c/^o&u^-o  ^j^/y'-s 

*  &*r  JL^ .jr*-of«~^' 

U+Lt£ /£<L-  a&-z.t^s ^**-1-  CL.  Jf-i&^L.yl-L^'yy&J'J  <*£*-&.  Y 

s™^>-  -4^0,4!  ^^e^c^'OA-a^t^Le^  ^s.  vf 

<£&* Y&b  'j'yy^uej,  a^  /^n.  "^o^i^e-v-^  u/xL&£ 

sL{r-cc.*L^_. /4o *-&<siL4Z€?£^yi£y 

(2. <*.-^£4^<y4yy<£*c,  ac^z^^-aAen^? 

xt«S-«,  — ^  ^  J- 


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<!&*  _yz,yyy^  yi'^. 

/>  f.  e>. 



p.  e:.  lane: 



,0  perfect  *  cj*p 

-  j2_ZEC32e  <L*-+0&*  dCJT 

ic  anlrt 

ng  you  photographs,  front 

frorvt^'d  rear  ei  orations  of  -  pourea  toili;  y? 
I?,  jfeitr^ysf  coVl’I'ins  9 re  poured  concrete. 

hiridVVa  habits 

7/it h out  any  thour' 

your  inspection  and  r-.ny  senrici 
you  to  perfecting  moulds  snd  p: 


we*.  X  v, -rattled  rith 

experience  and  that  gained  in  construct 
r  the  Minion  Dollar*  Pier,  is  at  your  ■> 
Mrs.  L’ne  «nd  I  would  he  pleased  and  he 
o  this  house  where  it  is  possible  your  r 

Lcult  problem  you  har 

(jjjrtttafrtatt  tytmtnl  tytmtveie  %k&& *vjp 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  Sew  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 

<//,  ' 

We  have  your  favor  of  January  4th  signed  by  Mr.  F.  H. 
Miller,  explaining  that  the  model  exhibited  at  the  Mew  York  Show 
will  not  stand  shipment  to  Toronto.  We  would,  however,  repeat 
our  request  as  far  as  the  slabs  and  sample  forms,  which  formed 
part  of  the  exhibit,  are  concerned.  These  attracted  universal 
attention  and  would  in  themselves  make  up  quite  an  exhibit.  If 
we  could  arrange  with  you  to  have  several  photographs  taken  of 
the  model,  and  even  if  possible  of  the  partially  completed  house 
in  the  yards  of  your  laboratory,  we  believe  they  could  almost 
be  considered  as  satisfactory  as  if  you  could  let  us  have  the 
model  itself. 

We  desire  to  put  you  to  as  little  inconvenience  as  poss 
ible  in  this  matter,  but  as  we  explained  before  we  consider  such 
an  exhibit  would  materially  enhance  the  value  of  the  Show  to 

everyone  concerned. 

Yours  very  truly. 





CjUtuuMmt  tytmttxi  mtllt  tymuncie  ^tuggat&Aiicxt 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  , 

New  Jersey. 

Bear  Sir:-  (T  S 

The  writer  attended  the  New  York  Cement  Show'in  the  in-\  < 
terests  of  the  Canadian  Cement  &  Concrete  Association,  and  was 
particularly  impressed  with  the  universal  interest  taken  in  the  . 
model  of  your  cast  concrete  house.  There  is  no  doubt  that  it  V 

-  -  -  -L.  x-  - a — «-r  mi.  Association  to  have  this 

of  course  we  would  not 

_ _ _  There 

would  be  great!**  to  the  advantage  of  our  Associate 
exhibit  at  our  Show  in  Toronto,  in  March;  of  cours^ 
expect  to  put  you  to  any  expense  in  the  matter,  but  if  you  could 

allow  the  exhibit,  "  - +n  110  loaned  to  us.  we 

should  see  that  it 

i  it  was  in  New  York,  to  be  loaned  to  1 
i  returned  to  you  in  perfect  conditioi 

Our  Association  is  entirely  professional  in  the  nature 
and  scope  of  its  work,  and  at  the  forthcoming  convention  prom- 
inent  representatives  of  Cement  and  Concrete  Engineering,  Man¬ 
ufacturing  and  Construction  from  various  ports  of  Canada  will 
discuss  the  phases  of  the  industry.  Our  Cement  Shows  in  the 
past  have  been  remarkably  successful,  except  from  a  financial 
standpoint,  and  the  fact  that  there  has  always  been  a  deficit 
is  satisfactory  proof  that  they  have  not  been  run  as  money 
making  ventures.  We  are  enclosing  with  this  a  copy  of  our 
forms^of  application  for  space,  but  send  this  only  lor  the  sake 
of  the  floor  plan  of  the  St.  Lawrence  Arena  which  it  contains, 
«»4*$he  Show  will  be  held  from  March  6th  to  11th  and  will  follow 
closely  on  the  Cement  Show  in  Chicago,  but  will  not  interfere 
with  it,  in  fact  we  believe  a  number  of  concerns  will  ship  their 
exhibits  directly  from  Chicago  to  Toronto.  It  is  the  opinion  of 
the  writer  that  the  granting  of  this  request  will  be  of  material 
assistance  both  to  the  Canadian  Cement  &  Concrete  Association 
and  to  this  Cement  Show. 

We  sincerely  trust  you  will  Bet 
accede  to  it. 

Yours  very  truly. 

i  your  way  clear  to 



Remember  that  there  is  a  special  ring  in 

Hades  (not  mentioned  hy  Dante)  for  the  man  that  lets 
an  ugly  building  he  constructed  when  it  night  he 


How  throw  your  brickbat  at  me! 

Yours,  with  old-time  admiration, 
SirKierely , 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  'Edison, 

I  was  very  much  interested  in  ewBu-u.*  - - 

concrete  hone,  end  T.fd.u.  -ould.  «  the  Reel  *«.  end  Ideal  Ho... 
Hxpooltlon  .t  tie  Ml.o  Sqwur.  Olden  In  He.  Y.rx  «.y  !*«.  •»* 
.hloh  I  decor  lied  to  the  Director,  of  title  HnoHnng.  e.  It.  •»«  1»- 

teresting  feature, 

The  Directors,  feeling  that  the  ownership  of  homes  was  a  funda¬ 
mental  guard  to  the  family,  and  that  therefore,  the  erection  of 
.Mil  dwelling  houses  should  he  strongly  encouraged  in  Boston  and 
its  sister  communities,  roted  to  encourage  the  holding  of  a  similar 
land  and  home  exposition  in  Boston  to  he  held  April  3-15  next. 

They  have  also  authorized  the  award  of  a  prize  of  one  hundred 
dollars  for  the  host  plan  of  a  small  dwelling  house,  which  is  to  he 
shown  at  the  April  Exposition,  to  he  based  on  tasteful  design,  econom 
ical  construction  and  interior  arrangement. 

Ho  exhibit  could  be  .or.  to  the  g.«er«l  public  uud 
O.  h.».-...X.r  then  pour  »d.l  of  the  .ould.d  concrete,  e.p.c- 
lUly  in  .  city  line  Jo.ton  .hich  need.  tb.  .11  hou.e,  .»d  you 
could  oblige  u.  11  by  .honing  it  to  u.  in  Bo.ton  In  »P«U  »■  — 
done  in  Hew  York  last  spring. 

The  enclosed  circular  explains  the  action  of  the  Directors  in 
favoring  the  Exposition. 

Hoping  for  an  early  and  favorable  answer, 

Very  truly,  yours, 




Real  Estate  and  Ideal  Homes  Exposition. 

horticultural  hall 


Boston,  December  10,  1910. 

~  A*  local  Real  Estate  Exposition,  the  first  of  its  kind  in  this  country,  was 
held  in  New  York  at  the  Madison  Square  Garden  May  18-25  last.  In  this  exhibition 
there  were  assembled  miniature  plots  of  land  development  for  residential  occupation, 
with  landscape  characteristics,  showing  houses,  roads,  trees,  etc.,  and  forming  reduced 
pictures  of  various  tracts  offered  for  settlement.  Other  displays  included  concrete 
terra  cotta  and  other  fireproof  materials;  a  model  of  Mr.  Edison’s  concrete  house  and 
its  moulds;  roofings;  the  latest  heating,  lighting  and  plumbing  conveniences  ,  attrac¬ 
tive  portable  houses  and  greenhouses;  plans  of  attractive  low  cost  dwellings  and 
bungalows;  house  decorations— all  forming  a  combined  exhibition  of  lands  and 
homes  and  an  interesting  and  instructive  exhibit. 

The  success  of  the  first  enterprise  encouraged  its  projectors  to  announce 
a  second  similar  exhibition,  to  be  held  in  New  York  April  next,  in  the  Madison 
Square  Garden,  and  the  example  has  spread  to  other  cities. 

The  question  of  encouraging  a  similar  exposition  in  Boston  was  referred  by 
the  Directors  of  the  Exchange  to  a  Committee,  which  reported  favorably  and  advised 
that  the  endorsement  of  the  Exchange  be  given  to  such  an  enterprise  but  without 
seeking  profit  or  incurring  financial  risk  or  liability. 

The  Directors,  believing  that  the  holding  of  such  an  exposition  in  Boston,  to 
embrace  the  land  attractions  of  the  entire  Greater  Boston  community, .would l  be 
highly  educational  and  operate  as  a  desirable  stimulus  to  the  acquirement  of  homes 
a  true  basis  of  a  firm  real  estate  market  and  of  a  healthy  civic  force-at  a  special 
meeting  held  November  1  last,  voted  the  appointment  by  the  President 


Advisory  Committee  to  advise  with  the  organizers  and  managers  of  the  enterprise 
as  to  details,  regulations  and  advertisements,  providing  that  no  financial  liability  or 
responsibility  be  placed  on  the  Exchange,  with  power  to  add  to  their  number  and  to 
select  a  General  Committee  of  those  especially  interested  or  who  may  desire  to 
encourage  the  holding  of  such  real  estate  exhibitions. 

The  Advisory  Committee  believes  that  the  interests  of  real  estate  in  the 
Greater  Boston  cannot  help  being  subserved  by  such  exhibitions,  which  if  properly 
supported  may  become  popular  annual  festivals  of  home  progress.  No  community  in 
the  world  can  assemble  more  varied  and  attractive  landscape  miniatures  of  lands 
awaiting  the  home-seeker.  The  man  who  desires  to  own  a  home,  but  finds  no  time 
for  inspection  of  the  many  scattered  sites  in  Boston  and  its  suburbs,  is  given  the 
opportunity  through  such  an  exposition  to  examine  and  compare  many  such  sites 
together  in  a  single  evening,  and  to  be  shown  at  the  same  time  attractive  plans  of 
houses,  economical  methods  of  good  construction,  dwelling  necessities  and  conven¬ 
iences,  with  approximate  estimates  of  cost,  etc.,  etc.  Factory  and  water  front  lands 
may  also  be  shown  to  advantage  at  such  an  exhibition. 

The  Greater  Boston  Real  Estate  and  Ideal  Homes  Exposition,  Incor¬ 
porated,  E.  J.  Rowe,  President  and  Manager,  820  Colonial  Building,  100  Boylston 
Street,  Boston  (Telephone  Oxford  4136),  will  organize  a  Real  Estate  and  Ideal 
Homes  Exposition,  which  will  be  held  under  the  auspices  of  the  Exchange  and  with 
the  advice  of  the  Advisory  Committee  as  to  details,  regulations,  etc.,  at  Horticultural 
Hall,  April  3-15,  1911.  Mr.  Rowe,  of  the  firm  of  Green  &  Rowe,  is  highly  com¬ 
mended  to  the  Committee  as  an  experienced  exposition  organizer,  the  firm  having 
managed  many  exhibition  enterprises  in  Boston  and  other  cities,  and  lately  closed 
with  success  this  year’s  Mechanics  Exhibition.  Applications  for  prospectus  and  other 
information  should  be  made  to  the  Exposition  Company  at  the  above  address. 

The  Advisory  Committee  bespeaks  the  cordial  and  hearty  encouragement  of 
the  members  of  the  Exchange  for  the  enterprise  through  the  display  of  lands  or 
otherwise.  The  co-operation  of  all  others  interested  in  real  estate  will  be  welcomed. 






Jfrom  PotieP, 



Steoiart  &  Handle, 


Gla3gOW.....g.6*b.,Miygri:,. . .1911. 

Thomas  A.  Eddison,  Esq.., 


New  Jersey. 

Deer  fcir. 

In  reply  to  yours  of  January,  lOt'n,  would  you  kindly  sey  when  Mr. 
Eddison' s  experiments  ere  likely  to  be  finished,  end  oblige. 

Yours  faitjifully, 


house  would  not  hear  transportation  to  Boston  for  exhibition  at  the 
Beal  Estate  Exposition  to  he  held  here  April  3-15. 

We  understand  that  a  small  model  about  2x3  was  shown  at 
the  late  dement  Show.  Would  it  not  he  possible  to  have  this  model 
shown  here  or  even  a  large  photograph  with  samples  of  the  models? 
The  management  of  the  Exposition  assures  that  space  for  such  an  in¬ 
teresting  exhibit  would  be  furnished  without  expense. 

Asking  a  favorable  answer  at  your  convenience^ 

Very  truly,  yours, 

Greater,  Boston 
Real  Estate 
^  Ideal  Hojvles 
Exp  o  s  i  t  i  ojsl 


ReeJ  E  stedeExcheav£i 

Mvd  AuctioABo&r  d 

Mr.-  Thomas  A.  Edison 
Orange  , 

New  Jersey. 

Mr.  Frederic  H.  Viaux,  — -  - 

change,  who  are  giving  the  above  Jwcpositioi 
write  you  concerning  an  exhibit  by  the  Jidi! 
Company.  Mr.  Viaux  informs  me  that  he  has 

of  the  Real  Estate  i 
. ,  has  requested  me  to 
ion  Portland  Cement 

mpany.  ar.  viaux  iniurrao  mo  «■“>  **'»»  a  f'r  y0U;T  ^eo“ 

tary  stating  that  it  is  impraetible  for  you  to  ship  the  model 
that  you  now  have  of  the  Edison  poured  cement  house. 

I  suggested  to  Mr.  Viaux  that  we  could  have  a  model  made  here  by 
a  Mr.  Baston,  this  model  to  be  made  either  of  wood  and  covered  with 
a  coating  of  cement,-  or  made  entirely  of  cement  and.  to  be  the  son 
size  as  the  one  you  have  at  Orange.-  I  will  guarantee  that  this  model 
will  not  cost  your  Company  over  $100,  probably  less. 

The  Real  Estate  Exchange,  composed  of  the  better  class  of  dealers 
and  operators  of  Greater  Boston ,  are  very  much  interested  in  get¬ 
ting  an  exhibit  of  your  poured  cement  house  and  if  you  will  per¬ 
mit  us  to  go  ahead  with  a  modellas  suggested  above ,  the  expense 
of  same  not  to  be  more  than  $100  to  you,  we  will  give  you  one  of 
the  best  spaoes  left  in  the  exposition,  without  cost,  for  an  ex-  ^ 
hibit  by  the  Edison  Cement  Company,  including  the  model  and  moulds 
of  the  poured  cement  house. 

We  will  feature  your  exhibit  in  all  of  our  advertising,  including 
the  newspapers,  and  thereby  attract  such  attention  to  your  Cement 
Company  that  cannot  help  but  secure  considerable  direct  business. 




Scope  of  the  Exposition  t 

Admirable  Location  for  a  Display  of  Features 
Essential  to  a  Home  Beautiful 



Greater  Boston  Real  Estate  and  Ideal  Homes  Exposition  Bulletin  Ketawnr. 

Desire  for  Owning  A  Homei 


Is  Strong  in  the  Heart  of  the  Savage  of  Various  ; 
Lands  and  Climes  as  well  as  in  the  Minds 

of  the  Best  Civilized  Peoples  j 


wo  Essential  Featutes  ot  Ideal  Homes,  Which 
Require  Great  Attention 

The  ipieslinnol  liulilini!  lire  ulcal  Rome, 

i,i„„s  man  siuliat  l.c  can  readily  react. 


1  f'/i u  .,v'  \i 

.ti  sma.!y.’,ni"t'‘l  ,r‘""  '“'"''rit"! 

nsurauc^  amT  clearly 

has  b'eei^evc^rekdyto  light  to  the  death 
man’s limn^is'llis  castle ’’ ’well  epitomizes 

,m  '  '  -"jj™  J\  '' 

upon  the  right  track,  persevere  to  the 

'contented  mail*,  entrenched  in  his  home, 
is  the  bulwark  ul  society.  The  anarchist 

h'tV.no1  *^'1 » f  ‘  f'roin 

their  owiyhoine.  ^  ^  ^  ^  think 

mature’  years  ?u  rivc'V' t’ilimKht' to"ll»£ 


ward"  which  "wry* Imte.’wortl'T »« »»« *  »»* 
shaped  his  course,  at  some  time  or  other 
or  will,  and  for  the 

EdSi^nd  of  whSir  wealth  he  ’may  be 

Ideal**  Horned  Kxp^  be 'held  "ii 

come^'ot'^Massa^^  Iron 

ijclore  tftaT  (  I  l  ^ 
SkS^8lt!!b,"jeplorj.X  ,  ,  j 


!  (Inc) . ;^J fuowe/ president  and  mar 
•  ager,  820  Colonial  1  h  u  l  d  in  g ,  ^  H KM » j t < ' 

"  !!l  the  'limnc!''  *  No^spccial^sysKmj  ot  1 

,cs,*lis  ih"'|mn»«jy^,1,G'  j  Y*  * 

11  Exposition  Ofllce  located  at  Id 
J1  Boylston  Street.  Telephone,  Oxtoi 
1  -"36. 

■bearing  on  the  work  of  concrete  I  have  -become  very  much  interest¬ 
ed  in  the  EdiBon  Concrete  House,  especially  the  plan  of  the  two- 
and  one-half  story  house  to  he  shown  at  the  Chicago  Concrete 
Show,  cost  $2500,00. 

In  this  section  of  the  country  the  concrete  house 
is  unknown,  cement  block,  brick  and  wood  being  the  only  style  of 
ardiitecture.  This  locality  is  composed  of  three  towns,  all 

adjoining,  with  a  population  of  about  125,000. 

Will  you  please  give  me  full  infomration  in 
regard  to  these  houses,  who  owns  the  patent  ri$it  to  same,  who 
I  could  get  to  put  up  a  sample  house,  what  finish  could  be  put 
on  the  inside,  in.  other  words,  give  me  complete  information 
for  a  six  room  house  and  bath.  The  first  house  I  would 

like  to  hare  built  by  some  builder  rtio  thorougily  understands 
this  work.  I  believe  the  house  would  take  very  well  and  in 
that  event  considerable  business  might  be  secured  in  thiB 

The  house  vh  ioh  I  have  in  mind  would  have  a  large 


living  room  aoroso  the  front  of  the  houBe,  with  a  small 
reception  hall,  a  fire  place  in  the  living  room,  and  dining 
room  and  kitchen  on  the  first  floor  with  three  hed  rooms  and 
a  hath  on  the  second  floor. 

Thanking  you  for  any  information  you  can  give 

CTD — S. 

Direct  your  reply  to 

Engineering  Dept 


makers  of 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
c/o  Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 
Valley  Road, 

West  Orange, 



February  22,  1911. 

/  n  February  22,  1911. 


W  a? 

Please  find  enclosed  a 

letter  received  from  our  French 
firm  addressed  to  you,  translation 
of  which  we  also  enoloee. 

Yo^trs  very  truly, 




FONDEE  EN  1832 

Monsieur  EDISON 




Nous  avons  lu  aveo  un  vif  intlrfct  les  articles  parus 
dans  plusieurs  Joumaux  franqais  &  la  suite  de  1* innovations 
que  vous  avez  faite  en  construisant  des  maisons  loonomiques, 
coulees  en  blton  de  ciment  dans  des  monies  en  fonte. 

faccroissement  rapide  de  la  population  ouvrifere  de 
notre  Ville  ayant  fait  augmenter  dans  des  proportions  conside¬ 
rables  le  prix  des  loyers,  nouB  avons,  depuls  quelques  armies, 
cherchl  i  remldler  &  la  plnurie  et  &  la  chert!  des  logements 
en  construisant  des  habitations  saines  et  loonomiques  pour  les 
nombreux  ouvriers  de  nos  usines, 

C*est  ainsi  que  depuis  deux  ans  nous  avons  Idifil, 

Bur  les  nombreux  terrains  achetls  dans  ce  but,  trois  grandes 
maisons  collectives,  renfermant  prfes  de  100  logements,  et  prfes 
de  deux  cent  cinquante  maisons  individuelles,  groupies  par 




,  'Clermont- F“ 

Monsieur  EDISON 

&  6/2/11 

deux,  par  quatre  ou  par  six. 

Les  demandes  de  location  que  nous  reoevons .chaque  Jour 
olus  nombreuses ,  nous  font  tin  devoir  de  continuer  la  realisa¬ 
tion  complete  de  notre  programme,  qui  oomporte  enoore  la  cons¬ 
truction  de  plus  de  cinq  oents  maisons  individuelles. 

Dans  les  Itudes  que  nous  poursuivons  pour  la  x  cons¬ 
truction  de  oes  habitations,  nous  sommes  constamment  guides 
par  le  desir  d’aller  vite  et  de  les  faire  4conomiquement ,  de 
faqon  &  baisser  le  plus  possible  le  prix  des  loyers  et  donner 
ainsi  h  la  population  si  intSressante  de  no/s  ouvriers  le  ma¬ 
ximum  de  bien  fctre  pour  le  minimum  d* argent.  C’est  pourquoi 
nous  avons  pens4  que  vous  voudriez  bien  nous  autoriser  fc  met- 
tre  &  contribution  votre  grande  explrienee  en  nous  indiquant 
les  ouvrages  traitant  des  habitations  que  vous  avez  4difi4es, 
les  Maisons  ou  Soci4t4s  construisant  d’apres  votre  invention 
ou  les  personnalit4s  susceptibles  de  nous  donner  les  rensei- 
gnements  qui  nous  lnt4ressent:  plans,  devis,  prix  de  revient , 
prix  de  location,  eto... 

La  solicitude  que  vous  montrez  pour  le 
personnel  ouvrier  am4rlcain,  nous  fait  esp4rer  que  vous  vou- 
drez  bien,  en  raison  de  la  similitude  du  but  que  nous  poursui- 
vons,  aeoueiUir  favorablement  notre  demande  et  nous  faire 
envoyer  les  renseignements  que  nous  prenons  la  libertl  de  vous 

Veuillez  agrler,  Monsieur,  avec  nos  remerciements, 

1* assurance  de  notre  consideration  la  plus  distingu4e. 


Translation  of  a  letter  from  Messrs  Mlohelin  &  Co. 
Clermont-Ferrand,  France,  dated  Feb.  6,  1911. 

Mr.  Edison. 

Dear  Sirs- 

We  have  read  with  great  interest  the  articles 
appearing  in  many  of  the  French  magazines  regarding  the 
innovation  that  you  have  made  in  building  economical 
houses  of  oonorete  in  oast  iron  moulds. 

The  rapid  increase  of  the  population  of  the 
working  people  of  our  city  having  increased  the  rent  in 
considerable  proportion,  for  a  few  years,  we  have  tried 
to  remedy  the  scarcity  said  the  high  price  of  tenements 
by  building  sanitary  and  economical  houses  for  the 
numerous  employees  of  our  factory • 

It  is  thus  that  during  the  past  two  years  we 
have  erected  on  the.  large  tract  of  land  bought  for  that 
purpose  three  large  houses  for  accomodating  one  hundred 
tenements  and  about  two  hundred  fifty  individual  houses 
grouped  in  twos,  fours,  or  in  six. 

The  increasing  demand  for  rents  received  daily 
leads  us  to  continue  the  complete  realization  of  our 
programme  whioh  etill  inoludes  the  construction  of  more 
than  five  hundred  individual  houses.  In  our  studies  for 
the  ereotion  of  these  tenements  we  are  constantly  guided 
by  the  desire  of  rapid  work  and  to  build  them  economically 
so  as  to  lofer,  as  muoh  as  possible,  the  oost  of  rents  and 
thus  give  to  the  interesting  population  of  our  employees 
the  comfort  for  the  minimum  oost.  Therefore  that 

'  is  why  we  thought  that  you  would  kindly  authorize  us  to 


. -2-  _  .  , 

take  advantage  of  your /broad  experience  by  informing 
ue  of  the  works  treating  of  the  dwellings  you  have 
ereoted,  the  name  of  the  firms  constructing  them  as 
per  /our  invention,  or  the  persons  able  to  give  us  the 
informations  interesting  to  us:  plan,  cost,  rent,  eto. 

The  interest  that  you  show  in  the  American 
employee  leads  us  to  hope  that  you  will,  considering 
we  are  following  the  same  purpose,  favorably  receive 
our  request  and  give  us  the  information  for  which  we 
take  the  liberty  to  ask. 

Thanking  you  in  advance,  we  remain, 

Tours  very,  faithfully. 

American  [Novelties 

“  (C.  E.  LAYTON  &  C5HE-)  /  *  , 

(C.  E.  LAYTON  &  02“-^) 


WIEN  v  1 











i - 1  f  1/  ^ 

NMvra g5JSS3SffKiSSffim«MSM  '\Wv  '  Jf 

$  j  Js 

° the  hon-  yflF'  *  $  x  A  /  m 

Manager  of  Edison-Park,  Amerikli 


tic  Tiring  great  interest  in  the  invention  of  lir.  Thorns 
Kdisons  cheap  buildings  for  workmen  constructed  through 
the  process  of  moulding. 

As  there  is  just  now  a  great  movement  supported  by  the 
dovernement  in  regarding  the  buildings  of  cheap  houses  frr 
industrial  and  count,,  workmen  the  obov.  .cr.tiuncd  inven¬ 
tion  is  .1..  in  Austria-Hungary  of  great  fortune,  and  hill 
not  ....  mueh  trouble  to  found  a  s.oi.t,  bar.  at  onoo.hbon 
th.  invention  is  «.da  public  in  tbo  right  way  .As  »«  or.  1» 
olos.  connection  with  tb.  sontlocan.nb.  baa  to  r.f.r  a»  J.- 
^“aurt^  rsgardlne  th.  interests  c, 

tbo  can  say.tbat  we  would  b.  abl.  to  ir- 
tr.duoe  tb.  abov.  ..nti.nod  invention  with  tbo  pr.sp.b). 
a  surely  result. 

Wo  beg  of  you  to  let  us  knew  the  conditions  under  which 
you  would  give  us  the  representation  of  your  hou.  house 
not  only  for  Austria-Hungary  but  also  for  the  r  — 
of  Europe- 

„„nU  the  favor  of  your  answer  ana  remain 

other  states 

ue_X.  ? 

rhpiaas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

'West  Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  sir: 

The  Inarch  mid-monthly  number  of 
the  Scientific  American  Is  to  contain  a  number 
of  articles  on  the  sublet  of  Portland  cement, 
we  are  sending  you  a  galley  proof  of  one  of 
the  articles,  written  by  Mr.  J.  H-  perry» 
of  the  Turner  Construction  Company,  which  may 
interest  you,  for  the  reason  that  reference 
is  made  to  your  system  of  constructing  mono¬ 
lithic  houses.  Mr.  Perry  states  very  frankly 
that  he  considers  the  difficulties  In  the 
way  of  your  system  insurmountable.  We  believe 
that  Mr.  Perry  Is  right,  but  desire  to  be  en¬ 
tirely  fair  to  you,  and  would  like  to  hear 
from  you  on  this  subject.  We  are  Informed 
that  you  yourself  have  serious  doubts  of  ever 
solving  the  problem. 

Your s  faithfully, 

and  rapid  developement  of  these  States  and  the  demand  for  all  class- 
es  of  houses,  the  Influx  of  imme grants,  building  of  railways,  and 
settlement  on  the  lands  of  the  States  ,1  have  disBousaed  with  some- 
friends  the  practicability  of  forming  a  strong  Company  to  utilise 
your  system  of  house-building  in  Australasia( that  is  in  this  Common! 
wealth  and  fiti  H.  Z.  for  the  erection  of  Hotela.Shops,  Workmen's 
houses  and  Country  and  Suburban  Residences. 

Our  forests  are  becoming  stripped  of  all  useful  building 
timber,  consequently  all  such  materials  are  costly  and  we  feel  that 
your  re-inf or ced  oonorete  buildings  will  be  erected  oheaper  and 
quicker  than  by  any  system  now  in  vogue  here. 

My  colleagues  are  moneyed  men  and  any  reasonable  royalty  c^n 
be  arranged  for  the  right  of  exclusive  use  of  your  system  here,  or 
if  preferred  your  patent  rights  for  Australasia  purohased. 

Ithink  this  about  expresses  the  present  state  of  the  matter 
as  far  ae  we  are  concerned,  and  if  satisfied  as  to  the  perfection  of 
your  system,  we  should  feel  obliged  to  you  if  you  would  be  so  good 
as  to  send  me  su oh  Plans  and  Specifications  ot  Hotels,  oountry  and 

w  sotiTM  ^  Edison  2  V3A1  79 

suburban  house a,  cottages  and  shops  as  you  are  kind  enough  to 
spare  me,  together  with  full  particular  as  to  manufacture  of  mouldi 
concrete,  and  other  material  requited,  and  the  approximate  weight  ■> 
of  moulds  together  with  such  other  information  ae  you  may  deem  nec¬ 
essary  . 

If  on  hearing  you  are  disposed  to  entertain  my  suggestion* 
and  you  can  afford  me  a  sight  of  your  plans  and  specifications  so 
that  we  may  know  better  whore  we  stand,  it  is  probable  one  of  my  fr 
lends  will  come  across  and  obnfer  with  you  and  finally  settle  matter 

b  at  an  early  date. 

Awaiting  your  reply 

Tours  faithfully 

the  Chaparra  Sugar  Company 

FRED  N.  _  TRACY  &  CARTER  -  MAUDE-^ 

present  their  own  copyrighted 



Dear  Mr  Edison  ,,0  En  Route,  March  15  ;9***  W- 

Your  fa'/ or  of  the  8th  Inst  .  at  hand  with  .oo'let  regards 
the  new  concrete  houses.  J  .  .  . 

We  have  in  our  city  one  of  the  best  concrete  wen  in  this  part  of 
the  country  who  is  .ery  wuch  interested  in  your  invention. 

Such  houses  as  yours  would  e  of  »reat  fcenefit  to  our  people 
as  we  have  a  lar5e  nuw’er  of  nice  people  in  our  county  who  are  only  in 
moderate  circunstances  who  would  like  to  own  their  o<n  home  ut  cannot 
afford  to  cay  the  vi*  orices  as'ed  for  the  modern  houses. 

«ha  Tan  of" ny self  and  associates  is  to  put  u,  a  number  oufr 
: our  concrete  houses  and  then  let  the  people  have  them  on-time 

^—'we  have  Tuite  a  nuwher  of  well  to  do  l«^rs  in,,  socialistic 
,arty  .rho  are  interested  in  this  matter  and  who  are  willing  to  .ut  ^ 

money  with  us  for  this  uurpose.  -ossicle  regards  the  matter  in 

1  ^  ad  Isp  ns  as  soon  as  ^ossi 

question  yours  truly, 

1S-B  P  Street 

We  had  t”’ pleasure* of  playiny  in  Fort  Meyers  FlZ  last  winter  .My  cousin^ 

„„  b0M  ' 
as  yours.  Cf^£p\ 

of  the  ri  e 






I  if  these  people  are  not  the 
B  OUT  ones  to  enter¬ 
tain  you. 

See  Them 


Barcroft  Opera 


and  every  night  this  week 


(not  Harry  l  int  Fred  N.) 




(No  kin  to  Niek  Carter) 

Complete  change  of  Program 

”  -kf.  i  i  Popular  Prices  10  and  20  cents 
-Every  Night  HAWKINS  BROS.,  Proprietors 

Louis  L.  Playford, 



Thomas  A.  Bdison,  Seq. 
West  Orange , 
Hew  Jersey, 

Bear  Sir, 


24th  April,  1911 
(a* i 

I  have  been  reading 
in  the  Xmas  Munsey  in  whioh  you  stated  that  you 
a  plan 

working  on  L 

whioh  you  hoped  to  oaBt  a  house  out  of  cement  as  a 
foundry  oasts  a  osr-wheel  out  of  iron. 

X  hardly  imagine  that  it 

is  neoeasary  to  apologise  to  you  for  writing  you  direct  on  the  sub¬ 
ject  of  your  invention,  since  in  that  way  only  can  I  obtain 
reliable  information.  If  you  have  completed  the  invention  as 
suggested  I  would  like  to  point  out  that  South  Africa  and  partic¬ 
ularly  the  Transvaal  is  more  in  need  of  a  oheap  though  substantial 
building  than  most  places.  The  Witwatersrand  Gold  Fields  today 
easily  occupy  first  place  in  the  World*.  Gold  production,  and  you 
can  well  imagine,  extending  a.  they  do  for  some  40  miles  in  length 
embraoing  several  important  townships  of  whioh  Johannesburg  is 
the  head,  what  a  large  population  has  to  be  catered  for.  In  all 
South  African  towns  building  is  extraordinarily  expensive,  skilled 


LOUIS  L.  Playford, 


labour  is  very  dear,  and  carpenters,  masons  and  such  like  can  not 
be  had  under  £1  per  diem,  added  to  which  nearly  all  material  excej* 
hare  bricks  has  to  be  imported.  We  cannot  even  make  here  roof¬ 
ing  tiles  or  shingles,  and  from  one  end  of  South  Africa  to  the  otipr 
Galvanised  Iron  Sheets  are  used  for  roofing.  An  ordinary  5  roomed 
house  of  the  bungalow  type  costs  £1000,  and  would  probably  realise 
£12  per  month  rent.  The  Johannesburg  Municipality  now  extends  to 
a  radius  of  6  miles  from  the  Market  Square  and  in  this  area  are 
some  50  separate  Townships,  many  of  them  innocent  of  any  buildings 
whatever.  With  very  few  exceptions  all  such  Tdwnships  Are  laid 
otit  .in  flt&fids  6£  building' plots  of  50  x  100  ft.  each.  Here,  as 
in  other  parts  of  the  world  Building  Societies  flourish  exceed¬ 
ingly  and  most  of  the  houses  occupied  by  the  middle  classes  have 
got  mortgages  upon  them.  JTrom  one  end  of  the  Main  Reef  to  the 
ether  there  are  vast  heaps  of  tailings,  i.e.  residues  from  the  StdPP 
Batteries  and  cyanide  plants,  which  consist  of  very  finely  ground 
quartz  etc. ,  and  these  thousands  upon  thousands  of  tons  of  useless 
material  would  probably  form  an  excellent  admixture  for  cement. 

To  overcome  the  enormous  demand  for  houses  various  attempts 
have  been  made  to  impart  wooden  and  even  cardboard  houses,  but 

LOUIS  L.  Playford, 



*  / 

fat// mm  Ou/e/y. 


these  have  generally  proved  unsatisfactory.  lime  is  plentiful, 
amd  recently  a  cement  Factory  has  been  established  at  Pretoria, 

25  miles  away  by  rail,  which  promises  well,  so  that  probably 
little  would  have  to  be  imported  in  this  respect.  It  would 
occupy  well  nigh  a  3  volume  Hovel  to  give  you  an  idea  of  the 
state  of  affairs  as  regardsdbuilding  In  this  country,  but  put 
briefly  the  housing  question  looms  very  large  on  these  Gold  Fields 
It  occurs  to  me  that  you  may  not  have  thought  of  this  count¬ 
ry  as  of  sufficient  importance  to  patent  your  invention,  but 
whether  this  is  so  or  not  X  am  most  anxious  to  secure  the  right 
for  South  Africa,  or  at  all  events  the  Transvaal,  and  should  be 
more  then  obliged  if  you  would  open  negotiations  with  me  on  the 
subject.  I  shall' be  quite  able  to  assure  you  of  my  likelihood 
of  being  able  to  undertake  such  business  whether  you  chose  to 
establish  an  Agency  here  or  to  sell  your  rights  out  and  out,  in 
which  latter  ease  I  should  have  to  form  a  Jodht  Stock  Company 
to  satisfy  your  requirements.  I  may  say',  that  I  am  a  well  known 
citizen  of  this  town,  and  for  some  years  occupied  the  position  of 
Chief  Magistrate  for  these  Gold  Fields.  I  am  now  practising  as 


an  Attorney.  It  would  probably  be  presumption  on  my  part  to 
give  you  a  history  here  of  the  Transvaal  as  a  Gold  producer,  hut 
when  X  point  out  that  the  Transvaal  Gold  Mining  Companies  have 
up  to  date  returned  £75,155,240  in  dividends  to  share-holders  you 
can  judge  of  the  importance  of  the  place  for  an  invention  such 
as  yours.  There  is  a  constantly  increasing  demand  for  reinforced 
oonorete  on  the  Mines  thenselves  which  will  Bo  douht  in  the  near 
future  assume  enormous  proportions,  and  when  one  considers  the 
unlimited  coal  supply  right  on  the  spot  you  can  understand  my 
anxiety  to  get  into  touch  with  you  on  this  question.  No  trouble 
would  he  too  great  as  far  as  I  am  concerned  to  give  you  every 
possible  data  you  might  require,  hut  in  the  mean  time  I  am  most 
anxious  that  another  mail  should  not  go  out  without  addressing 
you  on  the  subject,  however  cursory  this  letter  may  be. 

Yours  faithfully, 



Runhel  Brothers 

and  Cocoa  Preparations 


HF-R  New  York. 

445,447,449  &  451  WEST  THIRTIETH  STREET 

Mr.  .Shoe,; 

April  29,  1911. /j 

■*"'  <a^W*” V** 

Dictated  by 

We  ore  contemplating  the  eroc'iibj* 
of  a  very  large  plant  in  tho  city  of.  Eliza- 
•  hath  for  the  manufacture  of  our  products. 

We  have  horn  informed  that  yon  toe  recently 
perfected  some  sort  of  a  cement  construction 
whioh  you  can  reoomuend  for  this  line  of  work.  • 

It  is  our  intention  to  erect  several  various  buildings,  all 
of  which  will  carry  a  live  load  of  over  200  lbs*,  por  square  foot, 
end  we  will  lie  pleased  to  receive  some  further  information  from  you 
in  reference  to  this  construction,  either  by  appointment,  or  letter. 

I  ha  nlting  you  for  giving  this  your  attontion^wo  bog  to 


Your  b  very  trul 

13,  Xnc. 

American  Building  Corporation 

2  9  9  BROADWAY  v*  "(gp”  *c 

. . .  W°"H  iW  |l|  NEW  YORK.  U. 

. r 

Orange,  «.  J.  ‘  U.  J  ^ 

oar  l«r.  Killer:  \  ^  L-'  Jiff  y%  .  f 

I  don't  know  why  they  s'eht  me  t|>lr  enclosed  ^jtte^Of  c|^ee  I  am 
10w  in  the  business  somewhat  (as  per  enclosed  book),  but  refuse  anyth^h* Alls 
nto  my  dish  under  false  colors.  V 

If  1  have  your  permission,  I  will  act  upon  the  inquiry  in  befitting  manner. 

Yours  fcospectfully, 




f  (T  /  & 
June  Iqjff  19$jl*  ry*'  y  ,* 

rT  ,r  V 


.,  /V  A y  y  A, 
y  Xrf^/xXV 
XX  ?  X/  iv 

\  ■*  v  *  y  ft 

Thos.  A.  Edison  Esq 
Edison  laboratory. 

South  Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir:-  ^  ^  ^ 

Inquiries  continue  to  come  to  us  concerning  thV 
Edison  Cement  House.  The  last  is  from  the  B.  0.  Bowers 
Commission  Merchants  in  Hew  York,  who  ask  whether  the  houW 
ie  yet  on  the  market  and  on  what  terms  they  could  procure 
the  exclusive  agency  for  Greece.  Any  further  information 
that  you  can  give  us,  will  be  of  great  assistance  in  answer¬ 
ing  the  many  applications. 

Yours  very  truly 


American  Building  Corporation 



NEW  YORK,  U.  S.  A . June.  15.1 

. 191  1. 

A.  Killer,  Esq., 
Orange,  !l.  J. 

1  enclose  loiter  Tram  Ur.  Ellingwood.  He  net  Ur.  Edison 
when  he  v an  Supervising  Architect  on  tho  Penn.  R.R,  Station  in  Hew  York  City 
(he  was  then  connected  yjith  UcHira,  Meade  &  'lYhite-i! ,Y. ) . 

1  think  that  ;.,r,  Edison  will  give  him  the  answer.  1  rather  you  would  not 
show  the  letter  to  Ur.  Edison  as  perhaps  it  soujuls  r  little  "fresh"  at  the 
outstart,  but  Ellingwood  is  sincere  (cnd  only  means  that  Ur.  Edison  is  tho 
greatest  friend  the  whole  world  has  ever  seen. 

_  , .  . 

aJO*.  J  ^al'~cCL 


American  Building  Corporation 



NEW  YORK,  U.  S.  A . June  2.3d, 191 

H.  A.  Miller,  Saq. , 

OrnnEe,  U.J. 

Dear  Mr.  Miller: 

1  wish  to  tiianlv  Mr.  Edison  for  the  information  in  behalf  of 
my  friend  EllinCwood,  and  have  sent  same  on  to  him  at  Montreal,  Canada. 

Yours  respectfully 


MOMOUTHE  62,  Rue  Saint-Lazare,  PARIS 

ymPUSTRIEUES^  Travaux  SpSciaux  EN  B£ton  Arm£ 

Goncrato-IIouaoB . 

Dear  »lr,  I- 

With  farther  reference  to  ay  oorrespandsnoe  of  last  year  In  re- 
to  the  Ocaorete  House.  doigned  by,  I  aoe  take  the  liber*  to 
a*fc  you  tostber  «  le  tree  •«»  MrJUeea  Has  already  «tow  erer  Me  right, 
for  Hor*e  to  a  eyndieete  tailed  *.0.0**  headed  *  nee  .re. Hun.  &  feall. 

Z  hear  ttot  these  toe  gentloeea  hare  already  ereotoA 
m,  hoojwl after  the  Mlsm  eywt-Oln  Holland,  and  mat  they  hate  foHheaaore 
taken  patentejn  thalr  ora  anee. 

Too  oeaU  greatly  oblige  ae  If  yon  eenld  pleaeo  let  no 
moo  tether  Aat  preeeede  le  oorreot.  As  Z  wrote  yon  lone  ago,  I  aa  partl- 
oularly  Interested  in  oanorete  oonstmotion.sad  I  would  use  ay  best  efforts 
to  these  patents  in  Snrope  (or  rattier  in  the  latia  oocntrles) should 

the  natter  be  still  «n. 

Z  dare  b*e  yea  will  arouse  ne  for  10m  trouble  Z  an 
Mwtog  yea  sni  I  weaU  be  ertiene*  pleeoed  If  Z  oenld  rostorosats  to  no 

l  retards  te  KrJMisea  and  t* yourself ,  Z  beg 

August  21,  1911. 

Ur-  G.  S.  Albaneso, 

62  Rue  Saint- Iazare, 

"aris ,  Prance. 

Roar  Sir: 

Your  favor  of  the  3rd  inst.  to  Mr.  Harry  Miller 
has  boon  referred  to  mo ,  and  in  reply  I  beg  to  advise  you 
that  Mr.  Edison  has  given  no  rights  whatevor  to  any  syndi¬ 
cate  in  Europe  in  connection  with  his  ooncrote  houses. 

I  am  advised  that  Messrs.  Harms  and  small  wore 
employ od  by  Mr.  Edison  some  time  ago  but  were  discharged 
by  him. 

If  you  can  advise  me  what  patents  these  two  men 
havo  taken  out  I  will  he  much  obliged,  as  possibly  they  may 
have  seoured  patonts  on  inventions  made  by  Ur.  Edison  and 
developed  in  his  laboratory. 

Yours  very  truly. 


General  Counsel. 

G.  S.  ALBAN ESE,  Ing£nieur 



Paris,  le  September  6th.I9II. 

63.  RUE  Saint-Lazare  (PLACA  oh  c»  taiait® 

Mr . Frank  I. Dyer, 

Edison  Leggl  Department, 
Orange  N.J.  U.S.A. _ 

Dear  3ir, 


I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favour  dated  and  in 

answer  thereto  I  have  feasure  to  enoleseherewithiaffSwt docu¬ 
ments  concerning  what  may  call 
defraud  M. Edison  of  his  legitimate  wor*. 

their  iespeotive  numherB  are  417.662  4  417. eg* 

jo.  «U  -if 

S?l£lm  4‘lliSftt'  »“»»4  «»•  th*  C““"  * 

paper  of  rather  ^i^quoted,  notwithstanding  that  the 

« .. »» *«« 

M.Harm’s  design,  patents  end  ideas. 

I  „  .100  enclosing  .  oirojlj ?i51t£U 
tl.  pr».t.  £;a”||?  rto”l  hove  obtain.d  «•- 

Small  European  patents  ana  tn  time  ago. 

SA5  •*  »• o^™1"  “• 

Moulded  Housos  (Edison  ^at^  g?and?  Small  mention 


appears  to  he  to  *OTal  ®°!;n||h0n  “ho  as  you  perhaps  know 

‘enable  to  tie  of  some  use  to^M^Edison^twn^riy  Nineties).  . 

§rusting*that*you  -y  succeed  ^aring^th.^,  ^ 



Jules  MADELINE,  President 


I A  pres  I’avis  da  Conseil  d’Etat 



states,  in  a  few  lines  much  of  whnt  vs 


^T'u  :  tT'xeti  i  ... 

*'  . .  '  la^.BoulevapdM^eshfrbes.I^^I^.-  jj.., 

■titid.SMCiiJ  I  n.-f,  0f-.5ia  _!±ki - —  ‘‘  rtLtPMO* 

-;  ^UR^f 

PARIS  251“’.  Rue  Lafayette 

LYON;  AI.Rui  d^wpepibll^'  «  '•  ’ 

DUNKERQUE.  36. Rue  deITgilee 

AOEN.  6l,6>uteyapdc«en^t: 
•ORDEAUX.lJprrMplIBioABHAl*  '  1 

io'.ju;:-  ael  ,ofeono:3r.  i-.  i  to.*  in 

s-v1  vAoqmi  I'n!  “not 


J31  vfceOVf:  o.I 
: .  :  ■  i.:'  :  I  i*on  n ' ' 

JlllS0te  COSHES  tSystfeme  totSOlQ" 

,  *  ... .  Ainai  quo  vous . pouvea ,  an  Jugex pair'd^ article  du 

4*  ^  HaiwPi^omique  eat 

rdaolu  grace  1*V»*  II'* 

Le  module  qui  figure  sur  le  "Matin"  n'eat  paa  un  type 
unifome,  car  avec  ce  syat&me,  l'on  pent  faire  n'importe 
quel  genre  de  Mtimerita  et  de  n’inporte  quelle  forme,  tela 
que  villas,  maisons  de  rapport,  uaines,  locau*  industries  etd 
;  :  -t  i  '  ifdconoile'eat'trSa  importante.  ISn  effef  d’aprba  le 

«*l  par'"un°arclii^oie  l»risien  pour  un 

«•>»«  faitel^vec  ie  aya^ne  ^son,  nous 

arrivona  k  un  prix  de  10.900  ImKi  que  pour  le 

gnona  le  chiffre  de  40.144  franca. 

H  eat  k  renarquer  qua  pour  lea  oonatruotiqna  actuates, 
I’arcMtoota  a  pria  aea  prix  minima,  tandia  qu’au  contraire 


pour  lea  constructions  par,moulage.,  il  a  vri*  ainsi.  qu’on 
Jwf par^a  maiVd'’ oeuvre'  dee  prix  maxima®. 

Bufin 1 Azores  et^iiS  event  m8me  que  1 ’exploitation 

ne  soit  oomenode,  lee  demandee  de  oonetruotions  de  grand 
nombre  de  villas,  nous  sont  parvenues,  de  la  part  d ’admi¬ 
nistrations  trfes  impotents s  et  oonnues,  ainsi  que  da  bon 
nombre  de  propridtaires. 

Le  prooddd  est  brevetd  dans  tons  les  pays  du  monde. 

Cette  note  est  trfes  suooincte  et  n’expose  que  la 
question  de  prinoipe,  le  rddaoteur  n’dtant,  nullement 
teohnioien.  Si  1’affaire  inteSresse,  l’on  se  tient  k  la 
diaposition  des  future  contraotanta  pour  aller  sur  place 
e’ostr^KS  ^  *&) ffift*’  tou‘es  leB  que8“ 

tions  ndcessaires  pour  lea  dclairer. 

les  apporteurs  damandent  pour  le  Brevet  frangais 
I  l^j&ndfices.  Cette 

•'  a&vS^',lfe;elfaitenW'-Btty»i  Hctions  d’apport 

s’il  a’agit  d’fthe^oiStd  anbiy4eJ;  I,Ion 

.  '  .  .  ■>!")  f  in  oldfcor..  >.T 

itt  tnv\  *af*  0  •rtlJL-  3- 

*  »’v"  «• 

B[9)  atm.  »Tpt'«  »•  -->’**>»  ’•  XM1' 

.  sjxosiain  .nclliv  onp 

, pour  le. moment  ,qu’^n«0tjji?;ie’de  photographies 
"  de  la  maison  en  .cours  de  qonstr^^^nj,  i^n^^jest  pas 
«**  #«»&«"  *’•* 

,1  -JTaKS  i'SfflS)  cos.or  o',  =J-.I  «r  ' 

-iojio  jo  *• 

prinoipe.  >a!)fl  of)  el  anoua 

.eiXCerriuB  an^ioinianoo  sol  taoq  sap  -t  r/piaraei  A  iao  II 
o  .iu-tinoo  Bf.'ap  aifinwJ  .amrnim  xiiq  eoo  BHq>  oioeJiioia’I 



15  Bouleyard  Maleoherbes  Paris 
Mouldod  Houses,  (Edison  System) 

Ao-you  may  Judge  by  the  article  in  the  "Hatin'*  of  the  5th  of  June,  tho  problem 
of  the  economic  house  has  been  solved,  thanks  to  tho  invention  of  Mr,E3ison. 

.  The  to  del  figuring  in  the  "Untin"  io  not  a  uniform  type,  for  with  this 
system,  ope  mpy  construct  any  kind  of  a  building  of  any  kind  of  form,  auch  as  villas, 
connected  houses,  workshops,  industrial  plants,  etc. 

Their  economy  is  very  important.  Indeed,  according  to  tho  attnchod  work,  dn 
done  by  a  Parisian  architect  for  a  group  of  ten  houBos,  mode  per  Edison  Bystem,  wo 
obtain  a  price  of  10900  frnnoo,  while  for  the  same  group,  representing  tho  some  ' 
surface  of  construction,  we  reach  the  figure  of  40144  francs.  It  is  to  be  romnrkod 
that  for  the  present  constructions,  the  architect  lias  taken  hio  minimum  pricoe, 
while  on  the  contrary,  for  eonttructione  by  moulding,  he  has  taken  the  maximum  prieee, 
ns  one  may  Judge  by  the  worttmnnohij).  Already,  before  their  exploitation  has  commenced, 
requests  for  the  construction  of  a  largo  number  of  villas  have  eomo  to  hand,  from  very 
important  boards  as  also  from  a  good  number  of  owners. 

The  process  is  patented  In  all  the  countries  of  the  V7orld. 

This  advioe  is  very  succinct  and  only  sets  forth  the  question  in  its  priciple 
as  tho  writer  in  in  no  way  q  technician.  If  the  matter  io  of  interest,  it  is  open  to 
future  contractors  to  go  direotly  to  the  place,  that  is,  to  Holland,  to  obtain  a  solution 
of  tho  necessary  question. 

The  sollers  ask  for  the  french  patent  250  000  frnnos,  cash  and  20/(  of  tho 
profits.  This  p«r**'e*pa*4en  share  should  be  furnished  in  capital  stoc  lc,  if  there  is 
a  question  of  a  Joint  stock  'company, 

P.S.  Only  having,  at  the  present,  fineries  of  photographs  of  the  houso  in  course  of 
construction,  it  io  impossible  to  surrender  it.  I  am  doing  what  is  nooeBsnry  to  proeure 

Again  let  mo  state,  a  reply  In  principle  io  all  that  is  in  question. 





17  BATTERY  PLACE  (  />  V 

NEW  yoRK,  Ofct.  16th,  1911. 

. .  „  J51. 

Dear  Sin 

ne  wrote  you  on  July  12th  regarding  Concrete  Houses 
and  duly  received  your  reply  stating  that  the  Molds  for  making  these 
were  not  yet  finished.  we  will  say  thfct  one  of  our  clients  in 

Africa  seems  specially  interested  in  concrete  construction  and  the 
circular  which  you  sent  us  was  duly  forwarded  to  him.  He  now  writes 
us  stating  that  he  has  some  580  lots  of  land  near  Johannesburg  on 
which  he  is  desirous  of  erecting  small  cottages  for  workmen.  There  must 
be  two  cottages  on  each  lot  known  as  "semi-detached  .  He  has  asked 
us  to  secure  quotations  for  the  supply  of  6  sets  of  Molds  based  on  the 
enclosed  ground  plan.  They  call  attention  to  the  fact  that  three 
rooms  will  be  of  the  same  size,  viz.  10  x  10,  clear,  inside  measure¬ 
ment.  The  only  fireplace  will  be  in  the  kitchen,  one  chimney  to 

serve  two  houses.  There  must  be  spaces  for  four  doors  and  three 
windows  in  each  house,  the  windows  being  one-tenth  of  the  size  of  the 
floor  space  and  spaces  for  air  bricks  at  the  floor  level  and  also  at 
the  top  of  the  walls  must  be  provided  in  order  to  secure  proper  ven¬ 
tilation  for  each  room.  These  details,  regarding  size  of  windows 

and  air  bricks  are  required  by  the  Municipal  law.  The  walls  are  to 

be  9  feet  high.  No  specification  is  made  regarding  the  roof  and 
such  design  as  you  might  submit  will  probably  be  acceptable.  In  the 
pahphlet  sent  to  Africa  our  client  calls  attention  to  the  fact  that  on 
pare  10  it  is  stated  that  you  will  furnish  plans  and  give  full  license 
to  reputable  builders  and  our  client  desires  us,  for  him,  to  put 
forward  a  claim  for  such  a  license.  Prom  the  above  you  will  note 
that  he  is  a  considerable  land  owner  who  is  desirous  of  'furnishing 
decent  houses  for  the  Cape  colored  people  who  as  a  class  at  P£®s®™- 
live  in  single  rooms  in  the  most  undesirable  part  of  one  of  the  suburbs 
of  Johannesburg. 

we  shall  be  glad  to  hear  from  you  at  your  early  con¬ 
venience  on  this  subject  and  will  then  submit  your  remarks  to  our 
client  abroad.  ne  shall  esteem  it  a  favor  if  you  will  return 

the  ground  plan  when  you  have  finished  with  same. 

Yours  truly. 

FRAU  Cl  15  M.  SUTT0IL&  UD. 


ItiS&INiaE  WS '  &  CftKX'J" 


•  „/\  /  WMER1CAN  SYSTEM 

'  *:sisiix iiuH-inse.  J  •  '•• 

Nbi^vk  Iot.  17th.  19U.  "// 

-  ''  •  ...  mu 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Bdlson,.  r  .  Ho 

W.  Orange.  H.  J.  -  | 

My  dear  Mr.  Bdlson*-  1 

ton  will  perhaps  reoall  the  wrlter  i&owaaone  of  poor 
guests  on  an  In^eotlon  trip  to  your  cement  plant,?  few  years  ago.  It 
aay  help  you  to'^Mt  me  In  your  memory  by  reselling  *s  fact,  that  we 
discussed,  at  quite  some  length,  the  build Ing  ol  reinforced  oonorete 
buildings.  At^at  time,  we  were  only  Just  takjpg  up  the  school  house 
problem.  Since  4ben.  we  hare  completed  sir  school  buildings,  hare 
three  under  oort&ot  and  some  very  good  prospers  of  closing  at  least 
a  doaen  more  during  the  com lig -season.  All , of, .these  wildings  will  be 
built  completely  of  rilifcxoed  oCncrete.  »olud^ng  the  art erlor  walls. 

?4e  note  ihet  there  ls  to  be  a  new  sohool  building  in 
your  City  of  Wert  Orange.  Ur.  H.  King  Conklin,  a  wary  competent 
Architect  of  this  City,  who  designed  the  Washington  School  at  Dutley. 
Whl«*  was  built  with  Edison  Cement,  la  at  present  endeavoring  to  gat  a 
commission  from  the  West  Orange  Board  for  t&'Wration  of  the  plans 
of  this  building.  Beside  the  school  at  Untie,.  Ur-  Conklin  also  design, 
•d  the  Central  Ave.  Sohool  In  Madison.  Public  Sohool  t*  In  Kearny,  and 
the  Oymnaslum  Building  at  Pennington  jail  of  which,  ure  reinforced  con¬ 
crete  buildings,  and  on  the. two  later,  we  are  Just  starting  work. 

hr.  Conklin  has  turned  down  commissions  Where  he  haB 
been  asked  to  design  non-flreproof  school  buildings.  He  thoroughly 

'believes  Id  the  fireproof  sohool,  built  of  relnforoel 
oonorete.  and  anything  that  you  oan  do  to  assist  Hr. 
Conklin  In  reoeiwlng  the  commission  to  prepare  the 
plans  for  the  new  School  to  replace  the  old  3t.  Mortal 
Building,  will  he  very  muoh  appreciated  by  us,  and  1 
know,  very  much  appreciated  by  Mr,  Conklin. 





( A J 

^  Xo  lu^Ljo  W*" 

^j'LUlA  Ol^Os^ 


SUrgOnyczIm ;  EOYENARAM. 
TELEFON  3-52,  3-63,  3-64. 


Mr. Thomas  A. Edison, 

Ediaons  Laboratory, 

Orange, New  Jersey, U.S-.j^T 

szy.utcza  Ifl.  (ft-  tA  X  ^ 

Hungary  li  ~  ^ 


‘  /yV 

My  dear  Mr. Ediaons-  V 

You  will  no  doubt  remember  that  during  your 
visit  here, we  discussed  the  acheme  regarding  your  method  of  building 
concrete  houaes  for  labourera.or  thoae  that  want  to  secure  a  home  at 
a  minimum  co3t. 

X  beg  to  inform  you  that  I  am  now  in  a,  pooition 
to  execute  your  ideas  upon  the  subject  in  a  practical  way  in  my  native 
to™  of  Pozsony, where  a  wealthy  and  philanthropic  inclined  lady  of  my 
acquaintance  wants  to  build  a  group  of  dwellings  according  to  your 

aystem*  Therefore  X  should  like  to  inquire  of  you 

how  far  you  are  advanced  in  this  matter, and  if  it  is  possible  to 
obtain  definite  information  from  you  concerning  the  same, so  that  I  can 
take  the  matter  up  end  push  it. 

Perhaps  you  are  awared  that  in  England  and 
Holland  they  ore  already  building  such  small  houses  on  axiron-concrete 
principal, and  thus  it  seems  opportune  now  to  get  started  on  your  ^ 

projects.  I  remain, 

Your3  very  truly 


DEVELOPERS  of  long  island  estates 



Song  Dfil-a-nb 





Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. 

orange  N. 

Soar  Bir:- 

6?  sX  , 

NEW  york.  December  19^  / 

kA  c 

Writer  read  with  more  than  interest  the 
enclosed  report  in  last  saturadays  New  York  Times, 
for  the  reason  he  has  been  seeking  some  plan  for  the 
erection  of  cheap,  yet  lasting  summer  bungalows. 

You  are  doubtless  aware  of  the  immense  pro¬ 
portions  to  which  the  "Portable"  and  "Knockdown"  house 
industry  has  jumped  within  a  couple  years.  There  is  no 
limit  to  the  field  or  demand. 

The  faults  with  the  Portable  house  are  manifold: 
They  are  dear,  never  satisfactory,  nor  pernament ,  in 
a  word,  are  but  lumber  tents.  The  Knockdown  houses  are 
little  better  then  the  Portable  house,  they  are  cheaper 
in  tte  first  instance,  but  as  they  necessitate  the  employ¬ 
ment  of  skill  labor  to  erect,  their  cost  ultimately  exceeds 
that  of  the  Portable  house.  In  both  cases  one  seasons 
wear  sees  them  shrunk  and  in  need  of  general  overhauling. 

The  thought  in  my  mind  is.  To  use  cement  instead 
of  lumber  for  studs,  using  sheet  steel  lathing-  covered 
with  cement  -for  the  walls  and  roof,  and  running  the  floorB 
in  also  in  cement.  Hanging  ail  windows  on  hinges  instead 
of  in  frames  to  reduce  cost. 

If  cheapness  and  permanency  could  be  effected 
in  putting  up  the  above  class  of  houses,  as  compared  to 
simillar  houses  in  lumber,  and  a  large  portion  of  the 
work  done  by  unskilled  labor,  am  satisfied  same  would  out¬ 
class  the  "Portable"  and  "Knockdown"  houses. 

Am  associated  with  the  above  Company  in  a  summer 
home  development  at  East  Quoque,  Long  Island,  and  have 
a  number  of  clients  needing  bungalows  and  garages.  This 
fact  has  made  i.e  give  the  study  of  this  subject  considerable 
time,  consequently  am  satisfied  as  to-  the  unlimited  field 
provided  the  conditions  referred  to  can  be  met.  . 

I  enclose  a  design  of  a  portable  house.  This 
house  cost  $800.00,  it  is  single  sheeted  on  the  outside 
not  lined,  has  no  celling,  and  paritions  only  reach  to 
height  of  walls. 

Unnn  31  n  Uni  ft 


if  you  t 

Should  like  to  come  and  discuss  this 
problem  with  you,  1°oKine-^°+i?itV4n0gnx 
hink  same  can  be  solved  on  the  lines  I 

Thanking  you 
kind  consideration  of 
from  you,  I  am 

in -anticipation  for  your 
subject,  and  hoping  to  hear 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Charities  and  Loans  (E-11-29) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents 
Edison's  charitable  contributions,  financial  assistance,  and  donatmns  of 
.  t  Thp  selected  items  for  1911  pertain  to  the  Young  Mens  Christian 
Association  and  other  organizations  in  Edison’s  hometown  of  Port  Huron, 
Michioan-  St  Paul's  A.M.E.  Church  in  Orange,  New  Jersey;  and  the  Society 
nf  qt  9|oh'nland  in  New  York  City.  One  request  for  phonographs  and  records 
bears  "anotatton  by  Edison  thaHf  I  should  «npiy»dth  all  the  requests  made 
as  she  makes,  it  would  break  the  Bank  of  England. 

Less  than  1  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  letters  consist  primarily  of  requests  for  money.  Many  bear  Edison 
notation,  "no  ans." 



The  Port  Huron  Timcs-Herald 

Port  Huron,  Michigan 

on.  Thomas  A.  Minor., 

0 range  ,  IT ov;  .Torso’?. 



Port  Tnron,  the  hoisa  of  pour  koyhoc 
to  oo inr. let o  t.  a.  C.  A.  building. 

i.c  without  success. 

ir.”  a 
!  situation  at 

plot  of 

follows : 

Sirth  street,  : 
Prick  knilfiir.i 
Is  the  walls  ai 

.  to  the  Port  Fnron  CInl  ,  is 
Lth  1  ho  orterior  almost  cois- 
roof  have  Poor,  construct  of 

Put  tiiO  fir.iehir.:’  work  is  r.ot  none.  The  interior  finish  has 
not  Peon  coins.or.cof.  It  will  cost  o lover,  thousand  dollars  to 
complete  the  building.  Dotts  to  the  amount  of  th.ousanf 
dollars  aro  owing .  It  will  cost  five  thousand  dollars  to 
furnish  it.  without  mar.;’  wealth;?  iron  ir,  the  ci ty ,  it  has  Peon 
impossible  to  socuro  r.  large  initiator;?  pledgo  to  start  a. 
fund  to  complete  the  work  ar.f  rap  the  dePts.  Therefore  a 
otimraien  of  a  foliar  a  hnud  from  every  ran,  woman  or.d  child 
in  the  city  was  recently  started  and  today  we  !ia.”e  practically 
sever,  thousand  dollars  ,ir.  cash  e.r.I  about  thirty-five  hundred 
dollars  ir.  first  class  pledges  and  other  good  assets  valued 
.  at  atout  twenty- five  hundred  cellars.  The  campaign  will 
oloso  Saturday  and  without  soma  outside  assistance,  it  is  appar 
sufficient  funds  will  r.ot  he  raised  to  make  the  venture  a 
success.  It  occurred  to  me  that,  you  might  Pe  willing  to 
make  a  conation.  I  assure  you  that  anything  yon  car.  see 

The  Port  Huron  Times-Herald 

Port  Horon,  Michigan 


St.  Paul' 3  A.  M.  E.  Ohurch 
94  south  St., Orange,  New  Jersey 
April  8,1911* 

Ur.  Thoraaa  A.  Edison,  If- .  , 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Uy  Dear  Ur.  Edison 



The  enclosed  receipt  will  certify  to^ 
that  we  have  received  your  check  for  $20. which  you  save^ 
as  a  donation  toward  our  mortgage  fund.  X  assure  you  rnj^ 
sir,  that  it  is  much  appreciated  and  thankfully  received. 

»e  are  now  completing  arrangments  to  pay  off  the  mortgage 
on  Tuesday  no  Inventing.  We  on3y  need  *409  more.  This  we 
hope  to  get  from  our  members  when  they  report  Sunday ( tomor¬ 
row)  evening. 

Again  thanking  you,  I  remain. 

Gratefully  yours, 

For  the; 

fours ,  . 


jHen's  business  Jkxsatmtion 

fort  fjuron,  iBicIjinan  Hay  23,  1911. 

Honorable  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey, 

The  people  of  Port  Huron  want  you  to 
honor  our  city  with  a  visit  sometime  during  August 
or  September  for  the  purpose  of having an  son  Day 
Celebration  here.  V/e  realize  thoroughly  that  we 
are  asking  a  great  deal  to  expect  you  to  give  any 
of  your  time  to  such  an  under  talcing,  hut  we  are 
absolutely  sincere  in  the  belief  that  you  will 
eniov  a  visit  to  Port  Huron,  the  scene  of  your 
boyhood  days,  and  we  will  do  everything  in  our  power 
to^make  your  stay  pleasant  and  thoroughly  agreeable , 
The  young  men  of  Port  Huron  are  at  the  helm  beie 
now  and  we  believe  you  would  be  interested  in  the 
changes  wrought  in  our  city.  Our  plans  for  the 
proposed  Edison  Day  oelflbration  are  elaborate  and 
farreaching,  as  we  propose  to  have  here,  if  wo  se. 
cure  your  consent,  some  of  the  best  known  men  in  the 
electrical  world,  many  of  whom  have  already  signi¬ 
fied  a  desire  to  be  present  at  uhe  time  you  honoi 
our  city  with  a  visit. 

We  will  leave  the  fixing  of  the  date 
ontirelv  at  your  convenience,  and  only  hope  v/e  may 
Have  ?he  pleasure  of  a  favorable  reply.  We  assure 
vou  all  the  people  of  Port  Huron  want  you  with  us 
for  at  least  a  day  and  that  we  will  all  feel  highly 
honored  by  your  presence. 

May  navb/ll, 

Ml-  i9, 

near  Sir: 

fhe  oitizens  of  Port  Huron  have  in  contemplation  the _ 

holding  of  an  industrial  and  Agricultural  Pair  during' the  owning 
fall  and  in  connection  therewith  propose  having  a "home  coming 
at  which  former  residents  will  be  urged  to  attend. 

We  are  especially  proud  of  your  wonderful  *ooord  of 
achievements  and  brilliant  attainments  and  to  know  that  at  one 
time  you  oalled  Port  Huron  your  home. 

we  would  particularly  be  pleased  if  you  could  find  it 

s;;rii"5iu  ssuvss 

exS  P*w®r  to  stay  i  of  «m>  »•««> 

you  may  decide,  pleasant  and  benifloial. 

we  are  in  hopes  that  the  Gove/ior  of  Michigan  and  other 
distinguished6 guest s^will  honor  us  wi'th  their  presence  on  the 
same  oooasion. 

Honing  to  receive  a  favorable  response  and  with  assurance 
of  our  highest  esteem  and  regard 

I  am  most  re speot fully  yours, 

i{ju^  v  2^. 

C*  ’• 

ill  5~ 



'  Uydf 

ryis&L  ~b>  nnr<P^  <*-  ^  ^ 

arya^t  <~firu  nr^y  Qr>i-u-cM, 

«^b  «-  U^z~  cuvf  o-*umV 

ajlfi  mAA  Hi^f-n  '*£jf 

rfyf  -zL.  SttLi*.  A-  -r^tf  ^  ^V. 

xh  fettA  eC 

czrt  ^4fr*rr 

i&f&fJz  i' 

W<&^-  ^Hrfu.  oJuvVfUby,  zt£j 

truv  jMxfc  auJ  l+U  *£a r  zt  Ok* y  ka^A**.  - 
■Dh  ‘  '  -  iJi  r^^^pJL  J 

<Yi/Uj  tyycsuJiJ^.  oe-y-a 

OHJty  <vm*<£  p^gk.  <6^0  /d-en^t.  cLxSuy  — 


jit.  <(■  I  ' 

<%.  /?/(, 


C-i-ff"3  ' 


■U&iii  August  21,  1911. 

Ur.  Harry  F.  Hiller: 

Referring  to  your  memorandum  on  the 
subject  of  §200.00  of  Hr.  Edison's  money  on  deposit  in 
laris,  undoubtedly  Brandon  Bros,  will  charge  something  for 
their  services  in  connection  with  the  matter,  but  I  will 
arrange  to  have  what  is  left  turned  over  to  tho  fund  for 
the  "Poor  of  Paris”,  as  Hr-  Edison  requests. 





Brandon  Brothers 

b?  '850  RB/EJhhofii 

Hr. Prank  L.Byer, 

Edison  Laboratory , 
Orange, ,H.J. 


Dear  Sir, 

Referring  to  your-s  of  the  12th  ult.  which  we  acknow- 
lea„4  on  th,  «W  It.  ••  ft  to  .ft.  that  ..  ft.  no. 
no.  Ur. Hiram  S.Haxlm  a  po««r  .xaont.d  by  him  for  th.  purpoa. 

„t  out  in  your  Uttar  to  «.  dated  th.  mh  Hay  laat.  He  no. 
trust  that  by  mean,  of  thi.  power  of  attorney  we  win  »•  *“• 
obtain  the  withdrawal  of  the  1°00  frano.  a.p.alt.d  by  Ur.Hdlaon 
on  August  18,1681. 

for  hi.  time,  fee..  a"4"1*1  “d  011  *' 

asked  £5,  which  we  have  sent  to  him. 

We  remain, 


Hew  York,  November  21,  I9II. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

West  Orange,  N.J. 

Mr  us 

Hy  dear  Sir;-  ^  1  • > 

Enclosed  you  will  flind  receipt  for  your  contbribption  to 
the:  Society,  Your  co-operation  is  greatly  appreciated  as  Saint 
Johnland  needs  support  in  the  many  improvements  that  are  being 
planned  for  the  welfare  of  the  entirre  Community. 

We  are  arranging  to  give  old  m  d  young  a  particularly/ 
happty  Holiday  time. 

Thanking  you  for  your  assistance,  I  an, 

Yours  very  truly. 


$1jj>  of  81  3olmlanii 

328  SIXTH  AVENUE  £ 

New  York,  ....: 


. ~ 

'"“central  trust  company 

f'i.J  THE  SOCIETY  Ol 

IPANY  ^*-16  j  /  !  p"  •" 


Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Chemicals  (E-11-30) 

This  folder  contains  a  letter  from  the  Hooker  Electrochemica  Co. 
seeking  information  about  chlorine  and  caustic  soda  along  with  a  letter 
pertaining  to  the  commercial  use  of  aluminum  phosphate. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 

Orange, Hew  Jersey. 


As  a  by-product  in  a  manufacturing  industry  we  are  con¬ 
templating  establishing  here^  We  will  have  a  large  quantity  of 
pure  aliminum  phosphate.  Has  this  substance  any  commercial  im¬ 
portance?  What  price  per  ton  would  it  bring  in  the  market?  <• 

Very  truly, 

- - 

Edison  General  File  Series 

1911.  Christmas  and  New  Year  Greetings  [not  selected]  (E-11-31) 

This  folder  contains  Christmas  and  New  Year  greetings  from  Edison  s 
family,  friends,  and  business  associates,  along  with  unsolicited 
correspondence  from  the  general  public. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Cigarettes  (E-11-32) 

This  folder  contains  two  letters  pertaining  to  the  harmful  effects  of 
tobacco  and  cigarettes,  along  with  Edison's  reply  in  the.  lotfr  os 

Also  included  is  a  letter  from  the  company  of  tobacco  industrialist  Sotinos 
Anargyros  regarding  two  promotional  packages  of  Mogul  Egyptian  cigarettes 
sent  to  Edison. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 


Mr.  Thos.A.iSdinon, 

Ofrange,  W..T. 

Dear  Sir;- 

We  take  great  pleasure  in  mail¬ 
ing  you  two  packages  of  yur  famous  ’MOGUL* 
Egyptian  Cigarettes. 

cigarett^|  has  the  approval 
:  the  connoisseur,  anOU  we  are,  therefore, 
desirous  of  inviting  y?ur  attention  to' the 
rare  blend  it  posse ssres,  and  the  exceptional 
satisfying  aroma,  which  we  feel  confident 
will  appeal  to  you,  as  a  discriminating 
smoker . 




,,1^-r f«  **cz21^  w.°UjJ- 

l>*' T\,/^'V*  v^alt  ralce  City’  Utah’  Novem0®^r^-911, 

erj^t^rougnly  -v. 

Yours  very  truly. 



Mr.  Thoa. 

West  Orange,'  1^ 

Tnl^^J^orl^kr^’nas  become  ^ 

established  among  tne  American  people  and  it  appears  tcTj 
aome  tnat  the  consumption  of  tobacco  is  very  rapidly  increas¬ 
ing.  Investigations  along  various  lines  seem  to  indicate 
tnat  tne  use  of  tobacco  is  injurious  to  tne  individual, 
uotn  pnysically  and  intellectually.  The  writer  at  tne  pre 
sent  time  is  undertaking  a  series  of  investigations  dealing 
witu  tnis  phase  of  tne  subject. 

I  an  writing  you  personally  to  ascertain  if  you 
nave  nad  any'  «pm-lenoe  which  will  aid  me  in  this  investi¬ 
gation.  You  nave  been  tnrown  in  contact  with  great  numbers 
of  men,  many  or  whom  were  smokers.  Has  anything  occurred 
in  your  experience  which  nas  given  you  any  well  defined 
opinions  in  regard  to  tne. deleterious  effect  following 
tne  use  or  t.ooacooV  A  snort  statement  from  you  of  sucn 
experience  would  be  very  greatly  appreciated. 

Anything  that  you  may  write  to  me  will  oe  neld 
as  purely  confidential  until  you  nave  given  me  permission 
to  use  it  puollcly. 

,  nlyo  ^  d 

l'J '«  -  1  J  4 


/ /Xh  Y  *xl({^'>  z.  a^u  <X7.  td>cli-**>-rt'  <1  Cl  Q  *v 

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c^y&cJzL-  o-?t-  c2<fr 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Clubs  and  Societies  (E-11-33) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
Edison's  membership  in,  and  activities  on  behalf  of,  social  clubs,  Professional 
societies,  political  groups,  and  civic  organizations.  The;e  ar®. a 
from  charitable  organizations,  including  at  least  one  intended  for_  his  wife 
Mina  Miller  Edison.  A  few  letters  concern  the  purchase  of  profess  onal I  and 
other  publications  for  Edison.  Among  the  documents  for  1 91 1  are  solicitations 
and  additional  correspondence  pertaining  to  the  American  Institute  of 
Electrical  Engineers,  the  Eugenics  Section  of  the  American  Breeders 
Association  and  the  Telephone  Pioneers  of  America.  Several  items  pertain 
to  Srf?  pfans  to  visit  Chicago  in  January  1912.  Many  of  the  letters  bear 
marginalia  by  Edison,  with  notations  such  as  "say  no  and  no  ans.  or 
comments  that  he  is  "too  busy"  to  participate. 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  selected:  requests  for 
Edison's  autograph  or  signature,  including  its  reproduction,  form  lettersand 
other  routine  correspondence  regarding  meetings  and  act'vit'es,  mvitations 
and  other  requests  that  Edison  either  declined  or  did  not  acknowledge, 
invitations  for  which  no  substantive  response  has  been  found, 
correspondence  from  organizations  in  which  Edison  was  not  im /ol> /e 
published  proceedings  and  printed  circulars;  and  duplicates.  Some  of  the 
unselected  items,  including  letters  about  cigarettes,  relate  to  material  in  other 
folders  in  the  Edison  General  File. 

.  A.  E.  13  I  SON 

32  WEST  40th  STREET 

New  York,  /an.  1st,  J9lt, 


To  The  Engineers’  Club  Dr. 

DUES  FROM  JANUARY  1st  1911  TO  JUNE  30th  1911.  $37.50 

y (-°  J 

[S'  U  X 

_ — — • 

Zo  Cbe  Engineers’  Club,  ®r. 


,^=-- _ _ 

House  Chargjs  to  date-? 

HOUSE  RULE  No.  ■- 

may  bo  practicable)  a  nolico  shall  be  sent  to  each  member 

the  last  day  ot  th  e  prccedlnR  monlh.  If  not  paid  on  orbelore 
the  twentieth  day  of  the  month  a  second  nolico  thereof  shall 
be  sent  him,  and  if  the  Indebtedness  be  not  discharged  by 
tile  first  of  the  following  month,  hie  natne^  (provided  such 

■'  1911 

_  t 


Dear  3ir;- 

A  largo  number  of  the  members  of  tlia  American  Institute  of 
Elaotrioal  Engineers  have  suggested  the  endorsement  of  Hr.  Ralph 
35.  Kershon  as  a  candidate  for  t!io  Presidency  of  the  Institute. 

Hr.  Hershon  has  worltea  earnestly  and  successfully  for  the 
Institito  for  a  number  of  years.  He  lias  unquestioned  professional 
ability  and,  if  elected,  can  be  depended  upon  to  fill  this  office 
efficiently  and  to  the  benefit  o£  the  organisation. 

"any  times,  the  friends  of  Hr.  Kershon  hare  graoiously  with¬ 
drawn  in  favor  of  some  other  candidate,  but  it  now  seems  fitting 
that  they  should  receive  recognition  to  urge  his  endorsement. 

I  have  been  aslced  to  serve  on  a  oomnittee  to  advooate  his 
nomination  and  election  and  we  invite  you  to  become  a  member  of  this 
Committee  and  trust  to  receive  your  acceptance. 

I  enolose  herewith  proposed  letter  t' 
of  the  Institite  in  regard  to  the  nominatio 
Kershon  to  tie  Pre3idonoy. 

I  am  also  sending  you  a  partial,  list  of  those  who  have  signi¬ 
fied  their  willingness  to  sorve  on  a  Oommittoo  to  advocate  the  elec¬ 
tion  of  :ir.  Kershon,  all  of  whom  will  probably  sign  this  letter. 

Will  you  please;- 

(a)  Promptly  sign  and  roturn  the  enclosed  let. or 

to  Mr.  Henry  1.  Doherty  in  stamped  envelope 
attached,  hereto. 

(b)  Refresh  your  memory  by  Glxnains  over  ~oar 

3? oh  of  the  Institute  and.  send  Hr.  Doherty  a 
list  of  auoh  names  of  othoro  who  should  be 
invited  to  co-operate  with  ua. 

Very  truly  yours. 

p.3.  You  will 
COiiiraittoe,  on 

ote  it  is  proposed  to  send  out  the  letter,  signed  by  the 
rnary  5th  anl  hence  a  prompt  response  will  be  greatly 


To  the  Members  and  Associates  of  the 

(American  Institute  of  Electrical  Engineers : 

The  undersigned  ask  that  you  support  Mr.  Ralph  D.  Mershon  for  the 
next  President  of  the  Institute. 

As  to  Mr.  Mershon's  fitness  for  this  office  there  can  be  no  question, 
either  on  the  score  of  his  standing  as  an  engineer  or  on  that  of  his  activity  in 
Institute  work. 

His  work  as  an  engineer  has  made  him  known  abroad  as  well  as  in  this 

His  effective  work  for  the  Institute  has  extended  over  many  years. 
Besides  serving  as  Vice-President  and  a  Manager  of  the  Institute,  he  has 
served  on  many  of  the  committees.  For  many  years  he  was  Chairman  of  the 
High  Tension  Transmission  Committee,  having,  as  the  first  Chairman,  had 
largely  to  do  with  the  creation  of  the  work  of  this  important  committee,  the 
success  of  which  has  led  to  the  further  adoption  of  the  Special  Committee 
Method  of  carrying  on  the  work  of  the  Institute. 

The  Institute  nomination  blanks  are  sent  out  the  first  week  in  February, 
and  the  election  ballots  the  latter  part  of  March.  We  hope  you  will  not  fail  to 
fill  in  (as  they  reach  you)  both  the  nomination  blank  and  the  official  ballot  with 
the  name  of  Mr.  Mershon  for  the  office  of  President. 

(Signature) . 

New  York,  January  5th,  1911. 


A  partial  list  of  those  who  have  signified  their  willingness  to  advocate 
Mr.  Mershon  for  the  office  of  president  of  the  A.  I.  E.  E. 

Abadie,  Eugene  II. 
Abell,  Harry  C. 

Adams,  B.  C. 

Adams,  Comfort  A. 
Atkins,  Charles  G. 

Auel,  Carl  B. 

Ayer,  James  I. 

Babcock,  Allen  II. 
Barton,  Philip  P, 

Beal,  Thaddcus  R. 
Beebe,  Murray  C. 
Bchrcnd,  Bernard  A. 
Belfield,  Reginald 
Benoliel,  Sol.  D. 
Bibbins,  James  R. 
Bissing,  William  F. 
Blizard,  Charles 
Blunt,  William  W. 
BrinckerhofI,  Henry  M. 
Bump,  M.  R. 

Cargo,  Lawrence  M. 
Cheever,  Markham 
Collyer,  Alfred 
Converse,  V.  G. 

Coster,  Maurice 
Dean,  William  F. 
Doherty,  Henry  L. 
Drake,  David  E. 

Duff,  William  A. 
Duncan,  Dr.  Louis 
Dusinberre,  George  B. 
Eglin,  W.  C.  L. 

Feicht,  Russell  S. 
Fisher,  Henry  W. 

Floy,  Henry 
Ford,  Arthur  II. 
Franklin,  W.  S. 

Fraser,  James  W. 
Gerry,  M.  H.,  Jr. 

Gibbs,  George 
Goddard,  Walter  T. 
Goldsborough,  W.  E. 
Gossler,  Philip  G. 
Harisberger,  John 
Harper,  John  L. 
Hartman,  Herbert  T. 
Hartwell,  Arthur 
Hewitt,  Peter  Cooper 
Hill,  E.  R. 

Hubley,  George  W. 
Humphrey,  Clifford  W. 
Humphrey,  Henry  H. 
Hunt,  Andrew  M. 
Hunt,  Charles  W. 
Hutchinson,  Cary  T. 
Jones,  P.  N. 
Karapetoff,  Vladimir 
Keilholtz,  P.  0. 

Keller,  E.  E. 

Kelly,  John  F. 
Lacombe,  Charles  F. 
Langan,  John 
Langton,  John 
Lardner,  Henry  A. 

Lee,  William  S. 
Lincoln,  P.  M. 

Love  joy,  J.  R. 

Lyford,  Oliver  S.,  Jr. 
Mover,  William,  Jr. 
MacLaren,  Malcolm 
Magin,  Louis  B. 
McPherson,  Norman  C. 
Merrill,  E.  A. 

Mix,  Edgar  W. 

Moore,  D.  McFarlan 
Muller,  Henry  Nikola 
Muralt,  Carl  L.  De 
Murray,  William  S. 
Musil,  Louis  F. 

Myler,  Paul  J. 

Neall,  Newitt  J. 

Nesbit,  William 
Nicholson,  Lloyd  C. 
Nicholson,  S.  L. 

Nunn,  Paul  N. 
Osborne,  Loyall  A. 
Paine,  F.  B.  H. 

Parker,  John  C. 
Patchcll,  William  II. 
Peck,  John  S. 

Pender,  Harold 
Pick,  Stefaan 
Poole,  Cecil 
Potter,  Henry  N. 
Putnam,  H.  St.  Clair 
Powell,  Charles  S. 
Pupin,  Michael  I. 
Randall,  Karl  C. 

Rau,  Otto  Martin 
Raymond,  Edward  B. 
Reed,  Robert  R. 

Reed,  William  E. 
Rhodes,  George  I. 
Richardson,  Robert  E. 
Robb,  Wm.  Lispenard 
Roberts,  E.  P. 

Rosa,  Edward  B. 
Rugg,  Walter  S. 
Ryan,  Harris  J. 
Ryerson,  William  N. 
Sachs,  Joseph 
Sanderson,  Edwin  N. 
Sawtelle,  Edmund  M. 
Schefllcr,  Fredk.  A. 
Schmidt,  Albert 
Scott,  Charles  F. 
Sethman,  George  H. 
Sever,  George  F. 
Shute,  Henry  D. 
Skinner,  Charles  E. 
Smith,  Julian  C. 
Sothman,  Peter  W. 
Sprague,  Frank  J. 

St  George,  Harry  L. 
Stillwell,  Lewis  B. 
Storer,  Simon  B. 
Tamlyn,  Walter  I. 
Thomas,  Percy  PL 
Uhlehaut,  Fritz,  Jr. 
Uptegraff,  Walter  D. 
Vankirk,  Edward  P. 
Waddell,  Charles  E. 
Walls,  John  A. 
Waterman,  F.  N. 
Waters,  William  L. 
Westinghouse,  George 
Whitehead,  J.  B. 
Wilson,  Hugh  PI. 
Winship,  Walter  E. 
Witherby,  Edwin  E. 
Wood,  Benjamin  F. 
Woodmansee,  Fay 
Work,  William  R. 
Wurtz,  Alexander  J. 
Young,  C.  Griffith 
Young,  Charles  I. 

The  Charity  Organization  Society 

January  9th,  1911. 

iir.  Thomas  A.  ftdison, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Ivlay  I  thank  you  for  your  gift  of  3 10.  for  the 
general  work  of  the  Charity  Organisation  Society.  It  is 
with  regret  that  I  note  that  you  have  found  it  necessary  to 
decrease  your  contribution  of  $20.  made  last  year.  Your  con¬ 
tinued  interest  is  thoroughly  appreciated  and  your  contribu¬ 
tion  will  be  of  real  help  in  the  work. 

Please  do  not  hesitate  to  call  upon  us  whenever  we 
can  be  of  any  assistance  to  you  in  charitable  work. 

Yours  sincerely, 

\J'  Secretary,  finance  Committee* 



January  13,  1911. 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  II.  J. 

Dear  Sir; 

in  reply  to  your  letter  of  the  4th  inst., 
your  election  by  the  Board  of  Management  to  honorary 
membership  in  the  Engineers'  Club  nullifies  action  oj 
your  request,  and  I  therefore  return  herewith  your 
original  letter . 

Allow  me,  at  this  time,  to  express  my 
individual  congratulations  for  the  honor'  that  has 
been  conferred  upon  you.  I  hope  to  see  you 

at  the  Club  House  sometime  in  the  near  future  and 
have  the  opportunity  to  repeat  my  sentiments  in 

yours  sincerely. 

January  13,  1911. 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

It  is  my  great  pleasure  to  inform  you 
officially  of  the  following  action  of  the  Board 
of  Management  of  the  Engineers’  Cluh  at  a  regular 
meeting  held  January  11,  1911- 

In  consideration  of  high  attainment  in  the 
development  of  the  application  of  electricity 
for  the  use  of  man  and  the  great  good  thereby 
accomplished  for  the  comfort,  convenience  and 
betterment  of  the  human  race,  it  was 

To  elect  Thomas  A.  Edison  an  honorary  member 
of  the  Engineers’  Club. 

Beapectfully  yours. 



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***  _ ■  incorporated - - 






Nineteen -Eleven. 

Mr.  Harry  P.  Miller', 

Edison  Portland*  Cement  Co., 

Orange,  H.J. 

D0ar  Slr'  The  Trustees  of  this  association  have  appointed 
„  mmnbor  of  the  investigation  &  Prosedution  Committee 
“  ”“oa  >,olow’  *‘0r  5 
year*  A  meeting  of  the  committee  will  ^  oallod  hy  the 

chairman  very  shortly. 

Respectfully  you r c > 


DIC.  J.7. 

Ur.  Prndoric  P.  Crane,  Chairman. 
Mr.  Adolph  C.  Havatior, 

.Mr.  Richard  H.  Young, 

Mr.  Charles  P.  Dodd. 




Peb.  7,  1911. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:  .{?"  „  * 

Thank  y9u,  on  behalf  of  our  blind  wards  and  this 
Association,  for  your  welcome  contribution,  for  which  please  find 
enclosed  the  Treasurer's  receipt. 

Your  continued  interest  in  our  activities  is  a  great  help  and 
an  incentive  for  increased  effort. 

We  earnestly  hope  that  you  will  be  able  to  take  time  to  visit 
the  Lighthouse  with  your  friends  to  learn  just  what  our  light-giving 
work  means  to  the  blind. 

We  are  eager  to  have  our  friends  realize  that  one  of  our  most 
useful  services  is  acting  as  a  Bureau  of  Information  to  the  blind 
and  the  seeing  concerning  the  horizon  open  to  those  who  have  lost 
their  sight.  Tor  this  purpose  we  have  an  exhibition  of  objects, 
showing  the  emancipation  of  the  blind  which  includes  tools,  -writing 
appliances  for  them  and  articles,  including  statues  and  cutlery, 
which  they  have  made.  This  little  exhibition,  with  our  blind  weav¬ 
ers  and  stenographers,  does  not  fail  to  interest  our  visitors, 
among  whom  we  hope  to  have  the  pleasure  of  welcoming  you. 

Very  truly  ^yours, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 

Llewellyn  Park, 

Orange  ,  II .  J. 



<du Vs 


Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Ilenlo  Parle,  11 .  J . 

Bear  Sir 

,i0.  Feb  .  11th,  1911. 

-  it-  4>Af« 

I  take  the  liberty  of  senkng  ( und e Ararat e 

cover)  a  typewritten  article  relating  to  "A  HEEDED  IMPHOFgMEKT  IE 
'nr^  CFFICE".  I  an  prompted  to  send  it  to  you  upon  hear¬ 
ing  of  the  existence  of  the  IIT^jITO?' ’ 
recently  formed,  and  that.l^A^k  Dot  lowing  the 
^  address  or  headquarters  of  the  Guild.  X  ^  it  to  you. 

A  perusal  of  the  paper  will  sho^-I  think,  that  I 
have  made  a  conscientious  effort  to  improve  the  Patent  System. 

Uo  one  knows  better  than  I  do  how  much  it  needs  it  .  I  also  know 
that  little  will  be  done,  unless  we  inventors  do  it  ourselves. 

One  who  has  actually  served  in  the  Patent  Office  and  observed 
the  conditions  from  the  inside  can  see  why.  This  X  nave  done. 
History  shows  that  those  who  want  justice  havo  to  go  after  it. 

If  the  paper  is  of  no  interest  to  you,  or  the  Guild, 
kindly  return  it  with  the  enclosed  postage.  X  would  like  to  know 
whether  the  Guild  would  be  interested  in  other  articles  touching 
upon  othor  features  of  the  Patent  business,  from  an  inventor's 
standpoint .  I  havo  many  other  notes  filed  away  awaiting  the  writ¬ 
ing  up. 

Hy  object  in  writing  the  article,  was  primarily  to 
improve  the  patent  system,  and  thus  benefit  inventors,  inoidently 



TAE-2 . 

receiving  my  share  of  the  benefit  .  Other  objects  77ere  to 
receive  whatever  credit  may  come  from  it .  With  both  these 
objects  in  view  I  am  sending  it  on  to  you. 


The  Eugenics  Section  of  the  American  breeders' 
Association  is  striving  to  determine  the  laws  of  the  inherit¬ 
ance  of  human  characteristics.  Accordingly,  this  office  i3 
collecting  for  such  scientific  study  data  concerning  the 
inheritance  of  mental  and  physical  traits  in  the  families  of 
scientific  and  professional  men.  Wo  desire  to  have  a  record 
of  your  family  traits;  your  cooperation  will  he  appreciated. 

To  facilitate  the  inquiry,  we  have  prepared  a  form 
entitled  "Family  Records"  with  spaovea  for  the  desired  data; 
information  on  a’oout  thirty-five  points  for  each  person  is 
ashed  for.  If  desired,  a  duplicate  form  nun  he  sent  tc  he 
retained  fer  your  own  use. 

It  is  understood  that  this  data  is  wanted  solely  for 
scientific  study  and  will,  when  received,  be  kept  strictly 
confidential  -  no  names  will  he  published. 

If  you  are  willing  to  cooperate,  please  mail  us  the 
enclosed  postcard. 

Enclosure . 


•espeotfuXly  ^yours , 

Superintendent . 




Mr.  H.  F.  Miller,  Sec'y, 

for  Mr.  Thoe.  A.  Edisi 
Orange,  N.  J. 

March  1,  1911. 

My  dear  Sir: 

As  per  your  request,  we  are  sending  by 
today's  mail  four  Family  Records  and  sincerely  hope 
that  Mr.  Edison  will  find  time  to  fill  out  the 
blanh  detailing  the  family  distribution  of  the  traitB 
called  for  among  his  ancectry. 

Inasmuch  as  this  office  seeks  to  discover 
the  laws  governing  the  inheritance  of  such  traits,  we 
also  greatly  desire  that  a  second  Family  Record,  in 
which  Mrs.  Edison  shall  appear  as  one  of  the  children, 
shall  be  made  out. 

This  work  is  progressing  very  satisfactorily; 

many  interesting  family  histories  are  being  forwarded 
us  for  analysis. 





Mar.  20,  1911. 

6s wi/i-eL.  fO> 


von  the  subject 
;■  opponent  being 
Leal  Frocdom," 

-)  a  portion  of 



(4  &4rt,  » 

Hon.  Thomas  A.  T.dison, 

Orango ,  Nov;  Jersey., 
i.iy  dear  Ur.  F.dison: 

In  a  recent  debate,  in  which  X  was  a  participant, 
of  a  proposed  National  Department  or  Bureau  of  Health, 
the  local  representative  of  "The  National  League  for  Helical  Freedom," 

I  quoted  from  the  Congressional  Record  (Vol. 

Senator  Robert  L.  Owen's  speech  in  which  your  name  in  mentioned. 

In  his  speech,  Mr.  Owen  makes  mention  of  the  fact  that  the  members 
of  the  Committee  of  One  Hundred  of  the  American  Association  for  the  Ad¬ 
vancement  of  Science  on  National  Health  endorsed  such  proposed  National 
Department  of  Health  in  this  language— 

"Believing  a  vigorous,  healthy  population  to  bn  our  greatest  nat¬ 
ional  asset,  and  that  the  growth,  power,  and  prosperity  of  the  country 
depends  primarily  upon  the  physical  welfare  of  its  people  and  upon  their 
protection  from  preventable  pestilences  of  both  foreign  and  domestic  or¬ 
igin  and  from  all  other  preventable  causes  of  disease  and  death,  includ¬ 
ing  the  sanitary  supervision  of  factories,  mines,  tenements,  child  labor, 
and  other  places  and  conditions  of  public  employment  or  occupation  in¬ 
volving  health  and  life,  we  advocate  the  organisation  of  all  existing 
national  public  health  agencies  into  a  national  department  o_f  jmblic 
health,  with  such  powers  and  duties  as  will  give  the  Federal  government 
control  over  public-health  interests  not  conserved  by  and  belonging  to 


the  States  respectively." 

I„  the  membership  list  or  the  Committee  of  One  Hundred,  your  name 
is  mentioned  thus: 

"Thomas  A.  Kdison,  inventor  electric  light,  phonograph.  etc.  Orange. 
II.  J." 

In  the  debate  my  opponent  took  occasion  to  inform  me  that  when  you 
learned  "the  real  nature"  of  the  proposed  national  health  legislation 
you  withdrew  your  name  from  such  endorsement,  hut  I  could  not  crodU  it. 
•lay  X  ask  you  for  your  statement  as  to  the  truth  in  the  matter,  that  eith¬ 
er  he  may  he  corrected  or  that  I  may  cease  to  quote  you  as  I  have? 

Trusting  the  lengthy  queries  and  remarks  may  not  prove  a  source  of 
annoyance  to  you,  I  have  the  honor  to  he, 

Host  sincerely  yours, 

•3  •  I  ■ 


Snbentors  &utUi 

Hew  York,  Maroh  28,  1911. 
Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  t/V^ 

Llewellyn  Park,  Hew  Jersey.  M/  ^ 


It  is  with  great  regret  that  I  have  to  inform  yon 
of  the  death  on  the  27th  inst.  of  Mr.  Charles  Wallaoe  Hunt, 
Vioe  President  of  the  Inventors  3nild.  The  funeral  will  he 
held  at  11  o'olook  on  Thursday  morning  at  the  Choroh  of  the 
Asoension,  Hew  Britton.  Eleotrio  cars  will  meet  the  Staten 
Island  boat  leaving  South  Perry  at  10  a.  m.  It  is  hoped  that 
as  many  members  of  the  Suild  as  possible  will  attend. 

It  has  been  decided  that  on  acoount  of  Mr.  Hunt’s 
death,  the  regular  monthly  dinner,  whioh  was  to  have  been  held 
on  this  Friday  evening,  and  of  whioh  yon  have  already  received 
a  notice,  will  be  omitted. 


©jp*  IDorJi’a  lag  Alliance  of  (Hanalm. 



Toronto,  April  22na 

Mr.  Thomas  A. 

Dear  Sir:- 

.  J. 

\3<*  ^  1 

;Kg  you  with  rospeot 

I  take  the  liberty  of  wr\ting  you  with 
to  report  I  hove  seen  m  *be  P”'*1”  r”ss  *° 

the  nonufoetur.  of  de.ont.  1»  P-  l"*.—1'  “  ^“1W 

labor  1.  oil  that  Is  essential  for  the  safeguarding  of  the 
foroeoes.  I  regret  that  I  hoe.  not  the  .roe.  report  els. 

...oil  It  ilrestlP  “  *»•  ’»*  «  1  “*  “ 

ln  0„  ,,ori  „  bore  bad  to  give  thi.  boslnes.  sp.oi.l  attention, 
lf  roo  would  be  good  e..ngh  to’ write  ..  your  views  os  tbo, 
bore  been  ..pressed  in  eonneetlon  with  tbl.  os  for  os 

Sunday  Labor  is  concerned. 

Trusting  I  am  not  imposing.  I  am, 

Yours  very  truly , 

Jicceitteit  ft'owi  tBtymmw  <A.  ^Sittsoit 

'new  jersey  association  for  the  prevention  and 


Newark , 

/  May  8,  1911 . 19 

lira.  Thomas  Edison, 
Llewellyn  Park, 

Seat  Orange,  H.J. 

Dear  Madam;  - 

The  Association  has  just  closed 
its  fifth  year,  during  which  time,  according 
to  the  Bureau  of  Vital  Statistics, .  . 
have  heen  1210  less  deaths  from  tuberculosis, 
in  addition  717  hospital  beds  have  been 
provided  for  the  tuberculous  sick;  laws 
have  been  enacted,  governing  the  control 
of  tuberculosis;  which  places  New  Jersey  ir 
the  foremost  rank  among  the  States;  and  there, 
have  been  organized  33  local  as sociations,  many 
of  which  are  doing  much  to  protect  and  educate 
?heir  communities'  by  lectures,  literature, 
exhibits,  nurses,  day  canps,  and  out  door< 
schools . 

We  need  $1,000  to  complete  our 
budget  to  November  first.  Will  you  not 
contribute  $25.00,  making  your  check  Payable 
to  Thomas  H.  Williams,  Treasurer,  Room  909, 
164  Market  St.,  Newark,  N.J.? 


f  1° 


Your b  very  truly, 


Executive  Secretary. 


vrite  to  the  Secretary  of  the  Admissions  Committee  requesting  him  to  do  so 
with  your  name.  There  is  a  long  waiting  list  hut  it  is  the  practice  of  the 
Club  to  give  priority  to  the  incoming  presidents  of  the  national  engineering 
societies, if  up  for  membership,  and  it  is  naturally  desirable  that  Mr.  Dunn 
should  be  able  to  enjoy  all  the  facilities  of  the  Club  in  connection  with 
his  new  work  immediately  after  the  summer. 

Thanking  you  for  your  kind  oo-operation,  believe  me, 

Yours  truly,  J. - 


The  Automobile  Clu  b  of  America 

THOLIiS  A*  EDISON,  3S4. , 
llewellyn  Park, 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

May  22,  19X1. 

Dear  Sir: 

I  have  the  honor  to  hand  you 
herewith  your  membership  card  for  the 
year  1911,  as  an  Honorary  Member  of  The 
Automobile  Club  of  America. 



Yours  very  truly, 

CXuV)  V  /  ", 

Automobile  Club 
? ‘  of  America 

^ _ 

Honorary  Member  qf  The  Automobile 

Home  Educational  Society 

Fifth  avenue  building 
NEW  York 


“r*  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

West  Ornnge,  “•  J. 

Dear  Sirs 

A  few  days  ago  v/e  took  the  liberty  of  writinr  you,  re¬ 
questing  you  if  you  would  be  so  kind  as  to  favor  us  with 
some  article  that  you  had  perhaps  written  or  copy  of  some 
address  which  would  more  or  less  be  of  general  interest  to 
home  people,  particularly  on  the  subject  of  olootrioity  in 
the  home* 

We  wish  to  use  this  article  in  our  book,  "Hints  for 
The  Home",  to  which  we  have  many  noted  contributors,  in¬ 
cluding  Pres*  Emeritus  Eliot  of  Harvard,  Hon.  John  Wana- 
maker,  Hon.  Nathan  Straus,  Dr»  Harvey  Wiley,  and  many  others 

Any  article  that  you  may  have  which  has  been  published 
you  can  call  our  attention  to  it,  and  we  will  get  the  per¬ 
mission  of  the  publishers*  Vie  would  appreciate  very  much 
your  kind  attention,  and  will  toko  great  pleasure  in  call¬ 
ing  on  you  in  reforenoe  to  it,  if  you  wish  us  to  make  a 
personal  call  and  give  you  any  further  information. 




f  * 



Dear  Mr  Edison: 

Committee  on  Membership,  Essex  County  country  Club, 
written  in  behalf  of  Rev  William  Albert  Frye,  pastor 
of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church  of  orange,  is  self- 
oxplanatcry . 

X  have  met  Dr  Frye  several  times  recently, 
once  when  calling  on  ray  father-in-law  Bishop  Bowman’,'  and 
learned  that  he  was  quite  interested  in  golf  and  would 
HKe  to  be  granted  the  privileges  of  membership  in  the 
Essex  county  country  Club  under  the  rule  covering  the 
extension  thereof  to  clergymen  resident  of  Essex  county. 

Hope  it  may  be  agreeable  to  you  to  write 
a  letter  to  the  Committee  on  Membership  endorsing  the 
proposition  I  have  made, 

ThanKing  you  in  advance  for  the  courtesy, 

I  remain. 


Mr  Thomas  A  Edison, 

Llewellyn  Parle,  orange,  N.J. 




Traffic  HEpartmBn1, 

Wast  Street  Building—1 50  West  Street, 

New  York  City,  g 

July  5th,  1911 

Committee  on  Membership, 

Essex  county  country  Club, 
west  orange,  n.  J. 


in  aocordanoe  with  Article  Three  of  the  Constitution 
which  provides  that  members  of  the  Clergy,  resident  In  the  county 
of  Essex,  may  qualify  as,  and  be  members  of  the  Club,  without  pay¬ 
ment  of  initiation  fee  and  dues,  upon  election  In  the  same  manner 
as  resident  members,  beg  to  nominate  for  membership.  Rev  William 
Albert  Frye,  Pastor  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church  of  orange. 

NJ,  looated  on  the  corner  of  ParK  Avenue  and  Day  street. 

Dr  Frye  is  a  clergyman  of  recognized  character  and 
ability  and  would  be  glad  to  have  the  privileges  of  the  Club,  par¬ 
ticularly  with  respect  to  the  golf  course,  In  which  game  he  Is 
much  interested. 

As  Dr  Frye  is  Hr^ Edison's  pastor  I  have  written  Mr 
Edison  asking  him  If  he  would  not  be  good  enough  to  write  you  a 
letter  as  endorser,  in  accordance  with  the  requirements. 

Article  Three  also  provides  that  special  privileges 
may  be  extended  to  non-members  by  the  Board  of  Governors  and,  with 
this  in  view,  am  asking  If  it  would  be  consistent,  pending  the 
taking  of  aotion  extending  the  privileges  of  membership  to  Dr  Fiye  , 
for  him  to  be  my  guest  on  the  golf  course,  with  the  understanding 
that  each  time  he  played  proper  oard  would  bo  signed  and  charged  to 



«y  account.  Am  maKlng  this  suggestion  for  the  reason  that  I  am 
assuming  it  may  taKe  some  time  for  the  Board  to  act  upon  the  main 
question  and  as  Dr  Frye  will  probably  do  most  of  his  playing 
during  the  intermediate  days  of  the  weeK,  at  which  time  I  will  be 
unable  to  be  with  him,  am  hoping  arrangement  can  be  made  so  he  car 
during  such  interim,  have  the  privilege  of  playing  as  my  guest 
without  the  enforcement  of  the  ordinary  requirement  of  my 
accompanying  him. 

would  appreciate  advice  from  you  as  to  the 
extent  to  which  it  may  be  consistent  and  agreeable  to  comply 
with  the  within  request. 


.  Ci*  .  C/oL\sQ^iyv\i 


rtuui i ^  -y  ^ stL cJr 

(bustt-u  i.  b-l-i  ('  (yt uy(r  'I -A  Cuv^  CA^,  J-c ui 
jlX/l.&ZLo[  --J  01  V  ‘  An/J  QuC,CsL<>\s^''C*X'UtT'-  ■ 
sl-yUst-t  'd-0\,  fj  IhtXir'L- 

j /"^A-CO  . 







>v  ; 


Ct^A  ^  v 



?dl)  ■ 

The  Telephone  Pioneers  of  America 


j  dear  Edison, 

New  York  op- 

WV  A* 

^  A  - 

“'a.  $  gF 


Your  absenoe  in  Europe  has  prevented  my 
writing  you  before  this  with  regard  to  the  organization 
o-p  the  Telephone  Pioneers,  whioh  X  am  interested  in 
promoting.  X  am  very  anxious  that  you  should  become  a 
member  and  have  your  name  insoribed  upon  the  rolls. 

We  have  about  450  names  of  those  dating  previous 
to  1890,  vthioh  is  the  line  drawn  on  the  Pioneer  situation 
all  coming  in  the  service  thereafter  being  classed  as 
"Junior  Pioneers". 

I  enolose  the  ordinary  form  of  invitation  to  join 
and  also  a  notice  with  regard  to  the  first  meeting  whioh 
is  to  be  held  at  the  Somerset  Hotel,  Boston,  November 
2nd  and  3rd.  The  banquet  is  to  be  on  the  night  of  the 
3rd,  and  is  to  be  of  the  Gridiron  character  -  with  plenty 
of  ginger. 

I  also  enolose  one  of  the  usual  Memorial  notices 
that  we  send  out  at  the  death  of  members.  By  the  way, 
this  one  is  of  one  of  our  old  associates,  Billy  Sargent, 
whom  you  will  probably  recall. 

i  could  arrange  to  be  present  at 
me  hear  from  you. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  j  ’  V 

My  dear  Sir: 

On  behalf  of  the  international  Committee  for  the 
1912  Congress  on  Aooident  Prevention  to  he  held  in  Milan,  the 
American  Husemji  of  Safety  has  been  appointed  ^tative 

for  the  United  States  to  organize  an  Honorary  and  a  National 

The  Honorary  Committee  is  limited,  to  sixteen.  By 
the  enolosed  proof  you  will  note  the  eminent  character  of  the 
Statesmen,  Governmental  officials,  and  Industrialists,  °°®“ 
prising  the  Prenoh  and  Italian  Committees.  Similar  groups  are 
organizing  in  Germany,  England  and  Belgium. 

On  behalf  of  the  International  Committee,  we 
cordially  invite  you  to  membership  on  the  American  Honorary 
Committee  which  will  represent  great  Amerioan  industries  and  men 
of  influenoe. 

For  Iron  and  Steel,  Judge  Gary  has  accepted  also 
James  Soever.  By  this  same  mail,  invitations  are  going  forward 

to  President  MoCrea  of  the  PennsylvaniaRaHroad.AndrewCarnegie, 
J.  P.  Morgan,  Cyrus  MoCormiok,  H.  C.  Eriok,  Seth  how,  Jaoob  H. 
Sohiff,  Secretary  Nagel  and  the  President  of  the  United  States. 

Trusting  that  yon  will  oonsent  to  be  a  member  of  this 
distinguished  group,  I  am,  on  behalf  of  my  colleagues. 

Very  sinoerely  yours. 

U+-  '/  M  C'A' 

First  National  Exchange  B  ank 

November  22nd. ,1911 

Thos.  A.  Ediuon:- 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey* 

Dear  Sir:-  .  MV  2-1  ■.  ■ 

Beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  letter  enclosing 
check  for  §100.00,  donation  to  the  Y.  U.  0.  A.  of  this  city. 
We  wish  to  thank  you  very  kindly  for  this  remittance  and 
assure  you  that  it  is  greatly  appreciated  by  the  members 
of  the  association  of  this  city  and  also  the  citizens. 

Yours  ve^y  truly 

We  always  have  prominent  people  at  our  ^nqueta 


Please  do  not 
tlon,  and  I  will  he  very 
to  he  here, to  visit  you 

decline  this 
glad,  if  you 
at  Orange  to 

wi thout 
can  see 

due  con3idera- 
your  way  clear 
the  details. 

we  are  hoping  that  Mr.  Coffin  will  he  here 
and  if  so  1  know  that  he  would  he  delighted  to  come  with 
you  on  the  car. 

I  believe  that  our  organization  in  its  wide  ex¬ 
tent  and  universality  of  its  operations  in  all  classes 
of  electrical  work  represents  at  least  as  good  an  assem¬ 
blage  of  thoughtful,  hard-working  young  men  as  any  organ¬ 
ization  in  the  country,  and  I  have  no  doubt  that  in  years 
to  come  when  you  and  the  rest  of  us  have  finished  our 
oareers  that  some  of  the  young  men  of  this  organization 
will  be  measurably  taking  the  places  left  vacant  by  we 
older  ones. 

On  behalf  of  my  organization  I  extend  to  you 
this  invitation  and  add  to  i t  the  very  earnest  good  wishes 
of  insull,  Huey  and  myself. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Llewellyn  Park, 
Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

November  28,  1911. 

A.  B..  Hepburn 


dltc  JStoirmt  $&st wit  $L®xaasfc»  ^ssxwmimt 

The  National  Arts  Club,  14  Gramercy  Park 

New  York  City, . November' -39 

ivSmilhBy  JelUlR 

Joseph  Edgar  Chamberlain 
John  Barrett 

Col.  David  LBralnard.U.S.A. 


Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 
Llewellyn  Park, 

Orange,  N.  J 

Lmi  Mansfield  Ugden 

|u-‘C. — -r-c  ‘rr^:  > 


,2iils.T  JlUfvn,. 

1  vour  presenoe  at  L 

6  to  inquire  whethe 

Lear  Mr.  Edison: 

I  write^tcTinquire  wnepner  you  uuuj.u  v 

the  Modern  Historic  Reoordsy.aooiation  with  your  .presence  at ^ ^  . 
their  meeting  on  Saturday,  December  9,  at__aleht_Jh.  do  ck  in  |  , 

theevening,eto  be  held  at  the  National  Arts  Club.  _  Mid 

I  have  the  honor  to  oe  one  oj.  wio 

+vh«  association,  whose  object  is  to  preserve  permanent  ? 

records  not  only  of  personalities  by  means  of  illustration,  _c.<rvtA*<d 
£ut  of  the  human  voice  as  well,  these  records  to  be  put  away  _  B 

•Tnr  periods  of  fifty  or  one  hundred  years  or  more,  and  tnen 
exhibited  for  their  historical  value  to  the  people  of  the  T 

future  Thus  future  generations  will  be  given  an  opportunity  «j 
to  kn"v  how  celebrated  characters  of  our  own  day  looked  ^  ^ 

spoke,  and  moved  about. 

,  We  should  be  pleased  to  have  your  views  of 


/  tvip  enclosed  letter,  a  coijy  of  which  was  sent  you  yesterday,  J 

y  .“-zss  y 

Trusting  you  will  find  it  feasible  to  grant  / 
our  request,  and  appreciating  your  courtesy  should  you  decide 
to  attend,  I  remain,  believe  me, 


401  Fifth  Ave.,  Nev;  York. 
November  29,  1911. 

A.  F.  Miller-Esq., 

Secretary  to  ThomaB  A.  Edison  Esq., 

The  laboratory,  Llewellyn  Park, 

Orange,  N.  T. 

Dear  Mr.  Miller: 

As  per  your  courteous  request,  I  am  sending  a 
letter  to  Mr.  Edison,  which  I  shall  be  pleased  to  have  you 
present,  and  reoeive,  possibly,  a  favorable  answer  from  him. 

I  may  add  that  the  present  time  marks  an  era  in  the  preserv¬ 
ation  of  historic  records,  and  I  am  sure  no  industries  more 
than  those  of  Mr.  Edison  will  profit  to  a  greater  extent 
if  our  present  project  materializes. 

Thanking  you  for  your  courtesy  I  remain,  believe  me, 
Very  sinoerely  yours, 

-S  •  3A  .  "A  - 

-fcfct  |l^£g  'tw<Vo  J ' 



00  PY. 

"{  Hovember  28,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Mia  on, 

Llawollyn  Park, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

By  the  authority  of  our  Board  of  Directors,  among  whom  la 
Dr.  George  F.  Kuna,  with  whom  X  am  communicating  on  the  subject,  I 
wish  to  ask  you  if  you  will  consent  to  the  private  exhibition  or  dem¬ 
onstration  of  some  of  the  combination  moving- picture  and  phonograph 
records  your  company  has  recently  taken  of  President  Taft.  The  dem¬ 
onstration  desired  would  take  place  at  the  first  mooting  of  the  Mod¬ 
em  Historic  Records  Association,  to  be  held  on  the  evening  of  Satur¬ 
day,  Dooember  9th,  in  the  rooms  of  the  national  Arts  Club  in  Gramercy 
Park.  There  will  be  present  only  a  small  audience,  chiefly  composed 
of  a  certain  number  of  our  incorporators,  who,  03  you  will  see,  include 
some  of  the  most  distinguished  men  in  new  York.  Our  purpose  in 

making  the  request  is  simply  to  provide  an  impressive  demonstration  of 
the  methods  whidh  the  Association  purposes  to  ompldy  in  obtaining  re¬ 
cords  through  the  medium  of  the  phonograph  and  the  photographic  plate, 
to  he  preserved  for  the  enlightenment  of  posterity.  There  is  nothing 
commercial  in  our  undertaking,  and  your  oonsent  to  use  those  records 
would  in  no  way  give  them  an  objectionable  publicity prejudicial  to 
your  interests.  if  it  meets  your  views,  wo  should  furthermore  like 
to  deposit  one  of  the  films  used  on  this  occasion  in  a  sealed  concrete 
box,  which  will  be  7 stored  in  the  Hew  York  Publio  Library  until  such 
time  as  we  have  a  building  of  our  own.  This  demonstration  would 

unquestionably  emphasize  in  a  way  that  no  mere  addresses  could  indioato 
the  importance  of  the  work  which  the  Association  has  undertaken;  and, 
knowing  your  public  spirit,  wc  feel  that  you  would  be  willing  to  give 
your  consent  to  this  plan*  If  you' will  do  so  X  shall  immediately 

communicate  with  the  manager  of  your  studio  in  V/est  43rd  Street,  and 
make  arrangements  with  him  for  the  demonstration,  subject  to  such  condi¬ 
tions  as  you  sec  fit  to  impose. 

In  this  connection  I  should  like  to  ask  you  whether  your  recent 
invention  whereby  nickel  plates  that  absorb  printer's  ink  are  substituted 
for  the  leaves  of  a  book  is  sufficiently  perfected  to  enable  us  to  make 
use  of  it  in  any  way.  If  so  it  would  doubtless:  better  serve  our  pur¬ 
pose  for  some  of  the  roo&rds  wo  expect  to  take  than  any  other  matorial 
available.  ,  As  only  about  ton  days  will  elppse  before  the  meeting, 

I  shall  be  greatly  obliged  to  you  if  you  will  let  mo  know  at  oAce  if  you 
can  comply  with  our  request. 

Tory  truly  yours, 

(Signed)  W-  T.  Lamed 

Secretary  of  the  M.  H.  B.  A. 

The  Technology  Club  of  New  York  (The  Massaohussetts 
Institute  of  Technology  of  Boston,  Mass.)  is  going  to  have  a  dinner 
on  Saturday  Evening,  January  13th,  at  the  Knickerbocker  Hotel,  Hew 
York  City,  and  it  would  feel  highly  honored  if  it  could  have  you  as 
one  of  its  guests  of  honor  on  that  oooasion.  It  would  feel  more 
honored  still  if  you  would  consent  to  give  a  talk  (not  exceeding 
fifteen  minutes)  to  the  members  of  the  Club  upon  such  subject  as 
you  may  elect. 

Please  do  not  feel  that  if  you  Aeoline  the  latter  invi¬ 
tation  you  must  necessarily  decline  the  former  one.  We  should  be 
delighted  to  have  you  our  guest  of  honor  even  if  you  do  not  desire 
to:  speak  to  us. 

We  usually  get  about  two  hundred  Alumni  and  former 
students  of  Technology  together  on  occasions  of  this  kind  and  we 
try  to  have  one  or  more  oelebreties  present. 

Hoping  that  we  will  get  a  favorable  reply  from  you,  I 

Hon.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Llewellyn  Park,  N.  J. 

Very  sincerely  youre^. 

rioe-President  of  the$£ub. 





— V  *tf~ 
.  -ttzT  t* 

s*  ««•  >-  ~ — 7 


j^i6JU_l^><‘ij<*’a  — ovv  ckcZZ^- 


II.M.Byllesby  &•  Company 


200  South  ha  Sallo  Street 

December  6th,  1911. 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  New  Jersey. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison:  — 

0 t  H- 

I  have  your  kind  favor  of  December  second 
and  all  of  us  are  delighted  with  the  Prospect  of  having 
you  present,  at  least  at  our  banquet.  Outside  of  the 
selfish  interest  we  have  due  to  the  pride  of  having 
you  present  on  this  occasion,  X  can  assure  you  of 
having  a  thoroughly  enjoyable  time. 

Among  others  who  will  be  present  will  be 
Horace  G.  Burt,  formerly  President  of  the  Union  Pacific 
Railway  and  now  in  charge  of  electrification  of  steam 
railway  terminals  in  the  City  of  Chicago;  Mr.  A.  J. 
Earling ,  President,  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  St.  Paul 
Railway  and  Chicago,  Milwaukee  &  Puget  Sound  Railway, 

Mr.  S  MrPelton,  President,  Chicago  &  Great  Western 
Railway;  Mr.  Gardiner,  President  of  the  Chicago  & 

North  Western  Railway;  Mr.  Delano,  President  of  J*® 
Wabash,  and  Mr.  Slade,  Vice  President  of  the  Northern 
Pacific:  all  of  whom  promise  to  he  present*  we  will 

have  the  Presidents  of  all  the  utility  companies  of 
Chicago,  and  there  will  be  present,  many  of  them  as 
Soeakirs ,  the  Presidents  of  our  six  largest  banks  in 
this  City.  Mr.  Coffin  has  accepted  and  will,  I  hope, 
give  us  a  talk. 

Chicago  has  the  reputation  of  having  the 
most  enjoyable  occasions  of  this  sort  of  any  city  in 
the  Country  and  people  are  kind  enough  to  say  that  our 
Annual  Banquet  is  the  most  enjoyable  of  any. 

It  will  be  a  great  pleasure  to  me  to  bring 
you  and  return  you  in  a  private  car  if  you  would  be 
willing.  I  have  no  doubt  Mr.  Coffin  will  be  with  you 
on  the  car  unless  he  should  happen  to  come  a  day  earlier, 
and  any  friends  that  you  might  oare  to  have  with  you. 

The  trip  on  the  oar  would  occupy  probably 
six  hours  longer  than  on  the  Century  or  Pennsylvania 
Eighteen  Hour  train ,  and  we  would  suggest  that  the 
car  leave  New  York  on  the  Lackawanna  to  Buffalo  and  be 
shifted  there  to  either  the  Michigan  Central  or  Grand 
Trunk  to  Chicago,  as  this  makes  a  very  pleasant  and 
easy  trip. 


Sheet  #2.  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison. 

If  not  intruding,  I  desire  to  include 
Mrs.  Edison  in  the  invitation.  X  had  the  pleasure 
of  meeting  her  once  at  a  reception  to  y°uatBriar 
Cliff.  The  ladies  of  our  families  would  esteem  it 
a  very  great  privilege  and  honor  to  endeavor  to 
make  Mrs.  Edison's  stay  agreeable. 

If  you  can  possibly  arrange  to  make  this 
trip  you  will  be  doing  the  industry  which  you  created 
a  vast  Amount  of  good,  nothing  will  occurdistaste- 
ful  to  you  or  to  bother  you,  and  broadly,  I  can 
guarantee  you  the  best  possible  time. 

I  would  thank  you  to  let  me  know  as 
reasonably  early  as  you  can  as  in  case  you  will  avail 
yourself  of  the  private  car  I  would  take  a  °c«ain 
sentimental  pleasure  in  transporting  you  In  our 
Directors'  Car  of  the  Puget  Sound  Road,  and  w°nld 
requirla  few  days  to  put. the  car  in  commission  and 
have  it  ready. 

Hoping  you  will  favor  us,  I  remain, 



W'V  i 

VC.  cr'-  ^.vu 

A  d'O-'f  i 

?p  Hour\  Cj  dr  u't  c? 

OL.v.A  iv >  <i  u>  uff-'O-Ccc^-'f 

l^ov\e>  Cec/  %!. 

#  vf-  y  LAj-otciT  C^vn<  cxi-o-nt  ci  6t,|  vt-x^uf- 
^ui-o-uJLt)  <Lcw-e,  ua  clco'‘  '1Arf"^ 


UTf^tAu^  ^oJf-cvo  W.| 

jW*.  1-  ct^s>i  f  t*rU  O  ri\U.  .  ~. 

uTc^vu-C,  HtJ  jpruJftffc 

ku  cv^  y -&  uw 

Qct-VV  CIO  UJL-Ct'- 



£eo ember  8th.,  1911. 

-V\  J 

vH  / 

n  <.4*  4* ar  n-r  the  7th 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

X  am  very  glad  to  get  your  letter  of  the  7th 
instant,  and  know  that  the  "Slide  Rulers"  would  give  you  a  very 
cordial  weloome  if  you  oan  on  January  13th  find  the  time  to  drop 
in  and  see  ua  at  the  Knickerbocker. 

I  shall  take  the  liberty  of  reminding  you  of 
this  fact  again  as  the  date  of  our  dinner  approaches. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.  J. 



i  \ 

Deo.  11th,  1911 

Kr .  K.  M.  Bylloshy, 

206  South  la  Salle  Street, 

Chicago,  Ill. 

I-'y  Bear  Byllesby:- 

Your  favor  of  the  6th  mutant  In  roooivoa,  and 
from  the  warmth  of  the  Invitation  of  yourself,  I»Wll 
associates,  I  feel  constrained  to  lay  aside  my  work  ana  he 
with  you  at  the  closing  function  of  your  convention.  So,  if 
t  oan  get  through  in  one  day  and  a  night,  I  will  accept  your 
kind  offer  of  n  private  car. 

If  I  were  to  go  hy  myself  I  would  go  in  a  regular 
car,  not  having  reached  the  private  car  stage  of  travelling. 
But  ns  ny  wife  and  daughter  have  also  consented  to  accept 
7our  courteous  invitation,  and  will  accompany  me,  the  private 
car  will  suit  the  combination.  I  hopo  Kr.  Coffin  can  go  with 

Yours  very  truly. 


westerh  mu  on  telegraph  co. 

Dec.  18th,  1911 

DATED  —  Chicago,  Ill. 

TO  —  Thos.  A.  Edison,  Orange,  II. J. 

We  are  arranging  for  private  car  Wisconsin  to 
leave  Jersey  City  at  nine  forty  Thursday  morning  January  fourth 
to  arrive  Chicago  eleven  forty  January  fifth,  and  if  entirely 
satisfactory  to  you  and  your  ladies,  we  would  suggest  that  the 
car  leave  Chicago  on  return  Sunday  morning,  as  we  would  all  like 
to  have  you  here  for  the  entire  day  Saturday  as  well  as  for  the 
move  formal  things  on  Eriday.  Please  answer. 

H.  K.  Bylleshy 

Ia  W  ffizjh  '///wfy- 

'^L'’''~' . . 

.'//  /z^z/tf/ir 



'  Dscesfl»8P-Wi--WI't;''~ 

#4  . 

SUBJECT:  John  Fritz  Autobiography  V«*>  ,,^7 

•  :•  V^'--  .vjt  />  ^  fa/** 

"v'f  r'  j>* 

on  of  the  John,}'* 


Mr.  Thoms  A.  Ed  icon , 

V/ost  Orange,  H.  J 
Docir  Mr.  Edison, 

•.'our  order  for  a  Bo  Lure  Edit! 

Prltz  Autobiography  no a  already  been  ackrowisigsd.  S 

Tne  Sooiety  ie  Juet  nor  in  rooeipt  of  a.  list  £~-y> 
of  those  friends  of  Ur.  Frits  to  whom  it  ia  hia  Intention  to  aend  f 
a  presentation  copy,  and  as  re  find  ycur  nano  in  this  Hat  re  rieh 
to  inquire  if  you  at 111  deeire  the  copy  you  have  ordered. 

If  the  copy  which  Mr.  Fritz  will  psraeeaUy  pre¬ 
sent  to  you  ia  the  only  copy  you  need,  then  we  will  bo  pleaood  to 


oanool  your  order  and  return  ? 

t*  oheok  .  7 

~fi)  c-  C]  S 


!Cj,  !j  n 

Jf.  ?n,  RcrfOxt-a 

Zo6  <£o-ilK,  /a,  ^ccCCe 
&  fi.COCt.^0  ,  3-CC  , 

"l/ci-u.v  6-Ce-qrct-n  i-  AjtCe~io-c  ei  ,  'Jh, 
'  0 


J  n-c'cc  ■ 



atC.  A  <j/  rf-/ , 

/  ^  ^  'll" 
k'  ^  Vii 


i»  'n> 


December  £lst,  1911 

Mr.  ThonaB  A.  Edison,  or  Mr.  'V;  e.  Headowcroft 
Orange,  I!ew  Jersey.  ’■  V; 

Dear  Sir: - 

This  will  be  presented  by  Mr.  Jim 
Hill,  in  charge  of  the  private  car  "WISCOIISIH," 
who  desires  to  seo  Mr.  Edison  relative  to  any 
details  of  Mr.  Edison's  trip  to  Chicago  and 
return  on  the  car  "WISCOHSIH." 

Jim  is  thoroughly  familiar  with  all 
the  details  of  the  trip  and  may  be  of  service 
as  to  the  handling  of  baggage  or  any  other 
matters  which  may  require  discretion. 

Very  sincerely  yours. 


December  29  th.,  1911. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison:C- 

It  has  oo  cured  to  me  that  lnasmuoh  as  you  have 
aaia  that  you  would  not  speak  to  the  assembled  multitude  when  we 
have  you  as  our  guest  at  the  Teohnology  Olub  Banquet  on  January 
13th  at  the  Hotel  Knickerbocker  it  would  be  an  appropriate  thing 
for  you  to  ao  and  a  very  taking  thing  with  the  boys  if  you  oouia 
eometime  between  now  and  the  10th  talk  into  a  phonograph  -  say 
about  two  hundred  words  -  and  on  the  evening  of  the  13th  have  what 
you  have  said  reproduoed  through  the  phonograph.  Our  Olub  will 
very  gladly  bear  all  expenses  in  oonneotion  with  the  engraving  of 
the  aisos  and  anything  else  oonneoted  with  suoh  an  arrangment. 

Have  I  made  myself  clear,  and  oan  you  not  do 
this?  Everyone  of  the  boys  to  whom  I  have  spoken  haB  expressed 
himself  as  being  very  much  pleased  at  the  thought  of  seeing  you  at 
the  Teohnology  Olub  Banquet. 

Yours  very  truly,  .  1 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 


t.  J. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Copyright  [not  selected]  (E-11-34) 

This  folder  contains  a  28-page  document,  printed  by  the  British  House 
of  Commons  in  July  1911,  entitled  "A  Bill  to  Amend  and  Consolidate  the  Law 
Relating  to  Copyright." 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Deafness  (E-11-35) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  Edison_s  deafness  and 
to  devices  for  the  hearing  impaired.  Included  are  requests  for  Edison  s  opinion 
nf  Pvistino  hearinq  aids,  as  well  as  inquiries  concerning  his  plans  to  invent 
such  a  device.  Most  of  the  letters  received  no  answer  or  a  standard  reply 
stating  that  Edison  had  discontinued  his  hearing  aid  experiments  and  tha  he 
expected  to  return  to  them  in  the  future.  The  correspondents  for  191 1  include 
Joseph  Byrne  of  New  York,  a  physician  studying  the  functions  of  the  inner  ear 
and  its  relationship  to  sea  sickness. 

A  sample  of  less  than  5  percent  of  the  documents  has  been  selected. 
Most  of  the  selected  items  contain  marginalia  by  Edison. 

Overton  Wall  Paper  &  Paint  Co. 




IB?.  Thomas  Tdis < 
Deal'  3 if:-. 

XnowinE  your  inventive  eehius 

permit  me  to  ask  you  a  few  "iucstiond.and  hope 
you  will  grant  ®y  request  and  answer  the  same . 

I  am  only  a  poor  mechanic, and  therefore  am 
unable  to  encage  the  services  of  an  expert  spfi 

am  j.uit  hard  of  hoarihE  and  would  giv^.tho^  \J  // 
rid  for  some  relief, as  X  find  it  handicaps  T  ^ 

much  in  my  work.  J  ^  J  ^  .  J\\ 

xn  your  opinion,  do  you  think  fl^t.  Xijfi  (f  f 

IE  can  be  re  gained  by  the  a id^<Jj\u  iW-f  i^ity^  n  J 
X  have  investigated  some  e lecWi^al^^ie^ .aijiS  ^  ^ 
find  they  would  do  pretty  we  ll.onlyvAc  b^iitc^k  N  / 

Your  much  valued  advice  will  be  much  a 
preciated, and  hope  you  will  tell  me  what  wo 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  the  ; 

:  nee  to  be  .yau^^t^SSSSSP?^ 




hnh  6.  to  'AeCnyfu. . .  - . - . 

y zee oAsj4/ . _ 

2hU£..  JLUxaCl.  &'#-•  . . 

..  — . . . 

_y^€t ^  y«r'r - - - — . — 

_ 'Ijot.ui fi&ruxiY-. — — —  - 

_ ^tufc^wW— jU. . „A*cc-^*C - f^jx£y^ . 

„ASW_ . - 

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y&pjd&JU  feft/tW — — - 
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— tfrYV  rCfc - 


You  know  by  experience,  Mr.  Edison,  the  inconvenience  and^ 
embarrassment  to  which  people  with  imperfoct  hearing  are  subjected, 
andit  has  been  thought  that  if  you  would  devote  a  short  period  of 
your  valuable  time  to  this  matter  you  could  easily  overcome 
the  existing  defects  and  make  a  perfect  hearing  instrument  of 
the  aurophone .  By  so  doing  you  would  incur  the  lasting 
gratitude  of  a  portion  of  the  community  who  are  now  forced 
to  suffer  in  silence,  are  often  misjudged  and  are  always 
greatly  handicapped  in  whatever  work  they  may  be  engaged  in. 

I  trust  you  will  pardon  me  a  perfect  stranger  in 
addressing  you  as  above,  and  anticipating  the  pleasure  of 
hearing  from  you  on  this  subject,  X  am, 

Respectfully  yours. 

a.*» >  r*  - 


New  York  City, 
Deo.  3th,  1911. 

To  Mr  Thos.A.Kdison, 
iMtJT  orange ,  11 .  J . 


Dear  Sir:- 

I  liave  teen  for  some  tim  past  encaged  in  the  experiment¬ 
al  study  of  the  semicircular  canals  of  the  internal  ear  and  their 
relation,  to  seasickness.  The  conclusion  reached  by  me  is  that  the 
malady  in  in  the  first  instance  due  to  irritation  of  the  sensory 
end  organs  of  equilibrium  situated  within  the  internal  ear. 

It  has  been  Known  for  some  time  that  deaf  mutes  and  ani¬ 
mals  from  which  the  internal  ear  has  been  removed  are  unsusceptibK- 
to  seasickness  and  to^rtificial  sickness  induced  by  rotation  and 
■galvanism  applied  over  the  site  of  the  semicircular  canals. 

Mow, knowing  that  you  have  suffered  from  an  oar  auction 

I  am  curious  to  know;-  ,c  <  . 

(1)  Whether  you  have  ever  been  susceptible  to  seasickness;  f 
(8)  If  ao, when  did  you  first  discover  that  you  were  immu 
(3)  And  at  what  time  of  life  your  ear  became  first  affected, 

I  feel  that  I  am  unwarrantably  trespassing  in  asking  'J . _ 

such  personal  questions.  But  you  will  understand  the  spirit  that 
prompts  me. 

Thanking;  you  in  advance,  I  am, 

Yours  Sincerely, 


Dr  Joseph  Byrne, 
39  West  61st  St., 
New  York  City. 

''2—!  ?  „r 
|JU  -  Vrr; "  "  . 

tvn. r3ro--r^ 

t«vc-.v«|  9).  ST** 

>^v-**---v'  'Ww. 


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"‘  v/W  "Vv  ItR>  U^-^6— 

v^—j-^yl^T~  k/\~  V\. 

V^/  t~/V-  ^o  L^w^-  tP^ww^ 




'W^i/L  l/lr  .  (J-fl- c/^  <=•-  ^  IS—  - - /  <I'*»- 

crv— c-v,  *v-  cTn-  /^V - '  ^  A- 

-i  V>v*~^  V— ^ 

^'^Yv-v  -  J'£-V''>  .  ^1 .  ^-^VD-O^v  , 

"  ‘  (‘ 


New  York  City, 

Deo. 16th  1911. 

To  Mr  Thos. A. Ediuon, 

Dear  Sir:-  ^  "l! 

I  thank  you  for  answering . my  questions. 

It  is  vary  probable  that  your  oar  affection  has  had  something  ^do 
with  your  not  vomiting.  The  semicircular  canals  and  ty  otp&rto  appar¬ 
atus  of  the  internal  ear  are  in  close  relation  with  theyr^lting  centre. 

In  producing  artificial  seasickness  by  means  of  rotations  and 
aural  irrigations  it  was  found  that  these  ni|c/dires,whe;r practised 
with  the  subject  lying  on  the  bach, did,/ neg/ianse  n^rfa  or  vomiting: 
but  if  the  subject  sat  up  o^tood  up(%nediate  l^after  such  procedures 
he  usually  became  nauseated/aW^ited.  This^and  other  evidence  points 
to  the  otoliths  which  are  /fW&it  into  j^ly  when  the  erect  posture  is 
assumed.  The  otoliths  seem  to  k  netting  mechanism  for  the  vaso¬ 

constrictor  and  vomiting  centred.' 

The  vomiting  centre  receives  incoming  (afferent)  impulses 
from  all  the  sensory  areas  of  thi  body  and  from  the  psychic  centres  of 
the  brain.  The  centre  is, however, most  closely  related  to  the  gastro¬ 
intestinal  tract  and  the  internal  ear  so  that  the  impulses  coming  in  from 
either  of  these  areas, if  of  sufficient  intensity,  can  most  readily  set 
the  nausea  and  vomiting  mechanism  in  action.  Impulses  coming  in  from 
any  one  of  the  related  sensory  areas  reinforce  those  coming  from  other 
sensory  areas.  Hence  when  in  seasickness  the  impulses  from  the  semi¬ 
circular  canals  have  the  vomiting  centre  on  the  verge  of  "going  off" 
the  presence  of  food  in  ’the  stomach  or  such  things  as  disagreeable 
sounds  and  odors  or  the  sight  of  food  etc  may  bring  on  vomiting. 


(5)  15o  you  think  such  turning  wruld  make  you  dizzy  or  nauseated  now  ? 

Again  I  find  myself  trespassing  on  yotir  goodness. 

Yours  very  truly, 


You  will  find  many  interesting  cases  somewhat  like  your  own  re¬ 
corded  in  my  forthcoming  hook.  I  shall  send  you  a  copy  (presenta¬ 
tion)  7/hen  it  comes  out  in  January. 

Dr  Joseph  Byrne, 
29  'Jest  61st  St., 
Hew  York  City. 


301  Boundary  Ave  ”  ‘ 

Macon,  Ga.  Dec. 

Q.0  avva/ti 


20,  1911. 

r».^  U-*-^ 

ujo^l^hild^ak  atfaek  of  ulcerated  sore  throat  or 

Dear  Sir:- 

About  forty,  years  au_  * - -  - - -  ..  , 

catarrhal  trouble  commencing  with  an  offensive  dishherge  from  the  left  < 
followed  by  discharges  through  the  nostrils,  it  was  more  than  two  years  be¬ 
fore  the  discharges  were  stopped:  my  senses  ofhearing,  taste  and  smell  have 
most  seriously  impaired.  <*xv 

I  have  tried  several  hi^^f^ir^rl^is  without  being  benefit  bed. 
r -lbelv  ELV  attention  has  boon  called  to  Aurophonp^Tor  hearing  and  Aurasago 
for  restoring  the  hearing,  both  manufactured  bydthe  Hears  Phone  Go. ,  o 
W.  34th.  St.,  How  York,  both  electrical  devices,  yhave  tried,  not  u-od, 
the  Aurophone  and  I  heard  ijuite  well  with  it.  Dc/you  know  any^  of^thesi 
articles?  If  you  do,  do  you  think  they  are  reliift 
cial?  Is  there  uny  thing  you  c  “ 

.  and  would’ bo  benofi- 

i  recommend  that  will  likely  benefit  me? 

advance  for  your  sourtesy  which  I  will  be  glad 
power,  I  remain, 

i  reciprocate  when  a 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Edison,  T.  A.  (E-11-36) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  concerning 
Edison's  life  story,  his  response  to  erroneous  newspaper  reports  about  him, 
his  opinions  on  a  variety  of  subjects,  and  numerous  other  matters.  Most  of  the 
letters  are  unsolicited,  but  there  are  also  exchanges  with  friends  and  business 
associates  along  with  letters  pertaining  to  clubs,  societies,  and  special  events, 
including  Edison’s  birthday.  A  few  letters  contain  reminiscences  of  Edison  s 
early  career,  including  his  days  as  a  telegraph  operator  in  Louisville.  Among 
the  correspondents  for  1911  are  author  Poultney  Bigelow;  General  Electric 
president  Charles  A.  Coffin;  longtime  Edison  acquaintance  Henry  E.  Dixey; 
steel  industry  pioneer  John  Fritz;  engineer  Robert  T.  Lozier;  and  attorney  and 
investor  Willard  P.  Reid.  There  is  also  an  exchange  with  author  Isaac 
Markens  in  which  Edison  states  his  opinions  about  Jews. 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  selected:  unsolicited 
requests  for  donations,  employment  opportunities,  and  interviews;  routine 
requests  for  biographical  and  other  information,  including  Edison's  advice  and 

.usz^  ~ 

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L-  "I^JL  /fcu  ^/L  yt-tA-t — . 

3 tLJL~r  dL-t>  kJ  l$dL  U-*- 
<=£  ih  k^iuA. 

Most  Worthy  Mr.  Edison:- 

Some  time  ago  you  rendered  help  to  persons 

recommended  by  Leo  H.  Tolstoi.  v;ho.  I  'dare  say,  treated  also,  me 
very  well.  I  am  interested  in  litterature -arhd  have,  translated 
some  Russian  tales  in  English.  One  1  forded  to  you.  There 
is  a  conversation  held  between  me  and  tf/H.  Tolstoi  published 

with  his  permission.  "*./ 

If  there  is "any  possibility  to  publish  my 

writings  in  America  and  if  ?oU^ould  aid  me  in  this  request,  X 
would  be  really  very  to  you.  If  not,  will  you  please 

return  the  copy  printed)  andH^bmitted  to  your,  attention. 

^The  copyright  belong  to  me. 

Yours  respectfully, 

Alexey  Mo  chine 

,  Petersburg,  Pet.  stor. 

Forchowskaya,  6/28,  6. 

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*sfl$LX4.<J  t^<> 

J.  .  fcfrstit, 

jfi>*/ov^jt<y'0>,  ^28,  f. 

My  dear  Sir:- 

You  will  probably  be  interested  in  knowing 

that  I  have  lately  be< 

inneoted  with  the  above 

They  would  he  glad  to  give  careful  consider¬ 
ation  to  such  offerings  of  securities  by  well  estab¬ 
lished  public  utility  corporations  that  you  may  care 
to  submit,  or  refer  to  them. 

Yours  faithfully,  _  _ 
RTL.  Enginery 



43  St.  Sacrament  St, 




Ihonas .  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Oranse,  N.J. 

Dear  Sirr- 

The  originals  of  the  enclosed  letters  are  under  n y 
control  and  if  they  are  of  any  value  to  you,  you  nny  obtain 
then  by  communicating  with  me.  If  they  are  of  no  interest  to 
vou  kindly  inforn  ne  within  the  nest  few  days,  and  oblige, 
Sours  Truly,  ^  //' 


Ur.  Thou.  A.  Edison, 

Edison  Laboratories, 
Orange,  N. 
My  dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

I  am  booked  on  the  "New  York"  to  sail  on  the 
33nd  for  the  other  side.  I  anticipate  going  direct  to  London, 
expecting  to  be  there  for  a  week  or  so.  1  shall  be  very  glad  if 
you  will  send  me  a  letter  of  introduction  to  your  people  there  or 
to  any  other  friends. 

I  trust  this  hot  weather  has  not  caused  you 
any  ill  effects  and  that  your  health  continues  good  and  robust. 

That  battery  you  had  made  up  last  year  is  ap¬ 
parently  as  good  as  ever  and  has  never  been  recharged;  so  that  even 
though  interested,  I  might  recommend  it  to  automobilists . 

I  notice  the  cement  plant  is  shut  down  except 
on  the  shipping  end.  Is  that  from  lack  of  orders  or  too  large  a 
quantity  on  hand? 

With  kindest  regards,  believe  me 

Yours  very  sincerely, 

rery  sincerexy, 

.  /f/! 





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Hew  Yolk  HOT  25-1911 

r.  a.  Hdlson  Orange  Mi 

lili  BOH  „  , 

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(Uiss)  trances  L. Calveard , 
Manager's  Office, 

W.U. Telegraph  Co. 

Louisville  ,Ky, 

November  25/  1911 


HP  UiBQ  3XNB"  —Just  forty-five  years  ago. 

Hester  ef  Western  Obion  Telegraph  Company  at 
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W. 2.  Somerville 
lUH  Swindle 

X.  3. Carton 
O.H.  Curtiss 
X. A. Carrol 
S.L. Oriffin 



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l.I.Obderwood  abeok  Clerk 

A  .Potter ,  Messenger 
W. Parker 
Landram  ,fleo. 



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V  jivV 

December  26,  1911. 

Mr.  Henry  Miller, 

o/o  Thomas  A.  Edison,' 

Orange ,  Hew  Jersey. 

My  dear  Mr.  Miller: 

I  have  just  returned  from  a  Ions  absence 
in  the  West  and  am  now  busily  arrange  for  Mr.  Edison  s 
birthday  dinner. 

When  in  Chicago  I  spoke  to  Mr.  Samuel  Insull 
about  the  matter.  He  will  be  in  Europe  in  January  and 
will  endeavor  to  arrange  to  attend  tbedinner.whichhe 
is  very  anxious  to  do.  He  cioes  not  think  it  will 
possible  for  him  to  get  back  by  February  ord,  but  thinks 
it  is  likely  that  he  can  by  the  10th.  Several  of  the 
men  will  also  go  on  the  American  Institute  of  Electrical 
Engineers'  trip  to  Panama  and  they  return  on  February  8th. 
Would  it  be  possible  for  Mr.  Edison  to  arrange  to  have  us 
there  on  the  10th  of  February?  If  not,  of  cow’se  , we  will 
have  it  on  the  3rd,  but  hope  that  he  can  arrant  for  uhe 

One  other  thing:  will  you  be  good  enough  to 
ask  Mr.  Dyer  what  his  hotel  will  charge  ub  per  cover  for 
the  dinner?  We  want  to  have  oysters,  soup,  an  entree, 
a  roast  (or  fowl),  vegetables,  salad,  dessert  and  coffee, 
cigars  and  drinks  to  be  extra.  I  suppose  we  would  want 
this  for  about  30  or  40  people  . 

I  will  telephone  you  to-morrow  afternoon  at 
2:30  and  in  case  you  are  not  in  your  office,  will  you  be 
good  enough  to  leave  word  what  you  have  been  able  to 
arrange  in  regard  to  the  foregoing . 

A  Thanking  you  very  much  for  your  kind  co-opera- 
tidn,  ani  with  best  wishes  for  a  Happyllew  Year,  believe 

lrs'Dery  truly, 


December  30,  1911. 

Mr.  Henry  A.  Killer, 

c/o  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  IT.  J. 

My  dear  M3?.  Killer: 

I  thank  you  ver3r  much  for  your  advices,  and 
please  tell  Mr.  Edison  that  I  have  called  the  dinner  for 
Eebruary  10th,  1912,  and  that  we  will  meet 'him  in  the 
laboratory  in  the  afternoon,  provided  the  weather  permits. 
If  not,  we  will  go  direct  to  the  Hotel.  I  will  get  in 
touch  with  Mr.  Dyer  as  soon  as  I  find  out  how  many  guests 
we  expect  to  have . 

With  best  wishes  for  the  Hew  Year,  believe  me 

to  be, 

Edison  General  File  Series 

1911.  Edison  Crushing  Roll  Company  [not  selected]  (E-11-37) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  business  of  the  Edison  Crushing  Roll  Co.,  which  licensed  and  installed 
Edison's  crushing  rolls  and  collected  royalties  for  their  use.  Included  are 
reports  pertaining  to  the  operations  and  output  of  licensees,  along  with 
correspondence  concerning  the  collection  of  royalties. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Edison  Star  [not  selected]  (E-11-38) 

Edison  wa 
Park,  N.J. 


folder  contains  unsolicited  correspondence  relating  to  the  myth  that 
,s  responsible  for  a  bright  light  appearing  in  the  sky  above  Menlo 
Edison  denied  responsibility  and  stated  that  the  light  was  the  planet 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Education  (E-11-39) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  concerning 
Edison's  opinion  on  technical  education.  Most  of  the  letters  are  unsolicited 
inquires  regarding  newspaper  reports  about  Edison  and  requests  for  advice 
about  appropriate  training  for  technical  careers. 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  items  consist  of  routine  inquiries  with  no  substantive  reply  from 

from  Che  £aboralory  of 


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Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Electric  Light  (E-11-40) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
electric  lighting  and  power.  Some  of  the  items  pertain  to  the  technical  and 
commercial  development  of  Edison's  alkaline  storage  battery,  including  its 
application  as  a  power  source  for  miners'  lamps  and  its  use  in  Edison  s 
proposed  "Country  House  Lighting  System."  There  is  also  correspondence 
with  Charles  H.  Coffin,  Charles  P.  Steinmetz,  and  others  that  illustrates 
Edison's  continuing  involvement  with  the  General  Electric  Co.  Included  are 
references  to  GE  Edison  Mazda  lamps,  visits  by  company  officials  to  Edison  s 
laboratory  in  West  Orange,  and  the  problems  of  high  voltage  electrical 
illumination.  In  addition,  there  are  letters  dealing  with  public  relations  at 
various  electric  light  and  power  companies,  along  with  reminiscences  of 
Edison's  early  inventive  work  on  electric  lighting  systems.  The  correspondents 
include  longtime  Edison  associates  Sigmund  Bergmann,  Etienne  de  Fodor, 
Samuel  Insull,  and  Thomas  Commerford  Martin;  author  and  dramatist  Percy 
W.  MacKaye;  and  representatives  of  the  Philadelphia  &  Reading  Coal  and 
Iron  Co. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  selected:  unsolicited 
promotional  material;  routine  correspondence  requesting  Edison  s  advice, 
assistance,  or  attention  on  technical  and  commercial  matters  concerning 
electric  light  and  its  development. 

a-  a#° 

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Ill  Reply  Refer  to 


January  21,  1911. 

Ur.  W.  H.  Meadoworoft, 

Orange,  H.J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Meadoworoft: 

When  viaiting  Mr.  Edison  recently,  MeBsra.  E.W.Rloe, 

C.  W.  Stone  and  myself  asked  his  advice  and  assistance  in  the 
problem  of  high  voltage  eleotrioal  insulation,  and  Mr.  Edison 
kindly  offered  us,  that  we  Bhould  send  a  man  to  his  laboratory, 
who  is  familiar  with  the  problem  and  could,  with  his  assistance, 
study  and  try  the  various  materials,  with  which  Mr.  Edison  has 
experimented.  Mr.  Rioe  and  myself  believe  that  Mr.  A.  MoK.  Gifford, 
the  ohemist  of  our  Pittsfield  Works,  would  be  best  suited  for  thiB 
investigation,  and  I  therefore  desire  to  introduce  Mr.  Gifford  to 
you,  and  should  be  muoh  obliged  for  any  assistance,  which  you  can 
give  him.  I  also  desire  to  introduce  my  assistant,  Mr.  J.H.R. Hayden, 
who  aooompanies  him.  Mr.  Hayden  has  been  largely  instrumental  in 
developing  the  constant  current  mercury  arc  rectifier,  which  now 
is  largely  used  in  series  arc  oirouits,  and  knowing  your  extensive 
experience  with  high  vacua,  from  the  early  days  of  the  I- rays ,  X 
expeot  you  will  have  numerous  interesting  problems  to  discuss. 

With  very  best  regards. 



■y  < 

/// y  / 


__.....  1 

Twenty-Fifth,  t\, 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 


My  assistant  Mr.  Hayden  has  just  returned  from 
your  laboratory  and  reported  to  me,  and  I  desire  to  take  this 
occasion  to  express  my  best  thanks  for  the  kind  reception  whioh 
you  have  given  him  and  Mr.  Gifford. 

I  expect  to  have  Mr.  Gifford  return  end  of  this 
week,  and  then  to  test  the  materials  with  high  voltage  alternat¬ 
ing  current.  In  connection  herewith,  I  would  suggest,  whether 
you  could  not  spare  Mr.  Aylsworth  for  a  Say  or  so,  as  it  would 
probably  be  good  to  have  him  present  at  the  testing  of  the 

With  very  best  regards. 


I -os  as 

.March  l3t , 


Desjr  Mr.  Wson,- 

When  in  Washington  yesterday,  X  found  in  the 
Bureau  of  Sfceam  Engineering,  a  portable  lantern  w'T'*cjLg8  „0ed 


It  consists  of  four  nickle  iron  cells  incased  in 

ssiww  «  • 

Swafe  r  » 

tide  of  the  lamp  tube. 

The  entire  outfit  weighs  about  six  pounds. 

I  could  not  see  the  construction  of  the  plates 


iron  plated  by  rubber  rods,  the  sane  as  we  use. 

I  understand  a  good  many  of  them  are  being  sold 
to  minesetc.  in  addition  to  the  Navy. 

While  I  knew  von  would. not  be  interested  in 
producing  such  a  lamp,  I  thought  you  might  care  to  know  .hat 
••uch  a  cell  is  being  made. 

tai.ning  case 

The- principle  weight  of  the  outfit  is  the  con- 
r  box  for  holding  the  cells,  lamps  etc. 


started  on  February  20,  1886. 

We  thought  possibly  you  would  rer.err.ber  the  details 
of  this,  and  we  would  be  very  greatly  indebted  to  you  if  you 
would  send  ue  your  renem.brar.oe  as  to  the  types  of  dynamos, 
engines,  boilers,  etc.,  which  were  in  operation  at  that  time. 

We  shall  take  pleasure  in  sending  you  a  oopy  of  this 
nusfter  as  soon  as  we  have  corrected  same. 

Yours  very  truly, 


i  » r  uWTC.t»  G.i**v\t.*‘!t  t 

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Rhode  Island  Coal  Company 


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Rhode  Island  Coal  Company. 


Portsmouth,  R.  I., . • . -4 . 

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In  Reply  Kelt 



New  York  Office,  80  Church  Street 
March  IB,  1911 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  _ 

Orange,  II.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

X  have  teen  hoping  to  get  out  to  Orange  and  see  you, 
which  X  have  long  wanted  to  do,  hut  every  day  brings  a  crowd  of 
duties,  which  has  kept  me  in  Hew  York.  The  day  after  tomorrow 
X  go  South  with  my  family  for  a  short  time  with  the  hope  of  re¬ 
storing  to  health  my  wife  and  daughter,  who  have  been  quite  ill. 

I  wanted  to  talk  with  you  about  incandescent  lamps  and 
particularly  to  explain  that  without  my  knowledge  and  altogether 
through  inadvertence  the  name  "Edison"  had  been  omitted  in  pre¬ 
paring  the  labels  for  the  new  tungsten  lamp  for  which  we  have 
adopted  the  trade  name  "MAZDA" .  I  was  greatly  surprised  upon 
discovering  this  error.  The  omission  will  be  immediately  cor¬ 
rected,  if  you  do  not  object.  He  want  your  name  associated  with 
our  incandescent  lamps  of  whatever  style  or  name,  and  want  to 
arrange  to  change  all  our  labels  and  markings  on  tho  "MAZDA" 
lamps  so  that  your  name  will  hereafter  be  associated  with  this 
type  as  well  as  with  all  others  of  our  manufacture. 

I  hope  you  are  well  and  are  not  working  too  unwisely. 
I  have  been  sorry  to  hear  that  there  is  a  doubt  about  your  get- 

ing  your  usual  trip  South  this  year. 

With  best  wiBhes, 


The  Philadelphia  &  Reading  Coal  and  Iron  Company 

Electrical  Department 


March  30,  1011* 


l-t^X  4»rt&  f**f*++  *+r 

SUBJSCT-  Xdlaon  Storagd  Batteries*. V,  v 

.w,  t-v*.  J3j 

(to-~.  w-^fe  ' 

the  Xdlson  storage  Battery  Co,, 

Orange,  «.  J.  M-f" '***■* 

Oentlement-  ^U-  vu~a* -  w  ^^L*****^ 

▼111  you  Jcipdly,  advise  me  If  you  are  in  a  posi¬ 
tion  to  a*,  up  a 

Motion  with  a  minere^eliotrie  lamp,  in  oetft  aineet  We 
are  at  present  using  a  snail  laad  Battery,  %h*<*  gives  us 
two  (2)  candle  power,  at  a  voltage  ranging  from  two  (2) 
to  2.2  volts.  Battery  being  a  single  oell. 

▼e  feel  th*  if  we  could  get  a  small  Btorage 
cell  to  give  us  a  three  (3)  or  foul  (4)  candle  power  light. 
It  would  greatly  add  te  the  efficiency  and  safety  ef  the 
Bin  vs* «  The  battery  should  be  oapa  bis  of  supplying 
a  law  with  full  oandle  power  for  12  hours  to  insure 
full  light  for  complete  doye  run.  The  bartery  should  not 
weight,  ever  2-l/2  to  3  pounds.  The  battery  should  be 
uade  water  proof  to  prevent  electrolyte  from  running  out 
when  tipped  to  any  angle  by  the  miner  when  working. 

The  Mieon  8  B  Co., 

The  Battery  to  be  arranged  that  it  could  be 
carried  on  the  hip  of  the  miner  by  Hie  belt.  It  ehould 
aleo  be  conetructed  mechanically  that  it  will  atabd  a  rea¬ 
sonable  amount  of  knocking  around  without  damaging.  n>he 
battery  termibala  ehould  be  arKanged  to  permit  of  eaey 
attachment  and  detachment  of  the  wire  terminate  leading 
to  the  lamp}  alee  in  oaee  of  charging. 

Vill  you  kindly  advise  me  your  viewe  for  nuking 
up  auch  a  battery,  and  oblige. 

Yours  truly, 

acirlcal  Kngine/r. 


April  11,  im* 

Philadelphia  &  Reading  Coal  and  Iron  Company 

^'Electrical  Department 

WBrKOffj  M-isOn1  i 

'Mineral  ^amp  Outfits. 

.  K* 

ild)  'f'&LU- 

fY ;; 

fast  a 

y  \y 
\  ft 


3Ir.,  i^os.  4,  l^ison, 

idicorl  laboratory, 

grange,  JT-.  ‘lr  .  jy~  g 

y>*r#iri-  ^  ,ty 

1  lr&t  tp  sygpioviledBO  receipt,  ?f  your 
letter  coated  ^ptjil  fith  ■«$  note  that  y<u  ar^f  ’g*-  . 

nov/  ecru  true  ting  at  your  laborat'o'fy  various  klncfe  ^  X3 
Of  batteries  with  lampp  for  the-  pur;, coo  of  ear  f^V1 
pefimentl&e  in  a  practical  manner  to  dote  rmirio  wha’l 
ia  beet  suited  tp  meet  the  requirements  of 

%e  shall  be  very  gla^  indeed  to  a:jsi\t  you 
tryiiife  but  in  the  mines  any  experiment  yob  re- 
qu,o^t  of' tie  £3  ^  of  *e  OR  inion  -that  an  eledtric 
|ight  f.»  the  pafef&t  light  we  odn  put  into  the 
hands  of  any-  man  or.  boy  working  underground. 

It  will  eliminate  the  smoke  of  the  open 
9fl  lamp  they  now  breathe, 

ir  r* 


JP  < 

ios\t  you 

it  will  doubtless  ol imir.ate  a  great 
number  of  fires  now  ecu sod  by  the  open  flsune 
lamp  . 

it  v.'ill  eliminate  t  bn  email  gas 
ignitions  which  are  the  cause  of  so  many 
miners  he  ing  burned'. 

Considering  fli  o  advances  made  in  the 
light-ins  art  ir.  the  way  of  iliuminatfon  on  the 
surfance,  and  practical*  nothing  done  to  advance 
t.ho  miners  lamp  where  it  is  ro ally  needed iihero 
is  no  doubt  in  ‘m#  mind  but  what  there  is  a  large 
field  for  such  an  Electric  lamp  ..Outfit,. 

X  presume  you  are  familiar  with  the 
manner  in  v/liich  the  miner  weiirs  Ills,  lamp  in 
that  it  is  secured  to  his  cap 

V/e  have  bqjfen  conducting  some  experi¬ 
ments  with  a  lead  battery  on  a  S  c/p.  lamp  at 
2  yolts,  and  have  now  in  use  a  f6w  hundred,  but 
2  c.p.  is  hardly  sufficient  light'. 

The  manner  in  which  we  are  now  using 
the  outfit  is  »»  follows:- 

Mr.  T. 

A.  ®. 

4n 11- U* 

iVft!  "battery  is  carried  on  fee  miners 
Isa  it  around  t's*  waist,  «nd  the  lamp 
anl  reflector  is  attached  to  fee  minors 
cap,  a  flexible  cord  makes  tM  connec- 
ticn  between  tlio  ltaqp  end  battery. 
j.  will  await  your  results  with  miich 
'  interest,  trust  i*g  you  will  havfe  something.  to  offer 
in  the  near  future,  r«jid  W  inform^  ton  yto  desire 
from  us  please  command. 

Yours  very' tttuly, 

'.y  ^  ^  ^  c  <■■■(.  <-  ■  c  <- 

Elqctr  iodl  ling ineer . 

The  Philadelphia  &  Reading  Colli  &  WC^mpany. 

Yours  of  the  8th 
al  Engineer  of  this  Company 

Office  of  Vice  President  &  General  Manager, 

PjttsYille,  Pa.  April  14th,  1911. 


.  <v  (  I  .  'i  \axa^-  ^ 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  1  \x,Ct*str  ;'P  »  ,  . 

Orange,  New 

"  ““  8ir“  i-a4« 

X  am  very  muoh  pleased  to  have  advice,  hamper  your  let¬ 
ter,  that  you  are  working  on  batteries  and  lamps  suits^arff'for  the 
work  we  have  in  hand.  We  have  now  about  200  lamps  in  usbMn  our 
mines  and  feel  that  if  it  will  be  possible  to  so  perfect L  battery 
and  lamp  that  it  will  come  into  general  use  in  the  coalmines,  dis¬ 
placing  what  is  now  known  as  the  Ved"light.  The  ones  we  have  in 
aervice.  though  crude,  are  being  received  well  by  the  man,  and  we 
are  intensely  interested  in  having  the  lamps  thoroughly  developed 
and  put  on  such  a  plane  that  they  can  be  permanently  used  in  the 

Appreciating  very  much  your  interest  in  this  matter,  and 

awaiting  further  advice,  I  am 

Yours  truly. 

Vice  president  &  General  Manager. 


Hamiison^/N.  J.  May  3,  ^.911 

Mr.  Thomas 

W.  Oran go 

Dear  Sir; - 

Y/hen  I  visited  yo 


y  y^y*'  / 

$  y  *  .■>«*  y  fc* 

,  Thomas  h.  ^  ^ 

''•0r“6a'!"  •  1  0/  nOi  ,/j 

dr  'V 

A  v±Diu„„  laboratory  last  week  in  oJmparavf  ^ 

with  Mr.  Morrison  ana  Mr.  VonSiemens,  you  asked  me  to  ma|e^ome 
1.2  volts  tungsten  lamps.  1  have  maae  up  a  few  sampl^  whjSh 
look  rather  interesting  ana  am  making  up  some  more  of  the^f  a 
little  higher  candle  power  and  amperes. 

Will  you  please  advise  me  what  ampere  lamp  you  would 
like  to  use  on  your  battery  and  we  will  make  up  other  samples  if 
the  ones  which  I  have  begun  are  not  according  to  your  wishes. 

I  will  havo  some  samples  in  two  days  and  will  bring  them 
to  vour  laboratory.  If  you  do  not  wish  to  see  these  lamps  por- 

mattor  up. 

X  beg  to  remain, 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  Engineer. 


■n.  u  -vw-n 



Thomas  A  Edison  Esq 

Llewellyn  "ark  9^  f^cV 

Orange  ITew  Jersey 

Lear  "r  SdiBOn 

Por  the  aporoaohing  Convention  of  the^  <»  \^ 

national  Electric  Light  Association,  which  is  to  te  ^  ^  \ 

held  in  this  City  from  liay  29th  to  June  2nd,  we  are  q  ,rv 

prenaring  a  small  too*  entitled  "Thirty-One  Years  of  ^ 

Edison  Service".  Mr  H  F  Srady  thought  it  woula  he 
well  to  include  a  word  about  the  hankers  who  ^ood 
behind  the  Company  at  the  beginning.  1 
include  J  "ieroont  Morgan  &  Company,  Spencei  Tras^  A 
Company,  TTonry  Villard,  F  B  Smithers  &  Company  and  . 
perhaps  some  otherB. 

You  of  course,  are  the  best  authority- 
on  this  subject.’  Would  it  be  possible  to  pri spare  a 
short  statement ,  if  you  will  permit,  appear!**  over 
vour  07m  name,  as  an  introduction  to  material  tnaTs 
will  follow? 

•••„  nre  expecting  a  record-breaking  attend¬ 
ance,  of  perhaps  4000  or  5000  delegates.  Cs«t you  come 
over  for  the  Public  Policy  meeting,  v;h3ch  will  be  hold 
in  the  new  "heatre  on  Wednesday  evening,  hay  31st.  .«■ 

Insull  is  to  present  the  report  and  the  Hon  .hnrles^^ 

there.  It  is  the  kind  of  occasion  which  T  think  Mrs 
Edison  would  also  greatly  enjoy 


A  copy  of  the  report  is  enclosed. 

3  „/■- 


Foloft ,  £  1 1  e(vi  v.  t  A* 


ilegramm-Adreese:  EGYENARAM. 
TELEFON  14-64. 

Budapest  .-jday  19thvl911 ' 

Mr. Thomas  A. Edison, 

Edison  Laboratory , 
East  Orange ,N.J. 

My  dear  Mr.Edisons- 

AB  an  Old.  Edison  man  that  assisted  Mr. Bachelor 
at  the  Paris  Exhibition  in  l<?81,and  as  an  engineer  that  was  connected 
with  the  French  Edison  Co.for  *5  years,doins  its  pioneer  worlc.and  who 
laid  down  the  first  Edison  three-wire  system  in  Europe,-  as  such  -  I 
talce  pleasure  in  sending  you  under  seperate  registered  cover  a  copy 
of  my  latest  worlc  which  has  just  appeared.and  which  treats  upon  Refuse 
Destruction  in  combination  with  central  stations. 

Trusting  that  this  letter  reaches  you  enjoying 

good  health,!  remain. 

Yours  very  truly 



ficjtu  v.  Kobor,  bcc  nmnncljc  btc  mioSai «  im  St e  )  e  ta 
I'cmotcdjtflt  luitTt  nub  nit  Mt  cm  ^io"'“b“ 

SfCftSfS.'tiJfS  '*»$«?#"  «j*i 

,  blefjcutc  gu-  »"""■■  '"''■ 

lestess m§, 


&*f*(  ******  *#*# 

of  a  ,h*  ■ 

a&dt>  Ut  4i4nW>  f  G^oft-  G** 

■V-  f  eft  flu,  erc<M4i+-<  f  flU  30 ^ 

,f  ftii 

&j'  oCUi^^ftft  fol  -flu. 


r>V'(iOvL‘  5*54aT  £<&Ue 

tf-vieUL-  e 

fiito  ef  lot  fe&oitrt'  w/t*  fyeftiftt&rl 

-jof  ty,  flit.  •-*'  ft"' 

flCjUut-jL,  «W  ffe  -AtHUt— 

yj  V  \*4Ht*uJ3*A  iiyefl,  /t p  Vt**-*  el  i&tcGutt' 

oft  a  (peUu-4  tfc&jfleftvtuc-  ioiia-ft nu&fttft 
Cutft  oftwajrt  f  llte-H  ~  '’“'''  ■""* 

<n'  <**/.  ft{aw>jil  «/  & 

flutCa  - 

o/o  Edison  laboratory. 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

My  dear  Edisons- 

Your  letter  of  the  13th  oame  to  hand  whilst 
I  was  laid  up  a  week  in  bed.  X  will  be  in  New  York 
next  week  to  attend  the  National  Electric  Light  Con¬ 
vention.  If  I  get  a  chance  to  go  out  to  see  you  during 
my  stay  there,  I  will  be  delighted  to  do  so,  and  will 
telephone  out  to  see  if  you  ore  home. 

Your a  sincerely, 

(Kn  /:> 


/  /  J/ 

v/  ?&M. 

jk  f  &Pyiy 
rsS.  *€y*'* & 

m  QQ  jg  I 

-W^oXc^nXX)  c 

^  ^  £?cJ~w  <£&^zxxD 
&  <^C<£*™XX, 

^La  5^^=^-  ^ZzX'Z?  OZ^-y,  > 

^Cr-  s-y6^, 



IX  NY  N  93  X 

FA  Hew  York  June  1-19X1 

■  Thos  A  Edison, Esq  sdi0on  laboratory  „  ' 

A3  ^the  greatest  "noV  c™e “Sr£  at  lunch 

1  \  .  ■  - t  o. Mart in. 


I 004AM 



J3*~  3  /i u  ^ 




y*/^ j 

y'o/  fr  aoarf  defothit/ /a  am 
fitw 9* -fa  •  0 

oww  %(Ui)  S~ /uw  & 
$w&s>Jui  /to  // 


/Mxmaj  (fit  &/  /ZdtJ  Jzwo  /4m  ' 

tUm  9  (tourffeo  dadhtua#  aidd  &  mwu/m. 


I  am  writing  a  brief  memoir  of  my  father,  the  late 
Steele  MacKaye,  for  publication. 

•  in  it  X  wish  to  touoh  upon  his  inventions. 

prom  my  friend  Orlando  Rouland,  the  portrait  painter,  I 
have  heard  that,  while  examining  the  mechanical  prooeaseq  of  the 
lighting  effeots  [  behind  the  scenes  ]  at  the  Hippodrome,  NeWYork, 
you  oommented  upon  those  in  delation  to  the  theatrloal  inventions 
of  Steele  MaoKaye. 

Your  comments  -  if  you  would  feel  like  sending  them  to  me 
Briefly  in  a  letter  -  would  be  very  valuable  to  his  memory,  and 
would  be  heartily  cherished  by  all  his  family. 

Many  of  the  Hippodrome  prooesses  for  llght-effeots  were 
taken  dlreotly  from  the  working  model  of  my  father  s  spectatorium 
in  Ohioago,  after  the  premature  failure  of  that  enterprise  and  my 
father's  death. 

Ho  recognition  of  this  has  ever  been  made. 

The  tragic  oatastrophes  of  his  career  have  left  its  important 
significances  quite  unrecorded  until  now.  in  my  Memoir,  I  shall 
try  to  give  some  reoord  oi  such,  though  tardy  and  scant,  In  Justioe 
to  his  memory. 

If  you  will  kindly  send  me  any  comment  of  yours  upon  his 
inventions,  or  inventive  faculty  [  with  permission  to  quote  for  my 
Memoir  ],  I  shall  deeply  appreciate  your  courtesy. 

Sinoerely  yours  - 

•#  18  '-■! 

os.  July  17,  1911, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison, - 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  letter  of  the  15th  and  have  taken 
occasion  to  cable  Mr.  Muller  that  you  are  going  over.  1  hope  that 
you  will  look  him  up,  as  I  think  your  interests  are  mutual. 

Yours  very  truly, 

/'  /  g* 

/  I 



After  August  I.  1911,  the 
corporate  name  of  this  company 
will  be 

The  BorlanJ-Grannia  Company 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Llewellyn  Park,  ^ 

Orange,  N.  J.< 

Dear  Sir:-,.. 

Mr.  John  R.  Markle,  3710 
A ve.,  Chicago,  hae  given  your  name  as  re^rence' 

Mr.  Markle  has  approached  ue  ^fl^regar^b 
an  invention  ofhie,  Whioh  he  helievesJ|uVdh? 
profitable  to  our.buflinese.  le  wot^fM  p^teod 
to  hear  from  you  in  regard  to  Mr.  Markl|j/ ability 
and  skill  as  an  electrical  engineer  aiK  inventor, 
and  whatever  other  points  regarding  him  you  think 
would  be  of  value  to  us.  Your  reply  will  be  held 
in  strictest  confidence. 

Yours  very  truly, 


After  August  1,  1911.  the 
corporate  name  of  this  company 
will  be 

The  Borland-Grumii  Company 

Sept.  11,  1911. 

Laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  H.  J. 

Gentlemen: - 

SEP  .13  1911 

we  beg  to  thank  you  for  your  kind 
favor  of  the  9th  inst.,  by  Mr.  H.  E.  Miller, 
advising  of  the  absence  of  Mr.  Edison,  but  that 
you  will  bring  the  matter  to  his  attention  upon 
his  return  in  October. 

Thanking  you  for  your  trouble  in  the 
matter,  we  are, 

Yours  very  truly, 



£V-V~(P  y  t 








Fok  Tills  Business  Yeah  Ending  30TH  June,  1911. 

lt _ The  Directors  submit  herewith  the  Report  and  Accounts  for  the  year 

ending  30th  June,  1911. 

„ _ The  Net  Revenue  Account  shows  that  the  sum  of  £49053  !33 4 S'  5d- 

has  been  brought  forward  from  Profit  and  Loss  Account. 

3  -Interest  on  Debenture  Stocks  has  absorbed  £15,701  16s.  od.;  £5,5°°  os.  od. 
has  been  set  aside  as  Depreciation  on  Freehold  and  Leasehold  Property  Plant 
„n.l  Tools ;  *,5oo  os.  od.  1»,  boon  n,, in  ««»<!  down  «.s  of 

Stocks,  nntl  th.  son,  of  *438  13.-  7*  «»•  b«»  ”““™d  °"  “000n‘  °‘  ** 
and  Doubtful  Debts. 

4  -The  result  as  shown  in  the  Net  Revenue  Account  is  a  Credit  Balance 

of  £19,013  3s.  tod.,  to  which  must  be  added  the  sum  of  £6,843  3*.  **.,  brought 
tiZ  from  tb.  previous  poor,  .*•  .  <->  f' “ 

Of  this  amount  the  Directors  propose  to  place  £i7,5°°  to  Reserve  Fund, 
carrying  forward  the  Balance  £8,356  7®-  6d- 

5  —Cost  of  establishing  the  Business,  Goodwill,  &c.,  £39°, 432  8s-  ld,>  ,las 
been  brought  forward  at  the  figure  standing  in  the  last  Balance  Sheet. 

The  Freehold  and  Leasehold  Property  and  Plant  have  also  been 
brought  forward  at  the  value  stated  in  the  last  Balance  Sheet,  with  the 
addition  of  the  amount  expended  to  30th  June,  ign,  less  Depreciation  charged  in 
Net  Revenue  Account. 

6— The  Shares  of  the  Altrincham  Electric  Supply,  Limited,  have  been  taken 
at  par,  as  in  previous  years.  This  concern  continues  to  progress,  and 
has  paid  the  usual  Dividend  on  its  Shares  of  seven  per  cent,  for  the 
year  ended  31st  December,  igio.  Its  indebtedness  to  this  Company  has 
been  reduced  during  the  year  by  £328  10s.  iod. 

7. — There  has  been  expended  on  Capital  during  the  year  ending  30th  June, 

1911  £5,361  8s.  1  id.,  mainly  on  account  of  Plant  in  connection  with  the 

manufacture  of  Metal  Filament  Lamps. 

8. — The  Trading  since  the  close  of  the  financial  year  on  the  30th 
June  last  shews  satisfactory  progress. 

g. _ Mr.  II.  Wolfcnden  retires  in  rotation  and  offers  himself  for  re-election. 

10.— Messrs.  Wei  ton,  Jones  &  Co.,  the  Auditors,  offer  themselves  for 

By  order  of  the  Board, 



Episwax  Buildings, 

36  &  37,  Queen  Street,  London,  E.C. 

23rd  October,  1911. 

The  Edison  &  Swan  United  Electric  Light  Company,  Limited. 

D NET  REVENUE  ACCOUNT,  30th  JUNE,  1911.  Cr. 

To  Dolionturo  Interest —  *  ‘  ‘  By  Botao  taooghtfrom  Profit  «mt  Lose  49,1M  ls  t 

.[%  Eirst  Dolionturo  Stoolc  ...  12,1115  10  0  Account 






For  the  Year  ending  30th  June,  1911. 

lly  order  of  tlio  Hoard, 





gtglft  pfltctok 

of . . . . . . 

,  . being  a  Member 

in  the  county  of . . - . - . . .  " 

of  the  Edison  &  Swan  Unite©  Electric  Light  Company,  Limited, 

hereby  appoint  Henry  Wolfendbn,  Esq.,  or  failing  him,  Edward  Baudouin 

Ei.uce-Ci.ark,  Esq.,  or  failing  him,  William  Murray,  Esq.,  or  failing  him, 

Eustace  Quiltue,  Esq.,  (being  likewise  Members  of  the  Company),  as  my 

proxy  to  vote  for  me  and  on  my  behalf; at  the  Ordinary  General  Meeting  of 

the  Company,  to  be  held  on  Thursday,  the  second  day  of  November,  1911, 

and  at  any  adjournment  thereof. 

As  witness  my  hand  this .  . day  of  October,  191 1. 

Signature . . - . . — . 

This  Proxy  must  be  received  at  the  Company's  Office,  36  &  37,  Queen  Street, 
London,  E.C.  not  later  than  12  o’clock  noon  on  Tuesday,  31st  October,  1911. 


Machine  Department 

*rk,  Orange,  H.J.-  0.3»f* 

■v  dear  Edison:- 

,.  malting  great  progr.ea  In  the  development 

of  «.  air.  »-  *•  «-  lnToatlgatlng  *»«* 

U„,  nearer ,  a.  nave  ....  •  P““*  »“  "** 

covers  the  euepeneion  of  a  long  metal  wire  front  a  hook.  9  hare 
overcome  t»  patent  protecting  title  noon  arr.ngm.nt  vary  nicely 
onr  oonatwctlone,  lint  I  Jem  ttot  a.  are  infringing  npon 
the  comparatire  length  of  the  wire  . 

*,  you  aell  mo.  the  egnlrt.d  fli«t.  .era  -*• 
nmr  pin  .hap.  end  then  attached  t.  th.  «»dlJJ.r.nt  aupporta. 
I.1,  general  role  Jcnr,  Jive  or  ai.  of  th...  — ’ 
ted  filament.  a.r.  need  for  on.  «,  «  -  ** 

the  JU.rn.nt  for  on.  Imp  1.  ~d.  in  •*  ®“d 

the  aapporta. 


Mr.  Thoraao  A.  Bdison. 

Sow  I  wish  to  ask  you  If  you  have  not,  in  your  early  deve¬ 
lopments  of  the  Platin-Yrridtum  lamps  used  a  oertain  length  of  wire. 
I  remember  that  the  Platin-YrridlUmwas ,  at  that  time,  used  in  spiral 
forme,  i.  e.  that  only  one  complete  metal  wire  of  a  oertain  length 
was  uoed  in  your  platinum  l*mp. 

Will  it  he  possible  for  you  to  send  me  your  data  of  your 
early  experiments  along  that  line,  or  can  you  perhaps  tell  me  of 
some  hook  or  magazine*  in  Which  I  «*«  find  any  articles,  dealing 
with  thlfc  hub  j  eot ,  if  such  t'i  in  existence  ? 

1  Vhry  mUcii  fear  that  SiemCfis  will  attack  us,  on  account  of 
using  a  metal  wire  of  greater  length  than  the  hairpin  shape, and  the 
particulars  requested  above  would  be  of  the  greatest  value  to  us, 
when  they  commence  attacking  ue  on.  th^t  point.  At  any  rate,  any  in¬ 
formation  you  could  give  me,  r^gardin?  Wir*  Leaps  would  he  of  the 
greatest  help  Pf* 

If  you  could  possibly  find  a  sample  of  this  platinum  spiral 
lamp  in  your  laboratories,  we  oould  make  eplendid  use  of  same,  hut 
I  preeume  that  all  the  models  and  other  evidences  of  your  early  ex¬ 
periments  have  been  discarded.  If  you  oould,  however,  let  me  have 
a  drawing  and  some  literature  on  this  sub j eot,  it  will  assist  us 
very  materially. 

Please  give  thie  matter  your  kind  consideration  aid  let  me 
have  all  the  data,  etc,  possible  by  return  of  mail. 

With  bait  thhnks  in  advenoe  for  your  kind  aseistanoe,  I  am 


ilov.  11th,  3-911 

Hr.  John  Howell, 

General  Electric  Oo., 

Harrison,  XI.  J. 

Hear  Mr.  Howell 

I  have  a  -plan  in  rain  a  for  amine  t>  largo 
of  30  volt  16  o  an  (lie  power  laraps  of  the  Mazda  type  in  standard 
bulbs ,  and  want  to  asoertain  what  tho  average  lifo  would  he 
at  1,  1-i  and  1-c  watts  per  candle.  Can  you  let  me  have  this 
information  by  return  raail?  X  am  anxious  to  uso  it  at  once. 

If  you  can  give  me  the  aarae  information  in 
rogard  to  12  volt  12  candle  power,  I  shall  be  obliged. 
Possibly  this  latter  data  may  not  be  quickly  available,  so 
yoai  can  send  it  later. 

YoaorB  very  truly. 

Dear  Mr.  Edisons- 

A  30  volt,  16  C.P.  lamp  of  the  Mazda  WP« 
about  whioh  you  enquire  would  give  an  average  life  of  about 
300  hours  at  1.0  at  w/4  V,.p.O..  about  1300  hours,  and 

at  1-3/2  W.p.C.,  about  4,000  hours. 

V/e  have  no  data  on  12  volt,  12  C.P.  lamps, 
or  lamps  very  near  that.  I  think,  however,  that  these  lamps 
will  be  nearly  as  good  as  the  30  volt.  16  C.P.  lamps,  but  not 


Yours  very  truly, 

'"Engine sr.  Lamp  V.'orlcs* 

£C  /  — 

November  16th,  1911. 

Mr.  Edison, - 

It  occurs  to  me  that  In  the  event  of  the 
American  Addressing  and  Mailing  Company  not  being  able 
to  segregate  the  isolated  country  houses  from  city  houses, 
that  we  could  do  so  hy  the  character  of  the  post-office 
address.  Most  isolated  houses  are  reached  hy  rural  free 
delivery,  although  there  are,  of  course,  a  great  many  of 
them  on  the  outskirts  of  cities  and  towns,  which  are  served 
hy  the  regular  mail  carrier. 

I  am  writing  to  the  company,  suggesting  that  they 
segregate  hy  post  office  address. 

M.  R.  H. 

November  17th,  1911 

Ur.  Edison, - 

It,  seems  utterly  impossible  to  find 
a  cut  or  photograph  of  a  lighting  plant  for 
suburban  residences,  tnat  is  suited  for  illus 
tration  in  the  folder  we  have  prepared. 

I  have  gotten  permission  from  Mr, 
Hartford  to  send  a  photographer  to  Beal  Keaoh 
to  photograph  his  plant,  hywan  leaves  this 
morning,  and  will  have  the  negatives  developed 
and  printed  by  tomorrow  morning.  He  can  then 
get .  the  print,  to  Sshe  lithographer,  and  he  can 
make  the  cuts  by  Tuesday  morffing.  This  will  be 
as  quick  as  the  printer  will  give  us  the  print¬ 
ed  matter,  and  I  don't  think  we  will  be  losing 
any  time. 

K.  R.  H. 


Mr.  Edison," 

a  out  or  phi 
suburban  re: 
tration  In 

t  seeria  utterly  impossible  to  find 
3togrftph  of  a  lighting  plant  for 
aidsnces,  that  is  suited  for  illus- 
the  folsr  •'!'!  have  prepared. 

November  17th,  1911. 

Kr.  .Edison, - 

Bob  and  I  have  arranged  to  see 
that  house  in  Montclair  that  '-/e  aro  going  to 
v . i Up  and  equip  for  house  lighting,  /omorrovt, 
Saturday  afternoon  at  3  o 'Slock. 

Bo  you  want,  to  go? 

■///£•  n,r<tw(j 



lovember  17,  1911. 

Ehos.  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  H. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

X  have  Just  re- 
Europe  and  this  will 
me  relative  to  the  "recti| 



-which  I  prom 

M&MJU YkJf^  U . . . 

ike  to  have  it,  please  let 

you.  If  you  would h 

me  know,  and  I  will  get  it  packed  and  shipped  without  any 

,„rtto  ulw.  n-  *»*• ^ 

V/e  did  not  find  it  necessary  to  use  those  old  / 

notes  of  yours/  on  alternating  current ,  hut  are  just  as  > 

much  obliged  to  you  all  the  same/  for  the  kind  permission 
you  gave  us  to  do  so. 

Very  truly  yours. 


Deo.  14.  1911. 

(  \ 



2-lb.  Cans 

sinpte-CaBe  iten  CaBe 

Whitehall,  H.  Y. 

Utioa,  H.  Y. 

Scranton,  Pa. 
Harrisburg,  Pa. 
Beaver,  Pa. 

Johnston,  Pa. 

Du  Bols,  Pa. 

Jersey  City,  N.  J. 
Camden,  N.  J. 
Washington,  D.  C. 
Lynchburg,  Va. 
Chicago,  Ill. 

Toledo,  Ohio. 
Cleveland,  Ohio. 
Zlanesville,  Ohio. 
Columbus,  Ohio. 
Dayton,  Ohio. 
Cincinnati,  Ohio. 
Jackson,  Mich. 
Indianapolis ,  Ind . 
Terre  Haute,  Ind. 
Louisville,  Ky. 
Chattanooga,  Tenn. 
Pargo,  H.  D. 
Minneapolis,  Minn. 
Iron  Mountain,  Mioh. 
MadiBon,  Wis. 

Dubuque,  la. 

Decatur,  Ill. 

Quincy ,  Ill. 

Monmouth,  Ill. 

Des  MoineB,  la. 
Ottumwa,  Ibna. 

Sioux  City,  Iowa. 
Omaha,  Hebr. 

Bast  St.  Louis,  Ill. 
St.  Joseph,  Mo. 

Kansas  City,  Ho. 
Wichita,  Kans. 
Oklahoma  City,  Okla. 
Montgomery,  Ala. 

Hew  Orleans,  La. 
Dallas,  Texas. 
Houston,  Texas. 

El  Paso,  Texas. 
Denver,  Colo. 

Salt  Lake  City,  Utah. 
San  Prancisco,  Cal. 
Portland ,  Ore . 
Seattle,  Wash. 
Spokane,  Wash. 
Sacramento,  Cal. 
























































































10-lb.  Cans 

Bingle-dase Ten-CaBe 

$3.90  $3.45 

3.90  3.45 

3.90  3.45 

3.90  3.45 

3.90  3.45 

3.90  3.45 

3.90  3.45 

4.35  3.90 


/,  M  ■ 

i »%  u*//'/  pfeaSftJu 

1  Unw/wfP  ] 

llr.  Thomas  A.  X  d  i  s  o  n 
Llewellyn  Park  " - 


TT,  S.  A*  I  gX;'& 

Hy  dsar  Hdison:- 

f+v~T~* ?  ^ 

I  thank  you  for  your  kind  lottsr  of  the  28th Silt,  and 
bars  isuaedlately  had  a  study  made  of  your  two  Aasrioanpatents. 

I  »gr£  to  .ay,  howsrtr,  ar*  °* 

-ano.  to  u.  in  th. 

Patent  Ho.  Z2t227  deSerihos  ths  winding  °*  *7  „ 

in  a  ooil.  Although  in  Pig.  5  of  Patent  Ho.2l4637,  the  f i3 
shown  in  a  zigzag  shape,  this  does  n°t  indicate  how  the  f^rn 
is  secured  and  how  the  supports  are  oonstruoted. 

in  th.  fom  we  are  seeking,  th. 
fro*  this  point  of  wiew.  " 

Tours  tiry  truly. 



TELEGRAM  T.I.  200  Orange 

209  Main  St,,  Orange,  N, 

,  to  tirma  ind cwUllont  prlnfd  on  «■•  b.c>  °l  tH.  bT 

Th.  pmui»>a-c»jijjg«aL!!^^!!^iilI^=gjg=================^^  -  ■ 

27  NY  N  _ _ 

AD  Boston  Mass  Deo  29-11 
Tiros  A  Kdiaon 

Edison  Laboratory  S range  NJ. 

X  will  ba  in  Now  YorK  tomorrow  and  wjjjnt  to  run  over  to 
to  sea  you  few  minutes  about  electritf  light  plant  . 

Irving  ?  Oraene 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Employment  (E-11-41) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  from  or  about  employees  and 
prospective  employees.  There  are  also  letters  soliciting  Edison'sopinion 
regarding  former  employees  seeking  positions  elsewhere  Most  of  the 
correspondence  relates  to  employment  requests  for  the  West  Orange 
laboratory,  some  in  answer  to  newspaper  advertisements.  The 
correspondents  include  industrialists  Alfred  I.  OuPont  and  f  s 

well  as  laboratory  employees  Selden  G.  Warner  and  William  W.  Dinwiddle 
who  were  offered  positions  in  1911.  Other  employees  mentioned  in  the 
documents  include  Maurice  E.  Fox  in  Russia,  chemist  Ignacy  Goldstein,  and 
Goldstein's  assistant  Dr.  G.  Rosenstein. 

Approximately  25  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
selected  items  are  primarily  letters  by  Edison  and  incoming  correspondence 
bearing  substantive  Edison  marginalia. 



January  Sath,  191D!. 

ISr.  ?.i  !!.  Philips,  Managor, 

Credit  Department, 

Si i son  3 tor oc«  battery  Co., 


Doar  Sir:- 

I?of  erring  to  your  letter  of  January  24 th 
regarding  Mr.  %■  fl.  Cryon,  beg  to  say  that  I  have  '  *ftm 
Mr.  Tryon  for  some  ton  years,  and  boliovo  that  ho  will 
carry  out  any  arrangement  which  ho  males  With  you. 

Ho  has  had  a  long  business  oxporionoo  in  How 
York.  1  first  know  him  in  connection  with  tno  'Josting- 
houso  Chur c)i  Kerr  Co.,  where  lie  was  office  manager.  I 
believe  yon  will  find  him  O.K. 

Very  truly  yours, 

HENRY  W.  T.  MALI  A.  CO., 


New  York,  Ja n.  26,  1911. 

Mr.  E.H.  Philips, 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 

Orange  ,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Replying  to  yours  of  the  24th  beg 
to  say  that  we  have  known  and  dealt  with 
Mr.  Albert  S.  Goldstein  for  five  or  six 
years.  We  think  very  highly  of  him 

personally;  believe  him  to  be  respons¬ 
ible  to  the  extent  of  probably  $20,000. 

We  have  sold  him  during  this  period  at 
times  quite  freely;  he  has  owed  us 
$8,000.;  he  has  paid  strictly  prompt? 

Very  truly  yours, 

HENRY  W.I.  MALI  &  CO  . 

P.C.  ,/g 

103— 1-26-11— Con.  .  >  ' 

GOLDSTEIN  ALBERT  S.  - ?,ten*a  CLothing - JEW  YORK  CITY. 

Albert  A.  Goldstein,  age  39;  married.  (Manhattan ) 

10-12-14  S.  12th  Street 

On  November  15,  1909  at  this  address  he  confirmed  above  details 
and  stated  to  our  reporter  that  there  was  no  material  change  in  the 
business  since  statement  of  January  1,  1909  at  which  time  he  claimed 

"Financial  condition  January  1,  1909:-  '  tri  \ 

ASSETS.  ID  _  a  .1 

"Merchandise - $16,300.09  :  ;  5  J;j 

"Notes  and  accounts  receivable-- - -  6,882.74  ;  "  .r  v  'f'\  i  =! 

"Cash  on  hand  and  in  banks———  8,466.67  ~  ^  ~\3i  |j 

"Machinery  and  fixtures - — -  1,000.00  5  '  , -fi| 

"Loans - - -  308.00  - 

"Overpaid  commission - - - — - -  147.63  ’ 

"Unoxpired  insurance — — - - —  50.00-- $32-, 855, 13 


"Open  account  for  merchandise— —  —  ?  3,935.28 

"Relatives—— -  2,060.00 

"Iff*. -  412.20 

"Bills  not  passed - 4,726.44 - §11,133.92 

(Signed) ^Albert  S.  Goldstein. " 

Tie  came  from  Baltimore,  'id,  about  1904  where  he  was  employed 
by  a  prominent  fim  in  the  wholesale  clothing  business  and  when  he 
come  to  New  York  went  into  partnership  with  33.  E.  Phillips  under 
style  33dward  33.  Phillips  ft  Co.  which  firm  wtib  succeeded  by  Phillips, 
Stiefel  ft  Co.  which  continued  for  three  years  and  was  believed  suc¬ 
cessful.  He  withdrew  January  17,  1907  and  on  January  26,1907  com¬ 
menced  in  present  business.  Personally  he  is  well  regarded,  con¬ 
sidered  capable  and  believed  conducting  an  active  and  progressive 
business  and  former  estimtCi  of  means  (J20,000  is  sustained. 

TRADE  OPINIONS : -Fiva  houses  interviewed  credit  him  from  $800 
to  $4,000  on  thirty  days  land  four;  months  terras  and  payments  are  an¬ 
ticipated.  w-  , 

November  16,  1909. 

In  response  to  request  for  statement. he  gave  above  personal 
details  and  submitted  the  following  dated  January  18,  1910  received  by 
.■mil  January  19,  1910:-  ,-m 

"The  following  is^a  statement  of  my  financial  'condition  aB  it 
"appeared  December  4,  1909,  as  per  inventory:- 

"Her chan di oo  $13,860.01  les3  10?'  for  depreciation— $12,474.01 
"Notes  and  accounts  receivable — — - - -  10,932.45 

"Cash  on  hand  and  in  bank - - - 

“Fixtures - 

"Advanced  commissions - — 

"Total  assets— - - - - - 


"On  open  account  for  merchandise— $-1*769. 13 
"On  open  account  for  mdse. in  transit-  855.54 

"Borrowed  money  to  brother— - - —  2,000.00 

"For  manufacturing  not  due — -  263.15 

"Net  wealth - - -  23,706.55 - 

"Stock  fully  covered  at  all  timos  by  insurance. 

(Signed)  Albert  S.  Goldstein." 






GOLDSTEIH  ALBERT  S,  - - — -Continued  (2) - - BOT  YORK  CITY. 

He  is  believed  to  be  transacting,  an  active  business  under 
1  ig] 1 1  expense.  Is  personally  well  regarded  and  allowing  for  depre¬ 
ciation  is  estimated  worth  $20,000. 

TRADE  OPINIONS: -Seven  houses  interviewed  credit  him  from  §500 
to  $1,000  and  one  house  up  to  $5',000  on  .sixty  days  a.nd  four  months, 
and  payments  are  anticipated  as  a  rule. 

IPabruary  12  ,  1910. 

He  is  believed  transacting  an  active  business  under  moderate 
expense.  Jo  well  regarded  personally  and  estimated  v/orth  $20,000. 

TRADE  OPINIONS: -Eight  houses-  interviewed  credit  him  from 
$500  to  $5,000  on  sixty  days  and  four  months  and  payments  are  prompt 
to  fairly  prompt.  ■  • 

60-535  -j  fc 

■September  1,  1910, 


SSr*  Please  note  11  NAME, 

BUSINESS  and  ADDRESS  correspond  with  your  Inquiry. 

c/  '  V/o  ;a  a,  5,009.... 10/ 12  ‘w. 

1.  ....  ,*  •  :  r.A  Hid  n:c««J4  SUOtaCOO  till  OU.'i  ac: 

.0  ILCc-r.:.'  K-.iUii>8  &  Co.  •-.aiv.h  i.  i'-O-J 
SUotol  ur.'i  a.l  iiSc.;.  SC  V-io  fir:;  twid  ntylo 
;:,ir  1,)0  suciibl  <■-.  r.y.  Goldetein  srasire-t  ira.  *«■ 

;  \“"V ..  vi  0  •  t\y...  3,t,i  toUov.i o-,ai  tO;’t  r.c  ivjovo.  f. 
.1',) Wic  •' >.r  .  ot-  r.»  E.  Kililipa  &  Co.  ha  t;.-.r.w-l 
ftcnoat;'.  .V:;,300f  ar.A  on  :iio  rouiro  s'ron  SM 

i  I  .<0.  .  1907  ho  Ota’.oa  ■ 

ci' Vt'i:.v.  c-c-r  -inOto  ov  ?3,533 
xoc.L. .  . mil 



fl  vale. 

3,530.^.;  in  g61j7a 

‘i'll....  3,000.00 


yil, 133.93 

. ,  721.51 

Kf’M-os’oo  aono writ b*tc ooi va’clo .  novel-  burned  ouU 

iuia  eelaeia  aaho  favors.  I® 

U  NAME,  BUSINESS  and  ADDRESS  correspond  v 

ALBERT  S.  GOLDSTEIN  — — —  Mf  r.  Clothing, 

Under  date  of  Janes',  llio”***  Sttld'the^follSSing  Signed  state, ent 
6s  from,  inventory  of  Dec.  4,  19o9S” 



Merchandise  at  depreciated  coat  $13,860.01;  extra  de¬ 
preciation  $1,386. 

Outstanding  accounts,  new, 

Outstanding  accounts  over  one  years, 

Machinery  and  fixtures, 

Advanced  commission  and  cash  on  hand, 

Cash  in  hank, 

liabilities; - 

For  merchandise  on  hand  $1 ,769.13;  in 

§855.54  .  p  000*00 

Loan  from  brother, 

Bor  manufacturing,  not.  due,  - SSSilS. - fe^BggTgg- 


»„er  .«r 

11-jblllt  meny  in  thine  line,  he  le  not  believed  to  heve 

added  anything  of  moment  to  capital  during  the  past  year-  be  • 

sold  tr  some  representative  houses,  in  a  few  instances  on  short  time 
at  hie  own  option  .  his  average  purchases  range  from  a  few  hundred  ( 
dollars  to  about  $3,500  and  payments  are  reported  as  satisfactory.  ^ 

♦  4,8. 

35-a-.3!0-ll— Prim  . 

TRY01!  JWAHK  C . 

A-e  ns,  married . 

OO  Church  St . 
Hudson  Terminal  Bldg, 

Yay  10,1910  at,  thisiaddress 
personal  details  arid^ st^d : 

)ur  reporter  above 

"three  yo 

3  had  i 

3  engin 
a  spes 
an  iriti| 

S**  *. 

SaMSS  wa-ts... 

which  I  vv  as  also  a  diSictoi.  Botn  f  a  prominent 

*1-.  “  sfs4  SS  ■ 

He  acts  as  a  Gas 
ienue ,  aijd-v/as  -well  spSfc* 
is  inessf at  10t.h  Avenue  n 
1  •  -  s  some  of 

name  of  Bran k  Tyron  < 
A  large  number 

of  judgim 



jr'L  crU*** 


cT-  /ns. 

.  _, _ ___ 

1*0 'H'*'  , 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
C/O  Edison’s  Lahore 
Orange,  N.J. 


jr  March  20,  X91X. 

3  j'Jd  j  1 1 

i  the  National  City  Bank 

My  friends  in  the  National  oipy 
Net,  York  have  asked  me  to  find  out  from  you  about  the  ability . 
trustworthiness,  character  and  standing  of  JEr.  Alfred  J. 
Thompson,  who  was  in  your  employ  four  and  one  half  years 
nn  metallurgist,  and  also  his  skill  and  scientific  knowledge 

a  metal  expert.  So 

the  items  which  the 

-q  his  all-around  character,  whether  he  is 

depended  upon,  not  only  ! 

a  business  proposition. 
Third:  V/hat  do  you  th 

under  obligatii 


't.erv*  LAS'*"* 

cx,  t ^^-dQ,cM 

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’  «fw 


„  N^'crf  'f»‘«-  >,  -1’ 



With  kind  regards,  believe  me 

Yours  very  sincerely 

Mar oh  26,  19X1. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

C/0  Edison’s  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  I)eox  Edison: 

I  have  yours  of  the  24th  snd  am 
very  much  obliged  to  you  for  the  information  you 
give  we  about  young  Thompson. 

Yours  truly 


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Stfjtfirrn  If  If  rt  nr  (Uuntiiang 

Juno  7th,  1911. 
EB  T0  ACP-D4. 

MELS  OH  C.  DURAND,  ESQ,,  / 

Edison  Business  Phonograph  Company, 

Orange ,  New  Jersey# 

Dear  Mr#  Durand t- 

Confirming  our  telephone  talk  of  this  morning,  do  you 
think  you  can  find  a  place  in  your  laboratories  at  Orange,  Hew 
Jersey,  for  Mr.  Alden  Crankshaw,  a  young  man  nineteen  years  of  age 
who  has  just  finished,  his  first  year  at  the  Massachusetts  Institute 
of  Technology  where  he  is  talcing  a  course  of  Chemical  Engineering 
and  wants  a  position  during  the  Bummer  vacation? 

This  young  man  is  particularly  interested  in  all  kinds  of 
laboratory  work  along  the  lines  in  which  he  is  specialising,  is  good 
at  mathematics  and  has  done  some  draughting.  As  I  told  you  this 
morning,  while  I  should  appreciate  anything  you  can  do  in  his  be¬ 
half  I  do  not  exactly  feel  as  though  I  were  asking  a  favor  because  I 
am  sure  that  Mr.  Crankshaw  would  be  an  exceedingly  valuable  man  for 

your  Company. 

X  will  consider  as  a  personal  favor  anything  you  can  do 
to  further  Mr.  Crankshaw’s  desire  to  obtain  employment. 

HSrairrn  1£U*rtrir  (fijtmjmng 


The  Edison  Phonograph  Company, 

Orange,  New  jersey. 

Dear  Mr.  Durand:  - 

.1  find  that  My.  Alden  Crankshaw  cannot  call  Eriday 
morning,  hat  will  call  Saturday  instead.  If  this  will  he  in¬ 
convenient  for  you,  will  you  please  have  your  office  bo  advise 

,  0  \'v 

"f-*  >  £ 



June  9th,  1911. 

Mr.  Julius  Johnson, 
553  Forty- Sixth  St., 
Brooklyn,  IT.  Y. 

Dear  Sir: 

We  beg  to  advise  that  wo  non  have  on 
opening  in  our  Engineering  Dopartipent  for  a  designer 
on  moving-picture  work. 

As  per  our  rocent  conversation,  the  position 
win  pay  $24.00  por  week  to  a  man  competent  to  oar:-y  on 
the  work  in  view. 

If  you  oaro  to  aooept  this  proposition, 
ploaso  report  at  as  early  a  dato  as  possible,  and  if  you- 
cannot,  please  advise  us  to  that  effoot. 

Yours  vory -truly, 




TAt'-— S 


-ffifc  -  wii. 

(sh+h  f 

C<-'^  t/O"  S  <-A>-Ct_A^v^V 


^x..c  <?.^*-'!'^*  .'"  ^  ^  '  1 



y Chemical 



June  16th  1911* 

Mr.  H.  F.  Miller,  Secretary, 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  heg  to  thank  you  for  your  favor  of  the  14th 
instant  and  in  accordance  with  your  instructions  will  in¬ 
sert  the  want  advertisement,  which  you  enclosed,  in  our 
July  issue,  sending  the  replies  to  your  laboratory. 

Thanking  you  for  your  instructions,  we  are. 

Yours  very  truly, 




39  S  41  LEONARD  STREET. 








EW  YORK,  Li  J  ^  U. 



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Baker  &  Company,  Inc. 

Platinum,  Gold  and  Silver  Refiners 
Assayers  and  Smelters 

Nos.  408,  410,  412  and  414  New  Jersey  Railroad  Ave. 

Newark,  New  Jersey,  U.  S.  A„ 

JUly  20th,  1911 

Ur.  Harry  Millar,  seo'y., 

Thoa.  A.  Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  H.  J.» 

Dear  sir:- 

Mr.  (matte,  says «r,  of  #  SO  Matte  St.,  seat  orange,  «. 

.ho  olalma  to  hat.  baoT^Toyed  In  roar  laboratory  fan  alx  ««•  «*  *» 
have  advanced  fro.  tt.00  to  ,1.-00  ...h  In  turn.  yean..  »>• 

to  n.  for  a  poeltlon  ae  holier  In  out  laboratory,  and  ha.  given  your  nano 
a.  .  reference.  toy  Infcrmtlon,  ttth  nhlch  you  my  be  tt«.ed  to  favor 
a.  to  hi.  Sharaoter,  habit.,  .to.,  ttll  be  duly  .bpr.01.tad  and 
considered  strictly  confidential. 

Thanking  you  In  advance  for  an  early  reply,  we  are 
Very  truly  yours, 


FZ-NW • 

por  Dr«  F*  Ziramentiann 



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The  CffATFiELD  Manufacturing  Company 


Carthage,  Ohio 

Sept.  14-th,  1911. 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange ,  II.  J  •  C£p  j  q  ,£  |  j 

Dear  Sir: 

Dr.  Rosenstein  has  applied  to  ua  for  position  as 
chemist  and  has  given  us  your  name  for  reference.  Anything  you 
can  tell  us  about  Mr.^ftfienstein  as  to  qualifications  and 
character  will  he  appreciated  and  strictly  confidential. 

We  are  looking  for  a  man  who  has  a  future  and  cannot  to  afford  to 
experiment ■ 

Enclosed  please  find  self  addressed  and  stamped 
envelope  for  reply. 

Yours  truly, 






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Oct.  21  /1911, 


Ur.  ThoB.  A.  .Edison, Eb<i.  , 

Li'ivnlyn  Park,Wast  Or&nga.Naw  Jar say, 

Uy  da&r  Mr.  Edison: 

Tatoatorv  Viill  you  kindly  lat  jn  know  whan  you  ara  about  0  g1!”  “2  * 
i .  I  ? ' ut  ;  Jh w  aitid  ah’  would  nova  out  to  West  Oranga  if  I  go£  a 

sate  ?s  BtE-tsss  'Jtt&sr  ■ 

USP5»  E«op'.”7lSa.S%',r,  Ms  la  *.*>  plctun  . 

Trusting  you  will  answar  this  latt<»r,I  romdin, 

w*tf*«NV  1 

Vary  truly  yours,  ^ 


p. ,Si  .  Tall  Thaodora  to  wrlta  to  ma  .  You  will  find  a  BtampadJ 
anovoiopa,  addrassad"  o  ma. . 

Has  tar  Chaa.  .  A.  John  b  on 
c/o  J.B.  Curtis, 

115  Broadway, 

New  York, 



Gbe  College  of  the  Clt?  of  •Mew  l?orft 

^Department  of  Cbemistcg 

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©epartment  ot  Cbemistcg 

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^C,LS^i^  ^  C'  cfv^/ 

&Us>  "l>t 

The  Alvan  Clark 


Sons  Corporation 


1  ^ 

c  ido^oht  am.  November  13,  1911. 


Ur . Thomas  A. Edison, 

West  Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir^  tQ  gpply  for  a  portion  in  your  laboratories. 

X  have  been  tTtl7 Clar?1  Corporation * 

charge  of  the  mocnanical  o.epas  ox  t  of  the  business  to 

ssc=“s*s?  4  • 

>.,.  wilt  here  .oliraw  si.  sue.  .  i u :ivo  x ,  .  tro  of  there  chines. 

*« iiouTs  ?Rr  lens- 

The  machine  does  better  work.  ^ 

The  making  of  object  glaBRSB  is  in  the  t^|i®®°^e^0fete|eh  anyone 
Ur.  Lund  in.  who  learned  it  from  the  the  optical  department  bey  and 

S«“t.“»Se  &E3S^  gC,f ».»  «.vrtop».nt  my  ™«  »<*» 

will  Boon  be  at  an  end. 

I  ny  o*n  W  .t  »l»g ,g  .t 

electric  light  wiring  “Jor  ^5?™LS ^ while  a  student  there,  has  an 

lssistantratt:the  Waval  eSeditions^tf  Oe^gia.^atra* 

ass?  yV^S&SttrBO^aes 

brushes^  and  proved  ^^ni^r^on^attM^c^s  ^Stles  lH 

diameter^and  l^'inc;.'  thick  Especial  band  saw 

S^iftSJS  *acke  -ing  «#  of  all 

lumber  ueed.^  ieft  a  pOBltlon  except  for  what  I  considered  a  better 
one.  I  am  35  years  old  ana  married. 

t  nimUfv  as  a  pattern-maker,  tool- 

I  can  work  vrith  my  hands.  I  “C+ «ffian  Have  made  several 

maker,  of  brass  over  ?1bO  worth  of  fine  tools  microme¬ 

tre1  dr  awing^  instrument s^etc'. ,  and  have  the  best  and  latest  books 
astronomical  and  optical  instruments.  sawyer  of  H.U. Sawyer  &  Son, 

You  are  at  liberty  to  write  interest  in  the  coup  oration. 

East  Cambridge,  Hass,  who  owns  a  interested  here, 

neither  Mr.Lundi 

Very  truly  yours, 

//,  'TL\.„„Ws/'S 

.  M.  SERGEANT,  V»ee.Pi«.  end 




Niagara  Falls.  N.Y.  n/l4/ll. 

Dr.  «.  Rosonsteim-  1352  Clinton  Aye.  ,  Bronx.  »on  PW- 

has  applied  to  us' tor  a  position  as  chemiot. 

places  of  executive  responsibility. 

Kindly  give  us  any  information  you  may  oare  to  ,do  in  the  light  of  this 
fact  regarding  Br.  Rosenstein. 

‘fhanhing  you  in  advance,  we  £ 

Vary  truly  yours, 


HDP :  iiAB . 

PP.ES.  &  GEKL.  MGR. 


At  . 

.  jr* 

x'  /ir,^  j,  \y 

fr{^  l^jf/EST  ^D*faS  STRgf't.  CrfcifO,  ILLINOIS 

,r  A  J  ■■'■' 

Thomaa  A.  Edison, 


/[>•'  ,*■"*  ^  /  v*-'"  £ 

“*  ^ V  />~vNov9mber£l8,£l911. 

•*■  J‘ cf^.-’i' / 
s/,V  ! 

o/o  Edison’ a  laboratory. 

Orange,  N.J. 

Mjr  Dear  Edison: 

I  understand  that  you  are  looking 
for  a  first  class  factory  man.  who  is  good  on  organisation. 
I  can  recommend  very  strongly  Lieutenant  H.  X.  Eyre, 
who  reorganized  the  methods  of  the  Lamp  Tories  at  Harrison 
originally  and  who  was  afterwards  with  the  National 
Lamp  Company.  Hr.  Morrison  of  the  Harrison  Lamp  V/orke 
knows  all  about  Lieutenant  M.  K.  Eyre.  X  do  not  want 
to  send  Lieutenant  ^re  to  you  unless  you  want  to  see 
him.  as  I  do  not  want  to  bother  you.  Would  you  please 
let  me  know  by  return  mail  whether  you  are  looking  for  a 
good  factory  executive  and  if  you  would  care  to  have  me 
send  Lieutenant  Eyre  to  you. 

'  -C-Lif.  C  C  f  t 

Yours  truly 

Astronomical  Telescopes 

November  22,  1911. 

Mr. Thomas  A.Bdinon, 

West  Orange,  1I.J. 

Dear  Sir: 

In  reply  to  your  letter  of  the  Rlst.  inst. 

per  non t'n 

find  ne  worth  more 

per  Mr. Miller: 

I  would  he  willing  to  start  on  4175. 
and  trust  you  to  increase  the  amount  if  y 
than  that  to  you. 

The  first  year  I  war;  superintendent  of  the  Ames-Bonner 
factory  in  Toledo  I  received  4175^3^  month,  the 
second  year  CBOO.oo  per  month. 

X  cane  here  on  a  salary^ 4,2000. oo>A  year, which 
X  have  earned,  hut  withojj^irther^elopnent  of  the 
business  ay  place  cap^  fille^y  a  cheaper  nan. 
ry  trw'yours, 

'  ^  fa  fa,  . 

ly  November  27, 


Thomaa  A.  Edison,  Eaq., 

Care  Edison’ a  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J.  .  ...x 

Mjr  Dear  Ediaon: 

1  have  Mr.  Miller’s  letter  of 
the  21at.  Lieutenant  U.  K.  Eyre’s  address  is 
308  West  97th  Street,  New  York  City.  I  think 
it  would  be  worth  your  while  to  see  him,  as  I 
believe  that  he  could  save  you  lots  of  money  as 
a  critic  of  manufacturing  methods. 

Yours  truly 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Mi  sen, 

Grange,  N.J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison,  ^  ^  u  V' 

I  note  with  pleasure  your  adv e rt 
the  Army  &  Navy  Journal  under  date  of  Novemt$^|8$ 
and  to  learn  from  it  that  my  friend  Mr.  Hu^iion/ 
become  so  closely  identified  with  you.  L  “ 

I  have  knovm  Mr.  Hutchison  for  a  gT 
of  years,  and  have  always  been  impressed  with  his  genius 
as  an  inventor  and  his  ability  in  matters  executive. 

This,  as  you  have  probably  discovered  yourself,  is 
rather  an  unusual  combination,  and  I  am  extremely  pleased 
that  Mr.  Hutchison  is  in  a  position  to  demonstrate  his 
value.  I  am  much  interested  in  watching  his  progress, 
as  I  have  always  felt  confident  that  if  he  had  the  op¬ 
portunity  he  would  become  a  man  of  prominence. 

I  desire  to  take  this  opportunity  to  state 
that  my  experience  with  your  lotteries  for  lighting  on 
my  yacht  has  been  of  the  most  flattering  character. 

Vnurs  veTV  +.  ruly. 

•'  f 

The  Aivan  Clark 

:  Sons  Corporation 


y^&bey.^,  i  J. 

A,W  X* p:.#'11  Y-  JXS\ 

"  -'ts*  H 

of  the  38thvinst.,  in  regard  to  bosition 

Mr . Thomas  A. Edison, 

West  Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir: 

In  reply  to  your  letter  c 

in  the  laboratory: 

I  .nolo..  •  snap  rtot  or  oo  voter.  *>ni,  ««■>  -  *”  a0® 

,  h„o  BOV  Voter  H  to  vote  for  a  rhoVosrwter  .lnoo  «o»»  U»  »»«*““ 
and  SO  have  nothing  better  to  send. 

X»  tll„  loot  off  roar.  I  »  *“  W  W 

„a  consiflerable  .ratio.  for  »«»,«»  «W  «•  ’“*«<*  ** 

but  I  am  not  much  worse  for  wear. 

,  o-ovr  t  '"i-1 1  bo  clad  to  cone  to  Orange 

Without  obligating  you  in  any  ..ay,  I 

to  see  you.  I  can  bring  drawings  of  instruments  and  machines,  also  k> 
iettern  and  other  evidence  of  my  work.  I  will  have,  to  bo  in  Cambridge 
on  Saturday  morning  December  9th,  but  could  come  at  any  other  time  next 

very  truly  yours, 

November  29,  1911 

Kr  ,  TTidi  son  ,  - 

'Hits  term  Norton  v/hom  I  have 

'  ?»'?  • 
He  is  now  getting  :>'20 .00  per  *e«'  1 
wcuid  like  to  raise  him  H.OO  P« 
week,  or  to  'fXl.OO  per  week.  Ho  <le~ 

«,  •; ,  jlWWJltaOtf. 

Dec/  1st,  1911 

Alfred  X.  Du  Pont,  Esq. , 

Wilmington,  Delaware . 

My  Dear  Kr.  Du  Pont:- 

Your  esteemed  favor  of  the  27th  nit.  has  het?n 
resolved,  and  I  would  say  in  reply  that  it' has  given  me  great 
pleasure  to  read  your  kind  expressions  in  regard  to  our  mutual 
friend  Mr.  Hutehison,  as  I  fully  oolnoide  with  you  in  your 
opinion  of  him. 

Allow  me  to  thank  you  for  the  information  as  to 
your  experience  with  my  batteries  for  lighting  on  your  yacht. 
It  is  gratifying  to  learn  that  you  are  so  favorably  impressed 
with  their  performances. 

Yours  very  truly. 


'*?  a  y  j  ■ 

If  Ms  ulvirwM  O'-  (o&pwv, 

(3'1'Aa'I  K  a- 
f'ihj  dctvw  Tf'hl  fcvA^«v, 

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(/ Z/l't'l  /LsUlAA'L'f  A/jAA,'\yiyO , 

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A)y>/) _ 


Deo.  18th,  1911 

Mr.  Y7. 

W.  Dinwiddle, 

o/o  Alvan  Clark  ft  Son  Corporation, 
Cambridge,  A, 


Dear  Sir:- 

Hefcrring  to  our  conversation  a  fow  days  ago,  I 
beg  to  say  that  I  oan  give  you  a  position  here  at  forty-two 
dollars  ($42.00)  per  week,  and  shall  be  glad  to  have  you  oome 
ready  for  work  February  1st. 

PleaBe  advise  me  of  yoiir  acceptance. 

Yours  truly. 

n?5C ora'o e  r  l'.i ,  1011. 

Mr  ,  Miiion,” 

’o:-:  Ins  f@®> 

.  Hl-a  results 
-.t-.r.  THd  j  ud,',e* 
credit  *  m,in 
:io  la  ni'V/ 

Kiln  ■■•5.00 
i.-:d  of 

,  -r,  UUTOHISCH. 

lvle(-li-i(-al  and  Appliances. 

Waverly  Park,  Newark.  N.-J.  . .  _BoD.cnifc£r- 27,  19H- 

-V/.JI.-T - 

[flisozL  Inb  oratory, 

Host  Oronn®,.  ”«  J.  i 


i'r .  Maurice  . 
255 . Belmont--' 

*y . has  applied  to  this  oompany  for 

niootrlcel  instrument  „  ,  • 

employments^ (  -Designer  and^olaims^to  have  been  employed  by  you 


3  ..Assist ent . Elootrionl  Instrument . ./. . under 

Ih-. . C. 

'rewr., . S 

during  . . 

Your  answer  will  be  held  in  striot  confidence ,  without  prejudice 
to  you,  and  we  trust  that  you  will  treat  our  inquiry  as  confidential, 
and  consider  us  at  your  service  for  similar  refer ences  or  oth er- 
wise.  We  enclose  herewith  stamped  envelope,  and  thanking  you  m 

advanoe  for  an  early  reply,  we  remain, 

Yours  very  truly, 



Employed  from  .  tc 

Were  servioes  satisfactory?-- 

..  Employed  s 

.  Does  he  apply  self? . 

Honest? .  Sober?- .  Capable?  Are  you  related? . 

Reason  for  leaving  your  employ? 

Would  you  re employ? 

Remarks : 

Day  of 


Weston  Electrical  instrument  Co.. 

Waverly  park. 




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Juu*  «  lid*  &*rm~e.- 

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“%( ivucxmI  'HHKMS&I  ?*  ‘ 

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y  ■'twdi-  i^  Un^  b  &.  .faf  £> 

*/  (fax'll  Ol^  ''l/t^ccJ\_j 

(MAis-tl^uZ^.  a,/ 

Edison  General  File  Series 

1911.  Equipment  and  Supplies  [not  selected]  (E-11-42) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining 
to  the  purchase  of  equipment  and  supplies  for  the  West  Orange  laboratory. 
Also  included  is  unsolicited  correspondence  from  vendors  and  suppliers, 
along  with  documents  concerning  the  settlement  of  accounts. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  European  Tour  (E-11-43) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining 
to  arrangements,  appointments,  activities,  and  publicity  during  the  period 
June-October  1911,  when  Edison  and  his  family  visited  England,  France, 
Germany,  Switzerland,  and  other  destinations.  The  correspondents  include 
longtime  Edison  associates  Theron  I.  Crane,  William  Kennedy  Laurie  Dickson, 
Francis  Jehl,  and  Edward  H.  Johnson,  as  well  as  John  F.  Monnot  of  the 
Klaxon  Co.  Some  of  the  correspondence  with  Jehl  and  Monnot  concerns  the 
repair  of  Edison's  hired  car. 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  were  not  selected:  unsolicited  requests 
from  European  admirers  for  Edison's  opinion,  aid,  advice,  and  autograph: 
inquiries  regarding  interviews  with  Edison  and  articles  written  by  him; 
untranslated  foreign-language  letters;  unsolicited  calling  cards,  postcards,  and 
routine  greetings. 

Newspaper  clippings  relating  to  the  tour  can  be  found  in  Scrapbook, 
Cat.  44,447— European  Tour  (1911)  in  the  Scrapbook  Series. 



Brjiartawut  nf  fflnramme  mth  ffiabnr 



If  purchaser  claims  to  to  a  Uaitoil  States  citizen,  tliat 
fact  should  ho  stated  on  line  t,  ami  name,  approximate 
ago  and  sox  should  ho  given.  No  farther  information 
concerning  Unitod  States  citizens  need  ho  recorded. 

In  and ivoring  question  8,  the  year  of  arrival  should 
always  ho  stated.  If  alion  has  hoon  in  the  United  States 
loss  than  two  years,  the  month  of  arrival  should  also  he 
given,  and  day  of  month  as  nearly  ns  possible, ,  »n  order  to 
determine  whether  alion  has  hoon  in  the  United  States  a 

y°In  roidy  to  question  10,  if  alien  is  unnhlo  to  stato  where 
ho  is  going  to  live,  tlio  answer  “undecided  may  he 

Tlio  following  is  tlio  list  of  races  : 

Armenian,  ''  Magyar, 




py  Ccob^JL,  yi/UA 

Oa  V.  ^ 

a  >, ,  <&u>i,  a/iMS,  [fawv  , 

^  dn- 

fotfr  lMwtn\  ($i  e&*>  CnU) 

out*  m no  MtAMMd. 

Ed/ mm  S 

5m  P/4  ^  55  E  lilt'll  SMl  H\  CrnuUAH  Ci*. 


Assopiremo-  '  C^/rrm^~^  oitwhaT 
fLywouT/i  - 

.  O-  AA. 


.  Ri/zLAAioa-  • 


Ec  HAFAUd-  f9^ 

So^  HuZ&ENrk  - 

O^.TfO.a.E,  _ 

O^to/Pm wfl/K 
.  CL AjzJi- 

0tf>  , 


y «. 



^<z^<u2  <^-=^ 


/?//-  07-Z-2- 



valuable  time  in  honouring  my  laboratory  with  a  visit,  as  I  should 

lihe  you  to  see  whnt  X  am  doing  over  here. 

Van  you  be  good  enough  to  let  me  lmow  what  time  you 
expect  to  reach  London  and  if  there  is  any  mortal  thing  X  can  do 

for  you  please  command  me. 

V/ith  every  good  wish, 

Yours  sincerely. 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Jnc. 

Orange  ,N.J.,U.  S.  A. 

Edison  Phonographs  and  Records 

Edison  Primary  Balteries 
EdisonKinetoscopes  andMotion  Picture  Films 
Edison  Business  Phonographs 

as  doubtless  some  of  the  others  will. 

I  want  to  offer  my  best  wishes  for a.  pleasant 
voyaGe  across ,  an  enjoyable  sojourn  In  Europe, 
and  a  safe  return  in  the  fall. 

Very  truly  yours. 

C.  C  nA 



-rrw.  £  o/s'-n'  - 

P-r  ,.C 

August;  16  th,  1011, 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Miacn, 

It  organ  Harjes  and  0o., 

Paris,  prance . 

Bear  Mr.  Edison, - 

I  am  sending  you  under  separate  oover,  aap£'.*cf 
another  letter  received  from  Pox.  I  am  sending  you  these  various 
communications  because  I  think  you  should  know  of  developments 
in  this  line,  I  am  enclosing  herewith,  a  clipping  of  your 
old  friends  Mutt  and  Jeff.  You  can  see  how  famous  you  are 
getting  when  these  two  illustrious  gentlemen  folio.'  your 
example  by  taking  a  vacation. 

Yours  sincerely. 


€SXC*<-d^^^  'TksJLy 
■-  -  >>'  -  - 

Bear  Perry 

I  have  not  heard  from  you  in  on  age. 

The  New  York  Worl^  has  been  very  ,  energetic  hy  ke?pine_uiiop>^ 


through  Paris . 

■y~  ■  ,Wone  of  nit  has  heard  wo^raMf«m  ^e|014JtapAinoeJM 

information  .about  him  from  the  -  newspapers  . 

-That  did  you  auoceed  in  doing  <with 'him  while  you  had  hla? 

'•I1  hope  won  closed-  up  a  good;  business  with  him. .  ,  1  ., 

.  the  01*  Man  gets  'back.  V  ■ 

■  v’ c: •*!'.' v  it  under  your  hat,-  .but., we  are,  going  toM"hPW- 




:  him.  ‘ . 

“  i  a»  8tlli'ha«i^lt.,a8  usual,,  and  am,- talcing  ny  ***f*™- 

■A,  v.  to  -7-Ai  M,‘  •  '  ;  !'  - 

states  thaVaMn  "ho  |”°^ecl|^??e»oS^raad  w*to  SulSd., 
He1 -i  was  '  interview  ad  .up-tp^datp^from.ffrepon  oreaa  i  Qf  hilB|  he 


■:  Yours/  3;inoeraljr,‘.;; 

;;0  .r: /  •  ••«  o, 



■4DON.  -  BERLIN.  - 

the  KLAXON  CO.,  ltd. 

Warning  Signals 


PAR1S>  lEtth. Septenber.19  11. 

Mr.  M.  R.  Hutchison, 

Ohe  Biison  Storage  Battery  0° 

rmATinE  N.J. 


My  dear  Hutch, 

I  have  you  re  of  the  let.  In  at.  and  note  content*. 

I  know  that  the  "New  York  World"  report*  le  following 
c  lonely  Mr.  Ed  in  on  and  I  met  him  several  times.  Since  Hr.  Ed  Icon 
ftr  BrtteerlMd  and  Austria  1  have  no  *ws  »om  him  and  I 
expected  to  see  him  b*£k  in  Ikrls  before  now.  1  ® "f 

enjoying  his  trip  and  forgets  about .ml  ting.  I ««e i* 

treating  you  in  the  «ame  manner.  You  mus t  not  b«Ueve S-?*??— 
American  papers  are  publishing  about  him  as  they  are 
a/mm  nmmm  qT  snv  kind.  I  have  no  infbruBtion  bm  t»o  the  automobile 
accident  they  haw  been  referring  to  but  * 

has  been  nothing  serious  as  the  touring  trip  is  follwilng^Us^^^; 
of  course  and  no  report  of  any  accident  has  «ne  to  the  ttMier^  rney 
are  sending  money  to  the  chauffeur  every  week  and  he  is  reporting  to 
them  also  every  week  and  has  made  no  mention  o^any  Jt  ^ 

the  10th.  instant.  I  bad  informed  you  by  my^Tetter  what  had 
happened  with  the  Old  Man  and  as  X  am  sailing  With  him  on  t2ie 
Inst  wa  will  have  an  opportunity  of  talking  over  matters, 
met.  we  wii  /TsuSSetteraoklng,  X  have  not  been  deprived  much 
while  wlthhlm  as  I  have  smoked  many  good  cigars  •h1*  ^ 

compensated  the  lack  of  cigarettes.  IT  Mr.  Edison  does  not  come  to 
Parle  as  he  acpected  X  am  going  to  meet  him  in  BerUn  ag am  before 
'  he  sails  to  see  the  Bargmann  factory  and  gather  sane  Information  on 
the  electric  traction. 

Awaiting  the  pleasure  of  seeing  you  soon,  I. remain. 



sfasUfa**.  / 


yjy/c  &&  sate4*fi  <»***■ 

(^frtlu^W<l-&>  *////r  Sclitt  n  ~t///cotJy/l^ 


L  \ 


September  I5th.  I9II. 

Dear  Mr .Edison 

I  am  very  glad  to  Enow  that  you  have 
arrived  in  Prague .and  I  would  be  pleased  to  call  with  I»«. 
Brittain  about  eleven  this  morning  if  you  will  be  at  the 
hotel  at  that  time.  I  called  this  morning, but  was  too  early. 

I  would  also  be  pleased  to  have  you  go  with  me  to  call 
upon  the  Governor  of  Bohemia, if  he  is  in  the  city. If  you 
will  please  let  me  know  whether  it  will  be  convenient  for 
you  to  call  to  see  the  Governor  I  will  at  once  endeavor  to 
arrange  the  time, and  will  inform  you. 

I  also  hope  you  will  call  at  the  consulate  before  you 

leave  the  city. 

Very  respectfully. 

American  Consul. 


53  Mariengasse. 

Deutsches  Verlagshaus  Bong  &  Co. 

Verlag  von 

“Zur  Guten  Stunde"  —  “Fur  Alle  Welt” 

tllustricrte  Ztilschrillen 


BJ/D  .  BERLIN  W.S7,  *„22ntiQf  September  11 

Thomas  Alva  Edison  Esq. 
c/o  Mr.  Sigmund  Bergmunn 

Berlin  B.  W:_7 
1 •  Sommerstrasse  4 

Dear  Sir,  . 

We  did  already  take  the  liberty  of  addressing 
to  you  the  following  lines  to  Marienbad  and  Dresden.  But 
in  case  those  two  letters  did  not  reach  you  we  beg  your  par 
don  by  bothering  you  again  with  the  following. 

For  almost  a  year  or  so  we  are  corresponding 
with  Messrs.  Harper  &  Bros,  of  Hew  York  and  with  Mr.  Thomas 
C.  Martin  regarding  the  rights  of  translation  of  the  book 

His  Life  and  Inventions 

for  the  entire  German  language.  We  would  highly  appreciate 
your  kindness  if  you  yould  do  anything  in  this  matter,  as 
we  are  very  much  interested  in  publishing  a  German  edition 
of  this  book.  If  you  do  wish  a  personal  meeting,  a  gentle¬ 
man  of  our  firm  will  be  at  your  disposal. 

Trusting' to  hear 

from  you,  we  beg  to  remaii 
mdst  respectfully  yours. 

nrrscHES  mumm 

GRUNEWALD  ..*2  .  .50.P.!)...ixU.  I0 

X  H.  Block  ™ 


Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. 


My  dear  Sir;- 

I  „a„  on  the  eve  of  starting  for  Moscow  .when  the  papers  brought 
the  nows  that  you  are  in  Germany  &  on  the  way  to  Berlin. 

Would  you  &  your  family  give  us  the  honor  to  spend  a  few  hours 
in  our  home  erected  a  short  time  ago  according  to  my  taste  a  desires, 
in  the  most  charming  part  of  the  Grunewald. 

I  know  your  time  will  be  limited,  &  I  would  consider  it  a  spe¬ 
cial  privilige  &  honor. 

Ky  residence  would  give  you  a  good  idea  of  what  modern  german  art 
4  workmanship  aooomplish,  »  I  bslisvo  th.  inspection  would  not  be  With¬ 
out  interest  even  to  you.  without  wishing  to  brag,  I  believe  I 
tne  right  to  say  this,  judging  by  the  .pinion  expressed  by  man,  artists 
&  architects. 

WouLd  you  kindly  call  me  up  on  the  •phone  A  tell  me  when  I  may 
pay  you  a  visit.  Any  time  that  suits  you  will  suit  us  A  you  would  con¬ 
fer  a  special  favor  on  us  if  you  could  arrange  to  lunch  with  us. 

I  would  esteem  it  a  great  favor  4  honor  to  be  your  Cicerone  dur¬ 
ing  your  stay  here.  Should  you  consent,  I  intended  to  abstain  from  in¬ 
viting  anybody  except  Mr.Thackara,  the  American  General  Consul  4  his 
wife,  who  would  very  much  like  to  make  your  acquaint^. 

Most  faithfully  yours/ 

The  auto  takes  Zb  minutes  to  come  out  here. 


ISTyir*  Sir  Wl.  Uot^f  -  . 

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MORGAN. HARJ6S  fcC'J.  J/,/1, 

•'•p-ncw^rT  A,:, . 5iH..O.o^o.Dftr.,I?II.. 

Dear  Sir, 

On  the  83ra  nit.,  your  telegram 
reading  as  follows  duly  oatne  to  hand:- 

"■ffrinilv  strongly  objeots  my  going 
"toParia  think  oan  arrange  every¬ 
thing  to-day” 

ana  we  have  not  to  acknowledge  any  further 
oommuni nation  from  you. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Thomas  A.  Eaison  Esq., 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

-7>?<£  -r>v 

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N.  GRATZ  JACKSON.  Prenident 

Bath,  Maine,  Oo toberv -10 th.  1911.-191 

Hon.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Hy  Dear  Sir:  (  \| VA* 

I  am  enclosing  a  clipping  which  you 

undoubtedly  saw  in  its  original  in  the  N.  Y.  Commercial.  This  clipping 
was  read  in  the  course  of  the  proceedings  of  a  recent  meeting  of  this 
board.  Regarding  the  model,  now  operating  here  in  Bath,  the  facts  are 
as  stated.  Should  you  care  to  see  this  model  invention  in  operation, 

I  shall  be  pleased  to  have  you  visit,  this  city  as  my  guest  at  any 
time  convenient  to  you.  Trusting  that  I  may  have  the  pleasure  , 





Cable  Address:  Kllpslcin  New  York. 

October  23rd  19X1. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  New  Jersey, 

Dear  Sir: 



I  thought  the  enclosed  might  interest 

Yours  very  truly,  *  - — 



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as  you  are  about  heaving  europe  we  tender  you 
our  most  hearthy  greetings  and  wish  you  and  yours 
a  safe  an  plasant  voyage  we  recall  with  pleasure 
the  few  ours  passed  in  your  company  and  hope  Likewise 
that  you  with  retain  for  us  a  friendly  remembrance 
good  bye  to  you  your  charming  wife  and  family  etienne 
de  fod.or  and  francis  jehl  budapest  kazinczy  utca  19  + 

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„  ECKE  NEUERWALL  bank-konto: 


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SUrgBnyczlm ••  EOYENARAM.  Budapest, 

TELEFON  3-62,  3-B3,  3-B4.  V"'  Kazincz>'-utcza  ,9' 

Mi  ^ 

Ur. Thomas  A. Edison, 

Orange, Maw  Jersey, U.b. A. 

Dear  Sir:- 

X  teg  to  inform  you  that  our  General  Director, Ur .Etienne 
de  Fedor, received  a  registered  letter  to-day  frcm  the  Bardi  Co., that  repair¬ 
ed  the  Daimler  automobile  that  you  hired  while  over  here.that  if  our  Co.does 
not  pay  the  bill  of  repairs  within  three  days, they  will  sue  us  for  the  same. 

I  may  mention  that  we  have  written  several  times  to  Ur. 
LAonce  Girardot  of  18  Sue  Troyon,Paris, concerning  this  affaipalso  to  the 
Daimler  Co.himited  at  Coventry, Eng lan., and  to  Hr.Uonnot  of  Bl  Hue  Daru, Paris, 
while  up  to  now  nothing  has  been  settled,,  and  •  we  are  now  menaced  with  a 
law  suit.  We  beg  you  to  writejhe  responsible  parties  a  categorical  letter 
demanding  the  fulfilment  of  their  obligations, and  thus  have  us  freed  from  a 
matter  that  does  not  concern  us, and  in  which  we  only  showed  our  good-will. 

We  can  assure*  you  that  since  the  Daimler  motor  was  repair- 
ed.we  have  been  continually  molested  by  the  Bardi  Co.who  did  the  ^.because 
the  parties  who  .are  responsible  for  the  payment  of  the  costs  of  repairs  have 
been  shoving  it  from  one  to  another.  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly 

c  /  rt  c  <• 

December  13,  1911. 

Mr.  Edison-,-  «»*- 

Letter^  from  Eodor  received.  Cabled 


"Girardot  Budapest  not 
paid.  Annoying  to  friends. 
If  won’t  pay,  cable  and 
I  will  pay. 


This  is  rotten. 

I  am  writing  Mr,  Bodor  the  facts 
in  the  case,  and  that  you  had  turned  it  over 
to  Mr.  Monnot,  immediately  upon  receipt  of 
the  first  letter,  but  that  owing  to,  Mr.  Monnot's 
delay  in  returning  to  Europe,  the  matter  has 
«wt  evidentlyjoeen  attended  to.  I  told  him 
you  have  cabled  Monnot  to  let  you  know  at  once 
if  Daimler  Company  has  refused  to  pay,  and  that 
you  will  pay  immediately  if  they  do  not. 

I  am  also  writing  Monnot  on  the 

subj  ect . 

I  am  quite  sure  that  Monnot  will  be 
able  to  straighten  this  thing  out  without  load¬ 
ing  the  burden  on  you. 

I  am  writing  the  Navy  League  that 
you  will  accept  the  Honorary  Vice-presidency 
of  the  League.  It  will  do  us  a  lot  of  good. 
It  i3  made  up  of  a  lot  of  excellent  n 

Z,  II  Mmratumal  lumut,  Inc,  ot,ri^xu, 

and  Social  Reforms 


December  13,  1911. 


Bl  t  4  !; 

I  noted  in  the  Literary  Digest  a  keen  say¬ 
ing  of  yourB  to  the  effect  that  alcohol  had  no  more 
rights  in  the  human  system  than  sand  in  the  wheels  of 
machinery.  The  liquor  papers  are  quoting  you  as  saying 
that  "natural  wines  and  beers  do  not  lead  to  drunken¬ 
ness  •  on  the  contrary,  used  exclusively,  they  take  the 
place  of  alcoholic  poison  and  produce  a  temperance  peo¬ 
ple"  This  was  published  in  the  American  Breviers  Re¬ 
view' of  September  1st,  1911,  and  just  underthe>oadri-ng 
"Edison  admires  the  wine  region  of  France.—'  / 

As  these  two  statements  do  not  seem  to  agree, 

I  write  to  ask  you  if  the  quotation  is  correct  affair- 
ly  represents  your  opinion.  I  am  enclosing  tv*o  leaflets 
giving  some  of  the  conclusions  of  European  scientists  on 
this  subject,  and  in  another  envelope  I  am^sending  you 
what  I  think  you  will  say  is  a  very  calm  and  moderate 
statement  of  the  arguments  against^mdderate  drinking, 
published  by  the  American  Tract^Scciety . 

reply,  I 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  the  courtesy  of  £ 

P  S  d 


jji-vuft-  (W*VV 

the  western  union  telegraph  company 




CjU*.  %S~ **■*<*&’ 

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^(klco-c//^  OvC-u 

sUL/tp  < 

SUrgBnyczIm :  EGYENARAM. 
TELEFON  3-B2,  3-63,  3-64. 

Hr.  '.Thomas  A.  Edison., 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  Heir  Jersey,  N.J,  U.3.A. 

Budapest,  Pec^bergStb...  1911... 

Bear  Sir:- 

lir.  Etienne  de  if  odor  has  requested  me  to  acknowledge  the 
reception  of  your  favor  bearing  date  Dec.  13th.  Inst., and  in  reply  to 
the  same  wishes  to  inform  you  that  Ur.  lionnot  of  Paris  has  alreedy 
engaged  a  lawyer  here  to  straighten  out  the  matter  pertaining  to  the 
bill  which  the  Daimler  Co.  have  been  dilly-dallying  about  so  long. 

From  letters  which  we  have  received  from  Hr.  uonnot.we  sur¬ 
mise  that  it  is  his  intention  now  to  settle  with  the  Bardi  Co.  first, 
thereby  liberating  us,  and  then  wind  up  the  affair  in  Paris  with  the 
responsible  parties.  We  also  confirm  your  cablegram  which  we  received 
yesterday,  “Have  instructed  Honnot  my  Paris  agent  pay  Bardi  bill  sorry 
for  annoyance  Daimler  agent  a  rascal,  Edison.' 

Hr.  de  Podor  wishes  me  to  express  his  thanks  to  you  for  the 

reprint,  on  the  .object  of  the  Kdi.on  Stow  W*».  ““  *W 
u  w  much  in  the  old  till  he  picked  to  receive  eec 

1.™  a.  they  w*.  *  W  that  he  ho,  elr.oiy  called  for  bid.  «  a 
ioco.otlve  for  ha, , line  coal  at  the  Central  Station  of  hi.  Co.  .and  he. 
epeolf led  that  the  *»  ehodld  he  rorhed  by  the  ydl.on  .tow  battery. 

I  remain, 


very  truly 





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Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Exhibitions  (E-11-44) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 



copper  recognition  of  the  stimulation  given  by  your  inventions  and 
discoveries  to  the  use  of  copper  all  over  the  world. 

AoDroximatelv  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  u. - • 

Invitations  that  were  unanswered  or  routinely  declined  by  Edison  have  no 
been  selected. 


===T1 1  HID  V  KAK - — 

JUNK  15  r »  OCTOHKK  15,  1MJS 


■Jan  .-3A, 

.191 1. 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  W.  J. 

Dear  Sir,- 

Your  favor  of  the  13th  inst  received.  ’.Vi  11  he  very  glad.  to 
see  you  at  any  time  you  find  it  convenient  to  nail.  Trust  you  will  kindly 
advise  when  you  are  coming,  so  that  I  may  surely  he  here  to  see  you. 

Yours  truly, 





indent  Urnncli  A.  1 


JT-  \ 

^*are  p  1  a  m\)  n  g ,  „fr ^Sol d  an 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
Orange,  N. 

Dear  sir: 

As  you  may  note  from  our  heading,  ....  —  -  1- — - 

Electrical  Show  on  the  evenings  of  May  12  and  tlae  University 

Labor  at  or  ies.  / 

we  have  about  15000  square  feet  of  availabl^floor-cpace ,  includ¬ 
ing  a  main  floor  l?0x90\  two  balconies  and  several  recitation  and 
other  rooms.  We  are  planning  to  give  a  Bhow  coirrEj/ising  historical, 
educational  and  commercial  features:,  and  hope  to  make  it  the  best  ever 
held  in  Ohio.  It  will  be  extensively  advertized  thru'out  the  city 
and  the  surrounding  territory.  There  will  be  no  charge  for  exhibit¬ 

ing  space. 

We  understand  that  you  are  interested  in  such  e xh ib  i  t  s^ an d^hav e 
had  an  historical  exhibit  of  great  interest  at  previous  shows,,  we 
would  be  very  gladto  see  this  exhibit  ourselves  ,  and  to  show  it  in  \ 
our  exhibition. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  any  information  you  may  be  able  to 
give  us  in  regard  to  this  matter,  I  remain, 

Yours  truly, 

^  ^ 

11th  October  1911 

Thomac  A  Edison  Esq 
Llewellyn  Park 
Orange  K  J 

Dear  Mr  Edison 

The  enclosed  telegram  from  General  Harries, 
as  President  of  the  Association  of  Edison  Illuminat¬ 
ing  Companies,  reaohed  me  just  after  you  loft  this 
ofternoon.  We  expected  the  General  here  to  greet 

you  on  behalf  of  his  Association.  He  is  at  the 

Atlantio  City  Street  Railway  Convention,  and  this  word 

will  explain  his  absence. 

With  renewed  and  many  thanks  for  coming  over 
today  and  thus  contributing  so  signally  to  the  success 

of  this  Exposition. 




Atlantic  City,  IT.  J.,  Oct.  11,  19U- 

Arthur  Will lame, 

V.  P.  Ac  Bn.  Of  Edison  Illuminating  CO. 

5D  Duane  St. ,  >Tew  York. 

0Mw.0t.a  o>ume.  in  o.n«»tl.n  P«P-  “  *“  OT*1" 

muon  Oiooppoiotod  .t  the  upaettinc  Of  M  Pl»  »  _ 

he  with  you  and  to  join  in  greeting  the  great 
man  whoee  name  is  writ  large  and  enduring  bn  our 
banner.  Will  you  present  to  him  my  personal  and  official 
compliments  and  give  expression  to  the  regret  I  feel  because 
urgent  business  prevents  my  being  of  the  company  to-day. 

Geo.  H.  Harries 

prest  Association  of  Edison 
Illiminating  companies. 


The  W.  Bilz  Sand  Mixing  and  Sifting  Machine  Co. 


October  25,  1911. 

ihomas  A.  iidison, 
valley  Aoad , 

Vfesb  Orange 


(/V>\o\-/j  jfy-  |y  X  u?' 

1  Ay,t»<:As 

X,c  V?  / 

■ ' 


time  a?  '•  w 

Dear  air:- 

Some  time  ago  a  newspaper  article  ^ 
came  to  my  notice  in  which  it  was  stated  tiia^JT 
at  a  banquet  a  cubic  foot  of  pure  copper  was  ^ 

presented  to  you,  but,  which,  upon  analysis 
nroved  to  be  nothing  but  a  composition. 

1  have  been  experimenting  for  s 
on  the  pourins  of  pure  cooper,  and  have  now  in  V 
readiness  a  plate  about  three  and  a  half  inchf^V  ^  ' 

.  ( 

ss  cast  in  the 
an  the  mine. 

1  three  eighths  inches  in  thickj-^ 
oure  metal  as  it  is  received 


interested,  may  I  ta 
ie  sample  to  you? 


Yours  truly , 


The  Eve  n  i  n  g  World 

-.SSSSSis:— . «j8l85S^:"°^”"-‘^S 

.  .NO.  18,315  | 

.  VOLUME  52 . . 


NAPOLEON  said:  "But  yon  cannot  outnumber  the  one  brain.” 

Prot.  Pease  Norton  of  Yale  thus  expands  this  cryptic  utter¬ 
ance:  “In  a  great  problem  a  thousand  orflinary  brains  put 
to  work  bn  the  same  problem  cannot  be  added  together.  ■  The  results 
of  ill  this  mediocre  thinking  willnot  surpass  the  products ,ot^° 'b?al“ 
of  a  Newton,  «  La  Place  or  a  Napoleon.  A  superior  1 brain  is  i  a 
treasure  for'  tlio  community,  provided  the  brain  is  put  to  wo  k 
solve  the  problems  of  the  present  life.”  ,  ■  .  I 

What  Edison  by  his  various  electrical  inventions  has  done  for 
the  copper  trade  and,  therefore,  for  the  race,  was  symbolized  at  the 
luncheon  opening  the  Electrical  Exposition  by  a  cubic  foot  ofeopper 
weighing  -ISO  pounds  set  before  his  plate.  An  inscription  r«‘‘ed  that 
at  the  time  of  his  first  invention,  forty-three  years  ago Lo-day,  • the  an¬ 
nual  output  of  copper  was  377, 664,000  .pounds.  Last  year  A  was 

.  themselves  in  stone  would  have  cast  into  a  pyramid  all  of  that  shining 

mass  ol  nearly  two  billion  pounds.  .  ..  ,  ..  . 

-  .  Exceptional  minds, working  upon  matter,  have »  V8"**  *!![ 

results  in  our  time.  They  .have  made  cement  available  ,*or  every  Bort 
■-  of  eonMruc  on,  anticipating  a  return  of  the  age  of  clay.  Eigures 
iust  filed  at  Washington  show  that  In  this  country  the  business  has 
"creased  000  per  cent,  since  1000.  Scrpollot  and  his  successors  made 
the  automobile,  nml- lost  year  about  .200,000  machines  . wero-  urned 

fhfl  -worlds  simar  output  of  above  tejwihillion  tons. 

annual  production  of  7,160,000  pounds  in  1900  at  one:third  the  old 

Pn°*if  aristocracy  is  a  blend  of  blood  and  benefits,  whoso  claim  to  it 
equals  the  great  inventors’? _ 


A  GOOD  LAW  forbids  employment  of  children  at  other  than  the 
hours  between  8  A.  M.  end  <5  P.  M.,  and  there  have  been 
'  recent  abrests  for  its  violation.  Children  are  entitled  to 
their  play  hours,  as  their  elders  are  entitled  to  their  recreation.  The 
trend  of  society  is  to  amure  both,  ‘V”  *0°t -"Ln^lS 
'■  has  said,  it  is  written  that  in  the  sweat  of  his  brow  man  shall 
bread,  but  it  is  not  written  that  in  the  breaking  of  his  heart 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Family  (E-11-45) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  by  and  about 
Edison’s  family.  Included  are  letters  pertaining  to  the  financial  difficulties  of 
Edison's  sons  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Jr.,  and  William  L.  Edison.  Additional 
correspondence  with  Thomas,  Jr.,  discusses  Edison's  alkaline  storage 
battery  country  houses,  and  the  illumination  of  Christmas  trees.  One  item 
concerns  Edison's  plans  to  visit  his  daughter  Marion  Oeser,  who  was  living 
with  her  husband  in  Germany.  Other  documents  relate  to  members  of  Mina 
Miller  Edison's  family.  Included  are  letters  about  Robert  A.  Miller,  U.S. 
Postmaster  at  Ponce,  Puerto  Rico,  who  died  in  1911.  Also  inc  uded  are 
reminiscences  from  Clara  A.  Avery  and  other  family  friends  about  Edison  s 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected  Most 
of  the  unselected  items  are  receipts  relating  to  the  periodic  transfer  of  funds 
from  Edison  to  members  of  his  family.  These  includeJ>  $1 ’°°° 
allowance  to  Mina  Edison,  $200  to  Marion  Oeser,  $150  to  NeH. >  Edison 
Poyer,  $100  to  Simeon  O.  Edison  (subsequently  reduced  to  $40  when  he 
moved  from  Ohio  to  New  Jersey),  and  $50  to  Nancy  Elizabeth  Wadsworth.  In 
addition,  there  are  receipts  for  a  $25  weekly  allowance  to  Sarah  F.  Stilwell 
and  for  $4  in  monthly  rent  payments  on  behalf  of  William  L.  Edison.  Also  not 
selected  are  unsolicited  offers  for  genealogical  services  and  other  unsolicited 
correspondence,  as  well  as  duplicates  and  variants  of  selected  documents. 

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EMson  Auto  Accessories  Co. 





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January  15,  1911. 


I  regret  tojirouble  you  a  secoddtime  with  a  request  of 
this  nature,  but  I  find  that  I  am  obliged  to. 

Some  weeks  ago  X  asked  you  to  place  me  in  communication 
with  Mr.  T^(A.  Edison  Jr.,  which  you  did,  and  ha  wfote  me  a 
letter  dated  at  Stevens  ,  N.  J.  asking  that  I  send  »#i£here  cer¬ 
tain  matter.  I  sent  it  in  a  letter,  but  the  letter  was  returned 

to  me  by  the  railway  mail  service  with  the  advice  that  it  was 

misdirected  and,  upon  examination  of  the  post  offices  here  I 
find  that  there  is  no  such  office. 

I  have  an  important  matter  to  be  settled  with  Mr. 

Edison  Jr.  and  I  ask  that  you  kidky  kindly,  with  t«e\stamped 
envelope  herewith  sent^mail  this  letter  toiim/  to/ho  end  that 
I  may  find  exactly  where  he  is  and  hear<^rfift  him./ 

Trusting  that  you  will  givelyii  r  immediate 

attention  ,  and  that  I  will  not  be  ferrcec  oy  you  further  in 

the  matter,  X  am  iV/ 

Yours  vJ/cy  t/\ 

jEfcison  Auto  Accessories  Co. 




Uui iJL  ct 

°-~A  tWl  A  <(U7-  g  a^ci 

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’  jCLi^ejLAiti^ 

Ur<iL&  ^»a 





?,S,  1911. 

Ur.  William  1-  Edison, 



liy  dour  Will: 

Your  favor  of  th c  H'Jrd  'lust,  has  boon  received. 
Just  at  the  present  time  I  do  not  see  how  wo  can  send  you  a 
aot  of  ignition  batteries,  because  we  arc  so  far  behind  in 
filling  orders  for  the  same  that  every  cell  wc  make  must  bo 
sont  out  to  a  customer.  When  the  situation  improves,  I  will 
bo  very  glad  to  toko  up  this  matter  and  let  you  have  a  set. 

Yours  very  truly, 


EM son  Huto  Accessories  Co. 


'  ,  nEWL^^-—  — 



n  U  Awrt.  ■VurViUnwlM  l— <3  EDISON  PRIMING  PLUG 

TELEPHONE,  SPRING  1422  ^  I  - 

-  /  — -7; — -  J  ALL  THREADS 

CABLE  ADDRESS,  EDISAUTO,  N.  Y.  *  ^  (f  & -  m.lJZ 

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A-  LLtfK 

S.  R.  BAILEY  &  CO. 

Mr. Thomas  A  Edison 

Orange  N.J.  -  . 

My  dear  Mr.Edison:-  &*+***  f"]' 

Hthtitit  Wn^xtus 


March  2  19X1 

fj  X  -h' jH  L  a  OLH^IX'  &&&2T*-* 

I  ak^yingTto  interest  some  well  .to  do  - 

»•■>»•  “»>•  *■  cle’'ellf^.Si^“asc?£“8 

Electric  Commercial  •£“  <*,&  <&**** 

My  experience  is  that  aprospective  buyer  is  in  doubt  all  l^he 

store  and  hav 


locajjjebMaiut  : 
scTr  /cornicing 


localjed  out  in  the  rf  silence 


iididenoe  /  *  *’£" 

.  Tlcjy  f^fcA-WW) 
leir  business  / 

while  as  to  where  he  ( 
a  wagon  if  he  buys  < 

The  present  Electricv( 

sections  of  the  city.plea^L. .. -  ~ sX 

an.  «,=,  ».  not  .«.*,« f 
care  of  business  wagonB  j  Uu=^^- 

The  Garage  business  proper ly^ipoked  after  should  pay  well  and 
I  would  be  glad  to  have  ySUr^goou  wi^ 
the  enterprise.  ^ 

bora  min  advancing 


~~i r 

Last  fall  when  I  was  at  ihej^borat^ry^ou  hadj^r^t^, 
over  from  New  York  who  sSeS^dtTbTveW  well  up  on  cement 
building  construction  and  he  had  with  hij^gp^was  showing 
you  several  designs  of  buildings  and  thigrfjgjpossibly  you 
have  some  of  these  designs  on  hand  which  you  can  send  me  along 
with  other  suggestions  you  might  give  I  ask  for  them. 

My  idea  is  to  find  a  central  place  where  land  is  cheap  and 
desirable  and  put  up  a  100  by  200  ET .Building, 2  or  3  stories 


re. Brooklyn, N.Y. 

iarch  Slot.  1911* 

Thomas  A.  Edison, Esq. 

Menlo  J 
Dear  Sir:- 


c*~  ^ 

I  „  the  owner  end  holder  of  I  ohm..  Jpr.fftrSir  «■*  5 
(Conanon)  of-fh., 1UM  and  P.«n  °«wW 
for  ,Mch  I  paid  »0.00  P“  »««»•*, «“  C““"  ""lm 

given  to  me  as  a  t>cnua. 

These  I  purchased  on  the  16th. day  of  Perruary ,1899  and 
it  was  intimated  that  yon  were  in  some  way  connected  with  the  above 
corporation , as  a  person  would  he  led  to  helieve  on  account  of  the 
name  "Edison"  being  used. 

The  corporation, as  far  as  X  have  been  able  to  learn, never 
done  any  business, nor  did  they  intend  to. I  At.  endeavored  to  locate 
then  but  so  far  .have  been  unsuccessful.  As  I  am  a  porramn  and  nei.a 
the  money  badly, I  appeal  to  you  as  being  in  some  way, indirectly, 

responsible  for  this  evident  fraud. 

X  am  told  that  son  of  yours  was  one  of  the  moving  spiiits 
in  this  matter  and  that  you  have  made  good  these  claims. 

Am  prepared  to  substantiate  the  above, as  I  hold  the  orig¬ 
inal  certificates  of  stock, vdiich  I  will  forward  at  your  request. 

Youc  early  attention  to  the  above  would  be  greatly  appre¬ 
ciated  by, 

Yours  veiw_truly, 


^4 30 2- 4th.  Avenue  ,Bro5Klyn  ,N. Y. 


Manufacturer  of 

The  Fuller  Automatic  Twine  Reel 

M , 



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Manufacturer  of 

The  Fuller.  Automatic  Twine  Reel 


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My  dear  Mr.  Edifeon:-  'KjV^  \  £V-^  ™lV8  1 ' 

I  have  duet  come  from  Washington,  where  X  met  both  the 

President  and  Postmaster  General  in  the  interest  of  Mr.  Robert  A.  Miller 

of  Ponce. 

I  #as  surprised  to  learn  the  charges  of  misappropriating  the 
funds  stood  against  Mr.  Miller,  said  charges  having  been  thrashed  out 
six  years  ago.  prior  to  Mr.  Millers  last  appointment.  This  shows 
weakness  of  Mr.  Miller's  opponents  in  trumping  up  this  old  charge. 

I  am  convinced  that  it  is  a  case  of  personal  animus  and  that  , 
there  are  no  dust  grounds  for  Mr.  Miller's  removal,  and  especially 
under  charges  that  Mr.  Miller  would  have  difficulty  in  answering,  if 

he  were  removed  for  that  reason. 

I  have  done  all  that  I  could  do  to  straighten  this  matter  out 
in  Washington,  but  strong  influence  has  been  brought  to  bear  for 
personal  reasons  to  have  Mr.  Miller  removed  and  a  Porto  Rican  appointed 
in  his  stead. 

It  is  a  long  story,  but  I  will  have  nothing  whatever  to  do 
with  it,  if  I  were  not  convinced  of  its  injustice. 

I  write  to  ask  if  you  will  not  use  some  influence  to  delay 

and  give  Mr.  Miller  a  fair  hearing. 

This  I  do  knowing  your  interest  in  the  Miller  family,  and 
believing  they  would  countenance  my  step  in  this  matter. 

Very  sincerely  yours, 

Alexander  H.  Leo, 

Ocean  Grove,  H.  J. 

To.  Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

East  Orange,  M.  J. 


(f&WrV  |  (  \  i 

Mill-*  Sl'M 



^  2/ncXmC-  ol  J 
A  , 

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A*-**  *  vL*’  ^  Vtv:‘~‘'' 

u,vy»»  uatJA  Hx  **** 

u4\rCc^'  *  \ 

Llewellyn  Park  Orange  NJ. 

Anything  hut  pacfcard  pierce  beet  peerless-  or  sraplex  good  feel 
strongly  about  it  Have  written. 

Chas  Edison 



THOMAS  A.  EE  IS  >ii 

The  Late  Win.  Yokom  Cnmc  From 
Bayham  Towuship— Funeral  ou 

Wood  Hospital  to  P 

_ _  .1.  Williams  & 

_ _  undertaking,  establishment  last 

evening  and  taken  to  his  homo  at 
"33  Talbot  street  -this  morning. 

Air.  Yokom,  who  .was  in  his  44th 
I  year,  came  to  St.  Thomas  over  a  year 
ago  from  Bayham  township,  where  he 
-was  horn.  He  was  a  member  of  the 
.Masonic  fraternity,  the  son  of  a  min¬ 
ister  and  a  cousin  of  Thomas  A.  Edi¬ 
son,  the  inventor;  Ho  leaves  to 
mourn  bis  loss  hlswifo  undone  son, 

\  Fund  For  Mrs.  Yokum  | 

,»p  »  «££  "{ 

"it  vScum'"wSo°"ct  wl«>  u 

Sssr  KSia 

over  to  Ino  w»uw  .  .  .  these 

C  VK->AU  I  Xlt.uJ 
UbllSM/W  I 

Va3A1303?d J 

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his&  sn^&ttsz. 

»c<?h  - 

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UtrtUT  Co  M»|[ (niidSit 

To  ixo  -  <^-d^ouali  uF  Co  (2u«)i  ‘z.jpJltaSL J?  1 
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fyyUaJHlj  £>^yjU^*^r,  ~f<,  cjC^X~  C*T  cw  p®mi 

£\jC>  U>c  c  £Kry-i  _  £\J9  (Ho  cryui  K'Hdo-O 

L^UJ  -G-cxJl*j  un  (Vt^  ***-«  «JVS  0-5 
*(^.  9  lVXW-4-Jpj  U$*-<>  "to  -sLto-0 

— \$tAAti  K.  "V  f^Ln«w*«i-C»  - 

(-■  o  'jf-  Co  <z$L*>-a-B-n  "to  »Xo  cv/ri  d  Owoov 
<tcm-A~err.  'i  •Co-(*wm 

,  ^  §Urm  - 

)  a-ost  \mvrtc iajCt  " 

CXJTtW4^1  l  ^ 


U-gjH|  ^©uiw 


f^tEu*j|  P«^4  'to  ^t* 
G%x<xnqe  0<w«-fe  Vi^m  - 
bow  9  ^  -\%^h  iXfZIUenZJ- 

cndUn  ^  9-cn+e  hlnnA  - 




L£r.  Ehomas  A.  Edison,  Jr. , 

Burlington,  K.  J. 

Boar  Son: 

Yours  of  the  24th  inst.  is  received,  and  I  am  sure 
that  there  will  ho  no  objection  under  the  circumstances 
to  your  purchasing  a  Ford  Souring  Car  instead  of  a  Bun ah out 
as  your  father  at  first  suggested.  She  outfit  v.l th  the  extra 
tiros  will  emoant  to  §859*00,  according  to  your  figures.  You 
night  see  the  :ford  agent  in  Philadelphia,  and  I  am  cortain  that 
if  you  show  him  this  letter  and  say  that  wo  will  take  charge 
of  the  mutt or  up  to  §855*00  ho  will  book  your  order  and 
deliver  the  car  when  we  send  him  a  check. 

Yours  very  truly. 

PLD/l  Jf.7 


/"  'H3AQ  'T  XNVaJ  \ 

1161  LZ  aVW 

v  Q3A13Q3^  J 

.  a,  c. 

Ucun  «J 

(3  • 


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tie  Opaun^je  ^ ^  d^owioon  _ 
O  potm  0-0  necoMie  ^  <■ 

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dme  WW  !}»)««-  *«e <*»»»  J 

5)  u^2JP 


x+f  d- 

.  Qrri  ^  up 

,i^1  «/ui  u~mi 
+o  oS^  '*'•<’  e*J*  <=t/a  1AMS- 

O  art*  - 

9  UJ  iU  €*jLc  /atmrJr  To 
9j2j*Wt‘  STOn  OO^C^7  UHfii  nece^ 

ch  4*. 

"tlUo  *>>  °  T  - 
C\r>  (icrcm  a- 

u><  w^JGje  1«*»e  - -  -7r  I 

c^A  WxXV^cdZi^  -H-anr,),  tUru. 

Lj  cucn  L'  hix/n  cinn  cxLi  Uy»  “ill*’  i>»aTRn_; 
ta<-tk  nxcJOJldr,  °  ^ 


)  KoJ">  ■€ 

i  e  aid’e-. 
ruun  u^r>_to  G[)am<j? 

r>  6o‘rti 

$ei«e»>?  rm  <? 

lii  r 


May  E7, 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Jr. , 

Burlington,  It.  J- 
My  dear  Tom: 

X  was  vory  glad  to  got  your  letter  of  the  B6th 
inst. ,  and  om  sorry  that  the  agent  was  not  willing  to  deliver 
the  oar  until  a  check  was  sent  him.  .  I  have  just  called 
up  Harry  Miller  and  have  told  him  that  it  was  all  right  to 
pay  the  hill,  so  that  X  do  not  think  there  will  ho  any 

I  look  forward  with  a  great  deal  of  pleasure- to 
seeing  you  both  when  you  come. 

Yours  vory  truly. 


fto  6  br  « 


Thomas  A. 



Y.  19, 

Edison,  Esq. » 

12  Lakeside  Avenue, 

Orange,  N.J. 


M  20  ■•!! 


Dear  sir;  — 

I  teg  your  pardon  for  intruding,  tut  some  little  time  ago,  I  took 
the  liberty  of  writing  you  in  the  hopes  of  selling  to  you  a  fine  Collie 
puppy.  I,  however  did  not  get  a  reply. 

I  sent  you  my  oatalogue. 

just  now  I  have  a  number  of  very  good  Collie  puppies,  bred  from 
the  finest  of  stock,  males  $20  each;  females  $15  each. 

They  are  in  perfeot  health  and  condition. 

I  give  full  authentic  certified  pedigree. 

I  guarantee  them  to  be  exactly  as  represented. 

I  ship  same  day  order  is  reoeived. 

Can  I  not  interest  youT 

Hoping  to  be  favored  with  your  order ,  I  am  — 

/2icurm  <*-  %-cuil  i 

■jfSgterp  "fetfc- 

L/C  iityfdi<P  o-^-/~  Xx-M- 


<-v  »y  -  ! 

LU  sU-\.XJL\.  Ci.'Y^f  a.cJ:" c^4  'i/  Jtry  \ 

La  vt'O-  (  />-*■  /'  O  ^  /?Ui  A  & tulw^  ! 

lx  //cu/o^yY^  //it  ^«/u^r>v  ; 

ct.  //l.’x-  1  i'a  '^J>'  £^yyy\nyiy*-A  ■  /-tsyru- 

y>n  n(  / Al.—O.jyy*^  c'-4  a/Acw  ‘"■eg  r  y  at 

vncrvJ/.  /&■  -  /b  // v-Asyn.’  ^vy/  • 

-vv-w-tA^  C<-  /  eTVlA.  ^/zA^d  t,  ,  Cn^n-tA  'fan**-'  . 

Is  A  A  A  c^ctAA  /iiyyn.  ■  44^^,  tAAmn.  ; 
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“Lithographing  and  Printing 

aSKr WMfit  s«» 

..July.-Saih _ 19<U. 

I  duly  received  your  letter  cf  the  6th  inet.returning  enclosures 
sent  you  with  ey  letter  of  the  30th  June.  It  may  be  as  you  say,  the  letters 
Were  "faked  by  somebody?  but  in  order  that  you  nay  Judge  as  to  that  I  send 
you  a  photograph  of  one  of  the  originals,  lour  memory  will  bo  very  short 
if  you  (or get  either  your  father’s  handwriting  or  hi*  phraseology.  Uore- 
oter  1  did  not  send  you  the  copies  without  having  at  command  such  docu¬ 
mentary  and  other  evidence  as  would  prove  their  autheniclty  beyond  the 
^tadow  of  a  doubt.  Perhaps  you  will  now  aeo  that  your  first  impression 
"faked  by  somebody"  Is  not  only  premature  but  incorrect, and  I  extend  to 
you  the  opportunity  of  further  considering  the  question  of  your  Interest, 
failing  to  hear  from  you  within  the  next  few  days  I  shall  conclude  1  am 
at  liberty  to  make  any  use  think  fit.  ^ 

I  am,  lours  Truly./? 

1  Knclosuro. 





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August  0, 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Jr- , 

Burlington,  K.  J- 
Bear  Mr.  Edison: 

■your  letter  of  the  6th  inst.  to  Mr.  Dyer 
has  been  received,  as  well  as  the  letter  intended  for 
Thomas  A.  Edison,  Incorporated,  which  was  sent  to  you  m 
error.  Any  other  letters  of  this  land  that  you  may  re¬ 
ceive  eon  simply  bo  sent  to  "Thomas  A.  Edison,  Incorporated, 
Orange ,  II.  J."  The  Mailing  Department  will  then  receive 
thorn  and  they  will  bo  sent  to  the  proper  department  for 

Mr.  Holden  will  no  doubt  keep  you  informed  as 
to  the  progroSB  ho  makes  with  the  garage  in  reference  to 
your  Ford,  and  I  hope  this  will  bo  replaced  with  a  now 
oar  or  arranged  in  some  way  so  that  your  car  will  be 
like  now. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Private  Seoretary. 


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October  2,  1911. 

Mr.  H.  P.  Miller: 

In  a  letter  received  this  morning  from  Mrs. 
Thomas  A.  Edison,  Jr.,  she  asks  that  the  magazines  which  have 
been  going  to  them  be  sent  in  their  own  name  in  future, 
instead  of  in  the  name  of  Burton  Willard.  Will  you  please 

arrange  this. 

Ootobor  3,  1911- 

Uy  aenr  Beatrice: 

Yours  of  the  30th  ult.  was  duly  received,  and 
I  have  had  the  two  things  dono  that  you  request. 

As  soon,  os  you  and  Tom  get  definite  estimates 
covering  the  improvements  on  tho  house  X  will  tahe  up  the 
matter  with  Mr.  Edison,  who  is  expected  to  return  on  Satur¬ 
day  of  this  week.  As  I  told  you,  it  would  ho  well  to  have 
too  or  three  schemes  prepared,  one  covering  tho  absolutely 
necessary  things  to  do  and  tho  others  more  in  detail  ana 
elaboration,  so  that  if  Mr.'"  Edison  do^des  that  ho  ought  not 
to  go  to  too  much  expense  he  can  know  exactly  what  must  bo 
done . 

Regards  to  you  both. 

Yours  very  truly , 

fid/ r.vw 

Mrs.  Thomas  A.  EdiBon,  Jr-, 
Burlington,  !!• 

mmott  Irnst  ©owyany  of  ^orli 


Mr.  ThoraaB  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  ,,, 

":J,‘  •!#  /Of; 

Hew  Jersey.  ^  ^  ' 

Dear  Sir;- 

Our  reoordB  show  that  your  son,  Charlee  Ediaon,  become  of 
age  August  3,  1911,  but  before  paying  one  half  of  the  net  income  to 
him,  in  accordance  with  the  trust  indenture  executed  by  you  for  his 
benefit,  we  call  your  attention  to  the  following  clause,  which  appears 

on  page  3  of  the  indenture; 

-Provided  however  that  if  from  any  alienationthereof  by  said 
beneficiary,  or  from  any  other  cause  wbat' banefloiMy?  or  any 

right  to  receive  same  shall  absolutely  cease  and  termin  . 

Please  advise  ub  if  we  shall  commence  paying  the  one  half 
of  the  net  income  to  your  son,  Charles,  and  oblige 

Yours  very  truly. 

Trust  Of/ic^r. 

■‘Co  4'A  ^ 



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REGAL  “20” 

Underilung  Road 

REGAL  “30” 

Regal  Sales  Co.  of  N.  Y. 

16TO  Broadway 

New  York  October  27,  1911. 



Mr.  Thomas  A. Edison, 
%  Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sirs- 

Your  check  for  $100.00  received. 

Will  have  Kr.  Charles  Edison  note  sent  you 
in  due  course.  Thanking  you,  we  are 

Yours  very  truly, 



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Ilovoinher  3,  1911* 

Hr  a.  Thomr.B  A.  Edition.  Jr-, 

3urli%ton,  H-  J- 
Dear  Mra-  Edison: 

I  aave  Mr.  Dyer  your  telephone  moosage 
tM.  «  refer.™,  t.  «  ioprov.oent.  for  v.M.h 

s„.  MO  ootiiMtte.  ae»  *».  ~  >»  *“  iW«°‘ 

m  t0  toll  that  thi.  ha.  »o.  b«»  »■*»«.»  1»t  that 

it  luia  been  .».*  «“>««”  «  **  * 
onytMns  ereept  «*  ”»*  *■*""'  ““  1*P<,rt“'* 

,1.  intend,  to  see  Mo  3««»  -  »•»»  *  “  c!"' 
and  will  write  you  regarding  it. 

yours  very  truly. 

Private  Seorotary. 

'■J  \  l 




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Hovember  11,  1911* 

Detir  Beatrice: 

Replying  to  yours  of  tho  8th  inst. ,  I  must 
apologize  for  not  bringing  Som-s  letter  of  October  29th  to 
hi3  father's  attention,  but  I  have  not  had  a' favorable  oppor¬ 
tunity  to  do  so.  HO  has  been  extremely  busy  v/ith  callers 
from  morning  till  night  and  I  have  not  had  an  opportunity 
to  see  him  about  business  matters  of  great  importance. 

For  the  past  two  weeks  I  have  also  been  quite  ill.  having 
had  an  attack  of  apendicitis  with  several  complications, 
and  tho  doctor  has  told  me  I  must  go  away,  so  that  I  am  leav¬ 
ing  this  afternoon  to  be  gone  two  weeks-  I  have,  however, 
written  a  memorandum  to  Ur-  Harry  F,  Miller  asking  him  to 
take  up  the  matter  with  Mr.  Edison  and  urging  him  to  permit 
tho  ohanges  to  -be  made. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Mrs.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Jr., 

Burlington,  D.  J. 


r  *❖'  vc-’ 

Hr.  Harry  3?.  Mi  lie 

I  tad  you -  - 

intended  to  take  up  with  liWftson  teforL: 

J"  "  i. 

not  able  to  do  bo. 

For  a  number  of  years  they 
tho  condition  of  their  house  ,anfc  th^oitoinpts  tlW 
tofore  been  made  to  make  it  habitable 
temporary.  They  now  want  to 
made,  as  indicated  in  the  attached  spe 
lowing  contractors;  v  gyv 


Total  $2060.00.  tf 

many  of  the  improvements  they  suggest  strike  bo  as 
bring  more  or  less  in  the  way  of  frills  and  I  presume  ar j 
unnecessary,  except  that  Tom  and  his  wife  have  not  very  |mch 
to  think  about  and  would  probably  get  a  great  deal  of 

Changes  in  house 
Water  heating 
Hew  boiler 
Y/ork  in  bath-room 

pleasure  in  seeing  the  improvements  go  ahead.  If  Hr. 

Edison  does  not  feel  that  he  wants  to  spend  as  much 
I  suggest  that  he  indicate  what  he  would  care  to  spend 
and  for  you  then  to  write  Tom  asking  him  to  have  the  estimates 
gone  over  again  so  as  to  come  within  this  figure. 

S'**  ’• "  ^ 

Th.0B.  A.  Bdison,  Jr.,  Esq., 

R,  p,  D.  Bo.  3, 

Burlington,  H.  J. 

Dear  Tom:- 

Replying  to  your  letter  of  the 
29th  ultimo,  addressed  to  Mr.  Dyer,  your 
father  directs  me  to  write  you  that  he 
18  short  of  money  and  will  he  during  the 
winter.  But  he  will  prohahly  he  0.  K. 
in  the  Spring. 

He  would  like  to  know  what  you 

figure  the  minimum  amount  would  he  to  tide 
you  through  the  winter  months? 

i  ^ 

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r  Springfield, Mass.*™,  is.  isu. 

Mr,  Theo.  M.  Edison, 
Llewellyn  Park, 
Orange,  N.  J. 



V/e  are  in  receipt  of  your  communication 
of  December  16th,  and  wish  to  thank  you  for  your 
promptneee  in  notifying  ue  of  the  motooycle 
which  was  delivered  ypu  in  error.  We  note  that 
you  are  interested  in  the  machine,  and  take 
pleasure  in  mailing  you,  under  separate  cover 
to-day.  a  copy  of  our  1912  Announcement,  which 
contains  illustrations,  specifications,  an4 
prices  on  our  entire  1912  line,  and  if  more 
detailed  information  on  any  particular  point 
is  desired,  we  are  at  your  service. 




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A  Fully  Equipped  1912  Marathon  for  $685 

The  latest  addition  to  the  Marathon  line.  A  snappy  Fore-Door  Road¬ 
ster  that  for  grace  of  design,  generous  specifications  and  all-around  car 
efficiency  has  never  before  been  equalled  for  less  than  $750. 

Think  of  il!  A  four-cylinder,  water-  they  be  inclined  to  think  that  if  you  got  R.'-r.  P  . ' 

cooled,  twentv  horsepower  motor  with  . ’r  '  "ln 

7  ’  (/ 

Mechanics  National  Bank  of  Burlington. 

Doo.  n8,  1911. 

Hr.  Thomas  a.  Kdlaon,  Jr., 

Burlington,  :>■  J. 

Dour  Tom: 

I  thank  you  and  Beatrice  very  muoh 
for  thinking  of  no  at  Christmas  and  I  r.ppro- 
oiato  your  protty  and  appropriate  gifts. 

X  an  aorry  to  toll  you  that  I  ahull  h 
have  to  go  away  again  for  my  health  —  this 
tirno  to  a  sanitarium,  whore  I  expect  to  upend 
tho  month  of  January-  I  certainly  hopo  that 
when  this  niogo  is  over  with  X  will  not  have 
to  go  away  again. 

Wishing  you  both  all  boBt  v/i olios  for 
tho  holiday  season  and  with  every  hopo  for 
u  happy  and  contented  new  year,  I  am. 

Yours  very  truly. 

3?  ID/  IT.' 7 

15  NY  N  12  A  ^ 

/  \  '/  (WH«.AHY«PLY 

Burlington  NJ  Deo  29-11  / 

Mr  Frank  I.  Dyer, 

Care  Edison  laboratory  orange  NJ 
any  prayers  and  love  for  your  complete  recovery  and 


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Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Fan  Mail  [not  selected]  (E-11-46) 

This  folder  contains  unsolicited  correspondence  and  other  documents 
from  admirers  of  Edison.  Included  are  newspaper  clippmgs  musical 
compositions,  and  poetry,  as  well  as  requests  regarding  Edison  s  life  story. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Financial  [not  selected]  (E-11-47) 

This  folder  contains  routine  correspondence  and  other  documents 
relatino  to  Edison's  personal  financial  interests  and  investments.  Most  of  the 
documents  for  1911  are  letters  of  transmittal  and  lists  ofstocks,  bo"ds'and 
losses.  Several  items  concern  Edison's  contribution  of  $200  to  a  charitable 
fund  for  the  "Poor  of  Paris."  Also  included  is  a  communication  with  J-  H-  Hunt 
of  Chicago  concerning  the  North  American  Transportation  and  Trading  Co. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Ford,  Henry  (E-11-48) 

This  folder  contains  two  letters  concerning  Edison's  relationship  with 
industrialist  Henry  Ford.  In  the  first  letter  Ford  acknowledges  the  receipt  of 
Edison's  autographed  photograph  and  recently  published  biography, 
expresses  his  "heartfelt  thanks"  for  the  gifts,  and  reminisces  about  his  first 
encounter  with  the  inventor  in  1896.  The  other  letter,  by  automobile 
manufacturer  William  C.  Anderson,  discusses  arrangements  for  a  meeting 
between  Edison  and  Ford  in  West  Orange. 

Both  documents  have  been  selected. 



•\y  / 

/  27th, 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  jfr.Z . 
l!y  Baw  LI.  Sdison:- 

At  this  late  date  X  wlBh  to 
take  the  opportunity  of  acknowledging  the  receipt 
of  your  photograph,  which  arrived  during  my  ab¬ 
sence  on  a  western  trip.  I  cannot  refrain  from 
expressing  my  heartfelt  thanks  for  the  gift  which 
I  prize  all  the  more  highly  as  it  oontalns  your 
autograph;  and  coming  from  one  who  is  recognized 
as  the  Greatest  of  the  World's  groat  inventors. 

The  set  of  hooks  containing 
the  history  of  your  life  have  also  boon  received, 
and  hold  first  plaoe  in  my  library. 

I  still  have  pleasant  memories 
of  the  day  I  formed  your  acquaintance  at  Manhattan 
Beach,  Aug.  16th,  1896,  where  I  attended  an  Edison 

The  mechanical  experience  of  my 
earlier  days  was  gained  during  my  connection  with 
the  Edison  Company,  of  Detroit  some  twenty  years 
ago,  and  it  is" to  this  that  I  attribute  the  greater 
portion  of  my  later  success. 

Mr.  Anderson,  of  this  city,  ad¬ 
vises  me  of  your  very  kind  invitation  to  visit  Orange 
and  call  on  you.  I  shall  indeed  bo  pleased  to  take 
advantage  of  this  at  the  first  opportunity. 

consideration  yc 
anxiously  await 
my  indebtedness 

I  feel  deeply  honored  by  the  kind 
have  shown  and  expressed,  and  shall 
n  opportunity  when  X  can  liquidate 
o  you. 

Sincerely  yours, 

^NDERSON  [Jlecwc  Qj*  (§• 



Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange ,  N .  J . 

Dear  Mr.  Edison; 

Referring  to  th^appointment  with  'll 
we  have  arranged  it  as  follows:  X  will  leave  here  Sundaj 
or  Monday  the  8th,  arriving  in  New  York  in  ample 
Mr.  Eord  on  the  morning  of  the  9th  and  we  will 
at  10  or  U  o'clock. 

Therefore  have  your  matters  arra': 
accordingly,  so  that  you  can  have  several  hours  interview  with 
Mr.  Eord  on  the  ignition  battery  proposition, as  well  as  another 
matter  he  wants  to  take  up  with  you. 

If,  for  any  reason  this  appointment  cannot 
be  kept,  you  must  wire  me  ahead.  I  am  very  anxious  to  know  what 
will  come  out  of  this  and  here  is  hoping  it  will  be  something 
that  will  be  of  benefit  to  all  concerned. 

Yours  truly, 



Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Foreign  Language  Documents  (Untranslated) 

[not  selected]  (E-11-49) 

This  folder  contains  foreign-language  documents  that  were  not 
translated  by  Edison’s  office  staff,  along  with  others  that  were  translated  and 
subsequently  separated  from  the  English-language  version.  The  items  for 
1911  consist  primarily  of  unsolicited  correspondence  from  admirers  in 
Germany  and  the  Austro-Hungarian  Empire.  Included  is  a  letter  from  the 
proprietor  of  "Cafe  Edison,"  a  coffeehouse  in  Vienna.  Also  included  are 
requests  for  Edison's  autograph,  charitable  contributions,  and  advice  on 
promoting  ideas,  inventions,  and  careers.  A  few  correspondents  offer  services 
to  Edison,  seek  an  interview  with  him,  or  submit  poetry  in  his  honor. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Fort  Myers  (E-11-50) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
Edison's  home,  property,  and  community  interests  at  Fort  Myers,  Florida. 
Most  of  the  letters  are  by  Harvie  E.  Heitman,  a  dealer  in  wholesale  and  retail 
groceries  who  was  Edison's  agent  in  overseeing  contractors,  repairs,  workers, 
and  other  matters.  Among  the  items  for  191 1  are  letters  regarding  Edison's 
interest  in  the  Shultz  Hotel  Co.  and  municipal  campaigns  to  promote  the 
planting  of  royal  palm  trees  and  the  building  of  a  recreational  pier.  Also 
included  are  items  pertaining  to  the  construction  of  Edison's  concrete 
swimming  pool,  the  remodeling  of  his  dock,  damages  to  a  stone  wall 
sustained  during  a  hurricane,  and  the  hiring  of  a  new  gardener  to  replace 
Michael  Doyle,  who  returned  to  New  Jersey.  Many  of  the  letters  contain 
marginal  comments  by  Edison. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 


MU  Me  ■  '//<,. 

rco,  O0  £‘ .  • 

Feb.  11,  1911. 

./.{'/ . .... 

Dear  Sirt 

The  annual  meeting  of  the  stockholders  of  the  Shultz  Hotel  Company 
will  be  held  at  the  Hotel  on  Tuesday,  March  7,  1911.  Business  of  impor¬ 
tance  to  be  transacted.  Mr.  Chas.  B.  Hogg,  deceased,  held  a  mortgage  of 
Ten  Thousand  Dollars,  and  his  exeoutors  wish  this  matter  attended  to. 

X  have  kept  up  the  interest  and  insurance.  There  is  a  note  in  the  Fort 
Myers  Bank  of  over  Eight  Hundred  Dollars.  Both  the  mortgage  and  note 
were  necessary  to  liquidate  the  bills  which  have  been  contracted  since 
the  Hotel  was  built.  If  these  were  paid  off,  the  Hotel  run  on 
a  paying  basis.  If  not  able  to  be  present,  kindly  instruct  some  stock¬ 
holder  to  cast  your  vote. 

Yours  truly. 

(Z[,  V4^&.5 



a  ^ \ 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange*  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison  : 

I  enclose  letter  received  from  0.  V.  Davis, 
of  New  York,  in  reference  to  an  alleged  deposit  of  iron 
ore  near  Eort  Myers,  together  with  copy  of  my  reply. 

It  would  he  rather  interesting  to  find  a 
large  deposit  of  ore  in  that  section. 

X.  Jr 

*  '  .....P/W'  „  ^  I 

‘tlcaC  ^ 

C&*  &■■■&*.•■ 



altl'fe .ft 

-  ^ 


For  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  New  Jersey. 


March  16,  1911. 

Mr.  0.  W.  Davis, 

26  Broad  Street, 

New  York  City,  N.  Y. 


)  QM' 

Dear  Mr.  Davis  : 

I  have  yodirlatter  of  tho  12th  instant,  and 
note  your  description  of  iron  ore  in  Florida.  In  order 
to  handle  this  ore,  it  would  he  necessary  to  construct  a 
dock,  and  prohahly  a  railroad,  which  would  involve  tho 
expenditure  of  a  considerable  amount  of  money. 

According  to  your  statement,  there  is  not 
tonnage  enough  in  sight  to  warrant,  this  outlay,  and  I 
question  v/hethar  anyone  could  he  induced  to  go  into  it. 
Of  course  if  it  could  he  demonstrated  that  there  wore 
some  millions  of  tons  of  shipping  ere  in  sight,  it  mighu 

ho  possible  to  handle  it.  The  people  who  have  gone  into 
Ouba  for  ore  have  been  obligod  to  construct  docks  and 
railroads,  and  I  consider  that  quite  tho  same  conditions 

would  prevail  in  Florida. 

I  am  rather  surprised  to  learn  of  any  iron 
ore  south  of  Fort  Myers.  I  spent  one  winter  there,  and 
have  made  several  trips  south  of  that  point  and  probably 
over  the  territory  you  mention.  On  one  occasion  I  drove 
with  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison  to  a  point  on  Surveyors'  Craok 


about  28  miles  south  of  Tort  Myers,  and.  v;o  saw  nothing  but 
sand,  over  tho  entire  distance.  From  the  point  indicated, 
on  the  map,  I  judge  that  this  deposit  i3  at  or  near 
Surveyors'  Creole. 

Have  you  seon  this  ore  deposit,  and  do  you 
know  positively  that  it  exists  ? 

lours  very  truly, 

©Til.  BRAHE- 


llarch  22,  1911. 

uy  dear  Sir:  J,y|„ 

Under  separate  cover  X  am  mailing  you  photo- 
graph  of  the  swimming  pool.  I  arn  also  enclosing  tho 
original  bids  from  the  different  parties  who  hid  on  this 
•job.  I  let  the  contract  to  Y7.  H.  Wallace  Is  Co.  and  v/non 
he  had  as  he  thought  completed  the  pool  he  found  upon 
turning  water  into  it  that  it  leaked.  Of  course  it  was 
un  to  him  to  make  it  hold  water  and  ho  was  put  to  considera- 
hle  expense  to  satisfactorily  complete  the  joh. 

He  came  to  me  to  ask  my  judgment  and  advice  on 
doing  this  extra  work  and  X  told  him  very  frankly  that 
you  would  expect  him  to  carry  out  his  contract  and  give  you 
a  pool  that  would  hold  water.  I  gave  him  no  assurances 
whatever  as  to  whether  or  not  you  woulu  he  willing  t-o  pay 
him  anything  extra  on  account  of  whatever  had  luck  ho  may 
have  had  in  completing  tho  joh.  I  did  tell  him  nowever, 
that  when  you  came  down  this  winter  and  looked  the  matter 
over,  it  was  possible  you  might  take  tho  matter  of  _ 

additional  allowance  into  consideration,  on  account  01  ms 
had  luck  in  tho  construction,  ns  claims  to  hove  lo»t  _ 
several  hundred  dollars  or,  tho  joh.  I  considered  this  his 

An  it  looks  now  as 
lis  winter  I  thought  it  how 
id  the  various  papers  in  th 
.gilt  look  them  over  and  aav: 
>  in  the  promises.  'Xhey  ha' 

if  you  would  not  come  down 
•6  to.  send  you  the  correspond eno 
,c  matter  in  order  that  you 
iso  me  what  you  desire  me  to 
ive  done  what  I  consider  a  first 
will  ho  well  pleased  with  it. 

I 'also  des  ire  you  to  advise  ino  what  you  wish  > 
to  do  in  regard  to  the  palms.  Shall  I  proceed  this  sumr 
say  about  tho  beginning  of  June  to  replace  the  missing 
along  tho  route?  Xowles  soems  to.  have  dropped  the  maj.t< 
entirely.  She  wire  frames  have  all  been  put  m  conditn 
bv  the  City  Council  and  the  palms  that  remain  seem  oo  hi 
good  condition.  I  think  all  that  are  left  are  growing  i 
will  live.  Do  you  desire  me  to  go  over  tho  ground  and  i 
a  list  of  those  in  order  that  you  may  settle  with  Hr.  |< 

X  have  had  the  Reliance  put  in  good  condition 
and  she  is  ready  for  use  now  at  a  moment's  notice.  I  had 
her  put  hack  in  the  boat-house ,  which  we  had  to  entirely 
rebuild.  I  also  had  to  spend  about  $700  in  repairing  and 
rebuilding  the  dock  after  the  storm;  therefore  I  shall 
be  glad  to  receive  your  check  to  pay  for  all  of  this  extra 

Everything  is  completed  and  in  readiness  for  your 
arrival  excent  that  I  have  not  yet  secured  any  wood  for  tho 
boiler  at  the  laboratory.  I  thought  this  could  wait  until 
I  knew  definitely  when  you  would  arrive.  I  should  be  glad 
to  have  you  ad vise  me  fully  just  what  to  do  about  the 
matters  I  have  herewith  placed  before  you  for  your  con- 


W.  R.  Wallace  8c  Company 

planing  Mill  and  Novelty  Works 

©Ijc  Woman’s  (Eiuh 

Jfiott  .fflticrs,  Jf lociftn 



lir.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  H.  ■ 

My  dear  Sir : 

5Jho  enclosed,  which  appeared  in  this  morning* a 
Press  is  a  "bad  hill  for  the  river-front  property  owners  of 
Part  Myers.  I  understand  that  Hr.  K.  H.  Towles  has  lieon 
at  the  state  oapitol  for  the  past  wool:  in  the  interoe.t3 
of  tho  passage  of  this/bill,  of  which  he  seems  to  ho  the 
sole  author,  and  you  can  readily  see  that  it  would  lall 
the  ■value  of  most  of' the  riverfront  property  of  the  tov/n 
to  have  our  dook  faeilitios  limited  to  500  foet. 

,1  therefore  ash  that  you  join  with  tho  rest  of 
the  rivor front  property  owners  here  in  protesting  against 
the  passage  of  this  hill  to  our  representative  at 
Tallahassee,  by  sending  him  a  night  lottor  at  onoo,  to  tho 
following  effect : 

7'j  most  earnestly  protest  against  the  Riparian 
Rights  hill  which  you  are  about  to  prosont  to 
the  legislature,  ana  as  river- front  property 
owner  in  Part  Myers  and  a  tax  payer  of  that 
community  I  ask  that  you  use  your  influence 
against  tho  onaotmont  of  this  hill,  os  I  fool 
it  is  against  the  heat  interests  of  **'“ 
both  commercially  and  aooially." 

L  iUUi 

town,  ppf  f 

Thomas  A.  Edison. 

xnis,  oi  uutu-uu,  is  as  much  for  your  own  pro¬ 
tection  os  for  the  rest  of  us,  I  have  sent  quite  a  few 
telegrams  from  hero  and  am  also  getting  up  a  potition 
among  tho  citizens  hero  protesting  against  the  measure, 
and  I  believe  if  wo  all  pull  together  there  is  no  doubt  t 
but  wo  oan  Mil  tho  bill.  As  1  view  tho  matter  tho  privilege 
of  haying  our  docks  run  out  to  tho  channel  is  what  makes  our, 
water-front  property  valuable  and  for  one  non  to  sit  up  and 
say  how  for  we  shall  run  pur  docks  out  is  ridiculous. 

Very,  truly  yours, 




»" ar;  "t?  (.'-cC^ » , 

•e  put  off  norirying  lflP*-of 

Kay  1,  1911-J  (j 
&,fO( . uA-A*-' 

I  have  put  off  n^tf  ikying  ^-of>ba-meetii 
pectins  to  hear  from  the  executors  of  the  estate 

held  Mardh  7,  1911,  ex- 
r/ohas.  B.  HOS6*  At 

pectmg  to  ntstti-  - -  t.— ^ 

the  meeting  the  Company  was  represented  hy  50  shares/out  of  270,  so  no 

business  could  be  transacted.  V.  U.  , 

I  have  heard  from  the  executors,  and  they  are  anxious  to  enter  into 
negotiations  regarding  the  mortgage,  which  is  $10000.00  0  Bjt.  X  have 
paid  the  insurance  for  5  yrs.,  amounting  to  §728.00,  and  taxes  for  4  yrs. 
amounting  to  §328.70.  Mr.  Hogg  paid  one  year  insurance,  which  is  due  his 
estate.  There  is  also  a  note  for  §1000.00  in  the  Bank  of  Fort  Myers, 

Which  was  negotiated  after  the  §10000.00  mortgage.  This  note  was  neces- 
Bary  to  finish  the  work.  I  have  been  paying  interest  on  it,  reducing  it 
at  times,  and  it  now  amounts  to  §e65.06. 

I  have  paid  .1!  bills  after  hurrioene,  ■»«  “»  l”  8°°d 

oondition,  have  planted  «...  and  shrubbery,  1»  fast,  -av.  done  all  that 
...  n.o.s.ary  to  poop  th.  property  Pro.  running  down.  In  harridan.  lost 
wharf  and  part  of  tb»  wait,  wlnd»ill,  and  gutter.,  and  had  to  run  new 
drains.  At  the  present  ».„e»t,  the  property  is  in  better  oondition  than 
.hen  the  Hotel  ...  opened.  If  th.  property  was  relieved  of  the  indebted¬ 
ness,  it  would  no.  pv  good  interest  on  th.  none,  invested.  It  stand, 
without  an,  assessments  against  th.  stockholders,  and  all  there  1.  to 



m  H  3 

eAnt,,  0km.  Mo  ■%>.. . 

settle  Is  the  mortgage,  with  interest,  and  the  note. 

V/ould  he  thankful  for  an  early  reply,  and  any  suggestions  you  may 

Very  truly  yours, 

pres.  &  Mgr. 

have  to  offer. 

y  dear  Sir: 

Tour  letter  received  ana  carefully  notea.  l^ave 

m  a  sa&rc-r  aas 

pool  X  will  advise  you  of  the  results. 

In  regard  to  the  Shultz  Hotel  matter,  will  say 

matter  and  subscribed  more  to  help  Mr.  £ nt^e*  But 
A  Awr  TAniizinj*  any  money  out  ox  tne  venxure.  iiuo 

ss  a  sj^jjriSHSM’fcSS 

SS'.SSS  |||*oS*wK5“StXSth 

a  grajSrsas  ss  £  sntss.' 2  svsfA-.. 
„ 1^aa<irB5rSf«  r^s&K? 

li  So“  ‘nSSi.SJt.^!  SSi.f  */?£  th.rffor.  « 

ff “to  the  S  W  to  liauldate  this  indehtedness. 

attB  far  no  plan  has  been  aeoiaed  upon,  though  it 

HaSSSS  as  &“• 

circumstances.  I  believe  the  test  thing  for  the  P^sent  is 
to  wait  and  see  what  the  concensus  of  opinion  is  *n 
to  the  subject  among  the  stockholders.  \/hen  all  have  teen 
heewd  from  you  will  doubtless  hear  from  Mr.  Shultz  again  in 
regard  to  the  matter# 

We  have  been  having  fine  rains  every  day  this  week 


s?  s2jj*s  ”esr?;  tLTS  ffilw 

“tISS1Se«!g  1»  regard  to  jo* 


C  /£-  /  f  // 

Shultz  Hotel^Co. 


(ir  $ 

-  y^y  <>*■ 

Dear  Sir:  vT  tty' 

Since  issuing  my  last  statement j  I  have  heard  from  the  Executors  of 
Mr.  Hogg's  estate.  I  can  purchase  the  mortgage  at  its  face  value,  they 

waiving  all  other  claims  incidental  thereto. 

I  have  heard  also  fro  several  of  the  stockholders,  who  are  in  favor 
of  taking  enough  stock  to  clear  this  mortgage  and  the  note  in  the  bank; 
then  lease  the  Hotel  for  a  good  rental. 

Would  like  very  much  to  have  your  opinion  on  this  subject.  I  will 
not  be  able  to  put  the  holders  of  the  mortgage  off  much  longer. 

X  appreciate  all  you  have  done,  but  I  am  at  an  expense  the  whole 
year  keeping  up  the  Hotel  and  property. 

Assuring  you  that  an  early  reply  will  be  greatly  appreciated,  1  am. 

To  Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Mr.  Doyle  moved  from  your  place  on  Monday  of  this 
v/eek  and  the  new  man  has  been  installed.  I  have  gone  over 
everything  with  him  and  have  pivon  Mm  Instructions  as  to 
what  to  do  ana  will  follow  him  up  pretty  closely  for  the 
next  SO  days  in  order  to  sec  that  he  takes  hold  properly 
end  dooc  his  duty. 

I  paid  Mr.  Doylo  two  month's  wages  in  advance 
and  also  bought  tickets  for  himself  and  his  wife  hock  to 
Orange,  in  accordance  with  your  instructions.  After  I 
had  settled 'everything  up  with  him  he  came  in  with  a  freight 
hill  of  $18.85  for  tho  nrepay  of  his  freight  on  his  goods 
hack  to  Orange.  This  item  I  did  not  pay  for  the  reason  that 
you  gave  me  '.no  instructions  to  do  so  and  I  await  your  advices 
as  to  whether  to  allow  this  or  not. 

t  feel  that  you  have  been  very  liberal  with  him  as 
it  is  and  I  told  him  I  could  not  pay  thi3  bill  without 
nositlve  instructions  from  you  to  do  so.  Really  I  do  not 
think  it  is  up  to  you  to  pay  tho  freight  on  his  household 
goods  for  so  far  as  I  know  they  may  consist  largely  of 
souvenirs  and  things  of  that  Mnd  that  he  Ms  purchased 
hero.  Of  course  I  do  not  know  about  this,  but  looUng  a* 
the  mottor  from  an  unbiased  point  of  view ,  tnis  oould  easily 
be  tho  oasc. 

X  would  approciato  your  prompt  advice  in  tho  matter 
and  I  will  write  you  from  timo  to  time  and  tell  you  how  tho 
new  man  is  taking  hold. 

With  kindest  regards  to  Mrs.  Edison  ana  yourself, 

Most  truly  yours 

frW  . 

and  of  which  I  am  the  author,  and  if,  after  reading  it  .over, 
the  plan  moots  with  your  approval  X  should  ho  very  glad 
inaeoa  if  you  could  seo  your  way  clear  to  give  us  a  small 
donation  of  Bay  §25  or  §50  towards  the  erection  of  such  a 

I  believe  it  is  a  plan  well  worthy  the  support  of 
all  who  are  interested  in  the  growth  and  welfare  of  Fort 
Hyers  and  feel  it  will  do  more  good  to  the  poorer  classes 
hero  than  anything  else.  X  should  not  only  appreciate  tho 
amount  you  would  give,  hut  think  your  endorsement  and 
approval  of  the  plan  would  have  a  good  deal  of  weight  with 
our  citizens  and  assist  us  in  securing  other  donations. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  your  courtesy  in  the 

matter,  I  am. 


July  1R ,  1911. 

-ML  IS  i§  l  j 

Ily  dear  Sir: 

Replying  to  your  favor  of  recent  date  relative 
to  the  new  gardener  will  say  he  has  taken  hold  fairly  well 
and  ns  though  he  might  prove  hettor  in  some  respects  then 
Do  vie.  I  havo  followed  your  instructions  and  hove  oiii  off 
ell  the  help  except  himself.  Ho  scorns  to  think  howover, 
that  he  will  not  ho  able  to  hold  the  job  down  himself,  and 
it  may  bo  necessary  at  times  to  furnish  him  a  helper  for  a 
weok  or  two  at  a  time.  He  speaks  vory  poor  English  end  is 
very  hard  to  understand. 

Of  c  ourso  he  has  been  horo  such  a  short  time  that 
I  hardly  feel  able  to  pass  judgment  on  him  now.  His 
knowledge  of  conditions  in  this  part  of  the  country  seems 
to  be  verv  limited,  but  T  have  assured  him  thn^  I  will 
render  him  every  assistance  in  my  power  end  give  him  the 
benefit  of  my  knowledge  ana  experience  in  uhe  care  of 
tropical  plants  and  trees.  His  wife  seems  to  bo  on 
industrious  and  smart  little  women  and  now  that  Hoyle  has 
"•one  I  rather  think  he  will  settle  down  and  take  hold  of 
matters  better  than  ho  did  at  first.  Hoyle  tried  >,o  upset 
him  end  had  him  thinking  that  there  was  four  times  as  much 
work  there  as  there  really  i3,  and  the  follow  bogan  to  be 
fearful  of  undertaking  the  job  alone. 

I  will  write  you  again  in  a-  weok  or  two  and  toll 
you  just  how  I  think  he  will 'turn  out,  as  X  think  I  will  bo 
able  to  jiidge  him  by  that  time. 

Vory  truly  yours 

July  18,  1911. 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

My  dear  Sir: 

/!i  yj ! 

Your  favor  of  the  13th  received,  advising  that 
you  are  willing  to  make  a  donation  for  the  recreation: pier , 
and  I  thank  you  heartily  for  your  interest  and  your  offer. 

I  am  sure  it  is  a  project  we  will  all  feel  proud 
of  when  completed  ana  one  that  will  add  much  to  the  general 
good  of  the  town. 

Again  thanking  you,  I  am, 

Host  truly  yours 

August  7,  1911. 

Mr.  K.  K.  Miller , 

J5  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir : 

Your  favor  received  with  letter  from  Mr.  Tyker, 
of  Pomona,  Cal.,  and  same  will  have  my  attention. 

Yours  truly, 

■7^  2^,n 

I  was  at  your  homo  plae 

u  w 


Boom  to  know  how  totakehold  oi  tm^ning  haB  vory 

results  or  moke  ash  owing  and  I  fr^sf"?c.,  that  you  are 
SSSSbSS“  ^ “.**£*«>  do  ^ouer  after  he  has 

■  feon  hire  a  while,  hut  I  am  afraid  not. 

'  He  has  already  been  to  mo  t/ioe  and  aske d  me  to  . 

Lf  E”»s  s» 

»|i  s„“ii  rsi 

*  M  ?SH£ 

cncl  WallBje  *  0°;  the  wall  end  the  Sill-in  behind 

storm,  but  almost  all  °i  a-urlnr  the  hurricane  and 

was  washed  uway  hy  tho  of  5200  to  out 

it  would  probably  00®l,^5n  the  necessary  fill-in  between 
it  in  shape  again  and  make  uho  necessary  ^  or  not 

it  and  the  swimming  pool.  ^oaso  ad^  ^  aone.  If  so  the 
earlier*1  in°  the '"fall  wfget  the  work  started  the  less  it 
will  cost. 

Prom  time  to  time  I  will  advise  you  further  in 
regard  to  Zeman.  There  is  no  other  nows  of  interest  at 
this ■ writing. 

V/ith  kindest  regards  and  best  wishes,  I  am, 

Thos.  A.  liaison,  Esq., 

York *  A uc.  11,  1T)!1. 

is  received  and  contents  noted.  I  eh:  sorry 
i  ret  your  stockholders  together  and  encourage 
;tuxlB  the  cancelling  or  the  mortgage. 

>rossiou  about  what  Mr.  Hogg  intended.  It  wao 

do sire  to  aid  you  and  get  you  on 

on  your  i'oet,  but  he  expected  beyond 

roy  to  me  offering  £r>,000  Is  Imp 

consider.  V.ltilo  1  have  no  disposition  to  press  you,  I  must  get 

full  amount  ȣ  thir  uortr  n  c  and 

hope  that  you  will  got.  yourselves 

to  lit.if.ato,  i  ’..'ill  have  to  do  it, 
h  tc  say  not.  that  I  shall  have  to  withdraw  my  otiov  to  uc- 

M  »vU\ 


August  18,  1911  • 

•.  II.-  P.  Miller, 

Orange ,  it. 

Dear  Sir : 


will  say,  yes, 
lettor  can  wait 

the  14th  received  end  in  reply  ttersto 
n  of  tre  matters  referred  to  in  my  laso 
mtil  Mr?  Edison  returns  from  Europe^ 

Yours  truly , 

Granville  Bank 


A-  /^—  /  ?// 


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Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  ' 

Orange ,  II. 

My  dear  Sir:  |  C 

Your  letter  received  with  checjgtfor  072.84, 
which  amount  we  have  placed  to  your  credit  with  thanks. 
I  also  note  that  you  want  nothing  done  in  regard  to  the 

rock  wall. 

In  regard  to  Zeeman,  in  some  respects  he  is  a 
fairly  good  man  and  in  others  he  is  not.  He  is  sober  and 
a  very  good  worker,  hut  has  not  nvuch  knowledge  of  how  to 
handle  plants  and  trees  in  this  section  and  really  has 
very  little  judgment  or  common  sense  about  anything. 

He  looks  after  everything  as  best  he  can  and  seems  to  work 
all  the  time,  but  does  not  accomplish  much  or  make  any 
showing.  However,  1  will  try  to  get  along  with  him  as  host. 
I  can  this  fall  until  you  come  down  and  have  a  chance  to 
look  him  over  yourself. 

Unless  I  give  him  some  help  right  away  he  will 
certainly  not  have  your  place  looking  as  you  want  it  to  look, 
so  I  am  arranging  to  give  him  a  man  to  assist  him  after 
this  week,  this  oourse  being  an  absolute  necessity  in  order 
to  get  the  plaoe  in  good  condition  for  the  winter. 

For  some  time  I  have  intended  writing  you  in  regard 
to  your  snr inkling  system.  Nearly  all  of  the  nipples  and 
bushings  have  rusted  and  rotted  off,  from  the  effects  of 
the  sulphur  water,  and  I  see  nothing  to  do  but  to  replace 
the  entire  outfit  with  brass  nipples  and  buBhings.  To  do 
this  will  require  600  brass  nipples  t  x  3  and  600  brass 
bushings  ixi  I  thought  perhaps  you  might  be  able  to  get 
these  fittings  from  some  firm  with  whom  you  do  business  at 
a  cheaper  rate  than  I  could  procure  them  here.  I  consider  it 
a  waste  of  time  and  money  to  put  in  any  more  blaok  iron,  as 
this  artesian  water  will  eat  it  out  about  as  rapidly  as  it 
can  be  installed. 

It  is  also  nedessary  to  have  a  new  fence  around 
-  10-acre  tract  on  the  South  side  of  the  road,  on  what  is 
ra  as  your  Park  Place  and  where  the  stable  stands,  as  a 

great  many  of  the  posts  have  rotted  out  and  the  wire  too. 
Accordingly  I  am  arranging  to  have  a  new  fence  built  around 
this  nroperty,  this  expenditure  being  necessary  in  order  to 
keep  cattle,  etc.,  out  of  the  property. 

With  kindest  regards  and  best  wishes,  and  hoping 
to  see  you  in  i’ort  Myers  early  thiB  season,  I  am. 

.  Edison, 
Orango , 

;.ly  dear  Sir : 


%&. < 

llovember  7,  1911. 

IkJC—  - 

— 7T">  <=l  t 

^u  ll  wtw 

X  feel  it  iAn^rtTto  va^Ty^ Win fTlV 
the  man  Zeeman  whom  y°% r^T iSU 

to  he  done  and  how-to  dU^-dtv^-^K&ont  him  spfiie  good  men  to 
assist  him  in  fertilizing  and  working  onti^'!°1'f)^C  Anting 
.and  also  to  help  him  get  things  ins^apo^f  lower  planting 

a^vsrsssfefu  r.s.1*: 

the' importance  of  getting  his  garden  planed  hut  he  does 
not  seem  to  he  abler  to  get  along  with  any  men  I  send  there 
to  assist  him  and  he  is  not  making  any  headway  alone. 

I  am  sure  he  will  not  suit  you  when  you  come  hero 
for  he  does  not  seem  to  have  any  common  sense  or  judgment  at 
all  and  is  incapable  of  catching  emtoanythinghe  ^  £old. 
t  VaHevfl  I  nould  get  you  a  good  man  down  in  inis  par^  01 
the  country  although  I  might  not  ho  able  to  get  a  woman 

SS  “Si  li  *5.  JU»rtfar..  fals»”  i.  ”tS.i 

who  understands  and  can  take  care  of  your  plants  and  treos 
and  who  will  keep  the  place  up  in  nice  shape. 

I  shall  he  glad  if  you  will  adviso  me  promptly 
whether  or  not  you  desire  mo  to  secure  a man  hero  or  whether 
vou  Will  send  one  from. up  there,  foi  I  .-snow  ,/OU  vij.±  noi  e 
satisfied  with  the  appearance  of  your  some 

good  man  in  there  right  away  who  understands  his  business 
rnd  can  make  some  showing.  I  have  done  my  utmost  to  try  o 
show  Zeoman  what  was  to  ho  done  and  explain  tne  v '°**  *£  £*’ m, 
and  have  honed  all  along  that  as  he  conuinuod  stay  here 
he  would  pick  up  the  necessary  knowlodgo,  but  I  have  lost 
all  hope  in  him  and  have  regretfully  come  to  ^  d®°df4°”  h 
that  he  is  simnly  a  thick-headed  Dutchman  who  has  not  enough 
brains  for  the  job  and  who  will  never  prove  satisfactorj  to 
you  in  any  respect . 

He  may  be  all  right  to  serve  under  some  other  man, 
hut  he  has  absolutely  no  initiative  himself.  Understand 
there  has  been  no  unpleasantness  of  any  itind  between  ub, 
nor  any  hard  feelines;  1  simply  feel  it  my  duty  to  report 
the  situation  to  you  exactly  as  it  is  and  if  you  still 
desire  to  retain  him  on  the  place  and  the  grounds  do  not 
look  as  they  should  when  you  come  down  this  winter  I  will 
feel  that  it  is  not  my  fault. 

I  hope  that  you  and  ycmr  family  are  well,  and 
with  kindest  regards  and  best  wishes,  I  am. 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  ^ 

Orange,  K.  J-  " 

Dear  Sir:-  ^ 

Iou„  of  th.  11th  Inst,  receive!.  I  not.  »h.t  you  s»y 

„lativ.  to  hooping  Z.omm  until  «*»  «“  fl”a  »  leMeI  *“‘ 
„hioh  I  »1U  h=  Bl»a  to  «o,  a.  1  «  »««•  »”•  ttot  he  ”U1 
ho  ablo  to  keep  o  pl.oo  In  o  o.tiof.otory  W  that  Mr.  JB.» 
.onto  ,  although  I  «1U  4o  tho  host  I  oon  .1th  It. 


Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Glenmont  (E-11-51) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  furnishing  and  maintenance  of  Glenmont,  Edison's  home  in  the  private 
residential  community  of  Llewellyn  Park  in  West  Orange.  The  two  selected 
items  concern  Edison's  stock  holdings  in  the  Llewellyn  Park  Improvement 
Society  and  instructions  regarding  the  insured  value  of  his  greenhouse  and 

The  unselected  material  consists  of  meeting  announcements  and  other 
circular  letters  from  the  managers  and  trustees  of  Llewellyn  Park; 
miscellaneous  invoices;  and  two  monthly  lists  of  accounts  payable. 

/rUf  y\o^A^r>\  "Tf 

QwuuJf  Ml  Hsi O'  jAxAAAyLAAA^L^  (utn*~ 

aJUo  /Ou(aaaju  ^c£c 

(JTtu  (q  O  O  O  ,  %3*  COO, 

cud  ffu  ■Jf&tAuo  _  ifjJL/u,  f- 

^•fa*.  ^«oo. 

~j'(l  ftJUa  yU>VL ude  As**ui  jd 

(jtruAc^tJ^  /jo-*\  Casis^  dix 

ffu  id*  (aJo%a*a-  (C^^tjuuAe  cud  Mlj 


v/hich  it  may  be  adjourned.. 

And  I  do  give  my  said  attorney  or  attorneys  full  power  of 
substitution  or  revocation,  hereby  ratifying  8nd.°°Ilf^“ig!e^1  th&t 
ny  attorneys  or  their  substitutes  may  do  in  my  plaoe  and  stead. 

This  proxy  to  be  good  until  revoked, 

in  Witness  ’//hereof,  I  have  hereunto  set  my  hand  and  seal 
this  26th  day  of  September  1911. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Health  and  Diet  (E-1 1-52) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
Edison's  widely  publicized  views  on  longevity,  his  recommendations  for  good 
health,  and  his  personal  habits,  physical  condition,  and  ailments.  Some  of  the 
letters,  containing  Edison's  reply  in  the  form  of  marginalia,  concern  smoking, 
diet,  and  referrals  to  physicians.  Also  included  is  a  questionnaire  that  Edison 
agreed  to  circulate  among  his  workers  on  behalf  of  author  and  attorney  Bolton 
Hall.  Among  the  correspondents  are  Clarence  I.  Peck,  an  acquaintance  from 
Fort  Myers,  Florida,  and  physicians  George  T.  Jackson  of  New  York  and  Sir 
James  A.  Grant  of  Canada. 

Approximately  40  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  selected:  unsolicited 
circulars,  pamphlets,  and  newspaper  clippings;  correspondence  receiving  no 
reply.  Also  not  selected  is  a  letter  regarding  a  purported  remedy  by  Edison  for 
hardening  of  the  arteries,  along  with  a  marginal  notation  indicating  that  the 
writer  had  "misunderstood  the  articles  in  the  papers." 

r  >1 

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bv*.  (ci^y^ 


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*£-j£  ^ 

I  was  much  interested  in'  reading  an  interview  with 
you  published  in  a  recent  newspaper, wherein  a  comparison  of  your 
views  and  those  of  Mr.  J.  C.  Stuhhs  was  made.  Your  statement  of 
your  system  of  living  viz: 

1  Proper  Eating, 

2  Proper  Sleeping , 

3  Proper  Clothing, 

I  heartily  commend  in  general  and  would  be  much  gratified  if  you 
would  specify  each  of  the  three  more  in  detail,  especially  the 
first  named.  I  am  particularly  interested  in  hygienics,  and  would 
esteem  suggestions  and  advice  from  you  a  great  favor. 

I  would  recall  to  your  mind  our  former  acquaintance  in  Florida- 
first  when  there  with  my  Brother  (Ferdinand  W. )  and  myself  (we 
owned  property  adjoining  yours  there)  at  a  time  when  you  were  ill 
at  your  house,  you  kindly  loaned  us  your  launch  for  Tarpon  fishing, 
in  which  we  were  most  successful.  later  we  had  the  pleasure  of 
meeting  you  at  times  at  the  Tropical  Hotel  at  Ft.  Myers.  After¬ 
wards  you  kindly  invited  us  to  go  through  your  plant  at  Llewelyn 

Park  and  showed  us  through  your  laboratories  and  workshops.  I 

extremely  interested  with  your  explanation  of  your  long  successful 
efforts  at  your  old  pine  deBk  in  making  the  phonograph  talk  properly 
and  in  working  out  the  incandescent  light  problem,  etc. 

I  don't  want  to  impose  upon  your  time  -  I  can  imagine  that  you 
are  much  bothered  wl th  cranks  -  (I  am  not  a  bad  one);  but  1  would 
appreciate  a  reply  from  you  as  requested. 

tTith  best  wishes  always , 


/i  "i  _ 


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June  Slat  1911. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Llewellyn  Park 

Oranee ,  77.  J . 

?*y  dear  Sir:-  1 

Would  you  not  he  willinjj  to  have  your  factory 
employees  fill  in  the  enclosed  Questionaire  on  Sleep? 

I  believe  you  will  he  interested,  especially  with  a  vievf  to 
your  experiment,  about  reduoin"  the  hours  of  sleep. 

I  shall  he  pleased  to  send  you  as  many  of  the 
enclosed  blanks  as  you  can  use.  I  am, 



81  East  17th  Street 
■  t  New  York  Tele 

6  Henrietta  St.,  Corel 

Laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,.  'T.J. 

Dear  Sirs:- 

V ia  take  pleasure  in  sending,  you  today, 
at.  the  request  of  Ur.  Holton  Hall,  a  number  of  blanks 
Hall's  qeooticnairo  on  Sloop. 

Yours  very  truly,, 




Do  you  sleep  well  ?  . 

How  many  waking  hours  in  bed? . 

How  many  hours  sleep  on  an  average,  and  at  what  limes?. 

What  do  you  consider  sufficient  for  yourself? . 

Any  difference  during  vacations? . 

Do  you  use  any  means  or  devices  for  inducing  sleep? - 

Arc  you  given  to  worry? . 

Does  physical,  especially  agricultural  work  relieve  this? . 

restfuTsle'ep  ^obtained,  and  the  amount  "^““^.^hUsheet'and  return  to  the 
You  will  confer  a  great  favor  if  you  will  fill  out  this  sheet  and  return  to  tnc 

publisher.  Vours  w^opj4Ti  YARD  &  COMPANY. 


In  accordance  with  Mr.  Edison's  kind  request: 
we  have  asked  the  Moffat,  Yard  Company  to  forward  the  150 
■blanks  on  "Sleep"  -  which  you  have  doubtless  received  ere  this. 

Yours  very  truly 


u  Aj-  cX.^0  ■w.-t-rM, 

c T?«-CL.O  A.1 



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Union  National  Bank, 

Newark,  N.  J. 


H.  E.  Miller 
La*  oratory 
Ora nge 

Thomas  A.  Edison 

i,  H.J. 

.Dear  Sir:- 

Mr.  Hall  acknowledges  your  kind  note  of  the  13th, 
regarding  the  Questionaire  on  "Sleep;"  and  thanks  Mr.  Edison 

for  his  kind  interest. 

yours  very  truly 


r  Mr.  W)lton  Hal! 

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Mr  Thomas  A.  Edison 

West  Orange  N.J.  -  v>^  / 

Dear  Sir;-  I  was  born  across  the  River, from  yourself  4nd  th^ 

Pages  especially  Mrs  Homer  Page  I  number  among  the  best  friends  I  ever 
had.  I  have  only  this  exouse  to  offer  for  troubling  a  man  as  busy  as 
I  know  you  to  be.  While  talking  to  a  Doctor  here  the  other  day  X  was 
told  that  you  had  discovered  a  method  of  dissolving  Urate  of  Soda  in  the- 
joints.  X  have  suffered  with  Rheumatism  in  my  joints  for  years  Arthur 
itis  the  Doctors  call  it.  My  joints  still  have  action  but  are  very  sore 
I  think  if  I  could  got  that  dissolved  I  could  get  well  and  throw  away 
my  orutches.  One  curious  thing  about  my  sickness  has  been  that  when  the 
temperature  got  down  to  zero  I  could  throw  a  spark  by  touching  a  person 
or  metal  which  gave  quite  a  shock,  and  after  a  few  times  the  person 
shocked  became  charged. so  they  could  do  the  same  thing.  My  family  were 
all  able  after  a  few  times  to  do  the  same.  Will  you  kindly  advise  if  any 
practical  use  is  being  made  of  the  electric  method  of  dissolving  these 
deposits  and  who  has  them  in  charge. 

Yours  sincerely 

Pfo  £ 

Law  Office  ol 
BARRISTERS  HALL,  •  -  Room. 

TELEPHONES,  H.ym.flc.t 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

New  York,  N.  Y. 

Bear  sir: 

Some  time  ago,  when  you  v.ere  abroad,  I  noticed  what 
purported  to  be  an  interview  with  you  printed  in  the  Boston  news¬ 
papers,  which  was  interesting,  although  perhaps  not  correct  in  all 
particulars.  I  was  quite  interested  in  what  it  said  about  the  un¬ 
usually  short  amount  of  sleep  that  you  take  and  that  you  have  been 
in  the  practice  of  taking  during  your  life.  I  think  the  article 
said  not  more  than  four  hours  a  day. 

I  would  very  much  like  to  know  if  this  report  is  correct, 
and  if  so,  if  you  think  that  people  in  general  could  become  habit¬ 
uated  to  thiB,  so  that  they  would  be  just  as  well  off  as  if  they 
took  the  usual  amount  of  sleep  which  is  regarded  as  the  normal 

With  highest  regards,  I  remain, 

r  truly, 


CfL  oJLcait  Uj  /U^'f 

„  crmeJtr  (-Of  f^TlU  ** 

C(  ' 

Izau  a -  5' 

qJU-f*  iXUji  ~ 

Judging  from  your  occasional  public  uttwrences  I 

do  not  believe  I  atr.  mistaken  that  you  are,  as  most  thinkers, 
interested  in  biological  science  particularly  the  dynamical 
end  of  it.  It  profits  us  little  to  know  what  makes  things 
grow  but  it  would  be  of  vast  importance  for  us  to  acqire  at 
least  a  rudimentary  knowledge  of  the  energy  or  forces  so 
economically  utilized  and  controlled  by  the  living  organism. 

According  to  a  new  line  of  inquiery  which  X  developed 
a  few  years  ago,  one  can  readily  see  that  the  work  of  the 
man  with  the  scalpel  while  useful,  cannot  be  a  channel  leading 
to  the  final  solution  of  bio-dynamics  the  densest  problem  of 
our  enlightened  and  scientific  age.  I  have  already  gone  very 
far  with  this  work  in  my  spare  moments  and  have  easily  succeed¬ 
ed  in  elicting  enough  fundamental  laws  to  permit  the  formal 
structure  of  a  principia  of  the  Natural  Philosophy  of  life. 

A  work  of  this  kind  would  quickly  revolutionize  or  sharp¬ 
ly  affect  all  the  sciences  which  directly  have  to  do  with  our 
bodily  as  well  as  social  welfare.  I  now  practically  hold  the 
key  to  this  great  work,  but  as  an  engineer  and  manufacturer  I 
have  so  little  time  that  society  would  be  deprived  of  the  benefits 
for  years  and  years.  I  do  not  intend  to  write  the  Principia 
personally  but  would  be  a  director.  In  this  capacity  ^-am  going 

Mr.  T.  A.  Edison 


to  secure  the  collate rat ion,  aid  or  criticism,  from  the  fore¬ 
most  scientists  of  the  world,  with  a  preference  for  thinkers  and 
observers  who  are  not  professionals  in  any  of  the  lines  covered 
by  the  philosophy.  Among  these  I  have  never  heard  of  more 
.  plausible  and  sound  expressions  of  thought  than  those  which 
come  from  you,  and  onsequently  !  would  very  much  like  to  have 
an  interview  with  you  in  regard  to  the  matter  above  outlined. 

X  have  no  book  publisher  interested  in  my  work  but  it 
will  rather  be  the  work  of  a  little  society  and  of  course 
all  who  contribute  will  be  well  repaid  for  their  time. 

■Enclosed  you  will  find  an  editorial  article  -a  sample 
of  the  new  data  arranged  for  popular  reading. 

Awaijring  the  pleasure  of  a  favorable  reply,  I  am 
Faithfully  yours . 

Uovmber  the  fourth  1911. 


THE  WOliLl):  'SUNDAY,  JULY  l.>,  1110(1. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Honors  and  Awards  (E-11-53) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
Edison’s  formal  awards  and  honors.  Included  are  invitations  for  Edison  to 
compete  for  Nobel  Prizes  in  Chemistry  and  Natural  Philosophy,  which 
received  no  reply  from  the  inventor.  Also  included  is  correspondence  with 
Charles  R.  Cross,  head  of  the  Physics  Department  at  the  Massachusetts 
Institute  of  Technology,  concerning  a  photographic  replica  of  the  Rumford 
Medal— an  honor  conferred  upon  Edison  by  the  American  Academy  of  Arts 
and  Sciences  in  1895  for  his  work  in  electric  lighting. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 





,  "  April/17 


y ’jf 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

The  Rumford  Committee  of  the  American  Acad< 
desirous  of  securing  replicas  of  all  the  tumford  Medals  v.-hich 
have  been  awarded.  Previously  to  the  last  few  years  this  has 
not  been  done  and  there  is  no  record  even  of  the  personal 
portion  of  the  various  inscriptions.  As  Chairman  of  the 
Committee  I  am  asked  to  secure  as  far  as  possible  the  data 
necessary  for  the  engraver. 

It  will  be  a  great  favor  to  the  Academy  if  you  can 
send  me  the  inscription  as  "displayed"  in  the  case  of  the  medal 
which  was  awarded  to  you,  as  well  as  the  character  of  the 
lettering.  Only  the  portion  in  incised  letters  is  actually 
needed.  This  can  be  secured  most  completely  by  giving  the 
wording  of  the  inscription  and  its  "lay-out"  in  writing  and 
procuring  a  photograph  of  the  reverse  of  the  medal  or  having 
a  cast  made  in  plaster-  X  send  a  print  of  the  reverse  of  the 
medal  awarded  to  Alvan  Clark  as  an  indication  of  what  is 
needed.  The  Committee  will  be  glad  to  pay  any  expense  in¬ 

Hoping  that  you  will  be  able  to  oblige  the  Committee, 

yours  very 


June  30,  1911. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edisc 

I  received  this  morning  from  your 
secretary,  Mr.  Miller,  the  photographs  of 
your  Rumford  Medal,  which  I  requested-  for 
the  Rumford  Committee  a  short  time  since. 

I  am  greatly  obliged  for  them  and  in  the 
autumn  shall  proceed  to  have  the  bronze 
replica  engraved. 

Yours  very  sincerely, 



PA  uppdrag  af  Kungl.  Svenska  Vetenskapsakademien  harva  underlecknade,  med- 
lemmar  af  dess  Nobelkommitte  for  kemi,  aran  inbjuda  Eder  att  inkomma  med  forslag  till 
niottagare  af  Nobelpriset  i  kemi  for  1912. 

I  enlighet  med  foreskrifterna  i  Nobelstiftelsens  Grundstadgar,  som  till  Eder  ofver- 
sandts,  bor  i  forslaget  angifvas  den  upptackt  eller  forbiittring,  for  hvilken  prisets  utdelande 
foreslAs,  hvarjiimte  forslaget  bor  vara  motiveradt  och  atfoljdt  af  de  skrifter  och  andra  hand- 
lingar,  som  aberopas.  Aldre  arbeten  kunna  blifva  foremai  for  beloning  ailenast  i  hiindelse 
deras  betydelse  forst  under  senaste  tiden  blifvit  adagalagd.  Forslag  maste,  for  att  kunna 
upptagas  till  profning,  vara  inkommet  till  Nobelkommitten  fore  den  1  febr.  1912.  Forslags- 
skrifvelsen  bor  adresseras  till: 

“Kungl.  Vetenskapsakademiens  Nobelkommitte  for  kemi. 

Stockholm. “ 

hvarjamte  fi  omslaget  bor  angifvas  : 
pris  i  kemi. 

Stockholm  i  sept.  1911. 

it  forsiindelsen  innehSller  forslag  till  mottagare  af  Nobel- 




Lettre  confldentielte. 


L’Academie  Royale  des  Sciences  a  elu  les  soussignes  membres  de  son  Comitd  Nobel 
pour  la  chimie,  et  c'est  en  cede  qualite  que  nous  avons  l’honneur  de  vous  inviter  a  nous 
presenter  une  proposition  pour  le  prix  Nobel  de  chimie  it  decerner  en  1912. 

D’apres  les  prescriptions  du  Statut  de  la  Fondation  Nobel,  dont  nous  vous  avons 
adresse  un  exentplaire,  cette  proposition  doit  contenir  l’indication  de  la  decouverte  faite  ou 
du  perfectionnement  apporte  dans  la  chimie,  dont  i’auteur  est  propose  pour  ie  prix  Nobel. 
En  outre,  elle  doit  etre  motivee  et  accompagnee  des  ouvrages  et  autres  documents  sur  Iesquels 
elle  s’appuie.  Les  travaux  qui  n’appartiennent  pas  it  l’epoque  la  plus  recente  ne  peuvent 
etre  objets  de  recompense  que  dans  le  cas  oil  leur  importance  n’a  ete  demontree  que  dans' 
les  derniers  temps.  Pour  etre  prise  en  consideration,  la  proposition  doit  parvenir  au  Comtte 
Nobel  de  chimie  avant  le  1"  Fevrier  1912.  La  lettre  doit  etre  adressee  au 
Comite  Nobel  de  chimie  de  I'Academie  Royale  des  Sciences 
a  Stockholm 

et  porter  sur  l’enveloppe  qu’elle  contient  t 
Stockholm,  Septembre  1911. 

e  proposition  de  prix. 





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v»  Ok«'}*i*?~  fttUH'/Sy  A  //’/2- 



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djifadi  /<--• 



Herr . . 'fyr'Jcrx^ 

Pa  uppdrag  af  Kungl.  Svenska  Ve.enskapsakademien  hafva  undertecknade,  med- 
lemmar  af  dess  for  fysik,  iiran  inbjuda  Eder  at,  inkomma  med  forslag  .if 
monagare  af  Nobelprise.  i  fysik  for  1912. 

1  enlighet  med  lbreskrifterna  i  Nobels.iftelsens  Grundstadgar,  som  till  Eder  ofver- 
siindts  bor  i  forslaget  angifvas  den  upp.iickt  eller  uppHnning,  for  hvilken  prise.s  u.delande 
fores, as,  hvarjiume  fdrslage.  bor  vara  mo.iverad,  och  a.fdljd.  af  de  och  andra  hand- 
lingar,  som  aberopas.  Aldre  arbe.en  kunna  blifva  fdremal  for  beldning  allenast  i  handelse 
deras  be.ydelse  forst  under  senaste  tiden  blifvit  adagalagd.  Forslag  maste,  for  at.  kunna 
upptagas  till  profning,  vara  inkomme,  .ill  Nobelkom.nil.6n  fore  den  1  febr.  1912.  Fdrslags- 
skrifvelsen  bor  adresseras  till: 

“Kungl.  Vetenskapsakademiens  Nobclkommitte  for  fysik. 

Stockholm .“ 

hvarjamte  a  omslage,  bor  angifvas  a.,  forsandelsen  innel.ailer  forslag  .ill  monagare  af  Nobel- 
pris  i  fysik. 

Stockholm  1  sept.  1911. 






Lettre  confidentiellc. 


L’Academie  Royale  des  Sciences  a  elu  les  soussignes  membres  de  son  Comite  Nobel 
pour  la  physique,  et  c’est  en  cette  qualite  que  nous  avons  l’honneur  de  vous  inviter  a  nous 
presenter  une  proposition  pour  le  prix  Nobel  de  physique  it  decerner  en  1912. 

D'apres  les  prescriptions  du  Statut  de  la  Fondation  Nobel,  dont  nous  vous  avons 
adresse  un  exemplaire,  cette  proposition  doit  contenir  i’indication  de  la  decouverte  ou  de 
l’invention,  dont  l’auteur  est  propose  pour  le  prix  Nobel.  En  outre,  elle  doit  etre  motivee 
et  accompagnee  des  ouvrages  et  autres  documents  sur  lesquels  elle  s’appuie.  Les  travaux 
qui  n’appartiennent  pas  it  l’epoque  la  plus  recente  ne  peuvent  etre  objets  de  recompense  que 
dans  le  cas  oil  leur  importance  n’a  ete  demontree  que  dans  les  derniers  temps.  Pour  etre 
prise  en  consideration,  la  proposition  doit  parvenir  au  Comite  Nobel  de  physique  avant  le 
l"  Fevrier  1912.  La  lettre  doit  etre  adressee  au 

Comite  Nobel  de  physique  de  V Academic  Royale  des  Sciences 
a  Stockholm 

et  porter  sur  1’enveloppe  qu’elle  contient  une  proposition  de  prix. 

Stockholm,  Septembre  1911. 







JJ'Jf-tl'  o/uO  '/ui  IHL. 

tfJZ  ^U!<s-c.<]  ./-o^  U’<Tf.  9%/Srt, 
CPAeniUfyr  //*/  &  /f/O 


Le  prix  Nobel  de  physique  a  dtd  ddcernd 

en  1901:  a  M.  W.  C.  Rontgen,  professeur  it  l’universitd 
de  Munich,  pour  la  ddcouverte  des  rayons  qui 
portent  son  nom; 

en  1902:  par  moilies  it  M.  H.  A.  Lorentz,  professeur  a 
l’universitd  de  Leyde,  et  a  M.  P.  Zeeman,  pro¬ 
fesseur  a  l’universitd  d'Amsterdam,  pour  leurs 
recherches  sur  l’intluence  du  magndtisme  sur  les 
phenomenes  de  la  radiation; 

en  1903:  par  moitids  a  M.  H.  A.  Becquerel,  professeur 
a  l’ficole  Polyteehnique  de  Paris,  pour  la  de- 
couverte  de  la  radioactivite  spontanee  et  a  M. 
P.  Curie,  professeur  a  l’ficole  municipale  de  phy¬ 
sique  et  de  chimie  industrielles,  et  Mrae  Marie 
Curie  a  Paris  pour  leurs  travaux  executes  en 
commun  regardant  les  phenomenes  de  radiation 
decouverts  par  M.  H.  A.  Becquerel; 

en  1904:  a  Lord  Rayleigh,  Londres,  pour  ses  recherches 
sur  la  densitd  des  gaz  principaux  et  pour  sa  de- 
couverte  de  l’argon,  amende  par  les  dites  recherches; 

.  en  1905:  a  M.  Ph.  Lenard,  professeur  a  l’universite  de  Kiel, 
pour  ses  recherches  sur  les  rayons  cathodiques; 

en  1906:  a  M.  J.  J.  Thomson,  professeur  a  l'universite 
de  Cambridge  (Angleterre),  pour  ses  recherches 
theoriques  et  expdrimentelles  sur  le  passage  de 
l’dlectricitd  a  travers  les  gaz; 

en  1907:  a  M.  A.  A.  Michelson,  professeur  a  l’universite 
de  Chicago,  pour  les  instruments  de  precision 
optiques  qu'il  a  invenlds' ainsi  que  pour  ses  re¬ 
cherches  spectroscopiques  et  metrologiques  faites 
a  l’aide  de  ces  instruments; 

en  1908:  a  M.  G.  Lippmann,  professeur  a  l’universite  de 
Paris,  pour  sa  methode  de  reproduire  photogra- 
phiquement  les  couleurs,  basee  sur  le  phdnomene 
de  l'interfdrence; 

en  1909:  par  moitids  a  M.  G.  Marconi,  ingenieur,  Londres, 
et  a  M.  F.  Braun,  professeur  a  l’universitd  de 
Strasbourg,  pour  leurs  mdrites  dans  le  domaine 
de  la  tdldgraphie  sans  HI; 

en  1910:  a  M.  J.  D.  van  der  Waals,  ancien  professeur  a 
l’universitd  d’Amsterdam,  pour  ses  travaux  sur 
l’dquation  d’dtat  des  gaz  et  des  liquides. 

Le  prix  Nobel  de  chimie  a  dtd  ddcernd 
en  1901:  a  M.  J.  H.  van't  Hoff,  professeur  a  l’universite 
de  Berlin,  pour  la  ddcouverte  des  lois  de  la  dy- 
namique  chimique  et  de  la  pression  osmotique 
en  solutions; 

en  1902:  a  M.  E.  Fischer,  professeur  a  l'universite  de 
Berlin,  pour  ses  travaux  synthetiques  dans  les 
groupes  des  sucres  et  de  la  purine; 
en  1903:  a  M.  S.  Arrhenius,  professeur  a  la  Fnculte  des 
Sciences  de  Stockholm,  pour  les  mdrites  de  sa 
theorie  de  la  dissociation  dlectrolytique  au  point 
de  vue  du  developpement  de  la  chimie; 
en  1904:  a  Sir  W.  Ramsay,  Londres,  pour  la  ddcouverte 
des  gaz  indifferents  et  dldmentaires  de  l’air  et 
pour  la  ddtermination  de  leur  place  dans  le  sy- 
steme  pdriodique; 

en  1905:  a  M.  A.  von  Baeyer,  professeur  a  l’universite  de 
Munich,  pour  les  progres  qu’il  a  fait  faire  a  la 
chimie  organique  et  a  l’industrie  chimique  par 
ses  travaux  sur  les  matieres  colorantes  organiques 
et  les  composds  hydroaromatiques; 
en  1906:  a  M.  H.  Moissan,  professeur  a  l’universitd  de 
Paris,  pour  ses  recherches  sur  le  fluor  et  sur  la 
manidre  de  l’isoler,  ainsi  que  pour  les  applications 
scientiflques  du  four  dlectrique  qui  porte  son  nom; 
en  1907:  a  M.  E.  Buchner,  professeur  a  l’lnstitut  agro- 
nomique  de  Berlin,  pour  ses  recherches  chimico- 
biologiques  et  pour  sa  ddcouverte  de  la  fermen¬ 
tation  sans  cellules  de  levure; 

en  1908:  a  M.  E.  Rutherford,  professeur  a  l’universitd  de 
Manchester,  pour  ses  recherches  sur  la  ddsa- 
grdgation  des  dldments  et  sur  la  chimie  des  corps 

en  1909:  a  M.  W.  Ostwald,  ancien  professeur  a  l’univer- 
site  de  Leipzig,  pour  ses  travaux  sur  la  catalyse 
ainsi  que  pour  ses  recherches  sur  les  dquilibres 
chimiques  et  les  vitesses  de  rdaction  sur  lesquelles 
ces  travaux  sont  fondes; 

en  1910:  a  M.  0.  Wallach,  professeur  a  l'universitd  de 
Gcettingue,  pour  les  progrds  qu’il  a  fait  faire  a  la 
chimie  organique  et  a  l’industrie  chimique  par  ses 
travaux  dminents  sur  les  combinaisons  alicycliques. 

g  , 

'yL^yzJfU'  ^cssU^/t^  jg 


Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Insurance  (E-11-54) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  concerning 
personal  and  property  insurance.  Among  the  items  for  1911  are  letters 
relating  to  the  designation  of  beneficiaries  for  Edison's  life  insurance  policy 
and  to  the  inspection  of  boilers  at  the  West  Orange  laboratory. 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  consists  primarily  of  unsolicited  promotional  material. 



i  _ 

S'./, Jr w&fcrar/v tJJrr //?, y  tr 

0y/jc7V^rffi(/f/e£$crsyy£  ^ 

Mr.  Harry  I1.  Miller, 


Dear  Sir: 

Mr.  Dyer  requests  me  to  inform  you  that  in  view 
of  tne  aiffioulty  of  doing  anything  in  regard  to  the  Mutual 
life  insuranoe  Company  polioy  of  Deoember  24,  1874,  Mr.  ildison 
has  deoided  to  do  nothing  in  the  matter  and  to  adjust  the 
situation  in  some  other  way. 


Pol.  #16616  Nkwauic.N.,1.,  Mar.  29,1911 

Mr.  H.  F.  Miller,  Sect.  ir 

Thos.  A.  Edison  Co., 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

With  further  reference  to  your 
favor  of  the  23rd  inst.  we  are  enclosing 
herewith  an  amendment  form,  completed  to 
cover  change  of  beneficiary  desired  in 
this  case. 

This  amendment  should  be  signed  by 
the  insured  in  the  presence  of  a  witness, 
and  returned  to  this  office  together  with  the 
policy  when  we  shall  be  in  a  position  to  make 
the  change  desired. 

I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours, 

Mgr.  Ord.^Pol.  Dept. 

cu,,ur^  *6* 

’Zfcft tA£,C-V<r  ” 


Pol.  16816-Edison 


l.  E.  IJillor,  Sec'y, 

Erom  the  laboratory  of  EhOEsr. 
Orange,  IT.  J. 

A  i^\  ‘ ,  f  W 

if  x 

Bear  Sir: 

We  have  received  your  favor  of  the  1st,  in  reference  ^ 
to  a  change  in  beneficiary  in  connection  with  the  above  numbered 
policy,  issued  on  the  life  of  Mr.  Edison. 

We  have  to  advise  that  if  you  will  give  us  the  names  of  the 
children  to  whom  Mr.  Edison  wishes  this  policy  to  be  payable,  we 
v/ill  then  forward  you  the  necessary  amendment  form  to  have  signed 
I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours, 

/W..  £  0,d.t,r 

tfflc).  Ci  • 

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Ugr.  Or^^fo^  Bopt. 

New  1’ 


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cyl^y^y  *-*,  .(t 9 '&t*'<skvj)  a-e 

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Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Valley  Rd.  &  Lakeside  Ave., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

our  inspector,  Mr.  W.  3,#'  Niohois,  on  the  13th  day  oF 
Otet.  1911,  made  an  external  examination  of  the  three  steam  boilers 
specified  below  and  described  in  your  s  team  boiler  policy 
NO.  217521  as  located  at  the  above  address. 

The  report  s  hows  that  s  o  far  as  could  be  determined  by 
an  external  examination,  the  Boilers  appeared  in  good  condition. 

In  accordance  with  this  report,  the  Oompany  approves 
as  the  maximum  l<a  d  on  the  safety  valves  of  the 

B.  &  W.  Boiler  Ho.  1  h.  to  R.  13O  lbs,  per  sq.  in. 

B.  &  w.  Boilers  Nos.  2  &  3  L.  to  R.  135  lbs.  per  sq.  in. 
Yours  truly,.  ^  / 


supt.  of  Inspections  . 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Invitations  (E-11-55) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
banquets,  luncheons,  lectures,  and  special  events  to  which  Edison  was 
invited.  Among  the  correspondents  for  1 91 1  are  Charles  A.  Coffin,  Charles  J. 
"Buffalo"  Jones,  Clarence  H.  Mackay,  and  Arthur  E.  Stilwell. 

Approximately  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 
Invitations  that  were  unanswered  or  routinely  declined,  along  with  duplicates, 
have  not  been  selected. 

Cfi  One»vc.-e. 

25 3  fW«=*Q^^|  \ 

(st  ir"  CtT**<.  "to  y\dXarw\CL 

(&ojt  y  cur*  0^rv|  eLta-j^  a^V(5  da^J/cS  Ucct>i 

l/VT^  J-d lie^  d<yuj  of  'vneunci-ep — T& 

Qtfr~ T<ato  StoCiki  i/v\  Tow)  Q&cv 

V\  6-f*/vi  6v»^  ujUX  G<iw<  e^rty 


.//„  f  y/rM/f/r  (^r/ffrr  rr/t 

/ 1  £*  . 
Z)ctcdtn* — 


A.oiwtt/fW  ■Jecorir/ 

.,;„.//,/gJr^  &&»,•/ 

,5$nm’f*>er/w.  ^’rmer^on'  (oa/wor/fo/r 

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■&/rt.r/tO  t9/M*rf  Csffit*  V  .  li 

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My  Bear  Sir: 

Grand  Hotel,  ’ 

Broadway  &  51  St . , 

Hew  York  City;  Bee.  11,  1911. 

°S  Onn  ai-t('.u)  '£  lo-UJL  tf.  tfv-6-f»c  It* 

daw*  a-til-t  f«>  '••  ■'  , 

I  read  all  that  you  said  about  "Buffalo  Jones" 
on  your  return  from  Europe,  and  X  certainly  appreciate 
it  more  that  from  any  other  source.  X  always  admired 
people  that  do  things.  I  have  invented  many  things 
myself,  and  know  something  of  the  trials,  of  an  inventor. 
k.«-  jc£ 

What  I  wish  to  say  is,  I  am  to  give  a  lecture 
and  show  my  moving  pictures  of  roping  animals  in  America;, 
and  Africa.  I  have  some  of  the  most  startling  pictures, 
probably  in  the  world.  w  ^-s. 

m.  .  ...  CY  ' 

The  only  public  appearance ,  Cj  give' in  Hew  York 
City  is  at  Carnagie  Hall  Bee.  22nd,  and  I  desire  that  you 
and  your  friends  should  be  my  guests  and  occupy  one  of 
the  best  boxes. 

I  expect  to  have  quite  a  number  of  t(ie_best 
people  of  Hew  York  and  surrounding  places,  and  hdpe  you 'Will 
be  one  among  them. 

If  £ 

Your  sincere  well  wisher  and  admirer,  ’ 


season  lit  Now  York  and  Brooklyn  of 

“Buffalo”  Jones 

world’s  most  daring  hunting  expedition. 

“Lassoing  Wild  Animals 
in  Africa” 

Friday  Evening,  December  22,  1911 

Academy  of  Music,  Brooklyn 
Sat.  Aft.  &  Eve.  December  23,  1911 

loving  pictures  of  his 
»  his  African  cxpedl- 
ever  shown  except  by 

the  Last  Page 

one  of  the  most  daring  events  in  the  history  at 
mankind.  It  takes  courage  to  face  a  charging 
lioness,  or  a  rhinoceros,  with  no  other  protec¬ 
tion  than  one’s  own  agility  and  a  thin  snake-like 
rope.  But  Col.  Jones  had  that  requisite  and  suc¬ 
ceeded  in  tying  helplessly  every  species  of  big 
African  game.  He  evidently  knew  in  what  a 
doubtful  light  his  story  of  these  deeds  might  he 
regarded,  so,  in  order  to  have  his  "proofs,”  he 
took  two  motion  picture  outfits  with  him.  The 

phase  of  this  unique  form  of  hunting — hunting 
that  hurt  not  even  the  animals. 

To  quote  Col.  Roosevelt,  "I  did  not  believe 
it  possible  to  rope  a  lion  or  a  rhinoceros  as  they 
did,  and  to  have  caught  their  pictures  with  a 
cinematograph  is  a  thing  that  has  never  before 


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fr  4^  ^L,d  •  ^-C  Vj  ■'4/ov^  6h^l/  &>t4'  ^ 

(a.  ^vu  4  h  it-^-  ^-<nut\_  Oi  A'xvIjl(}c/*aj£Jl 

tuyf/U  l/^lj  ''£’*^.*9  Od^~  ' 4-^HiU 


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$1^  PiiK.i^  ikcXouf^  r 

AaM  4  «fu "rtvw/eJc" 

M^TUy  ^ 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Lectures  [not  selected]  (E-11-56) 

This  folder  contains  requests  for  Edison  to  deliver  lectures.  Among  the 
correspondents  for  1911  are  Moses  Gomberg  of  the  University  of  Michigan 
and  George  B.  McClellan,  Jr.,  of  Princeton  University,  as  well  as 
representatives  of  the  Metropolitan  Musical  and  Literary  Bureau  of  San 
Francisco  and  the  Lecture  Agency,  Ltd.,  of  London.  The  documents  contain 
Edison's  draft  replies  in  the  form  of  marginalia,  with  notations  such  as 
"Lecturing  is  out  of  my  line  and  "no  ans." 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Legal  -  General  (E-11-57) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  administration  of  legal  matters.  Among  the  items  for  1911  are  letters 
pertaining  to  the  estate  of  John  Kruesi,  for  which  Edison  and  Samuel  Insull 
served  as  executors  and  trustees.  Other  documents  concern  a  case  involving 
the  heirs  of  Robert  H.  Thompson,  the  head  of  a  pioneering  firm  in  the 
manufacture  of  corrugated  products  who  had  served  as  president  of  the 
Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  selected:  routine  letters  of 
transmittal  and  acknowledgment,  unsolicited  letters  seeking  advice  or 
information  from  Edison,  and  promotional  material.  Also  not  selected  are 
receipts  pertaining  to  the  New  Jersey  Patents  Co. 

/CVi/<>5  i  I  ^ 

.  ejfl'~(£A//'/rA,'//i'W/( CORTLANDT  BUILDING) 

,  _ MarclLlX.,.  19_11  _ 

G.  A.  Keister,  Esq.,  Assistant  Secretary,  i\:,V  io  ::'ii 

c/o  Thoms  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Hr.  Meister:- 

In  the  Kruesi  Estate,  3£r.  Insull,  after  going  fur¬ 
ther  into  the  matter  with  August  Kruesi  and  finding  that  if  he 
joined  with  Mrs.  Batchelor  in  making  distribution  in  her  account¬ 
ing  proceedings,  no  provision  could  he  made  for  the  education  of 
John  Kruesi  who  was  still  an  infant,  decided  that  it  was  advisable 
for  you  and  him  to  take  over  the  estate  long  enough  to  ensure  a 
proper  provision  for  the  education  of  John  Kruesi  who  is  now 
19  years  of  age  and  who  has,  X  think,  a  year  more  in  Union  College. 
Accordingly  tte  final  decree  entered  by  the 
Surrogate  in  Mrs.  Batchelor's  accounting  proceeding  directed  the 
estate  to  be  turned  over  to  yourself  and  Mr.  Insull. 

An  appropriate  receipt  was  prepared  by  Mrs. 
Batchelor's  attorneys  and  submitted  to  me  which  I  checked  up  with 
the  final  decree  and  found  to  be  correct.  Mr.  Xnsull  has  signed  it. 
X  enclose  it  herewith  for  Mr.  Edison's  signature.  After  it  is 

signed,  kindly  return  it  to  me  and  oblige  /O 

^  ’  Yours  very^trulrj  /y 

JCR/AK  M.  100  (Enc.) 

0.  A.  Melster,  Esq., 

Edi  b  on  Lab  rat  or y , 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

Dear  Mr.  Meister:- 

Re  Kruesi  EBtate.  X  enclose  herewith  a  check  for 
$592.13  to  the  order  of  "Samuel  Inaull  and  Thomas  A.  Edison  as 
surviving  Executors  and  Trustees  under  the  Will  of  John  Kruesi, 
deceased".  You  will  observe  that  Mr.  Insull  has  endorsed  this. 

Will  you  pleasehave  Mr.  Edison  sign  his  full  name  "Thomas  A.  Edison" 
under  Mr.  Insull ’ s  name  at  the  place  indicated  in  pencil? 

This  check  represents  the  cash  in  the  hands  of  Mrs. 
Batchelor  on  her.iBcounting.  Upon  receipt  of  this  check,  I  will 
add  the  words  "As  surviving  Executors  of  and  Trustees  under  the 
Last  Will  of  John  Kruesi,  deceased"  and  deposit  it  with  the  Farmers' 
Loan  &  Trust  con?) any  pursuant  to  Mr.  XnBull  directions. 

Yours  very  truly, 

JCR/AK  M.  101  (Enc.) 

Thoms  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  11.7. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

Mr.  Instill  looked  in  this  morning  and  in¬ 
structed  me  to  complete  the  account  of  your  and  his  proceedings 
as  surviving  executors  and  trustees  of  the  estate  of  .Tohn  JCruesi, 
deceased,  so  that  the  estate  may  be  distributed. 

The  securities  belonging  to  the  estate  were  deposited 
with  the  Farmers'  Loan  &  Trust  Company  by  Mr.  Batchelor.  To 
obtain  these  for  the  purpose  of  sale  and  distribution,  it  will 
be  necessary  for  me  to  file  with  the  Farmers '•  Loan  &  Trust 
Company  a  receipt  at  the  time  the  securities  are  delivered  over 
to  me.  T  have  drawn  such  a  receipt  together  with  an  authorization 
to  me  to  act  as  attorney  for  you  and  Mr.  Instill  in  winding  up 
this  estate. 

Mr.  Insull  has  signed  both  the  receipt  and  the  authoriza¬ 

Will  you  kindly  sign  both  of  these  papers  which  will 
be  submitted  to  you  by  Mr.  Alfred  B.  Trigge  t>f  my  office  who 

1  f  p  / 

To  insure  prompt  attention  Address  All  Communications  to  the  Company.  »  ^ 

The  Thompson  &  Norris  Company, 


'‘"'tffis?"*  principal  orriCE  a  works.  'y  at 

wiVlu»m  o'.CHAPIM .  .Kim.”!''.'..-.  BROOKLYN, 

'IF,;.  ^ 

To  insure  prompfattcntlon  Address  All  Communications  i 

The  Thompson  &  Norris  Company, 


Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

I  received  Mr.  Miller’s  letter  of/^*--' 
in  due  course,  and  wish  to  thank  you  for  your  willingness  to 
assist  us  in  our  case.  The  case  is  called  for  the  week  beginning 
Deo.  18th,  but  we  cannot  tell  just  when  it  will  be  reached.  We  can 
tell,  however,  within  about  twenty* four  hours,  and  X  will  be  careful 
to  advise  you  when  X  have  definite  information.  Do  hot  come  on 
therefore  until  you  hear  from  me  again.  I  would  simply  request- 
that  you  hold  yourself  in  readiness  during  the  week  beginning  the 
18  th. 

Yours  respectfully 


3(7'’$Aef>tcA'£MnSI0if:{. CORTLANDT  BUILDING) 

19,  1911 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey, 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

Mr.  Tnsull  has  signed  hue  account  and 
the  petition  for  settling  the  account  of  yourself  and  Mr.  Inaull 
as  surviving  Executors  and  Trustees  of  the  last  Will  and  Testa- 
went  of  JohnKruesi,  deceased. 

Mr.  Alfred  B.  Trigge  of  iny  office  will  Bring  to 
you  the  original  of  the  account  and  the  petition  and  ask  you 
to  sign  the  account  in  various  places  ard  also  the  petition 
and  then  verify  each  Before  a  notary  public. 

Mr.  Trigge  will  also  nresent  to  you  three  checks 

Ho.  2  to  the  ord'cr  of  Eaton,  Lewis  &  Rowe, 
Attorneys  for  $1697. 50  which  represents  an  amount 
to  be  transmitted  to  Miss  Olga  A.  Kruesi  by  us  on 
account  of  her  distributive  share. 

Ho.  3,  to  the  order  of  Eaton,  Lewis  & 
Attorneys  for  §212.50  for  legal  services 


Ho.  4,  to  the  order  of  Eaton,  Lewis  &  Rowe, 
Attorneys  for  $156.52  also  for  legal  services 
di  sbursementB. 

Will  you  kindly  si  gn 

>ach  of  these  checks  under  Mr. 

JOrt/AK  'A.  105 

Edison  General  File  Series 

1911.  Legal  -  Litigation  -  George  Harrington,  Josiah  C.  Reiff,  and 
Thomas  A.  Edison  v.  Atlantic  and  Pacific  Telegraph  Co.  et  al. 


This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  protracted  litigation  arising  from  Edison's  work  on  automatic  telegraphy 
during  the  1 870s.  After  financier  Jay  Gould  acquired  the  Automatic  Telegraph 
Co.  in  1875,  Reiff,  one  of  the  original  investors,  instituted  suit,  seeking 
reimbursement  for  the  interests  of  Edison,  Harrington,  and  himself.  Among 
the  documents  for  1911  are  letters  concerning  Edison's  involvement  in  the 
case  and  its  appeal.  Also  included  is  correspondence  pertaining  to  the 
troubled  finances  and  health  of  Reiff,  who  died  in  February  1911  at  the  home 
of  Mrs.  James  Hood  Wright.  Edison,  who  was  asked  to  serve  as  an  honorary 
pallbearer  at  the  funeral,  declined  the  invitation  on  account  of  illness.  At  the 
end  of  the  folder  is  a  two-page  summation  of  Edison's  cash  advances  to  Reiff 
during  the  period  1 888-1 911. 

Approximately  80  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
items  not  selected  consist  primarily  of  letters  regarding  the  payment  of  legal 
fees,  along  with  duplicates  and  variants  of  selected  documents. 

Related  material  for  1905-1910  can  be  found  in  the  "Reiff,  Josiah  C." 
folders  in  the  Document  File  Series  (Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers:  A  Selective 
Microfilm  Edition,  Part  IV).  Related  material  for  1912  can  be  found  in  the 
"Telegraph"  folder  (E-12-78)  in  the  Edison  General  File  Series. 

J.  C.  REIFF 
20  Broad  street 
Telephone,  764  Rector. 

k  . € . 

tU?  Ct^ 

«^V  -  £^5, 


For  the  Second  Cirouit 

George  Harrington,  ThomaB  A.  Edison  : 
and  Josiah  C.  Re  iff,  : 

Compla inant s-Appellants  : 

The  Atlantic  &  Pacific  Telegraph 
Company,  and  George  J.  Gould,  et  al, , 
as  Executors  and  Trustees,  eto., 


|i  Before 

i;  COXE,  WARD  and  NOYES, 

j;  Cirouit  JudgeB, 

V  [  f  ' 

Appeal  hy  both  parties  from  a  final  decree 
awarding  to  the  complainants  the  sum  of  one  dollar 
as  damages  for  infringement. 

The  oase  is  reported  143  E.R,  329. 

ij  WARD,  Circuit  Judge: 

The  'bill,  filed  May,  1876,  alleges  that  Thomas  A. 
j:  Edison,  a  oitizen  of  New  Jersey,  made  oertain  inventions  in 
j  automatic  telegraphy  and  also  in  duplex  and  quadruplex  tele- 
graphy  and  that  the  complainants  George  Harrington,  a  oitizer 
II  of  the  District  of  Columbia  and  Edison  wero  joint  owners  of 

Ithe  patents  and  of  the  applications  for  patents  therefor} 
that  December  30,  1874  the  complainants,  with  the  defendant 
Jay  Gould,  a  citizen  of  the  State  of  New  York,  agreed  to  co¬ 
operate  in  bringing  about  an  arrangement  with  the  defendant 
Telegraph  Company,  which  was  controlled  by  Gould,  the  materifl 
feature  of  whioh  was  that  the  complainants  were  to  transfer 

to  the  Telegraph  Company  the  aforesaid  inventions  in  consid¬ 
eration  of  31,800  shares  of  its  capital  stooltj  that  assign-  ; 
ments  were  made  t>y  the  complainants  of  the  inventions  in  au¬ 
tomatic  telegraphy  and  the  patents  and  applications  for  pa¬ 
tents  therefor  to  Gould  April  9,  1875  and  for  the  duplex 
and  quadruplex  inventions  .Tanuary  11,  1875}  that  these  trans¬ 
fers  wore  made  to  Could  as  trustee  for  the  Bole  purpose  of 
carrying  out  the  proposed  agreement  and  were  to  he  assigned 
hy  him  to  the  Telegraph  Company  only  upon  receiving  the  at 
Btock  consideration  aforesaid,  but  that  he  wrongfully  and 
prematurely  (assuming  that  the  arrangement  would  he  carried 
out)  and  without  receiving  the  said  consideration,  made  as¬ 
signments  of  all  that  he  took  under  both  deeds  to  the  Tel¬ 
egraph  Company,  which  had  full  notice  of  the  foregoing 

It  is  further  alleged  that  the  proposed  arrange¬ 
ment  fell  through,  that  the  Telegraph  Company  refused  to  pay 
the  consideration  and,  though  notified  hy  the  complainants 
that  the  transfers  were  for  that  reason  inoperative  and 
that  it  should  cease  to  use  the  inventions,  continued  to 
use  them  fraudulently  claiming  them  to  he  their  own  pro¬ 
perty  and  the  defendant  Gould,  though  notified  to  return  the 
assignments  of  January  11  and  April  9,  1875  to  he  cancelled, 
hue  not  done  so* 

The  prayer  of  the  hill  is  that  the  Telegraph 
Company  he  enjoined  from  using  the  inventions  and  required 
!  to  account  for  profits  and  damages  resulting  from  its  in- 
I  frlngement  and  that  the  assignments  to  the  defendant  Gould  ; 
j  and  from  the  defendant  Gould  to  the  Telegraph  Company  he  j 
j  declared  inoperative  and  of  no  effect  and  that  Gould  and  I 

the  Telegraph  Company  ho  required  to  transfer  whatever  title 
to  the  said  patents  and  inventions  they  have  to  the  ooraplain- 
ants  or  release  all  claim  thereto  to  them. 

'  It  will  he  observed  that  no  relief  whatever  is 
asked  against  Gould  except  that  the  transfers  to  him  he 
declared  inoperative  and  that  he  he  required  to  return  the 
same  and  no  claim  is  made  for  the  consideration  of  the 
transfers  hut  only  for  profits  and  damages  resulting  from 
the  infringement  by  the  Telegraph  Company.  Gould  is  not 
charged  with  fraud  or  with  confederacy  with  the  Telegraph 
Company  by  virtue  of  his  assignments  to  it  any  more  than 
Harrington  is  by  virtue  of  his  assignments  to  Gould. 

Art.  42  pf  the  bill  is  as  follows: 

"42.  That  the  said  George  Harrington  and  the 
said  Jay  Gould  have  always  recognized  and  admitted 
said  trust  and  the  afresaid  rights  of  the  said 
J.  C.  Reiff  and  his  said  associates,  who  furnised 
nearly  all  the  funds  required  for  the  taking  out  of 
the  said  patents  and  the  testing  of  the  said  inven¬ 
tions  as  aforesaid}  hut  the  defendants,  the  Atlantic 
and  Pacific  Telegraph  Conqpany,  have  falsely  assumed 
that  the  said  Gould  and  Harrington  conspired  together 
to  oheat  and  defraud  the  cestui  qui  trust  of  the  said 
Harrington  by  an  absolute  transfer  from  said  Harring¬ 
ton  to  said  Gould,  of  the  property  held  as  aforesaid, 
in  trust  by  the  said  Harrington;  and  that  such  trans¬ 
fer  was  to  be  made  without  the  payment  of  any  consid¬ 
eration,  for  the  benefit  of  the  said  Edison  and  others, 
the  cestui  qui  trust .  aforesaid.  And  the  Atlantic 
and  Pac ifio~Tel egraph  Company  have  falsely  as aimed 
that  although  they  had,  through  their  said  agent, 

Jay  Gould,  and  otherwise,  full  notice  of  the  said 
trust,  they  can  defeat  it  and  defraud  the  Baid  inven¬ 
tor  and  patentee  and  the  other  parties  interested  as 
aforesaid,  by  taking  an  assignment  from  said  Gould." 

▼hen  we  oome  to  the  answers  we  find  that  the  de- 

|  fendant  Gould  denies  that  he  uses  or  has  ever  used  the  in- 

|  ventions  or  that  he  was  guilty  of  any  fraud  in  connection 
'  therewith,  although  none  was  charged  against  him  in  the 
hill,  and  that  the  Telegraph  Company  raising  no  question  as 
|  to  the  validity  of  tha  patents  or  of  its  use  of  them  reso- 

!  lutely  stands  upon  its  right  to  what  it  asserts  it  pur- 

oka Bed  'bona  fide  and  for  value  from  the  defendant  Gould, who 
purchased  from  the  complainants* 

It  will  thus  he  seen  that  the  complainants  on  the 
faoe  of  their  own  assigneraents  have  neither  any  legal  nor 
any  equitable  title  to  the  patents  and  inventions  said  to 
be  infringed  by  the  Telegraph  Company  and  that  no  question 
of  patent  law  is  raised  nor  any  question  as  to  the  con¬ 
struction  of  the  documents  admitted  to  have  been  executed. 

The  claim  of  the  complainants  is  in  absolute  contradiction 
of  their  OY/m  assigneraents  and  depends  upon  their  proving  t 
that  the  Telegraph  Company  was  to  enjoy  what  it  reoeived  i 
from  them  through  Gould  onlu  upon  delivering  to  the  com¬ 
plainants  or  to  Gould  for  them  31,800  shares  of  its  cap¬ 
ital  stock.  Suit  may  be  brought  in  equity  upon  an  equi¬ 
table  title  to  a  patent,  but  these  assignements  must  be  set 
aside  before  the  oomplainants  are  shovrn  to  have  an  equitable 
title  or  to  have  any  standing  vrtiatever  to  treat  the  Tele¬ 
graph  Company  as  an  infringer. 

It  is  true  that  the  bill  prays  for  an  injunction 
and  accounting  and  damages  because  of  the  infringement  by 
the  Telegraph  Company  but  before  that  question  can  be 
reached  the  preliminary  and  essential  relief  prayed  for, viz, 
that  the  assigneraents  be  sot  aside  on  principles  of  equity 
must  be  granted. 

The  course  of  the  cause  haB  been  most  extraordi¬ 
nary.  The  bill  was  filed  in  May,  1876.  The  complainants 
began  to  take  proofs  in  October,  1879  and  stopped  in 
:  November,  1880.  In  December,  1892  the  defendant  Gould 
i  died  and  in  December,  1895  the  suit  was  revived  against  hi»S 
;  executors.  In  August,  1904  the  complainants  put  the  cause: 
;  on  the  oalendar  for  trial.  The  defendants  then  obtained 



leave  to  take  testimony  within  ninety  days  from  Bebruary  28, 

1  905  and  the  cause  v/as  heard  May  15,  1905,  twenty-nine 
years  after  the  hill  was  filed. 

The  defendants  first  raised  the  ohjoetion  to  the 
jurisdiction  4n  March,  1905  hy  asking  leave  to  file  a  plea 
to  the  effect  that  the  complainant  Harrington  was  a  resident 
and  citizen  of  the  District  of  Columbia,  which  was  denied, 
and  after  the  interlocutory  deoree  on  the  merits  in  Decem¬ 
ber,  1906  they  applied  for  leave  to  file  an  amended  and 
■  supplemental  answer  raising  the  same  question,  which  was 
also  denied.  Still,  the  jurisdiction  of  the  circuit  court 
of  the  United  States  is  statutory  and  limited  and  it  behooves 
a  plaintiff  who  proceeds  there  or  whose  cause  is  removed 
there  to  seethat  the  Jurisdiction  is  complete,  else  every¬ 
thing  thereafter  done  may  be  nugatory.  Sec.  5  of  the  Act 
of  March  3,  1875  makes  it  the  duty  of  the  court,  if  it 
appears  at  any  time  that  the  controversy  is  not  properly 
within  its  jurisdiction,  to  proceed  no  further  therein,  but 
to  dismiss  the  suit  or  remand  it  with  such  order  as  to  costs; 
as  shall  be  just,  Mr.  Justioe  Brown  said  on  this  point 
in  Expels lor  Co.  v.  Pacific  Bridge  Co, .  186  U.S.  282  at  p. 


How,  as  the  bill  in  this  case  differs  from  an 
ordinary  bill  for  infringement  only  in  the  fact  that 
the  suit  is  by  a  licensee  against  two  defendants,  on* 
of  -whom  is  the  licensor  and  owner  of  the  patent,  and 
the  license  is  set  forth  only  for  the  purpose  of  show-  [ 
lng  title,  there  would  be  no  difficulty  whatever  in 
sustaining  it,  were  it  not  for  the  question  whether  we 
are  not  also  bound  to  oonsider  the  averments  of  the 
answer,  Ve  think  this  difficulty  1b  practically  j 

settled  by  a  reference  to  section  5  of  the  Jurisdiction*! 
al  Statute  of  1875,  18  Stat.  470,  472..  which  provides  ' 
•that  if,  in  any  suit  commenced  in  a  Cirouit  Court,  j 
........  it  shall  appear  to  the  satisfaction  of  the  said: 

Cirouit  Court,  at  anytime  after  .such  suit  has-haan.  ! 
brought,  *  •  BCilt  aodfl  AOt  really  and  j 

substantially  invlove  a  dispute  or  controversy  proper- 
ly  within  tho  jurisdiction  of  said  Oirouit  Courtj#  .  I 

,  .  the  Bald  Circuit  Court  shall  prooeed  no 

further  therein,  hut  shall  dismiss  the  suit,  •  etc. 

While  it  seems  reasonable  to  say  that  a  jurisdiction 
orioe  acquired  by  the  filing  of  a  proper  hill  ought 
not  to  he  taken  away  by  any  subsequent  pleading,  the 
statutue  is  peremptory  in  thiB  particular,  and  requires 
the  court  to  dismiss  the  case  whenever  at  any  time  it 
shall  appear  that  its  jurisdiction  has  been  improperly 
Invoked.  We  are  by  no  means  without  authority  upon 
this  question.  In  Robinson  v.  Anderson.  121  U.S.  622,  ; 
it  was  held  that  when  it  appeared,  after  all  the  plead¬ 
ings  were  filed,  that  the  averments  in  the  declaration 
which  alone  gave  the  court  jurisdiction,  were  imma¬ 
terial  and  made  for  the  purpose  of  creating  a  case 
cognizable  by  the  court,  it  was  the  duty  of  the  Circuit 
Court  to  dismiss  the  bill  for  want  of  jurisdiction. 

Said  the  Chief  Justice;  ’Even  if  the  complaint,  stand¬ 
ing  by  itself,  made  out  a  case  of  jurisdiction,  which 
we  do  not  decide;  it  was  taken  away  as  soon  aB  the 
answers  were  in,  because  if  there  was  jurisdiction  at 
all  it  was  by  reason  of  the  averments  in  the  complaint 
as  to  what  the  defences  against  the  title  of  the  plain¬ 
tiffs  'would  be,  and  these  were  of  no  avail  as  soon  as 
the  answers  were  filed  and  it  was  made  to  appear  that 
no  such  defences  were  relied  on. 1  In  Williams  v. 
ffottawa.  104  U.S.  209,  this  court  went  so  far  as  to 
dismiss  a  case  in  which  judgement  had  been  rendered 
for  the  plaintiff  in  the  Circuit  Court,  beoause  it 
appeared  from  the  testimony  of  the  plaintiff  that  cer¬ 
tain  bondB  were  put  in  his  hands  for  collection  in 
which  he  hud  no  real  interest.  It  was  held  that  it 
was  the  duty  of  the  Circuit  Court  on  its  own  motion, 
as  soon  as  the  evidence  was  in  and  the  collusive  char¬ 
acter  of  the  case  shown,  to  stop  ail  further  proceed¬ 
ings  and  dismiss  the  suit,  the  Chief  Justice  further 
remarking  that  this  proviso  of  the  act  of  1875  was  a 
salutary  one,  and  that  it  was  the  duty  of  the  Circuit 
Courts  to  exercise  their  power  under  it  in  proper  oases. 

See  also  Wetmore  v 
129  U.  S.  310;  Cake 
U.  S.  243. " 

Rymer.  169  U.S.  115;  Morris  v.CUlmer. 
a  county  Commissioners  v.  Dudley.  173 

This  court  upon  appeal  remanded  a  case,  though 
the  objection  as  to  citizenship  had  not  been  taken  by  either 
party,  Newoomb  v.  Burbank,  181  3?.R.  334. 

The  Cirouit  Court  having  no  jurisdiction  of  the 
parties  because  of  oitizenship,  Hooe  v,  Jamison.  166  U.  S. 
395,  the  question  in  the  case  is  v/hether  the  cause  is  one 
arising  under  the  patent  laws  of  which  the  court  has  juris¬ 
diction  without  reference  to  oitizenship  of  the  parties  und*r 

629  subd.  9  and  1711  subd.  5  of  the  U.  S.  Rev.  Stat. 


We  find  it  very  difficult  to  say  that  the  bill  is  one  for  in¬ 
fringement  under  the  patent  laws  in  view  of  Wilson  v,  Sanford. 
10  How.  99  and  Hartell  r.  Til£hman,99  U.S.  647.  In  the 
former  case  the  oomplainants  prayed  that  a  license  be  set 
aside  and  that  the  defendant  be  enjoined  from  infringing  and 
in  the  latter  the  complainant  prayed  for  an  injunction  and 
account,  stating  that  he  had  cancelled  a  license  theretofore 
granted  to  the  defendant.  In  both  oases  the  court  held  that 
there  was  no  Jurisdiction  and  thiB  apparently  on  the  ground 
that  the  licenses  must  be  first  set  aside  on  equitable  prin¬ 
ciples,  which  beoause  the  amount  involved  in  the  first  case 
was  less  than  $2,000  and  of  the  lack  of  the  proper  diversity 
of  citizenship  in  the  second,  the  Circuit  Court  could  not  do. 

In  this  case  the  oomplainants  granted  not  merely 
a  license  under  patents,  but  the  patents  and  inventions 
themselves  and  ho  injunction  or  decree  for  an  accounting 
could  go  against  the  defendant  Telegraph  Company  until  the 
assignments  which  on  their  face  fully  authorize  it  to  use 
the  inventions  are  set  aside  on  equitable  principles.  These 
oases  also  show  that  the  mere  fact  that  the  bill  alleges 
infringement  and  asks  for  on  injunction  and  accounting  ir, 
not  enough  to  esta|p.iBh  the  jurisdiction  of  the  Circuit 

The  Judge  of  the  Cirouit  Court,  in  ooming  to  an 
opposite  conclusion  (143  B’.R,  329,336)  said: 

"Having  stated  the  essential  faotB  and  my  conclu¬ 
sions  thereon,  I  come  again  to  the  principal  objection 
insisted  on  by  counsel  for  the  defendants.  As  already 
stated,  the  question  of  jurisdiction  dependB  upon  j 

whether  thiB  suit  arises  under  the  patent  laws  or  whether 
the  issueB  merely  involve  the  violation  of  contractual  ! 
obligations.  In  the  view  I  take  of  this  controversy,  j 
the  adjudications  cited  by  defendants  to  sustain  this 
point  are  of  doubtful  application.  The  cases  to  which 
attention  1b  directed  were  chiefly  concerned  with  eon-  j 
tract  rights.  See  Wilson  v.  Sandford,  10  How,  99;  < 

Kartell  v.  Tilghman,  99  U.S.  547;  Albright  v.  Teas,  106 
U.  8.  613.  And  in  White  v.  Rankin,  144  U.S.  629,  the  , 
distinction  between  such  cases  and  these  wherein  the  in¬ 
fringement  is  of  the  essence  of  the  hill  is  clearly 
pointed  out.  That  the  defendant  corporation  operated 
the  automatic  system  and  the  properties  in  question  un¬ 
der  a  euhsistlng  contract  is  not  claimed  by  complainants 
The  gravamen  of  the  bill  is  based,  apparently,  upon  the 
wrongful  and  fraudulent  appropriation  by  the  defendants 
of  their  patents.  True,  the  prayer  for  relief,  among  - 
other  things,  embodies  a  request  that  the  defendants  be 
decreed  to  reconvey  to  complainants  their  title;  but 
this  request  for  relief  is  collateral  to  the  primary 
relief  demanded.  Atherton  Machine  Co.  v.  Atwood-Horri- 
00 n  Co.,  supra;  Littlefield  v.  Perry,  supra;  Excelsior 
Wooden  Pipe  Co.  v.  Pacific  Bridge  Co.,  supra.  If  in 
this  case  the  bill  stated  a  subsisting  contract,  -which 
in  equity  could  be  set  aside  because  of  fraud  or  other 
ouff loient  onuses,  a  different  question  would  be  pre¬ 

We  do  not  think  the  authorities  sustain  the  con¬ 
clusion.  In  Littlefield  v.  Perry.  21  Wall.  205,  the  com¬ 
plainant  was  assignee  of  an  exclusive  right  under  the  patent 
for  New  York  and  Connecticut,  which  the  defendant,  the  pa¬ 
tentee  and  assignor,  was  infringing.  The  rights  of  the  par¬ 
ties  were  regulated  by  -written  agreements  about  which  there 
was  no  dispute.  The  question  was  whether  under  them  the 
complainant  had  a  right  to  sue  and  this  question  the  Supreme 
Court  held  could  be  determined  as  incidental  to  the  title  j 
in  a  patent  cause.  There  was  no  need  to  set  aside  any  in¬ 

In  Exoelsior  Co .  v.  Br ldge  Co .  185  U.  S.  282,  the 
complainant,  which  had  an  exclusive  license  under  the  patent 
|  for  the  Paoifio  states,  brought  suit  for  infringement  against 
;  the  patentee  and  one  to  whom  he  subsequently  granted  a  licen® 
j  for  the  same  territory.  The  only  defense  was  that  the  oom-j 
|  plainant  had  forfeited  its  license.  The  question  being 
S  only  as  to  the  existence  of  the  license,  the  court  held 
[  it  to  be  within  the  jurisdiction  of  the  Ciroult  Court  in  a 
:j  patent  cause  as  part  of  the  complainant's  title,  distlng- 
j  uisliing'between  a  suit ’by  a "patentee  and  ‘One  'by  "a 

on  the  ground  that  the  latter  would  have  no  adequate  remedy 
by  suit  in  the  state  oourts. 

In  Atherton  Machine  Co .  7.  Atvrood-Morriaon  Co .  , 

103  ff.R.  949,  the  complainant,  as  assignee  of  Letters  Patent, 
sued  the  defendant  for  infringement,  who  claimed  under  a 
later  assignment.  Held  that  the  assignor  not  being  a  party, 
the  suit  was  not  upon  contract  hut  involved  merely  the  plain¬ 
tiff's  title.  In  this  oase  the  question  was  one  of  con¬ 
struction  of  undisputed  documents,  under  the  patent  law. 

It  seems  to  he  conceded  hy  the  complainants  that 
if  the  title  to  the  patents  depended  upon  a  contract  or 
contracts  between  them  and  the  defendants,  the  Circuit  Court 
would  not  have  jurisdiction.  But  we  think  that  exactly  the 
Bame  reasons  apply  when  the  title  depends  upon  grants  alleGed 
to  he  fraudulently  obtained  or  retained. 

We  feel  compelled  to  the  conclusion  that  the 
Circuit  Court  had  no  jurisdiction  of  this  cause  and  the 
decree  must  he  reversed,  hut  in  view  of  the  circumstances  of 
the  case  the  court  below  is  directed  to  dismiss  the  hill 
without  oosts  of  either  court. 


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Cl,&-  »-w»CT 





Thomas  A. Edison, Esq. , 

'Vest  Orange,  Itow  Jorsey. 

Bear  ?>ir:- 

Xt  is  my  privilege  to  hand  yon  herewith, 
on  behalf  of  the  Board  of  Diroctors  of  this  Company, 
an  oxiression  of  rogrot  and  sympathy  as  to  the  death 
of  colonel  Josiah  C.Eciff. 

Very  respectfully  yonra* 


At  ft  Meeting  of  tho  Board  of  Directors 
of  Tho  British  Columbia  Copper  Company, Limited , 
Mold  Vat 0}i  14th,  1011 

The  folio, ,ing  expression  as  to  tho  death 
of  Colonel.  Josinh  C.Reiff 
was  unanimously  adopted. 

The  Board  of  Directors  of  The  British  Columbia 
Copjer  Company .Limited , desire  to  place  on  record 
an  expression  of  their  deep  regret  at  the  death 
of  Colonel  Josiah  C.Reiff. 

Colonel  Eeiff  was  olectod  to  this  Board  during 
Tobruary  1904,  and  from  that  time  until  his "death 
served  ml  fulfilled  most  conscientiously  the  duties 
imposed  upon  him  us  director.  He  never  lost  an 
opportunity  to  aot  and  express  himself  most  fear¬ 
lessly  in  behalf  of  the  interests  of  the  Company, 
and  thoso  he  so  ..ell  represented  on  its  Board,  and 
his  devotion  to  find  comprehension  of  tho  Company's 
affairs, together  with  his  genial  personality,  ren¬ 
ders  his  loss  all  the  greater  and  makes  it  the  more 
difficult  to  fill  tho  place  he  occupied  in  our 



Tho  renders  o±’  this  Hoard  «1*4>  to  o '^rass  their 
warwest  jgrfatfjy  for  the  moral} ers  of  Colonel  p.oiff 'n 
family  :.ns?  nearest  friends,  beHoving  that  they  too 
have  sustained  an  irreparable  loss,  and  direct  that 
copies  of  this  Minute  ho  handed  Colonel  Roiff's  no::t 
of  hin,  Mrs. J. Hood  "/right, at  .hose  residence  he  died 
a.'  d  other  of  his  close  friends,  and  also  that  this 
expression  of  sympathy  and  rep-rot  he  spread  upon  the 
Records  of  tho  Company. 


Pret'icUrnt . 


&  T  t  o 


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F.  J.  STONE, 

©*<***<?*,  Jc /,  *Jf*^  J|f 

(Z-  fZchiAT^S 



April  29, 


Mr.  Frederick  J.  Stone, 

53  Broadway, 

How  York. 

Dear  Mr*  Stone: 

Yours  of  the  28th  inct.  has  Been  received, 
confirming  your  telephone  suggestion  that  payment  on  Mr* 
Edison's  chock  for  $482. 20  of  February  20,  1911,  should 
ho  stopped,  and  I  immediately  advisod  Mr*  Miller  to  this 
offeot.  I  thank  you  for  this  suggestion. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Gonoral  Counsel- 

It  -iO  ,911 

1Ilntte6  States  Circuit  Court  of  appeals 


(In  Equity.) 

Geobqe  Harrington  and  Thomas 
A.  Edison,  and  Daniel  T. 

Reiff  luid  Philip  S.  H  ill  as 
Administrators  of  the  Goods 
and  Chattels  of  Josiaii  C. 

Reiff,  deceased, 

Complainants  and  Appellants, 

against  Assignment 

..  _  _  [  of  Errors. 

The  Atlantic  &  Pacific  Tele¬ 
graph  Company  and  George  J. 

Gould,  Edwin  Gould,  Helen 
M.  Gould  and  Howard  Gould, 
as  Executors  and  Trustees 
under  tlie  Last  Will  and  Tes- 
ment  of  Jay  Gould,  deceased, 

Defendants  and  Respondents. 

And  now  on  the  third  day  of  July,  1.911,  come 
the  plaintiffs,  complainants  and  appellants  in  the 
above  entitled  action,  by  Frederick  J.  Stone,  their 
solicitor,  and  respectfully  show  and  allege  that  the 
order  and  decree  of  the  United  States  Circuit  Court 
of  Appeals, — made  and  entered  in  the  above  en¬ 
titled  cause  February  24,  1911,  reversing  the  final 

decree  of  tile  Circuit  Court  iu  this  cause  rendered 
ou  March  T,  1910,  upon  the  ground  “that  the  Cir¬ 
cuit  Court  did  not  have  jurisdiction  of  this  cause" 
and  directing  the  lower  Court  to  dismiss  the  hill, 
without  costs  ot  either  Court  "(or  lack  of  jurisdic¬ 
tion,” — was  and  is  erroneous  and  against  the  just 
rights  of  the  compluinants,  and  they  herewith  file 
the  following  “Assignment  of  Errors,”  upon  which 
they  will  rely  upon  the  prosecution  of  their  appeal 
from  the  order  and  decree  of  this  Honorable  Court, 
— (dated  the  24th  day  of  February,  1911,  and  filed 
in  the  office  of  the  Clerk  of  this  Court  on  the  24th 
day  of  February,  1911, — )  reversing  the  final  decree 
of  the  Circuit  Court  upon  the  ground  “that  the  Cir¬ 
cuit  Court  had  no  jurisdiction  of  this  cause  and 
directing  the  lower  Court  to  dismiss  the  bill  herein 
without  costs  of  either  Court  “for  lack  of  jurisdic¬ 
tion,” — and  their  appeal  from  the  mandate  issued 
thereunder  to  the  lower  Court  and  from  the  order 
and  decree  of  the  lower  Court,  entered  thereon  or 
thereunder,  dismissing  the  hill  of  complaint  for 
lack  of  jurisdiction  and  from  any  and  all  proceed¬ 
ings,  taken  or  to  he  taken,  thereon  or  thereunder; 
and  the  compluinants  and  appellants  assign  the  fol¬ 
lowing  errors  and  respectfully  show  and  allege: — 

I.  That  this  Honorable  Court  erred  in  ordering, 
adjudging  and  decreeing  “that  the  Circuit  Court 
had  no  jurisdiction  of  this  cause,”  and  likewise 
erred  in  ordering  and  directing  the  lower  Court 
to  dismiss  the  bill  “for  lack  of  jurisdiction,”  where¬ 
as  this  Honorable  Court  should  have  affirmed  the 
interlocutory  decree  herein,  made  by  Mr.  Justice 
Hazel  and  filed  and  entered  in  the  office  of  the 
Clerk  of  the  U.  S.  Circuit  Court  December  20, 
1906,  adjudicating  the  defendants  guilty  of  in¬ 
fringement  and  ordering  an  accounting  herein. 


II.  That  this  Honorable  Court  erred  in  failing 
and  refusing  to  find  and  decree  that  the  United 
States  Circuit  Court  had  original  jurisdiction  over 
this  cause,  whereas  this  Honorable  Court  should 
have  held  that  this  cause  was  one  of  which  the 
said  United  States  Circuit  Court  had  original  juris¬ 
diction  under  the  Constitution  and  laws  of  the 
United  States. 

III.  That  this  Honorable  Court  erred  in  failing 
and  refusing  to  find  and  decree  that  the  defendants 
were  guilty  of  infringing  patents  belonging  to  the 
complainants  respecting  automatic  telegraphy, 
whereas  sncli  infringement  was  duly  proven  by 
uncontradicted  evidence;  and  this  Court  erred  like¬ 
wise  in  failing  and  refusing  to  bold  that  complain¬ 
ants,  as  the  equitable  owners  of  the  patents,  could 
bring  suit  for  infringement  and  the  Circuit  Court 
could  acquire  jurisdiction  (of  such  suit) ;  and  this 
Court  likewise  erred  in  failing  and  refusing  to  hold 
that  Gould  took  title  to  Complainants’  Patents 
as  a  trustee  only  and  that  bis  assignment  to  the 
defendant  corporation  was  in  violation  of  the 
trust  imposed  upon  him  by  complainants,  of 
which  trust  the  defendant  corporation  bad  full 
knowledge,  and  was  therefore  inoperative  and  in¬ 
effective  to  convey  the  title  or  prevent  complain¬ 
ants,  as  the  eqnitable  owners  of  the  Patents  in  suit, 
and  as  the  legal  and  equitable  owners  of  Case  “II”, 
Letters  Patent  162633  from  maintaining  a  suit  for 
the  infringement  thereof,  arising  under  the  Patent 
Laws,  whereas  the  Circuit  Court  was  given  and  ac¬ 
quired  original  jurisdiction  of  this  cause  under  the 
Constitution  and  Laws  of  the  United  States,  as 
more  fully  appears  in  the  opinion  of  Mr.  Justice 
Hazel,  and  the  interlocutory  decree  adjudicating 
infringement  herein,  reported  in  143  Federal  Be- 
ports,  page  ,  reference  to  which  is  hereby  made 
and  which  is  made  a  part  hereof. 

IV.  That  this  Honorable  Court  erred  in  failing 
and  refusing  to  affirm  the  interlocutory  decree 
herein,  mude  by  Mr.  Justice  Hazel, — adjudicating 
the  defendants  guilty  of  infringement  and  order¬ 
ing  an  accounting, — whereas  this  Honorable  Court 
should  have  affirmed  the  said  interlocutory  decree 
herein  and  appointed  a  new  trustee  to  take  and 
state  the  account  of  the  gains,  benefits,  profits,  sav¬ 
ings  and  advantages  derived  by  the  defendants  by 
their  said  infringement  of  complainant's  patent 
rights  and  inventions,  as  well  as  the  loss  and  dam¬ 
ages  sustained  by  the  complainants  by  reason  of 
bucIi  infringement. 

V.  That  this  Honorable  Court  erred  in  failing 
and  refusing  to  find  that  Harrington  and  his  as¬ 
sociates  were  the  owners  of  the  Edison  inventions 
in  duplex  and  quadruplex  telegraphy  and  of  the 
patents  and  patent  rights  relating  thereto,  and  in 
ignoring  and  refusing  to  accept  the  admissions  con¬ 
tained  in  the  pleadings  on  this  subject. 

VI.  That  this  Honorable  Court  erred  in  failing 
and  refusing  to  find  and  decree  that  the  defendants 
were  guilty  of  infringing  complainants'  patent 
rights  and  inventions  relating  to  Duplex  and  Quad- 
ruplex  telegraphy,  whereas  such  infringement  was 
duly  proven  by  uncontradicted  evidence. 

VII.  That  this  Honorable  Court  erred  in  failing 
and  refusing  to  find  that  the  use  of  the  Edison 
Quadruplex  Inventions  by  the  Western  Union  Tel¬ 
egraph  Company  (the  successor  company  to  these 
defendants),  was  a  direct  infringement  of  the  in¬ 
vention  first  known  as  “Case  H,”  which  eventuated 
in  a  patent  issued  to  Harrington  and  Edison,  April 
27th,  1875,  as  U.  S.  Letters  Patent  No.  102,033,  and 
in  failing  and  refusing  to  hold  that  said  Patent  No. 
162,033  was  the  basic  patent  of  the  quadruplex  and 

in  ignoring  and  refusing  to  accept  tlie  direct  admis¬ 
sions  contained  in  the  pleadiugs  on  this  subject. 

VIII  Tlmt  tliis  Honorable  Court  erred  in  fail¬ 
ing  and  refusing  to  And  that  the  complainants  were 
entitled  to  recover  as  damages  the  value  of  the 
use  of  their  patents  and  patent  rights  as  measured 
by  the  value  thereof  placed  thereon  by  the  parties 
themselves  by  the  memorandum  of  December  30th, 

1874  and  the  letter  of  instruction  of  April  lbth, 

1875  attached  to  the  bill  of  complaint  herein  and 
in  disregarding  the  evidence  in  that  respect. 

IX  That  this  Honorable  Court  erred  in  failing 
and  refusing  to  find  that  complainants  were  enti¬ 
tled  to  recover  as  damages  the  value  of  the  -7,1)4 . 
shares  of  the  Atlantic  &  Pacific  Telegraph  Com¬ 
pany  stock  at  the  price  or  sum  of  sixty  dollars  per 
share,  with  interest  thereon  from  August  _0,  187i, 
c  rd  tl  tl  e  t  1  t  d  e  1 


X  That  this  Honorable  Court  erred  in  failing 
and  refusing  to  find  that  the  complainants  were 
entitled  to  recover  the  sum  of  ?1, <122,700,  with  in¬ 
terest  from  August  20,  1877,  as  just,  true,  lawful 
and  proper  damages  sustained  by  the  complainants 
by  the  unlawful  infringement  of  the  defendants. 

XI  That  this  Honorable  Court  erred  in  failing 
or  refusing  to  find  that  the  misappropriation  by 
the  defendants  of  the  patent  rights  and  interests 
mentioned  and  set  forth  and  charged  in  the  bill 
was  in  wilful  violation  of  complainants  patent 
rights,  and  constituted  an  infringement  of  complain¬ 
ants’  patent  rights  and  interests  and  that  the  vah.e 
placed  upon  the  said  patent  rights  and  interests 
by  the  parties  themselves  was  proper  and  legal  evi¬ 
dence  of  such  damages  and,  in  the  absence  of  con¬ 
troverting  testimony,  conclusive  evidence  of  such 


XII.  Tliut  this  Honorable  Court  erred  in  failing 
aud  refusing  to  find  that  the  wrongful  appropria¬ 
tion  and  conversion  l>y  these  defendants  of  com¬ 
plainants’  patent  rights  and  interests  constituted 
an  infringement  thereof  for  which  a  recovery  could 
be  had  in  this  action;  and  this  Court  likewise  erred 
in  disregarding  and  refusing  to  follow  the  opinion 
of  Mr.  Justice  Hazel,  filed  herein  on  January  25th, 
1901!-  in  which,  among  other  things,  it  was  held 
that  “the  facts  amply  show  that  not  only  a  trust 
“relationship  between  Gould  and  the  equitable 
“owners  of  the  patents,  hut  also  that  the  former 
“participated  and  profited  in  the  infringing  acts. 
“In  short,  he  instigated  the  tort  or  trespass  and 
“effectuated  a  wrongful  appropriation  of  complain¬ 
ants’  patents.  He  invaded  rights  which  the  laws 
“were  designed  to  protect.  He  controlled  the 
“transactions  of  the  company  and  was  a  principal 
“in  the  wrongdoing,  and  hence,  his  representatives 
“cannot  now  he  heard  to  disclaim  responsibility 
“from  the  consequences  of  the  acts  which  are  the 
“subject  of  tlie  complaint.” 

XIII.  That  this  Honorable  Court  erred  in  failing 
and  refusing  to  find  that  there  was  uncontradicted 
proof  adduced  before  the  Master  of  infringement 
by  the  defendants  of  complainants’  patent  rights 
and  inventions,  which  the  Court  was  bound  to  ac¬ 
cept  and  adopt  as  true. 

XIV.  That  this  Honorable  Court  erred  in  refus¬ 
ing  to  accept  the  admissions  of  ownership  of  the 
Duplex  and  Quadruplex  Patents,  stated  in  the  Bill 
of  Complaint  and  admitted  in  defendants’  answers, 
and  also  erred  in  refusing  to  order  the  cause  to  he 
re  submitted  to  the  Master  with  instructions  to  find 
and  report  substantial  damages  for  the  infringe¬ 
ment  of  complainants’  automatic  patents  and  with 
instructions  to  admit  proof  of  profits  and  damages 

relating  to  the  infringement  and  use  of  complain¬ 
ants’  patent  rights  and  inventions  relating  to  du¬ 
plex  and  quadruplex  telegraphy. 

Wherefore,  your  complainants  pray  that  for  the 
errors  and  omissions  aforesaid  the  decree  and 
judgment  appealed  from  may  he  reversed  and  the 
interlocutory  decree,  adjudicating  infringement 
and  ordering  an  accounting  herein,  may  he  af¬ 
firmed,  and  that  the  Court  helow  be  directed  to 
refer  it  to  a  new  Master  to  he  appointed  by  the 
Court  below,  to  take  proper  evidence  under  the 
rulings  and  directions  of  this  Court  as  to  the  dam¬ 
ages  sustained  by  your  complainants  and  wrong¬ 
fully  suffered  in  the  premises,  and  that  your  com¬ 
plainants  may  have  such  other  and  further  relief 
in  the  premises  as  to  the  Court  shall  or  may  seem 
just  and  equitable,  together  with  the  costs  of  this 

Dated  N.  Y.,  July  3,  1911. 

Frederick  J.  Stone, 

Solicitor  for  Complainants  and  Appellants, 

33  Broadway, 
New  York  City,  N.  Y. 

Alton  B.  Parker, 

Of  Counsel. 



Second  Circuit. 

(In  Equity.) 

George  Harrington  nml  Thomas 
A.  Edison,  and  Daniei,  T. 
Reikf  and  Piiiui’  S.  Him.  as 
Administrators  of  the  Goods 
and  Chattels  of  Josiah  C. 
Reiff,  deceased, 

Complainants  and  Appellnnts, 


The  Atlantic  &  Pacific  Tele¬ 
graph  Company  and  George  J. 
Gould,  Edwin  Gould,  Helen 
M.  Gould  and  Howard  Gould, 
as  Executors  and  Trustees 
under  the  Last  Will  and  Tes- 
ment  of  Jay  Gould,  deceased, 
Defendants  and  Respondents. 

To  the  Honorable  E.  Henry  Lacombe,  Henry  G. 
Ward,  Alfred  C.  Coxe  and  Walter  C.  Noyes, 
Justices  of  the  United  States  Circuit  Court,  sit¬ 
ting  as  Justices  of  the  United  States  Circuit 
Court  of  Appeals,  in  and  for  the  Second  Circuit : 
The  complainants  in  the  above-entitled  action, 
conceiving  themselves  aggrieved  by  the  manifold 
errors  in  the  record  and  proceedings  herein  and  by 
the  decree  of  this  Honorable  Court,  bearing  date 
February  24,  1911,  and  made  and  entered,  in  the 
office  of  the  Clerk  of  the  United  States  Circuit 
Conrt  of  Appeals  in  and  for  the  Second  Circuit, 
op  the  said  24th  day  of  February,  1911,  reversing 

of  Appeal. 

Circuit  Court  of  Appeals  in  and  for  the  Second 
Circuit,  and  from  the  mandate  and  order  issued 
thereunder  to  the  lower  court  and  from  the  order 

complaint  for  lack  of  jurisdiction,  for  the  reasons 
specified  in  the  complainants’  assignment  of  error, 
which  is  filed  herewith. 

And  your  petitioners  respectfully  pray  that  this 
appeal  may  be  allowed  and  a  citation  granted  di¬ 
rected  to  the  above  named  defendants,  The  Atlan¬ 

tic  &  Pacific  Telegraph  Company,  and  George  a. 
Gould,  Edwin  Gould,  Helen  M.  Gould  and  Howard 
Gould,  as  executors  and  trustees  under  the  last 
Will  and  Testament  of  Jay  Gould,  deceased,  com¬ 
manding  them  to  appear  before  the  Supreme  Court 
of  the  United  States  to  do  and  receive  what  may 
appertain  to  justice  to  be  done  in  the  premises,  and 
that  a  transcript  of  the  record,  proceedings, 
papers,  and  evidence  in  the  said  cause,  wherein  the 
said  decrees  and  orders  appealed  from  were  made, 
may  be  duly  authenticated  nnd  sent  to  the  said 
Supreme  Court  of  the  United  States. 

Frbdebiok  J.  Stone, 

Solicitor  for  Complainants  and  Appellants, 

33  Broadway, 
New  York  City,  N.  Y. 

Tlie  foregoing  appeal, — from  the  order  and  de¬ 
cree  of  thiB  Court  reversing  the  final  decree  of  the 
Circuit  Court  upon  the  ground  that  the  Circuit 
Court  had  no  jurisdiction  of  this  cause  and  direct¬ 
ing  the  lower  Court  to  dismiss  the  llill,  without 
costs  of  either  Court  for  lack  of  jurisdiction  and 
from  the  mandate  and  order  of  tins  Court  issued 
thereunder  directing  the  said  Circuit  Court  to  dis¬ 
miss  the  bill  of  complaint,  without  costs  of  either 
Court,  for  lack  of  d  t  —  1  el  y  11  1 

and  it  is  hereby  certified  that  a  question  of  juris¬ 
diction  under  the  constitution  and  laws  of  the 
United  States  is  involved  in  this  appeal,  and  the 
bond  or  undertaking  upon  the  said  appeal  is  fixed 
at  Five  hundred  dollars. 

ated  New  York,  July/ -7,  1911. 

JuSuEe  of  the  U.  S.  Circuit  Court  in 
^iind  for  the  Southern  District  of 

New  York,  sitting  as  one  of  the 
Justices  of  the  U.  S.  Circuit 
Court  of  Appeals  in  and  for  the 
Second  Circuit. 

By  the  Honorable  Henry  G.  Ward,  one  of  the 
Judges  of  the  Circuit  Court  of  the  United 
States  for  the  Southern  District  of  New  York, 
in  the  Second  Circuit,  to  The  Atlantic  &  Pacific 
Telegraph  Company  and  George  J.  Gould,  Ed¬ 
win  Gould,  Helen  M.  Gould  and  Howard 
Gould,  as  Executors  and  Trustees  under  the 
Last  Will  and  Testament  of  Jay  Gould,  de¬ 
ceased,  Greeting: 

You  are  hereby  cited  and  admonished  to  be  and 
appear  before  the  Supreme  Court  of  the  United 

-  11 

States,  to  be  lioldcn  in  the  City  of  Washington,  in 
the  District  of  Columbia,  on  the  /  day  of 

jt-sY,  1911,  pursuant  to  a  petition  of  appeal 
amj'  assignment  of  errors  and  order  allowing  the 
said  appeal,  filed  in  the  ollice  of  the  Clerk  of  the 
Circuit  Court  of  Appeals,  in  and  for  the  Second 
Circuit,  wherein  George  Harrington,  Thomas  A. 
Edison,  and  David  T.  ReilY  and  Philip  S.  Hill,  as 
Administrators  of  the  Goods  and  Chattels  of  Josiali 
C.  Beiff,  deceased,  are  the  complainants  and  appel¬ 
lants  and  you  are  the  defendants  and  respondents, 
to  show  cause,  if  any  there  be,  why  the  errors  as¬ 
signed  in  Baid  petition  of  appeal  and  assignment  of 
errors  filed  therewith  should  not  be  corrected  and 
why  the  decrees  and  orders  appealed  from  in  the 
said  petition  of  appeal  mentioned  should  not  be  cor¬ 
rected  and  why  speedy  justice  should  not  be  done 
in  that  behalf. 

Given  under  my  hand  at  the  Borough  of  Man¬ 
hattan,  in  the  City  of  New  York,  in  the  District 
and  Circuit  above  named  this  /T^Zday  of  July, 
in  the  year  of  our  Lord  one  tlumsand  nine  hun¬ 
dred  and  eleven,  nnd  of  the  Independence  of  the 
United  States  the  one  hundred  and  thirty-five. 

Judge  of  the  Circuit  Court  of  the 
United  States  for  the  Southern 
District  of  New  York,  in  the  Sec¬ 
ond  Circuit. 

F.  J.  STONE, 

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Edison  General  File  Series 
1911.  Legal  -  Litigation  -  Thomas  A.  Edison  v. 

Allis-Chalmers  Co.  etal.  (E-11-59) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining 
to  a  patent  infringement  suit,  which,  when  settled  on  November  29,  1911, 
sustained  Edison's  key  crushing-roll  patents.  Most  of  the  documents  are  by 
Edison's  counsel  Louis  Hicks,  and  some  contain  marginalia  by  Edison.  Also 
included  is  a  letter  by  Walter  S.  Mallory  of  the  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 
concerning  the  introduction  of  new  pulleys  at  the  cement  works  in 
Stewartsville,  New  Jersey,  in  1907. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected  except  for  duplicates. 

Other  documents  relating  to  this  case  can  be  found  in  Harry  F.  Miller 
File,  Group  2:  Allis-Chalmers  Case  Settlement  (Legal  Series)  and  in  Edison 
v.  Allis-Chalmers  Co.  et  al.  ( Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers  Digital  Edition, 

\  !  o ft  flluLliy  ■  it  c ULCw  C  Cx<*e**m  ((_anul-^  -C,  I"-/'  *?*4A*  ^ 

I  (IT  LAW  AND  Proctor  or.  ADMIRALTY, 

. Maroli  2nd,  J^ll. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Edison  Laboratory, 
Orange,  N.  C 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison:  Edison  ■ 

-v-  All i s - Chalme v,s^C 0 .  et  al. 
- - 

I  enclose  a  copy  of  a  reply  wnpSx>t  a  letter  sent  to¬ 
day  to  Judge  Hazel  in  the  above  suit.  Defendants'  counsel 
made  numerous  typev/ritten  annotations  to  the  complainant's 
brief,  and  having  pasted  them  on  the  margin  of  a  copy  of  the 
brief,  presented  them  to  Judge  Hazel.  The  enclosed  is  my  re¬ 
ply  to  their  "annotations". 

Ho  opinion  has  been  rendered  yet,  and  it  is  not  poe- 
cible  to  tell  just  v/hen  the  case  will  be  decided.  While  my 
reply  was,  perhaps,  not  necessary,  I  thought  it  better  to  send 

it  in  lest  the  judge  be  misled. 

With  regards,  I  am, 

-  Yours  very  truly, 


Hon.  John  ft., 

*J,  8*  .TuifC, 

P.  0.  Rullr'inrf,  Buffalo,  3i.  Y, 

Ocnr  Rirj 

y.aiaon  v.  Allia-Ohnliu'-'rn  Co>  ct 
Ocfondnnta*  own  "el  havlnR  presented  to  your  Honor 
on  "nnnotnted"  c  spy  W  couol-.innnt's*  brief,  the  rellowinR 
reply  In  respectfully  pro -'cn  ted  an  bohotf  of  sora.!!  4n>»U, 
T>.o  j.nlntc  only  will  1*  om.^dcrod,  or.  follo-.vs: 

1 .  7'r.r.  M&w.  of  the  Baleen  inventions  sf  the 

claim  a  of  the  <.-•  t»ntn  In  £uH  and  dcforvjjmt  a 1  Infrlngon^n 

1 1 .  The  foot 

to  fond  a: 

?  pop  It- 

fllio;  a  cf  the-  patents  In  n-fclnr  the  pull*; 
roll-  g;uJto 

••  r.o  wall  .-■£  In  <U  r  i»rtle-.l£.rs^ 

t.’ic  fool 

i1.  brt  oh  roc?:  fry 

rjr.  In  the  prior  -.rt 
r:.-’.l  sen's  kinetic  ncthod 

1  curr.vinr  ; 


-.r.porr.tuo  oap-hle  of  brcoklnr  up  r.nrt  ormjhinr  rock— looap * 
hl-ntcd  rut  >z  the  rjuur ry  in  quantity,  without  the  . 

tedicuc  c-nd  expensive  reduction  of  the  rock  to  mull  ftiooes^ 
hy  rc-hlnutiny  and  brind-elcdpinr,  nccesonry  to-  fend;  the  reejr 
t.-'  the  ,J.T,;-cru  .ihoro  and  pyrr-.tery  cm  chon  -vkiflh  v.-cr*  the 
only  primary  r-.-e'--bri;-  in-  nr  ".tur  c  -ployed  <n  j --  -r..or 

»rt.  Accord  inf  to  the  dvid<|ioc.  o.h:u<K.r  .  nt*» 

trfafA.  cnffinecro  bhoraotcrige^r.  if." 

"bobby" end  bio  “folly"  and  pointed  out  to  him  that  "no  —  ■= 
nsnohinc  oculft  bn  coniitrnotefl  powerful  onrush  to  orueh  oue- 
oosofnlly  five,  oix  mid  coven  ton  rooks”  or  t0„  ».itfc*t  nd 
the  terrifio  j»r  Which  would  re  milt"  ..cOlurc  a 

coqplfo  brief,  p.  230).  »r,  Sdiocn  »  attooptinr  to  de¬ 

vice  a  method  end  a  machine  th-t  wiuld  d«  work  never  done 


1  previously  by  any  machine  and  thus  solve  the  problem  whioh 
he  set  for  himself  of  brooking  and  crushing,  without  reblaet- 
ing  and  hand- sledging,  rook-massoo  just  as  they  v/ere  blast--. 

I  ed  out  at  the  quarry,  in  iinmenso  volume  from  the  natural 
jj  rook  formation  (oomplt's  brief,  pp.  185-187).  The  state  of 
Ji  the  nrt  was  such  that  it  offered  no  suggestion  for  the  sol- 
|  ution  of  this  problem,  whioh  has  been  solved  only  by  Mr. 

||  Edison's  kinetic  method  and  apparatus.  A^ter  years  Of  ex- 
jj  perimontal  work  and  failure  and  by  the.  expenditure  of  1m- 
!j  mense  suns  of  money,  supplied  by  himself  alone  to  the  extent 
jj  of  over  §2,000,000  and  almost  without  assistance  from  otheri 
j  (oomplt's  brief,  p.  234),  he  suooeeded. 

!  Kr.  Edison  suooeeded  by  evolving  the  kinetic  method 

and  the  kinetic  apparatus.  Both  were  fundamentally  new, 

|  accomplishing  a  result  previoualy  thought  to  be  impossible 
1  and  never  yet  accomplsshed  by  any  othermethod  or  machine 
(oomplt's  brief,  p.  184).  The  inventions  of  the  patents 
in  suit  are,  therefore,  of  great  merit  and  the  questions  in- 
i  volved  in  this  suit  are  not  to  be  decided  upon  the  technical 
quibbles  interposed  by  defendants  to  ward  off  the  conoe- 
|  quenooo  of  their  deliberate  pirating  of  the  principles  and 
jj  details  of  the  inventions. 

The  question,  therefore,  is  -  Of  what  do  the  potent- 
jj  ed  Inventions  consist?  What  ore  the  kinetic  method  and  ap- 
jj  paratua  described  and  Claimed?  The  essence  is  the  develop- 
ji  ing  and  storing  of  an  enormous  amount  of  klnetio  energy  in 
massive  rolls  traveling  at  a  high  rate  of  speed  and  periodic¬ 
ally  expending  enormous  portions  of  the  stored  kinetio  enerfy 
jj  upon  the  rock  masses  in  order  to  break  them  up  and  then 
jj  cru  eh  them. 

The  rolls  weigh  from  25  to  45  tons  each,  more  or  lei  s, 
and  travel  at  a  surface  speed  of  from  3400  to  4000  feet  per 


minute  (oomplt's  brief, pp. 67-69),  so  that  the  kinetio  energy 
developed  and  stored  in  the  rolls  is  so  enormous  that,  in  rolls 
such  as  the  New  Village  and  Pekin  rolls,  it  amounts  to 
2.320,000  foot-pounds  (oomplt's  brief,  pp.  80-81).  In,  the 
periodio  breaking  of  successive  ohurgos  of  rook,  fed  to  the 
rolls  at  intervals, as  much  as  1.390,000  foot  pounds  of  ener©; 
will,  in  many  instances,  necessarily  he  expended  in  the  break¬ 
ing  of  a  single  charge  of  rock,  leaving  in  the  rolls  only  , 
930,000  foot-pounds  or  only  2/5  of  their  original,  store  of 
kinetic  energy  or  far,  less  than  that  expended  in  breaking 
the  single  charge  of  rock( oomplt's  brief,  p.  207).  The  Cor¬ 
nish  and  other  rolls  of  the  prior  art,  relied  upon  by  defend¬ 
ants,  were  capablo  of  developing  only  6100  foot-pound^  of 
kinetic  energy,  about  1/2  8S  part  of  that  developed  in  the 
Edison  kinetic,  giant  rolls,  and  about  1/170  part  of  that  re¬ 
quired  to  be  expended,  by  the  Edison  rolls,  in  breaking  a 
single  charge  of  rock(c  anplt  *s  brief ,  op.  20 5-208) . 

Hence,  in  the  prior  art,  the  driving  agent ,  and  not  the 
energy  of  the  rolls. did  the  work  of  crushing  and  pulveriz¬ 
ing  small  pieces  of  rock  that  had  previously  passed  through 
the  jaw-crusher  or  the  gyratory  crusher,  a  sufficient  power 
being,  at  all  time  a.  applied,  to  the  rolls  by  the  driving  agent 
which  was  at  all  times  subjected  to  the  entire  strain  of  the 
work  being  done  (oomplt '  s  brief, p. 240)  .  In  the  Edison  machin 
the  driving  agent  (the  belt  or  belts)  serves  only  to  bring 
the  rolls  up  to  speed,  the  work  of  cracking  and  cru ohing_th_e_ 
rock-massess  being  done  by  the  rnpldly  rotating  massive  rollj 
provided  vrith  strong,  tenacious,  hammering  knobs  of  differenl 
heights, through  the  periodio  und  sudden  expenditure  of  enorm< 
portions  of  the  immense  sto/e  of  kinetic  energy  previously  de  - 
veloped  in  the  rolls  during  the  intervals  when  no  work  was 
being  dene. 

The  foregoing  kinetic  action  of  the  Edison  rolls  was 
fundamentally  new.  There  is  nothing  like  it  in  the  whole 
range  of  the  history  of  the  rock-breaking !  art.  The  describes 
kinetic  action  is  the  substance  and  gist  of  the  Inventions. 


The  re  at  tire  details.  prior  art  contained  no  apparatus 
capable  of  such  notion. 

In  order  that  each  massive  roll  might  expend 

its  kinetic  energy  upon  the  rock  and  net  upon  the  Other 
roll,  Edison  did  not  connect  the  two  rolls  by  any  rigid 
connection,  as  by  toothed  pear  ins,  find  apply  the  driv¬ 
ing  agent  or  agents  to  one  roll  only,  so  that  the  other 
rail  would  bo  driven  secondarily  and  dependently  through 
its  gearing  connected  with  the  first  roll,  but  he  so  con¬ 
structed  hie  machine  that  each  roll  v/a3  driven  independ¬ 
ently  by  the  driving  agent  (  the  belt  ) ,  each  roll  being 
provided  with  ita  own  separate  pulley  bearing  Independent¬ 
ly  upon  the  driving  agent,  so  that  each  roll  received  its 
motion  directly  nnd  independently,  through  its  pulley, 
from  the  driving  agent  and 

-3  1/2- 


not  oceonderlly  and  despondently  from  the  other  roll,  through 
any  rigid  connection,  ouch  as  toothed  Bearing,  between  the  ... 
two  rolls. 

Thus  Edison  made  his  rolls  "independently  driven 
and  disconnected",  which  expression  has  no  other  limitation 
than  that  above  given  arising  from  anything  to  be  found  in 
the  prior  art  or  set  forth  in  the  patents  in  suit.  The 
oourt  will  observe  that  the  expression  refers  to  the  "drive" 
of  the  rolls  and  not  to  the  capacities  of  the  rolls  so  drive?. 
Edison  did  not  muko  one  roll  drive  the  other  through  toothed 
soaring,  but  he  employed  an  independent  drlv_e  for  each  roll, 
consisting,  in  the  example  shown,  of  a  single  belt  imparting 
motion  to  each  roll  independently  through  the  (separate  pulley 
thereof.  The  idea  is  that  each  roll  shall  receive  its  motion 
directly  from  the  driving  agent  (the  belt)  through  its  own 
separate  pulley  and  not  from  tho  Other  roll  through  any 
rigid  connection,  ouch  as  toothed  gearing,  between  the  two 
rolls.  The  "independently  driven  and  disconnected  massive 
rolls"  are  mechanical  elements  and  not  functions  or  capacit¬ 
ies.  The  phrase  describee  tho  eon struct  ion,  and  not  the 
mode  of  operation,  of  the  machine.  This  matter  has  been 
so  fully  shown  hy  Mr.  Bontloy,  when  considering  the  proceed¬ 
ings  in  the  patent  office  and  the  prior  art  (ooaplt's  brief, 
pp.  31-381  160-1621  321-3245  324-320)  that  there  oan  he 

no  doubt  upon  it  whatever.  The  ocopo  of  the  inventions  of 
tho  patents  in  cult,  in  viewof  the  prior  art,  ie  such  that 
the  cl pirns  should  be  no  construed,  under  the  settled  rule 
(complt's  brief,  pp.  160-171;  324-329),  as  to  protect  the 

inventions  fully.  Ae  pointed  out  by  Mr.  Bentley  (complt's 
brief,  p.  33)  when  he  came  to  consider  the  prior  art:- 


"It  ia  manifest,  ns  a  matter  of  foot,  that 
the  prior  art  who  devoid  of  any  hint  or  suggestion 
of  Edison' a  method  of  oraoking  rook-maoees  hy  op¬ 
positely  directed  hammer  blows  of  hammering  rolls 
having  great  weight  and  speed.  Ac  a  matter  of  novelty 
that  method  was  fundamentally  origin nl  with  Edison. 

I  see  no  good  reason  why  Edison  should  have  added 
that  the  rolls  were  'independent'  or  'independent¬ 
ly  driven  or  disconnected'.  That,  however,  is  in¬ 
cidental  to  the  capacity  of  the  rolls  for  deliver¬ 
ing  their  store  of  kinetic  energy  in  hammer  blows 
upon  the  rock,  a  capacity  which  would  not  exist  if 
the  rollo  were  positively  connected  hy  gearing  and 
one  only  of  the  rolls  was  driven.  I,  therefore, 
take  it  to  mean  that  the  two  rolls  are  not  inflex¬ 
ibly  geared  together  by  toothed  gearing  like  those 
Of  Babbitt,  Stutz  and  Culver,  and  also  that  the 
driving  power  le  not  applied  to  one  roll  merely, the 
ucoond  being  positively  geared  to  the  first,  os  in 
the  case  of  Babbitt,  Stutz  and  Culver." 

In  order  that  the  Edison,  kinetic,  massive  rollo  might 
deliver  their  kinetic  energy  upon  the  rock  in  hamraor-like 
blows,  Edison  provided  strong,  hammering  knobs  upon  the  sur- 
faoea  of  the  rolls,  nnd  in  order  that  the  kinetic  apparatus 
might  bo  effsotive  to  break  up  and  then  crush  lorgc  pieces 
of  rook  he  provided  one  or  mors  sets  of  higher,  slodglng 
knobs  that  shattered  m  d  roduood  the  l«rgo  rock  above  the  rollB 
so  that  it  could  then  be  subjected  to  the  rolling  notion  of 
the  knobs  between  the  rolls,  a  construction  and  mode  of 
operation  entirely  new.  Those  knobo,  ns  well  ao  the  notion 
thereof,  were  fundamentally  new  (oomplt's  brief,  pp.  71-725 

The  prior  art  docs  not  show  a  single  example  of 
roughened  rolls  driven  by  a  belt,  nor  even  a  single  example 
of  a  rook-crushing  roll  with  hammering  knobs  (oomplt's  brief, 
pp.  220,350.) 

In  order  to  carry  out  hie  method  of  breaking  rock- 
masses  by  kinctio  onergy  and  in  constructing  his  kinetic 
rolls,  Mr.  Edison  employed  a  small  driving  power,  deliver¬ 
ing  power  to  both  the  rolls,  insufficient  to  break  the  rook 
by  the  direct  application  of  the  power  or  to  start  the  rollt 



from  a  state  of  re  at.  In  other  words,  tho  driving  power., 
employed  was  so  osur.ll  that  the  p-.riodio,  gradual  accumula¬ 
tion,  and  the  periodic,  sudden  expenditure,  of  kinetic 
energy  vma  neou  es'ftry  to  break  the  successive  char  rob  of  rock 
periodically  fed  to  the  rolls.  Ouch  nn  arrangement  and  such 
action  were  entirely  unknown  in  tho  prior  art  (complt'e  brief, 


A  further  detail  employed  hy  TU*.  Edioen  in  connect- I 
ion  with  his  broad  invention  wac  the  slipping  power  conncctj 
ions  which  ere  referred  to  only  in  claims  4  -  7  of  the  ap¬ 
paratus  patent.  The  slipping  power  connections  ore  intend¬ 
ed,  as  stated  in  the  description  of  the  patents,  merely  to 
permit  a  "reduction  in  the  apec-d  of  the  rolls*  /.bile  break¬ 
ing  and  crushing  rock  and  the  description  of  the  patents  monf 
tlono  several  equivalent  devices  that  Jnsy  ha  employed  to 
acocmplioh  this  purpose  (complt'o  brief,  pp.39,  41,  89-91). 

The  claims  li  ited  by  the  slipping  power  cc.nncctlorfl, 
namely,  only  claims  4-7  of  the  apparatus  patent,  contain  no 
limitation  as  to  the  slowing  down  of  the  rolls  nor  as  to  thej 
manner  in  which  the  rolls  shall  slow  down,  and  the  stated 
purpose  of  the  do  script ion  is  accomplished  whether  the  rollsj 
by  reason  of  the  slipping  power  connections  or  their  ope 
fied  equivalents,  slow  down  together  or  differently.  In  either 
case  tho  slipping  power  connections  or  their  specified 
equivalents  permit  a  "reduction  in  tho  speed  of  the  rolls", 
which  is  all  that  the  description  requires.  Defendants.' 

Pekin  and  Detroit  rolls  do  both.  They  slow  down  together 
and  differently. 

Moreover,  there  is  nothing  whatever  in  tho  prior 
art  nor  in  the  specification  of  eltherpntont  limiting  the 



scope  of  the  inventions  in  this  respoot  or  furnishing  any 
ground  upon  which  to  hold  that  onid  claimn  4-7  of  the  appnrntjf- 
ub  patent  do  not  cover  hr.  Edison's  kinetic,  independent  , 
massive  rolle,  with  roughened  or  Irregular  surfaces,  unless 
it  is  shown  that  they  slow  down  differently  as  well  as  to¬ 
gether.  The  sole  statement,  found  only  in  the  description 
of  the  method  patent,  is  that  the  several  means  specified 
as  equivalents  arc  intended  to  permit  a  "reduction  in  the 
speed  of  the  rolls".  This  purpose  is  accomplished  and 

said  olaims  infringed  whether  the  "reduction  in  the  speed  of 
the  rolle"  takes  place  in  ouch  manner  that  the  rolls  slow 
down  together  or  differently.  In  either  case  there  is  a  "re¬ 
duction  in  the  speed  of  the  rolls". 

Since  the  word  "speed"  is  used  in  the  singular  , and 
the  word  "rolls" in  the  plural,  the  language  quoted  indicate 
that  the  pntentoe  had  in  mind  the  where  both  rolls  were 
rotating  at  the  same  speed,  and  where  that  one  speed  of  both 
rolls  was  reduced  in  the  breaking  and  crushing  of  rook,  sucty 
reduction  in  speed  being  permitted  by  any  of  the  equivalent 
means  mentioned.  The  equivalent  means,  specified  in  the 
patents,  for  permitting  a  reduction  in  the  speed  of  the  roll<j 
while  breaking  and  crushing  rock,  inelude  means  which  wculd 
permit  the  rolls  to  slow  down  together  and  not  differently 
(complt's  brief,  pp.  319-330).  The  cupaclty  of  the  rolls 
to  alow  down  differently  ,  as  well  as  together  ,v/hen  provided 
with  slipping  power  oonnootirns  locatod  at  the  roll-pulleys, 
as  in  the  defendants'  Pekin  rolls,  cannot  be  rend  as  a 
limitation,  into  claims  4-7  of  the  apparatus  patent,  since 
some  of  tho  equivalent  moans  specified  permit  the  rolls  to 
alow  down  together  only. 

Whatever  aqy  bo  the  oapaoitles  of  the  Edison,  kinet- 
io,  independent. 


power  connections* or- equivalents  of  claims  <1-7  of  the  ep- 
paratus  pntont,  it  is  a  proposition  that  is  incontrovertible 
,  that  it  is  nowhere  stated  In  oither  patent  that  the  two  roll* 
at  any  time  in  their  operation  rotate  at  different  tpoeds  . 
This  was  pointed  out  by  defendants •  counsel  upon  his  cross- 
examination  of  Mr.  Bentley  who  was  pointing  out  the  capacities 
Of  the  15 di eon  machines,  when  provided  with  slipping  power 
connections  located  at  the  roll-pulleys.  How  can  a  capacity, 
not  mentioned  either  in  the  description  or  claim  of  a  patent, 
be  rend  into  the  olnim  as  n  limitation?  The  rule  is  that 
the  daine of  a  patent  for  a  meohoniofil  device  are  not  to  be 
limited  by  the  functions  or  capacities  of  the  device  not 
mentioned  therein.  A  patentee  lo  entitled  to  every  vise  to 
which  his  device  claimed  oau  be  put.  Hor  is  infringment 
avoided  by  impairing  the-  function  or  capacity  of  a  patented 
device,  or  because  the  patented  structure  is  not  utilized 
to  the  fullest  extent  possible  (complt'e  brief,  pp.324,  327 
and  oases  cited) . 

In  addition  to  the  ooocb  cited  in  complainant's 
brief  (pp.324,  327)  reference  mgy  be  made  to  national  Co,  v.  . 
Interchange  able  Co..  106  Pad.  693,  709,  C.C.A.  In  that  oase 
Sanborn,  C.  J. ,  pointed  out  that  it  is  a  combination  of 
mechanical  elements  that  may  he  protected  by  a  patent  for  a 
machine}  that  such  a  patent  secures  to  the  patentoc  every 
use  to  which  tho  combination  of  the  mnohino  may  be  put,  both 
when  its  functions  or  oapcioities  are  all  utilized  and  when 
they  are  not;  that  on  inventor  may  describe  and  claim  only 
his  machine}  and  that,  having  done  so,  he  is  entitled  to 
every  use  to  which  his  device  can  be  applied,  whether  or  not 
he  was  aware  of  all  those  uses  or  methods  when  he  secured 
his  patent  or  monoply.  Judge  Sanborn  then  hold  (p.  709), 
accordingly,  that  eer'tain  oloimo  of  a  seoond  patent  to  Hien 



ware  void  'because  anticipated  by  a  olaim  of  a  prior  patent 
obtained  by  the  aamo  inventor.  The  only  difference  between 
the  claims  of  the  two  patents  was  that  the  claims  of  the 
eeoond  patent  mentioned  a  certain  resilience  whloh  resulted 
from  merely  tightening  up  curtain  screws  of  the  olaim  Of 
the  first  patent.  "The  result  is",  said  Judge  Sanborn, 

"that  the  second  claim  of  the  first  patent  to  Hein,  No. 

361,  009,  secures  to  him  the  exclusive  use  of  the  combina¬ 
tion  thero  specified,  when  resilience  or  camber  in  the  beam 
le  utilised,  as  well  as  when  it  la  not". 

In  acschen  Co.  v.  Bissell  Co., 72  Fed.  67,  74-75, 
C.C.A. ,  Judge  Lurton,  held  the  same,  citing  Roberts  v.  flyer, 

51  U.S.  150,  wherein  it  wae  held  that  a  patent  to  Lyman  was 
an  anticipation  of  the  patent  sued  on,  becaueo,  although 
Lyman  so  arranged  his  device  as  to  use  only  on  ascending 
current  of  air  for  refrigerating,  upon  the  wrongful  supposi¬ 
tion  that  the  greatest  benefit  was  to  be  derived  therefrom, 
and  the  complainant  patentee  had  arranged  icxxxxxxxxxxx  his 
so  as  to  use  a  descending  current,  both  inventions  adopted 
substantially  the  same  means  for  cooling  the  air  and  either 
machine  could  use  either  ourrent  or  both.  The  Supreme  Court 
said  that  on  "inventor  of  a  machine  is  entitled  to  the  bene¬ 
fit  of  oil  the  uses  to  whioli  it  oon  be  put,  no  matter  ?/hethe:- 
j'c  had  oonoeived  the  idea  of  the  use  cr  not". 

Of  course,  in  the  case  at  bar,  the  defense  of  non¬ 
infringement  is  a  sham  defense.  Inasmuch  as  defendants  have 
made  exact  copies  of  the  Edison  patented  machines,  their 
machines  must  operate  precisely  as  the  Edison  maohine®/of 
the  patents  operate  and  that  they  do  so  operate  is  over¬ 
whelmingly  shown  by  the  evidence  (complt’a  brief,  pp. 100-160 
88-100}  171-183;  302-333).  The  preposterous  claim  that 



the  use  at  Pek*n  of  the  belt-tightener  pulley,  copied  hy 
defendants  from  the  Edison  plant  at  Sibley,  so  tightens  the 
halt  as  to  avoid  slippage  at  the  roll-pulleys  is  not  only  ' 
falsa,  as  shown  hy  the  evidence  (complt's  brief,  pp.91-99j 
100-160),  and  immaterial,  because  defendants  employ  all  the 
equivalents  specified  in  the  patents  for  the  clipping  power 
connections  (complt's  brief,  pp.  09-91),  but  the  claim  is 
like  the  tightening  or  loosening  of  the  screws  to  produce 
or  prevent  the  "resilience"  in  the  brake  beam  case  (106  Pod. 
709,  cited  supra,  p.  8  ) .  In  either  case  the  patented 

structure  is  there  and  infringement  exists,  whether  the 
functions  or  capacities  of  the  apparatus  are  all  employed  or 

utilized  or  not.  A  mere  adjustment  of  the  belt-tightener  pul- 
ley.would  eliminate  its  effect,  if  any (ce; B 

Complainant  contends,  under  the  well-settled  rule 

(complt's  brief,  pp.  169-171),  that  the  claims  of  his  patent) 
should  be  so  construed  as  to  protect  his  inventions  fully, 
and  that  in  order  to  prove  infringements  of  claims  4  and  7 
of  the  apparatus  patent,  he  should  not  be  required  to  show, 
as  he  has,  at  great  expense,  shown  in  this  suit  (complt's 
brief,  pp.00-100  and  100-160),  that  the  defendants'  rolls 
are  not  only  provided  with  slipping  power  connections  and 
the  equivalents  thereof  specified  in  the  patents  but  Blow 
down  differently  ns  well  as  together  in  the  breaking  and 

orushing  of  rook. 

Moreover,  it  is  well  settled  that  If  nny  of  the 
elements  of  an  Invention  are  now  and  useful,  even  though 
they  may  not  be  uBeful  save  in  combination  with  other  el¬ 
ements  of  a  device,  they  may  be  separately  claimed  (National 
Co.  v.  American  Co..  182  Ped.  626,  639  and  cases  cited). 

In  other  words,  a  claim  is  valid  though  it  does  not  cover  ai: 
the  elements  necessary  to  the  useful  operation  of  a  device. 
3?or  this  reason  also,  the  attempt  of  defendants  to  read  into 


each  claim  of  the  patents  in  suit  every  element  end  capacity 
referred  to  or  not  referred  to  in  the  descriptions  or  refer¬ 
red  to  in  the  testimony,  hut  not  mentioned  in  the  claim, 
is  without  warrant  in  the  patent  law. 

In  the  case  at  bnr,  defendants  deliberately  pirat¬ 
ed  the  substance  and  details  of  the  Edison  inventions  and  of 
Mr.  Edition' e  practical  embodiments  thereof  at  JTew  Village, 

Sibley  and  elsewhere.  At  Pekin  they  copied  the  Sibley  and 
Haw  village  rolls,  while  at  Detroit  they  copied  the  Edison 
rolls  at  Little  Polls  and  elsewhere.  The  di! fferenoesallog- 
ed  to  exist  by  defendants'  counsel,  such  o.e  the  use  of  an 
electric  motor  instead  of  a  steam  engine  ss  the  source  of 
power,  need  not  be  considered.  As  oh  own  (complfs  brief, 
pp. (32-100;  50-52)  defendants,  at  Pekin  and  Detroit,  made 

Chinese  copies  of  the  Edison  inventions  and  machines  and 
they  resorted  to  deceitful  and  insincere  negotiations  with 
l',r.  Edison  in  order  to  inspect  the  I'.'cv;  Village  and  Sibley 
plants,  examine  blue  prints  thereof  and  obtain  all  informa¬ 
tion  dawn  to  the  minutest  details  tc  the  end  that  they  might 
make  thoir  copico  exact,  ns  they  did  (complt's  brief, pp. 53-61) . 

Defendants'  Pekin  and  Detroit  rolls  are  not  only 
Chinese  copies  of  the  Edison  inventions  and  machine p, but 
they  have  all  tho  capacities,  perform  all  the  functlona  and 
operate  precisely  like  tho  Edison  machines  of  tho  patents  in 
auit.  This  is  shown  overwhelmingly  by  the  evidence  (oomplt*  i 
brief,  pp.100-160;  86-100;  171-183;  302-333).  Under 

any  construction,  of  the  claims  defendants  infringe.  Their 
rolls  rotate  o.t  different  rotes  of  speed  and  slow  down  diffa.-, 
ently  as  well  ns  together,  while  breaking  and  crushing  rook, 
They  employ  tho  Edison  inventions  and  machines  to  break  rocc 
by  kinetic  energy.  Their  machine o  are  the  machines  of  the 



patents,  possessing  all  the  advantages,  functions  and  capacit¬ 
ies  thereof  end  all  the  mechanical  elements  thereof,  precise¬ 
ly  as  set  forth  in  claims  1,  2,  3,  4  and  7  of  the  apparatus 
patent  and  they  employ  tho  method  of  the  claims  of  the  method 
patent*  Their  defences  are' entirely  technical  and  without 

They  urge  the  defence  of  non-infringement  upon  tho 
er  'nc!  that  they  do  not  employ  the  friotion-olutohes,  hut 
the  friotion-olutohos  are  an  unimportant  detail,  mentioned 
only  in  claims  5  and  6  of  the  apparatus  patent,  for  whioh  tho 
description  of  the  patente  mentions  several  equivalents,  all 
of  which  defendants  employ  (complt's  brief pp. 89-01) ,  The 
inventions  aro  in  no  way  limited  to  the  friotion-olutohes 
(oomplt'e  briof ,  pp.30S-306).  The  fact  that  the  descrip¬ 
tion  of  the  patents  sets  forth  several  equivalents  for  the 
friotion-olutohos,  whioh  aro  mentioned  merely  as  one  of  sever 
al  "evldcnt"meana  specif led  in  the  description,  for  permit¬ 
ting  a  reduotion  in  the  epced  of  the  rolls  while  breaking  and 
crushing  rock,  shows*  in  itself,  that  tho  inventions  are  in  no 
way  limited  to  the  friotion-olutohos  and  that  the  patentee 
expressly  pointed  out  that  they  were  not  so  limited. 

Tho  friotion-olutohos  of  claims  5  and  6  may  be  rtie- 
peneed  with  and  so  may  the  slipping  power  connections  of 
olaims  4  and  7  and  still  the  broad  inventions  of  claims 
1,  2  and  3  >f  the  apparatus  patent  will  be  present  and  tho 
method  of  the  method  patent  will  bo  employed.  This  apponrs 
sufficiently  from  the  faot  that  claims  1,  2  and  3  of  the  ap¬ 
paratus  patent  make  no  reference  to  tho  friotion-olutohos  no: 
I  to  the  slipping  power  connections  whioh  ore  in  no  way  essen¬ 
tial  either  to  the  carrying  out  of  Edison's  kinetic  method 
or  to  hie  kinetic  apparatus.  But  the  express  statement  of 
the  method  patent  affirms  the  point.  It  is  said  (p.l,  lines 
90-06  of  HO.  672,616)  that,  instead  of  using  tho  friotion- 
olutohes  to  permit  a  "reduotion  in  the  speed  of  the  rolls", 



while  breaking  and  crushing  rook, 

»«!  sue,  -‘‘sygs  ;r«4-rarS?lg5ir 

~i)  ro  tne^ 

speed  tl  be  reduced  with  that  of  the  rolls". 

The  quoted  pass  afro  necessarily  contemplates  that  the 
pulleys  shall  ho  feet  on  the  roll-shafts,  since  it.  speolfie^ 
ether  means  for  permitting  a  "reduction  in  the  speed  of  the 
rolls"  while  breaking  and  crushing-  rook.  Evidently  the 
rolls  might,  as  stated,  ho  disconnected  from  the  driving- 
shaft  just  before  the  rock  is  dumped  upon  the  rolls  »  by  em¬ 
ploying  any  suitable  eevice",  aa,  for  instance,  in  a  suppoa- 
able  oaso,  by  the  removal  Of  the  driving  belt,  in  which  onsj 
there  would  be  no  friotlon-clutohes  or  slipping  power  con¬ 
nections  employed  to  permit  the  "reduction  in  the  speed  of 
the  rolls"  while  breaking  rock.  Again,  the  friotion-oiut 
xxsex  might  be  diapenned  with,  the  pulleys  being  fact  on  the 
roll-shafts,  and  the  reduction  in  spend  permitted,  as  atntojl, 

«  even  by  maintaining  the  connection  with  the 
driving-engine  of  small  power  and  allowing, 
its  spued  to  be  reduced  with  tnnt  of  the  . 
rolls"  (p.l,  lines  AS- 

Obviously,  from  the  passages  quoted,  the  friction  - 
clutches  of  claims  6  and  6  and  the  slipping  power  connect¬ 
ions  of  claims  4  and  7  may  be  dispensed  with  end  any  suit¬ 
able  device  or  moans  may  be  resorted  to  in  order  to  permit 
a  "reduction  in  the  speed  of  the  rolls"  while  breaking  and 
crushing  rock.  In  the  employment  of  the  kinetic  method  and 
in  tho  construction  of  the  kinetic  apparatus,  it  is  neces¬ 
sary  only  that  the  massive  rolls  deliver  their  kinetic 
energy  upon  the  rock.  This  will  cause  the  rolls  to  slow 
down,  but  the  manner  in  whloh  or  the  moans  by  which  they  or 



permitted  to  alow  down  are  Immaterial  and  form  no  limita¬ 
tion  of  the  broad  inventions  as  sot  forth  in  the  claims  of 
the  method  patent  and  in  olaimn  1,  2  and  3  of  the  apparatus 

In  the  commercial  embodiments  of  his  Invention8 Mr. 
Edison  dispenoed  with  the  frlet ion-olutohoa,  made  the  pul¬ 
leys  fact  the  roll-3hafte  and  maintained  the  connection 
with  the  driving-engine  of  smell  power,  allowing  its  speed 
to  be  reduced  with  that  of  the  rolls.  In  addition,  since 
the  driving  belt  "operates  through  slipping  friction",  as 
stated  in  the  patents  (p.l,  lino  87),  the  slipping  power 
connections  of  claims  4  and  7,  suoh  as  the  3lip  of  the  belt 
on  the  roll-pulleys  and  on  the  lino-ahaft  pulley,  have  also 
been  retained  and  employed.  Such  is  the  construction  of 
defendants'  Pekin  and  Detroit  rolls  (oomplt's  brief  pp.a{J-9L), 
copied  f roniytlje o3jhU son  machlnos  at  Sibley,  flew  Village, 

Little  Pello^OJ.  S.  Crushed  Stone  Co.)  and  elsewhere. 

The  point  is  that  the  broad  inventions  claimed  in 
claims  1,  2  and  3  of  the  apparatus  patent  are  in  no  way 
limited  by  any  means  for  permitting  a  reduction  in  the  speel 
Of  the  rolls  while  breaking  and  crushing  rock.  Their  claims 
specify  none  and  the  scope  of  the  inventions  did  not  re¬ 
quire  ouch  limitation.  Although  tho  kinetic  operation  re¬ 
sults  in  a  reduction  in  the  speed  of  the  rolls  while  break- 
j  ing  and  crushing  rock,  such  reduction  in  speed  may  be  ac¬ 
complished  in  any  suitable  manner,  ns  stated  in  the  patents, 

I  and  it  la  only  in  claims  4to  7  of  the  apparatus  patent  that 
Hr.  Edison  olaimed  his  broaci  invention  in  connection  with 
means,  suoh  as  the  slipping  povrer  connections  of  claims  4 
and  7,  or  the  friction-clutches  of  olaims  5  and  6,  or  thoir 
equivalents,  for  accomplishing  that  result.  Such  being 



tho  ooope  of  the  meritorious  invontiono  of  the  Edison  pat¬ 
ents,  the  Court  will,  under  the  settled  rule  (oomplt's  brie:’, 
pp.  169-170;  163-170)  so  oonstrue  the  claims  as  to  proteat 

tho  invontiono  fully.  There  is  nothing  in  the  language 
of  the  claims  to  prevent  the  Court  from  so  doing.  There¬ 
fore,  the  Court  will  find  lnfringementtcoraplt's  brief,  pp. 
169-170;  Dowagino  iifg.  Co.  v.  Brennan  &  Co. .137  Fed.  143, 

1  BO-1 81 ,  C.C.A. ,  quoting  Coohrone  v.  Deener,  94  U.S.789)  and 
not  permit  thoae  defendants  to  pirnte  the  inventions  and  es¬ 
cape  nn  injunotion  and  accounting  under  the  decree  of  this 

It  has  been  shown  that  tho  slip  of  a  holt  upon  a 
pulley  was  not  only  o.  slipping  power  connection,  specified 
in  the  patents,  within  tho  meaning  of  olains  4  and  7,  hut 
also  that  at  the  date  of  the  inventions  and  patents  in  suit, 
it  was  a  known  means  for  permitting  a  reduction  in  speed  of 
a  driven;  pulley  and  roll  (oomplt’s  brief,  p.  127;  pp.302- 

300;  D.R.  p.304,  xQ.200  and  p.  247,  Q.  31,  showing  date  of 
one  pas b ago  referred  to  is  1300).  It  is,  therefore,  not 
only  a  slipping  power  connootion  speoified  in  the  patents, 
but  so. so  a  known  equivalent  of  all  the  other  raenno  specified 
in  tho  patents  for  permitting  a  reduotion  in  the  speed  of 
the  pulleys  nnd  the  rolls  while  breaking  and  cruehing  rock 
(Downglao  Hfg.  Co,  v.  Bronnnn  &  Co.. 127  Fed.  142,  130,  lfil, 
C.C.A. ,  quoting  from  the  opinion  of  Sir.  Justice  Bradley  in 
Cochrane  v.  Deoner.  94  U.  S.  709  and  of  Judge  Taft  in  King 
Co.  v.  Hubbard.  97  Fed.  795,  803;  Welsbaoh  tight  Co.  v. 
Sunlight  Co..  87  Fed.  221,  225;  oases  oited,  oomplt'B  brief, 
pp. 160-170). 

II.  The  attempt  to  Induce  the  Court  to  believe 
that  defendants  did  not  follow,  but  preoedod,  Mr.  Edison 
in  making  the  pulleys  foot  on  the  roll  shafts  is  preposter¬ 
ous.  The  attempt  characterizes  the  defence. 



These  defendants  ,  under  pretenoe  of  negotiating 
with  Mr.  Edison  for  a  license  to  use  his  inventions  under 
payment  of  royalty,  visited,  through  their  representatives, 
the  Edison  plants  at  New  Village  and  Sihley.  As  shown  in 
complainant's  brief  (pp.  53-61),  they  inspeoted  the  Edison 
machines  of  thepatents  in  suit  with  the  utmost  care. 

At  New  Village  they  examined  plana  and  drawings  of 
the  Edison  rolls  in  the  office  of  Mr.  Edison's  company 
(C.R.  p.  206,  Q.  20).  At  Sihley  they  obtained  measure¬ 
ments  when  they  first  inspected  the  plant,  and  the  Allis- 
Chalmers  representatives  returned  for  further  measurements 
(C.R.,  p.  210,  Q.  31).  At  both  plaoes  they  obtained  from 
Mr.  Edison's  representatives  and  licensees  complete  in¬ 

formation  as  to  the  principles  and  details  of  the  Edison 
machines  and  inventions  (brief,  pp.  53-61).  They  then  mad 
at  Pekin  a  Chinese  copy  of  the  Edison  machines.  Prom  Pekin 
■  they  wrote,  on  May  6,  1908,  to  New  Village  for  blue  prints 
(C.R. ,  p.  703;  brief,  p.  57). 

They  visited  the  New  Village  plant  on  April  15, 

1908  (C.R. ,  P.  202,  Q.  6).  At  that  time  the  pulleys  were_ 

fast  on  the  roll-3hafts.  and  had  been  for  a  long.time.  Onj 
November  19,  1909  Mr.  Mason  testified  ns  follows  (C.R. , 

.  150,  Q,s. 


Xt  is  in  evidence  that  originally  the 

"pulleys  of U the  NeVvillage  plant  were  loose  upon 
the  roll- shaft s  and  that  subsequently  the  pul¬ 
leys  were  made  fast  upon  the  roll  shafts.  Will 
you  kindly  exjbain  the  change  made  in  this  re¬ 
spect  and  state  when  the  change  was  made  and  by 
’  whom  it  was  made?  A.  The  change  was  made  more 
than  two  years  ago,  possibly  three. years.  The 
reason  for  changing  the  pulleys  was  that  we  f ound 
that  by  setting  up  the  friction  hand  so. tight 
that  the  belt  slipped  on  the  pulley  in  preference 
to  the  pulley  slipping  on  the  shaft  that  we  could 
operate  as  successfully  and  satisfactorily  as  we 


•  consultation  with  Mr.  Edison. 

Q.  56. 

"Kindly  state  in  what  manner  the  pul- 
2  first  made  fast  on  the  roll  shaft 8  and 



whether  any  change  was  afterwards  made  In  the 
manner  of  making  the  pulleys  fast  on  the  roll- 
shafts?  A.  We  first  made  the  pulleys  fast  to 
the  roll-shafts  merely  hy  tightening  up  the  frlo- 
tion  hand  to  such  an  extent  that  the  pulley 
would  revolve  always  'with  the  shaft.  We  after¬ 
wards  babbitted  the  bushing  which  is  in  the  pul¬ 
ley  and  bored  it  out  so  that  it  would  be  a  little 
smaller  than  the  diameter  of  the  shaft  on  which 
it  fitted.  This  eventually  worked,  loose.  We 
then  put  in  a  cast-iron  bushing  bored  slightly 
smaller  than  the  diameter  of  the  shaft  on  which 
it  fits  and  pressed  the  pulley  with  its  bushing 
on  the  shoft  under  high  pressure. 

q. 57.  The  result  of  making  the  pulleys  fast  on 
the  roll  shafts,  that  is,  so  that  the  pulleys  re¬ 
volve  with  the  roll  shafts,  is  what  v/ith  respect 
to  the  belt  passing  about  the  pulleys  when  the 
rolls  are  engaged  in  breaking  and  crushing  rock? 

A.  It  is  the  3ame  to  all  intents  and  purposes. 

The  slipping  action  'which  formerly  occurred  be¬ 
tween  the  pulley  and  the  shaft  is  now  changed 
to  the  pulley  and  the  belt". 

Hence  the  pulleys  had  been  made  fast  on  the  roll-shaft b 
at  Hew  Village  prior  to  November  19,  1907  and  probably  as 
early  as  November  19,  1906. 

When  they  were  at  Now  Village,  defendants  inspected 
"the  pulleys  on  the  roll-shafts  and  the  idler  pulley  and 
the  belt  passing  around  said,  pulleys",  and  these  things  were 
explained  to  them  "while  the  plant  was  shut  down  for  their 
benefit"  (C.H. ,  p.  207,  Q.  23).  Therefore,  when  defendants 
made  the  pulleys  fast  on  the  roll-shafts  at  Pekin,  they 
copied  Hr.  Edison  in  this  particular  as  in  all  other  par¬ 
ticulars  and  the  attempt  to  deny  it  is  unscrupulous. 

Thero  is  nothing  to  show  that,  when  the  contract  be¬ 
tween  the  Alii s~Chul tiers  Company  and  The  Casparis  Stone 
Company  for  the  construction  of  the  Pekin  rolls  was  final¬ 
ly  approved  in  July,  1908  (C.R.,  p.  195),  the  plans  accord¬ 
ing  to  which  the  Pekin  rolls  were  to  be  manufactured  pro¬ 
vided  how  tho  pulleys  were  to  be  connected  with  the  roll- 
shafts.  When  defendants'  counsel  Introduced  in  evidence 
(D.H. ,  p.  368)  one  of  tho  blue  prints  of  the  Pekin  rolls, 

-!7-  j 


he  witheld  all  the  blue  prints  of  the  Pekin  rolls  except 
the  one  which  shows  the  construction  of  the  slugger  roll, 
hut  not  its  pulley,  and  the  date  of  that  drawing  is  TJey 
19,  1908.  The  earliest  date,  therefore,  to  v/hich  defend¬ 
ants  oan  refer  as  a  tine  when  the  pulleys  were  made  fast 
on  the  roll-shafts  of  the  Pekin  plant  is  June,  1909,  when 
they  were  inspected  hy  ’Jesars,  Williams  and  Hartlgan  (C.R., 
p.  6G,  Q,.  47;  p.  84,  (is.  1 53-186) ,  just  prior  to  the  com¬ 
mencement  of  this  suit. 

In  October,  1908,  Mr.  Knowlton  made  the  pulleys 
fast  on  the  roll-shafts  of  the  Edison  rolls  at  Slhley  (C.R., 
p.  611,  Q.  16).  This  change  was  made  hy  hr.  Knowlton 
himself  because  it  introduced  no  change  whatever  in  the 
mo-ie  of  operation  of  the  rolls,  being  an  obvious  equivalent 
which  any  skilled  mcehanio  would  make  if  he  so  desired,  os 
shown  by  this  instance,  and  the  ohango  was  "emphatically 
not"  suggested  to  him  by  the  All is- Chalmers  Company,  but 
resulted  sololy  from  his  own  use  of  the  Edison  rolls  (C.R., 
p.  611,  Qs.  17-19;  p.  617,  xQs.  37-43),  These  matters 
are  considered  in  complainant's  brief  (pp.  46-49;  p.  304; 
p.  354,  etc.). 

Because  Mr.  Williams,  a  a  ale  liman  employed  by  Mr. 
Edison  (C.R. ,  p.  13,  Q..1) ,  could  not  describe  the  manner 
in  which  the  pulleys  were  connected  to  the  roll-shafts  at 
New  Village,  defendants'  counsel  have  seized  upon  this  cir¬ 
cumstance  to  urge  their  false  assertion  that  in  November, 
1909,  the  pulleys  were  connected  with  the  New  Village  roll- 
shaft  o  by  slipping  connections. 

On  November  1,  1909,  Mr.  Williams  was  present  at 
the  firot  series  of  tests,  made  by  Mr.  Mason  and  Mr.  Opdyke, 
of  the  New  Village  rolls  (C.R.,  p.  697).  Referring  to 
these  tests  defendants'  oounsel  cross-examined  Mr.  Williams 

-18-  j 


as  fallows  (C.R. ,  p.  53,  xQ,  249): 

xQ.249.  4  You  do  not  personally  know,  do  you, 
whether  ill  ranking  the  tests  at  Nov  Village 
to  determine  whether  the  belt  would  slip 
around  the  drive  pulleys  on  the  roll-shaft, 
such  drive  pulleys  were  rigidly  secured  to 
the  shafts  instead  of  being  yieldingly  con¬ 
nected  to  the  shafts?  A.  X  do  not  " 

Mr.  Williams  al3C  testified  that  nt  New  Village 
there  was  a"friot ionol  connection"  between  the  pulleys 
and  the  roll-shafts,  but  said  that  he  could  not  describe 
the  •tfrictlontil  connection  so  that  it  would  be  understood 
(C.R. ,  p.  35,  Q,s.  124-125  ;  36,  Q  .133) 

Mr.  Hnrtigan  explained  the  ran, ter,  stating  in 
November,  1909,  that  the  pulleys  had  been  made  fast  on  the 
roll-shafts  at  Sew  Village  by  being  preseed  on  the  shafts 
and  that  at  one  time,  after  about  a  ye  or' a  operation,  one 
of  the  pulleys  worked  loose,  but  this  had  been  remedied 
(C.R. ,p.  77,  Qs.  112-122). 

Mr.  Mason,  v/ho  made  the  pulleys  fast  on  the  roll- 
shafts  at  Now  Village  in  November  of  1906  or  1907,  explnlnel 
the  matter  fully  in  the  pa33ages  above  quoted  from  hie  testi¬ 
mony  (C.R. ,  p.  150,  Qs. ,  55-57). 

What  Mr.  Y/illiams,  who  did  net  understand  the  matter 
and  said  so,  had  in  mind,  probably,  was  the  foot  that  the 
roll-pulleys  had  been  pressed,  under  high  pressure,  on  the 
roll-shafts  at  New  Village  and  that  this  constituted  a 
"friotlonal  ennneotion". 

Eliminating  the  testimony  of  Nr.  Williams,  who  stat¬ 
ed  that  ho  had.  no  personal  knowledge  or  understanding  of 
the  subject,  it  appears: - 

(a)  That  Mr.  Mason  testified  (C.R.,p.  150,  Q,a. 55-57) 
that  in  November  . of  1906  or  1907,  he  personally  made  the 
pulleys  fast  on  the  roll-shafts  at  New  Village. 

(b)  That  Mr.  TTartigan  testified  (C.R. ,  p.  77,  Q0.112- 
122) ,  that  in  November,  1909,  the  pulleys  had  been  f  aBt  on 

-19-  ! 


the  roll-shafts  at  flew  Village  for  a  long  period  of  time, 
since,  he  said,  after  about  a  yearns  operation,  one  of  the 
pulleys  had,  at  one  time,  worked  loooo  and  boon  made  font 

(o)  That  Mr,  llortor  testified  (C.R. ,  p.  126,  xQb, 

162,  157,  ins),  in  November,  1909,  that  the  friction-clutches 
had  been  eliminated  and  the  pulleys  fixed  upon  the  roll- 
shafts,  being  preraed  on  by  about  100  tone  pressure,  and 
that  the  change  had  been  mads  by  the  Superintendent,  Mr. 

(d)  That  Mr,  Bentley  testified  (C.K. ,  P»  176),  in 
December,  1909,  as  foil owns - 

»In  the  Edison  patents  the  pulleys  have  a 
friotion-clutoh  oennootion  with  the  roll- 
ohnftB,  whereas  in  the  defendant!!'  onse 
the  nulleyo  are  fast  on  the  ah 'ft.  This 
difference  merely  concerns  the  location  of 
the  slipping  point,  and  I  mny  add  that  in 
the  Edison  plant  at  Hew  Vlllnge,  3.  J.  I 
found  the  pulleys  fast  on  the  roll-shaft, 
f usF~ as  in  the  defendants'  arrangement , and 
1  under  is  t  and  that  they  have  been  that  way 
for  several  years,  the  slippage  therefore 
occurring  betr/een  the  belt  and  the  pulleys 
instead  of  at  the  friction-clutches." 

There  is  not  a  word  of  evidence  In  the  record  to 
support  the  false  assertion  of  defendants'  counsel  that 
defendants  did  not  copy  Mr.  Edison  in  making  the  pulleys 
fa3t  on  the  roll-shafts.  The  Cr.sparie  Stone  CCmpnny  had 
charge  of  building  the  Pekin  plant  (D.R.,  p.  355,  xQ  40), 
though  assisted  by  the  other  defendants  (coaplt's  brief, 
pp.  333-343).  When  Sir.  Casparis  and  his  son  visited  the 
Hew  Village  plant  on  April  15,  1908,  thoy  caw  the  pulleys 
fast  on  the  roll-shafts  ond  that  arrangement  defendants 
copied  in  tho  Pclcin  ond  Detroit 'rolls.  Moreover,  as  shown 
above,  tho  Edison  patents  in  suit  stated  that  the  friotion- 
olutohes  could  bo  eliminated  and  various  other  means  em¬ 
ployed  for  permitting  a  "roduotion  in  the  speed  of  the  rolls" 



while  'breaking  and  crushing  rock,  The  elimination  of  tho 
f r lot ion- olut oboe.  necessarily  involved  making  the  pulleys 
fast  on  the  roll- shafts,  within  the  contemplation  and  mean¬ 
ing  Of  the  statements  of  the  patents? 

Therefore,  the  annotations  by  defendants'  counsel 
pasted  on  pages  48,  304  and  364  of  complainant's  brief, 
in  an  effort  to  induce  the  Court  to  believe  that  defend¬ 
ants  did  not  follow  Mr.  Edison,  but  preceded  him,  in  mak¬ 
ing  the  pulleys  fast  on  the  roll-shafts,  disclose  the  sham 
character  of  the  defense.  Defendants  have  not  only  pirat¬ 
ed  tho  inventions,  but  now  falsely  pretend,  when  brought 
into  court,  to  have  originated  details  which  they  copied 
from  Mr.  Edison  together  with  the  principles  of  his  in¬ 
ventions  and  dLl  other  dotails. 

Dated,  March  2nd,  1911. 

Respectfully  submitted, 

Couneel  for  Complainant. 

-21- . 

Mar  oh  2nd, 


Hon.  John  R.  Hazel, 

U.  S.  Judge, 

P.  0.  Biiildlng, 

Buffalo,  H.  Y. 

Dear  Sir:  Edison  -v-  Allls-Chalmors  ct  al. 

In  submitting  in  holialf  of  complainant  the  enclosed  re¬ 
ply  to  the  annotations  of  oomplainnnt'e  brief  by  defendants'  oounsel, 
I  desire  to  call  the  attention  of  the  oourt  particularly  tc  the 
fact  that,  although  the  evidence  and  the  wcll-knovm  truth  of  the 
matter  conclusively  ostabllah  the  contrary,  nevertheless,  defend¬ 
ants'  counsel,  in  their  "annotations"  have  attempted  to  induce  the 
court  to  believe  that  defendants  did  not  fellow,  but  preceded, 

Ur.  Edison  in  making  the  pulleys  fast  on  the  rcll-ahaft3.  The  at¬ 
tempt  ohftracterizes  the  defence.  The  answer  tc  it,  together  with 
the  answers  already  given  to  similar  nttompts  (complt'e  brief,  pp. 
351-355),  discloses  the  sham  character  of  the  entire  defence.  If 
defendants  had  riot  made  Chlnose  copies  of  the  Edison  machines  of 
the  patento  in  suit,  and  if  defendants'  Pekin  and  Detroit  rolls  did 
not  operate  in  preolaely  the  manner  in  which, the  Edison  raaohinea 
of  the  patento  in  suit  operate,  defendants  would  not,  in  the  final 
etages  of  the  suit,  have  been  driven  to  the  expedient  of  pretend¬ 
ing  that  they  originated  a  detail,  such  as  making  the  pulleys  fast 
on  the  roll-shofte,  which  they  oopied,  together  with  all  other  de¬ 
tails  and  principles,  from  Mr.  Edison,  aftor  they  had  socured  ae- 
cese  to  Mr.  Edison's  roils,  drawings  and  blue-prints,  by  falsely 
representing  that  they  desired  to  negotiate  with  him  for  licensee 
to  use  his  inventions  under  payment-  of  royalty 

There  is  then  no  tangible  difference  between  defendants' 
infringing  Pekin  and  Detroit  rolls  and  the  Edison  machines  of  the 
patents  in  suit.  The  construction  and  mode  of  operation  are  the 
some.  The  evidence  proves  that  fiafcndimte  deliberately  planned 
to  a nko  exact  copies  of  the  Edison  machines  of  the  patents  in  suit 
and  that  they  cucoeoded  in  bo  doing. 

A  copy  of  this  letter  and  of  the  enclosed  reply  la  aent 
by  Bame  moil  to  defendants'  oounsel. 

Respectfully  submitted, 

Counsel  for  Complainant. 

On  my  return  I  find  yours  2nd, 

enclosing  copy  of  a  letter  to  Judge  Jlaael,  which  I 
have  very  carefully  noted,  and  it  does  not  Been  to 
me  that  the  Allis-Ohalraers  people  -Kill  <£**  very  much 
pleasure  out  of  your  reply,  as  you  have  very  thor¬ 
oughly  met  their  objections,  and  to  my  mind  put  them 
in  a  position  of  apparently  having  tried  to  deceive, 
the  Judge.' 

At  New  Village,  the  pulleys  were 

made  fast  to  the  shaftn  on  August  1st,  1907.  I  am 
able  to  identify  this  date  by  a  memorandum  which  I 
mafle  on  one  of  our  books  at  that  time,  so  that  1 
could  watch  the  effect  on  the  J^fres  of  making  the 
pulleys  tight  and  if  it  was  necessary  I  could  testify 
to  this  fact. 

Inasmuch  as  the  Allis-Caalmers  people 

did  not  visit  the  Now  Village  plant  until  April,  1908. 
it  shows  that  we  could  not  have  copied  the  change  from 

-f/f  -  VS  -  a -U-i 

I  take  great  pleasure  In  enclosing  herewith  a  copy  of  Judge 
Hazel's  opinion  in  the  above-entitled  suit  wgwn  sustaining  your  two, 
"basic  patents  covering  the  giant  rolls  as  patents  for  inventions  of  the 
highest  merit,  finding  that  defendants  have  infringed  the  patents 
and  ordering  an  injunction  and  an  accounting.  Of  course,  v.lth  this 
decision  as  a  "basis,  a  preliminary  Injunction  can  "be  secured  against 
the  infringing  rolls  of  the  nunbar  stone  Company  near  Detroit,  Klch. 
Please  accept  my  congratulations  upon  the  outcome  of  the  suit,  which, 
in  view  of  the  opinion  and  decision  of  the  omrt,  is  all  that  could  be 
des  ired. 

Y/ith  my  best  regards,  X  am, 

very  truly, 







LOUIS  HICKS,  for  complainant. 


GEORGE  L.  WILKINSON,)  for  defendants.  : 

HAZEL,  J.  j 

This  is  a  bill  in  equity  based  on  tv/o  letters  granted* 
on  April  23,  1901,  to  Thomas  a.  Edison,  for  method  of  tire  do- j 
inR  rock  ard  for  apparatus  for  breaking  rc-clc,  numbered  re-  j 
speotively,  672,616  and  672,617.  The  method  patent  was  is¬ 
sued  on  application  dated  July  6,  1897,  and  the  apparatus 
patent  on  divisional  application  doted  A«GU st  9»  190°*  Th0  j 
defendants  are  charred  in  the  hill  with  joint  infringement  i 
of  the  patents  in  this  district,  The  answers  allege  invalid^ 
ity  Of  the  patents  because  of  prior  public  use  and  sale  mere 
than  two  years  before  they  were  granted  and  want  of  novelty  j 
and  non-infringement .  At  the  hearing  the  Jurisdiction  of  ! 
the  court  was  challenged  on  the  ground  that  a  completed  act 
of  infringement  prior  to  the  commencement  of  the  action  was  j 
not  proven.  This  oltfeotion  will  now  be  considered. 


The  ns® ire  Limestone  Company  is  an  inhabitant  of  the  I 
Western  District  of  New  York,  and  the  Allis- Chalmers  Company, 


and  the  Caspar is  stone  Company  inhabitants  of  the  states  of  I 
Hew  Jersey  and  Ohio,  respectively.  It  is  claimed  that  the  j 
Allis-chalmers  Company  and  The  c&sparlo  stone  company  have 
not  committed  any  aot  of  infringement  hero.  Pursuant  to  the  j 
aot  of  Mar oh  3,  1097,  a  defendant,  not  an  inhabitant  of  the 
district  where  a  suit  is  instituted,  must  af fir actively  be 
shown  to  have  committed  an  act  of  infringement  and  have  a 
regularly  eatablishedplaoe  of  business  therein.  That  the 
Allis-chalmers  company  and  The  rasp  nr  is  stone  Company  each 
has  on  established  place  of  business  in  this  jurisdiction 
is  admitted,  and  the  question  submitted  far  deoioicn  on 
this  phase  is  whether  they  have  manufactured,  used  nr  sold 
the  infringing  machine  within  this  district  or  entered  into 
contracts  for  such  use,  manufacture  or  sale.  The  stipula¬ 
tions  of  record  relating  to  this  subject  fairly  show  that 
the  infringing  apparatus  was  completed  and  installed  within 
this  district  prior  to  June  18,  1909,  and  before  this  action  ; 
was  commenced,  and  that  the  Allls-nhalmers  Company  contracted! 
to  sell  and  deliver  ouch  machine  to  The  gasparla  stone  Com¬ 
pany  within  said  district,  whioh  company  had  agreed  to  erect  i 
such  machinery  for  the  Empire  limestone  Company  at  Pekin, 
j New  York.  It  is  proven  that  tho  Allis-chalmers  Company  in 
the  latter  part  of  tho  year  1908,  assisted  in  the  erection 
of  tho  rollers  by  inspecting  arid  approving  tho  work  of  in¬ 
stallation  by  The  gaspario  stone  Company.  Accordingly  it  is 
fairly  shown  that  there  was  something  more  than  the  more  man¬ 
ufacture  of  the  apparatus  by  the  Al  1  i  s  -  ch  alme  r  s  company 
:  within  this  district;  there  was  a  delivery  and  acceptance 
and  approval  of  the  work  of  installation  and  sole  v/ithin 
;j  the  jurisdiction  of  this  court.  (National  oa3h  pogister  ce. 
v.  American  'c*e(h  Register  co.,  178  -god.  pep.  79-83.)  It  is  j 
claimed  as  to  the  Empire  Lime  atone  company  that  the  plant  was j 
not  in  actual  operation  at  the  time  the  bill  was  filed,  but  j 
!  this,  assuming  it  to  be  true,  is  immaterial  in  view  of  the  j 
?  -2- 



|  fact  that  prior  thereto  said  oompeny  threatened  to  infringe 
j  the  patent b  in  suit.  (Chester  -porglng  &  ji.  Co.  v.  Tindel- 
j  Morris  co.,  165  tped.  Rep.  899.) 

Another  question  may  here  he  decided  before  passing 
j!  to  the  merit o.  The  complainant  gave  testimony  in  rebuttal 
5  tending  to  establish  that  the  Allin-nhalraors  company  had  j 
i  installed  an  alleged  infringing  apparatus  at  Detroit,  Miohi- 
:  gan,  subseqxient  to  the  c cmmencement  Of  this  action  and  com-  | 
pi  a  inant  claims  to  have  the  right  to  recover  herein  for  such! 
infringement,  'phis  claim  is  thought  untenable.  IIow  a  ; 

separate  and  wholly  independent  infringement  in  another  dis- j 
;  trict  by  one  of  the  three  defendants  who  arc  jointly  charged! 
with  infringement  has  any  relovonop  in  this  notion  is  dif¬ 
ficult  to  understand,  and  such  testimony  in  the  absence  cf  , 
controlling  authority  requiring  its  c ens  ideration  will  be  i 
;  disregarded. 

:i  Proceeding  to  a  description  of  the  patents  and 

claims  in  suit,  both  cf  which  ero  so  closely  allied  that  a 
consideration  of  one  necessarily  includes  the  other:  Afl  in¬ 
i'  dicated  hy  their  litios  both  patents  relate  to  crushing  or 
breaking  rock  and  ore  and  in  its  acc empliohmont  two  massive 
revolving  rolls,  weighing  167,000  pounds,  six  feet  in  diatuetp 
er  and  five  feet  long  and  secured  to  a  shaft,  are  used.  Thej 
mandrels  are  provided  with  extraordinarily  heavy  plates  which 
have  on  their  outer  surfaces  largo  projections  or  sledging  j 
knobs.  The  rolls  are  mounted  aide  by  aide  on  s  framo  having 
a  gap  between  them.  The  frame  lias  pulleys  attached,  around 
whioh  runs  a  driving  belt,  sc  arrangod  ao  to  cause  the  rollE 
ij  to  revtlve  toward  each  other  and  downward  through  the  gap  or 
jj  space  between  them.  The  pulleys  are  yieldingly  connected  tc 
the  3haft  hy  meanB  of  slipping  friction  clutches  so  that  when 
the  rfils  revolve  the  friction  clutches  yield  or  slip  withott 
!  greatly  loosening  their  8peed.  The  rolls  are  separately  one 
independently  driven,  the  frlotion  clutches  being  separate 


and  disoonneoted  to  permit  the  roll  a  to  diminish  or  aoceler-  | 
ate  their  opeed  independently  of  one  ahother.  )lfr.  Edison's  j 
objeot  was  to  devise  a  method  hy  which  massive  rook  or  bould-j 
er  when  taken  from  its  hod  could  he  instantaneously  oruohod 
or  broken  to  pieoea  at  ihe  least  possible  expense  hy  the  | 
blows  of  Urge  projections  on  the  rollers  and  thus  to  elimin^ 

ate  the  hand  sledging  or 
compllah  his  object  it  wa 

•  blasting  of  the  prior  art.  jO  a0” 
■/as  neoessary  that  the  rollers  oorres- 

size  of  the  material  1 

[e  bolloved  it  possible  to  use  the  cnc 
;ed  hy  the  inertia  of  revolving  object 

ing  operation.  Kinetic  energy  isthe  term  by  which  aioh  fori 
and  power  is  technically  known.  The  skilled  engineer  knew 
that  a  heavy  rotating  object  contained  stored  power  and 
energy  component  with  it,  and  in  the  adaptation  if  such  for 
and  power  far  breaking  and  crushing  large  rock,  it  will  bo 
comprehended  that  if  such  energy  could  be  practically  used 
an  achievement  of  great  economic  value  and  benefit  in  this 

ities  for  piecing  and  using  them  in  i 

i cor dance  with  the  modus 

operand!  specified  in  the  patent  in  suit.  The  patentee  surr 
mounted  all  obstaols3  and  the  record  shows  there  were  many. 

He  was  the  first  to  evolve  a  orusher  by  which  klnetio  energy 
became  a  potential  factor  in  the  method  of  crushing  aid  break¬ 
ing  rock  by  blows  from  the  knobs  on  the  rollers.  It  scarceLy 
can  be  doubted  that  his  inventions  are  meritorious  and  in¬ 
volve  in  thoir  origination  and  perfection  patentable  skill 

The  claims  of  the  method  patent  read  as  follows:  : 

"1.  The  method  of  breaking  rook  consisting  in  causing 
two  Independently-driven  and  disconnected  massive  bodies 
to  travel  toward  each  other  at  a  high  speed,  partially 
arresting  the  motion  of  such  bodies  by  successively  and 
periodically  introducing  charges  of  rock  £]?S5»+$?or8“ 

by  breaking  the  rook  by  klnetio  energy,  and  restoring  the 


speed  of  such  'bodies  during  the  intervals,  substantially  as 
set  forth. 

2.  The  method  of  breaking  rock  consisting  in  driving  a 
pair  of  indopen dently-dr  ivon  and  disconnected  massive  rolls 
at  a  high  speed  by  means  of  n  small  power  capable  of  running 
the  rolls  up  to  speed  vhen  no  work  is  being  done,  partially 
arresting  the  motion  of  the  rolls  by  successively  and  period¬ 
ically  delivering  ohargos  of  rock  to  thorn,  thereby  breaking 
the  rack  by  kinetic  energy, and  restoring  the  speed  of  the 
rolls  during  the  intervals,  substantially  as  set  forth. 

The  claims  of  the  apparatus  patent  which  are  involved,  ex¬ 
cept  the  fifth  and  sixth,  road: 

"1.  In  apparatus  for  breaking  rock  by  kinetic  energy, 
the  otobinnticn  of  a  pair  of  independently-driven  and  die-  ; 
coMiected  massive  relic  having  roughened  or  -Irregular  aur-  ; 
faces,  a  power  connection  delivering  power  to  both  the  rolls 
insufficient  to  broak  the  rook  by  the  direct  application  of 
the  power,  and  means  for  periodically  delivering  oharges  of 
rock  to  such  rolls  at  sufficiently  infrequent  intervals  to 
permit  the  rolls  to  recover  sufficient  apeod  to  effect  tno  ■ 
successively  breaking  operations,  substantially  as  *et  forth. 

2.  In  anpnratus  f  cr  breaking  rook  by  kinetic  energy,  the 

combination  of  a  pair  of  independently-driven  end  disconnect 
ed  massive  rolls  having  roughened  or  irregular  surface o,  a 
power  connection  delivering  power  to  both  the  rolls  ncur- 
ficient  to  start  the  rolls  from  a  state  of  rest,  and  ™eans 
for  periodically  delivering  charges  of  rock  to  such  rolls  at. 
sufficiently  infrequont  intervals  to  permit,  the  rolls 
recover  sufficient  speed  to  effect  the  successive  breaking  i 
die  rat  ion,  substantially  as  set  forth.  > 

3.  In  apparatus  for  breaking  rock  by  kinetic  energy,  thd 
combination  of  a  pair  of  independently-driven  and  disconnect¬ 
ed  massive  rolls,  knobs  Of  substantially  uniiorn  height  on 
the  rolls  for  catching  the  rock  and  subjecting  it  ton  roll¬ 
ing  action,  la rear  and  higher  knobe  disposed  in 

al  row  on  one  of  the  rolls  for  sledging  large  pieoes  of  rock, 
and  reducing  them  to  a  size  small  be  subjected  to  , 

the  rolling  action,  a  power  connection  > delivering  po.,er  to  : 
both  the  rolls  insufficient  to  break  the  rock  by  tno  d.rect 
application  of  the  power,  and  means  for  periodically  deliver?- 
ing  chargeB  of  rock  to  such  rolls  at  sufficiently  infrequent 
intervals  to  permit  the  rolls  to  recover  ouf: fioient  a *0, 
effect  the  succoasivo  brenking  operotions,  substantially  as  : 
set  forth. 

4.  In  apparatus  for  breaking  rack  by  kinetic  energy,  the 

combination  of  the  two  independent  massive  rolls  having _ 

roughened  or  irregular  surfaces,  and  the  slipping  poT/cr  con-i 
neotions  for  both  rolls,  substantially  as  Bet  forth. 

7.  In  apparatus  for  breaking  rook  by  kinetic  energy,  the 
combination  with  indopen  cant  massive  rolls  having  roughened 
or  Irregular  surfaces,  of  slipping  power  connections,  and  I 
means  for  periodically  delivering  rook  to  the  rolls,  oub¬ 
stantially  as  set  forth."  j 

Claim  1  of  the  method  patent  is  for  a  combination  and  de¬ 
scribes  the  operation,  claim  2  is  not  substantially  differ¬ 
ent  but  has  included  the  feature  of  periodical  delivery  of 


jl  rock  to  the  rolls,  glalm  2  of  the  apparatus  patent  Is  oimll* 
i  ar  to  claim  1,  except  that  in  Its  combination  of  elements  1b j 
included  "a  power  connection  delivering  power  to  both  the  | 
rolls  insufficient  to  start  the  reals  from  a  state  of  rest%j 
;j  while  in  claim  1  "the  power  connection  delivering  power  to 
the  rolls  ie  insufficient  to  break  the  rock  by  the  direct  j 
application  of  the  power"'}  claim  3  inoludes  the  higher  j 
knobs  to  break  the  rock  to  be  aubjeoted  to  the  rolling  action 
claims  4  and  7  arc  broadly  for  the  combination  of  two  inde- 
pendent  massive  rolls  with  irregular  surfaces,  and  the  slipp¬ 
ing  power  connections  for  both  rolls;  claims  S  and  6  includoj 
the  element  of  friction  clutches. 

A  number  of  patents  for  cruBhers  having  rollers  arc  : 
claimed  by  defendants  to  anticipate  and  limit  the  claims  in 
controversy  but  such  patents  are  inapplicable.  To  bring  to¬ 
gether  end  adapt  in  dimensions,  iron  rollers  of  suoh  large  , 
proportions  enclosed  in  a  frame  and  providing  mean8  for 
periodically  storing  kinetic  energy  and  periodically  expend-j 
ing  it  As  described  in  the  specifications,  was  Invention  of 
the  highest  merit.  It  was  not  a  question  simply  of  changing, 
the  proportion,  size  or  Shape  of  the  rolls.  Hew  end  novel  j 
additions  in  crushing  apparatus  were  made.  The  prior  crush- 
ing  or  pressing  rolls  contained  no  helpful  suggestions  to  the 
patentee  as  to  the  manner  of  using  kinetic  energy  to  ln- 
jjj^stantaneously  fracture  heavy  rodk.  Although  the  prior  art 
shows  crushing  rolls  with  irregular  surfaces (as  evidenced  by 
the  patents  to  Uniholtz,  No.  48,224  and  27,581,  for  cool 
breaker  ,^yet  such  rolls  are  geared  togethor  and  were  not 
driven  by  a  bolt  in  opposite  directions.  They  were  incapable 
of  delivering  blows  to  powerful  rock  masses.  Indeed  there  is 
a  total  absence  in  the  prior  art  of  the  use  of  kinetic 
energy  to  eeoure  the  hammering  action  necessary  to  break  such 

/;  heavy  material  as  contemplated  by  Edison's  inventions. )  A 
> — -’*■  of  the  m  «i 

few/more  pertinent  of  the  prior  structures  are  here  speoial- 



izod.  In  the  Adorns  patent  Ho.  24,703, for  breaking  etono,  | 
the  rolls,  which  are  provided  with  teeth,  were  tft-vad.  togoth-j 
er  and  there  Is  no  suggestion  In  the  patent  that  kinetic  j 
energy  was  any  factor  in  breaking  the  material.  The  British  j 
patent  to  qtowe,  Ho.  9,140,  discloses  a  crushing  machine  j 
with  projections  on  the  rollers  and  it  has  a  fly  wheel  wMoh  , 
defendants  claim  was  a  recognition  of  the  desirability  of 
crushing  the  material  by  kinetic  energy,  but  I  think  that  j 
such  energy  was  simply  used  to  secure  an  oven  moment  of  the 
rolls.  Moreover  vdxson's  feature  of  driving  the  rolls  by  j 
belting  is  lacking,  and  the  certitude  that  it  was  incapable 
Of  fracturing  heavy  rook  is  olearly  apparent.  In  the  rornish 
rolls,  which  have  irregular  surfaces,  tho  rolls  were  geared 
together  and  were  not  independently  driven  and  disconnected,  j 
To  this  class  of  crushers  belong  the  patents  to  Babbitt, 

Stutz  and  gulver,-  patents  in  which  the  rolls  were  not  de¬ 
signed  to  operate  on  the  mass  at  intervals  and  these  having  , 
projections  or  teeth  on  the  rolls  pressed  or  ground  the  j 
material  instead  of  brooking  it  by  hammering;  nor  was  the 
speed  of  may  such  rolls  accelerated  hy  kinetic  energy.  In 
rolls  of  the  size  and  weight  of  complainant s  it  was  essential 
that  they  he  driven  independently  by  belting  so  as  to  secure 
both  co-operative  and  varying  movements.  Indeed  the  essence 
of  the  invent  ion  resided  in  such  changes  over  tho  prior  art. 
3?or,  as  Indicated  by  the  evidence,  to  have  geared  therolls  j 
would,  because  of  the  groat  -.eight  and  strain,  have  broken 
the  gear  teeth.  In  the  w*01  rolls,  upon  which  the  defendant; 
lay  emphasis,  the  rolls,  it  is  true,  were  large  but  they  v;orc 
formed  to  operate  ae  spiral  gears,  and  were  driven  by  gears,; 
the  method  of  crushing  being  in  the  nature  of  direct  oppli-  I 
cation  of  the  power  with  the  result  that  only  small  rock  or  j 
E  atone  could  be  crushed  or  pulverized,  such  rolls  did  not  j 
operate  by  kinetic  energy;  they  were  absolutely  unable  to 
.  oru8h  large  rock  or  boulder  and  after  repeated  trials  were  | 
£  ab andoned_.J~In  the  prior  art  there  is  not  disclosed  any  j 


method  or  apparatus  for  breaking  rook  by  the  medium  of  j 

:  crushing  rolls  which  arc  provided  with  knobs  or  projections  j 
i  and  are  driven  by  belting.  They  wore  provided  in  moot  in-  i 
!j  stances,  .vith  tooth  or  projections  on  the  rails  which  were  . 

i  go  are  d  together  and  their  function  was  to  compress,  pinch 
or  pick  the  material  to  eaparate  the  purtiolca.  The  driving  ■ 
j  agent,  apparently,  performed  the  work  of  crushing  the  j 

!  material  while  in  the  patents  under  consideration  there  is  a  j 
distinct  departure,  the  material  being  wholly  crushed  or  ! 
broken  by  the  energy  of  the  knobs  on  the  rolls,  /lthough 
some  of  the  separate  elements  of  tho  claims  in  controversy 
were  old  and  we  found  in  the  prior  apparatuses,  yet  such  ; 
old  elements  had  never  before  been  assembled  or  combined  to  j 
use  power  stored  in  the  rolls  to  break  cr  crush  reck  nor 
prior  to  the  inventions  in  suit  had  such  reck  been  broken  or 
crushed  by  hammer  blows  from  projections  on  the  rolls  driven  j 
-by  holt  and  rotating  :tn  opposite  directions.  Iloreover  tho  j 
patentee  was  the  first  to  use  a  small  driving  power  to  both  j 
rolls  for  the  purpose  of  storting  the  rolls  in  their  revel-  j 
utions  from  a  state  of  rest.  It  is  net  enough  to  select 
separate  elements  fr-m  different  devices  and  then  without 
making  any  patentable  change  or  improvement  insist,  as  .do 
the  defendants,  that  tho  patented  structure  might  been 
similarly  constnicte ^(Diamond  '.'latch  go.  v.  fich  crick,  VI  "Sd. 
Rep.  521;  offd.  77  vcd.  Rep.  208;  ncnurnl  vieotric  go.  v. 

Wise,  119  ycd.  Rop.,  922).^  The  claims  arc  entitled  to  such  j 
a  fair  construction  as  will  preserve  to  the  inventor  the  j 
j  fruits  of  his  diaoovery.J  j 

~  There  was  rmiolCteotincny  pro  and  con  in  relation  to  | 

tho  defense  of  prior  public  use  and  sale  more  than  two  years 
before  July  16,  1897,  the  date  of  tho  original  application. 
The  defendants  contend,  first,  that  tho  method  patent  vrnoon 
sale  ahd  in  public  use  within  the  two  year  period;  second, 
that  tho  apparatus  patent  was  on  sale  and  in  publio  use  more 


them  two  years  before  the  filing  of  said  original  application 
and,  third,  that  the  apparatus  patent  was  in  sucoeasful  I 
operation  in  the  year  1897.  In  view  of  the  action  of  the  ! 
patent  offioa  requiring  a  division  of  the  original  applloa-  j 
tion  for  patent  which  included  claims  for  process  end  etruc-: 
ture,  the  filing  date  Of  the  apparatus  patent  must  he  ante¬ 
dated  as  of  July  16,  1897,  the  date  of  the  original  applies-] 
tion.  By  the  file-wrapper  and  oontonts  it  appears  that  on 
May  3,  1900,  a  division  was  required  subsequently  on  Aiiguat 
1,  1900,  the  inventor  in  obedience  to  suoh  requirement  filed 
a  divisional  application  for  the  apparatus  patent,  pefendnnt 
contends  that  the  divisional  application  Smsrodtoxxwjqsuatjdnxxx  , 
contains  subject  matter  not  disolosed  in  the  original  appli-j 
cation  and  therefore  the  former  cannot  be  antedated.  The 
descriptive  matter,  however,  in  the  application  upon  which 
the  patent  was  granted  is  substantially  the  same  as  that  con¬ 
tained  in  the  earlier.  True  a  change  was  made  in  the  de-  j 

script  ion  but  suoh  change  in  mi'  opinion  is  not  of  material 
importance.  vye  may,  therefore,  briefly  examine  the  evidence 
regarding  prior  use  and  sale  within  two  years  before  the 
original  application  was  filed. 

The  construction  of  the  crushing  plant  at  Edison, 

Now  Jersey,  was  begun  in  the  year  1893,  experimental  rolls 
wore  constructed.  There  were  many  difficulties  to  overcome,] 
viz:  The  rolls  in  operation  reduced  their  speed  so  much 
that  they  become  stalled  and  the  belt  stretched  or  slipped 
making  it  impossible  to  crush  the  rook;  the  rolls  also  failed 
to  store  the  required  kinetic  energy  to  break  the  material 
and  failed  to  cQnttihie  the  rotation.  Af*er  frequent  exper¬ 
imented.  tests  in  1898,  whioh  were  without  the  desired  success 
the  plant  closed,  several  periodicale  or  magazines  have  j 
been  introduced  in  evidence  to  oorroborate  the  claim  of  the  j 
defondants  that  the  rollers  were  successfully  operated  in 
1894  and  1895,  but  suoh  publications  have  not  convinced  me 



Ithat  at  this  time  the  patents  wore  completed  or  beyond  the 
experimental  stage.  The  work  at  the  plant  was  resumed 
and  experimenting,  construe ting  and  making  improvements  on 
the  rolls  continued  until  early  in  1897,  when  tho  patentee's  ; 
oimooptions  were  completed.  The  defendants  assert  that  not 
only  wore  the  giant  crushers  practicable  before  July,  1898, 

■but  non- employe 3  were  permitted  to  witness  tho  crushing 
operation.  The  permission  given  by  Mr.  Edison,  howover,  to 
various  persons  to  inspeot  or  examine  the  machine  if  it 
;  was  not  then  completed,  will  not  establish  a  public  use  of 
the  invention  (WCrokmeioter  v.  Arne r  loan  no.,  134  ved.  pep., 

The  defendants  further  claim  that  a  commercial 
machine  such  os  the  specifications  describe  v/ns  sold  prior 
to  1895,  to  tho  Now  Jersey  Zinc  genipnny.  The  record  shows 
that  Mr.  Edison  had  given  a  license  to  such  company  to  use  a  , 

:i  o rusher,— not  the  Aompleted  invention  in  suit,  and  any  | 

patentable  improvements  that  might  sub ee quently  bo  made. 

Indeed,  it  is  satisfactorily  ahovai  that  the  giant  rolls 
embodying  the  inventions  in  suit  were  not  used  commercially 
until  after  the  original  application  for  patent  was  filod 
and  that  prior  thereto  the  inventions  were  under  the  exolus-  i 
lvo  c ontrnl  of  Mr.  Edison.  My  conclusion  on  this  phase  of 
the  controversy  is  that  the  defendants  have  not  proven  use 
or  sale  within  the  statutory  period  beyond  reasonable  doubt. 
In  its  most  favorable  aspeot  the  testimony  merely  shows  j 

;  an  experimental  use  of  an  lncompletcd  machine  end  such  use 
'  it  has  been  frequently  held,  is  not  a  public  use  (Elizabeth  j 
!  v.  Pavement  Co.,  97  TJ.  S.  126;  American  &  English  Ency.  of  i 
law,  2d  Ed.  VOl.  22,  p.  338).  j 

j  Coming  now  to  the  important  question  of  infringement  :j 

The  defendants  to  differentiate  its  rollers  and  method  of  j 
|  operation  from  complainants,  contend  that  the  rolls  installed^ 
■;  at  Pekin,  Hew  York,  are  rotated  by  a  eonmon  driving  bolt  j 



which  engages  the  pulleys  which  are  fixed  rigidly  hy  the  j 
roll  shafts*,  that  no  friction  clutohes  are  interposed  betv7cenj 
the  pulleys  end  the  roll  shafts  as  in  complainant • s  structure  * 
that  the  power  is  directly  applied  to  the  rolls  from  the 
driving  belt  and  the  rolls  are  not  driven  independently  nor  | 
arc  they  disconnected  but  on  the  centrary  they  are  dependent 
and  connected  upon  and  to  a  bolt  vhioh  engages  the  shaft. 

The  expert  witnesses  arc  not  in  acoerd  on  various  proposi¬ 
tions  relating  to  the  similarity  of  the  defendant's  crusher  ; 
to  that  of  the  complainant  or  the  means  adapted  by  the  de- 
fendants  to  perform  their  work.  By  the  testimony  of  com¬ 
plainant's  witnesses  Howhouse  and  Van  Zandt,  who  inspected 
defendants'  rolls,  it  appears  that  they  are  approximately 
the  same  weight  and  size  a3  those  of  complainant.  They  are 
oimilarily  mounted  in  a  frame  and  the  two  pulleys  which  are 
positioned  side  by  side  drive  the  belts  by  means  of  a  driving 
belt  which  runs  from  a  pulley  upon  a  countershaft  over  a  j 
belt  tightening  pulley  and  the  roll  pulley  and  to  quote  from! 
the  testimony: 

"fur  there  at  away  from  the  line  shaft,  coming  in  o  cu¬ 
tset  with  this  pulley  on  the  lower  a  .{*■  ■  ^ 
around  this  pulley,  then  partly  around  the  other  pulley 
(U3)  and  baek  to  the  countershaft  (t)  in  such  a  way  that 
the  same  holt  drives  both  rolls  in  the  proper  direction, 
that  is,  toward  eaoh  other  from  the  top}  each  pulley  is 
rigidly  keyed  to  its  roll  shaft." 

Such  method  of  using  the  driving  belt  to  rotate  the  rolls  is! 
praot icolly  the  came  a3  that  of  complainant.  In  place  of  the 
friction  elutoh  between  the  pulleys  and  the  roll  ehafts 
epeoified  in  claims  5  and  6  of  the  apparatus  patent,  the  ; 
defendants  seem  to  rely  vjccjl  on  the  ouBtomary  creeping  of  the 
belt  to  slightly  reduce  the  sposd  of  the  rolls  and  not  by  j 
any  slipping  connection  or  clutch  arrangement.  The  evidence^ 
however,  is  open  to  the  inference  that  thd  driving  bdlt  j 
;  naturally  slips  upon  the  roll  surfaces  as  the  rolls  reduce 
their  speed.  I  am  not  unmindful  of  the  testimony  of  the 
defendants'  superintendent,  Peterson,  who  positively 






testified  that  at  no  time  had  he  observed  any  tendenoy  of 
the  belt  to  slip  on  the  roll  pulleys,  but,  nevertheless,  I  j 
ara  satisfied  that  there  v/as  a  slipping  as  distinguished  from  ' 
what  is  technically  known  as  creeping  and,  moreover,  that  j 

such  slipping  v/as  induced  by  the  manner  in  which  the  rolls 
were  operated.  The  specification  of  the  method  patent  sub¬ 
stantially  states  that  after  the  roll3  acquire  their  full  j 
speed  the  rook  is  periodically  dumped  on  the  rolls  and  the  j 
consequent  effect  thereof  is  to  partially  arrest  the  motion  ; 
Of  the  rolls,  etc.  In  the  defendant's  method  the  material 
is  likewise  periodically  dumped  on  the  rolls  with  the  result 
that  their  speed  is  reduced  and  the  driving  belts  are  caused 
to  slip  at  seme  point  on  the  shaft,  glaime  4  and  7  are  not  ; 
limited  to  the  friction  clutches  (complainant's  preferred 
method  Of  reducing  the  speed)  as  the  moans  by  which  the 
speed  of  the  rolls  is  controlled  or  reduced.  ; 

I  am  also  of  the  opinion  that  the  defendants'  rolls  j 
are  « independently-driven  and  disconnected",  and,  thcroforo, 
infringe  the  raethrd  patent  and  the  broad  claims  1,  2  and  3, 

Of  the  apparatus  patent.  The  phrase  "independently-driven 
and  disconnected"  relates  to  the  c  destruction  and  method  of 
driving  the  rolls  and  was  obviously  used  in  the  patent  office 
to  differentiate  rolls  driven  by  belting  and  such  as  are 
geared  together.  In  providing  a  drive  by  belting  the 
patentee  secured  a  disconnection  of  the  rolls  and  independ¬ 
ent  rotation  vhioh  were  essential  features  of  his  patents  j 
and  by  which  the  kinetic  energy  was  rendered  capable  of  be¬ 
ing  used.  Giving  said  claims  such  a  construction  without 
limiting  them  to  a  friction  dutch  connection,  the  defend¬ 
ants'  rolls  must  be  deemed  to  operate  within  their  soopo,  j 
as  each  is  driven  by  its  own  pulley  which  bears  independent-  j 
ly  of  the  other  on  the  driving  belt,  thus  reooiving  its 
momentum  dlreotly  from  its  pulley.  The  patentee  has  the  un-  j 
doubted  right  to  every  use  to  which  his  origination  can  be  j 



|  applied  and  to  every  way  in  which  it  can  he  usod  to  carry 
!  out  ita  funotion,  and  having  oorreotly  described  his  inven¬ 
tion,  it  make  a  no  difference  that  he  did  not  claim  euch  uooc. 
(national  go.  v.  Interchangerible  Co.  106  yod.  Rep.  693- 
I  709). 

|  TO  summarize,  the  defendants'  r  tills  in  operation 

1  are  substantially  the  same  as  those  of  complainant,  having 
a  like  capacity  for  crushing  rock;  they  use  the  kinetic 
?  energy  to  break  the  material  periodically  dumped  upon  tho 
!  rolls  and  in  their  operation  perform  the  functions  of  the  j 

;  patents  in  suit  and  achieve  the  same  result.  The  method  ; 

i  patent  describes  the  mode  of  treatment  of  the  rock  by  which  j 
it  may  be  shattered  and  the  series  of  stops  to  be  taken  in  j 
the  transforming  process. 

The  combination  of  elements  by  whioh  the  splendid 
results  of  breaking  rook  by  blows  due  to  the  u3o  of  kinetic  j 
I  energy  were  attained  undoubtedly  involvesthe  exercise  of  j 
!  invention  as  distinguished  from  meohanioal  skill.  The  prior, 

|  art  neither  suggested  the  patentee's  method  nor  the  apparatus, 

I  by  which  the  work  could  be  done.  A  fair  prcponderence  of  j 
the  evidence  shows  that  the  defendants  have  appropriated  the! 

|  inventions  and  infringed  the  claims  of  the  method  potent,  j 
j  and  claims  1,  2,  3,  4  and  7  of  the  apparatus  patent;  claim* 

5  and  6  of  the  latter  aro  not  infringed. 

Accordingly  the  complainant  may  have  a  decree  for 
ij  injunction  and  accounting  with  oosts. 

J.  R.  H. 

Ij  u.  s.  j. 

Bated,  June  6th,  1911. 

j  Endorsed: c<mrt  the  United  states,  western  T)ist- 
I  rict  of  Now  York,  In  Equity.-  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Complainant, 
j  TB#  Ailis-chalmors  co.  et  til,  Defendants.-  Opinion-  Hazel,  J. 
Ij  XJ.  S.  Circuit  Court,  western  Dist.  Of  N.  Y.  Eiled  Juno  6, 

|  i9ii.  HarriB  S.  Williama^Clerk.  j 

,  fpl  £'  vJ  ^  &V\  v  cWAa-^^S 

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afvp.pOfOA^-i  crfl._i»Aj&-a  v**  i  &yy 

_ _ t?_S  fi*fv,_  £,cu//v|  ft*. _ _ _ 

- 4/L.C._5,.C 

— 'Ary,2,.( L _ ,Vvcw«. _ c^iAiA/.cv.cJr_vys-tv-cL«._o,uJr_— _ °-_ 


NEW  YORKi  N.  Y„ . "Dec.  21,  1911. 

fit-!,  '.12  !  I 

Thomas  A.  -Edison,  Esq., 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.-T. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

Edison  vs.  AlHe-Chalmer  s  Co.,  et  al. 

I  am  sending  by  express  to-day  to  Mr.  Harry  E.  Miller,  to  be 
delivered  to  you,  the  original  contracts  made  upon  the  termination  of  the 
above  suit,  together  with  copies  of  the  court  papers.  I  have  annexed  a 
summary  statement  of  all  the  papers  referred  to. 

The  settlement  was  put  through  on  Nov.  29,  1911,  by  delivering 
to  Max  W.  Babb,  Esq.,  of  counsel  for  the  Allis-chalmers  Company,  Dunbar 
Stone  Company  and  Empire  Limestone  Company,  all  the  contracts  made  be¬ 
tween  you  and  those  companies,  all  of  which  were  signed  by  you,  and  byhis 
delivery  to  me,  as  your  counsel,  of  the  contracts  signed  by  said  compan¬ 
ies  and  sent  to-day  by  express  to  Mr.  Miller.  At  the  same  time,  the 
stipulations  were  made  between  me  and  the  solicitors  for  the  defendants 
in  the  suit  upon  which  the  decrees  of  the  courts  were  entered. 

Inasmuch  as  the  contracts  vhich  I  received  for  you  have  not  yet 
been  signed  by  you,  it  seems  to  me  that  you  should  sign  these  contracts 
now,  since  the  copies  which  I  delivered  were  signed  by  you.  I  think 
that  this  should  be  done  because  if  you  should  have  need  to  use  the  con¬ 
tracts,  your  sig  nature  would  appear  thereon. 

I  am  sending  a  set  of  the  papers  to  the  Legal  Department  and 
another  set  to  Mr.  Mallory  by  express  to-day  in  order  that  they  may  have 
copies  to  refer  to, should  occasion  require,  -without  the  necessity  of  us¬ 
ing  the  original  contracts,  which  I  send  to  you. 

Wishing  you  a  Merry  Chr  istraaB  and  Happy  New  Year ,  I  am, 

Yours  very  truly, 


Harry  E.  Miller,  Tjaq., 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Hr.  Wilier: - 

Edison  v.  /illis-chalmers  Co.  et  al. 

I  am  sending  to  you  by  express  to-day  for  Mr.  Edison  a  com¬ 
plete  set  of  the  contracts  and  papers  made  and  executed  upon  the  termin¬ 
ation  of  the  above  suit,  t*162  contracts  are  the  original  contracts  and 
should,  therefore,  be  preserved  with  care.  By  same  mail  I  have  written 
to  Mr.  Edison  requesting  him  to  sign  his  name  to  each  of  the  original 
contracts  and  I  repeat  the  request  to  you.  He  should  sign  his  name 
above  "party  of  the  first  part"  in  each  case.  Will  you  kindly  present 
the  contracts  to  him  for  signature  before  they  are  filed?  The  reason 
for  this  request  is  that  the  copies  of  the  contracts  which  I  delivered 
as  counsel  for  Mr.  Edison  were  all  signed  by  him,  but  those  which  I 
received  for  him  have  not  yet  been  signed  by  him,  and  sometime  we  may 
need  to  produce  the  contracts,  and  it  will  be  better  if  his  signature 
appears  on  each. 

On  Nov.  29,  1911,  I  sent  to  Mr.  Edison  a  check  of  the  Allis- 
Chalmers  Company  for  $1,959.15,  being  the  amount  of  the  taxable  costs 
paid  by  the  Allis-ohslmer s  company  upon  the  termination  of  the  suit. 
Although  I  have  no  doubt  that  Mr.  Edison  received  the  check,  still  X 
have  no  acknowledgment  of  its  receipt  and  would,  therefore,  ask  that 
you  be  kind  enough  to  inform  me  in  regard  thereto. 

Very  truly  yours, 



Hew  York,  December  30th,  1911. 

M  ^  ,, 

Mr.  Thomae  A.  Edison, 

Orange  ,  Hew  Jereey. 

Dear  Sir  : 

We  wish  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your 
letter  of  the  29th,  regarding  air  compressor,  and 
to  advise  you  that  the  writer  will  call  at  your 
laboratory  to  see  you  on  January  2d,  if  this  will 
be  convenient  to  you.  If  not,  kindly  adviee  tie. 

Thanking  you  for  your  inquiry,  we  are, 

Very  truly  youre, 




J  /  An  important  decision  has  just  been  handed  down  by  judge 
Hazel  in  the  U.  8.  Circuit  Court  of  the  Western  District  of  Hew 
York  in  a  suit  against  the  Allie-Chalmers  Company  and  two  of 
its  customers,  the  Empire  Limestone  Company  and  the  Caspar is 
Company,  on  Edison  Patents  Hoe.  672,616  and  672,617,  granted  April 
23,  1901,  on  the  so-called  Giant  Rolls.  These  rolls  are  referred 
to  in  the  recent  book  "Edison:  His  Life  and  Inventions,  by  Prank 
L.  Dyer  and  T.  Commerford  Martin": 

"Ho  such  departure  was  as  radical  as  that  of  the  me  "£ocl  of 

fas  s^i^ssfisa nr  iss:  “4*  «• 


tfeliminate  the  slow  and  expensive  ^^^f-^e^t^andlinetic 

rare  a* in 

^d^fcittlge  piano  in 

declaring  the\h?ng  ^^“‘-^ility 

io^s^an^th^terrific' impact  £nd°'  BtrSn^sSiw  nCconvLtions 
v/ere  strong,  however,  and  he  persisted. 

judge  Hazel  in  referring  to  the  patents  under  consideration 
and  in  setting  forth  a  judicial  review  of  Edison's  accomplishment,. 


"lir.  Edison's  object  was  to  devise  a  method  by  whioh 
massive  rook  or  boulder  when  taken  from  their  bed  could  be 
instantaneously  orushed  or  broken  into  pieces  at  the  least 
•oossible  expense  by  the  blows  of  large  projections  on  the  rollers 
and  thus  to  eliminate  the  hand  sledging  or  blasting  of  the  prior 
art.  To  accomplish  his  object  it  was  necessary  that  the  rollers 
correspond  in  weight  and  strength  to  the  size  of  the  material  to  be 
broken  up.  He  believed  it  nossible  to  use  the  energy  and  force 
generated  by  the  inertia  of  revolving  objects.  The  problem  was 
how  to  apnly  such  energy  to  assist  in  the  crushing  operation. 

Kinetic  energy  is  the  term  by  whioh  such  force  and  power  is 
technically  known.  The  skilled  engineer  knew  tnau  a  heavy  rotating 
object  contained  stored  power  and  energy  component  with  it,  ana  _ 
in  thp  adaptation  of  such  force  and  power  for  breaking  and  crushing 
large "rock,  it  will  be  comprehended  that  if  such  energy  could  be 
nractically  used  an  achievement  of  great  economic  value  and  benefit 
in  this  art  would  result.  It  was  necessary  to  design  and  construct 
machinerv  and  rollers  of  a  peculiar  kind  together  with  facilities  for 
•olscins-  and  using  them  in  accordance  with  the  modus  operandi  spec- 
i-fied  in  the  oatents  in  suit.  The  patentee  surmounted  all  obstacles 
and  the  record  shows  there  were  many.  Ke  was  the  first  to  evolve 
a  crusher  by  which  kinetic  energy  became  a  potential  factor  in 
the  method  of  crushing  and  breaking  rook  by  blows  from  the  knobs 
on  rollers.  It  scarcely  can  be  doubted  that  hie 
meritorious  and  involve  in  the: 
able  skill  of  a  high  order." 

lization  and  perfection  patent- 

The  Court  then  refers  to  the  claims  of  the  two  patents, 

one  covering  broadly  the  method  involved  in  crushing  rock  by 
kinetic  energy  and  the  other  relating  to  the  apparatus  employing 
the  two  massive  rolls  which  are  so  driven  as  to  permit  the 

crushing  and  breaking  to  take  place.  It  was  urged  in  defense 
of  the  suit  that  crushing  rolls  of  much  smaller  size  had  been 

used,  generally  geared  together,  and  that  no  invention  would  oe  • 
required  to  increase  the  size  and  weight  of  such  rolls  and  to  dis¬ 
pense  with  the  gear  so  as  to  permit  the  rolls  to  operate  independ¬ 
ently.  Concerning  this  defense,  Judge  Hazel  said: 

"A  number  of  patents  for  crushers  having  rollers  are 
claimed  by  defendants  to  anticipate  and  limit  the  claims  in 
controversy,  "but  such  patents  are  inapplicable •  To  bring 

together  and  adapt  in  dimensions,  iron  rollers  of  suoh  large  pro¬ 
portions  enclosed  in  a  frame  and  providing  means  for  periodically 
storing  kinetic  energy  and  periodically  expending  it  as  de- 
scribed  in  the  specifications,  was  invention  of  tne  highest  merit. 
It  was  not  simply  a  question  of  changing  tlie  proportion,  siae  or 
shape  of  the  rolls.  Hew  and  novel  additions  in  crushing  apparatus 


vere  The  prior  crushing  or  pressing  rolls  oontained 
no  helpful  suggestions  to  the  patentee  as  to  tne  manner  of  using 
kinetic  energy  to  instantaneously  fracture  heavy  rook.  Although 
the  prior  art  shows  crushing  rolls  with  irregular  surfaces, 
yet  ouch  rolls  were  geared  together  and  were  not  driven  hy  a  oelt  m 
opposite  directions.  They  were  incapable  of  delivering  blows 
to  powerful  rock  masses.  Indeed  there  is  a  total  absence  in  tne 
prior  art  of  the  use  of  kinetic  energy  to  secure  the  hammering  action 
necessary  to  break  such  heavy  material  as  contemplated  by  Edison's 
invention."  ■»*  +  +  +  +  *  In  the  prior  art  there  is  not  disclosed 
any  method  or  apparatus  for  breaking  rook  by  the  medium  of  crushing 
rolls  which  re  provided  with  knobs  or  projections  and  are  driven 
*bv  'beltinc.  They  were  provided  in  most  instances  with  teeth  or 
projections  on  the  rolls  which  were  geared  together  and  tneir function 
wasJto  compress,  pinch  or  pick  the  material  to  separate  tne  particles. 
The  driving  agent  apparently  performed  the  work  of  crushing  the 
material  while  in  the  patents  under  consideration  there  is  a  distinct 
departure,  the  material  being  wholly  crushed  or  broken  by  tne  energy 
of  the  knobs  on  the  rolls,  ill though  Borne  of  the  separate  elements 
o-f  t*ie  claims  in  controversy  were  old  and  are  found  mtne  prior 
apparatuses ,  yet  such  old  elements  had  never  before  been  assemoled 
o?  combin-d  to  use  power  stored  in  the  rolls  to  break  or  crush  rook 
nor  prior  to  the  inventions  in  suit  had  such  rook  b een ^oken^or^ 
crushed  by  hammer  blows  from  projections  c 
and  rotating  in  opposite  directions,  t  *  +  *  *  +  * 
enough  to  select  separate  elements  from  different  ievioi 
without  making  any  patentable  change  or  improvement  insist 

2  rolls  driven  by  belt 
is  not 
i  and  then 

5  will  prei 

i.  fair  construction 

s  practically  a  copy  of 

and  the  Court  therefore  had  no  difficulty  in 

The  defendants'  structure  v 

the  Edison  rolls, 

promptly  deciding  them  to  be  an  infringement.  On  this  subject  the 
Court  said: 

"To  summarize,  the  defendants'  rolls  in  operation  are' 
substantially  the  same  as  those  of  ^f^break  the 

ISe^ial  “periodically1 '  dumped^pon'  thfsSr8 

rock  by  which  it  may  be  shattered  and  the  eenes  of  steps  to  be 
taken  in  the  transforming  process. 

The  combination  of  elements  by  which  ^hesplendid 
results  of  breaking  rook  by  blows  due  to  the  use  of  kin  tic 
energy  were  attained  undoubtedly  involves  ®*®rols®  t 

invention  as  distinguished  from  mechanical  skill. 
art  neither  suggested  the  patentee's  method  noi  the  apparcous 
by  which  the  work  could  be  done. 


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We  thankfully  acknowledge  the  vision  and  support  of  Rutgers  University  and  the 
Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers  Board  of  Sponsors. 

This  edition  was  made  possible  by  grant  funds  provided  from  the  New  Jersey  Historical 
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Director  and  General  Editor 

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endorsed  by 

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18  June  1981 

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ISBN  978-0-88692-887-2 

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